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首页 大学英语四级语法.doc

大学英语四级语法.doc

大学英语四级语法.doc

上传者: 以後為自己 2017-09-28 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《大学英语四级语法doc》,可适用于高等教育领域,主题内容包含大学英语四级语法四级考试简介成绩分以上需要背个单词成绩,分需要背个单词单词的重考率极高比如:available(四级最爱)constrain(六级永符等。

大学英语四级语法四级考试简介成绩分以上需要背个单词成绩,分需要背个单词单词的重考率极高比如:available(四级最爱)constrain(六级永陪词汇)主考时态:容易成为答案的时态、过去完成时、将来完成时、完成进行时课程安排:时态非谓语动词虚拟语气倒装主谓一致从句长得像的选项有一个是答案PYoungpeoplearenottostandandlookatworksofarttheywantarttheycanparticipateinA)conservativeB)contentC)confidentD)generous注:押头韵去除D。PBylaw,whenonemakesalargepurchase,heshouldhaveopportunitytochangehismindA)accurateB)urgentC)excessiveD)adequate注:押尾韵去除C。单词记忆举例:Ivy常春藤gazelle瞪羚vigor精力naive天真的quaint古怪的acquaint使熟悉背单词的方法:、谐音联想记忆法:ambition野心ambitious野心勃勃的ponderous沉重的笨重的sneer嘲笑,讥笑exhaust使精疲力尽nuisance讨厌的人bruise瘀伤brutal残忍的curse诅咒、近形对照法:adapt适应adopt采纳收养adept有技巧的熟练的coast海岸线(ocean海洋)roast烧烤boast吹嘘toast干杯、形象联想法:look看loom若隐若现liberty自由blush脸红amorous好色的morose郁闷的mortal必死的mental智力的精神的记忆类型:、视觉型:不断的重复、听觉型:自己录自己的讲解不断的听、混合型:记情节细节猪八戒的五大特征:vigorous精力充沛的glimpse一瞥loveatthefirstglimpse一见钟情view风景(不可数)aroomwithview《看得见风景的房间》视野comeintoview走进视野glance一瞥gaze凝视尤指感兴趣的看(gazelle瞪羚)peep偷窥considerate体贴的considerable相当多的大量的consistent一致的和谐的beliablefor对……负责爱情三部曲I:apply申请approve批准appreciate感激attention注意attract吸引arrange安排appointment约会PNiagaraFallsisagreattourist,drawingmillionsofvisitorseveryyearA)attentionB)attractionC)appointmentD)arrangement注:touristattraction旅游胜地PThosegiftsofrarebooksthatweregiventousweredeeplyA)appreciatedB)approvedC)appealedD)applied注:appeal上诉subjectto屈从于使服从summit峰会高频成为答案词汇:爱情三部曲apply申请approve批准appreciate感激attention注意attract吸引arrange安排appointment约会engagement约会inthat=becausenowthat=sinceregardlessof不管不顾intermsof根据objectto反对(to为介词)bargainv讨价还价n便宜货pace节奏available可获得的可得到的(Areyouavailable你是否有时间,)TherewerenoticketsforFriday’sperformanceA)preferableB)considerableC)possibleD)available注:preferable喜欢的更好的considerable相当多的大量的considerate体贴的体谅的考虑周到的wehavefinishedthecourse,weshallstartdoingmorerevisionworkA)FornowB)NowthatC)EversinceD)BynowThematchwascancelledbecausemostofthemembersamatchwithoutastandardcourtA)objectedtohavingB)wereobjectedtohaveC)objectedtohaveD)wereobjectedtohaving注:objectedtodoingManypeoplecomplainoftherapidofmodernlifeA)rate速率B)speed速度C)pace节奏D)growth成长Rememberthatcustomersdon’taboutpricesinthatcityA)debateB)consultC)disputeD)bargain注,bargain讨价还价debate辩论争论consult咨询dispute辩论,争吵disputeoverLiquidsarelikesolidstheyhaveadefinitevolumeA)withthat接着随即就B)forthatC)inthatD)atthatEverymaninthiscountryhastherighttolivewherehewantsto,thecolorofhisskinA)regardlessof不管B)inthelightofC)byvirtueofD)withtheexceptionof注:inthelightof根据byvirtueof借助于依靠由于withtheexceptionof除了thatmyheadhadcleared,mybrainwasalsobeginningtoworkmuchbetterA)ForB)SinceC)NowD)DespiteHedecidedtomakefurtherimprovementsonthecomputer’sdesignthelightoftherequirementsofcustomersA)anB)forC)inD)withThesetwoareasaresimilartheybothhaveahighrainfallduringthisseasonA)tothatB)besidesthatC)inthatD)exceptthatItisquitenecessaryforaqualifiedteachertohavegoodmannersandknowledgeA)extensiveB)expansiveC)intensiveD)expensive注:通过押头韵排除C通过押尾韵排除B重要的词性:、动词和名词:名词是动作的发出者或承受者。、形容词和名词:形容词修饰名词。Iloveabeautifulgirl、副词:副词修饰形容词副词修饰动词副词修饰副词。IloveaverybeautifulgirlIalwaysloveaverybeautifulgirlNotsurprisingly,Ialwaysloveaverybeautifulgirl动词:谓语动词有且只有一个。如果再出现动词只能以非谓语形式存在:ing,ed,todoTogetahighscore,wehavetostudyhardIcamein,followedbytwodogsSeeingisbelieving口诀:谓语非谓经常混谓语句中就一个其余动词非谓语非谓形式有三种ing,ed和todo现在分词表主动过去分词表被动目的要用不定式主宾要用动名词I谓语动词一、谓语动词常考点:时态、语态、情态、倒装、主谓一致二、谓语动词的时态(共有种):时间:过去、现在、将来、过将(虚拟)状态:一般、进行、完成、完成进行三、四级考试中主要考的三个时态:过去完成时、将来完成时、完成进行时、过去完成时:到过去某个点为止所完成的动作在过去发生了两个动作先过去完成时后一般过去时。过去完成时与一般过去时常常成对出现。WeourbreakfastwhenanoldmancametothedoorA)justhavehadB)havejusthadC)justhadD)hadjusthadBeforethefirstnonstopflightmadein,itnecessaryforallplanestolandforrefuelingA)wouldbeB)hasbeenC)hadbeenD)wouldhavebeen注:时态题A和D是虚拟语气应排除。过去完成时所以选C。Athiefwhobrokeintoachurchwascaughtbecausetracesofwax,foundonhisclothes,fromthesortofcandlesusedonlyinchurcheshadcomeB)comingC)comeD)thatcameA)注:because从句缺谓语两个逗号中间的foundonhisclothes是插入成分、将来完成时:到将来某个点为止所完成的动作。We'llhavelearnedwordsbytheendofthisyearbythen到那个时候Bytheendofthismonth,wesurelyasatisfactorysolutiontotheproblemA)havefoundB)willbefindingC)willhavefoundD)arefindingIt’sreportedthatbytheendofthismonththeoutputofcementinthefactorybyaboutA)willhaverisenB)hasrisenC)willberisingD)hasbeenrising注:riseto上升到riseby上升了BetweenandthenumberofoverseasvisitorsexpandedA)byB)forC)toD)inMytrainarrivesinNewYorkateighto’clocktonightTheplaneIwouldliketotakefromtherebythenA)wouldleaveB)willhaveleftC)hasleftD)hadleft注:时间状语从句条件状语从句用一般现在时表示将来。BYtheendoftheyearallbuttwopeopleA)haveleftB)willleaveC)willbeleavingD)willhaveleftOurjourneywasslowbecausethetrainstoppedatdifferentvillagesA)unceasinglyB)graduallyC)continuouslyD)continually注:journey旅行unceasingly不停地连续不断地gradually逐渐地continuously连续不断地continually时断时续地断断续续地BythetimeyougettoNewYork,IforLondonA)wouldbeleavingB)amleavingC)havealreadyleftD)shallhaveleftBythetimehearrivesinBeijing,weherefortwodaysA)willhavestayedB)shallstayC)havebeenstayingD)havestayed、完成进行时:更加强调时间性。现在完成进行时为例:TheyhavebeenstandingtherefordaysItseemsoilfromthispipeforsometimeWe’llhavetotakethemachineaparttoputitrightA)hadleakedB)hasbeenleakingC)leakedD)isleakingII非谓语动词三大类:分词、动名词、不定式一、分词(分词常考题型:做状语、做定语分词作状语形式:主谓宾考点往往是非谓语动词与其逻辑主语之间的一致关系主动还是被动不管谓语和宾语只看主语能不能做这件事。分词作状语题型不定式不是答案。永远不是答案的形式:havingved,beenved,beved(过去分词强调被动状态现在分词强调主动进行。例:,IamlisteningtothemusicA)StandingbyMrLiuB)StoodbyMrLiu注:看主语能不能发出这个动作还是动作的承受者来选择是ing还是edNomatterhowfrequently,theworksofBeethovenalwaysattractlargeaudiencesA)performedB)performingC)tobeperformedD)beingperformed注:“空格逗号主谓宾”表示分词作状语。(现在分词的常见形式:一般式:ving与谓语动词同步发生。完成形式:havingved表示动作发生谓语动词之前。(在四级考试中不是正确答案)Havingdestroyedtheirhouse,theylivedinacave过去分词的常见形式:(一般式:ved表示被动过去分词的进行形式:beingved表示正在被做。完成被动形式:havingbeenved表示动作发生谓语动词之前且表示被动theearthtobeflat,manyfearedthatColumbuswouldfallofftheedgeoftheearthA)HavingbelievedB)BelievingC)BelievedD)Beingbelieved注:分词作状语题型。inthisway,thesituationdoesn'tseemsodisappointingA)TolookatB)LookingatC)LookedatD)Tobelookedat注:分词作状语题型A和D选项首先排除situation和look是被动关系所以选C(不讲)AlotofantsarealwaysinvadingmykitchenTheyareathoroughA)nuisanceB)troubleC)worryD)anxiety注:nuisance讨厌的人单词记忆:exhaust使精疲力尽sting蜇咬bruise瘀伤blackandblue青一块紫一块遍体鳞伤的brutal残忍的kagroo袋鼠cougar美洲狮ignore忽视ignorant无知的ignorance无知ambition雄心野心sneer轻视蔑视(独立主格结构:动作的发出者或承受者并不是句子中的主语、名词代词现在分词过去分词、在句中作状语、分词的一种也有分词的几种时态、withwithout复合结构Allflightsbecauseofthesnowstorm,manypassengerscoulddonothingbuttakethetrainA)hadbeencanceledB)havebeencanceledC)werecanceledD)havingbeencanceled注:becauseof介词此句为单句谓语动词有一个所以选非谓语动词。独立主格Allthings,theplannedtripwillhavetobecalledoffA)consideredB)beconsideredC)consideringD)havingconsidered注:calloff取消。分词题型中havinged都不要考虑Thespeaker,forhersplendidspeeches,waswarmlyreceivedbytheaudienceA)havingknownB)beingknownC)knowingD)known注:havingved做定语和状语都不会是答案HomeworkontimewillleadtobettergradesA)doneB)bedoneC)havingdoneD)tohavebeendone过去分词做定语Thespeech,alivelydiscussionstartedA)beingdeliveredB)wasdeliveredC)bedeliveredD)havingbeendelivered注:考的是过去式独立主格结构。按时间顺序先讲座后讨论所以选D。AsearlyasOhiomadeadecisionthatfree,taxsupportedschoolsmustbeestablishedineverytownhouseholdsormoreA)havingB)tohaveC)tohavehadD)havinghadThespeechwhichhemadetheprojecthasbotheredmegreatlyA)beingconcernedB)concernedC)beconcernedD)concerning注:whichhemade定语从句本身不是划线的内容的话可以将其去掉不考虑。concerning为介词关于。相当于aboutover(国外常用)concerningasto(国内考试用)。bother打扰brother兄弟fiend魔鬼friend朋友二、动名词:动作性的名词、是名词可作主语和宾语。、两种形式:ing形式表示主动Seeingisbelievingbeingved表被动beingexposedto。、前面可有动作的发出者即带主语(宾格所有格)Iwouldappreciateyouyourcallingbackthisafternoon、后面可有动作的承受者即带宾词Starvingtroopsisnecessary、动名词作主语时谓语动词一定要用单数。、动名词的否定前面直接加not。口诀:动名词功能多能做主能做宾主动形式ing被动形式beingdone可带宾可加主主为宾格所有格Afterforthejob,youwillberequiredtotakealanguagetestA)beinginterviewedB)interviewedC)interviewingD)havinginterviewed注:介词后缺宾语应为被动形式。inanatmosphereofsimplelivingwaswhatherparentswishedforA)ThegirlwaseducatedB)ThegirleducatedC)Thegirl’sbeingeducatedD)Thegirltobeeducated需要接动名词的动词:COMPARE:considerobjecttomindpreventpermitavoidriskenjoyMISTAKE:missimaginesuggesttolerateappreciatekeepescapeTheteacherdoesn’tpermitinclassA)smokeB)tosmokeC)smokingD)tohaveasmokeIappreciatetoyourhomeA)tobeinvitedB)tohaveinvitedC)havinginvitedD)beinginvitedJeandidnothavetimetogototheconcertlastnightbecauseshewasbusyforherexaminationA)toprepareB)tobepreparedC)preparingD)beingprepared注:bebusydoingMarkoftenattemptstoescapewheneverhebreakstrafficregulationsA)havingbeenfinedB)tohavebeenfinedC)beingfinedD)tobefinedIwouldappreciateitasecretA)youtokeepB)yourkeepingC)thatyoukeepD)thatyouwillkeepIwouldappreciateitasecretA)youtokeepB)yourkeepingC)thatyoukeepD)thatyouwillkeep注:to在这里是介词。(havingved唯一正确的一次)to作介词的词组:objectto,lookforwardto等It’snousemenottoworryA)youtellB)yourtellingC)foryoutohavetoldD)havingtold注:固定句型It'snousedoing做什么事情是没有用的TheyareconsideringbeforethepricesgoupA)ofbuyingthehouseB)withbuyingthehouseC)buyingthehouseD)tobuythehouseHewentaheadallwarningsaboutthedangerofhismissionA)incaseofB)becauseofC)regardlessofD)priorto注:goahead继续mission任务NoneoftheservantswerewhenMrsmithwantedtosendamessageA)availableB)approachableC)attainableD)applicable三、不定式I不定式的常考形式:作定语作状语、作状语表目的Tobecomeateacher,youmusthaveamasterdegree、定语表示将要做分词作定语表示已完成。thesurfacetobeglued(即将被粘好的)thesurfaceglued(已经被粘好的)、不定式充当名词功能:ToseeistobelieveII不定式的省略如help使役动词have感观动词see。口诀:一个感觉feel两个听hearlistento三个让havemakegetlet(听力中)四个看noticewatchobservesee半个help两均可被动以后to还原)感官动词see,watch,observe,notice,hear,smell,taste,feelsbsthdo表示动作的完整性真实性sbsthdoing表示动作的连续性进行性Isawhimworkinthegardenyesterday昨天我看见他在花园里干活了。(强调"我看见了"这个事实)Isawhimworkinginthegardenyesterday昨天我见他正在花园里干活。(强调"我见他正干活"这个动作),感官动词(look,smell,taste,feel,sound)后面接形容词而不是副词:ThecaketastesgoodItfeelscomfortable)使役动词havegetmakelet等词后不定式要省略但同)一样被动以后要还原toI‘dliketohaveJohndoitIhavemypackageweighedPauldoesn’thavetobemadetolearn)helphelpsbdohelpsbtodohelpdohelptodoIII有些动词后只跟不定式如:wantwishhopemanagepromiserefusepretendplanofferdecideagreeexpectallowsbtodo,causesbtodo,permitsbtodo,enablesbtodoforcesbtodobemorelikelytodolovetodowarnsbtodobeabletodobeambitioustodobeginstarttododoingIV有的时候to后面要接ing形式accustom(oneself)tobeaccustomedtofaceuptoinadditiontolookforwardtoobjecttobereducedtoresignoneselftoberesignedtoresorttosinktobeusedtobealternativetobecloseclosenesstobededicationdedicatedtobeoppositionopposedtobesimilaritysimilartoV、needwant后的ing形式具有被动的意思。其中want不太常用。Heneeds(alotof)encouragingMysister’sprofessorhadherherpapermanytimesbeforeallowinghertopresentittothecommitteeA)rewrittenB)torewriteC)rewriteD)rewriting注:havesbdosth让某人做某事Don’tgetyourschedulestaywithusinthisclassA)tochangeB)changingC)changedD)changeTheyaregoingtohavethetechniciananelectricfanintheofficetomorrowA)installB)toinstallC)tobeinstalledD)installed注:主动才能带宾语havesbdosth结构。technician技术工人IhaveheardbothteachersandstudentswellofhimA)tospeakB)spokenC)tohavespokenD)speak(重点)YouwillseethisproductwhereveryougoA)tobeadvertisedB)advertisedC)advertiseD)advertisingTheynoticedacrowdofpeopleinfrontoftheMadeleineA)shoutingandcheeringB)toshoutandcheerC)tobeshoutingandcheeringD)beingshoutedandcheeredThechildrenwenttheretowatchtheirontowerA)toerectB)beerectedC)erectingD)beingerected加不定式与doing含义不一样的动词FROGS:forgetrememberregretgoonstopdoing表示已做的事情todo表示没做的事情IremembertohelpusifweevergotintotroubleA)onceofferingB)himonceofferingC)himtoofferD)toofferhimIfIhadrememberedthewindow,thethiefwouldnothavegotinA)tocloseB)closingC)tohaveclosedD)havingclosed

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