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首页 (英语)步步高大一轮复习讲义Book4 Unit3

(英语)步步高大一轮复习讲义Book4 Unit3.ppt

(英语)步步高大一轮复习讲义Book4 Unit3

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2019-06-20 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《(英语)步步高大一轮复习讲义Book4 Unit3ppt》,可适用于综合领域

performerperformanceordinaryhomelessamusereactgestureboredUnit AtasteofEnglishhumour基础落实Ⅰ词汇与派生.pə′fɔːmən.表演者演出者→n.表演节目.′ɔːdənərIadj平常的普通的.′həʊmləsadj无家的.ə′mjuːzvt逗乐使发笑.rI′æktvi做出反应回应.′dʒestʃən.姿态手势vi做手势.bɔːdadj厌烦的whisperconvincefailurethroughoutcontentoutstandingparticular.′wIspəv.n.耳语密谈.kən′vInsvt使确信说服.′feIljən.故障失败(者).θruː′aʊtprepadv遍及贯穿到处全部.kən′tentadjnvt满意的满足使满足.aʊt′stændIŋadj突出的杰出的显著的.pə′tIkjʊləadj特殊的特别的occasionexplanationdetectiveentertaincomedyfortunefortunate.ə′keIʒənn.时刻场合.|eksplə′neIʃnn.解释讲解说明.dI′tektIvn.侦探.entertainment|entə′teInməntn.款待娱乐表演会→v.使欢乐款待.′kɒmIdIn.喜剧.′fɔːtʃuːnn.机遇好运运气→adj幸运的语境助记词不离句句不离段PeopleareparticularlyamusedandcontentwiththehumourousperformanceswithbodygesturesOnnooccasionaretheordinarypeopleboredwithentertainmentTheyareconvincedthatcomedybringsthemmuchfortuneoutoffwellwithtobyⅡ短语与拓展.pick挑出辨别出.badly穷的缺少的off宽裕富有.befeelcontent对……满足.upnow直到现在now到现在为止intoaboutcomeacrossoutrunfuntimes.break破门而入.bring引起about发生.come偶遇.give分发耗尽out用完.makeof取笑.at有时AsweexpectedⅢ句式与运用.AsVictorHugooncesaid“Laughteristhesunthatdriveswinterfromthehumanface”anduptonownobodyhasbeenabletodothisbetterthanCharlieChaplin维克多·雨果曾经说过:“笑容如同太阳能驱走人们脸上冬日的严寒。”关于这一点直到今天也没有人能比查理·卓别林做得更好。句式分析 as引导定语从句代替后面句子的内容。句式仿写 正如我们所期待的那样他们及时地来帮助我们。theycametohelpusintimeleavinghiswifenothingbut.UnfortunatelyhisfatherdiedleavingthefamilyevenworseoffsoCharliespenthischildhoodlookingafterhissickmotherandhisbrother不幸的是他的父亲去世了整个家庭的状况更糟了所以查理在童年时期就要照顾生病的母亲和年幼的弟弟。句式分析 leavingthefamilyevenworseoff是一个结果状语表示自然的结果。leave+宾语+宾补意为“使……处于某种状态”。句式仿写 他去世后只给他妻子留下了一座破房子。HediedanoldhousethatIhaveread.Theactingissoconvincingthatitmakesyoubelievethatitisoneofthebestmealshehasevertasted!(卓别林的)这场表演是那么有说服力以致于你会认为这顿饭是他所吃过的最美味的一餐!句式分析 oneof+最高级+名词复数+定语从句。句式仿写 这是我读过的最好的书之一。ThisisoneofthebestbooksCⅣ高考源于教材Charliefirstpicksoutthelacesandeatsthemasiftheywerespaghetti(教材原句)Samsomeknowledgeofthecomputerjustbywatchingothersworkingonit(·山东)A.broughtupB.lookedupC.pickedupD.setup解析 句意为:Sam只通过观察别人用电脑就学到了一些电脑知识。bringup提出养育呕吐lookup查询查阅pickup自然而然地或无意中学会setup建立创立。IhavesomedifficultyinunderstandingwhyheiswillingtobeateacherinourvillageThereissomethinginparticularformyChineseteacherⅤ单元知识活用翻译句子.我的语文老师有点特别。(inparticular).我很难明白他为什么愿意在我们村里当教师。(havedifficultyindoingsth)OnedaywhenIexpressedmydissatisfactionwitheverythingaroundmehetoldmethatIshouldbecontentwithwhatIownedOurschoolwasbadlyoffforfundwhenhecamehereHetalkswithushearttoheartattimes.当他来时我们学校缺少资金。(badlyoff).有时他和我们诚心交谈。(attimes).一天当我对周围的一切表达不满时他对我说:“你应该满足你拥有的一切”。(becontentwith)连句成篇用适当的关联词或句将上述句子连接成文ThereissomethinginparticularformyChineseteacherForexampleIhavesomedifficultyinunderstandingwhyheiswillingtobeateacherinourvillageWhenhecamehereourschoolwasbadlyoffforfundHecaresaboutusverymuchandhetalkswithushearttoheartattimesOnedaywhenIexpressedmydissatisfactionwitheverythingaroundmehetoldmethatIshouldbecontentwithwhatIownedwhichimpressedmegreatlywithto考点探究重点单词.contentadj满足的满意的n内容目录容量满足vt使满足becontenttodosth乐于做某事,becontent对……满足满意contentoneselfwith满足于使(某人)自己对……感到满足one’sheart’scontent心满意足地尽情地contentedherselfwith()Itwasbelievedthatnobodycouldbeharmedbydrinkingthecontentsofaunicorn’shorn(·江西阅读理解A)人们相信没有人会因为饮用独角兽角内的东西而受到伤害。()Myapologyseemedtocontenthim我的道歉好像使他感到满意。()Martinaasingleglassofwine玛蒂娜只喝一杯葡萄酒就心满意足了。occasionallyononeonanoccasiononthatoccasion.occasionn.时刻场合adv偶尔间或occasion有时偶尔onthisthatoccasion在这个那个时候onoccasion曾经有一个时候theoccasionof在……的时候在……之际benotfor不是……的时候()Heonoccasionmakessmallmistakes他有时犯点小错误。()Iseemtorememberthathewaswithhiswife我好像记得那个时候他和他的妻子在一起。particularlyin.particularadj特别的特殊的独特的讲究的苛求的详细的n细节详情adv特别尤其particular特别详细beparticularaboutover对……过分讲究注意 particular作“特别的特殊的”讲时没有比较级和最高级。当particular作名词表示“细节详情”时是可数名词常用复数形式。Forparticularsissoparticularabout()WildcampingisnotpermittedinmanyplacesparticularlyincrowdedlowlandBritain(·北京阅读理解E)野外宿营在许多地方都不被允许尤其是在人口密集的英国低地。()applytotheinformationdesk详情请向问讯台询问。()Sheherhouseworkthatservantswillnotworkforher她对家务活太挑剔了以致于佣人们不愿给她干活。()Ienjoyedinparticularthesong我特别欣赏这首歌。convincingconvincedofpersuade.convincevt使信服使确信adj使人信服的有说服力的adj信服的相信的convincesbsth使某人相信某事convincesbtodosth说服某人做某事convincesb+that­clause使某人相信……talkarguesbtodosth说服某人做某事beconvincedof坚信确信convincehimtosee()Weconvincedourselvestoopenasecondstore(·山东阅读理解C)我们说服自己开了第二家店。()You’llneedtoconvincethemofyourenthusiasmforthejob你要使他们相信你殷切希望得到这份工作。()I’vebeentryingtoadoctor我一直劝他去看病。entertainmententertainingwithentertainmentmuchentertaining.entertainv.使欢乐款待n.招待娱乐adj愉快的entertainsb用……使某人快乐entertainsb(tosth)宴客招待款待某人aplaceofentertainment娱乐场所provideforsb给某人提供娱乐toone’sentertainment使某人非常快乐的是anplay一部有趣的戏剧entertainedwithMuchtoourentertainmententertainmententertainedus()Suchgamesareentertainingandfun(·天津阅读理解B)这些游戏很有娱乐性也很有意思。()Hethechildrenastory他以一个故事来吸引那些孩子。()Thehostessentertainedtengueststotea女主人以茶招待名客人。语境活用(使我们非常快乐的是)henotonlyprovided(娱乐)forusbutalso(招待我们)toarichdinnercontentparticularlyoccasionentertainconvince对点训练Ⅰ语境填词.Weshouldnever(满足)ourselveswithwhatwehavelearned.Be(特别)carefulwhendrivingatnight.IsawBobplaythepianoatJohn’spartyandonthat(在……时候)hewassimplybrilliant.Heoftenlistenstothemusicinhissparetimeto(使欢乐)himself.Hecouldn’t(使……信服)hisfatherthatJohnwastellingthetruthCⅡ单项填空.HewaspresentedwiththematchhisretirementA.whenB.onthatoccasionC.ontheoccasionofD.onoccasion解析 此处意思应为“在他退休的时候”when后应跟句子ontheoccasionof在……的时候符合句意。C.TherichwomanistiredofcitylifesosheistoliveinthecountryA.afraidB.unwillingC.contentD.tiring解析 句意为:这位富有的妇人厌倦了城市生活因此她愿意住在农村。becontenttodosth乐于做某事符合题意。C.ScientistsareconvincedthepositiveeffectoflaughterphysicalandmentalhealthA.ofatB.byinC.ofonD.onat解析 beconvincedofsth坚信某事……theeffectonsth对于某事的影响由此搭配形式可知C项正确。D.ThewinnerofthematchsaidthathehadowedhissuccesstomanypeoplehisparentsA.afterallB.bychanceC.onpurposeD.inparticular解析 afterall毕竟终究bychance偶然地onpurpose故意地inparticular特别。句意为:这场比赛的获胜者把他的成功归功于许多人特别是他的父母。C.TheaudienceweresobyhishumorousperformancethattheykeptlaughingallthetimeA.movedB.frightenedC.entertainedD.shocked解析 由后面的keptlaughing可知此处应是“快乐的”beentertained快乐的。worseworsefromtoto重点短语与句型.bebadlyoff穷的缺少的()bewelloff境况很好富裕bebetteroff境况较好beworseoff更穷的()and越来越坏每况愈下gobadworse越来越坏每况愈下makemattersworse=(and)whatisworse而更糟糕的是welloff()Iamquitebadlyoffrecently最近我经济上很拮据。()Markhaslosthisjobandisworseoffthanever马克的工作丢了情况比以前更糟糕。()Jackhasjustboughtanothernewcarhemustbevery杰克又买了一辆新车他一定很富裕。upwithchoose.pickout挑出辨别出pickup拾起捡起收拾整理(偶然)学会用车接某人收听好转取回picksb结识某人pickand挑三拣四pickedup()Acompetitionwasheldtopickoutthebesttabletennisplayer为选拔出最好的乒乓球选手举行了一场比赛。()ShesoonFrenchwhenshewenttoliveinFrance她到法国居住后很快就学会了法语。.soCharliespenthischildhoodlookingafterhissickmotherandhisbrother……因此查理在童年时期就要照顾生病的母亲和年幼的弟弟。句式提取:sbspend(时间、金钱、劳动力等)onsthindoingsth某人花费(时间、金钱、劳动力等)在某事做某事spentwriting用来表达“花费”的句型:sthcost(s)sb+时间、金钱、劳动力、努力、牺牲等名词……花了某人……sbpay(s)moneyforsth某人花钱买某物sbbuy(s)sthfor+money某人以……的代价买……()Hedoesn’tspendmuchtimeonhishomework他花在作业上的时间不多。()Hehalfayear(in)ashortplay他用半年时间写了一个短剧。()Ittookheralotofmoneytobuythatcoat买那件大衣她花了不少钱。costspentpaytookspendcosttakepay易混辨析()spendsometimemoney(in)doingsthonsth花费时间金钱做某事一般用人作主语。()sthcost(s)sb某物花费某人……一般用物作主语。()Ittakessbsometimemoneytodosth花费某人时间金钱做某事it为形式主语todo不定式是真正的主语。()sbpayssomemoneyforsth某人付钱买……。用spendcosttakepay的适当形式填空()Howmuchdoesityoutobuythebook()Itendaystravellingintheisland()HowmuchdidyoufortheTVset()Iknowityoumuchtimetogetitdone正要……,这时…….Suchtrainingwascommoninactingfamiliesatthistimeespeciallywhenthefamilyincomewasoftenuncertain这样的训练在当时的演员家庭中是很普遍的尤其是在家庭收入经常不稳定的时候。句式提取:when引导时间状语when通常用于下列句型表示“就在这时突然”eqblcrc}(avsalco(beabouttodowhen,hadjustdonewhen,beonthepointofdoingwhen))wasabouttowhenleavingthepoint()Ileaveitbegantorain=Iwasonofleavingwhenitbegantorain我正准备离开这时突然下雨了。()Wewereabouttohavebreakfastwhenhecamethismorning=Wewerehavingonthepointofhavingbreakfastwhenhecamethismorning今天早上我们正要吃饭这时他来了。wasworseoffpickedoutpickup对点训练Ⅰ选词填空eqx(pickoutbebadlyoffpickup).LastmonthIwenttovisitmyoldfriendandfoundhislivingconditionthanmine.Shewasfromdozensofapplicantsforthejob.ThebusstoppedtopassengersIspendtoomuchtimewatchingtelevisionIwasjustabouttoaskyouwhenyouwantedtoaskmeⅡ翻译句子.我看电视花的时间太多。.我刚要问你时你正要问我。CⅢ单项填空.WetherewhenittorainA.wouldgetbeganB.weregettingwouldbeginC.wereabouttogetbeganD.hadgothadbegun解析 beabouttowhen为固定句型意为“正要……这时……”。D.ItwassodarkinthecinemathatIcouldhardlymyfriendA.turnoutB.bringoutC.calloutD.pickout解析 由句意可知此处应是“辨别出”pickout辨别出符合句意。C.ThoughhewashelookeddownuponthosewhohadalotofmoneyA.welloffB.richC.badlyoffD.well­known解析 句意为:虽然他很穷但他看不起那些有很多钱的人。可知选C。C.AccordingtoarecentUSsurveychildrenspentuptohoursaweekTVA.towatchB.towatchingC.watchingD.watch解析 spend+time+(in)doingsth花费时间做某事。A.MaryalotofSpanishbyplayingwiththenativeboysandgirlsA.pickedupB.tookupC.madeupD.turnedup解析 由句意可知此处应是“(偶然)学会”pickup(偶然)学会符合句意。写作提升句子间、段落间的衔接、过渡与写作训练()二、段落间的过渡词同样地段落与段落之间使用过渡词也会使段落间的意思更加紧凑联系更加紧密从而使文章成为有机的、密不可分的整体。段落间的连接可以分为以下几种情况:.表示列举或递进关系。常用的过渡词有:first(ly)second(ly)third(ly)thenbesidesfurthermoremoreover等。例如:Ourschoolhasformedagroupof“Howtogetridofthepollutionoftheriver”.NowIwouldliketogiveoursuggestionsonhowtodealwiththesubjectFirstweshouldmakesomeinvestigationsturntoourteachersforhelpandconsultsomeexpertsWemayalsogototheInternettocollectsomeinformationSecondweshouldhandinareportontheriverpollutionandtellthepublicouropinionsThirdweshouldingroupscleanupthewastethingsontheriverduringtheholidaystrytoplantsometreesalongtheriverandsetupsomebulletinboardstowarnpeoplenottopollutethesurroundings.表示段落间的对比或对照关系。常用的过渡词有:howeverontheotherhandincontrastonthecontrary等。例如:ThetravelingcrazecanbeattributedtothefollowingreasonsFirstlythepeople’slivingconditionshavebeenimprovedgreatlysothatmanypeoplecanaffordtotravelSecondlythehigherrequirementforqualityoflifemakestravelingoneofthemostimportantamusementsamongtheaveragepeopleHoweverOntheotherhandthetravelingcrazecausesmanyproblemssuchasthehigherpricesforalltraveling­relatedaspectstheovercrowdedscenicspotsthelowerqualityofservicesetc.表示总结关系。常见的过渡词有:inconclusiontosumupthereforeinaword等。例如:stcenturyisthecenturyoftechnologyNowadaystechnologyiseverywherearoundusThedevelopmentoftechnologyhasasignificanteffectonsocietySeveraltechnologiesthatweusuallyusearetheInternetcomputersandcellphonesThesenewtechnologiesmakeourlifemucheasierandbetterFirstthedevelopmentofcomputerchangesourlifeAlsotheInternetisanotherusefultoolforustodayInconclusionTosumupIbelievethedevelopmentoftechnologybringssignificantimpacttoourlifeItisveryhelpfultousandIbelievetechnologywillkeepimprovinginthefutureFirstSecondMoreover【体验写作】在空白处填上适当的连接词或过渡词使句子、段落间的衔接更加紧密.IThelpsusinmanyways()itcaninformusoflotsofinformation()itcanmakeusworkfasterandmoreeffectively()withitshelpwecanhavemoretimetohavefunInfactHoweverBut.Asapopularsayinggoes“Timeismoney”()timeismorepreciousthanmoneyWhenmoneyisspentyoucanearnitbackifyouwantto()whentimeisgoneitwillnevercomebackAsthepaceofmodernlifecontinuestoacceleratethetimewecanuseisquitelimited()therearealotofthingstodoinourlivesWeshouldmakefulluseofourtimetofulfillwhatisusefultousForinstanceButTherefore()asstudentsweshoulddevotemostofourtimetoouracademicstudiesInthiswaywecanacquirenewknowledgeandskillsnecessaryforourfuturecareersInmyopinionwastingtimemeanswastingourvaluablelives()manyofusdon’trealizethisTheythinktimeisendlessI’mnotinfavorofsuchaview()myconclusionisthatweshouldneverputoffwhatcanbedonetodayuntiltomorrowForonethingFurthermoreMoreover.ForeigncarsareoftenmoreexpensiveintheUnitedStatesthanAmerican­madecars()foreigncarscostmoretobuyOfcoursetherearereasonsforthisThequalityofworkmanshipthatgoesintomakingthemisveryhighThenhightariffs(关税)onmanyforeignmodelshaveraisedprices()foreigncarsoftencostmoretoregisterInadditioninsuranceratescanbehigher()partsandrepaircostsaremuchgreaterthanthoseofAmericancarsHoweverFirstSecondButand返回()therearesomefinancialadvantagesofowningforeigncars()manyofthemgetbettergasmileage()theyneednewtireslessoftenthanAmericancarsdo()theirresalevalueishigherThepriceofa­year­oldforeigncarmaybeonly$lessthanwhatitcostsnow()thepricefora­year­oldAmericancarwillbearound$,less

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