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首页 初中英语完成态终短暂动词对应延续性动词变化规则表

初中英语完成态终短暂动词对应延续性动词变化规则表.doc

初中英语完成态终短暂动词对应延续性动词变化规则表

SamanthaOK
2019-02-18 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《初中英语完成态终短暂动词对应延续性动词变化规则表doc》,可适用于初中教育领域

初中英语完成态终短暂动词对应延续性动词变化规则续性动词代替短暂性(终止性)动词、用have代替buy(买)Mybrotherhashad(不能用hasbought)thisbikeforalmostfouryears、用keep或have代替borrow(借)Ihavekept(不能用haveborrowed)thebookforquiteafewdays、用be替代become(成为)Howlonghasyoursisterbeenateacher、用haveacold代替catchacold(感冒)Tomhashadacoldsincethedaybeforeyesterday、用wear代替puton(穿)b)用“be形容词”代短暂性动词、bemarried代marry(结婚)、beill代fall(get)ill生病、bedead代die(死)、beasleep代fall(get)asleep(入睡)、beawake代wakewakeup(醒)、beopen代open(开)、beclosed代closeshut(关)c)用“be副词”代短暂性动词“beon”代start,begin(开始)“beup”代getup(起床)“beback(to)”代returnto,comebackto,gobackto(返回)“behere(there)”代come(arrive,reach,get)here或go(arrive,reach,get)there等等(到达)d)用“be介词短语”代短暂性动词“beinat地点”代替gotocometo(去哪儿)用beinthearmy代替jointhearmy(参军)“beinat地点”代替moveto(搬到)常用瞬间动词变延续性动词表:havearrivedatinsw(地点)gottoreachedsw去哪comegonemovedtosw搬到→havebeeninsw(地点)at…相应的介词havecomegonebackreturned→havebeenback(回来)havecomegoneout→havebeenout(出去)havebecome→havebeen(成为)haveclosed→havebeenclosed(关)havegotup→havebeenup(起床)havedied→havebeendead(死)haveleftsw→havebeenawayfromsw(离开)havefallenasleepgottosleep→havebeenasleep(入睡)havefinishedendedcompleted→havebeenover(完成)havemarried→havebeenmarried(结婚)havestartedbeguntodosth→havedonesth(开始去做某事)havebegun→havebeenon(开始)haveborrowedbought→havekepthad(借)havelost→haven’thad(丢失)haveputon→haveworn(穿)havecaughtgetacold→havehadacold(感冒)havegottoknow→haveknown(认识)havehasgoneto→havebeenin(在哪儿)havejoinedhavetakenpartintheleaguethePartythearmy(参军)延续性动词与非延续性动词及其转换动词按其动作发生的方式、发生过程的长短可分为延续性动词与非延续性动词。一延续性动词表示能够延续的动作,如:learn,work,stand,lie,know,walk,keep,have,wait,watch,sing,read,sleep,live,stay等。延续性动词可以与表示时间段的状语连用。表示时间段的短语有:for一段时间,foryearssince从句,sincehecameheresince时间点名词,sincelastyear,sincedaysagohowlongforalongtime等。例:HehaslivedhereforyearsYoucankeepthebookfordaysIstayedthereforweekslastyearHowlongdidyoustaytherelastyear二非延续性动词也称终止性动词、瞬间动词,表示不能延续的动作,这种动作发生后立即结束。如:open,die,close,begin,finish,come,go,move,borrow,lend,buy等。非延续性动词在肯定句中与表示时间点的状语连用,如:twoyearsagoatoclock例:Hediedyearsago否定的终止性动词可以与表示时间段的时间状语连用。例:IhaventlefthereforyearsIhaventheardfromhimforweeks三把下列动词变为过去式,再把他们转换成延续性动词,并在括号内写出汉语意思。leave→()borrow→()buy→()beginstart→()die→()finish→()join→()open→()fallill→()getup→()catchacold→()comehere→()gothere→()become→()comeback→()fallasleep→()gettoarrivereach→()leave→()gettoknow→()go(get)out()→()puton→()例:TheoldmandiedyearsagoTheoldmanhasbedeadforyearsItisyearssincetheoldmandiedFouryearshaspassedsincetheoldmandiedHejoinedthePartyyearsagoHehasbeeninthePartyforyearsIboughtthebookdaysagoIhavehadthebookfordays补充练习:Whenhearrivedatthebusstop,thebusforminutesAhasleftBhadleftChasbeenawayDhadbeenawayItheLeagueforyearssofarAjoinedBhavejoinedChavebeeninThefactorysincetheFebruaryofAhasbeenopenBhasopenedCwasopenDopenedMaryandRosefriendssincetheymetinAhavemadeBhavebeenCmadeDhavebecomeYoumustntuntilhecomesbackAbeawayBleaveCbeleftThemeetingforaweeknowAhasfinishedBhasendedChasbeenoverMissGaothisschoolfornearlyyearsAhasbeeninBhascometoChastaughtBenateacherforyearsAhasbeenBhasbecomeCwasDbecameIhomeforaweekAhavereturnedBhavebeenbackCreturnedHowlongheAdiedBhas,diedChas,beendeadHeateightyesterdayafternoonAsleptBwassleepingChassleepDhadsleptHethecarforaweekAboughtBhasboughtChashadHowlongyouillTwoweeksAdidfallBhave,fellChave,beenSince,hehishometownAhasleftBhasmovedawayChasbeenawayfromIlllendyouthebook,butyoucanonlyitfordaysAborrowBkeepCtakeThebusontheroadforhourssofarAhasstoppedBstoppedChasbeenAreyouthejacketthesedaysAwearingBputtingonCdressingDonHefoehoursAgotupBhasgotupChasbeenupTomisillinhospitalHeacoldforseveraldaysAisBcatchesChascaughtDhashadHowlongcanIthebookTwoweeksAborrowBlendCgetDkeepKey:DCABBCAABCBCCC

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初中英语完成态终短暂动词对应延续性动词变化规则表

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