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首页 医学博士英语统考写作教程减轻阻碍

医学博士英语统考写作教程减轻阻碍.doc

医学博士英语统考写作教程减轻阻碍

wangbadan43
2018-09-05 0人阅读 0 0 0 暂无简介 举报

简介:本文档为《医学博士英语统考写作教程减轻阻碍doc》,可适用于医药卫生领域

、基本句型I表达减少、减轻、降低:名词及词组:aslightgreatreductioninpricereductionadecreaseinadropin动词及词组:reducesth(fromsth)tosthdecreaseeasepainnervousnessrelieveindigestionboredomtensionpressurerelievesbofsthalleviatesymptomssituationmakereductionsgodown例句:卫生工作根本目的在于保障全体人民群众的健康减少各种危害健康的因素减少疾病提高人民群众的健康素质和生活质量。Theessentialgoalsofmedicalworkaretoensurehealthforallthepeople,todecreasereducehealthriskfactorsandillnesses,andtoimprovethehealthandqualityoflifeforallthepeopleMedicalworkshoulddecreasehealthriskfactorsandillnesses,andimprovethehealthandqualityoflifeforallthepeople摄人大量维生素可明显减少寒冷环境中的体温下降幅度。IntakeofagreatamountofvitaminscanobviouslyresultinalessreductiondecreasedropofbodytemperatureinacoldenvironmentTotakealotofvitaminscanobviouslyreducedecreasethedroprangeextentofbodytemperatureinacoldenvironmentTakingalotofvitaminscanobviouslyreducedecreasetherangeextentofbodytemperaturedropinacoldenvironmentIfonetakesenoughvitamins,hisbodytemperaturewillnotdecreasetoomuchinacoldenvironment降低体重除使血压下降外总胆固醇(cholesterin)、血糖和尿酸(uricacid)也都相应降低。Adecreaseinweightcanresultinleadtoadropreductiondecreasenotonlyinbloodpressurebutalsointotalcholesterin,bloodsugaranduricacidThedecreasedweightcanmakenotonlybloodpressurebutalsototalcholesterin,bloodsugaranduricaciddropaccordinglyDecreaseofweightcanleadtomanybenefitstoourbody降低盐的摄人量低脂肪、高蔬菜水果、高纤维的膳食可以预防高血压。Todecreasereducetheintakeofsaltandtohaveadietoflowfat,highvegetableandfruitandhighfibercanpreventhypertensionIfonedecreasesreducestheintakeofsaltandhasadietoflowfat,highvegetableandfruitandhighfiber,onecanhavefewerchancesofdevelopinghypertensionDecreasedReducedintakeofsalt,lowfat,highvegetableandfruitandhighfiberindietcanpreventhypertension突出表现为对传染病控制的关注和经费投入的相应减少公共防御措施削弱专业人员流失。Thestrikingsignsindicationsareadecreasereductioninattentiontocontrolofinfectiousdiseasesandfinancialsupport,weakenedmeasurestoprotectpublichealthandlossofprofessionalsItisevidentthatthegovernmentwaslessinterestedincontrolofinfectiousdiseasesandthusspentlessmoneyonit,takefewereffectivemeasurestoprotectpublichealthandmadesomeprofessionalsgoaway瑜珈和打坐有助于她减轻思想压力。YogaandmeditationhelpherinreducingdecreasingstressYogaandmeditationhelpherreducedecreasestressYogaandmeditationhelprelieveherofstress担心胆固醇水平过高的人常常尝试减少吃肉。PeopleconcernedaboutcholesterollevelsoftentrytocutdownonmeatThosewhoareworriedaboutcholesterollevelsoftentrytoeatlessmeat虽然你治不好癌症但可以减轻症状。Youcannotcureacancer,butyoucanalleviatereducerelievethesymptoms农村合作医疗制度目的在于减轻农民个人的沉重医疗经济负担。ThepurposeofthecooperativemedicalcareinthecountrysideistoreducedecreaserelievealleviatetheheavyfinancialburdenonindividualfarmersTheruralcooperativemedicalcaresystemistorelieveindividualfarmersoftheheavyfinancialburden*TheruralcooperativemedicalcaresystemistorelievetheheavyfinancialburdenofindividualfarmerswrongII表达防止、抑止、制止、控制、避免、妨碍、障碍:名词及词组:preventiveactionsmeasuresobstacletosthobstructiontosthblocktosthmentalobstruction动词及词组:preventsbsth(from)doingsthavoid(doing)sthstopsbsth(from)doingsthdiscouragesbfromdoingsthcheckblockcontrolobstruct例句:在疾病流行期间要尽量避免到人群拥挤的公共场所。PeopleshouldavoidgoingtothecrowdedpublicplacesduringthespreadofadiseasePeopleshouldavoidgoingtothecrowdedpublicplacesduringanepidemicPeopleshouldnotgotothecrowdedpublicplacesasmuchaspossibleduringanepidemic全社会的及时行动避免(阻止)了禽流感的爆发。Thepromptactionsofthewholesocietypreventedthebirdflu(from)breakingoutThepromptactionsofthewholesocietypreventedendedstoppedcheckedblockedtheoutbreakofbirdflu把健康教育作为各级各类卫生单位的基本职能之一最大限度地控制和消除人民身体健康的各种危险因素。Weshouldmakehealtheducationoneoftheessentialtasksforallkindsofmedicalorganizationssothattheriskfactorsofpeople’shealthcanbecheckedcontrolledblockedandeliminatedasmuchaspossibleInordertocheckcontrolblockandeliminatetheriskfactorsofpeople’shealth,healtheducationshouldbecomeoneofthebasicdutiesforallkindsofmedicalunits在疫区旅行要采取预防措施避免传染。Whiletravelingintheepidemicdistrict,takepreventivemeasuresactionstoavoidinfection艾滋病虽然无法治愈但适当及时的治疗可以防止(阻止)病情迅速恶化。AlthoughAIDSisincurable,appropriateandtimelytreatmentmaypreventstopconditionofthevictim(from)gettingworserapidlyAlthoughAIDSisincurable,appropriateandtimelytreatmentmaypreventblockcheckrapiddeteriorationofthevictim’scondition药品的虚高价格和医院的乱收费妨碍了老百姓有病及时求医。Theunreasonablyhighpricesofdrugsandchargesinmanyhospitalsdiscouragepreventstopcommonpeople(from)seekingtimelymedicalcarewhentheyareillCommonpeopleoftendonotgotothehospitalwhentheyareillbecauseofhighpricesofdrugsandunreasonablechargesinmanyhospitals社会的误解和歧视抑止了他们参加社会活动的积极性。ThesocialmisunderstandinganddiscriminationcheckblockdiscouragetheirenthusiasmforsocialactivitiesThesocialmisunderstandinganddiscriminationpreventstopdiscouragethem(from)takinganactivepartinsocialactivitiesTheydonottakeanactivepartinsocialactivitiesbecausetheyarelookeddownuponbythesociety血块阻碍了血液在血管中的流动。ClotsofbloodobstructschecksblocksthefreeflowofbloodinabloodvesselClotsofbloodpreventstopblood(from)flowingfreelyinabloodvesselBloodcannotflowsmoothlybecauseofclots有些药物具有抑制身体正常功能的副作用。SomedrugscanproducesuchsideeffectsascheckingblockingobstructingnormalfunctioningofthebodySomedrugscanpreventstopthebody(from)functioningnormally练习:用英语表达以下意念:社区医生的人文医学服务减少了许多慢性病的发病率。衣服在皮肤之外包住一层温暖的空气使传导散热过程减弱。我们应该采取有效措施避免发生突发公共卫生事故。我们要不惜一切代价避免(防止)传染病的蔓延。这使得乡村卫生院业务量大幅减少。资金短缺妨碍了农村卫生工作完成这项计划。我们要避免再次发生类似事件。这些计划对于阻止一些疾病的流行是必要的。十九世纪发明了减轻分娩疼痛的新药物。消毒的作用是抑制细菌的生长。交通事故中行动及时常常能降低受害者的休克程度。中年时期组织器官的功能和生理功能日渐减退。锻炼时应根据病情变化适当减少或增加幅度。老年人由于生物规律的作用疾病增多生活质量下降。实验表明吸入含有薄荷(mint)和百花香味(fragrance)的气体能使计算机操作人员明显减少操作失误。安宁疗护(hospicepalliativecare)就是尽可能减轻临终病人的身体痛苦提高他们的生活质量。按摩能很好地减轻压力。人类平均寿命延长将导致老年社会的过早到来人类生活质量下降生命价值不能实现。他避而不用公共卫生设备。我们可以采取什么措施来防止艾滋病的蔓延呢?人类为了解决人的生存问题必定会采取措施控制人口的增长。过多的咖啡因(caffeine)会使人容易激动及精神紧张妨碍我们得到充分睡眠。他们已经能够防止实验动物患糖尿病(diabetes)。人口问题仍然是人类社会可持续发展的最大障碍之一。农村医疗卫生事业发展的最大障碍是资金严重不足。

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