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首页 英语学科高考情态动词语法专项复习课件

英语学科高考情态动词语法专项复习课件.ppt

英语学科高考情态动词语法专项复习课件

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2019-06-20 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语学科高考情态动词语法专项复习课件ppt》,可适用于综合领域

年高考英语专项指导情态动词的运用是高考英语几乎每年必考的要点。根据近几年对高考题的分析主要归纳为以下几个考查热点:情态动词表示推测情态动词havedone结构特定的语气情态动词基本用法一情态动词表示推测的用法情态动词可用来表示推测,语气从强到弱的顺序是:1.must所表示的可能性最大最有把握意为“一定”。2.can和could主要用于否定句和疑问句中can’t或couldn’t表示“不可能”3.may和might表示现在或将来可能发生的动作或情况主要用于肯定句中might相对于may来说表示的可能性更小一些。mustshouldcanmaycouldmight。ShemaynotbeathomeShecan’tbeathomeTheyshouldbethererightnowAt this moment, our teacher must be correcting our exam papers情态动词do表示对现在或将来的情况的推测情态动词bedoing。表示对正在进行的情况的推测The road is wetItmusthaverainedlastnightThere is nobody here They must have all gonehomemustmaymighthavedone表示对过去情况推测(肯定可能也许已经…)AreyoucomingtoJeff’spartyI’mnotsureIgototheconcertinstead(NMET)AmustBwouldCshouldDmightMarybeinParisforIsawherinthetownonlyafewminutesago.A.mustn'tB.can'tC.shouldn'tD.maynotBDthenewsbetrueNo,itbetrueACan,can’tBMay,can’tCMay,maynotDMust,mustn’t注意:may和might都不用于疑问句中。(正)Can/Coulditbecloudytomorrow?(误)May/Mightitbecloudytomorrow?AThechildrenmusthavewateredthetomatoesyesterday,they﹖TheministermusthavearrivedinShanghai,hehe﹖didn’thasn’tYoucan’tbeserious,youare拓展二情态动词havedone表示对过去所发生事情的推测或带有某种语气Ididn’thearthephoneImusthavebeenasleepmusthavedone(过去)肯定一定…(用于肯定句中)*Therewerealreadyfivepeopleinthecar,buttheymanagedtotakemeaswellItcouldn’thavebeenacomfortablejourneycan’tcouldn’thavedone(过去)不可能…●Hemaynothavefinishedtheexercises,I’mafraidYoucouldhavedonebetter,butyoudidn’ttryyourbestmaymighthavedone(过去)或许可能做…(用于肯定或否定句中)couldhavedone(过去)本能够做(用于肯定或否定句中,带有责备、劝告之意)●Whenwegottothecinema,thefilmhadn’tstarted,soweneedn’thaveworried●Marydidn’tturnuplastnight,didsheNo,shedidn’tneedtocomeWehadchangedourplanneedn’thavedone(过去)本来不必做…(没有必要做而实际上也没做)Sheshouldn’thavetakenawaymytape,forIwantedtouseitshouldoughttohavedone(过去)本应该做(而实际上未做),用于否定句时则表示过去不该做的事反而做了(带有后悔、埋怨或责备的语气)。(陕西)Asyouworkedlateyesterday,youhavecomethismorningBmaynotCcan’tDmustn’tAAneedn’t◆(全国)MrWhiteat:forthemeeting,buthedidn’tshowupBshouldarriveCshouldhadarrivedDshouldbearriving◆(福建)I’lltellMarryabouthernewjobtomorrowYouherlastweekAoughttotellBcouldhavetoldCmusttellAshouldhavearrivedDshouldhavetoldAD(福建)Catherine,IhavecleanedtheroomforyouThanksYouitIcouldmanageitmyselfAneedn’tdoCmustn’tdoDshouldn’thavedoneBneedn’thavedoneB(NMET)Hehavecompletedhisworkotherwise,hewouldn’tbeenjoyinghimselfbytheseasideAshouldCwouldn’tDcan’tBmustB(上海)MysistermethimattheGrandTheatreyesterday,soheyourlectureBneedn’thaveattendedCmustn’thaveattendedDshouldn’thaveattendedAcouldn’thaveattendedA三几个情态动词的特定语气Shall在疑问句中,用于第、人称,表示征求对方意见例如:Shallthedriverwaitoutside在肯定句中,用于第、人称,表示警告、允诺、命令或威胁例如:YoushallanswerforitifyougoonbehavinglikethatIfyouworkwell,youshallhaveariseHeshallbepunishedNobodyshallthrowawayrubbisheverywhere*ChurchillwarnedHitler“IfyoudaretoinvadeBritain,youshallpayforitwithgreatloss*(湖南)Excuseme,butIwanttouseyourcomputertotypeareportYoushan’thavemycomputerifyoudon’ttakecareofit用在法律、条约、规定时。*(上海)Ithasbeenannouncedthatcandidatesshallremainintheirseatsuntilallthepapershavebeencollected*(重庆)“Theinterestshallbedividedintofiveparts,accordingtotheagreementmadebybothsides”declaredthejudge*ThesignsaysallpaymentsshallbemadeincashShould据经验或事实来表达合理的推断。)Marytookdancingclassesforyearssheshouldbeanexcellentdancer)It’snearlyseveno’clockJackshouldbehereatanymoment)It’ssaidthatthereareplentyofhotelsinthattownThereshouldnotbeanydifficultyforyoutofindsomewheretostay表惊讶、惋惜、不满等情绪,常译为“竟然”*(上海)Youcan’timaginethatawellbehavedgentlemanshouldbesorude*I’msurprisedthatyoushouldhavedonesuchathing*NeverdidheexpectthattheconditionsshouldbesoterribleShould动词原形表虚拟,可省略*在表建议、要求、命令、主张等动词的宾语从句中。常见的动词有:insist,order,commandsuggest,advice,proposedemand,request,require,andaskandsoon例如:Mikeinsistedthatshedidn’tstealanythingand(should)notbescolded*用于Itissuggestedproposeddesiredstrangenecessaryimportantessentialnaturalapity等的主语从句中*用于表示建议、命令、主张、愿望、目的等名词后的表语从句和同位语从句中。如advice,suggestion,proposal,order,request,requirement,wish,desire,idea,aim等。例如(江苏)IthinkI’llgiveBobaringYouYouhaven’tbeenintouchwithhimforagesAwillBmayChavetoDshouldDMust偏要硬要。(全国Ⅱ、Ⅲ)John,lookatthetimeMustyouplaythepianoatsuchalatehour(天津)WhoisthegirlstandingoverthereWell,ifyoumustknow,hernameisMarry(浙江)CanIhaveawordwithyou,mumOh,dear,ifyouAcanCmayDshould(山东)MayIsmokehereIfyou,chooseaseatinthesmokingsectionAshouldBcouldCmayBmustDmustBDWhyyoualwaysleaveyourdirtyclothesinthebedroomAneedBcanCmayDmustDMust必须(上海)Childrenunderyearsofageinthatcountrymustbeunderadultsupervisionwheninapubliclibrary四情态动词基本用法CanCould用在否定句、疑问句、感叹句中常表推测、惊讶、怀疑、不相信的语气:)WhocanitbeItcan’tbehimHehasgonetoXi’an)HowcanyoubesocarelessWhatcanhepossiblymean(上海)HowyousaythatyoureallyunderstandthewholestoryifyouhavecoveredonlypartofthearticleBmustCneedDmayAcanA(全国卷II)Youbetiredyou’veonlybeenworkingforanhourAmustnotBwon’tDmaynot(全国卷I)ThereisnolightonTheyathomeBmustn’tCneedn’tDshouldn’tCcan’tAcan’tCA(福建)Ifitweren’tforthefactthatshesing,IwouldinvitehertothepartyAcouldn’tBshouldn’tDmightnot(四川)IsJackondutytodayItbehimIt’shisturntomorrowAmustn’tBwon’tDneedn’tCcan’tCcan’tCan在肯定句中使用表示)有时候的可能性:●TheWorldWideWebissometimesjokinglycalledtheWorldWideWaitbecauseitcanbeslow(浙江)●Hecanbefriendlyattimes)理论上的可能性,并不涉及具体某事是否真会发生,主要是说明人和事物的特征:Evenexpertdriverscanmakemistakes()Aleftluggageofficeisaplacewherebagscanbeleftforashorttime,especiallyatarailwaystationTrainingbyyourselfinagymcanbehighlydangerousBirdFlucanbedangerousMakingchoicesdifficult,especiallywhenthereisnoonetoturntoforadviceAmightBshouldDmustCcanC但是在表达具体某事实际发生的可能性时不可用can,用maymightcould)Hemaymightcouldbeinthelibrary)Asnowstormcanbeexciting,buttoomuchsnowcancausetrouble)ThisstormmaymightcouldlastseveraldaysCould表可能性,语气较弱表请求,较委婉。CouldyoulendmesomemoneyYes,Ican(上海)“CouldIcallyoubyyourfirstname”“Yes,youAwillBcouldDmightCmayCwasableto和could的区别Thefirespreadthroughthehotelveryquickly,buteveryonewasabletogetout(强调经过一番努力后成功做到某事*Hedidn’tagreewithmeatfirst,butIwasabletopersuadehim*Shecouldsingwhenshewasyoung(一般能力)Can的惯用语can’t(helpchoose)butv(不得不)Ican’thelpbutadmireyourbraverycan’thelpdoing区别can’thelp(to)docan’thelpit“Whyareyoucrying”“Ijustcan’thelpitcan’tcouldn’t与too,enough连用Youcan’tbetoocareful再…也不过分Ican’tthankyoutoomuchWillWould意志、愿望和决心。)Iwillneverdothatagain)Ifyouwillwaitoverforalongtime,MrSmith,Iwilltellourmanageryou’vearrived习惯、倾向多用于第三人称。HewillsittherehourafterhourdoingnothingBoyswillbeboys坚决拒绝。Iwon’tlistentoyournonsenseThedogwouldn’tstopbarking表临时的决定“Youforgottopostmyletter”“Sorry,IwillpostitUsedtodowoulddo)Sheisn’twhatsheusedtobe(表对比))WewouldsitintheyardeverySundayandlistentohisstory(表过去习惯性动作)MayMight表不确定的可能性)(NMET)“AreyoucomingtoJeff’sparty“I’mnotsureImightgototheconcertinstead)Petermaycomewithus,butheisn’tverysureyet用于祈使句,表示祝愿MayyoureturnsafeandsoundMayyoubehappy!maymightaswelldo……不妨,不如Nowthatyou’vegotsofarwiththework,youmightfinishitaswelldareandneed

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