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首页 英语词源词典复件 k

英语词源词典复件 k.doc

英语词源词典复件 k

baibainn
2018-09-05 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语词源词典复件 kdoc》,可适用于服务领域

kindimsuffix,firstattestedcinpropernamesadoptedfromFlandersandHolland,probablyfromMDukin,properlyadoubledim,fromkinEquivalenttoGerchenK"onethousanddollars,"s,fromkiloAsanindicationof"strikeout"inbaseballscorekeeping,firstrecordedc,saidtobefromlastletterofstruck,sincefirstletterwasalreadybeingusedasabbreviationforsacrificeTheinventionofthescorecardsymbolsisattributedtonewspapermanHenryChadwickKasameasureofcapacity(espincomputermemory)ornumber(espofsalary),meaning"onethousand"isanabbrevofkilo(qv)Kaaba(Caaba),cubeshapedbuildingintheGreatMosqueofMecca,containingtheBlackStone,fromArabicka'bah"squarehouse,"fromka'b"cube"kabuki,fromJapanese,populartheater(asopposedtoshadowpuppetplaysorlyricalNohdramas),lit"artofsonganddance,"fromka"song"bu"dance"ki"art"Alternateetymology(inWebster's)isfromnominalformofkabuku"tobedivergent,todeviate,"fromearlyopinionofthisformofdramaSincec,allpartsareplayedbymalesKaddish"doxologyoftheJewishritual,",fromAramaicqaddish"holy,holyone,"fromstemofq'dhash"washoly,"iusknyaz,Bohknez),Lithkunigas"clergyman"areloansfromGmcInOE,usedfornamesofchiefsofAnglianandSaxontribesorclans,thenofthestatestheyfoundedAlsoextendedtoBritishandDanishchiefstheyfoughtThechesspiecesocalledfromtheplayingcardfromuseincheckersdraughtsfirstrecordedAppliedinnaturetospeciesdeemedremarkablybigordominant(egkingcrab,),"Asleonisthekingofbestes"JohnGower,"ConfessioAmantis,"Kingfisher()wasoriginallyking'sfisher,forobscurereasonsKingdomcome"thenextworld"()isfromtheLord'sPrayerThefilm"KingKong"wasreleasedking'sevil"scrofula,",translatesMLregiusmorbussocalledbecausethekingsofEnglandandFranceclaimedtohealitbytheirtouchInEngland,thecustomdatesfromEdwardtheConfessorandwascontinuedthroughtheStuarts(CharlesIItouched,sufferers)butwasendedbytheHanoverians()kink,nauticalterm,fromDukink"twistinarope"(alsofoundinFrandSwed),probablyrelatedtoONkika"tobendattheknee"(seekick)Figurativesenseof"oddnotion,mentaltwist"firstrecordedinAmerEng,,inwritingsofThomasJeffersonkinky"sexuallyperverted"firstrecorded,earlieritwasusedinthesenseof"eccentric"()kiosk,"openpavilion,"fromFrkiosque,fromTurkkoshk"pavilion,palace,"fromPerskushk"palace,portico"ModernsenseinfluencedbyBrittelephonekiosk()kipperOEcypera"malesalmon,"perhapsrelatedtocoper"reddishbrownmetal"(seecopper),onresemblanceofcolorAnothertheoryconnectsittokip,nameforthesharp,hookedlowerjawofthemalesalmoninbreedingseason,fromMEkippen"tosnatch,tug,pull"Themodernwordusuallyreferstokipperedherring,fromaverbmeaning"tocureafishbycleaning,salting,andspicingit"()Thetheoryisthatthiswasoriginallydonetosalmon,hencethenamekir"whitewineandcrèmedecassis,"(popularinUSs),fromCanonFelixKir(),mayorofDijon,whoissaidtohaveinventedtherecipekirkc,northernEnglandandScotdialformofchurch,fromONkirkja"church,"fromOEcirice(seechurch)kirschwasser"liquordistilledfromfermentedcherryjuice,",fromGer,lit"cherrywater"firstelementfromMHGkirse,fromOHGkirsa,fromVL*ceresia,fromLLcerasium"cherry"(seecherry)kirtle"aman'stunicawoman'sskirt,"OEcyrtel,relatedtoONkyrtill"tunic,"probablybothfromLcurtus"short"dimsuffixelkismet,fromTurkqismet,fromArqismah,qismat"portion,lot,fate,"fromrootofqasama"hedivided"kiss(v)OEcyssan"tokiss,"fromPGmc*kussijanan(cfOSkussian,ONkyssa,OFriskessa,Gerküssen),from*kuss,probablyultimatelyimitativeofthesoundTheOEnounwascoss,whichbecameMEcuss,butthisyieldedtokiss,fromtheverbForvowelevolution,seeburyThereappearstobenocommonIErootwordfor"kiss,"thoughsuggestionsofacommonkusoundmaybefoundintheGmcrootandGkkynein"tokiss,"Hittitekuwashanzi"theykiss,"Sktcumbati"hekisses""Kissing,asanexpressionofaffectionorlove,isunknownamongmanyraces,andinthehistoryofmankindseemstobealatesubstituteforthemoreprimitiverubbingofnoses,sniffing,andlicking"Buck,pSomelanguagesmakeadistinctionbetweenthekissofaffectionandthatoferoticlove(cfLsaviari"erotickiss,"vsosculum,lit"littlemouth")Frembrasser"kiss,"butlit"embrace,"cameaboutincwhentheolderwordbaiser(fromLbasiare)acquiredanobsceneconnotationKissofdeath()isinreftoJudas'kissinGethsemane(Mattxxvi)Slangkisser"mouth"isfromInsultinginvitationkissmyassisatleastfrom,butprobablymucholder(cf"TheMiller'sTale")kit()"roundwoodentub,",probablyfromMDukitte"jug,tankard,woodencontainer,"ofunknownoriginMeaning"collectionofpersonaleffects,"especiallyfortraveling(originallyinreftoasoldier),isfromthatof"oitoftoolsforaworkman"isfromKitandcaboodleis,fromboodle"lot,collection,"perhapsfromDuboedel"property"kit()"smallfiddleusedbydancingteachers,",probablyashorteningofOEcythere,fromLcithara,fromGkkithara(seeguitar)kitcatclubfoundedbyWhigpoliticiansinLondon,socalledfromChristopher("Kit")Catling,keeperofthetavernonShireLane,nearTempleBar,inwhichtheclubfirstmetAsadesignationfor"asizeofportraitlessthanhalflength"(),supposedlybecausethediningroominwhichportraitsofclubmembershungwastoolowforhalflengthportraitskitchenOEcycene,fromWGmc*kocina(cfMDucökene,OHGchuhhina,GerKüche,Dankjøkken),probablyborrowedfromVL*cocina(cfFrcuisine,Spcocina),variantofLcoquina"kitchen,"fromfemofcoquinus"ofcooks,"fromcoquus"cook,"fromcoquere"tocook"(seecook(n))Kitchencabinet"informalbutpowerfulsetofadvisors"isAmerEngslang,,originallyinreftoadministrationofPresidentAndrewJacksonKitchenmidden()inarchaeologytranslatesDankjøkkenmøddingTheNewYorkCityneighborhoodofHell'sKitchenisfirstattestedKitchenetteisfrom,AmerEngPhraseeverythingbutthekitchensinkisfromWorldWarIIarmedforcesslang,inreftointensebombardmentkitebirdofprey(Milvusictinus),OEcyta"kindofhawk,"probablyimitativeofitscries(cfciegan"tocall,"GerKauz"screechowl")Thetoykitefirstsocalled,fromitswayofhoveringintheairlikeabirdMeaning"writeafictitiouscheck"(,AmerEng)isfromphraseflyakite"raisemoneybyissuingcommercialpaperonnonexistentfunds"However,thedismissiveinvitationtogoflyakiteissaidtobeareftothebird,reflectingthecontemptofitasascavengerandeaterofgarbagekithOEcyðð"nativecountry,home,"fromcuð"known,"ppofcunnan"toknow"(seecan(v))Thealliterativephrasekithandkin()originallymeant"countryandkinsmen"kitsch,fromGer,lit"gaudy,trash,"fromdialkitschen"tosmear"kitten,probablyfromanAngloFrvariantofOFrchitoun(ONFrcaton)"littlecat,"fromchat"cat,"fromLLcattus(seecat)Appliedplayfullytoayounggirl,asweetheart,fromkitty,variantofkitten,perhapsinflbykitty"girl,youngwoman"(c),originallyapetformofCatherineThesenseof"poolofmoneyinacardgame"firstrecorded,probablyfromkit,inasenseof"collectionofnecessarysupplies"(seekit())butperhapsratherfromnorthernslangkitty"prison,jail,lockup"(),ofuncertainoriginKittyHawk,NC,isapparentlyamanglingofanativeAlgonquiannameitalsohasbeenwrittenasChicahaukKiwanisbusinessmen'sandprofessionals'society,formedinDetroit,,thenameisofobscuremeaningkiwi"typeofflightlessbird,",fromMaorikiwi,ofimitativeoriginAsslangfor"aNewZealander,"itisattestedfromThekiwifruit(Actiniachinesis),wasoriginallyimportedtotheUSfromChina(c)andisknowninNewZealandasChinesegooseberry()klatsch,fromGer,"gossip,"whichissaidinGersourcestobeonomatopoeic(cfklatschen"claphands,"klatsch"asingleclapofthehands")klaxon"loudwarninghorn,",originallyofcars,saidtohavebeennamedforthecompanythatmadethem,probablybasedonGkklazein"toroar,"cognatewithLclangere"toresound"KleagletitleofanofficerintheKKK,,fromKlaneagleKleenex,proprietaryname,regbyCellucottonProductsCompany,Neenah,Wisconsin,USlaterKimberlyClarkCorpAnarbitraryalterationofcleanbrandnamesuffixexkleptomania,formedfromGkkleptes"thief"(fromkleptein"tosteal,actsecretly"fromPIEbase*klep"tosteal,"extentionofbase*kel"tocover,conceal"cfLclepere"tosteal,listensecretlyto,"OPrussauklipts"hidden,"OCSpoklopu"cover,wrapping,"Gothhlifan"tosteal,"hliftus"thief")mania"madness"ShortenedformkleptoforkleptomaniacisattestedfromKleptocracy"rulebyaclassofthieves"isfirstattested,inreftoSpainklezmerlatec(pluralklezmorim)originally,"anitinerantEastEuropeanJewishprofessionalmusician,"fromHebkleyzemer,lit"vesselsofsong,"thus"musicalinstruments"kliegkindofarclampusedasastudiolight,,fromUSengineers,brothersAntonandJohnKliegl,whoinventeditKlondiketributaryoftheYukonRiverinnorthwesternCanada,fromKutchintronduik"hammerriver"Sceneofagoldrushafterklutz(impliedinklutzy),AmerEng,fromYiddishklots"clumsyperson,blockhead,"lit"block,lump,"fromMHGklotz"lump,ball"knGmcconsonantcluster,stillevidentinmostsisterlanguagesbutinEngithasbeenreducedtoninstandardpronunciationsincebefore,andforaboutacenturybeforethatithadbeenpronouncedhn,dn,tnItwasfullyvoicedinOEandMEknack,"deception,trick,device,"ofuncertainorigin,probablyfromaLowGerwordmeaning"asharpsoundingblow"(cfMEknak,cGerknacken"tocrack"),ofimitativeoriginSenseof"specialskill"isfirstrecorded,ifthisisinfactthesamewordknapsack,fromLowGerKnapsack(Duknapzak),probablyfromknappen"toeat"lit"tocrack,snap"Sack"bag"knaveOEcnafa"boy,maleservant,"commonGmc(cfOHGknabo"boy,youth,servant,"Gerknabe"boy,lad,"alsoprobablyrelatedtoOEcnapa"boy,youth,servant,"ONknapi"servantboy,"Duknaap"ayouth,servant,"MHGknappe"ayoungsquire,"GerKnappe"squire,shieldbearer")Theoriginalmeaningmayhavebeen"stick,pieceofwood"Senseof"rogue,rascal"firstrecordedcInplayingcards,"thejack,"kneadOEcnedan"toknead,"fromPGmc*knedanan(cfOSknedan,MDucneden,Gerkneten,ONknoða"toknead")Originallyastrongverb(pasttensecnæd,ppcneden)kneeOEcneo,cneow"knee,"fromPGmc*knewan(cfONkne,OFriskni,MDucnie,OHGkniu),fromPIEbase*g(e)neu(cfSktjanu,Avestanznum,Hittitegenu"knee"Gkgony"knee,"gonia"corner,angle"Lgenu"knee")Theverbmeaning"tostrikewiththeknee"isfirstrecordedPhrasekneehightoagrasshopperfirstrecorded(earliestformwaskneehightoatoad,)KneedeepisfromKneejerk(thepatellarreflex)isaneurologicalphenomenondiscoveredandnamedthefigurativeuseappearedsoonafterthephrasewascoinedKneeslapper"funnyjoke"isfromkneelOEcneowlian,fromcneow(seeknee)cfGothknussjan,Gkgnyx"withbentknee"Pasttensekneltisamodernformation(c)onanalogyoffeelfelt,etcknell(n)OEcnyll"soundmadebyabellwhenstruckorrungslowly,"ofimitativeoriginCfMHGerknellen"toresound,"OEcnyllanTheWelshc"deathbell"appearstobeaborrowingfromEngForvowelevolution,seeburyKnessetIsraeliparliament,,fromMishnaicHebkeneseth"gathering,assembly,"fromstemofHebkanas"hegathered,assembled,collected"knickknack,reduplicationofknack"stratagem,trick"(qv)knickerbocker"descendantofDusettlerofNewYork,",fromDiedrichKnickerbocker,thenameunderwhichWashingtonIrvingpublishedhispopular"HistoryofNewYork"()ThepennamewasborrowedfromIrving'sfriendHermanKnickerbocker,andlitmeans"toymarblebaker"knickers"short,loosefittingundergarment,"nowusuallyforwomen,,shorteningofknickerbockers(),saidtobesocalledfortheirresemblancetothoseofDutchmeninCruikshank'sillustrationsfromWashingtonIrving's"HistoryofNewYork"(seeknickerbocker)knifelateOEcnif,fromONknifr,fromPGmc*knibaz(cfMLGknif,MDucnijf,Gerkneip),ofuncertainoriginTheverbisfirstattested,fromthenounFrcanif"penknife"()isborrowedfromMEorONknightOEcniht"boy,youth,servant,"commonWGmc(cfOFriskniucht,Duknecht,MHGkneht"boy,youth,lad,"GerKnecht"servant,bondsman,vassal"),ofunknownoriginMeaning"militaryfollowerofakingorothersuperior"isfromcBegantobeusedinaspecificmilitarysenseinHundredYearsWar,andgraduallyroseinimportancethroughMEperioduntilitbecamearankinthenobilitycTheverbmeaning"tomakeaknightof(someone)"isfromcKnighthoodisOEcnihthad"theperiodbetweenchildhoodandmanhood"senseof"rankordignityofaknight"isfromcThechesspiecesocalledfromcKnightinshiningarmorisfromKnightsofColumbus,societyofCatholicmen,foundedinNewHavenKnightsofLabor,tradeunionassociation,foundedinPhiladelphia,KnightsofPythias,secretorder,foundedinWashington,knitOEcnyttan"totiewithaknot,bind,fasten,"relatedtoONknytja,MLGknütten"totie,knot,"OEcnotta"aknot,"fromPGmc*knuttjan,fromstem*knuttOfbrows,cMeaning"todoknitting"(especiallyplainstitch)isfromKnitting"knittedwork"attestedfromknob,knobe,probablyfromaScandorGersource(cfMLGknobbe"knob,"ONknyfill"shorthorn")Meaning"knoll,isolatedroundhill"isfirstrecorded,especiallyinUSknock(v)OEcnocian(WSaxoncnucian),likelyofimitativeoriginMeaning"deprecate,putdown"isfromKnockoff"cheapimitation"isfromKnockout"tostunbyablowforacount"inboxingisshortfortoknockoutoftimeslangknockout"attractiveperson"isfromToknockoneselfout"makeagreateffort"isfromKnockkneedfirstattestedCommandknockitoff"stopit"isfirstrecordedKnocker"doorbanger"isfromknockers"awoman'sbreasts"isfromKnockupisinsenseof"arousebyknockingatthedoor"howeveritislittleusedinthissenseinAmerEng,wherethephrasemeans"getawomanpregnant"(),possiblyultfromknock"tocopulatewith"(cfslangknockingshop"brothel,")"KnockedupintheUnitedStates,amongstfemales,thephraseisequivalenttobeingenciente,sothatEnglishmenoftenunconsciouslycommitthemselveswhenamongstourYankeecousins"JohnCamdenHotten,"TheSlangDictionary,"London,knollOEcnoll"hilltop,smallhill,"relatedtoONknollr"hilltop"Gerknolle"clod,lump"Duknol"turnip,"nol"ahill"knotOEcnotta"intertwiningofropes,cords,etc,"fromPGmc*knuttan(cfLowGerknütte,Duknot,OHGknoto,GerKnoten,perhapsalsoONknutr"knot,knob")Figsenseof"difficultproblem"wasinOE(cfGordianknot)Symbolicofthebondofwedlock,cAsanornamentofdress,firstattestedMeaning"thickenedpartorprotuberanceontissueofaplant"isfromThenauticalunitofmeasure()isfromthepracticeofattachingknottedstringtotheloglineTheship'sspeedcanbemeasuredbythenumberofknotsthatplayoutwhilethesandglassisrunning"Thedistancebetweentheknotsontheloglineshouldcontainofamile,supposingtheglasstorunexactlyhalfaminute"JorgeJuanandAntoniodeUlloa,"AVoyagetoSouthAmerica"Theverbmeaning"totieinaknot"isfromKnotholeisfromKnothead"stupidperson"isfromknowOEcnawan(classVIIstrongverbpasttensecneow,ppcnawen),fromPGmc*knoeanan(cfOHGbichnaan,irchnaan"toknow"),fromPIEbase*gno"toknow"(cfOPersxšnasatiy"heshallknow"OCSznati,Rusznat"toknow"LgnoscereGk*gno,asingignoskeinSktjna"know")OncewidespreadinGmc,thisformisnowretainedonlyinEng,wherehoweverithaswidespreadapplication,coveringmeaningsthatrequiretwoormoreverbsinotherlanguages(egGerwissen,kennen,erkennenandinpartkönnenFrconnaître,savoirLnovisse,cognoscire,scireOCSznaja,vemi)TheAngloSaxonsusedtwodistinctwordsforthis,witan(seewit)andcnawanMeaning"tohavesexualintercoursewith"isattestedfromc,fromtheOTTonotknowone'sassfromone'selbowisfromToknowbetter"tohavelearnedfromexperience"isfromYouknowasaparentheticalfillerisfrom,butithasrootsincMEKnowhow"technicalexpertise"firstrecordedinAmerEngKnownothing"ignoramus"isfromasaUSnativistpoliticalparty,active,thenamereferstothesecretsocietyatthecoreoftheparty,aboutwhichmemberswereinstructedtoanswer,ifaskedaboutit,thatthey"knownothing"ThepartymergedintotheRepublicanPartyknowledgeMEcnawleceForfirstelementseeknowSecondelementobscure,perhapscognatewiththelock"action,process,"foundinwedlockknucklec,knokel"fingerjoint,"commonGmc(cfMLGknökel,MDucnockel,Gerknöchel),lit"littlebone,"adimofPGmcroot*knuck"bone"(cfGerKnochen"bone)Toknuckledown"applyoneselfearnestly"isinAmerEng,extendedfromgameofmarblestoknuckleunderisfirstrecordedKnuckledusterisfromknucklehead"stupidperson"firstrecordedKnuckleball,typeofbaseballpitch,isfromknurl,probablyadimofMEknor"knot"(c),relatedtognarl,fromPGmc*knur(cfGerknorren"aknottyexcrescence")koala,fromtheAboriginalnameoftheanimal,variouslygivenaskoola,kulla,kulakoanZenparadox,,fromJapko"public"an"matterforthought"Kodakbrandofcamera,arbitrarycoinagebyUSinventorGeorgeEastman(),UStrademarkregSept,Ins,practicallysynonymouswithcameraKodachrome,regtrademarkforamethodofcolorphotography,kohinoorfamousdiamond,oneoftheBritishcrownjewelsaftertheannexationofPunjabin,fromPerskohinur,lit"mountainoflight,"fromPerskoh"mountain"Arabicnur"light"kohl"powderusedtodarkeneyelids,",fromArabickuhl(seealcohol)kohlrabikindofcabbage,,fromGerkohlrabi,fromItcavolirape,plofcavolorapa,lit"colerape"(seerape(n))ForminfluencedbyGerkohl"cabbage"koine,commonliterarydialectofGkinRomanandearlymedievalperiod,fromGkfemsingofkoinos"common,ordinary"kola"thecolanut,",variantofcola(qv)kolkhozUSSRcollectivefarm,,fromRus,contractionofkollektivnoekhozyaistvo"collectivefarm"Komododragon,namedforIndonesianislandofKomodo,whereitlivesKomsomolRuscommunistyouthorganization,,fromRus,contractionofKommunisticheskiiSoyuzMolodezhi"CommunistUnionofYouth"kooky,AmerEng,originallyteenagerorbeatnikslang,possiblyashorteningofcuckooNounformkookisattestedfromkopeckofaruble,fromRuskopeika,fromkop'e"lance"(cognatewithGkkopis"chopper,cleaver")socalledbecausethecoinshowedtheczarwithlanceinhandKoran,fromArabicqur'an"areading,recitation,book,"fromrootofquaraa"heread,recited"kosmeasureofdistanceinIndia(aboutmiles),fromHindikos,fromSktkrosah,lit"acall,ashout"thus,"distancewithinwhichaman'sshoutcanbeheard"kosher"rituallyfitorpure"(especiallyoffood),,fromYiddishkosher,fromHebkasher"fit,proper,lawful,"frombaseofkasher"wassuitable,proper"Generalsenseof"correct,legitimate"isfromkowtow(n),fromChinesek'ot'oucustomoftouchingthegroundwiththeforeheadtoshowrespectorsubmission,lit"knockthehead,"fromk'o"knock,bump"t'ou"head"Theverbinthefigsenseof"actinanobsequiousmanner"isfromkraken"monsteroftheNorthSea,",fromNorwdialkrakeKraut"aGerman"(espaGermansoldier),,butpopularizedduringWorldWarI,fromGerkraut"cabbage,"consideredacharacteristicnationaldishKremlin,fromFrkremlin,fromRuskrem'l"citadel,fortress,"ofTartaroriginOriginallythecitadelofanyRuscity,nowesptheoneinMoscowUsedmetonymicallyfor"governmentoftheUSSR"fromkriegspielwargamesplayedwithpiecesonmaps,,fromGerKriegsspiel,lit"wargame,"fromKrieg"war,"fromMHGkriec,mostly"exertion,opposition,enmity,"fromOHGkrig"stubbornness,defiance,"probablycognatewithGkhybris"violence"(seehubriscfalsowar)Forsecondelement,seespiel(n)IntroducedsasofficertraininginBritisharmykrill,fromNorwkril"smallfryoffish"kris"shortMalaydaggerwithawavyblade,",saidtobeaJavanesewordKrishnaeighthavatarofVishnu,,fromSktkrshnah,lit"theBlackOne,"cognatewithOCScrunu,Ruscoron,SerboCrcrn,Czechcerny,OPruskrisnas"black,"Lithkersas"blackandwhite,variegated"ult"burnt,"fromPIEbase*ker"heat,fire"(seecarbon)KrissKringle,Christkinkle(inaPennsylvaniaGermancontext),fromGerChristkindlein,Christkind'l"Christchild"ProperlyBabyJesus,notSantaClausKrugerrand,SouthAfricangoldcoin(issuedforinvestmentpurposes)bearingaportraitofTransvaalPresidentStephanusJohannesPaulusKruger()secondelementisrand,unitofdecimalcurrencyintroducedinRepublicofSouthAfrica,namedforTheRand,goldminingareainTransvaal,shortforWitwatersrandkrummhorn"curvedwindinstrument,",fromGer,lit"crookedhorn,"fromkrumm"curved,crooked"Krupp,"gunmadeatthearmamentsworksinEssen,Germany,"foundedbyGermetallurgistAlfredKrupp()krypton"inertgaseouselement,",coinedbyitsdiscoverers(SirWilliamRamsayandMorrisWTravers)fromGkkrypton,neutofkryptos"hidden"socalledbecauseitwasararegasKuKluxKlan,AmerEng,KukluxKlan,amadeupname,supposedlyfromGkkyklos"circle"(seecycle)EngclanOriginallyanorganizationofformerConfederateofficersandsoldiers,itwasputdownbytheUSmilitary,sRevivedasanationalracistProtestantfraternalorganization,itgrewtoprominencebutfracturedinthesIthadasmallernationalrevivalsasananticivilrightsgroup,laterwithantigovernmentleaningskudos"fame,renown,",fromGkkyddos"glory,fame,renown,"fromkydos"glory,fame,"lit"thatwhichisheardof"(seecaveat)AsingularnouninGk,butthefinalsisusuallymistakenasapluralsuffixinEng,leadingtothebarbarousbackformationkudo(firstattested)kudzu,fromJapkuzuPerennialclimbingplantnativetoJapanandChina,introducedinUSsoutheastasforage(s)andtostopsoilerosion(s)andquicklygotoutofhandkulturkampf,"strugglebetweenGergovernmentandCatholicChurchovercontrolofeducationalandecclesiasticalappointments,,"fromGer,lit"struggleforculture,"fromKulturKampf"combat,fight,struggle,"fromLcampus"field,battlefield"kumquat,fromChinese(Cantonese)kamkwat,fromkam"golden"kwat"orange"CantonesepronunciationofChinesekinkukungfu,fromdialChinesekungfu,literally"meritmaster"Kuomintang,ChinesenationalistpartyfoundedbySunYatSen,ledafterbyChiangKaiShekfromkuo"nation,nationalist"min"people"tang"party"Kurd,thepeople'sselfdesignationkvassRusfermenteddrinkmadefromryeorbarley,c,fromRuskvas"leaven,"fromOCSkvasu"yeast,"cognatewithLcaseus"cheese"kvetch"tocomplain,whine,",fromYiddishkvetshn,lit"squeeze,press,"fromGerquetsche"crusher,presser"kyrieeleisonc,Gkliturgicalformula,adopteduntranslatedintoLatinMass,lit"lordhavemercy"(Pscxxii,Mattxv,xvii,etc)Fromkyrie,vocofkyrios"lord,master"(seechurch)eleeson,aoristimperofeleo"Ihavepityon,showmercyto,"fromeleos"pity,mercy"(seealms
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