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首页 高考名词性从句复习课件

高考名词性从句复习课件.ppt

高考名词性从句复习课件

中小学精品课件
2019-05-21 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《高考名词性从句复习课件ppt》,可适用于综合领域

WhenwewillstartisnotclearMrsBlackwon’tbelievethathersonhasbecomeathiefMyideaisthatweshoulddoitrightnowIhadnoideathatyouwereherfriend主语从句宾语从句表语从句同位语从句I名词性从句的种类II.语序问题Thephotographswillshowyou.AwhatdoesourvillagelooklikeBwhatourvillagelookslikeChowdoesourvillagelooklikeDhowourvillagelookslikeHeaskedforaviolinAdidIpayhowmuchBIpaidhowmuchChowmuchdidIpayDhowmuchIpaid在名词性从句中除了关联词在从句之首外其它部分应用的语序。请你归纳陈述句Ⅲ名词性从句的连接词一、主语从句连词that(无词义,不作成分,不能省略)whether(是否),if不能位于句首。ThathewillcomeandhelpusiscertainWhetherwewillsucceedisstillaquestionItisnotknownifhewillcome注意:已确定的事由that引导没决定的事由whether引导连接副词when(ever),where(ever),why,how(ever),howlong,howoften,howsoon,howfar,howmanymuch等WhenthetestwillbegivenisnotyetdecidedHowmuchwecanspendmustbeagreedon连接代词what,whatever,who,whoever,whose,which,whichever等WhatheishasnothingtodowithyouWhoseticketthisishasnotbeenfoundout特殊句式Ihate whenpeopletalkwiththeirmouthsfullAit BthatCtheseDthemIfeelstrangethatheshouldbesocarelessABitCthatDhowItworriedherabit herhairwasturninggreyA.whileBthatCif Dfor归纳为了使句子保持平衡常用it来代替主语从句或宾语从句而把主语从句或宾语从句放到后面尤其是连词that引导的主语从句常用于此种句式中。主语从句的主谓一致主语从句通常被看作一个整体,主句的谓语动词用单数形式Thattheywillcomeiscertain由who,whoever引导的主语从句的单复数要视从句中的单复数而定WhoeversaythataretobepunishedWhoaregoingtherehavebeendecidedWhat引导主语从句时,主句谓语动词的单复数由表语的单复数决定WhathewantsarethesebooksWhathewantsissomewater二宾语从句由连词that引导:that常可省略。Itoldhim(that)Iwouldcomebacksoon注:并列第二个以上的宾语从句,或有插入语时不能省略thatHesaid(that)hehadfinishedreadingthisnovelandthathewouldborrowanotherone当that引导的从句作复合宾语的第一个成分时需用先行词it作形式宾语把从句放到句末that不能省略。WeconsideritpossiblethatheisillIhearditsaidthathehadgonetoAustralia由wh疑问词引导。WefullyunderstoodwhathemeantGoandaskwhyhewaslateyesterdayIaskedhowhewasgettingonHeaskedmewhetherornotIwasbusyWhateverhedoeshedoeswellWewillchoosewhoeverisfitwhether与if有时可以换用但下列情况只能用whether介词后的宾从Everythingdependsonwhetheritisfinetomorrowwhether…ornot的宾从Idon’tknowwhetherornotshe’lllikeit复合不定式只能用whetherTelluswhethertogoorstayhere习惯上作discuss的宾从只用whether但:宾语从句否定时常用if引导Heaskedifyouwouldnotgoandseehim三表语从句表语从句的引导词与主语从句和宾语从句相同但:that引导表语从句时不能省if不能引导表语从句seem,appear后可接that引导的从句,而look则不可这三个词后都可用asifasthough引导从句ItseemsappearsthathewaslateforthetrainyesterdayItseemsappearslooksasifwehavetogohomeonfootThenewsthatourteamhaswonthematchistrueHisdelayisduetothefactthatthecarwentwronghalfway四同位语从句同位语从句一般跟在名词fact,news,promise,truth,belief,thought,idea,answer,information,knowledge,doubt,hope,law,opinion,plan,suggestion后面,用以说明或解释前面的名词注:that引导同位语从句与that引导定语从句的区别:引导同位语从句的that无实际意义,不作从句的任何成分,而引导定语从句的that充当从句的某个成分HetoldmethenewsthatourteamwonthematchHetoldmethenewsthatwasveryexcitingWeareinterestedinthenewsthatsomeforeignerswouldvisitourschoolWeareinterestedinthenewsthathetoldus在havenoidea之后常用wh引导同位语从句IhavenoideawherehehasgoneIhavenoideawhenhediditIhavenoideawhathedidIV.关联词的区分that与whatif与whetherwho与whoeverwhat与whatever用that或what填空IwonderifthisisyouarelookingforOurschoolisquitedifferentfromitwasbeforeFathermadeapromiseifIpassedtheexaminationhewouldbuymeacomputerwhatwhatthatIcan’tunderstandiswhyhehaschangedhismindtheearthisroundisknowntousall归纳:WhatThat连词在从句中不作成分不含有疑问意义而在从句中作成分常含有疑问意义。thatwhat(what,whatever,who,whoever)wassaidheremustbekeptsecretweneedismoretimemadethelongdistancecalltohimisnotimportantbreaksthelawwillbepunishedWhateverWhatWhoWhoever归纳who,whoeverwhat,whatever等引导的名词性从句不含有疑问意义相当于名词后加一个定语从句而等引导的名词性从句都含有疑问意义。Whoever,whateverWho,what

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