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首页 医学博士英语统考写作教程够与不够

医学博士英语统考写作教程够与不够.doc

医学博士英语统考写作教程够与不够

wangbadan43
2018-09-05 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《医学博士英语统考写作教程够与不够doc》,可适用于医药卫生领域

一、基本句型I表示不够、缺少:动词及词组:lacksth名词及词组:alackofsthashortageofsthinadequacydeficiency形容词及词组:insufficient(todosth)(尤指力量、金钱或资源)notenoughinadequatelackinginsthdeficientinsth(多指含量不足)副词及词组:not(good)enough例句:这种饮食缺钙。ThereisdeficientinsufficientcalciuminthedietThedietlackssufficientcalciumThereisnotenoughcalciuminthedietCalciuminthedietisdeficientinsufficient营养失调病是由于食物中缺少一种或多种健康所必需的物质。DeficiencydiseasesarecausedbyalackofoneormorefoodsubstancesnecessaryforhealthDeficiencydiseasesarecausedbyfoodslackinginoneormoresubstancesnecessaryforhealth经费不足人才短缺不能应付农村重大疫情和公共卫生突发事件。FundsandmedicalworkersareinsufficientinadequatetodealwithagraveepidemicsituationorasuddenpublichealthcrisisInsufficientInadequatefundsandmedicalworkerscannotdealwithagraveepidemicsituationorasuddenpublichealthcrisisAnapparentlackoffundsandmedicalworkersmakesusunabletodealwithagraveepidemicsituationorasuddenpublichealthcrisis公立医院的服务有许多不足之处群众很不满意。PeoplearequiteunsatisfiedwithmanyinadequaciesdeficienciesshortcomingsintheservicesofpublichospitalsInadequateDeficientInsufficientservicesofpublichospitalsmakepeoplequiteunsatisfiedPeoplearenotsatisfiedwiththeservicesofpublichospitals我国大部分城市都有缺水的大问题。WatershortageisabigprobleminmostofthecitiesinChinaMostofthecitiesinChinahavefaceagreatproblemofwatershortageMostofthecitiesinChinadonothaveenoughwater公立医院的改革力度不够。Thereformscarriedoutbythepublichospitalsarenoteffectiveefficientpowerfuladequatethoroughenough(放在形容词后面)Thereformscarriedoutbythepublichospitalsareinadequate许多人对健康危险因素评价还不够了解。ManypeoplehavenotknownHealthRiskFactorAppraisalwellenough(放在副词后面)ManypeoplehaveinadequateknowledgeunderstandingofHealthRiskFactorAppraisal性格与饮食有关的说法缺乏科学证据。ThebeliefthathumancharactersareassociatedwithdietslacksscientificevidenceThereisnotenoughevidencetosupportthenotionthathumancharactersareassociatedwithdietsThescientificevidenceisinsufficientinadequatetosupportthenotionthathumancharactersareassociatedwithdietsII表示过量、够、充分:动词及词组:exceedsthgobeyondsth名词及词组:anexcessofsthtoexcessinexcessofsth形容词:excessiveenoughsufficientadequate副词:excessivelysufficientlytooenoughover前缀例句:过度节食者难免精疲力尽。ExcessivedietersaresuretofeelexhaustedPeoplewhodiettoloseweightexcessivelytoexcesswillsurelyfeelexhaustedPeoplewhogoonadiettoloseweightexcessivelytoexcesswillsurelyfeelexhausted不过洋医院的收费是对工薪阶层来说太高了承受不了。ThepriceschargesattheforeignfundedhospitalsaretoohighexcessiveforwageearnerstobearTheexcessivelyhighpriceschargesattheforeignfundedhospitalsarebeyondwageearnersWageearnerscannotaffordthehighpricesattheforeignfundedhospitals超负荷的体力劳动和脑力劳动是易患高血压的因素。AnoverloadexcessofphysicalandmentallaborislikelytoleadtohypertensionExcessivephysicalandmentallaborisalikelyfactorofhypertensionPhysicalandmentaloverworkisalikelyfactorofhypertensionIfoneoverworksworkstoohardphysicallyandmentally,heislikelytodevelophypertensionIfonedoesphysicalormentallabortoohard,heislikelytodevelophypertension不要把自己的抱负目标定得太高。DonotbetooambitiousDonotbeoverambitiousDonothaveexcessiveambitionsDonothaveyourgoalsexceedyourabilityorrealisticpossibilityDonotsetgoalsbeyondyourabilityorrealisticpossibility只要不过分饮酒是有好处的。DrinkingisOKaslongasyoudonotdoittoexcessDrinkingisbeneficialtohealthaslongasitisnotexcessiveItdoesonegoodifonedoesnotdrinkexcessivelytoomuchtoexcessDinkingisgoodbutoverdrinkingisbad工作时间不要超过每周小时。WorkingtimeshouldnotexceedgobeyondhoursaweekOneshouldnotworkbeyondhoursaweekOneshouldnotworkinexcessofhoursaweekOneshouldworknomorethanhoursaweek疫苗的效果超过了科学家们的期望。TheeffectivenessresultsoutcomesofthevaccineexceededwentbeyondexpectationsofthescientistsTheeffectivenessresultsoutcomesofthevaccineweremuchbetterthanthescientistshadexpectedTheeffectsofthevaccinewereexcellent人口过剩是指人口增长速度超过社会经济增长速度。OverpopulationreferstothespeedofpopulationgrowthwhichexceedsgoesbeyondthatofsocialeconomicdevelopmentOverpopulationmeansthatthespeedofpopulationgrowthexceedsgoesbeyondthatofsocialeconomicdevelopmentOverpopulationmeansthatpopulationincreasesfasterthansocialeconomicdevelopment练习:用英语表达以下意念:缺钙的饮食可以引起老年骨质疏松(osteoporosis)。农村卫生资金投入不足。缺少面对面交流阻碍了有益的医患关系的建立。许多健康问题与饮食不良以及运动相对不足有关。农村许多地区医护人才严重短缺。健康教育专业学科师资缺乏不能适应提高全民健康素质战略任务的需求。在碳水化合物不足的情况下蛋白质和脂肪不能发挥它们应有的功能。缺乏自信的孩子往往害怕挑战。消毒不够杀不死细菌。缺乏锻炼和吃得太多是肥胖病(obesity)的原因。儿童应该摄入足够的碳水化合物(粮食类食品)。含脂肪多的食物易产生饱腻感无法摄入过多。这次预防控制禽流感的过程中从开始就给予了高度关注。医疗费用过高群众满意度难以提高。但如果人类平均寿命无节制地延长将会给人类带来很多伦理困惑。大多数的人每天小时的睡眠就够了。他们也有足够的经济实力为子女提供良好的膳食。艾滋病的治疗对大多数的病患者来说太贵。年轻人常常热情过度。医生的解释不要超过病人的理解能力。每日可服用复合维生素药物但注意不能超过人体实际需要量。过度医疗超过了患者与社会的经济承受能力。

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