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首页 英语词源词典复件 p

英语词源词典复件 p.doc

英语词源词典复件 p

baibainn
2018-09-05 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语词源词典复件 pdoc》,可适用于服务领域

pathsuffixusedinmodernformationstomean"onesufferingfrom"(adiseaseorcondition),also"oneversedin"(acertaintypeoftreatment),fromGkpathes,frompathos"suffering"(seepathos)phconsonantaldigraph,nowusuallyrepresenting"f,"originallythecombinationusedbyRomanstorepresentGkletterphi(cognatewithSktbh,Gmcb),whichatfirstwasanaspirated"p,"laterthesamesoundasGerpf,butbycBCEhadbecomeasimplesoundmadebyblowingthroughthelips(bilabialspirant)Roman"f,"likemodernEng"f,"wasdentilabialbyc,however,thesoundshadbecomeidenticalandinsomeRomaniclanguages(It,Sp),phregularlywasreplacedbyfThistendencytookholdinOFrandME,butwiththerevivalofclassicallearningthewordssubsequentlywerealteredbacktoph(exceptfancyandfantastic),andduetozealousnessinthissomenonGkwordsinfbegantoappearinph,thoughtheseformsgenerallyhavenotsurvivedphagouscombformmeaning"eating,feedingon,"fromGkphagos"eaterof,"fromphagein"toeat,"lit"tohaveashareoffood,"fromPIEbase*bhag"toshareout,apportion,togetashare"(cfSktbhajati"assigns,allots,apportions,enjoys,lovpungere"toprick,pierce"(seepungent)Theverbisfrompundit,"learnedHindu,"especiallyoneversedinSanskritlore,fromHindipayndit"alearnedman,master,teacher,"fromSktpaynditas"alearnedman,scholar,"ofunknownoriginBroaderapplicationinEngisfirstrecordedpungent,"sharp,poignant"(ofpainorgrief),fromLpungentem(nompungens),prpofpungere"toprick,pierce,sting,"relatedtopugnus"fist"(seepugnacious)Meaning"havingpowerfulodorortaste"firstrecordedLitsense"sharp,pointed"()isveryrareinEng,mostlylimitedtobotanyPunic"pertainingtoCarthage,",fromLPunicus,earlierPoenicus"Carthaginian,"originally"Phoenician"(adj),CarthagehavingbeenfoundedasaPhoeniciancolony,fromPoenus(n),fromGkPhoinix"Phoenician"(seePhoenician)ProverbialamongtheRomansastreacherousandperfidiousPunicWarswerethreewarsbetweentheRomansandtheCarthaginiansfoughtBCEpunish,fromOFrpuniss,extendedprpstemofpunir"topunish,"fromLpunire"inflictapenaltyon,causepainforsomeoffense,"earlierpoenire,frompoena"penalty,punishment"(seepenal)Colloquialmeaning"toinflictheavydamageorloss"isfirstrecorded,originallyinboxingPunishing"hardhitting"isfrompunitive,"inflictingorinvolvingpunishment,"fromFrpunitif(c),fromMLpunitivus(c),fromLpunitus,ppofpunire(seepunish)PunjabregionontheIndiansubcontinent,fromHindiPanjab,fromPerspanj"five"ab"water"Socalledforitsfiveriverspunjisharpenedandoftenpoisonedbamboostakesetinaholeasatrapforanimalsorenemies,,ofunknownorigin,probablyfromaTibetoBurmanlanguage(firstrecordedinaBengalcontext)punk(),"inferior,bad,"also"somethingworthless,"earlier"rottenwoodusedastinder"(),probablyfromDelaware(Algonquian)ponk,lit"dust,powder,ashes"butGaelicspong"tinder"alsohasbeensuggested(cfspunk"touchwood,tinder,")Meaning"Chineseincense"isfrompunk()"worthlessperson"(especiallyayounghoodlum),,probablyfrompunkkid"criminal'sapprentice,"underworldslangfirstattested(withovertonesof"catamite")Ultimatelyfrompunk"prostitute,harlot,strumpet,"firstrecorded,ofunknownoriginForsenseshiftfrom"harlot"to"homosexual,"cfgayByusedgenerallyfor"youngboy,inexperiencedperson"(originallyinshowbusiness,egpunkday,circusslangfrom,"daywhenchildrenareadmittedfree")Theverbmeaning"tobackoutof"isfromThe"youngcriminal"senseisnodoubttheinspirationinpunkrockfirstattested(inaDaveMarsharticlein"Creem"),popularizedpunt()"kick,"(nandv),firstinaRugbylistoffootballrules,perhapsfromdialectalpunt"topush,strike,"alterationofMidlandsdialbunt"topush,buttwiththehead,"ofunknownorigin,perhapsechoicStudentslangmeaning"giveup,dropacoursesoasnottofail,"s,isbecauseaUSfootballteampuntswhenitcannotadvancetheballpunt()"flatbottomedboat,"OEpunt,probablyanancientsurvivalofBritishLponto"flatbottomedboat,"akindofGallictransport(Caesar),also"floatingbridge"(Gellius),frompons,pontem"bridge"(seepontoon)puny,"inferiorinrank,"fromMFrpuîné,fromOFrpuisné"bornlater,younger"(c,contrastedwithaisné"firstborn"),frompuis"afterward"(fromVL*postius,fromLpostea,frompost"after")OFrné"born,"fromLnatus,ppofnasci"beborn"Senseof"small,weak,insignificant"firstrecordedpup,"ayoungdog,"shortenedformofpuppy(qv)Usedfromfor"conceitedperson"AppliedtotheyoungofthefursealfromPuptent(alsodogtent)isfromSopwithpup,popularnameoftheSopwithScoutTractorairplane,isfrompupa,"postlarvalstageofaninsect,"specialusebyLinnæus()ofLpupa"girl,doll,puppet"(seepupil())onnotionof"undevelopedcreature"pupil()"student,",originally"orphanchild,ward,"fromOFrpupille(c),fromLpupillus(fempupilla)"orphan,ward,minor,"dimofpupus"boy"(fempupa"girl"),probablyrelatedtopuer"child,"probablyfromPIE*pup,frombase*pu"toswell,inflate"Meaning"disciple,student"firstrecordedpupil()"centeroftheeye,"(inLformfrom),fromOFrpupille(c),fromLpupilla,originally"littlegirldoll,"dimofpupa"girl,doll"(seepupil()),socalledfromthetinyimageoneseesofhimselfreflectedintheeyeofanotherGkissaidalsotohaveusedthesameword,kore(lit"girl"),tomeanboth"doll"and"pupiloftheeye"andcfobsoletebaby"smallimageofoneselfinanother'spupil"(),sourceofccolloquialexpressiontolookbabies"starelovinglyintoanother'seyes""Selfknowledgecanbeobtainedonlybylookingintothemindandvirtueofthesoul,whichisthedivinerpartofaman,asweseeourownimageinanother’seye"Plato,"Alcibiades,"Ipuppet(impliedinpuppetry),fromOFrpoupette,dimofpoupée"doll"(c),fromVL*puppa,fromLpupa"girl,doll"(seepupil())Metaphoricextensionto"personwhoseactionsaremanipulatedbyanother"firstrecordedPuppeteerisattestedfrompuppy,"woman'ssmallpetdog,"fromMFrpoupée"doll,toy"(seepuppet)Meaningshiftedfrom"toydog"to"youngdog"(),replacingMEwhelpAlsousedaboutthattimeinsenseof"vainyoungman"PuppyloveisfromPuppyfatisfromPuranaancientSktwritingsofalegendarycharacter,,fromSktpuranah,lit"ancient,former,"frompura"formerly,before,"cognatewithGkparos"before,"pro"before,"OEforepurblind,purblind"entirelyblind,"later"partiallyblind,blindinoneeye"(),probablyfromAngloFrperfectiveprefixpur(fromVLpor,variationofLpro"before,for")blind(qv)Senseof"dull"firstrecordedpurchase(v),"obtain,contrive,bringabout,"fromAngloFrpurchaser"goafter,"frompur"forth"(possiblyusedhereasanintensiveprefixseepurblind)OFrchacier"runafter"(seechase)Senseof"buy"firstrecorded,thoughthewordcontinuedtobeusedfor"togetbyconquestinwar,obtainasbooty"uptocNounmeaning"thatwhichisbought"isrecordedfromThesenseof"holdorpositionforadvantageouslyapplyingpower"()isextendedfromthenauticalverbmeaning"tohaulordraw(especiallybymechanicalpower),"usedespeciallyofhaulingupanchors,andattestedfrompure,"unmixed,"also"absolutely,entirely,"fromOFrpur(c),fromLpurus"clean,clear,unmixed,chaste,"fromPIEbase*peu*pu"topurify,cleanse"(cfLputus"clear,pure,"Sktpavate"purifies,cleanses,"putah"pure,"MIrur"fresh,new,"OHGfowen"tosift")ReplacedOEhlutorMeaning"freefrommoralcorruption"isfirstrecordedcInreftobloodlines,attestedfromc(pureblood(n)isrecordedfrom)Puristfirstrecorded,onmodelofFrpuriste(),originallyinreftospeechpuree(n),fromFrpurée"peasoup"(pureedepois,),perhapsfromppofpurer"tostrain,cleanse,"fromLpurare"purify,"frompurus(seepure)Theverbisfirstattested,fromthenounpurgativec(adj),fromOFrpurgatif(c),fromLLpurgativus,fromLpurgatus,ppofpurgare(seepurge)Thenounisattestedfrompurgatoryc,fromMLpurgatorium(StBernard,c),fromLL,"meansofcleansing,"propneutofpurgatorius(adj)"purging,cleansing,"fromLpurgare(seepurge)purge(v)c,fromOFrpurgier(c),fromLpurgare"cleanse,purify,"fromOldLpurigare,frompurus"pure"(seepure)rootofagere"todrive,make"(seeact)Thenounisrecordedfrompurifyc,"freefromspiritualpollution,"fromOFrpurifier(c),fromLpurificare"tomakepure,"frompurus"pure"(seepure)rootoffacere"tomake"(seefactitious)Meaning"freefromextraneousmatter"isrecordedfromcPurificationfirstattestedcinreftoFeastofthePurificationoftheVirginMary,fromPurim,JewishfestivalonthethofAdar(incommemorationofthedefeatofHaman'splot),fromHebpurim,lit"lots"(plofpur),identifiedwithhaggoral"thelot"(Estheriii,ix),perhapsfromAkkadpuru"stone"Puritan,"opponentofAnglicanhierarchy,"laterappliedopprobriouslyto"personinChurchofEnglandwhoseeksfurtherreformation"(),probablyfrompurity(qv)Afterc,appliedtoanyonedeemedoverlystrictinmattersofreligionandmorals"ThePuritanhatedbearbaiting,notbecauseitgavepaintothebear,butbecauseitgavepleasuretothespectators"ThomasBabingtonMacaulay,"HistoryofEngland,"Puritanism()wasfamouslydefinedbyHLMenckenas"thehauntingfearthatsomeone,somewheremaybehappy"()purityc,fromOFrpurete,earlierpurte(c),fromLLpuritatem(nompuritas)"cleanness,pureness,"fromLpurus(seepure)purl(v)"knitwithinvertedstitches,"earlier"toembroiderwithgoldorsilverthread"(),fromMEpirlyng"revolving,twisting,"ofunknownoriginThetwosensesusuallyaretakenasoneword,butthisisnotcertainpurloinc,"toputfaraway,"fromAngloFrpurloigner"remove,"fromOFrporloigner"putoff,retard,delay,"frompor(fromLpro"forth")OFrloing"far,"fromLlonge,fromlongus(seelong)Senseof"tosteal"()isadevelopmentinEngpurpleOEpurpul,dissimilation(firstrecordedinNorthumbrian,inLindisfarnegospel)frompurpure"purplegarment,"purpuren"purple,"fromLpurpura"purpledyedcloak,purpledye,"also"shellfishfromwhichpurplewasmade,"fromGkporphyra(seeporphyry),ofSemiticorigin,originallythenamefortheshellfish(murex)fromwhichitwasobtainedTyrianpurple,producedaroundTyre,wasprizedasdyeforroyalgarmentsAsacolorname,attestedfromAlsothecolorofmourningorpenitence(especiallyinroyaltyorclergy)Rhetoricalfor"splendid,gaudy"(ofprose)fromPurpurcontinuedasaparallelformuntilc,andthroughcinheraldryPurpleHeart,USdecorationforservicememberswoundedincombat,institutedoriginallyaclothdecorationbegunbyGeorgeWashingtoninHendrix'PurpleHaze()isslangfor"LSD"purport(n),fromAngloFrpurport(),frompurporter"tocontain,"frompur(fromLpro"forth")OFrporter"tocarry,"fromLportare"tocarry"(seeport())TheverbisattestedfromPurportedly"allegedly"firstrecordedpurposec,fromOFrporpos"aim,intention"(c),fromporposer"toputforth,"frompor"forth"(fromLpro"forth")OFrposer"toput,place"(seepose)Onpurpose"bydesign"isattestedfromearlierofpurpose()purpura,fromModL,fromLpurpura(seepurple)Diseasecharacterizedbypurplepatchesontheskinpurr,ofimitativeoriginpurse(n)OEpursa"littlebagmadeofleather,"fromMLbursa"purse"(cfOFrborse,c,Frbourse),fromLL,variantofbyrsa"hide,"fromGkbyrsa"hide,leather"ChangeofbtopperhapsbyinflofOEpusa,ONposi"bag"Meaning"woman'shandbag"isattestedfromMeaning"sumofmoneycollectedasaprizeinarace,etc,"isfrimTheverb,"drawtogetherandwrinkle"(asthestringsofamoneybag)isfirstrecordedPursestrings,figfor"controlofmoney"isfromcPursesnatcherfirstattested(earlierpursepicker,)Thenotionof"drawntogetherbyathong"isalsobehindpursenet(c)purserc,"treasurer,"originallyalso"makerofpurses"(),fromMEpurse(seepurse)pursuec,"tofollowwithhostileintent,"fromAngloFrpursuer,fromOFrpoursuir,variantofporsivre,fromVL*prosequare,fromLprosequi"followup"(cfprosecute),frompro"forward"sequi"follow"(seesequel)Meaning"toproceed,tofollow"(apath,etc),usuallyfigurative,isfrompursuitc,"persecution,"fromAngloFrpurseute,fromOFrporsuite(),fromporsivre(seepursue)Meaning"actionofpursuit"attestedfromsenseof"one'sprofession,recreation,etc"firstrecordedpurulent,fromMFrpurulent,fromLpurulentus"fullofpus,"frompus(genpuris)"pus"(seepus)purveyc,fromOFrporveoir"toprovide,"fromLprovidere(seeprovide,whichnowusuallyreplacesit)Agentnounpurveyor(c)isfromOFrporveour(c),fromporveoirpurview,"bodyofastatute,"fromAngloFrpurveuest"itisprovided,"orpurveuque"providedthat"(),clausesthatintroducedstatutesinoldlegaldocuments,fromOFrporveu"provided,"ppofporveoir"toprovide,"fromLprovidere(seeprovide)Senseof"scope,extent"isfirstrecordedin"Federalist"(Madison)Modernsenseandspellinginfluencedbyviewpus,fromLpus"pus"(relatedtoputer"rotten,"seeputrid),fromPIE*pu(cfSktpuyati"rots,stinks,"putih"stinking,foul"Gkpuon"dischargefromasore,"pythein"tocausetorot"Gothfuls,OEful"foul"),perhapsoriginallyechoicofanaturalexclamationofdisgustpush(v)c,fromOFrpoulser,fromLpulsare"tobeat,strike,push,"frequentativeofpellere(pppulsus)"topush,drive,beat"(seepulse())ThenounisfirstrecordedMeaning"approachacertainage"isfromMeaning"promote"()ledtopusher"peddlerofillegaldrugs,"firstrecordedinprisonslang(earlieritmeant"prostitute,")Pushy"forward,aggressive"firstrecordedTopush(someone)aroundisfromPhrasepushcomestoshoveisfromtopush(one's)luckisfromTopushtheenvelopeinfigurativesenseislatesPushup,theexercise,isfromtopushupdaisies"bedeadandburied"isfromcPushbutton(n)isfromadjsense"characterizedbytheuseofpushbuttons"isfrompushover(n),ofthings,ofpersons(badboxersandeasywomen),frompush(qv)overpusillanimous(impliedinpusillanimity),fromLLpusillanimis"havinglittlecourage"(usedinChurchLtotranslateGkoligopsychos"smallsouled"),fromLpusillis"veryweak,little"(dimofpullus"younganimal")animus"spirit,courage"puss()"cat,",butprobablymucholderthantherecord,perhapsimitativeofthehissingsoundcommonlyusedtogetacat'sattentionAconventionalnameforacatinGmclanguagesandasfaroffasAfghanistanitistherootoftheprincipalwordfor"cat"inRomanian(pisica)andsecondarywordsinLith(puz),LowGer(puus),Sweddialkattepus,etcpuss()"theface,",slang,fromIrpus"lip,mouth"pussy()"cat,",dimofpuss(),alsousedofarabbit()Asatermofendearmentforagirlorwoman,from(alsousedofeffeminatemen)Pussywillowisfrom,onnotionof"softandfurry"pussyfoot(v)isfrom,originallythenicknameofstealthyOklahomaprohibitionagentWEJohnson()pussy()slangfor"cunt,",butprobablyolderperhapsfromONpuss"pocket,pouch"(cfLowGerpuse"vulva"),butperhapsinsteadfromthecatword(seepussy())onnotionof"soft,warm,furrything"cfFrlechat,whichalsohasadoublemeaning,felineandgenitalEarlierusesaredifficulttodistinguishfrompussy(),eg:"Thewordpussieisnowusedofawoman"PhilipStubbes,"TheAnatomieofAbuses,"Buttheuseofpussyasatermofendearmentarguesagainstthevaginalsensebeinggenerallyknownbeforelatec,eg:"'Whatdoyouthink,pussy'saidherfathertoEva"HarrietBeecherStowe,"UncleTom'sCabin,"Pussywhippedfirstattestedpustule,fromOFrpustule(c),fromLpustula"blister,pimple,"fromPIE*pu"blow,swell,"onnotionof"inflatedarea"(cfSktpupphusah"lung,"Gkphysa"breath,blast,wind,bubble,"Lithpuciu"toblow,swell,"OCSpuchati"toblow")putlateOEputung"instigation,urging,"lit"putting"alsopytan"putout,thrustout"(ofeyes),probablyfromGmcstemthatalsoproducedDanputte"toput,"SweddialputtaMeaning"actofcastingaheavystoneoverhead"(asatrialofstrength)isattestedfromcAdjphraseputout"angry,upset"isfirstrecordedtoputout,ofawoman,"toofferoneselfforsex"isfromVerbphraseputdown"snub"isfromcputdown(n)firstrecordedToputupwith"tolerate,accept"()wasoriginallytoputup,asin"topocket"Toput(someone)on"deceive"isfromputon"deception"isfromfromanearlieradjmeaning"assumed,feigned"(),afigextensionofthenotionofputtingoncostumesordisguisesputative,fromMFrputatif,fromLputativus"supposed"(c),fromputatus,ppofputare"think,suppose,"relatedtopurus"pure"Atfirstespinputativemarriage,onewhich,thoughlegallyinvalid,wascontractedingoodfaithbyatleastonepartyputrefactionc,fromOFrputrefaction(c),fromLputrefactionem(nomputrefactio),fromputrefactus,ppofputrefacere"tomakerotten,"fromputrere"toberotten"(seeputrid)facere"tomake,do"(seefactitious)putrescence,fromLputrescentem(nomputrescens),prpofputrescere"growrotten,"inchoativeofputrere"berotten"(seeputrid)putridc,fromLputridus,fromputrere"torot,"fromputris"rotten,crumbling,"relatedtoputere"tostink,"fromPIEbase*pu"torot,stink"(seepus)Firstinreftoputridfever,anoldnamefortyphusputsch,fromGer,"revolt,riot,"fromSwissdialect,lit"asuddenblow,push,"ofimitativeoriginputt,inScottish,specialuseofput(qv)insenseof"putting,pushing,shoving,thrusting"(c)associatedwiththeputtinginshotputtingPutter"golfclubusedinputting"alsoisfirstattestedputter"keepbusyinaratheruselessway,"alterationofpotter(qv)putti,fromItputti"smallboys,"plofputto,fromLputus"boy,child"putty,fromFrpotée"polishingpowder"(c),originally"potfull,contentsofapot,"fromOFrpot"container"(seepot())Meaning"softmixtureforsealingwindowpanes"firstrecordedFiguseinreftooneeasilyinfluencedisfromputz"obnoxiousman,fool,",fromYiddish,fromGerputz,lit"finery,adornment,"obviouslyusedhereinanironicsenseEarlierinslangsenseof"penis"(,in"TropicofCancer")anonironicsenseisinputz"NativitydisplayaroundaChristmastree"(),fromPennsylvaniaDutchpuy"hillofvolcanicorigin,"especiallythoseinAuvergne,,fromFr,fromLpodium"aheight,balcony,"lit"support"(seepodium)puzzle(v)c,pusle"bewilder,confound,"possiblyfrequentativeofpose(v)inobsoletesenseof"perplex"(cfnuzzlefromnose)Thenounmeaning"stateofbeingpuzzled"isrecordedfrom,fromtheverbmeaning"perplexingquestion"isfromthatof"atoycontrivedtotestone'singenuity"isfromPyanepsiafestivalinhonorofApolloonthethofPyanepsion(fourthmonthoftheAtticcalendar,correspondingtoOctNov),fromGkPyanepsia(pl),lit"thefeastofcookingbeans,"frompyanos"bean,"ofunknownorigin,epsein"toboil,cook"Atthisfestivaladishofpulsewasofferedtothegodpygmy,fromLPygmaei(singPygmaeus),fromGkPygmaio"atribeofdwarfs,"referredtoinHomerandHerodotusandreputedtoliveineitherIndiaorEthiopiaoriginallypluralofanadjmeaning"dwarfish,"lit"apygmetall,"frompygme"cubit,"lit"fist,"themeasureoflengthfromtheelbowtotheknuckle(seepugnacious)BelievedinctorefertochimpanzeesororangutangsTheancientwordwasappliedbyEuropeanstotheequatorialAfricanrace,butthetribesprobablywereknowntotheancientsandlikelyweretheoriginalinspirationforthelegendpylon,"gatewaytoanEgyptiantemple,"fromGkpylon"gateway,"frompyle"gate,"ofunknownoriginMeaning"towerforguidingaviators"()ledtothatof"steeltowerforhightensionwires"()pyracanththornyshruboftheapplefamily,,fromModLgenusnamePyracantha,fromGkpyrakantha(Dioscorides),aplantnamedbutnotdescribed,frompyr"fire"akantha"thorn,thornyplant,"fromPIEbase*ak"sharp,pointed"(seeacrid)pyramid(earlierinLformpiramis,),fromFrpyramide(OFrpiramide,c),fromLpyramides,plofpyramis"oneofthepyramidsofEgypt,"fromGkpyramis(plpyramides),apparentlyanalterationofEgyptianpimar"pyramid"pyre,fromLpyra,fromGkpyra"ahearth,funeralpyre,"frompyr(genpyros)"fire,"cognatewithOEfyr(seefire)Pyrenees,fromFrPyrénées,fromLPyrenæimontes,fromGkPyrene,nameofadaughterofBebryx,belovedofHerakles,whoissaidtobeburiedinthesemountainsThenameislit"fruitstone"Pyrex,proprietaryname(CorningGlassWorks,Corning,NY),arbitrarycoinage,inwhicheageretymologistsseeimplicationsofGkpyr"fire"andperhapsLrex"king"buttheprosaicinventorssayitwasbasedonpie,sincepiedisheswereamongthefirstproductsmadefromitTherispurelyeuphoniouspyrgologist"oneversedinthestructureandhistoryoftowers,",fromGkpyrgos"tower"pyrite"metallicirondisulfide,",fromOFrpyrite(c),fromLpyrites,fromGkpyriteslithos"stoneoffire,flint"(socalledbecauseitglitters),frompyr(genpyros)"fire"pyrocombformmeaning"fire,"fromGkpyro,combiningformofpyr(genpyros)"fire"(seepyre)pyromania,frompyro(qv)mania"madness,frenzy"Pyromaniac(n)firstrecordedpyrotechnic"oforpertainingtofireworks,",frompyro(qv)Gktekhnikos"madebyart,"fromtekhne"art"FiguseattestedfromPyrrhic(),fromPyrrhus,kingofEpirus,whodefeatedRomanarmiesatAsculum,BCE,butatsuchcosttohisowntroopsthathewasunabletofollowupandattackRomeitself,andissaidtohaveremarked,"onemoresuchvictoryandwearelost"pyrrhic()"danceinarmor"(),alsoatypeofmetricalfoot(),fromLpyrrhicha,fromGkpyrrikheorkhesis,thewardanceofancientGreece,traditionallynamedforitsinventor,PyrrikhosThenamelitmeans"reddish,"frompyrros"flamecolored,"frompyr"fire"Pyrrhonic,"oforpertainingtoPyrrho,"skepticphilosopherofElis(ccBCE),whoheldtheimpossibilityofattainingcertaintyofknowledgePythagorean,fromLPythagoreus"oforpertainingtoPythagoras,"GkphilosopherofSamos(cBCE),whoseteachingsincludedtransmigrationofthesoulandvegetarianism(thesearesomeofthecommonestearlyallusionsinEng)ThePythagoreantheoremisthethofthefirstbookofEuclidpython,thefabledserpent,slainbyApollo,nearDelphi,fromLPython,fromGkPython,probablyrelatedtoPytho,theoldnameofDelphi,perhapsitselfrelatedtopythein"torot"Zoologicalapplicationtolargenonvenomoussnakesofthetropicsisfrom,originallyinFrPythonesque,inreftothestyleofhumorpopularizedbyBritishTVseries"MontyPython'sFlyingCircus"pythoness,"womanwiththepowerofsoothsaying,"fromOFrphitonise(c),fromLLpythonissa,usedinVulgateoftheWitchofEndor(ISamxxviii),andoftentreatedasherpropername,litfemofpytho"familiarspirit"whichultimatelyisconnectedwiththetitleoftheprophetessoftheDelphicOracle,Gkpythiahiereia,fromPythios,anepithetofApollo,fromPytho,oldernameoftheregionofDelphi(seepython)pyxc,"abox,"espthevesselinwhichthehostorconsecratedbreadispreserved,fromLpyxis,fromGkpyxis"box,"frompyxos"boxtree,"ofuncertainorigi
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