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首页 英语词源词典复件 Z

英语词源词典复件 Z.doc

英语词源词典复件 Z

baibainn
2018-09-05 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语词源词典复件 Zdoc》,可适用于服务领域

ZnotanativeletterinOEinAngloFrwordsitrepresentsthe"ts"sound(cfAngloFrfiz,fromLfilius,modernFitz)latecitbegantobeusedforthevoiced"s"soundandhadfullytakenthatrolebyForlettername,seezed"ThouwhoresonZed,thouvnnecessaryLetter""KingLear,"IIiiSeriesofzstorepresentabuzzingsoundfirstattestedzees"spellofsleep,anap"isslangfirstrecorded,AmerEngstudentslangZacchaeusmascpropername,fromLLZacchaeus,fromGkZakkhaios,fromHebzakkay,lit"pure,innocent,"fromzakhah"wasclean,waspure"Zachariahmascpropername,LLZacharias,fromGkZakharias,fromHebZekharyahu,lit"theLordhasremembered,"fromzakhar"heremembered"zaftig"alluringlyplump,curvaceous,buxom,",fromYiddishzaftik,lit"juicy,"fromzaft"juice,"fromMHGsaft"juice"(seesap(n))zag(v),fromzigzag(qv)Zamboniproprietarynameforamachineusedtoresurfaceiceskatingrinks,,trademarkofFrankJZamboniCo,Paramount,Calif,claimingusesinceJulyzany(n)comicperformer,,fromFrzani,fromItzani,zanni"azany,clown,"originallyZanni,VenetiandialvariantofGianni,petformofGiovanni"John"Astockcharacterinoldcomedies,heapedtheprincipalactorsTheadjisattestedby,fromthenounzap(soundeffect),(v),comicstripword(especiallyfrom"BuckRogersintheTwentyFifthCentury"),ofimitativeoriginMeaning"toeraseelectronically"isZarathustrafromAvestanZarathushtra(seeZoroastrian)zeal,fromLLzelus"zeal,emulation"(cfOFrzel,Itzelo,Spcelo),aChurchword,fromGkzelos"zeal,ardor,jealousy,"whichisofuncertainoriginZealousfirstrecordedzealotc,"memberofamilitantstcenturyJewishsectwhichfiercelyresistedtheRomansinPalestine,"fromLLZelotes,fromGkzelotes"onewhoisazealousfollower,"fromzeloun"tobezealous,"fromzelos"zeal"(seezeal)Extendedsenseof"afanaticalenthusiast"firstrecordedzebra,fromItzebra,perhapsfromPort,earlierappliedtoanowextinctwildass,saidtobeCongoleseOED,orAmharicKlein,butperhapsultfromLequiferus"wildhorse,"fromequus"horse"ferus(seefierce)zebuAsiaticox,,fromFrzebu,ultofTibetanoriginFirstshowninEuropeattheParisfairofZebulonmascpropername,BiblicalsonofJacobbyLeah,fromHebZebhulun,fromzebhul"adwelling"dimsuffixon(cfGenxxx:)Zechariahmascpropername,BiblicalthoftheTwelveProphetsseeZachariahzedc,fromMFrzede,fromLLzeta,fromGkzeta,fromHebzayin,lettername,lit"weapon"socalledinallusiontotheshapeofthisletterinancientHebrewUSpronunciationzeeisfirstattestedOtherdialectalnamesfortheletterareizzard,ezod,uzzardandzodZeissinreftospyglassesorbinoculars,,fromthefirmfoundedbyGeropticalinstrumentmanufacturerCarlZeiss()zeitgeist,fromGerZeitgeist,lit"spiritoftheage,"fromZeit"time"(seetide)Geist"spirit"(seeghost)ZenschoolofMahayanaBuddhism,,fromJapanese,fromChinesech'an,ultfromSktdhyana"thought,meditation,"fromPIEbase*dhya"tosee,contemplate"Zend,"Parseesacredbook"(infull,ZendAvesta,),fromOPerszend,fromPahlavizand"commentary"FirstusedinreftothelanguageoftheZendAvestainbyAnquetielDuperron()zenith,fromOFrcenith(Frzénith),fromMLcenit,senit,bungledscribaltransliterationofArabicsamt"road,path,"abbreviationofsamtarras,lit"thewayoverthehead"LettermmisreadasniTheMLwordmayaswellbeinfluencedbytheroughagreementoftheArabictermwithclassicalLsemita"sidetrack,sidepath"(notionof"thinggoingofftotheside"),fromse"apart"*mita,suffixedzerogradeformofPIEbase*mei"tochange"(seemutable)Zenobiafempropername,fromGkZenobia,lit"theforceofZeus,"fromZen,collateralformofZeus,bia"strength,force,"cognatewithSktjya"force,power"(seeJain)Zenonian,pertainingtooneoftwoGkthinkers:ZenoofElea("ZenooftheParadoxes,"cBCE),whodisprovedthepossibilityofmotionandZenoofCitium(cBCE),founderofstoicismzephyr,fromOEZefferus,fromLZephyrus,fromGkZephyros"thewestwind"(sometimespersonifiedasagod),probablyrelatedtozophos"thewest,thedarkregion,darkness,gloom"Senseof"mildbreeze"isczeppelin,fromGerZeppelin,shortforZeppelinschiff"Zeppelinship,"afterCountFerdinandvonZeppelin(),Gergeneralwhoperfecteditsdesignzero,fromItzero,fromMLzephirum,fromArabicsifr"cipher,"translationofSktsunyam"emptyplace,desert,naught"(seecipher)Abriefhistoryoftheinventionof"zero"canbefoundhereMeaning"worthlessperson"isrecordedfromTheverbzeroinis,fromthenoun,onthenotionofinstrumentadjustmentsZerotolerancefirstrecorded,originallyUSpoliticallanguagezest,fromFrzeste"pieceoforangeorlemonpeelusedasaflavoring,"ofunknownoriginSenseof"thingthataddsflavor"isthatof"keenenjoyment"firstattestedzetaGkletter,seezedzetetic"proceedingbyinquiry,",fromModLzeteticus,fromGkzetetikos"searching,inquiring,"fromzetetos,verbaladjofzetein"seekfor,inquireinto"zeugma,"asingleword(usuallyaverboradj)madetorefertotwoormorewordsinasentence,"fromGk,lit"ayoking,"fromzeugnynai"toyoke"(seejugular)ZeussupremegodoftheancientGreeks,,fromGk,fromPIE*dewos"god"(cfLdeus"god,"OPersdaiva"demon,evilgod,"OCSdeivai,Sktdeva),frombase*dei"togleam,toshine"Ziegfeldinreftoshowgirlsorstagerevues,,fromFlorenzZiegfeld(),UStheatricalproducer,whostagedannual"follies"fromzigzag,fromFrzigzag(),perhapsfromGerZickzack(thoughthisonlyisattestedfrom),possiblyareduplicationofZacke"tooth,prong"EarliestuseinGerisinreftomilitarysiegeapproachesOriginallyinEngusedtodescribethelayoutofcertaingardenpathsTheverbisrecordedfromziggurat,fromAssyrianziqquratu"height,pinnacle,"fromzaqaru"tobehigh"zilch"nothing,",fromearliersenseof"meaninglessspeech"(),originallyMrZilch,()comiccharacterinthemagazine"Ballyhoo"PerhapsfromUScollegeslang(earlys)JoeZilsch"aninsignificantperson"Probablyanonsensesyllable,butZilchisanactualGersurnameofSlavicoriginzillion,arbitrarycoinagewithnodefinitenumericalvaluefirstrecordedinDamonRunyonzinc,fromGerZink,perhapsrelatedtoZinke"prong,point"saidtohavebeenusedfirstbyParacelsus(c)onanalogyoftheformofitscrystalsaftersmeltingZinkeisfromOHGzint"apoint,jag,"fromPGmc*tindja"tine"(cfONtindr"point,top,summit,"OEtind"prong,spike"cftine)zine,shortforfanzine(),fromfansuffixabstractedfrommagazinezinfandel,"redorwhitedryCaliforniawine,"originuncertainusedearlierasthenameofthegrapefromwhichitwasmade()ThewineitselfissaidtohavebeenknowninUSsinceSomewineexpertssuggestacorruptionoftheAustriangrapenameZierfandler,thoughthesegrapesarenotrelatedtothoseofzinfandelEgthisarticle:ThesimilarityinthenamesZinfandelandZierfandlerarousessomespeculationModernvineidentificationsystemsdidnotyetexistin,soitisconceivablethatthecuttingsGeorgeGibbsimportedtotheUSAhadneverbeencorrectlyidentifiedinAustriazing(n),"highpitchedsound,",ofechoicoriginSlangmeaning"energy,zest"isattestedfromZinger"cruelquip"firstattestedzinniagenusofherbsoftheasterfamily,,fromModL(Linnæus,),namedforGerbotanistJohannGottfriedZinn()ZionOESion,fromGkSeon,fromHebTsiyon,nameofaCanaanitehillfortressinJerusalemcapturedbyDavidandcalledintheBible"CityofDavid"ItbecamethecenterofJewishlifeandworshipZionism"movementforforming(latersupporting)aJewishnationalstateinPalestine"firstattested,fromGerZionismus(fromZionLderivedsuffixismus),firstrecordedin"Selbstemancipation,"by"MatthiasAcher"(pseudonymofNathanBirnbaum)zip(v)"moverapidly,",ofechoicoriginZippyisfirstattestedZipgun"homemadepistol"firstrecordedzip(adj),inUSpostalZIPcode,anacronymforZoneImprovementPlan,nodoubtchosenwithconsciousechoofzip(v)zip(n)"zero,",studentslangforagradeofzeroonatest,etcofunknownorigincfzilchzip(v)"tocloseorfastenbymeansofazipper,",backformationfromzipperzipper,probablyfromzip()Thetrademarktakenoutonthenamethatyearappliedtoabootwithzippers,nottothe"lightningfastener"itself,whichwasatfirstcalledazipZippoproprietarynameofabrandofcigarettelighter,patentedbyZippoManufacturingCo,Bradford,Pazircon,fromGerZirkon(cfFrjargon,Itgiargone),fromArabiczarqun"cinnabar,brightred,"fromPerszargun"goldcolored,"fromAvestanzari"goldcolored,"fromzar"gold"Zirconium,metallicchemicalelement,firstattested,coinedbyGerchemistMartinHeinrichKlaproth()insocalledbecauseitwasfoundinzirconzit"acnepimple,",originallyUSteenagerslang,ofunknownoriginzitherstringedmusicalinstrument,,fromGerZither,fromOHGzitara,fromLcithara,fromGkkithara"lute"(seeguitar)zititypeoftubularpasta,plofzita(),fromItzlotymonetaryunitofPoland,,fromPol,lit"ofgold,"fromzloto"gold,"relatedtoRuszoloto,Czechzlato"gold"(seegold)zoanthropyformofmaniainwhichamanimagineshimselftobeanothertypeofbeast,,fromModLzoanthropia,fromGkzoion"animal"anthropos"man"zodiac,fromOFrzodiaque,fromLzodiacus"zodiac,"fromGkzodiakos(kyklos)"zodiac(circle),"lit"circleoflittleanimals,"fromzodiaion,dimofzoion"animal"(seezoo)InOEitwastwelftacna"thetwelvesigns,"andinMEalsoOurLadye'sWayeandtheGirdleoftheSkyzoetrope,lit"wheeloflife,"fromGkzoe"life"(seezoo)trope"turn"(seetrope)zollverein,fromGer,lit"customsunion,"fromZoll"toll"(seetoll)Verein"union,"fromvereinen"tounite,"fromein"one"zombie,ofWAfricanorigin(cfKikongozumbi"fetish"Kimbundunzambi"god"),originallythenameofasnakegod,laterwithmeaning"reanimatedcorpse"invoodoocultButperhapsalsofromLouisianacreolewordmeaning"phantom,ghost,"fromSpsombra"shade,ghost"Sense"slowwittedperson"isrecordedfromzone,fromLzona"geographicalbelt,celestialzone,"fromGkzone"abelt,"relatedtozonnynai"togird,"fromPIEbase*yes"togird,girdle"(cfAvestanyasta"girt,"Lithjuosiu"togird,"OCSpojasu"girdle")Originallyoneofthefivegreatdivisionsoftheearth'ssurface(torrid,temperate,frigidseparatedbytropicsofCancerandCapricornandArcticandAntarcticcircles)meaning"anydiscreteregion"isfirstrecordedZonedefenseinteamsportsisrecordedfromZoning"landuseplanning"isrecordedfromZoned(adj)indrugusesenseisattesteds,fromozone,whichisfoundhighintheatmospheretherelatedverbtozoneisfromszonk,"tohithard","toputintoastupor"slangterm,ofechoicoriginzooc,shortforZoologicalGardensoftheLondonZoologicalSociety,establishedinRegent'sParktohousethesociety'scollectionofwildanimalsFromcombformofGkzoion"ananimal,"lit"alivingbeing,"fromPIEbase*gwei"tolive,life"(cfGkbios"life,"OEcwicu"living"seebio)Slangmeaning"crowdedandchaoticplace"firstrecordedzoology,fromModLzoologia,fromGkzoion"animal"(seezoo)logia"study,"fromlogos"word"Zoologistfirstrecordedzoom,ofechoicoriginGainedpopularitycasaviatorsbegantouseitzoomlensiszootsuit,AmerEngslang,thefirstelementprobablyanonsensereduplicationofsuit(cfreetpleat,drapeshapefromthesamejargon)Zoroastrian,fromZoroaster,fromLZoroastres,fromOPersZarathushtra,corcBCEPersreligiousteacherThenameappearstobelit"whosecamelsareold,"from*zarant"old"(cognatewithGkgeron,gengerontos"old")ushtra"camel"zorro,"SAmerfoxwolf,"fromSp,mascofzorra"fox,"fromBasqueazaria"fox"Thecomicbookhero,avariationontheRobinHoodthemesetinoldSpCalifornia,wascreatedbywriterJohnstonMcCulleyzouave,fromFr,fromArabicZwawa,fromBerberIgawawaen,nameofaKabyletribeinAlgeria,fromwhichtheFrlightinfantrytroopsofthatnamewereoriginallyrecruitedinzoukCreoleFr"party,"fromzouker"engageinunrestrainedsocialactivity"zounds,oathofsurpriseoranger,alteredfrom(by)God'swounds!zucchetto,fromItzucchetta"acap,"originallydimofzucca"gourd,head,"perhapsfromLLcucutia,ofunknownoriginzucchini,plofzucchino,dimofzucca"gourd,squash,"perhapsfromLLcucutia,ofunknownoriginzwieback,fromGerZweiback"biscuit,"lit"twicebaked,"fromzwei"two,twice"backen"tobake"loantranslofItbiscotto(seebiscuit)Zwinglian,afterUlrichZwingli(),SwissProtestantreformerzydeco,perhapsfromCreoleFrpronunciationofFrlesharicots"thebeans,"partofthetitleofapopulardancetune("lesharicotssontpassalés")zygote,fromGkzygotos"yoked,"fromzygon"yoke"(seejugular)Zyklon,fromGerZyklon,commercialnameofatypeofhydrogencyanide,ofunknownetymology,butitistheusualGermanformofthewordcycloneOriginallyusedasapesticideandfumigantzymurgybranchofchemistrywhichdealswithwinemakingandbrewing,,fromGkzymo,combformofzyme"aleaven"(fromPIEbase*yusseejuice)ourgia"aworking,"fromergon"work"(seeurge(v))ThelastwordinmanystandardEnglishdictionariesbutintheOEDndedthelastwordiszyxt,anobsoleteKentishformofthesecondpersonsingularofsee(v)

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