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首页 英语词源词典复件 w

英语词源词典复件 w.doc

英语词源词典复件 w

baibainn
2018-09-05 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语词源词典复件 wdoc》,可适用于服务领域

wardadvsuffixexpressingdirection,OEweard"toward,"lit"turnedtoward,"sometimesweardes,withgenitivesingularendingofneuteradjectives,fromPGmc*warth(cfOS,OFrisward,ONverðr),variantofPIE*wert"toturn,wind,"frombase*wer"toturn,bend"(seeversus)Theoriginalnotionisof"turnedtoward"worthasfinalelementinplacenames,isfromOEworþ"enclosedplace,homestead"WnotintheRomanalphabet,buttheModEngsounditrepresentsisclosetothedevocalizedconsonantexpressedbyRomanUorVInOE,thisoriginallywaswrittenuu,butbycbegantobeexpressedbytheruniccharacterwyn(Kentishwen),whichlookedsomethinglikeacrossbetweenlowercasepandyInc,Normanscribesintroducedw,aligatureddoublingofRomanuwhichhadbeenusedonthecontinentfortheGmc"w"sound,andwyndisappearedcWC"lavatory,",abbreviationofwaterclosetWAC,AmerEng,acronymfromWomen'sArmyCorps,formedwackerockresemblingsandstone,,fromGerWacke,fromMHGwacke"alargestone,"fromOHGwacko"gravel,"probablyfromOHGwegan"tomove"Aminer'sword,broughtintogeologybyGergeologistAbrahamGottlobWerner()wacky"crazy,eccentric,","OHGwuot"mad,madness,"Gerwut"rage,fury"),fromPIE*wat,sourceofLvates"seer,poet,"OIrfaith"poet""withacommonelementofmentalexcitement"BuckCfOEwoþ"sound,melody,song,"andONoðr"poetry,"andthegodnameOdinwoodbineOEwudubinde,aclimbingplant,fromwudu"wood"(seewood(n))binde"wreath,"relatedtobind(v)Usedofvariousclimbingplantsonthreecontinentswoodchuck,alteration(influencedbywood(n))ofCree(Algonquian)otchekorOjibwaotchig,"marten,"thenamesubsequentlytransferredtothegroundhogwoodcockOEwuducoc,fromwudu"wood"(n)coc"cock"woodpecker,fromwood(n)pecker(seepeck(v))woof()"weft,texture,fabric,"OEowef,fromo"on"wefan"toweave"Withexcrescentwbyinfluenceofwarporweftwoof()dogbarknoise,firstrecorded,echoicWoofer"loudspeakerforbassnotes"firstattestedwoolOEwull,fromPGmc*wulno(cfONull,OFriswolle,MDuwolle,Duwol,OHGwolla,Gerwolle,Gothwulla),fromPIE*wlna(cfSkturnaAvestanvarenaGklenos"wool"Llana"wool,"vellus"fleece"OCSvluna,Rusvulna,Lithvilna"wool"MIrolann,Welshgwlan"wool")Woolen(Britishwoollen)isOEwullenFigexpressionpullthewoolover(someone's)eyesisrecordedfrom,AmerEngwoolgathering,"indulginginwanderingfanciesandpurposelessthinking,"fromthelitmeaning"gatheringfragmentsofwooltornfromsheepbybushes,etc"wooly,"resemblingormadeofwool,"fromwool(qv)Meaning"barbarous,rude"isrecorded,fromwildandwooly()appliedtotheUSwesternfrontier,perhapsinreferencetorangesteersortounkemptcowboyswoozy,"muddledordazed,aswithdrink,"AmerEngcolloq,variantofoozy"muddy,"oranalterationofboozy(),fromboozewopderogatoryfor"Italian,",AmerEngslang,apparentlyfromsouthernItdialectguappo"dandy,dude,stud,"agreetingamongmaleNeapolitans,saidtobefromSpguapo"bold,dandy,"whichisfromLvappa"sourwine,"also"worthlessfellow"relatedtovapidus(seevapid)WorcesterWireceastre(),OEWigranceastre(),Weogornacivitas(),fromWeogora,atribalnameWorcestershiresauce(LeaPerrin's)isattestedfromwordOEword"speech,talk,utterance,word,"fromPGmc*wurdan(cfOS,OFrisword,Duwoord,OHG,Gerwort,ONorð,Gothwaurd),fromPIE*were"speak,say"(seeverb)Themeaning"promise"wasinOE,aswasthetheologicalsenseIntheplural,themeaning"verbalaltercation"(asintohavewordswithsomeone)datesfromWordyisOEwordig"verbose"Wording"choiceofwords"apparentlywascoinedbyMilton(in"Eikonoklastes,")WordprocessorfirstrecordedAwordtothewiseisfromLphraseverbumsapientisatisest"awordtothewiseisenough"Wordofmouthisrecordedfromcwork(n)OEweorc,worc"somethingdone,deed,action,proceeding,business,militaryfortification,"fromPGmc*werkan(cfOS,OFris,Duwerk,ONverk,MDuwarc,OHGwerah,GerWerk,Gothgawaurki),fromPIEbase*werg"towork"(seeurge(v))"Workislessboringthanamusingoneself"Baudelaire,"MonCoeurmisanu,"InOE,thenounalsohadthesenseof"fornication"Workhouseinthesenseof"placewherethepoororpettycriminalsarelodged"firstappearedWorks"industrialplace"(usuallywithqualifyingadj)isattestedfromWorkstationisrecordedfromwork(v)afusionofOEwyrcan(pasttenseworhte,ppgeworht),fromPGmc*wurkijananandOEwircan(Mercian)"towork,operate,function,"formedrelativelylatefromPGmcnoun*werkan(seework(n))WorkerasatypeofbeeisrecordedfromWorkout"dostrenuousphysicalexercise"firstrecorded,originallyinboxingjargonWorkingclassfirstattested(n),(adj)Workmanlike"efficient,nononsense"isrecordedfromworkadayc,werkedei,fromONvirkrdagr"workingday"seework(n)dayOlderthanworkday(c)Itpassedintoanadjcworkaholic,coinedfromwork(n)withsecondelementabstractedabsurdlyfromalcoholic,settinguptheRodneyDangerfieldjoke,"Myoldmanwasaworkaholic:everytimehethoughtaboutwork,hegotdrunk"worldOEworuld,worold"humanexistence,theaffairsoflife,"also"thehumanrace,mankind,"awordpeculiartoGmclanguages(cfOSwerold,OFriswarld,Duwereld,ONverold,OHGweralt,GerWelt),withaliteralsenseof"ageofman,"fromPGmc*wer"man"(OEwer,stillinwerewolfseevirile)*ald"age"(seeold)Originally"lifeonearth,thisworld(asopposedtotheafterlife),"senseextendedto"theknownworld"(eg"GreatestShowonEarth"),thento"thephysicalworldinthebroadestsense,theuniverse"(c)InOEgospels,thecommonestwordfor"thephysicalworld,"wasMiddangeard(ONMidgard),lit"themiddleenclosure"(cfyard),whichisrootedinGmccosmologyGkkosmosinitsecclesiasticalsenseof"worldofpeople"sometimeswasrenderedinGothasmanaseþs,lit"seedofman"TheusualONwordwasheimr,lit"abode"(seehome)Wordsfor"world"insomeotherIElanguagesderivefromtherootfor"bottom,foundation"(cfIrdomun,OCSduno,relatedtoEngdeep)theLithwordispasaulis,frompa"under"saule"sun"Originalsenseinworldwithoutend,translatingLsæculasæculorum,andinworldlyLsæculumcanmeanboth"age"and"world,"ascanGkaionWorldwideisfromWorldpowerinthegeopoliticalsensefirstrecordedWorldclassisattestedfrom,originallyofOlympicathletesworldwarfirstattestedasaspeculation,probablyatranslationofGerWeltkriegAppliedtothefirstonesoonafteritbeganinWorldWarIcoined,replacingGreatWarasthemostcommonnameforitFirstWorldWarfirstattestedWorldWarIIsocalledsinceSecondWorldWarisfromworldlyOEworuldlic,fromtherootsofworldandlike(adj)AcommonGmccompound(cfOFriswraldlik,OSweroldlik,MDuwereldlik,Gerweltlich,ONveraldligr)Worldlywiseisrecordedfromcworldview,fromworldview,translatingGerweltanschauungwormOEwurm,variantofwyrm"serpent,dragon,"alsoinlaterOE"earthworm,"fromPGmc*wurmiz(cfOS,OHG,Gerwurm,OFris,Duworm,ONormr,Gothwaurms"serpent,worm"),fromPIE*wrmi*wrmo"worm"(cfGkrhomos,Lvermis"worm,"ORusvermie"insects,"Lithvarmas"insect,gnat"),possiblyfrombase*wer"turn"(seeversus)Theancientcategoryofthesewasmuchmoreextensivethanthemodern,scientific,oneandincludedserpents,scorpions,maggots,andthesupposedcausesofcertaindiseasesInEng,theowasascribalsubstitutiontoavoidconfusionofuandr(asalsoinsome,come,monketc)Asaninsultmeaning"abject,miserableperson"itdatesfromOETheverbmeaning"tomovelikeaworm"isrecordedfrom,infigsenses(attestedfrom)suggestingpatient,sinuousprogresswormhole,"holemadebyaburrowinginsect"(infruit,etc),fromwormholeAstrophysicssenseisattestedfromwormwoodc,folketymologyofOEwermod"wormwood,"relatedtovermouth,buttheultimateetymologyisunknownCfOSwermoda,Duwermoet,OHGwerimuota,GerWermutWeekleysuggestswer"man"mod"courage,"fromitsearlyuseasanaphrodisiacFigurativeuse,however,isusuallyinreferencetoitsbitteraftertastePerhapsbecauseofthefolketymology,itformerlywasusedtoprotectclothesandbeddingfrommothsandfleas"AmedecyneforanhawkethathathmitesTaketheIuceofwormewodeandputittherthaybeandtheishalldye""BookofStAlbans,"worn(adj),fromadjuseofppofwear,fromOEgeworen(seewear)Wornout"exhaustedbyuse"isattestedfrominreftothings,cinreftopersonsworry(v)OEwyrgan"tostrangle,"fromWGmc*wurgijanan(cfMDuworghen,Duworgen,OHGwurgen,Gerwürgen"tostrangle,"ONvirgill"rope"),fromPIE*wergh"toturn"(seewring)TheoldestsensewasobsinEngaftercmeaning"annoy,bother,vex,"firstrecorded,developedfromthatof"harassbyroughorseveretreatment"(),asofdogsorwolvesattackingsheepMeaning"tocausementaldistressortrouble"isattestedfromintranssenseof"tofeelanxietyormentaltrouble"isfirstrecordedworry(n),fromworry(v)WorrisomeisfirstrecordedWorrywartfirstrecorded,fromcomicstrip"OutOurWay"byUScartoonistJRWilliams()Accordingtothosefamiliarwiththestrip,WorryWartwasthenameofacharacterwhocausedotherstoworry,whichistheinverseofthecurrentcolloqmeaningworseOEwiersa,wyrsa,fromPGmc*wersizon(cfOSwirs,ONverri,Swedvärre,OFriswirra,OHGwirsiro,Gothwairsiza"worse"),comparativeofPIE*wers"toconfuse,mixup"(cfOHGwerra"strife,"OSwerran"toentangle,compound"seewar)Usedasacomparativeofbad,evil,illorastheoppositeofbetterPhraseforbetterorforworseisattestedfrom(forbet,forwers)tochangefortheworseisrecordedfromcworsen(v)"tomakeworse,"OEwyrsian,fromtherootofworse(qv)Thereflsenseof"togetworse,becomeworseoff"firstattestedandelevatedintoliteraryusec,whereformerlyworse(v)hadservedworship(n)OEworðscip,wurðscip(Anglian),weorðscipe(WSaxon)"conditionofbeingworthy,honor,renown,"fromweorð"worthy"(seeworth)scipe(seeship)Senseof"reverencepaidtoasupernaturalordivinebeing"isfirstrecordedcTheoriginalsenseispreservedinthetitleworshipful(c)TheverbisrecordedfromcworstOEwyrresta,fromPGmc*wersista(cfOSwirsista,ONverstr,OFriswersta,OHGwirsisto),superlativeofPIE*wers"toconfuse,mixup"(seeworse)Theverbmeaning"damage,inflictlossupon"isfirstrecorded,fromtheadjPhraseintheworstway()isfromAmerEngsenseof"mostseverely"worstedwoolenfabricmadefromtwistedyarn,,fromWorstead(OEWurðestede),towninNorfolkwheretheclothoriginallywasmadewort"aplant,"OEwyrt"root,herb,"fromPGmc*wurtiz(cfOSwurt,ON,Danurt,OHGwurz"plant,herb,"GerWurz,Gothwaurts,ONrot"root"),fromPIEbase*wrad"twig,root"(seeradish)worth()OEweorð"equalinvalueto,"fromPGmc*werthaz“toward,opposite,”hence“equivalent,worth"(cfOFriswerth,ONverðr,Duwaard,OHGwerd,Gerwert,Gothwairþs"worth,worthy"),perhapsaderivativeofPIE*wert"toturn,wind,"frombase*wer"toturn,bend"(seeversus)OCSvredu,Lithvertas"worth"areGmcloanwordsWorthlessisfirstattestedworthwhileisrecordedfromworth()"tocometobe,"nowchiefly,ifnotsolely,inthearchaicexpressionwoeworththeday,presentsubjunctiveofOEweorðan"tobecome,be,tobefall,"fromPGmc*werthan"tobecome"(cfOS,ODuwerthan,ONverða,OFriswertha,OHGwerdan,Gerwerden,Gothwairþan"tobecome"),lit"toturninto,"fromPGmc*werthaz“toward,opposite,”perhapsaderivativeofPIE*wert"toturn,wind,"frombase*wer"toturn,bend"(seeversus)worthy(adj)c,"havingmerit,"fromworth()Attestedfromcasanounmeaning"personofmerit"(espinNineWorthies,famousmenofhistoryandlegend:Joshua,David,JudasMaccabæus,Hector,Alexander,JuliusCæsar,Arthur,Charlemagne,GodfreyofBouillonthreeJews,threegentiles,threeChristians)wot"toknow"(archaic),fromOEwat,firstandthirdpersonsingularpresentindicativeofwitan"toknow,"fromPGmc*wait(seewit(v))wouldOEwolde,pasttenseofwillan"towill"(seewill(v))Wouldbe(adj)"wishing,pretending"isfirstrecordedcwound(n)OEwund"hurt,injury,"fromPGmc*wundaz(cfOSwunda,ONund,OFriswunde,OHGwunta,Gerwunde"wound"),perhapsfromPIEbase*wen"tobeat,wound"TheverbisfromOEwundianwoven(adj)c,fromppofweaveonanalogyofstolenwow,Scottishinterjection,anaturalexpressionofamazementTheverbmeaning"overwhelmwithdelightoramazement"isfirstrecorded,AmerEngslangUsedasanounmeaning"unqualifiedsuccess"sincewrcommonGmcconsonantalcombination,especiallytostartwordsimplyingtwistingordistortionRetainedinDu,FlemreducedtorinOHG,ONrepresentedbyvrinDan,SwedstillspelledwrinEng,butexceptindialectsthewceasedtobepronouncedcwrack(n)c,"wreckedship,"probablyfromMDuwrak"wreck,"cognatewithOEwræc"misery,punishment,"andwrecan"topunish,driveout"(seewreak)Themeaning"damage,disaster,destruction"(inwrackandruin)isfromc,fromtheOEwordSenseof"seaweed,etc,castuponshore"isrecordedfromTheverbmeaning"toruinorwreck"(originallyofships)isrecordedfrom,fromearlierintranssense"tobeshipwrecked"()Oftenconfusedinthissensesincecwithrack()intheverbsenseof"totortureontherack"towrackone'sbrainsisthuserroneouswraith,"ghost,"Scottish,ofuncertainoriginWeekleysuggestsONvorðr"guardian"inthesenseof"guardianangel"KleinpointstoGael,Irarrach"specter,apparition"wrangle(v),fromLowGerwrangeln"todispute,towrestle,"relatedtoMLGwringen,fromPGmc*wrang,fromPIE*wrengh,nasalizedvariantof*wergh"toturn"(seewring)ThenounisrecordedfromWrangler"personinchargeofhorsesorcattle,herder"isfirstrecordedasaproprietarynameforabrandofjeans,copyrighted,claimingusefromwrap(v)c,wrappen,ofuncertainetymology,perhapsviaScand(cfDandialectalvravle"towind"),ultfromPIE*werp"toturn,wind"(cfGkrhaptein"tosew"),frombase*wer"toturn,bend"(seeversus)Thenounisfirstrecordedcasatypeofwomen'sgarment,recordedfromMeaning"endofafilmingsession"isattestedfromFigphraseunderwraps"inconcealment"isrecordedfromWrapperisrecordedfromcwrasse,fromCornishwrach,fromWelshgurachwrathOEwræððu"anger,"fromwrað"angry"(seewroth)þu,fromPGmcitho(asinstrength,widthetc)wreakOEwrecan"avenge,"originally"todrive,driveout,punish"(classVstrongverbpasttensewræc,ppwrecen),fromPGmc*wrekanan(cfOSwrekan,ONreka,OFriswreka,MDuwreken"todrive,push,compel,pursue,throw,"OHGrehhan,Gerrächen"toavenge,"Gothwrikan"topersecute"),fromPIEbase*werg"towork,todo"(cfLithvergas"distress,"vergas"slave,"OCSvragu"enemy,"Lurgereseeurge(v))Meaning"inflictortakevengeance,"withon,isrecordedfromcthatof"inflictorcause(damageordestruction)"isattestedfromwreathOEwriða"fillet,bandage,band"(lit“thatwhichiswoundaround”),fromPGmc*writhon(cfONriða,Danvride,OHGridan"toturn,twist,"OS,OFriswreth"angry,"Duwreed"rough,harsh,cruel,"OHGreid"twisted,"ONreiða"angry"),fromPIE*wreit"toturn,bend"(cfOEwriða"band,"wriðan"totwist,torture,"wraþ"angry"),frombase*wer"toturn,bend"(seeversus)Meaning"ringorgarlandofflowers"isfirstrecordedwreathe,abackformationfromwrethen,MEppofwrithewreck(n),"goodscastashoreafterashipwreck,flotsam,"fromAngloFrwrec,fromON*wrek(cfNorw,Icelrek)"wreck,flotsam,"relatedtoreka"todrive,push"(seewreak)Themeaning"ashipwreck"isfirstrecordedthatof"awreckedship"isfromGeneralsenseof"remainsofanythingthathasbeenruined"isrecordedfromappliedbytodissipatedpersonsTheverbmeaning"todestroy,ruin"isfirstrecordedWreckageisfirstattestedwrenOEwrenna,metathesisvariationofearlierwerna,aWGmcwordofuncertainoriginCfIcelrindill,OHGwrendo,wrendilo"wren"Thebird'snameinotherlanguagesusuallydenotes"royalty"(cfLregulus),inreferencetoitsgoldencrestwrench(v)OEwrencan"totwist,"fromPGmc*wrankijanan(cfOHGrenken,Gerrenken"totwist,wrench,"OEwringan"towring"),fromPIE*wreng"toturn"(cfSktvrnakti"turns,twists,"Lithrengtis"togrowcrooked,towrithe"),nasalizedvariantof*werg"toturn"(cfLvergere"toturn,tendtoward"),frombase*wer"toturn,bend"(seeversus)wrench(n)OEwrenc"atwisting,artifice,trick"seewrench(v)Themeaning"toolwithjawsforturning"isfirstrecordedwrestOEwræstan"totwist,wrench,"fromPGmc*wraistijanan(cfONreista"tobend,twist"),derivativeof*wrig,*wreik"toturn"(seewry)Meaning"topull,detach"(something)isrecordedfromMeaning"totakebyforce"(inreftopower,authority,etc)isattestedfromwrestleOE*wræstlian,frequentativeofwræstan"towrest"(seewrest)CfNFriswrassele,MLGworstelenFigsenseisrecordedfromWrestlingisattestedbycmeaning"sportofgrapplingandthrowing"isattestedbycwretchOEwrecca"wretch,stranger,exile,"fromPGmc*wrakjan(cfOSwrekkio,OHGreckeo"abanishedperson,exile,"Gerrecke"renownedwarrior,hero"),relatedtoOEwreccan"todriveout,punish"(seewreak)Senseof"vile,despicableperson"developedinOE,reflectingthesorrystateoftheoutcast,aspresentedinmuchofAngloSaxonverse(eg"TheWanderer")AGerwordfor"misery"isElend,fromOHGelilenti"sojourninaforeignland,exile"wretchedc,wrecched,anirregularformationfromwrecche"wretch"(seewretch)Cfalsowickedwriggle,fromMLGwrigglen"towriggle,"fromPGmc*wrig,*wreik"toturn"(seewry)RelatedtoOEwrigian"toturn,incline,goforward"wrightOEwryhta"worker,"variantofearlierwyhrta,fromwyrcan"towork"(seework)Nowusuallyincombinations(wheelwright,playwright,etc)orasacommonsurnameCommonWGmccfOSwurhito,OFriswrichta,OHGwurhtowringOEwringan"press,strain,wring,twist"(classIIIstrongverbpasttensewrang,ppwrungen),fromPGmc*wrenganan(cfOEwringen"towring,pressout,"OFriswringa,MDuwringhen,Duwringen"towring,"OHGringan"tomovetoandfro,totwist,"Gerringen"towrestle"),fromPIE*wrengh"toturn,"nasalizedvariantof*wergh"toturn,"frombase*wer"toturn,bend"(seeversus)Wringer"deviceforsqueezingwaterfromclothes"firstrecordedFigphrasetoput(something)throughthewringerfirstrecorded,AmerEngwrinkle(n)(inwrinkling),probablyfromstemofOEgewrinclod"wrinkled,crooked,winding,"ppofgewrinclian"towind,crease,"fromperfectiveprefixgewrinclian"towind,"fromPGmc*wrankjan(seewrench(v))Meaning"defect,problem"firstrecordedthatof"idea,device,notion"(especiallyanewone)isfromTheverbisattestedfromwristOEwrist,fromPGmc*wristiz(cfONrist"instep,"OFriswrist,MDuwrist,GerRist"backofthehand,instep"),fromPGmc*wrig,*wreik"toturn"(seewry)Thenotionis"theturningjoint"writOEwrit"somethingwritten,pieceofwriting,"fromthepastparticiplestemofwritan(seewrite)UsedoflegaldocumentsorinstrumentssinceatleastwriteOEwritan"toscore,outline,drawthefigureof,"later"tosetdowninwriting"(classIstrongverbpasttensewrat,ppwriten),fromPGmc*writanan"tear,scratch"(cfOFriswrita"towrite,"OSwritan"totear,scratch,write,"ONrita"write,scratch,outline,"OHGrizan"towrite,scratch,tear,"Gerreißen"totear,pull,tug,sketch,draw,design"),outsideconnectionsdoubtfulWordsfor"write"inmostIElanguagesoriginallymean"carve,scratch,cut"(cfLscribere,Gkgrapho,Sktrikh)afeworiginallymeant"paint"(cfGothmeljan,OCSpisati,andmostofthemodernSlaviccognates)"Formenusetowriteanevillturneinmarblestone,butagoodturneinthedust"More,Towrite(something)off()originallywasfromaccountingfigsenseisrecordedfromWritein"unlistedcandidate"isrecordedfromwritheOEwriðan"totwistorbend,"earlier"tobindorfetter,"fromPGmc*writhanan(cfNFriswrial,OHGridan,ONriða,MSwedvriþa,MDavride),fromPIE*wreit"toturn,bend"(seewreath)wrong(adj)lateOE,"twisted,crooked,wry,"fromONrangr,earlier*wrangr"crooked,wry,wrong,"fromPGmc*wrangaz(cfDanvrang"crooked,wrong,"MDuwranc,Duwrang"sour,bitter,"lit"thatwhichdistortsthemouth"),fromPIE*wrengh"toturn"(seewring)Senseof"notright,bad,immoral,unjust"developedbycWrongthusisetymologicallyanegativeofright(fromLrectus,lit"straight")Lpravuswaslit"crooked,"butmostcommonly"wrong,bad"andotherwordsfor"crooked"alsohavemeant"wrong"inItandSlavCfalsoFrtort"wrong,injustice,"fromLtortus"twisted"WrongheadedfirstrecordedTogetuponthewrongside(ofthebed)"beinabadmood"isrecordedfromwrong(n)"thatwhichisimproperorunjust,"c,fromwrong(adj)Meaning"anunjustaction"isrecordedfromcwrong(v)"todowrongto,"c,fromwrong(adj)wrothOEwrað,"angry"(lit"tormented,twisted”),fromPGmc*wraithaz(cfOFriswreth"evil,"OSwred,MDuwret,Duwreed"cruel,"OHGreid,ONreiðr"angry,offended"),fromPIE*wreit"toturn"(seewreath)Rareorobsfromearlyctomidc,butsomewhatrevivedsince,espindignifiedwriting,orthisexchange:Secretary:"TheDeanisfuriousHe'swaxingwroth"QuincyAdamsWagstafGroucho:"IsRothouttheretooTellRothtowaxtheDeanforawhile""HorseFeathers,"wroughtc,frompastparticipleofMEwerken(seework)wry(adj),"distorted,somewhattwisted,"fromobsverbwry"tocontort,totwistorturn,"fromOEwrigian"toturn,bend,move,go,"fromPGmc*wrig(cfOFriswrigia"tobend,"MLGwrich"turned,twisted"),fromPIE*wreik"toturn"(cfGkrhoikos"crooked,"Lithraisas"paralysed"),frombase*wer"toturn,bend"(seeversus)Ofwords,thoughts,etc,fromTheoriginalsenseisinawrywunderkindchildprodigy(especiallyinmusic),(GBShaw),fromGerWunderkind,lit"wonderchild"Wurlitzertypeofmusicalinstrument(originallyaplayerpianopopularinsilentmovietheaters,lateratypeofjukebox),,namedforTheWurlitzerCompany,foundednearCincinnati,Ohio,byRudolphWurlitzer,SaxonimmigranttoUSAnimporteratfirst,hestartedproductionofpianosincoinoperatedpianosinwurstGersausage,,fromGerWurst,fromOHGwuss,fromwussy(s),probablyanalterationofpussy()MikeDamone:Youareawuss:partwimp,andpartpussy"FastTimesatRidgemontHigh"script,wutheringNEnglanddialvariantofScottishanddialwhithering"rushing,whizzing,blustering,"fromaverbwhither(),usedinreftogustsofwindandcoughingfits,fromON*hviðra(cfNorwkvidra"togoquicklytoandfro,"relatedtoOEhwiþa"air,breeze""WutheringHeightsisthenameofMrHeathcliff'sdwelling'Wuthering'beingasignificantprovincialadjective,descriptiveoftheatmospherictumulttowhichitsstationisexposed,instormyweather"EmilyBronte,"WutheringHeights,"wyandotteNAmerIndianpeople,,fromWyandot,fromFrOuendat,fromHuronWendatwychseewitchhazelwysiwyg,computerprogrammer'sacronymfromwhatyouseeiswhatyougetwyvern,formed(withexcrescentn)fromMEwyver(c),fromAngloFrwivre,fromONFrformofOFrguivre"snake,"fromLvipera"viper"(seeviper)Inheraldry,awingeddragonwitheagle'sfeetandaserpent'sbarbedtai
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