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首页 (英语)步步高大一轮复习讲义Book3 Unit4

(英语)步步高大一轮复习讲义Book3 Unit4.ppt

(英语)步步高大一轮复习讲义Book3 Unit4

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2019-06-20 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《(英语)步步高大一轮复习讲义Book3 Unit4ppt》,可适用于综合领域

astronomerastronomybillionviolentviolenceatmospheredinosaurUnit Astronomy:thescienceofthestars基础落实Ⅰ词汇与派生.ə′strɒnəmən.天文学家→n.天文学.′bIlIənpronnadj(美)十亿(英)万亿.′vaIələntadj猛烈的强暴的→n.暴力.′ætməsfIən.大气层气氛.′daInəsɔːn.恐龙thussatelliteclimatespaceshiplessenreligionreligioustheoryglobe.ðʌsadv因此于是.′sætəlaItn.卫星人造卫星.′klaImItn.气候.′speIsʃIpn.宇宙飞船.′lesnv.减少减轻.rI′lIdʒənn.宗教宗教信仰→adj宗教的宗教信仰的.′θIərIn.学说理论.ɡləʊbn.球体地球仪地球fundamentalmultiplyoxygengravityextinctcrashdevelopmentdeveloped.|fʌndə′mentladj基本的基础的.′mʌltIplaIv.乘增加.′ɒksIdʒənn.氧.′ɡrævətIn.万有引力重力.Ik′stIŋktadj灭绝的绝种的.kræʃv.碰撞坠落.dI′veləpməntn.发展→adj发达的语境助记词不离句句不离段WiththedevelopmentofastronomypeopleknowmoreaboutthefundamentaltheoryofclimateatmosphereandtheglobeNowmoreandmoresatellitesandspaceshipsaresentintospacewherethere’snooxygenandgravityupcheersthatoutbirthlayⅡ短语与拓展.cheer高兴起来振作起来干杯.now既然.break突发爆发.giveto产生分娩.eggs下蛋fromstopoutouthangoutturnonmind.prevent阻止制止from阻止.watch当心密切注视look当心.gettheof熟悉掌握.block挡住(光线).inone’s轮到某人接着.depend依靠.makeupone’s决心howitcameintobeingⅢ句式与运用.EachreligionandculturehasitsownideasabouthowlifebeganonearthWhatdoyouknow?每种宗教和文化都有它自己关于地球上生命起源的看法。你了解些什么呢?句式分析 howlifebeganonearth作介词about的宾语。句式仿写 我们不知道这件事情是怎么形成的。WehavenoideaaboutAshewasn’tready.Nooneknowsexactlyhowtheearthbeganasithappenedsolongago没有人准确地知道地球是怎样开始的因为那发生在很久以前。句式分析 as引导的从句表示原因。句式仿写 他未能及时做好准备我们没等他就走了。intimewewentwithoutwaitingforhimmakeitaruletospeakEnglish.Thisproducedachainreactionwhichmadeitpossibleforlifetodevelop这样产生的连锁反应使生命发展成为可能。句式分析 makeit+adjnforsbsthtodosth。句式仿写 你应把随时说英语当成一种习惯。Youshouldwheneverpossiblethere,tootosee.LastmonthIwasluckyenoughtohaveachancetomakeatripintospacewithmyfriendLiYanpinganastronomer上个月我有幸得到一个机会同我的朋友李彦平一道去太空旅行他是一位宇航员。句式分析 tomakeatrip为不定式作定语修饰chance。句式仿写 我知道那里也有许多有趣可看的东西。Iknowtherearelotsofinterestingthingsasbrightasfourtimesaslargeas.butitwillnotbeasstrongapullastheearth’s……但它不如地球的引力那么强。句式分析 asas比较结构。句式仿写 约翰与鲍勃一样聪明。JohnisBob.IfoundIwascarriedtwiceasfarasontheearthandfellover……(当我向前迈步的时候)我发现我所走的距离是在地球上的两倍我跌倒了。句式分析 timesasas是……的几倍。句式仿写 亚洲的大小是欧洲的四倍。AsiaisEuropeBⅣ高考源于教材IfoundIwascarriedtwiceasfarasonearthandfellover(教材原句)Peter’sjacketlookedjustthesameasJack’sbutitcosthis(·辽宁)A.asmuchtwiceasB.twiceasmuchasC.muchastwiceasD.astwicemuchas解析 句意为:彼得的夹克衫看上去与杰克的相同但价格却是他的两倍。表达倍数用“倍数词+as+adjadv+as”结构。OurteacherofgeographyheldaclassmeetinginordertoencourageustostudyastronomyHegaveussomeusefuladvicesayingthatwedependonitthatwedefeatthedifficultiesbyourselvesⅤ单元知识活用翻译句子.我们地理老师为了鼓励我们学习天文学而开了一个班会。(encouragesbtodosth).他给我们提了一些有用的建议他说战胜困难得靠我们自己。(dependon)MeantimethegeographymonitoralsomadeaspeechwhichcheeredusupEveryoneofusmadeupourmindstostudyharderAslongaswegetthehangofthewaysoflearningastronomywecanlearnitwell.同时地理课代表的发言令人振奋。(cheerup).我们都下定决心更加努力学习。(makeupone’smind).只要我们熟悉了学习天文学的方法就能学好它。(getthehangof)连句成篇用适当的关联词或句将上述句子连接成文OurteacherofgeographyheldaclassmeetinginordertoencourageustostudyastronomyHegaveussomeusefuladvicesayingthatwedependonitthatwedefeatthedifficultiesbyourselvesMeantimethegeographymonitoralsomadeaspeechwhichcheeredusupAfterthemeetingeveryoneofusmadeupourmindstostudyharderWethinkthataslongaswegetthehangofthewaysoflearningastronomywecanlearnitwellpuzzlingpuzzledpuzzlementin考点探究重点单词.puzzlen.谜疑问v迷惑使困惑adj令人迷惑的adj困惑的迷惑不解的n.迷惘困惑puzzleoverabout绞尽脑汁苦思冥想puzzlement迷惘地puzzlingaboutover()Shestaredathimpuzzledatfirstthenangryandfinallyalookofhelplessnesscameoverher(·江西阅读理解C)她盯着他先是不解然后是愤怒最后脸上是无助的表情。()Scientistshavebeentryingtosolvethispuzzleforyears多年来科学家们一直试图解决这一谜团。()Thepolicearestillhowtheaccidenthappened警察仍然在苦思冥想事故是如何发生的。puzzledpuzzlepuzzlementpuzzling语境活用MarywasreadingapoemwithaexpressiononherfaceItsdeepermeaningremainedaforherWhenIaskedwhatshethoughtofthepoemshelookedatmeinandsaiditwasindeedmassiveofmassesmass.massn.质量团块大量群众(pl)adj民众的大规模的adj大规模的巨大的amass=massesof大量的许多的themassof=mostof……的大部分……的主要部分beamassof满是……遍布着……inthemass大体上大致上the(asawhole)大众民众theof大部分……massproduction批量生产inthemassThemassof注意:amassof和massesof可以后接可数或不可数名词作主语时谓语动词的单复数与of后名词的单复数保持一致。()Fewofthepeopleinmassintroductionsexpectyoutoremembertheirnames(·安徽阅读理解A)在大批人员的介绍引见中没有几个人希望你记住他们的名字。()Hergardenisamassofflowers她的花园里种满了花。()Idon’tlikechildren大体而论我不喜欢儿童。()peopleinthatcountryareChristians那个国家的大部分人是基督徒。downone’slifeout.layv.产搁放布置layoff解雇停止工作layaside储存(某物)待用备用lay放下(工具、武器等)规定制定放弃laydown(forsth)(为……)牺牲生命lay铺开展开布置设计(建筑物等)laysthonsb把(责任或难题)推给(某人)把……加于laidofflaidsomemoneyaside()Sometimestheymightbeifbusinessfortheemployersisslow(·湖南阅读填空)有时如果老板们的生意不好他们可能会下岗。()ShewaslaidoffalongwithmanyotherswhenthecompanymovedtoCalifornia当公司迁往加利福尼亚时她和许多工人失业了。()Theyfortheirdaughter’smarriage他们存了些钱以备女儿结婚用。lyingliedlaidlaidlie注意:laylaidlaidlaying放置产卵lielaylainlying躺位于lieliedliedlying撒谎语境活用运用上述词汇完成下面的情景OnedaywhilewewereonthegrasshetomethathetheeggsthatthehenhadjustonthetableIknewhewastellingamassivepuzzlingmasseslaidpuzzle对点训练Ⅰ语境填词.Thetempleissupportedby(巨大的)columns.Theteacher’sexplanationclarifiedthe(令人迷惑的)problems.Thesurfaceofourearthiscoveredwithof(大量)water.Thelivingroomiscleanandtidywithadiningtablealready(摆好)foramealtobecooked.It’sa(疑问)whereallmymoneygoeseachweekCⅡ单项填空.workhasbeendonetopreventthewaterinthelakebeingpollutedA.AplentyofB.AnumberofC.AmassofD.Agreatmany解析 amassof可用来修饰不可数名词B和D只能用来修饰可数名词复数A应去掉a。B.ThepresentsituationisandweareallaboutwhatwillhappeninthedaystocomeA.puzzledpuzzlingB.puzzlingpuzzledC.puzzlingpuzzlingD.puzzledpuzzled解析 bepuzzling……是令人迷惑的bepuzzledabout对……感到迷惑。DC.Thecarmanufacturerhas,workersbecauseofthedropinsalesA.pickedoutB.givenupC.dealtwithD.laidoff解析 由句意可知此处应表示“解雇”故选D项。.IhavegotthingstoseethismorningsoIwasn’tabletogototheflowerexhibitA.agreatdealofB.alargeamountofC.massesofD.agreatmanyof解析 A和B不可接可数名词D项应去掉of。B.Themanunderthetreesaidthathedidn’tlikethepeoplewhoalwaystoothersA.lyinglayB.lyingliedC.layinglaidD.liedlied解析 “那个躺在树下的人”用现在分词lying作后置定语第二个空lie作“撒谎”讲时过去时形式为lied。ononeaheadtake重点短语与句型.intime及时最后time准时按时innotime立即马上atatime一次每次attime曾经一度attimes有时oftime提前forthetimebeing暂时one’stime别着急慢慢来atthesametime同时然而不过attimesinnotime()Tocompletetheprojectintimethestaffwereworkingatweekends(·天津)为了按时完成工程全体员工周末都在上班。()Theflowersweresolovelythattheyweresold(·宁夏)这些花是如此可爱以致于它们很快就被卖光了。()Hecanbereallybad­tempered他有的时候脾气可真坏。preventionfromdoingsth.preventfrom阻止抑制n.防止阻止妨碍preventsb(from)doingsthstopsb(from)doingsthkeepsbdoingsthkeepsb使某人一直做某事protectsbfrom保护某人不受……的侵袭挡住防御preventfromleavingenergy注意:被动语态中上述搭配中的from都不可省略。()Thesegasesactliketheglassofagreenhouseinthattheyallowenergyfromthesuntoenterbut(·江苏阅读理解B)这些气体起到像温室玻璃一样的作用它们允许来自太阳的能量进入却阻止能量离开。()Theywouldpreventstopkeeptherichfromrobbingthepoor他们要制止富人掠夺穷人。protecthischildfrom()Heraisedhisarmtobeinghurt他伸出手臂去保护他的孩子免受伤害。()Preventionisbetterthancure治病不如防病。写作句组满分作文之佳句a.Don’tforgettobringahatandapairofgloveswhichcanpreventyoufromsunlightandhelptopickupapplesquickly(·辽宁)b.Ethan’smotherfailedtokeepEthanfromwatchingbyrewardinghimwithcash(·广东)c.Inadditionwhileworkingthereyou’dbetterwearahatandglovestoprotectyourfacefrombeingexposedtothestrongsunlightandyourhandsfrombeinghurt(·辽宁)d.Itisnecessarytostopthetouristsfromtakingphotoswithanimals(·广东)overonon.watchout密切注意当心提防()watchfor期待等待watch照顾监督保护watchoutfor留意留心密切注意()watch守望放哨offwatch不值班keepwatch守望值班bethewatch(forsbsth)小心提防警戒watchoutfor()Iadvisedthemtoslickspotsonthesidewalk我建议他们当心人行道上路滑的地方。()You’llhavetowatchfortherightmoment你得等候适当的时机。.IfoundIwascarriedtwiceasfarasontheearthandfellover……(当我向前迈步的时候)我发现我所走的距离是在地球上的两倍我跌倒了。句式提取:twiceasfaras倍数的表达方式:()“A+倍数+形容词或副词的比较级+than+B”表示“A比B大(长、高、宽等)多少倍”。()“A+倍数+as+形容词或副词的原级+as+B”表示“A是B的多少倍”。()“A+倍数+thesizeheightlengthwidthetc+of+B”表示“A是B的多少倍”。()A+倍数+what从句。threetimesasmanyas()Therearefivetimesmorebooksinourlibrarythaninyours我们图书馆里的书比你们图书馆里的书多五倍。()Theyhavecowswehave他们的牛是我们的三倍。()Myhouseistwicethesizeofmyparents’.我的房子是我父母的两倍大。.“Ohdear”Icried“walkingdoesneedabitofpracticenowthatgravityhaschanged”我大声地说:“天啊既然引力改变了走路也需要练一练了。”句式提取:nowthat引导原因状语从句Nowthatnowthat既然由于是连词词组引导原因状语从句表示明显的原因或即成的事实。口语中that常可省略。其他引导原因状语从句的连接词because因为(语气较重常用于回答why的提问)since因为既然由于(可与nowthat互换)as因为(语气较弱)for因为(并列连词引导一个分句不能置于句首表示进一步补充说明)()Itmusthaverainedlastnightforthegroundiswet昨天晚上一定下雨了因为地是湿的。()youhavefinishedyourworkyou’dbetterhavearest既然你的工作已经做完了最好休息一下。preventfromintimewatchoveratatime对点训练Ⅰ选词填空eqx(intimewatchoverpreventfromatatime).Nothingcantheirplansbeingcarriedout.Thedoctorcametosaveherlife.Thepolice’sresponsibilityistothesafetyofthecommunity.Don’trecitealltogetheroneTheproductionnowisthreetimeswhatitwastenyearsagoNowthateveryoneisherelet’sbeginourclassSinceyouhavecomewhynotjuststayⅡ翻译句子.现在的产量是十年前的三倍。.既然大家都到了咱们上课吧。.既来之则安之。BⅢ单项填空.PeoplewillthankthefirefightersforthethingstheydotopreventfirestheenvironmentsaferA.makeB.tomakeC.frommakingD.making解析 此处为不定式表目的即“由于他们的防火工作而使环境更安全”。DA.Whatastrangeman!HeloveshiswifebutheoftenbeatsherA.atatimeB.atonetimeC.intimeD.atthesametime.OurcityhasexperiencedthisyearasitdidlastyearA.twiceasmuchrainB.raintwiceasmuchC.astwicemuchrainD.twicerainasmuch解析 twiceasmuchas“是……的两倍”为固定结构。D.HemindssomuchabouthispositionintheofficethatheanychancetobepromotedA.watchesoutB.looksupC.pointsoutD.watchesoutfor解析 句意为:他如此在意在办公室的职位以致于他密切关注任何被提升的机会。watchoutforsth密切注意某事符合句意。A.you’vegotachanceyoumightaswellmakefulluseofitA.NowthatB.AfterC.AlthoughD.Assoonas解析 主句与从句之间存在因果关系且“you’vegotachance”表示一个显而易见的原因因此应选用表原因的nowthat。写作提升扩句成篇将下列要点扩展成一篇文章①familiesandpeople②usedtobeverypoorchangealotricherthanbeforetakeonanewlook③wasverysmallhavebeenrebuilt④newly­builthavestoreysmostbeautifulbuilding⑤school­agechildrenenjoyfreeeducation学生习作LadiesandgentlemenWelcometoourvillage!ThisvillageisasmallonewithwhichhasnearlyfamiliesandaboutpeopleItusedtobeverypoorHoweverithaschangedalotsinceandhasbeendevelopingveryfastPeopleherehaveliveamuchbetterlifethanbeforeNowithastakenonanewlookInthepasttheschoolherewasverysmallandmostchildrencouldn’taffordtogotoschoolButnowithasbeenrebuiltandthenewly­builtteachingbuildingwhichhasstoreysisthemostbeautifuloneinthevillageAlltheschool­agechildrencanstudyhereWhat’smoreAlsotheyenjoyfreeeducationMayyouenjoyyourstayhereMayyouhaveapleasanttimehere!Thankyou!现场阅卷这篇文章要点齐全表达也没语法错误但语言平淡句式单一多为简单句逻辑性也差因此很难在考试的评分中得到较高档次。如果使用一些恰当的连接词并尽量使用较高级的词汇和较复杂的语法结构这个平淡的文章就会有很大的改观甚至会变得更精彩。返回LadiesandgentlemenWelcometoourvillage!ThisvillageisasmallonewithwhichhasnearlyfamiliesandaboutpeopleItusedtobeverypoorHoweverithaschangedalotsinceandhasbeendevelopingveryfastPeopleherehaveliveamuchbetterlifethanbeforeNowithastakenonanewlookInthepasttheschoolherewasverysmallandmostchildrencouldn’taffordtogotoschoolButnowithasbeenrebuiltandthenewly­builtteachingbuildingwhichhasstoreysisthemostbeautifuloneinthevillageAlltheschool­agechildrencanstudyhereWhat’smoreAlsotheyenjoyfreeeducationMayyouenjoyyourstayhereMayyouhaveapleasanttimehere!Thankyou!佳作欣赏

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