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首页 英语未来The future of

英语未来The future of.ppt

英语未来The future of

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2019-06-20 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语未来The future ofppt》,可适用于综合领域

ThefutureofEnglishEnglishisnofutureThedevelopmentofworldEnglishinthefuturehavenowayThedevelopmentofChineseEnglishinthefuturehavenoway《最后的通用语:英语的巴比伦结局》作者:尼古拉斯•奥斯特勒从语言学历史到对英语的展望作者得出:除了技术没有哪一种语言再会成为通用语。FromthelinguisticsofEnglishhistorytotheoutlook,theauthorconcludedthat:inadditiontotechnical,noonelanguagefarewellbelanguageENGLISHisthemostsuccessfullanguageinthehistoryoftheworldItisspokenoneverycontinent,islearntasasecondlanguagebyschoolchildrenandisthevehicleofscience,globalbusinessandpopularcultureManythinkitwillspreadwithoutendButNicholasOstler,ascholaroftheriseandfalloflanguages,makesasurprisingpredictioninhislatestbook:thedaysofEnglishastheworld’slinguafrancamaybenumberedEnglishisexpandingasalinguafrancabutnotasamothertongueMorethanbillionpeoplespeakEnglishworldwidebutonlyaboutmofthemasafirstlanguage,andthispopulationisnotspreadingThefutureofEnglishisinthehandsofcountriesoutsidethecoreAnglophonegroupWilltheyalwayslearnEnglishMrOstlersuggeststhattwonewfactorsmodernnationalismandtechnologywillcheckthespreadofEnglishThepragmatismoftheAchaemenidsandMughalsisstrikingbecausenoconfidentmodernnationwouldtodaymakeaforeignlanguageofficialSeveralofBritain’sexcoloniesoncedidsobutonlybecauseEnglishwasaneutrallanguageamongcompetingnativetonguesEnglishhasbeenrejectedinotherexcolonies,suchasSriLankaandTanzania,whereAnglophoneelitesgavewaytoSinhalaandSwahilispeakingnationalistsIntheNetherlandsconsideredbutrejectedonnationalistgroundsmakingEnglishthesolelanguageofuniversityeducationEnglishwillfadeasalinguafranca,MrOstlerargues,butnotbecausesomeotherlanguagewilltakeitsplaceNopretenderispanregionalenough,andonlyAfrica’slinguisticsituationmaybesufficientlyfluidtohaveitsfuturechoicesinfluencedbyoutsidersRather,EnglishwillhavenosuccessorbecausenonewillbeneededTechnology,MrOstlerbelieves,willfilltheneedMrOstlerissurelyrightaboutthenationalistlimitstothespreadofEnglishasamothertongueIfheisrightaboutthetechnologytoo,futuregenerationswillcometoseeEnglishassomethinglikecalligraphyorLatin:prestigiousandtraditional,butincreasinglydispensableIwanttoliveinAmerica,weknowthatitisadreamingplaceI’mworkinginacompany,andmyjobneedtouseEnglishlearningEnglish,canmarryrichforeigners,andcanbornbeautifulbabiesIhateEnglish,itmakemecrazy,Ihaven’tpassthecetseveraltimesWedon’tuseEnglishinourlife,weareChinese,speakEnglishishardforusTomakemoney,tofindagoodjobChineseorEnglish,whichwillbedominateinthefutureEnglishismoreeasyandunderstand,andisthemostsuccessfullanguageinthehistoryoftheworldEnglishistheworld'smostwidelyusedlanguagesWiththeeconomicglobalization'sinfluence,EnglishismoreprevailingChineseisusedthelargestnumberoflanguagesintheworld,ChinesearemorelikelytoexpressandtransmitinformationWithpowerfulforceofChina,ChinesemoreandmorevaluedTheChineselanguageisgreatintegrationandadaptabilityEnglishistheworld'smostwidelyusedlanguagestherearecountriesspeakingEnglishintheworldWithEnglishasanativespeakerofthestatehavesix:Britain,theUnitedStates,Canada,NewZealand,AustraliaandIrelandoftheworld'sTVshowisEnglish,threequartersofthemailiswritteninEnglish,computerkeyboardisEnglishkeyboard,anyameetingdareclaimstobeinternationalmeeting,themeetingmustbeusedtheworkinglanguageofEnglish,buttheUnitedNationsofficialworkinglanguageWiththeeconomicglobalization'sinfluence,EnglishismoreprevailingShenzhenspecialzonereported:ChinaisthelargestnumberoflearningEnglishLiYangcrazyEnglishisverypopularinchinaChineseisusedthelargestnumberoflanguagesintheworld,ChinesearemorelikelytoexpressandtransmitinformationTheChineseonlyknowthousandsofwordscanexpresstheworldButEnglishbecauseofdidn'tgrasptherelationshipbetweenuniversalityandindividualityEverythingsaretobuildawordDescribetheworldneedsagreatvocabularyWithpowerfulforceofChina,ChinesemoreandmorevaluedConfuciusInstituteCurrently,thereareConfuciusinstituteintheworldJiangxiprovincebuildupfirstConfuciusinstituteinAfricaChinesebridge"gamesainternationalstudentslearningChinese,knowledgeofChina'simportantplatform,inChinaandworldyouthhasacommunicationbetweenthebridgeofmind"ChinesebridgegamesChinesebridge"gamesin,andformallysettledinhunan,thehunansatelliteTVandhunanjointlyhostedcetvAtpresentandheldthetenthTheChineselanguageisgreatintegrationandadaptabilitySuchasChineseEnglish( Chinglish)longtimenosee中式英语(Chinglish中式英语ChinesestyleEnglishYesorNoSeventypercentnetfriendinfavorofChinesestyleEnglishuse“Goodgoodstudy,daydayup”(好好学习天天向上)”“HowareyouHowoldareyou(怎么是你怎么老是你?)”“peoplemoumtainpeoplesea(人山人海)”。汉语有极大的融合性及适应性。TheChineselanguageisgreatintegrationandadaptabilityEg,chineseenglish近期中式英语(Chinglish)成为一尤其热门的词语一边是创立它的中国人要“立志灭掉原创”一边是本来“中毒”的英语母语国家有些遗憾的挽留这种有点不合逻辑的存在方式让中式英语越发引起人们的关注和讨论。中式英语对于英语学习者而言中式英语可以看作他们的“媒介”语言。当“习惯母语”遭遇“正确外语”就自然而然地创造出一种新的、不知正确与否的Chinglish了。 中式英语的发源地在香港。当时英国强行租借香港岛在货物起卸区有不少经常与洋人打交道的人慢慢从洋人口中学得几个简单的英文词语就用自己的方式把这些刚学会的英语组成字句。本来这种在自己的国土上自我流行的异体语言至多也就是“自产自销”对于他国甚至是英语母语国及使用国都无大的影响。只不过当中国走向世界的脚步越来越大时“文化、语言”的交汇也是直上云霄。 因此正是由于“接轨”的速度快、程度强使得中式英语突然曝光于世界之下成为了英语人眼中的一种侮辱或者一个玩笑。 为了摆脱“耻辱”有关中式英语的“整风运动”浩浩荡荡地展开了而发起者正是创造它的中国人。以最国际化的上海为代表为了迎接年世博会上海世博局在暑期期间组织大学生走上街头集中“整治”中式英语清除街头巷尾拼写错误或有语法错误的英文路牌、站牌、指示牌等。行动主要集中在上海轨道交通主要站点和南京路步行街、外滩等人流密集区。有趣的是“中式英语”一边被消灭却一边又在被保护国外媒体英国《卫报》撰文力保Chinglish认为中式英语其实错得韵味十足公开表示为即将被消灭的Chinglish感到万分惋惜。中式英语到底是需要保卫还是清算瞬间成为争论。在英语的中国化与中国的世界化进程中一言以蔽之越接轨越争执。谈起“中式英语”似乎总是和趣闻、笑话撇不清关系。在年五月份国内某网站的《十大爆笑中式英语投票》多人投票结果筛选出以下人们认为最好玩、最有特色的中式英语。 不难看出“中式英语”所谓的特色实质上就是错误和尴尬它包括了餐馆的英语菜谱马路边的英语指示大街小巷的广告牌……于是“中式英语”几乎从一诞生就有摆脱不掉的“耻辱”与抬不起头的“自卑”似乎它的出现注定是个错误注定要被消灭。中国式英语通常被认为是因中国的英语学习和使用者受到母语的干扰和影响套用汉语规则和习惯而在英语交际中出现的不合规范或不合乎英语文化习惯的畸形英语。 中式英语Yes?No?七成网友赞成中式英语使用

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