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首页 读写复印资料答案 Unit 2

读写复印资料答案 Unit 2.doc

读写复印资料答案 Unit 2

薛抗志
2019-01-27 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《读写复印资料答案 Unit 2doc》,可适用于考试题库领域

复印材料答案第三单元课文翻译CoreReadingWhatifIAtetheSilicaPacketsMarked“DoNotEat”KatherineNeerWhatyouwouldbeconsumingismostlikelysilicagelorsomeotherdesiccantsomethingthatabsorbs(collects)andholdswatervaporTheselittlepacketsarefoundinallsortsofproductstohelpmaintainqualityShippingcancauseallkindsofatmosphericconditionsandchangesintemperatureIncreasedmoisturecanspoilorpermanentlydamagemanyproductsForexample,ifabottleofvitaminscontainedanymoisturevaporandwascooledrapidly,thecondensingmoisturewouldruinthepillsYou’llfindlittlesilicagelpacketsinanythingthatwouldbeaffectedbyexcessmoistureorcondensationSilicagelcanadsorbaboutpercentofitsweightinmoistureandcantaketherelativehumidityinaclosedcontainerdowntoaboutpercentOncethegelissaturated,youcangetridofthemoistureandreusesilicagelbyheatingitabovedegreesFahrenheit(degreesCelsius)Silicagelisnearlyharmless,andthat’swhyyoufinditinfoodproductsSilica,whichisactuallysilicondioxide(SiO),isthesamematerialfoundinquartzThegelformcontainsmillionsoftinyporesthatcanadsorbandholdmoistureit’sessentiallyporoussandWhilethecontentsofasilicagelpacketarebasicallyharmless,itwouldbearatherunpleasantexperiencetoattempttoconsumethesilicacrystalsThesolejobofthesetinydesiccantsistoadsorbmoistureIfyouemptiedapacketofthestuffintoyourmouth,themoisturewouldbewhiskedawayfromthesidesandroofofyourmouth,yourgumsandtonguegivinganentirelynewandalltooaccuratemeaningofthephrase“drymouth”Ifsilicageldidhappentomakeitpastyourmouthwhichisunlikelybecauseyouwouldprobablybemakingeveryefforttospititoutyoumightsufferafewirritatingsideeffects,suchas:DryeyesAnirritated,dryfeelinginyourthroatAggravated,drymucousmembranesandnasalcavityAnupsetstomachorstomachdiscomfortSojusthowmanysilicapacketswouldittaketoadsorballthewaterfromsomeone’sbodyLet’suseapoundmanasanexampleWeknowthatpercentofahumanbodyismadeupofwaterpercentofpoundsispoundsofwaterWealsoknowthatsilicagelcanadsorbaboutpercentofitsweightinmoistureSopoundsofsilicagelareneededtoadsorbpoundsofwaterItturnsoutthatitwouldtakepoundsofsilicageltoadsorbpoundsofwaterSinceasinglepacketofsilicagelweighsounces,thatmeansapoundmanwouldhavetoconsume,packetsofsilicagel(words)(Retrievedandadaptedfrom)吃了标有“不可食用”的干燥剂怎么办?你吃下去的很有可能是硅胶或者其他种类的干燥剂用于吸收(收集)和储存水蒸气。这样用于保质的小包可见于各种产品中。海运会造成各种大气条件和温度变化。增加的湿度会降低或永久性地损毁许多产品的品质。例如一瓶含有任何剂量水蒸气的维生素如果迅速降温冷凝水蒸气就会损坏这些药片。任何品质会受到额外水分或冷凝影响的产品中都能找到小包装的硅胶。硅胶能吸收约等于自重的水分并将密闭容器中的相对湿度降低大约。通过加热可以去掉硅胶中的水分加热华氏度(摄氏度)以上硅胶就可以重新使用。硅胶几乎是无害的所以适用于食品保质。硅其实是二氧化硅(SiO)和石英中发现的材料是一样的。胶质的硅由成百万的能吸收和储存水分的微孔组成本质上相当于多孔的沙子。虽然硅胶包的内容基本无毒但企图吞下这些石英晶体的过程非常令人难受。这些微小干燥剂的唯一作用就是吸收水分。如果你把一整包干燥剂倒入口中水分会从口腔内的左右两壁、上颚、牙床和舌头上迅速流失给你一种全新而异常精确的“口干舌燥”的感觉。如果硅胶真的经过了口腔(这倒不太可能因为你一定会想尽办法把它吐出来)你会遭受一些非常刺激的副作用比如:●眼睛发干●喉部干燥、刺激感●不断加剧的粘膜和鼻腔的干燥感●胃不适或胃痛要多少包硅胶才能吸光人体的水分呢?我们以一个磅的男性为例来计算:人体都是水磅的就是是磅水。我们已知硅胶可以吸收自重的水分那么吸收磅水需要磅硅胶。如此计算吸光磅水需用磅硅胶。一包硅胶重盎司这就意味着一个磅中的男人要吃,包硅胶(才能把自身的水分全部吸光)。(字)(摘自)  CoreReadingHere’stoyourHealthJoanDuanyerAstheonlyfreshmanonhishighschool’svarsitywrestlingteam,TodwasanxioustofitinwithhisolderteammatesOnenightafteramatch,hewasofferedatequilabottleontheridehomeTodfelthehadtoaccept,orhewouldseemlikeasissyHetookaswallow,andeverytimethebottlewaspassedbacktohim,hetookanotherswallowaftersevenswallows,hepassedoutHisterrifiedteammatescarriedhimintohishome,andhismotherthenrushedhimtothehospitalAfterhisstomachwaspumped,TodlearnedthathisbloodalcohollevelhadbeensohighthathewasluckynottobeinacomaordeadUnfortunately,drinkingisnotunusualamonghighschoolstudentsor,forthatmatter,inanyothersegmentofoursocietyAndthat’snoaccidentTherearenumerousinfluencesinoursocietyurgingpeopletodrink,nottheleastofwhichisadvertisingWhocanrecallatelevisedbaseballorbasketballgamewithoutabeercommercialFurthermore,alcoholadsappearwithpoundingfrequencyinmagazines,onbillboards,andincollegenewspapersAccordingtoindustryestimates,brewersspendmorethan$millionayearonradioandTVcommercialsandanother$milliononprintadsInaddition,theliquorindustryspendsabout$millionayearonprintadvertising,andsinceithasgreatlyexpandeditspresenceoncableandindependentbroadcaststationsJustrecently,NBCbecamethefirstnetworkstationtoaccepthardliquoradsforbroadcastTotopitalloff,thisaggressiveadvertisingofalcoholpromotesaharmfulmythaboutdrinkingPartofthemythisthatliquorsignalsprofessionalsuccessInaslickmen’smagazine,onefullpageadforScotchwhiskeyshowstwomenseatedinanelegantrestaurantBothareintheirthirties,perfectlygroomed,andwearingexpensivelookinggraysuitsThewindowsaredrapedwithvelvet,thetablewithspotlesswhitelinenEachplacesettingconsistsofalongstemmedwatergoblet,silverutensils,andthicksilverplatesOneachplateisahalfemptycocktailglassThetwomenaregrinningandshakinghands,asifthey’vejustconcludedabusinessdealThecaptionreads,“Thetasteofsuccess”Contrarytowhattheliquorcompanywouldhaveusbelieve,drinkingismorecloselyrelatedtolackofsuccessthantoachievementAmongstudents,theheaviestdrinkershavethelowestgradesIntheworkforce,alcoholicsarefrequentlylateorabsent,tendtoperformpoorly,andoftengetfiredAlthoughalcoholabuseoccursinalleconomicclasses,itremainsmostprevalentamongthepoorAnotherpartofthealcoholmythisthatdrinkingmakesyoumoreattractivetotheoppositesex“Hot,hot,hot,”onecommercial’ssoundtrackbegins,asthecamerascansacrowdofcollegeagebeachgoersNextitfollowsthecurveofawoman’sleguptoherbarehipandlingersthereSheisyoung,beautiful,wearingabikiniAyoungguy,carryinganicechest,positionshimselfneartowhereshesitsHeistan,muscularShedoesn’tshowmuchinterestuntilheopensthechestandtakesoutabeerNowshesmilesoverathimHeraiseshiseyebrowsand,invitingly,holdsupanothercanShejoinshimThisbeer,thesongconcludes,“attractslikenoother”Beerdoesn’tmakeanyonesexierLikeallalcohol,itlowersthelevelsofmalehormonesinmenandoffemalehormonesinwomenevenwhentakeninsmallamountsInsubstantialamounts,alcoholcancauseinfertilityinwomenandimpotenceinmenSomealcoholicmenevendevelopenlargedbreastsThealcoholmythalsocreatestheillusionthatbeerandathleticsareaperfectcombinationOnebillboardfeaturesthreehighactionimages:asprinterrunningattopspeed,asurferridingawave,andabasketballplayerleapingtomakeadunkshotAparticularlightbeer,thebillboardpromises,“won’tslowyoudown”“Slowyoudown”isexactlywhatalcoholdoesDrinkingplaysaroleinoversixmillioninjurieseachyearnotcountingautomobileaccidentsEveninsmallamounts,alcoholdullsthebrain,reducingmusclecoordinationandslowingreactiontimeItalsointerfereswiththeabilitytofocustheeyesandadjusttoasuddenchangeinbrightnesssuchastheflashofacar’sheadlightsDrinkinganddriving,responsibleforoverhalfofallautomobiledeaths,istheleadingcauseofdeathamongteenagersContinuedalcoholabusecanphysicallychangethebrain,permanentlyimpairinglearningandmemoryLongtermdrinkingisrelatedtomalnutrition,weakeningofthebones,andulcersItincreasestheriskofliverfailure,heartdisease,andstomachcancerFinally,accordingtothemyth,alcoholisthemagicingredientthatgeneratessocialsuccessHundredsofTVandradioadshaveechoedthismessageinrecentyearsInonecommercial,forinstance,anoverweightmansitsaloneinhisdrablivingroomHereachesintoacooler,pullsoutabottleofbeer,andtwistsoffthebottlecapInstantlydancemusicerupts,anddozensofattractiveyoungadultsappearinashowerofpartystreamersandconfetti“Wherethepartybegins,”avoicesaysTheoncelonelyman,nowapopularguywithlotsofmaleandfemalefriends,hasfoundtheanswertohissocialproblemsbeerRelationshipsbasedonalcoholareunlikelytoleadtosocialsuccessandtruefriendshipsIndeed,studiesshowthatwhenalcoholbecomesthecenterofasocialgathering,itmayleadtopublicdrunkennessandviolenceThead’simageoftheman’snewfriendsignoresanundeniablereality:thatalcoholruinsnotcreatesrelationshipsInadditiontofightingandsimpleassault,drinkingislinkedtotwothirdsofdomesticviolenceincidentsRatherthanleadingtohealthysocialconnections,alcoholleadstoloneliness,despair,andmentalillnessOverafourthofthepatientsinstateandcountymentalhospitalshavealcoholproblemsmorethanhalfofallviolentcrimesarealcoholrelatedtherateofsuicideamongalcoholicsisfifteentimeshigherthanamongthegeneralpopulationAdvertiserswouldhaveusbelievethemyththatalcoholispartofbeingsuccessful,sexy,healthy,andhappybutthosewhohavesufferedfromitdirectlyorindirectlyknowotherwiseForalcohol’svictims,“Here’stoyourhealth”ringswithaterribleironywhenitisaccompaniedbytheclinkofliquorglasses(words)祝你健康作为所在高中摔跤校队中唯一的一年级学生Tod急于融入到年长的队友中。一次比赛后的晚上在回家的路上队友递给他一瓶龙舌兰酒Tod觉得他必须得喝否则会显得娘娘腔。他喝了一口每次酒瓶传回到他手中他都喝一口。喝完第八口后他失去了知觉。队友们吓坏了把他送回了家他的母亲赶紧送他去了医院。洗胃之后Tod才知道他的血液酒精含量很高他很幸运才没有陷入深度昏迷或者死亡。不幸的是喝酒在高中生中很普遍这一点在社会的其他部分也很普遍。这并非偶然。在我们的社会中有数不清的理由促使人们喝酒广告首当其冲。谁能想起一场没有啤酒广告的垒球或者篮球广告?酒类广告还密集出现在杂志、户外广告牌和大学报纸上。根据行业估计酒类经销商每年在电台和电视广告上花亿美元在印刷广告上花亿。此外制酒业每年花亿在印刷广告上自年以后大幅扩展了在有线电视和独立广播电台的广告。就在最近NBC成为了第一家播出烈性酒广告的网络电台。更有甚者这些侵略性的酒类广告深化了人们关于饮酒的误解。有一种误解是酒类标志着职业成功。在一本精致的男性杂志上整页刊登了一幅苏格兰威士忌广告里面有两位男士坐在一个高雅的饭店里。他们都三十多岁精心装扮穿着看起来很昂贵的灰色西装。窗户上垂着天鹅绒窗帘桌上铺着无瑕的白色亚麻。两人的餐具中都摆放着高脚酒杯、银质餐具和粗闪银盘每个盘子上有一杯喝了一半的鸡尾酒。两个男人笑着握手似乎刚刚谈成了一桩生意。广告标题写着:“成功的滋味”。和酒类企业推销的理念相反饮酒更容易导致失败而不是成功。学生中喝酒最多的成绩最差。职场上酗酒者经常迟到、旷工表现更差并经常被解雇。尽管酒精滥用在所有的经济阶层都有但在穷人中最为普遍。另一个关于饮酒的误解就是喝酒令你更具异性吸引力。“性感、性感、性感”一则广告配音如此开场同时摄像机扫过一群大学生模样的海滩游客。接下来画面上出现了一个女人腿部的曲线镜头一路延伸到裸露的臀部停顿下来。她年轻、漂亮、穿着比基尼。一个年轻男人拎着一个冰箱走来坐在了她的附近皮肤黝黑肌肉发达。但她对他并不感兴趣直到他打开冰箱取出一听啤酒。现在她对他笑了。他挑逗性地抬起了眉毛举起了另一听然后她和他坐在了一起喝酒。广告曲总结道:这啤酒“比任何人都有吸引力”。啤酒并不会令人更性感。和所有酒精一样即使只喝很少的量它也会降低两性的荷尔蒙指数。大量的酒精会导致女性不孕和男性阳痿。一些酗酒的男人甚至胸部增大。关于饮酒的误解还造就了一个假象:啤酒和运动员是绝配。一个广告牌上呈现了三幅高速运动画面:一位短跑选手极速奔跑、一个冲浪运动员乘风破浪、一个篮球运动员跃起扣篮。某品牌的低度啤酒在广告牌上承诺:“它不会让你慢下来”。“让你慢下来”正是酒精的作用。每年超过六百万的伤害事件都与饮酒有关还不算交通事故。即便是少量酒精也使大脑迟钝降低肌肉协调性并延长反应时间。饮酒还干扰眼睛的聚焦能力和面对亮度突然改变的调节能力比如闪过的汽车灯光。酒后驾车导致了一半多的交通事故死亡更是导致青少年死亡的头号原因。持续酒精滥用会造成大脑的物理改变永久伤害学习和记忆功能。长期饮酒与营养不良、骨质疏松和溃疡都有关并增加罹患肝功能衰竭、心脏病和胃癌的风险。关于饮酒的最后一个误解是:喝酒是促进社交成功的良药。近几年来上百个电视和电台广告都传递着这样的信息。以其中一则广告为例:一个肥胖的男人独坐在起居室里毫无生气。他把手伸进冰箱取出一瓶啤酒拧开瓶盖。立刻跳舞音乐响起几十个外形出众的年轻人出现在聚会彩带和五彩纸屑中。一个声音说到:“这就是聚会开始的地方”。那个起初落寞的男人现在成为了拥有众多男女朋友的热门人物他找到了解决其社交问题的办法啤酒。基于酒精的关系是不太可能发展成为社交成功和真正友谊的。实际上研究表明当饮酒成为社交聚会的中心时通常会发生群体性醉酒和暴力。广告中男人的新朋友的形象忽略了一个不可否认的事实:喝酒会破坏而不是建立关系。除了吵架和纯粹的打架以外喝酒与三分之二的家庭暴力事件有关。饮酒导致孤独感、绝望感和精神疾病而非导向健康的社会关系。州立和县级精神病院里四分之一的病人都有酗酒问题超过一半的暴力犯罪与喝酒有关酒瘾者的自杀率比普通人群高出倍。酒类经销商想让我们相信喝酒是成功、性感、健康和快乐的原因但只有那些直接或者间接的酒精受害者才了解事实的另一面。对他们而言觥筹交错时的祝语“祝你健康”是十足的讽刺。(词)  

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读写复印资料答案 Unit 2

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