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首页 英语词源词典复件 f

英语词源词典复件 f.doc

英语词源词典复件 f

baibainn
2018-09-05 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语词源词典复件 fdoc》,可适用于服务领域

festincompoundssuchashenfest,gabfest,etc,,AmerEng,borrowedfromGerFest"festival,"abstractedfromVolksfest,etc,fromMHGvëst,fromLfestum(seefestivity)ficationsuffixmeaning"amakingorcausing,"fromLficationem,accofficatio,ultfromfacere"tomake,do"(seefactitious)foldmultiplicativesuffix,fromOEfeald,relatedtoONfaldrGerfaltGothfalþsGkpaltos,plosLplusCrowdedoutinEngbyLatinatedouble,triple,etc,butstillinmanifold(qv)Fabian"socialist,"fromFabianSociety,foundedinBritain,namedforQuintusFabiusMaximus(surnamedCunctator"theDelayer"),thecautioustacticianwhoopposedHannibalintheSecondPunicWarTheFabianssoughttodrawadistinctionbetweentheirslowgoingtacticsandthoseofanarchistsandcommunistsTheLatingensnameispossiblyfromfaba"abean"fablec,fromOFrfable,fromLfabula"story,play,fable,"lit"thatwhichistold,"fromfari"speak,tell,"fromPIEbase*bha"speak"(seefame)Senseof"animalstory"comesfromAesopInmodernfolkloreterms,definedas"ashort,comictalemakingamoralpointabouthumannature,usuallythroughanimalcharactersbehavinginhumanwaysal"isfromFruitcakeisfromintheliteralsenseslangmeaning"lunatic"isfirstattestedFruitless"ineffectual"isfromfruition,"actofenjoying,"fromLLfruitionem(nomfruitio)"enjoyment,"nounofactionfromLfrui"touse,enjoy"Senseof"actorstateofbearingfruit"isfirstrecordedbymistakenassociationwithfruitfrumbierdinganexcellentOEwordmeaning"ayouth"fromfruma"first"beardfrumious,coinedbyLewisCarroll,whosaiditwasablendoffumingandfuriousHeuseditinboth"Jabberwocky"and"TheHuntingoftheSnark"()frumpy,"crosstempered,"fromfrump(n)"badtemper"()andanearliervmeaning"tomock,browbeat"(),ofobscureorigin,perhapsimitativeofasneerorderisivesnortSenseof"sourlooking,unfashionable"isfrom,butthismaybeashorteningoffrumple"towrinkle,crumple"(),fromMDuverrompelen,fromver"completely"rompelen"torumple"Frump"shabby,unstylishwoman"isfromfrustrate,fromLfrustratus,ppoffrustrari"todeceive,disappoint,frustrate,"fromfrustra(adv)"invain,inerror,"relatedtofraus"injury,harm"fry(v)c,fromOFrfrire,fromLfrigere"toroastorfry,"fromPIE*bhreu(cfSktbhrjjati"roasts,bharjanah"roasting"Persbirishtan"toroast"Gkphrygein"toroast,bake")Meaning"executeintheelectricchair"isUSslangfromTogooutofthefryingpanintothefireisfirstattestedinThomasMore()fry(n)"youngfish,",fromAngloFrfrei,fromOFrfrai"spawn,"fromfroier"torub,spawn(byrubbingabdomenonsand)"FirstappliedtohumanoffspringcinScot,thoughOEDtracesthisusagetoONfrjo,fræ"seed,offspring"fuchsia"redcolor,",fromtheplant,whichwasnamedfromtheLatinizednameofGerbotanistLeonhardFuchs()NotrelatedtoLfucus"seaweed,seawrack,tangle,"alsothenameofaredcolorpreparedfromitfuckadifficultwordtotrace,inpartbecauseitwastaboototheeditorsoftheoriginalOEDwhenthe"F"volumewascompiled,WrittenformonlyattestedfromearlycOEDndeditioncites,intheformfukkitearliestappearanceofcurrentspellingis"Bischopsmayfuckthairfillandbevnmaryit"SirDavidLyndesay,"AneSatyreoftheThrieEstaits",butpresumablyitisamuchmoreancientwordthanthat,simplyonethatwasn'tlikelytobewritteninthekindoftextsthathavesurvivedfromOEandMEBuckcitespropernameJohnleFuckerfromThewordapparentlyishintedatinascurrilouscpoem,titled"Flenflyys,"writteninbastardLandMETherelevantlinereads:Nonsuntinceliquiafuccantuuiuysofheli"TheythemonksarenotinheavenbecausetheyfuckthewivesofEly"FuccantispseudoL,andintheoriginalitiswrittenincipherTheearliestexamplesofthewordotherwisearefromScottish,whichsuggestsaScandinavianorigin,perhapsfromawordakintoNorwdialfukka"copulate,"orSwedishdialfocka"copulate,strike,push,"andfock"penis"AnothertheorytracesittoMEfkye,fike"moverestlessly,fidget,"whichalsomeant"dally,flirt,"andprobablyisfromageneralNorthSeaGmcword,cfMDufokken,Gerficken"fuck,"earlier"makequickmovementstoandfro,flick,"stillearlier"itch,scratch"thevulgarsenseattestedfromcThiswouldparallelinsensetheusualMEslangtermfor"havesexualintercourse,"swive,fromOEswifan"tomovelightlyover,sweep"(seeswivel)ChronologyandphonologyruleoutShipley'sattempttoderiveitfromMEfirk"topresshard,beat"Asanoun,itdatesfromFrenchfoutreandItalianfotterelookliketheEngwordbutareunrelated,derivedratherfromLfutuere,whichisperhapsfromPIEbase*bhau(t)"knock,strikeoff,"extendedviaafigurativeuse"fromthesexualapplicationofviolentaction"Shipleycfthesexualslanguseofbang,etcPopularandInternetderivationsfromacronyms(andthe"pluckyew"fable)aremerelyingenioustriflingTheOEwordwashæman,fromham"dwelling,home,"withasenseof"takehome,cohabit"FuckwasoutlawedinprintinEngland(bytheObscenePublicationsAct,)andtheUS(bytheComstockAct,)Thewordmayhavebeenshunnedinprint,butitcontinuedinconversation,especiallyamongsoldiersduringWWI"ItbecamesocommonthataneffectivewayforthesoldiertoexpressthisemotionwastoomitthiswordThusifasergeantsaid,'Getyouringrifles!'itwasunderstoodasamatterofroutineButifhesaid'Getyourrifles!'therewasanimmediateimplicationofurgencyanddanger"JohnBrophy,"SongsandSlangoftheBritishSoldier:,"pubThelegalbarriersbrokedowninthethcentury,withthe"Ulysses"decision(US,)and"LadyChatterley'sLover"(US,UK,)Johnsonexcludedtheword,andfuckwasn'tinasingleEnglishlanguagedictionaryfromto"ThePenguinDictionary"brokethetaboointhelatteryearHoughtonMifflinfollowed,in,with"TheAmericanHeritageDictionary,"butitalsopublisheda"CleanGreen"editionwithouttheword,toassureitselfaccesstothelucrativepublichighschoolmarketTheabbreviationF(oreff)probablybeganaseuphemistic,butbyitwasbeingusedasacussword,tooIn,thepublishersof"TheNakedandtheDead"persuadedNormanMailertousetheeuphemismfuginsteadWhenMailerlaterwasintroducedtoDorothyParker,shegreetedhimwith,"Soyou'rethemanwhocan'tspell'fuck'"ThequipsometimesisattributedtoTallulahBankheadHemingwayusedmuckin"ForwhomtheBellTolls"()ThemajorbreakthroughinpublicationwasJamesJones'"FromHeretoEternity"(),withfucks(downfromintheoriginalmanuscript)EgyptianlegalagreementsfromtherdDynasty(BCE)frequentlyincludethephrase,"Ifyoudonotobeythisdecree,mayadonkeycopulatewithyou!"ReinholdAman,"Maledicta,"SummerIntensiveformmotherfuckersuggestedfrommotherfuckingisfromFuckall"nothing"firstrecordedVerbalphrasefuckup"toruin,spoil,destroy"firstattestedcAwidespreadgroupofSlavicwords(cfPolpierdolić)canmeanboth"fornicate"and"makeamistake"Flyingfuckoriginallymeant"havesexonhorseback"andisfirstattestedcinbroadsideballad"NewFeatsofHorsemanship"Fortheunkillableurbanlegendthatthiswordisanacronymofsomesort(afictiontraceableontheInternettobutprobablypredatingthat)seehere,andalsoherefuddle,originally"togetdrunk,"later"toconfuseasthoughwithdrink"(c),ofuncertainorigin,perhapsfromLowGerfuddeln"workinaslovenlymanner(asifdrunk),"fromfuddle"worthlesscloth"Themorecommonderivativebefuddleappearedfuddyduddy"oldfashionedperson,",AmerEng,ofuncertainoriginfudge(v),alterationofMEfadge"makesuit,fit,"ofunknownoriginThetraditionalstory(attestedfrom)tracesfudgeinthissensetoaCaptainFudge,"whoalwaysbroughthomehisownersagoodcargooflies"ItseemstherereallywasalatecCaptainFudge,called"LyingFudge,"andperhapshisnameinfluencedtheformoffadgeinthesenseof"contrivewithoutthenecessarymaterials"fudge(n),AmerEng,perhapsaspecialuseoffudge(v)Interjectionis(Oh,fudge),andthenmeaning"nonsense"isfuel(n)c,fromOFrfeuaile"bundleoffirewood,"fromMLlegalterm*focalia"righttodemandmaterialformakingfire,"neutplofLfocus"hearth"fugitive,fromOFrfugitif,fromLfugitivus"fleeing"(butcommonlyusedasanounmeaning"runaway"),fromstemoffugere"runaway,flee,"fromPIEbase*bheug"toflee"(cfGkpheugein"toflee,"Lithbugstu"befrightened")ReplacedOEflymaFromccEnghadtheusefuladjfugacious"likelytoflee"fugue,fromItfuga,lit"flight,"fromLfuga"actoffleeing,"fromfugere"toflee"(seefugitive)CurrentspellingisfrominfluenceofFrversionoftheItwordDefinedinElson'sMusicDictionaryas"acompositioninstrictstyle,inwhichonesubjectisproposedbyonepartandansweredbyotherparts,accordingtocertainrules"FulbrightinreftoUSSenWilliamFulbrightofArkansas,esptotheFulbrightActof,whichauthorizedproceedsfromsalesofUSwarsurplusmaterialstobeusedtofundhighereducationoverseasfulcrum,"aprop,asupport,"borrowingofLfulcrum"bedpost,"fromfulcire"topropup,support"(seebalk)fulfillOEfullfyllan"fillup,makefull,"fromfullfyllan(seefill,whichisultimatelyfromtherootoffull)UsedearlyofprophecyandperhapsatranslationofLimplere,adimplerefulgent,fromLfulgens(genfulgentis),prpoffulgere"toshine,"relatedtofulgur"lightning,"flagrare"toblaze,glow,burn"(seephlegm)full(adj)OEfull"completely,full,"fromPGmc*fullaz(cfOFrisful,ONfullr,OHGfol,Gervoll,Gothfulls),fromPIE*ple(seeplenary)AdverbialsensewascommoninME(fullwell,fullmany,etc)FullmoonwasOEfullesmonanfirstrecordoffullbloodinrelationtoracialpurityisfromFullhouseisinthetheatricalsense,inthepokersensefull(v)"totreadorbeatclothtocleanseorthickenit,",fromOFrfuler(seefoil(v))OEhadtheagentnounfuller,probablydirectlyfromLfulloThematerialcalledfuller'searth(silicateofalumina)isfirstrecorded,socalledbecauseitwasusedincleansingclothfulminatec,"publisha'thundering'denunciation,"fromLfulminatus,ppoffulminare"hurllightning,lighten,"fromfulmen(genfulminis)"lightning,"relatedtofulgere"toshine,flash"(seephlegm)Metaphoricsense(theoriginalsenseinEng)isviaitsuseinreferencetoaformalecclesiasticalcensurefulsomeMEcompoundofful"full"som"some"Senseevolvedfrom"abundant,full"(c)to"plump,wellfed"(c)to"overgrown,overfed"()andthus,oflanguage,"offensivetotasteorgoodmanners"()Sincethes,however,itcommonlyhasbeenusedinitsoriginal,favorablesense,especiallyinfulsomepraisefumblec,"handleclumsily,"possiblyfromONfalma"tofumble,grope"SimilarwordsinScandandNorthSeaGmcsuggestonomatopoeiafromasoundfelttoindicateclumsiness(cfbumble,stumble,andobsoleteEngfamble,fimbleofroughlythesamemeaning)fume(n)c,fromOFrfum"smoke,steam,vapor,"fromLfumus"smoke"(v),fromPIE*dhumo(cfSktdhumah,OCSdymu,Lithdumai,OPrusdumis"smoke,"MIrdumacha"fog,"Gkthymos"spirit,mind,soul")Theverbisfirstrecordedcfigurativesenseof"showanger"isfirstrecordedfumigationc,"makearomaticsmokeaspartofaceremony,"fromOFrfumigation,fromLfumigationem(nomfumigatio),fromfumigare"tosmoke,"fromfumus"smoke,fume"rootofagere"todrive"(seeact)Senseof"expose(someoneorsomething)toaromaticfumes"isc,originallyasamedicinalortherapeutictreatmentfun,v,"tocheat,hoax,"probablyavariantofMEfon"befool"(c),later"trick,hoax,practicaljoke,"ofuncertainoriginStigmatizedbyJohnsonas"alowcantword"Oldersenseispreservedinphrasetomakefunofandfunnymoney"counterfeitbills"(,thoughthismaybemoreforthesakeoftherhyme)senseof"amusement"isSeealsofunnyfunambulist"ropewalker,",coinedfromLfunis"rope"ambulare"towalk"function(n),fromMFrfonction,fromOFrfunction,fromLfunctio(genfunctionis)"performance,execution,"fromfunctus,ppoffungi"perform,execute,discharge"UseinmathematicsprobablybegunbyLeibnitz()Functionalasaterminarchitecturemeaning"utilitarian"isfromFunctionary"onewhohasacertainfunction"is,fromFrfonctionnaire,awordoftheRevolutionfund(n),fromFrfond"abottom,floor,ground,"also"amerchant'sbasicstockorcapital,"fromLfundus"bottom,pieceofland,"fromPIEbase*bhu(n)d,cognatewithSktbudhnah,Gkpythmen"foundation,bottom,"OEbotm"lowestpart"(seebottom)Theverbis,fromthenounFunds"moneyatone'sdisposal"isfromFundraiserfirstattestedfundament,"buttocks,anus,"fromLfundamentum,fromfundare"tofound"(seefound())Socalledbecauseitiswhereonesits"Alleþefilþofhismagh'maw'sallebresteoutattehisfondamentfordrede""CursorMundi,"cfundamentalc,"primary,original,pertainingtoafoundation,"modeledonLLfundamentalis"ofthefoundation,"fromLfundamentum"foundation"(seefundament)Religioussensesoffundamentalist()andfundamentalism()beganinAmerEngwithamovementamongProtestantscbasedonscripturalinerrancy,etc,andassociatedwithWilliamJenningsBryan,amongothersFundamentalistfirstusedinprintbyCurtisLeeLaws,editorof"TheWatchmanExaminer,"aBaptistnewspaper"'Fundamentalism'appearstohavebeenusedfirstinconnexionwiththe(American)NorthernBaptistConventionoftodescribethemoreconservativedelegateswhodesired'torestate,reaffirm,andreemphasizethefundamentalsofourNewTestamentfaith'Now'Fundamentalism'appearstodescribethebigotedrejectionofallBiblicalcriticism,amechanicalviewofinspirationandanexcessivelyliteralistinterpretationofscripture""LondonTimes,"Aug,GarryWills,in"UnderGod"()tracesthetermsandthemovementtothePresbyterianGeneralAssemblyof,whichdrewupalistoffivedefiningqualitiesof"truebelievers"whichotherevangelicalspublishedinamasscirculationseriesofbookscalled"TheFundamentals"AWorld'sChristianFundamentalsAssociationwasfoundedinAppliedtootherreligions,especiallyIslam,sincefuneral(n),fromMFrfunérailles(pl)"funeralrites,"fromMLfuneralia"funeralrites,"originallyneutplofLLfuneralis"havingtodowithafuneral,"fromLfunus(genfuneris)"funeral,death,corpse,"originunknown,perhapsultfromPIEbase*dheu"todie"SingularandpluralusedinterchangeablyinEnguntilcTheadjfunerealisfirstattested,byinfluenceofMFrfunerail,fromLfunereus,fromfunusfungo,baseballslang,perhapsfromdialfonge"catch,"arelicofOEfon"seize"(seefang),orpossiblyfromtheGercognatefangenNotinOEDnded()fungus,fromLfungus,learnedalternativetomushroom(Thoughfungewasusedinthissenselatec)TheLisbelievetobecognatewith(orderivedfrom)Gksphongos,theAtticformofspongos"sponge"(seesponge)funk()"depression,illhumor,",probablyoriginallyScottishandnorthernEnglish,earlierasaverb,"panic,failthroughpanic,"(),saidtobecOxfordUniversityslang,perhapsfromFlemfonck"perturbation,agitation,distress,"possiblyrelatedtoOFrfunicle"wild,mad"funk()"badsmell,",fromdialFrfunkière"smoke,"fromOFrfungier"giveoffsmoke,"fromLfumigare"tosmoke"Inreferencetoastyleofmusic,itisfirstattested,abackformationoffunkyFunkywasoriginally"old,musty"(),inreferencetocheeses,then"repulsive,"butbegantodevelopanapprovingsenseinjazzslangc,probablyonthenotionof"earthy,strong,deeplyfelt"FunkyalsowasusedearlycbywhitewritersinreftobodyodorallegedlypeculiartoblacksThewordreachedwiderpopularityc(egdefinitionin"Time"magazine,Nov,)andinthesacquiredabroadslangsenseof"fine,stylish,excellent"funnel(n),fromMFrfonel,fromProvenfounilh,"awordfromtheSouthernwinetrade"Weekley,fromLLfundibulum,shortenedfromLinfundibulum"afunnelorhopperinamill,"frominfundere"pourin,"fromin"in"fundere"pour"(seefound())Theverbisfromfunny"humorous,",fromfun(qv)Meaning"strange,odd"is,saidtobeoriginallyUSSouthernThetwosensesofthewordleadtotheretortquestion"funnyhahaorfunnypeculiar,"whichisattestedfromFunnyfarm"mentalhospital"isslangfromFunnybone"elbowendofthehumerus"isfunnies"newspapercomicstrips"isfromfur,probablyfromOFrfourrer"toline,sheathe,"fromfuerre"sheath,covering,"fromFrank*fodr(cfOHG>*poul*pulfotar"acover"),fromPGmc*fothram"sheath"Then(c)isfromtheverbItwasfirstappliedcto"animalhairstillontheanimal"Furrier()isonthemodelofclothier"I'lemakethefurFlie'bouttheearesoftheoldCur"Butler,"Hudibras,"furbishc,fromOFrforbiss,prpstemofforbir"topolish,"fromaGmcsource(cfOHGfurban"topolish")furiousc,fromOFrfurieus,fromLfuriosus"fullofrage,mad,"fromfuria"rage,passion,fury"Furioso,fromtheItformoftheword,wasusedinEngccfor"anenragedperson,"probablyfromAriosto's"OrlandoFurioso"furl,possiblyfromMFrferler"tofurl,"fromOFrferlier,perhapsfromfer"firm"(fromLfirmusseefirm(adj))lier"tobind"(fromLligare)furlongOEfurlang"measureofdistance"(roughlyyards),originallythelengthofafurrowinthecommonfieldofacres,fromfurh"furrow"lang"long"Butthe"acre"ofthecommonfieldbeingvariouslymeasured,thefurlongwasfixedconthestadium,oneeighthofaRomanmilefurlough,fromDuverlof,lit"permission,"fromMDuver"completely,for"laf"permission,"whichisrelatedtothesecondelementinbelieveandtoleave(n)Theghspellingdevelopedbysandrepresentsan"f"thatwasoncepronouncedattheendofthewordfurnacec,fromOFrfornais,fromLfornacem(nomfornax)"anoven,kiln,"relatedtofornus,furnus"oven,"andtoformus"warm,"fromPIEbase*ghworm"warm"(cfGkthermos,OEwearmseewarm)furnish,fromMFrfurniss,prpstemoffurnir"furnish,accomplish,"fromOFr,fromVL*fornire,alterationof*fromire,fromWGmc*frumjan"forwardmovement,advancement"(cfOHGfrumjan"todo,execute,provide"),fromPGmc*fram"forwards"(seefrom)furniture,"actoffurnishing,"fromMFrfourniture,fromfournir"furnish"Senseof"chairs,tables,etchouseholdstuff"()isuniquetoEngmostotherEuropeanlanguagesderivetheirwordsforthisfromLmobile"movable"furorc,fromMFrfureur,fromLfuror,relatedtofuria"rage,passion,fury"furrow(n)OEfurh"furrow,"fromPGmc*furkh(cfONfor"furrow,drainageditch"MDuvore,DuvoorGerFurche"furrow"),fromPIE*prk(cfLporca"ridgebetweentwofurrows,"OIrrech,Welshrhych"furrow")"SomescholarsconnectthiswordwithLporcus,EngFARROW,assigningtothecommonrootthesense'torootlikeaswine'"OEDTheverbmeaning"tomakewrinklesinone'sface,brow,etc"isfromfurtherOEfurðor(adv),furðra(adj),(ge)fyrðan(v)"further,impel,"etymologicallyrepresentingeither"forther"or"forether"Theformerwouldbefromfurðum(seeforth)compsuffix*eron,*uron(cfinner,outer)AlternateetymologytracesittoPGmc*furþeron,fromPIE*prtero,(cfGkproteros"former"),fromrootofforecompsuffixalsofoundinafter,otherSensesof"inaddition,toagreaterextent"arelatermetaphoricdevelopmentsFurthermoreisfromcfurtive(impliedinfurtively),fromFrfurtif,fromLfurtivus"stolen,hidden,secret,"fromfurtum"theft,robbery,"fromfur(genfuris)"thief"furyc,"fiercepassion,"fromOFrfurie,fromLfuria"violentpassion,rage,madness,"relatedtofurere"torage,bemad"RomansusedFuriætotranslateGkErinyes,thecollectingnamefortheavengingdeitiessentfromTartarustopunishcriminals(inlateraccountsthreeinnumberandfemale)Hence,figuratively,"anangrywoman"(c)furze"evergreenshrub,"OEfyrs,ofunknownorigin,withnoknownconnectionsfuse(v),"tomelt,"fromfusionFigurativesenseof"blendingofdifferentthings"isfirstrecordedfusefuze(n),fromItfuso"spindle"(socalledbecausetheoriginalswerelong,thintubesfilledwithgunpowder),fromLfusus"spindle,"ofuncertainoriginInfluencedbyFrfusée"spindlefulofhempfiber,"andobsoleteEngfusee"musketfiredbyafuse"Meaningof"devicethatbreaksanelectricalcircuit"firstrecorded,sonamedforitsshape,buterroneouslyattributedtofuse(v)becauseitmeltsfuselage,fromFrfuselage,fromfuselé"spindleshaped,"fromOFr*fus"spindle,"fromLfusus"spindle"Socalledfromitsshapefusilier,"soldierarmedwithamusket,"fromFrfusilier,fromOFrfusil"musket,"earlier"steelforatinderbox,"fromVL*focilis(petra)"(stone)producingfire,"fromLfocus"hearth,"inVL"fire"RetainedbycertainregimentsoftheBritisharmythatwereformerlyarmedwithfusilsfusillade"simultaneousdischargeoffirearms,",fromFrfusillade,fromfusiller"toshoot,"fromfusil"musket"(seefusilier)fusion,fromMFrfusion,fromLfusionem(nomfusio),fromfusus,ppoffundere"pour,melt"(seefound())Innuclearphysicssense,firstrecordedfuss(n),perhapsanalterationofforce,orimitativeofbubblingorsputteringsounds,orfromDanfjas"foolery,nonsense"FirstattestedinAngloIrishwriters,butnoobviousconnectionstoIrishTheverbisfirstattested,fromthenounfussyisfromTomakeafusswasearliertokeepafuss()fustian"thickcottoncloth,"c,fromOFrfustaigne,fromMLfustaneum,probablyfromLfustis"staff,stickofwood,"probablyaloantranslationofGkxylinalina"linensofwood"(ie"cotton"),buttheMLwordisalsoderivedfromFostat,townnearCairowherethisclothwasmanufacturedFigurativesenseof"pompous,inflatedlanguage"firstrecordedcfusty"stalesmelling,",fromOFrfusté"fusty,tastingofthecask,"fromOFrfuist,"winecask,"originally"stick,stave,"fromLfustis"staff,stickofwood"futhorc,historians'namefortheGmcrunicalphabet,socalledfromitsfirstsixletters,onthemodelofalphabetfutilec,fromMFrfutile,fromLfutilis"vain,worthless,futile,"lit"pouringouteasily"(ofavessel),hence"easilyemptied,leaky,unreliable,"frombaseoffundere"pour,melt,"fromPIE*gheu"topour"(seefound())futon,fromJapanese,saidtomean"bedroll"or"placetorest"future(adj)c,fromOFrfutur,fromLfuturus"abouttobe,"irregularsuppletivefutureparticipleofesse"tobe"ThenismodeledonLfutura,neutploffuturusAsamovementinthearts,futurismisfromItfuturismo,coinedbyItpoetFilippoTommasoMarinetti()Futuristicfirstattestedinthefuturismsenseas"oforpertainingtothefuture"itisattestedfromfuzz,fusse,firstattestedinfusball"puffballoftinyspores,"ofuncertainoriginMeaning"thepolice"isAmerEng,underworldslang,originandconnectiontotheolderwordunknownPerhapsavariantoffuss,withanotionof"hardtoplease"Fuzzyisas"soft,spongy"as"coveredwithfuzz"as"blurred"andas"imprecise,"withreftothought,etcFührer,fromFührerundReichskanzler,titleassumedbyHitlerinasheadofGermanstate,fromGerFührer"leader,"fromführen"tolead,"fromMHGvüeren"tolead,drive,"fromOHGfuoren"tosetinmotion,lead,"causativeofOHGfaran"togo,travel,"whichiscognatewithOEfaran(seefare(v))Hitler'stitlewasmodeledonMussolini'sDuc
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