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首页 英语词源词典复件 i

英语词源词典复件 i.doc

英语词源词典复件 i

baibainn
2018-09-05 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语词源词典复件 idoc》,可适用于服务领域

iasuffixformingnamesofcountries,diseases,flowers,fromLandGkia,whichformsabstractnounsoffemgenderInparaphernalia,Mammalia,etcitrepresentstheLandGkpluralsuffixofnounsiniumorioniatricfromGkiatrikos"healing,"fromiatros"physician,healer,"relatedtoiatreuo"treatmedically,"fromiaomai"tocure,"fromiaino"heat,warm,cheer"ingsuffixattachedtoverbstomeantheiraction,result,product,material,etc,fromOEing,ung,fromPGmc*unga(cfONing,Duing,Gerung)OriginallyusedtoformnounsfromverbsandtodenotecompletedorhabitualactionItsusehasbeengreatlyexpandedinMEandModEngTheotheruseofingistoformtheprpofverbs,andinthissenseitdevelopedfromOEende(cfGerend,Gothand,Sktant,Gkon,Lans)ItevolvedintoingincciseSeeizeishadjsuffix,fromOEisc,commonGmc(cfONiskr,Gerisch,Gothisks),cognatewithGkdimsuffixiskosColloquiallyattachedtohourstodenoteapproximation,ismsuffixformingnounsofaction,state,condition,doctrine,fromFrisme,fromLisma,fromGkisma,fromstemofverbsinizeinUsedasanindependentword,chieflydisparagingly,fromistagentnounsuffix,alsousedinvigorate,fromL*invigorare,fromin"not"vigorare(seevigorous)invincible,fromLinvincibilis"unconquerable,"fromin"not"vincibilis"conquerable"inviolable,fromLinviolabilis"invulnerable,"fromin"not"violabilis,fromviolare"todoviolenceto"(seeviolation)Theadjinviolate"unbroken,intact"isattestedfrominvisible,fromOFrinvisible(c),fromLinvisibilis"unseen,invisible,"fromin"not"visibilis(seevisible)invitationc,fromLinvitationem(nominvitatio)"invitation,"frominvitatus,ppofinvitare"invite,treat,entertain,"originally"bepleasanttoward,"fromin"toward,"secondelementobscure,onesuggestionisalostword*vitus"pleasant"Meaning"thespokenorwrittenforminwhichapersonisinvited"isfromInvite(v)isabackformationasanounvariantofinvitationitisattestedfrominvocationc,fromOFrinvocation(c),fromLinvocationem,nounofactionfrominvocare(seeinvoke)invoice,fromMFrenvois,plofenvoi"dispatch(ofgoods),"lit"asending,"fromenvoyer"tosend"(seeenvoy)invoke,fromMFrenvoquer(c),fromLinvocare"callupon,implore,"fromin"upon"vocare"tocall,"relatedtovox(genvocis)"voice"(seevoice)involuntary,fromLLinvoluntarius"involuntary,"fromin"not"Lvoluntarius(seevoluntary)involve,fromLinvolvere"entangle,envelop,"lit"rollinto,"fromin"in"volvere"toroll"(seevulva)Originally"envelop,surround,"senseof"takein,include"firstrecordedInvolved"complicated"isfrominvulnerable,fromLinvulnerabilis,fromin"not"vulnerabilis(seevulnerable)inwardOEinneweard,fromPGmc*inwarth"inward"(cfONinnanverðr,OHGinwart,MDuinwaert),fromrootofOEinne"in"weard(seeward)inwitMEwordmeaning"conscience"(c),"reason,intellect"(c),fromin(adv)wit(n)NotrelatedtoOEinwit,whichmeant"deceit"Joyce'susein"Ulysses"(),whichechoesthecwork"AyenbiteofInwyt,"isperhapsthebestknownexampleofthemodernuseofthewordasaconsciousarchaism"Þesebenalsoþyfyveinwyttys:Wyl,Resoun,Mynd,Ymaginacioun,andThoght"Wyclif,c"IfsuchgoodoldEnglishwordsasinwitandwanhopeshouldberehabilitated(andtheyhavebeenpushinguptheirheadsforthirtyyears),weshouldgainagreatdeal"RobertBridges,iodine,formedbyBritishchemistSirHumphryDavyfromFriode"iodine,"coinedbyFrchemistJosephLouisGayLussacfromGkioeides"violetcolored,"fromion"violet"eidos"appearance"(seeoid)Socalledfromthecolorofthevaporgivenoffwhenthecrystalsareheatedion,introducedbyEngphysicistandchemistMichaelFaraday(suggestedbyWilliamWhewell),coinedfromGkion,neutprpofienai"go,"fromPIEbase*ei"togo,towalk"(cfGkeimi"Igo"Lire"togo,"iter"away"OIrethaim"Igo"Irbothar"aroad"(from*bouitro"cows'way"),Gaulisheimu"wego,"Gothiddja"went,"Skte'ti"goes,"imas"wego,"ayanam"agoing,way"Avestanae'iti"goes"OPersaitiy"goes"Litheiti"togo"OCSiti"go"Bulgarianida"Igo"Rusidti"togo")SocalledbecauseionsmovetowardtheelectrodeofoppositechargeIonospherecoinedbyRAWatsonWattIonian"ofIonia,"thedistrictsofancientGreeceinhabitedbytheIonians(includingAtticaandthenorthcoastofthePeloponnesus,butespeciallythecoastalstripofAsiaMinor,includingtheislandsofSamosandChios)AlsousedoftheseathatliesbetweenItalyandthenorthernPeloponnesus()ThemusicalIonianmode()correspondstoourbasicmajorscalebutwascharacterizedbytheGreeksassoftandeffeminateTheIonicorderofGkarchitectureisattestedfrom"TheIoniansdelightedinwantondancesandsongsmorethantherestoftheGreeksandwantongestureswereproverbiallytermedIonicmotions"ThomasRobinson,"ArchæologicaGræca,"iota,figurativeuseofiota,ninthandsmallestletterintheGkalphabet,afterMattv:(seejot)TheletternameisfromHebyodhIowastatenameultcomesfromthenativepeople,oftheChiwerebranchoftheAiouanfamilysaidtobefromDakotaayuxba"sleepyones"ipecac,borrowingviaPortofashortenedformofTupiipecacuana(),amedicinalplantofBrazil,theIndianwordsaidtomean"smallplantcausingvomit"ipsedixit,fromL,lit"he(themaster)saidit,"translationofGkautosepha,phraseusedbydisciplesofPythagoraswhenquotingtheirmasteripsofacto,fromL,lit"bythatveryfact"Iramascpropername,fromHeb,lit"watchful,"fromstemof'ur"toawake,torouseoneself"IranfromPersIran"Persia,"fromMiddlePersianEran(sahr)"(land)oftheIranians,"genplofEr"anIranian,"fromOPersariya"compatriot,"fromPIEaryo,selfdesignationofthe"Aryan"people(seeAryan)ItbecametheofficialcountrynameinunderRezaShah,accordingtoonestoryonthesuggestionofthePersianembassyinBerlinirascible,fromFrirascible(c),fromLLirascibilis,fromLirasci"growangry,"fromira"anger"(seeire)irate,fromLiratus"angry,enraged,violent,furious,"ppofirasci"growangry,"fromira"anger"(seeire)irec,fromOFrire(c),fromLira"anger,wrath,rage,"fromPIEbase*eis,formingvariouswordsdenoting"passion"cfGkhieros"filledwiththedivine,holy,"oistros"gadfly,"originally"thingcausingmadness"Sktesati"driveson,"yasati"boils"Avestanaesma"anger")Irenefempropername,fromFrIrène,fromLIrene,fromGkEirene,lit"peace"irenic,fromGkeirenikos,fromeirene"peace"Irenical"peaceful"isattestedfromIrgunmilitantZionistorganization,,fromModHeb,lit"organization,"infullIrgunZvaiLeumi"nationalmilitaryorganization"iridescent,coinedfromLiris(geniridis)"rainbow"(seeiris)iridium,ModL,coinedbyitsdiscoverer,EngchemistSmithsonTennant()fromGkiris(geniridos)"rainbow"socalledforthevaryingcolorofitscompoundsiris,"prismaticrockcrystal,"fromLiris(plirides)"irisoftheeye,irisplant,rainbow,"fromGkiris(geniridos)"alily,irisoftheeye,"originally"messengerofthegods,"personifiedastherainbowTheeyeregionwassocalled(inEng)forbeingthecoloredpartIrishc,Irisce,fromstemofOEIras"inhabitantofIreland,"fromONirar,ultfromOIrEriu"Erin"Meaning"temper,passion"is,AmerEng(firstattestedinwritingsofDavyCrockett),fromthelegendarypugnacityofIrishpeopleIrishAmericanisfromIrishcoffeeisfromWildIrish()originallywerethosenotunderEnglishruleBlackIrishinreftothoseofMediterraneanappearanceisfromirkc,irken"bewearyof,bedisgustedwith"earlierintrans,"tofeelweary"(c)Ofuncertainorigin,perhapsrelatedtoONyrkja"work"(fromPIEbase*werg"towork"seeurge(v)),orMHGerken"todisgust"Modernsenseof"annoy"isfromAnadj,irk"weary,tired"isattestedfromcinnorthernandmidlandswritingModernadjirksome"bothersome,burdensome"isrecordedfromironOEisærn(withMErhotacismofs),fromPGmc*isarnan(cfOSisarn,ONisarn,MDuiser,OHGisarn,GerEisen)"holymetal"or"strongmetal"(incontrasttosofterbronze)probablyanearlyborrowingofCelt*isarnon(cfOIriarn,Welshhaiarn),fromPIE*is(e)ro"powerful,holy,"fromPIE*eis"strong"(cfSktisirah"vigorous,strong,"Gkieros"strong")Theverbmeaning"pressclothes"(withaheatedflatiron)isfirstrecordedironingboardisfrom"RightsoaswhilthatIrenishootmensholdensmyte"Chaucer,cTohave(too)manyironsinthefire"tobedoingtoomuchatonce"isfromIronlung"artificialrespirationtank"isfromIronside,namegiventoamanofgreathardihoodorbravery()firstappliedtoEdmundII,kingofEngland(d),lateralsotoOliverCromwellandhistroopsIronAge,originallyfromGkandRomanmythology,thelastandworstageoftheworldthearchaeologicalsenseof"periodinwhichhumansusedirontoolsandweapons"isfromIronCrossfromGerdaseisernekreuz,institutedbyFrederickWilhelmIIIofPrussia,originallyfordistinguishedmilitaryserviceinthewarsagainstNapoleonIronCurtaininreftotheSovietoccupationofEasternEurope,famouslycoinedbyChurchillMarch,,inspeechatWestminsterCollege,Fulton,Missouri,butithadbeenusedearlierinthiscontext(egbyUSbureaucratAllenWDullesatameetingoftheCouncilonForeignRelations,Dec,)Thefigsenseof"impenetrablebarrier"isattestedfrom,andthespecificsenseof"barrierattheedgeofthesphereofinfluenceoftheSovietUnion"isrecordedfromDuringWorldWarII,GoebbelsusedininGer(eineisernerVorhang)inthesamesenseironclad(adj)ofwarships,,AmerEng,fromironcladAsanounmeaning"ironcladship,"itisattestedfrom)Ofcontracts,etc,irony,fromLironia,fromGkeironeia,fromeiron"dissembler,"perhapsrelatedtoeirein"tospeak"(seeverb)UsedinGkofaffectedignorance,especiallythatofSocratesFornuancesofusage,seehumorIroquois,fromFr()notanIroquoianwordperhapsfromanAlgonquianlanguageirradiate(v),"tocastbeamsoflightupon,"fromLirradiatus,ppofirradiare"shineforth,"fromin"in"radiare"toshine"(seeradiate)Meaning"exposetoradiationotherthanlight"(originallyxrays)isfromirrationalc,"notendowedwithreason"(ofbeats,etc),fromLirrationalis"withoutreason,"fromin"not"rationalis"reason"(seereason)Meaning"illogical,absurd"isattestedfromIrredentist,memberofItpoliticalpartywhich(after)demandedtheannexationofneighboringItspeakingregions(Trieste,STyrol,Nice,Corsica,etc),fromItIrredentista,from(Italia)irredenta"unredeemed(Italy)"irrefragable"thatcannotberefuted,",fromLLirrefragabilis,fromLin"not"refragari"tooppose,contest,"fromre"back"frag,baseoffrangere"tobreak"(seefraction)irrefrangiblec,"thatcannotbebroken,"fromin"not"refrangible,fromre"back"Lfrangere"tobreak"(seefraction)irrefutable,fromLirrefutabilis,fromin"not"refutabilis(seerefute)irregardlessanerroneouswordthat,etymologically,meanstheexactoppositeofwhatitisusedtoexpress,attestedinnonstandardwritingfrom,probablyablendofirrespectiveandregardlessPerhapsinspiredbythedoublenegativeusedasanemphaticirregularc,"notinconformitywithChurchrules,"fromOFrirreguler(c),fromMLirregularis,fromin"not"Lregularis(seeregular)GeneralsenseisfromMilitarysenseof"asoldiernotoftheregulararmy"isfromirreligious,fromLirreligiosus,fromin"not"religiosus(seereligion)irreparable,fromOFrirréparable(c),fromLirreparabilis,fromin"not"reparabilis"thatcanberepaired"(seerepair)irrepressible,fromin"not"repressible(seerepress)Firstattestedin"SenseandSensibility"irresponsible,"notlegallyanswerableforconductoractions,"fromin"not"responsible(qv)Meaning"notactingwithasenseofresponsibility"isfromirreverencec,fromLirreverentia"wantofreverence,"fromirreverens"disrespectful,irreverent,"fromin"not"reverens,prpofrevereri"tostandinaweof"(seerevere)irrevocable,fromLirrevocabilis"thatcannotberecalled,"fromin"not"revocabilis(seerevoke)irrigate,fromLirrigatus,ppofirrigare"leadwaterto,refresh,"fromin"in"rigare"towater,tomoisten,"ofuncertainorigin,perhapscognatewithOEregn"rain"irritate,fromLirritatus,fromppstemofirritare"excite,provoke"Anearlierverbformwasirrite(c),fromOFrirriterIrwinOEEoforwine"boarfriend"oftenconfusedwithIrving,Irvin,whicharefromIrvine,Ayrshire,orIrving,DumfriesisOEis,fromGmcstem*es(cfOHG,Ger,Gothist,ONes,er),fromPIE*esti(cfSktasti,Gkesti,Lest,Lithesti,OCSjesti),frombase*es"tobe"OElostthefinaltSeebeIsaacmascpropername,nameofabiblicalpatriarch,fromLL,fromGkIsaak,fromHebYitzhaq,lit"helaughs,"imperfoftzahaq"helaughed"IsabelaformofElizabeththatseemstohavedevelopedinProvenceApopularnameinMiddleAgespetformsincludedIbb,Libbe,Nibb,Tibb,Bibby,andElliceTheSpformwasIsabella,whichisattestedasacolorname("greyishyellow")fromtheIsabellawhogavehernametoithasnotbeenidentifiedIsaiahmascpropername,nameofabiblicalprophet,fromHebYesha'yah,abbreviatedformofYesha'yahu,lit"salvationoftheLord,"fromyesha,yeshua"salvation,deliverance"Iscariot"traitor,",fromthesurnameofJudas,betrayerofJesus,inNT,fromLIscariota,fromGkIskariotes,saidtobefromHebishq'riyoth"manofKerioth"(aplaceinPalestine)ischium"theseatbone,",fromL,fromGkiskhion"hipjoint,"inpl,"thehips,"probablyfromiskhi"loin,"ofunknownoriginishkabbible,"Ishouldworry,"ofunknownorigin,butperhapsderivedfromYiddishnishtgefidltPopularizedandperhapscoinedbycomedienneFannyBriceIshiharanameforthepopulartypeofcolorblindnesstest,,fromJapophthalmologistShinobuIshihara,whodeviseditinIshmaelmascpropername,biblicalsonofAbrahamandHagar,fromHebYishma'el,lit"Godhears,"fromyishma,imperfofshama"heheard"TheArabsclaimdescentfromhimFigsenseof"anoutcast,""whosehandisagainsteveryman,andeveryman'shandagainsthim"isfromGenxviIshtarchiefgoddessoftheAssyriansandBabylonians,counterpartofPhoenicianAstarte(qv),fromAkkadIshtarIsidoremascpropername,fromFr,fromLIsidorus,fromGkIsidoros,lit"giftofIsis,"fromdoron"gift"StIsidore,archbishopofSeville()wroteimportanthistoricalandecclesiasticalworksandinwasnamedpatronsaintofcomputers,computerusers,andtheInternetisinglass,saidtobeperversionofDuhuysenblas,lit"sturgeonbladder,"fromhuysen"sturgeon"blas"bladder"socalledbecausethesubstancewasobtainedfromitIslam"religioussystemrevealedbyMuhammad,",fromArabic,lit"submission"(tothewillofGod),fromrootofaslama"heresigned,hesurrendered,hesubmitted,"causativeconjunctionofsalima"hewassafe,"andrelatedtosalam"peace"IslamicisattestedfromEarlierEngnamesforthefaithincludeMuhammadism()andIsmaelism(),whichinpartisfromIshmaelite,anameformerlygiven(espbyJews)toArabs,asdescendantsofIshmael(qv),andinpartfromArabicIsmailiy,nameoftheShiitesectthatafterCEfollowedtheImamshipthroughdescendantsofIsmail(ArabicforIshmael),eldestsonofJafar,thesixthImamTheIsmailianswerenotnumerous,butamongthemwerethepowerfulFatimiddynastyinEgyptandtheAssassins,bothofwhomloomedlargeinEuropeanimaginationislandOEigland"island,"fromieg"island"(fromPGmc*aujo"thingonthewater,"fromPIE*akwa"water")land"land"SpellingmodifiedcbyassociationwithsimilarbutunrelatedisleAnOEcognatewasealand"riverland,wateredplace,meadowbyariver"islec,fromOFrile,earlierisle,fromLinsula"island,"ofuncertainorigin,perhapsfromfemofadj*ensalos"inthesea,"fromsalum"sea"TheswasrestoredfirstinMFr,theninEnginthelatesDimformisletisfirstrecorded,fromMFrisletteisobar,coinedfromGkisos"equal,"baros"weight,"frombarys"heavy"(seegrave(adj))isolate(v),backformationfromisolated(),fromFrisolé"isolated"(),fromItisolato,fromLinsulatus"madeintoanisland,"frominsula"island"Isolationist,inreftoUSforeignpolicy,isattestedfromisolationismfromisometric,coinedfromGkisos"equal"metron"measure"(seemeter())Originallyamethodofusingperspectiveindrawingthephysiologicalsenserelatingtomuscularactionisfrom,borrowedfromGerisometrisch()IsomerisanbackformationisometricscoinedinAmerEngisosceles,fromLLisosceles,fromGkisoskeles"withequalsides,"fromisos"equal"skelos"leg"(seescalene)isotope,introducedbyBritishchemistFrederickSoddy()onsuggestionofMargaretTodd,fromGkisos"equal"topos"place"socalledbecausedespitethedifferentatomicweights,thevariousformsofanelementoccupythesameplaceontheperiodictableIsraelOE,"theJewishpeople,"fromLIsrael,fromGk,fromHebyisra'el"hethatstrivethwithGod"(Genxxxii),symbolicpropernameconferredonJacobandextendedtohisdescendants,fromsara"hefought,contended"El"God"AsanindependentJewishstateinthecountryformerlycalledPalestine,itisattestedfromCitizensofitarecalledIsraelistheancientpeopleareIsraelites()IssacharsonofJacobbyLeah(OT),nameofabiblicaltribeofIsrael,fromGkissakhar,fromHebYissakhar,probablyfromyeshsakhar"thereisareward"(cfGenxxx)issue(n)c,fromOFrissue"awayout,exit,"fromfemppofissir"togoout,"fromLexire,fromex"out"ire"go"Meaning"dischargeofbloodorotherfluidfromthebody"isfromsenseof"offspring"isfromMeaning"outcomeofanaction"isattestedfromlegalsenseof"pointinquestionattheconclusionofthepresentationbybothpartiesinasuit"(inAngloFr)ledtotransfsenseof"apointtobedecided"()Meaning"actionofsendingintopublicationorcirculation"isfromTheverbmeaning"toflowout"(c)isfromOFrissu,ppofissirsenseof"tosendoutauthoritatively"isfromthatof"tosupply(someonewithsomething)"isfromIstanbulTurknameofConstantinople,acorruptionofGkphraseeistan(ten)polin"intothecity,"whichishowthelocalGkpopulationreferredtoitPickedupinTurkishc,thoughTurkfolketymologytracesthenametoIslambol"plentyofIslam"Gkpolis"city"hasbeenadoptedintoTurkasaplacenamesuffixasboluisthmus,fromGkisthmos"narrowneckofland,"especiallythatofCorinth,ofunknownorigin,perhapsfromeimi"togo"suffixthmo(cfithma"astep,movement")itOEhit,neutnomaccofthirdperssingpronoun,fromPGmcdemonstrativebase*khi(cfOFrishit,Duhet,Gothhita"it"),whichisalsotherootofheAsgenderfadedinME,ittookonthemeaning"thingoranimalspokenaboutbefore"Thehwaslostduetobeinginanunemphasizedposition,asinmodernspeechthehin"giveittohim,""askher,""isonlyheardinthecarefulspeechofthepartiallyeducated"WeekleyIt"thesexact"isfrommeaning"sexappeal(especiallyinawoman)"firstattestedinworksofRudyardKipling,popularizedastitleofabookbyElinorGlyn,andbyapplicationofItGirltosilentfilmstarClaraBow()Inchildren'sgames,meaning"theonewhomusttagtheothers"isattestedfromItalian,"nativeofItaly,"fromItItaliano,fromItalia"Italy,"fromLItalia,probablyfromaGkalterationofOscanViteliu"Italy,"butoriginallyonlythesouthwesternpointofthepeninsula,perhapsoriginally"landofcattle,"relatedtoLvitulus"calf"Italianate()isfromItItalianato"renderedItalian,"fromItalianoitalic,fromLitalicus"Italian"socalledbecauseitwasintroducedinbyAldusManutius,printerofVenice(whoalsogavehisnametoAldine),andfirstusedinaneditionofVirgildedicatedtoItalyEarlier()thewordwasusedfortheplain,slopingstyleofhandwriting,asopposedtoGothicItalicize"toprintinitalics"(foremphasis,etc)isfromitch(n)OEgicce,fromgiccan(v)"toitch,"fromWGmc*jukkjan(cfMDujöken,OHGjucchen,Gerjucken)Senseof"restlessdesire"isfirstattesteditchinginthissenseisfromitem,fromLitem(adv)"likewise,justso,"usedtointroduceanewfactorstatement,probablyfromita"thus,"id"it"advendingtem(cfidem"thesame")Thus"astatementormaxim"(ofthekindformerlyintroducedbytheworditem),firstrecordedMeaning"detailofinformation"(especiallyinanewspaper)isfromitem"sexuallylinkedunmarriedcouple"is,probablyfromnotionofbeinganiteminthegossipcolumnsNounsenseof"anarticleofanykind"()developedfromearlieradvsenseof"moreover,inaddition,"whichwasusedbeforeeveryarticleinalist(suchasaninventoryorbill)Itemizecoinediterate(v),"todoagain,repeat,"backformationfromiteration(),fromLiterationem(nomiteratio)"repetition,"nounofactionfromiterare"doagain,repeat,"fromiterum"again"ithyphallic,"poeminithyphallicmeter,"fromGkithys"straight"phallos"erectpenis"(seephallus)ThemeterwasthatoftheBacchichymns,whichweresungintheritesduringwhichsuchphalluseswerecarriedThus,inVictoriantimes,thewordalsomeant"grosslyindecent"()itinerant(attestedinAngloLfrom),fromLLitinerantem(nomitinerans),prpofitinerare"totravel,"fromLiter(genitineris)"journey,"fromire"go"(seeion)OriginallyinreftocircuitcourtsItineraryisfrom,fromLLitinerarium"accountofajourney,"fromnounuseofneutofitinerarius"ofajourney,"fromLitinerisitsseeitDevelopedlatecfromit's,genorpossessiveending,toreplacehis(whichisusedthroughouttheKJV)astheneutpossessivepronounOriginallywrittenit's,andstilldeliberatelyspelledthusbysomewritersuntilearlysitself,fromOEhitsylf,fromitself(qv)Sincecusuallyregardedasitsself(cfitsownself)itsybitsy,"charminglysmall,"fromitty(,inaletterofJaneAusten),babytalkformoflittleIvanmascpropername,fromRussian,lit"John,"fromGkIoannes"John"AsthepersonificationofRussia,orthetypicalnameforaRussianman(originallyaRussiansoldier),attestedfromivory,AngloFrivorie,fromONFrivurie(c),fromLeboreus"ofivory,"fromebur(geneboris)"ivory,"probablyviaPhoenicianfromanAfricansource(cfEgyptianab"elephant,"Copticebu"ivory")ReplacedOEelpendban,lit"elephantbone"Appliedinslangtoarticlesmadefromit,suchasdice()andpianokeys()Asacolor,espinreftohumanskin,itisattestedfromIvoriesasslangfor"teeth"datesfromIvorytower()firstusedinFr(tourd'ivorie)bycriticCharlesAugustinSainteBeuve()withreferencetothepoetAlfreddeVigny,whomheaccusedofexcessivealoofness"EtVigny,plussecret,Commeensatourd'ivoire,avantmidirentrait"SaineBeuve,"Penséesd'Août,aMVillemain,"ivyOEifig,fromWGmc*ibakhs(cfMLGiflof,Dueiloof,OHGebahewi,GerEfeu),ofunknownoriginthesecondelementintheOHGwordmaybe"hay"IvybushasasignofatavernwherewineisservedisattestedfromIvyLeague,inspiredbythenotionofold,ivycoatedwalls,datesto(ItconsistsofBrown,Columbia,Cornell,Dartmouth,Harvard,Pennsylvania,Princeton,andYale)ixnay"no,nomore,"pigLatinfornixizardchamoislikeantelopeofthePyrenees,,fromFrisard,Gasconisart,"perhapsofIberianorigin,"orfromBasque(cfizzara"star"
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