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首页 英语专业四级易混淆词汇辨析

英语专业四级易混淆词汇辨析.ppt

英语专业四级易混淆词汇辨析

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2019-06-20 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语专业四级易混淆词汇辨析ppt》,可适用于综合领域

专四易混淆词汇辨析曹宏伟专四的易混淆词汇有两种:形近词近义词deceive,perceive,receive,receiptHehisfriendsabouthisincomeShehasthedangerOurTVwellsincewehadanewantennaputonIaskedforadeceive,perceive,receive,receiptDeceive:欺骗蒙骗Hedeceivedhisfriendsabouthisincome他在自己的收入问题上欺骗了朋友。Perceive:感觉察觉领悟Shehasperceivedthedanger她已觉察到那危险了。Receive:收到接待OurTVreceiveswellsincewehadanewantennaputon自从安装了新天线以来,我们的电视接收良好。Receipt:收据发票Iaskedforareceipt我要一张发票。consult,result,insultHetheworkerstounderstandthetechnicalprocessThewasquiteoppositetowhatwehadexpectedHeturnedcrimsonundertheconsult,result,insultConsult:咨询商议Heconsultedtheworkerstounderstandthetechnicalprocess他询问工人,想了解技术上的程序。Result:结果效果Theresultwasquiteoppositetowhatwehadexpected结果和我们所期望的完全相反。Insult:侮辱,冒犯Heturnedcrimsonundertheinsults他的脸因受到侮辱而涨得通红。Deduce,reduce,reproduceOnthebasisofevidencewethathewasguiltyHewon'ttherentofourhouseRabbitsquicklyDeduce,reduce,reproduceDeduce:推论,演绎Onthebasisofevidencewededucedthathewasguilty根据这些证据我们推断他是有罪的。Reduce:减少降低Hewon'treducetherentofourhouse他不肯减少我们住房的租金。Reproduce:复制繁殖Rabbitsreproducequickly兔子繁殖速度很快。compose,dispose,proposeThesetwelvemenarebelievedtothejuryHehisbooksontheshelvesTheytomakearrangementbeforehandcompose,dispose,proposeCompose:组成,构成,创作Thesetwelvemenarebelievedtocomposethejury据信,陪审团是由这人组成的。Dispose处理布置Hedisposedhisbooksontheshelves把书籍排列在书架上。Propose:提议求婚Theyproposedtomakearrangementbeforehand他们提议事先做好安排。radius,radium,radiateHehasvisitedeveryshopwithinaoftwomilescanbeusedtotreatcancerThesunlightandheatradius,radium,radiateRadius:半径Hehasvisitedeveryshopwithinaradiusoftwomiles周围两英里以内的店铺他都去过。Radium:〈化〉镭Radiumcanbeusedtotreatcancer镭可以用来治疗癌症。Radiate:发射出(光、热等)向四周伸出Thesunradiateslightandheat太阳散发光和热。assist,consist,resist,insist,persistHeindesigningthenewbridgeAuniversityofteachers,ministratorsandstudentsLackofpropernourishmenttheirpowertoresistdiseaseIwillhaveanotherglassifyouOnthetopsofveryhighmountainssnowthroughouttheyearassist,consist,resist,insist,persistAssist:援助Heassistedindesigningthenewbridge他协助设计那条新桥。consist:组成构成Auniversityconsistsofteachers,administratorsandstudents大学由教师,行政人员和学生组成。Resist:抵制对抗Lackofpropernourishmentreducestheirpowertoresistdisease营养不良降低了他们抵抗疾病的能力。Insist:坚持要求坚持认为Iwillhaveanotherglassifyouinsist你这样坚持我就再喝一杯。Persist:坚持存留Onthetopsofveryhighmountainssnowpersiststhroughouttheyear高山顶上,积雪终年不化。Statue,statusStatue:雕像StatueofLiberty自由女神Status:地位、身份情形、状况Agehasstatusinthevillages在乡村里年长者受人尊敬。Weallareinterestedinthestatusofworldaffairs我们都关心世界形势。Affect,defect,effect,infectAffect:影响Thetaxincreaseshaveaffectedusall加税已经影响了我们所有的人。Defect:缺点、瑕疵Wemustcorrectourdefectsassoonaspossible我们必须尽快纠正我们的缺点。Effect:效果、影响Whendoesthenewlawcomeintoeffect新法律何时生效?Infect:感染、影响Mary'shighspiritsinfectedallthegirlsintheclass玛丽的兴致感染了全班的女孩。Conserve,deserve,observe,preserveConserve:保护,保藏,保存Conserveyourenergy,you'llneedit!保存你的精力,你会用得着的!Deserve:应受值得Whatcrimehavetheycommittedtodeservesuchcruelty他们犯了什么错竟遭如此惩罚?Observe:观察研究遵循Heobservescarefullybutsayslittle他总是仔细观察,很少说话。Preserve:保护维持Wemustpreserveournaturalresources我们必须保护自然资源。transport,transform,transactionAbususfromtheairporttothecityThesofacanforuseasabedBuyingahouseisanimportantformostpeopletransport,transform,transactionTransport:运输运送Abustransportedusfromtheairporttothecity一辆公共汽车把我们从飞机场送到城里。Transform::改变变形Thesofacantransformforuseasabed这个沙发可改作床用。Transaction:交易办理Buyingahouseisanimportanttransactionformostpeople买房子对大多数人来讲都是件重要的事。Explore:探索勘察Wemustexploreallthepossibilities我们必须探讨所有的可能性。Exploit:剥削开发利用Weshallexploitourrichresourcetoexpandtheeconomy我们应该利用我们丰富的资源发展经济。Comprehensive:综合的全面的Wehavearathercomprehensivesubwaysystemhere我们这儿有相当广泛的地铁系统。Comprehension:理解(力)It'squitepastmycomprehension这件事已远超出我的理解力了。spontaneous,simultaneousTobethoroughlyenjoyed,readingmustbeentirelyWeneedainterpreterspontaneous,simultaneousSpontaneous:自发的无意识的Tobethoroughlyenjoyed,readingmustbeentirelyspontaneous一个人读书必须出其自然才能够彻底享受读书的乐趣。Simultaneous:同时发生的Weneedasimultaneousinterpreter我们需要一个同声翻译。Record,accord,cordialSomeofancientcivilizationwerediscoveredrecentlyYourviewsarenotinwithmineTheycametoanthatprofitsshouldbesharedequallyThebanquetwasfullofandfriendlyatmosphereRecord,accord,cordialRecord:记录Somerecordsofancientcivilizationwerediscoveredrecently最近发现了一些古代文明的记录。Accord:n一致符合Yourviewsarenotinaccordwithmine你的观点与我的不一致。Theycametoanaccordthatprofitsshouldbesharedequally他们达成协议,收益由大家均分。Cordial:热诚的友好的Thebanquetwasfullofcordialandfriendlyatmosphere宴会始终充满亲切友好的气氛scare,sacred,scarcescare:v恐吓adj吓人的We'llscareheroutoftellingthepolice我们要把她吓得不敢报警。sacred神圣的不可冒犯的InAfricathesnakeisstillsacredwithmanytribes非洲许多部落仍认为蛇是不可冒犯的。scarce缺乏的Thefoodwasscarceduringthewar战争期间食物短缺。reject拒绝inject注射reflect反射反映eject逐出弹出Thepatronofthebarwasejectedforcreatingadisturbance酒吧客人因制造骚乱而被驱离。inflect弯曲,转向Byinflectthevoicemoreonecanholdtheattentionofanaudience讲话声音有些抑扬变化可以吸引住听众的注意力。Instinct,distinct,extinctinstinct本能Thesightofthehopelesslittleboyarousedhermaternalinstincts那个绝望的小男孩的模样唤起了她的母性。distinct清楚的截然不同的Thepartysplitintotwodistinctgroups该党分裂成两个截然不同的团体。extinct灭绝的消逝的Nothingcouldrekindleherextinctpassion她激情已逝,无从心回意转。adapt,adopt,adeptadapt是动词其意为“改编改变……以适应”。Alllifeisaboutchangeyoueitheradaptordie生命在于变化要么适应要么死亡。adopt也是动词其意为“收养采纳采用”。Theresolutionwasadoptedbyanoverwhelmingmajority决议以压倒多数通过。adept是形容词其意为“擅长的有技巧的”。Unfortunately,Iammoreadeptatspendingmoneythanmakingit不幸的是我花钱的本事远远大于我挣钱的本事altitude,aptitude,attitude,latitudealtitude高度,海拔(analtitudeof,metersabovesealevel海拔,米)aptitude才能,智力,倾向,习性attitude态度,看法latitude纬度(longitude经度)Valid,vain,vacant,vaguevalid有效的有充分根据的。Thecontractisvalidforsixmonthsvain无益的徒然的自负的。Shemadeavainattempttopersuadehimtocomebackvacant空的未被占用的空虚的。Heappliedforavacantpositionvague不清楚的含糊的茫然的。Ihaven’tthevaguestideaofwhattheywant专四的易混淆词汇有两种:形近词近义词声称断定assert“宣称坚持”指不管事实如何主观自信地宣称claim“声称主张”往往表示说话者反对或不同意某一观点或指根据某种规定提出的要求或主张allege“宣称断定”指在无真实凭据情况下宣称affirm“断言肯定”指根据事实坚信不移地宣称而且有可靠证据任何时候都不动摇成就achievement指需要勇气和努力才能完成的异常危险和困难的事其结果令人佩服accomplishment指需要学问或付出一定劳动后才能且已经完成的或做好了的事feat“功绩技艺壮举”指需要极大的勇气、智慧和力量或技术获得的成就这一成就受人瞩目和佩服抛弃放弃abandon指完全、永远地放弃尤其指对其负有责任或义务者或者放弃一个项目或计划。desert强调故意违背自己的义务、责任或誓言等forsake指遗弃以前所爱的人或事物着重于断绝情感上的依恋quit强调突然或出其不意的放弃一般指“停止”giveup多用于口头表示停止做某Atfourteenherunaway,hishomeandfriendHehiswifeandwentawaywithalltheirmoneyTheforthadbeenhurriedlyYoumustsmoking,oryouwon’tsurviveOnefriendofminehasdecidedtohishighlypaidbutdemandingpositioninhiscompanyrecentlyforsakeabandoneddesertgiveupquit废除取消abolish指完全消除某项旧制度、法律或旧风俗等cancel指某人因某种意想不到的原因而临时取消事前所决定的事eliminate指淘汰或取消不需要的东西TheflighttoTokyoisbecauseofthestormWemustunnecessaryexpensePresidentLincolnworkedtoslaverycancelledeliminateabolish准确精确exact确切的精确的指数量或质量完全符合事实、真理或标准没有丝毫差错correct正确的指合乎一定的标准或规矩没有错误precise精密的指具有高度的精确性和准确性accurate准确的精确的指某人或某事不仅不出错而且与事实无出入。dressforsomeceremoniesisnecessaryforthosewhoalwaysattendthemIsyourwatchIsupposeit’sminutesslowKeepthisinstrumentawayfrominsolation(暴晒)andaquosity(潮湿)Ican’ttellyouthedate,butitshouldbearoundOctcorrectaccuratepreciseexact谁会做这道题?MaryhopestobefromhospitalnextweekA     dismissedB     dischargedC     expelledD    resigned dismissendtheemploymentorserviceofallowtoleave:bedismissedfromschoolserviceclassdischarge release,asfromconfinement,care,orduty:dischargeapatientdischargeasoldierbedischargedfromhospitalmilitaryservicefromprisonofficeexpel forcetoleavedepriveofmembership:beexpelledfromacountryschoolresign giveup(aposition,forexample),especiallybyformalnotification:resignfromcabinetcommitteerange,reach,scope,compass,scale这是一组表示“范围”的名词其侧重点各有不同。range代表的是一个可以测量的范围在这个范围内包括一系列可变化的数量。range还特指视力、听力所能达到的距离和枪炮的射程。reach特指伸手可达到的距离或非常近的距离其比喻含义指能力、权力、影响等可达到的范围。scope指人们所处理、研究的事物的“范围”以及所掌握、控制的“面积”。scope的比喻含义指的是所掌握的知识的宽度即“眼界见识”。compass在意义上与scope相同是正式用语表示活动、兴趣、能力的“界限范围”。scale特指刻度、标度的范围也指品级、级别的规模和大小的范围:Thebirdnowcamewithinmyrangeofvision那只小鸟飞入了我的视野。Keepthepillsoutofthereachofthechildren!把药放到孩子们够不到的地方!IsRomanticisminthescopeofyourbook你的书涉及到浪漫主义吗Constructionisnotwithinthecompassofthedepartment工程建设不属这个部门管辖。Thisthermometerhastwoscalesmarkedonit,oneinFahrenheitandtheotherinCentigrade温度计上有两种刻度一种是华氏另一种是摄氏。edge,border,rim,verge这组词皆有“边边缘”之意。edge通常指某物一边的边线、两个平面的交界线以及各种界线其引申含义表示两个处于不同性质或状态之间的明显界线特指处在不利状态下的边缘。border意为“边界边境国境”也可以指装饰周边的“边”。rim意思是“边边缘”尤指圆形或近似圆形的物体的边缘。verge特指道路、花坛等长着草的“边缘”。Thisisthenorthedgeofthefield这是这块地的北边线。Theplaneflewacrosstheborder飞机飞越了边境。Hewearsapairofspectacleswithgoldrims他戴一副金丝边眼镜。Shewasonthevergeofspeakingoutthesecret她差点儿把秘密说出来。恼怒annoy指由于被迫忍受某种不愉快甚至讨厌的事情而失去耐心或沉着(beannoyedatbysthbeannoyedwithsb对某人某事很生气)furious狂怒的(befuriouswithsbbefuriousataboutsth对某人某事大发雷霆)indignant强调的是愤怒,愤慨,愤愤不平irritate指一再打扰某人,终于使其失去耐心而发怒provoke激怒(人,动物),使生气(provokesbtodointodoing刺激某人做某事)admit,allow,permit,approve的用法区别admit的意思是“同意进入允许进入”(经常与to连用)。Latecomerswillnotbeadmitteduntiltheinterval迟到者在休息时间方可入场allow泛指“一般性同意允许”。Passengersarenotallowedtosmoke乘客不得吸烟。permit常用来表示“上下级之间的允许批准”。Theprisonerswerepermittedtwohours’exerciseaday允许犯人每天有两小时户外活动。approve的主要意思是“批准(条文协议等)赞同”(常与of连用)。Iapproveofyourtryingtoearnsomemoney,butpleasedon’tneglectyourstudies我同意你去挣一些钱可是请不要误了功课。sense,sensitive,sensible,sensationalSense:感觉感官Sensitive:敏感的Donotbesensitive! 别神经过敏!Sensible:明智的理性的Thatseemstobeasensibleidea那似乎是个明智的主意。Sensational:轰动性的耸人听闻的Newspaperreportstheincidentsensational,makesitappearworsethanitreallybe 报纸大肆渲染这件事描述得更不像话。Respectable,respectful,respectiveRespectable:值得尊敬的体面的Hewishestostraightenupandleadarespectablelife 他希望改邪归正过体面的生活。Respectful:恭敬的有礼貌的Heisrespectfultohiselders他对长辈很尊敬。Respective:各自的分别的Afterthepartyweallgoofftoourrespectiveroom聚会之后我们回到各自的房间。

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