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首页 医学博士英语统考写作教程medical mode

医学博士英语统考写作教程medical mode.doc

医学博士英语统考写作教程medical mode

wangbadan43
2018-09-05 0人阅读 0 0 0 暂无简介 举报

简介:本文档为《医学博士英语统考写作教程medical modedoc》,可适用于医药卫生领域

Title:OncurrentmedicalmodeControllingidea:CurrentmedicalmodeisabiopsychosocialoneCurrentmedicalmodeisconcernednotonlywiththebiologicalfactorsbutalsothepsychologicalandsocialfactorsofapatientCurrentmedicalmodepaysmuchattentiontothepsychologicalandsocialfactorsthataffecthumanhealthaswellastothebiologicalfactorsIdefinitionofmedicalmode:ThechiefcharacteristicsofmedicineofaneraThemainconcernsofmedicineofatimeIIdevelopmentofmedicalmodeAOldmedicalmode:biologicalCenteredondiseasesBCurrentmedicalmode:biopsychosocialCenteredonpatientsasasocialhumanbeingIIIthereasonswhymedicalmodechangedfromabiomedicalonetoabiopsychosocialmedicaloneAsocialchangesBchangesofdiseasespectrumCprogressofmedicineIVconclusionANationshealtheducationBmedicalworkersHolistictherapyTakesocialandpsychologicalfactorsintoconsiderationindiagnosisandtreatmentCurrentMedicalModeThemedicalmodemayberegardedasthechiefcharacteristicsofmedicineofanera,anditmainlyconcernsofmedicineofatimeWiththedevelopmentofsociety,twomainmedicalmodesexireatestthreattohumanhealthandclaimedmillionsoflivesseemtohavebeenconqueredbyhumanbeingswithantibioticsandvaccines)Andtherearemanyotherdiseasesemergingbecauseofthechangesofmodernlifestyles(Instead,chronic,noninfectiousandmentaldiseasesthatresultfrommodernlifestyleshavecausedthemainproportionofhumandeaths)Allofthesecausedthespectrumofdiseasetochange(Allthesehavechangedthemajortasksamedicalworkershouldfulfillinmodernandfuturesociety)Thesecond,withthedevelopmentofeconomyandsociety,peoplenotonlypayattentiontodresswarmlyandeareattheirfill,butalsothehighqualityoflifeFinally,modernistshowmoreandmoreconcernofbiopsychosocialhealthinsteadofonlyconcernofphysicalhealthTheydonotonlycomfortwiththephysicalhealthy,theyneedtomakefriendswithothers,hygeianmentalitytoo(Secondly,withthedevelopmentofeconomyandsociety,modernpeoplehavehigherdemandsontheirhealthTheyhavebeennolongercontentwithabsenceofdiseases,butdesiredahighqualityoflifeTheyareconcernedaboutnotonlyphysicalhealthbutalsopsychologicalhealthaswellasharmonyrelationshipwiththeirlivingenvironment)Although,demandsfromsocietyandpeopleputarequirementofchangethemedicalmodel,thechangeisstilldifficultItneedsthegovernmentandpeopleespeciallymedicalworkerstryhardtogether(Althoughthechangedtasksofmedicineandenhanceddemandsonhealthhavemadethereformofmedicalmodenecessary,effortsfromgovernmentsandmedicalworkersareneeded)First,governmentshouldsetdownnewcorrelativenationalhealthpolicy(First,governmentsshouldlaydownappropriatenationalhealthpoliciestopromotedevelopmentofthebiopsychosocialmedicalmode)Second,thedoctorsshouldchangetheiropinions(Secondly,doctorsshouldchangetheiroldmedicalideasconcepts)Modernmedicineisnotonlytotreatwithbodydisorder,butalsowiththepsychologicaldisorder,thelifestyledisorder,andsoon(Theyshouldbeawarethatmodernmedicineisnotonlytotreatbodydisorders,butalsodealswithmentaldisordersandhealthrelatedrisks)Doctorsshouldpaymoreattentiontotheirpatients,andtrythemhardtoalterthedistantrelationshipbetweendoctorandpatienttowarmlyrelationship(Theyshouldpaymoreattentiontohealthpromotion,notjusttodiseasemanagement)Third,healtheducationcanhelppeopletoimprovetheirbehaviors,suchasdomoreexercise,nottowatchTVtoomuch,notsitdowntoolongwithoutanymovement,etc(Thirdly,governmentsandmedicalworkersshouldmakejointeffortstocarryouthealtheducationinallkindsofforms,becauseitisaneffectiveandeconomicalwayforpeopletoraisetheirawarenessofhealthandgetridofriskylifestyles)Ingeneral,medicalmodeisavariablenessconceptandshouldfitforthechangesofsociety,diseasesspectrum,demandsofhealth(Ingeneral,amedicalmodechangeswithsocialdevelopmentandmedicalprogresssoastomeettheincreasingdemandsofpeople)OutlineⅠTheterm"medicalmodel"referstoaphilosophyofhealthandwellnessMedicalModeldevelopedagreatchangeresultsinchangesofdoctor’sroleⅡInthepast,MedicalModelisBioMedicalModel①whatreasonresultsinthismodel②Thephysician'staskistotreatdiseaseⅢAtpresent,MedicalModelhasturnedintoBioPsychoMedicalModelwhatreasonresultsinthismodelThecharacteristicofthismodelhasagreatchangeThephysician'staskfocusesonpersonsⅣweshouldunderstandthischangeofMedicalmodelMedicalModelTheterm"medicalmodel"referstoaphilosophyofhealthandwellnessthatismedicallybasedandlooksatfitnessaspartofalifelongpursuitoftotalwellnessWiththeimprovementofmedicallevelsandthediversifyofdiseases,MedicalModeldevelopedagreatchangeresultsinchangesofdoctor’sroleInthepast,MedicalModelisBioMedicalModelthismedicalmodelcentersondiseaseinmanyrespectsInthistime,itisapeakperiodofacuteandinfectiousdiseasesthephysician'staskistodiagnosediseases,todiscovertheircausesandsymptoms,anddesigntreatmentsThetreatmentsareaimedateliminatingorminimizingthesymptomsofthedisease,orthecauseofthedisease,orthediseaseitselfAtpresent,withtheprogressiveurbanizationoflifeaccompaniedbytheindustrialandtechnologicrevolutionshumankindhasseenthedevelopmentofnewandverydifferentadversities,particularlystressrelateddiseases,acuteandchronicthataredirectlylinkedtopersonalattitudesandlifestyleAsaresult,aBioMedicalModelthatcannoteffectivelyincorporatepsychological,psychosocial,orspiritualfactorsfactorshasbecomeincreasinglyevidentInordertosuitforthisdiversifyMedicalModelhasturnedintoBioPsychoMedicalModelHisconceptofpersoncenteredcarefocusesonpersons,notpatientsillnessratherthandiseaseanunderstandingofthepersonalsituation,notjustthebiologicsituationclinicaljudgmentratherthandiagnosisalonehealingratherthancuringcollaborationwithpatients,notjusttreatmentofthemandtheachievementofhealthratherthantheeradicationofsicknessThisconceptemphasizestheresponsibilityoftheindividualpatientinhealthmaintenanceanddiseaseprevention,withthephysicianactingasapartnerThephysician'sroleinpatientcenteredcareisinvolved,notdetachedIgnoranceofthesocialandmentalbackgroundofapatientcanhaveanegativeeffectontheoutcomeofthemedicalserviceAspractitioners,weshouldunderstandthischangeofMedicalmodel,approachourpatientsandtheirproblemswithintheframeworkofaconceptualmodel,makeBioPsychoMedicalModelserveduswell()ImprovementsThree:OutlineⅠTheterm"medicalmodel"referstoaphilosophyofhealthandwellness(ⅠTheterm"medicalmode"referstoaphilosophyofhealthandwellbeing)MedicalModeldevelopedagreatchangeresultsinchangesofdoctor’srole(Greatchangesinthemedicalmodehaveresultedinchangesofadoctor’sroles)ⅡInthepast,MedicalModelisBioMedicalModel(ⅡThemedicalmodeinthepastisbiological)①whatreasonresultsinthismodel(①Thereasonforthismode:tasktotreatdiseases)②Thephysician'staskistotreatdisease()ⅢAtpresent,MedicalModelhasturnedintoBioPsychoMedicalModel(ⅢThemedicalmodeatpresenthasturnedintoabiopsychosocialone)Whatreasonresultsinthismodel(Reasonsforthenewmode:)Thecharacteristicofthismodelhasagreatchange()Thephysician'staskfocusesonpersons()ⅣWeshouldunderstandthischangeofMedicalmodel(ⅣWeshouldunderstandthischangeofMedicalmodel)MedicalModelTheterm"medicalmodel"referstoaphilosophyofhealthandwellnessthatismedicallybasedandlooksatfitnessaspartofalifelongpursuitoftotalwellness(Theterm"medicalmode"referstoamedicalphilosophyofhealthandwellbeingthatlooksuponphysicalandmentalfitnessasalifelongpursuit)Withtheimprovementofmedicallevelsandthediversifyofdiseases,MedicalModeldevelopedagreatchangeresultsinchangesofdoctor’srole(Withconstantadvancementofmedicallevelsandchangingspectrumofdiseasesthatposethegravestthreatstohumanhealth,greatchangeshavetakenplaceinthemedicalmodeandconsequentlyresultedinchangesinadoctor’srole)Inthepast,MedicalModelisBioMedicalModelthismedicalmodelcentersondiseaseinmanyrespectsInthistime,itisapeakperiodofacuteandinfectiousdiseases(Themedicalmodeinthepastwasbiologicalandcenteredmaineffortsofmedicalworkersupondiseases,becauseitwasapeakperiodofacuteandinfectiousdiseases)thephysician'staskistodiagnosediseases,todiscovertheircausesandsymptoms,anddesigntreatmentsThetreatmentsareaimedateliminatingorminimizingthesymptomsofthedisease,orthecauseofthedisease,orthediseaseitself(Thechieftasksofmedicalworkersinthepastweretodiagnoseandtreatdiseasesinclinics,aswellastodomedicalresearchondiseasesinlabs)Atpresent,withtheprogressiveurbanizationoflifeaccompaniedbytheindustrialandtechnologicrevolutionshumankindhasseenthedevelopmentofnewandverydifferentadversities,particularlystressrelateddiseases,acuteandchronicthataredirectlylinkedtopersonalattitudesandlifestyle(Sincetheindustrialandtechnologicalrevolutionsaccompaniedbyglobalurbanization,thehumankindhasundergoneaseriesofdramaticprogressandchangesineveryaspectoflifeWithadvancedmedicine,acuteinfectiousdiseasescausedbyharmfulmicroorganismshavenolongerbeenthechiefkillerofhumanlivesWhenpeoplecannowenjoyamuchlongerlifeexpectancy,theyfindthatchronicinfectiousdiseasesrelatedtotheirlifestylesandenvironments,includingmentalproblems,havebecomethemaindangertotheirhealthModernpeoplenotonlywanttogetridofsufferingsfromdiseasesasmuchaspossible,butalsowanttostayhealthyaslongaspossibleAlltheseplaceputincreaseddemandsonmedicalworkers,astheyaresupposedtopromotehumanhealthinsteadofjustcuringdiseasesTobeabsentofdiseasesisjustpartofthenewconceptabouthealthHealthhasbeenregardedasmuchmorethanbeingabsentofdiseasesModernpeoplehavecometorealizedthathealthiscloselyrelatednotonlytophysical,orbiological,factorsbutalsotopsychological,environmentalandsocialfactorsofaperson)Asaresult,aBioMedicalModelthatcannoteffectivelyincorporatepsychological,psychosocial,orspiritualfactorsfactorshasbecomeincreasinglyevidentInordertosuitforthisdiversifyMedicalModelhasturnedintoBioPsychoMedicalModel(Asaresult,asthetraditionalbiomedicalmodecannotmeettheneedsofcontemporarypeople,anewbiopsychosocialmedicalmodeisdeveloping)Hisconceptofpersoncenteredcarefocusesonpersons,notpatientsillnessratherthandiseaseanunderstandingofthepersonalsituation,notjustthebiologicsituationclinicaljudgmentratherthandiagnosisalonehealingratherthancuringcollaborationwithpatients,notjusttreatmentofthemandtheachievementofhealthratherthantheeradicationofsicknessThisconceptemphasizestheresponsibilityoftheindividualpatientinhealthmaintenanceanddiseaseprevention,withthephysicianactingasapartnerThephysician'sroleinpatientcenteredcareisinvolved,notdetachedIgnoranceofthesocialandmentalbackgroundofapatientcanhaveanegativeeffectontheoutcomeofthemedicalservice(Thenewmoderequiresasksamedicalworkertofocushisattentionontheoverallconditionsofapatient,includinghisdisease,mentalstatus,socialbackgroundandlivingenvironmentIgnoranceofthesocialandmentalbackgroundsofapatientcanhaveanegativeeffectontheoutcomeofthemedicalserviceofferedbyadoctorThenewmodealsocallsforcollaborationbetweenadoctorandapatientMaintenanceofhealthandpreventionofdiseasesarenotjustthebusinessofadoctor,butaresponsibilityofapatientToagreatextent,tokeepawayfromhealthriskfactorsandtofollowahealthylifestyleareatasktoreducechronicandnoninfectiouslifestylerelateddiseasesmuchmoreforapatientthanforadoctor)Aspractitioners,weshouldunderstandthischangeofMedicalmodel,approachourpatientsandtheirproblemswithintheframeworkofaconceptualmodel,makeBioPsychoMedicalModelserveduswell(Asmedicalpractitioners,itisbeneficialforustounderstandchangesinthemedicalmodeThephilosophyofthebiopsychosocialmedicalmodewillserveasaguidelineforourclinicandresearchwork)OnCurrentMedicalModeOutlineThesis:Thecurrentmedicalmodeisconcernedaboutnotonlydiseasesandpatients,butalsothepsychosocialimpactⅠIntroduction:ADefinitionofmedicalmodeBImportance:protectionofhealthdevelopmentofmedicineCGreatchangesinmedicalmodeⅡPastmedicalmode:ADefinition:BiomedicalmodeReasons:aMaindiseasesaffectingpeople’shealthinfectiousdiseasesbDefinitionofhealth:absenceofdiseaseorinjuryBCharacteristics:AttentiontodiseasesIgnoranceofpsychologyandsocietyⅢDefinitionofCurrentmedicalmode:ABiopsychosocialmedicalmode:,EngelBReasons:Changeinspectrumofdisease:maindiseasesnoninfectiousdiseasesChangeinlifestyleChangeindefinitionofhealthⅣCharacteristicsofcurrentmedicalmode:AAttentiontobothpatientsanddiseasesBAttentiontopsychologyCAttentiontosocialfactorsⅤConclusion:AAsystemicandintegratedmedicalmodeBTheneedforanewmedicalmodeMedicalmodeisregardedasasumofradicalviewsandopinionsabouthuman’slifeactivity,healthanddiseasesItisimportantforhealthprotectionandmedicaldevelopmentMedicalmodevariesindifferentstagesandcanreflectthelevelofmedicaldevelopmentIntherecentyears,greatchangeshavetakenplaceinmedicalmodeBiomedicalmodewasreplacedbybiopsychosocialmedicalmodeBiomedicalmodeisdiseasecenteredandfocusesonthediagnosisandtreatmentofdiseasesInthepastyears,infectiousdiseasesweretheleadingdiseasesaffectingpeople’shealthManypeoplediedfromthesediseasessuchassmallpox,choleraandtuberculosisItisnecessaryfordoctorstotreatandcontrolinfectiousdiseasesOntheotherhand,peopledefinedhealthasabsenceofdiseaseorinjuryandneglectedotheraspectssuchaspsychologyBiomedicalmodewascharacterizedbyconcernaboutdiseasesandtreatmentofdiseasesratherthanhumanbeingThismodeignoredtheinfluencesofsocialenvironmentalandpsychologicalfactorsonpeople’shealthCurrentmedicalmode,whichisbiopsychosocialmodewasbroughtoutbyAmericanpsychiatristEngelinHepointsoutanintegrativeconceptofhealthanddiseaseshouldincludetheinteractionofbiology,psychologyandsociologyThismodemeetstheneedofthedevelopmentofmedicine,industryandtechnologyIntherecentyears,infectiousdiseaseshavebeencontrolledandcuredbyvaccineandantibioticsChronicnoninfectiousdiseasesincreasegraduallyandbecomeagreatthreatentopeople’shealthWiththedevelopmentofsociety,peoplearenolongersatisfiedwithsimplelifeandpursuehighermaterialandmentalcivilizationWHOdefineshealthasastateofcompletephysical,mental,andsocialwellbeingandnotjusttheabsenceofdiseaseorinfirmityCurrentmedicalmodetreatsnotonlydiseases,butalsopatientsorhumanandpaysmoreattentiontopsychologythatplaysanimportantroleinpeople’shealthThemodeisalsoconcernedaboutsocialfactorsHumanisnotonlyanaturalone,butalsoasocialoneSocialenvironmentalfactors,suchasculturebackground,occupation,familyandhumanrelationshipcanaffectthepsychosomatichealthofhumanbeingInconclusion,currentmedicalmodeisasystemicandintegratedmedicalmode,whichcaresforbothdiseasesandpsychosocialfactorsTheoutbreaksofSARSandavailflumakeusrealizethedamageofnewinfectiousdiseasesandtheimportanceofenvironmentandecosystemSoanewmedicalmodeisneededtoserveusbetter(words)ImprovementsFour:OutlineThesis:Thecurrentmedicalmodeisconcernedaboutnotonlydiseasesandpatients,butalsothepsychosocialimpactsonhumanhealthⅠIntroduction:ADefinitionofamedicalmodeBImportance:promotionofhealthdevelopmentofmedicineCGreatchangesinthemedicalmode(ⅠIntroduction:Definitionofamedicalmode:basedontheconceptsabouthumanlife,healthanddiseasesreflectthelevelofmedicaldevelopmentchangeswithtimeandsocialprogress)ⅡPastmedicalmode:(Thepastmedicalmode:)ADefinition:()Biomedicalmode(Biomedical)Reasons:aMaindiseasesaffectingpeople’shealthinfectiousdiseasesbDefinitionofhealth:absenceofdiseaseorinjuryBCharacteristics:(Results:)AttentiontodiseasesIgnoranceofpsychologyandsociety(IIThepastmedicalmode:BiomedicalReasons:aMaindiseasesaffectingpeople’shealthinfectiousdiseasesbViewsonhealth:absenceofdiseaseorinjuryResults(Features):aAttentiontodiseasesbIgnoranceofpsychologicalandsocialfactors)ⅢDefinitionofCurrentmedicalmode:(Thecurrentmedicalmode:)ABiopsychosocialmedicalmode:,EngelBReasons:Changeinspectrumofdisease:maindiseasesnoninfectiousdiseasesChangeinlifestyleChangeindefinitionofhealthⅣCharacteristicsofcurrentmedicalmode:AAttentiontobothpatientsanddiseasesBAttentiontopsychologyCAttentiontosocialfactorsⅤConclusion:CAsystemicandintegratedmedicalmodeDTheneedforanewmedicalmodeMedicalmodeisregardedasasumofradicalviewsandopinionsabouthuman’slifeactivity,healthanddiseases(Amedicalmodeisthetypicalwayaparticularmedicalsystemfunctions,orcommonmedicalpracticesarecarriedoutItisbasedontheconceptsabouthumanlife,healthanddiseases)Itisimportantforhealthprotectionandmedicaldevelopment(Itcanreflectthelevelofmedicaldevelopmentofatimeoraplace)MedicalmodevariesindifferentstagesandcanreflectthelevelofmedicaldevelopmentIntherecentyears,greatchangeshavetakenplaceinmedicalmode(Italsochangeswithtimeandsocialprogress)Biomedicalmodewasreplacedbybiopsychosocialmedicalmode()Biomedicalmodeisdiseasecenteredandfocusesonthediagnosisandtreatmentofdiseases(Thetraditionalbiomedicalmodeisdiseasescenteredandfocusesonthediagnosisandtreatmentofdiseases)Inthepastyears,infectiousdiseasesweretheleadingdiseasesaffectingpeople’shealth(Inthepastyears,acuteinfectiousdiseasesposedthegravestdangertohumanlifeandhealth)Manypeoplediedfromthesediseasessuchassmallpox,choleraandtuberculosis(Manypeoplediedyoungfromsuchdiseasesassmallpox,choleraandtuberculosis)Itisnecessaryfordoctorstotreatandcontrolinfectiousdiseases(Itwasthemosturgentfordoctorstosaveendangeredlivesbytreatingandcontrollingthem)Ontheotherhand,peopledefinedhealthasabsenceofdiseaseorinjuryandneglectedotheraspectssuchaspsychology(Moreover,duetolowlivingstandardsandlowdemandsonqualityoflifeinthepast,peopleatthattimetookhealthasjustabsenceofdiseasesorinjuriesandneglectedotheraspectsofhumanlife,suchaspsychology,lifestyleandenvironment)BiomedicalmodewascharacterizedbyconcernaboutdiseasesandtreatmentofdiseasesratherthanhumanbeingThismodeignoredtheinfluencesofsocialenvironmentalandpsychologicalfactorsonpeople’shealth(Consequently,theoldmodefailedtorealizethesignificantinfluencesofsocial,environmentalandpsychologicalfactorsonpeople’shealth)Currentmedicalmode,whichisbiopsychosocialmodewasbroughtoutbyAmericanpsychiatristEngelin(ThecurrentmedicalmodeisabiopsychosocialoneItsconceptwasfirstputforwardbyanAmericanpsychiatrist,Engel,in)Hepointsoutanintegrativeconceptofhealthanddiseaseshouldincludetheinteractionofbiology,psychologyandsociology(Hepointedoutthatanintegrativeconceptofhealthanddiseaseshouldincludetheinteractionbetweenbiology,psychologyandsociology)Thismodemeetstheneedofthedevelopmentofmedicine,industryandtechnology(Thenewmodehasresultedfromthemodernadvancesinmedicineandhumansocietyandisaimedathealthpromotion)Intherecentyears,infectiousdiseaseshavebeencontrolledandcuredbyvaccineandantibioticsChronicnoninfectiousdiseasesincreasegraduallyandbecomeagreatthreatentopeople’shealth(Whileinfectiousdiseasescannowbecontrolledandcuredbyvaccineandantibiotics,chronicnoninfectiousdiseasesincreasesteadilyandbecomethegreatestthreattopeople’shealth)Withthedevelopmentofsociety,peoplearenolongersatisfiedwithsimplelifeandpursuehighermaterialandmentalcivilization(Inaddition,withtheimprovementofqualityoflife,peoplewhoarenolongersatisfiedwithsimplybeingabsentofdiseasestrytopursuehigherphysicalandmentalwellbeing)WHOdefineshealthasastateofcompletephysical,mental,andsocialwellbeingandnotjusttheabsenceofdiseaseorinfirmity(Asaresult,WHOhasdefinedhealthasastateofcompletephysical,mental,andsocialwellbeingbutnotjustastheabsenceofdiseaseorinfirmity)Currentmedicalmodetreatsnotonlydiseases,butalsopatientsorhumanandpaysmoreattentiontopsychologythatplaysanimportantroleinpeople’shealth(Thecurrentmedicalmodetreatsnotonlydiseases,butalsopatientsasawholehumanbeinglivingunderparticularsocialandenvironmentalconditionsItpaysmuchattentiontopsychological,socialandenvironmentalfactorsthatmayplayanimportantroleinpeople’shealthItishealthcenteredratherthandiseasecentered)ThemodeisalsoconcernedaboutsocialfactorsHumanisnotonlyanaturalone,butalsoasocialoneSocialenvironmentalfactors,suchasculturebackground,occupation,familyandhumanrelationshipcanaffectthepsychosomatichealthofhumanbeing(Accordingtothenewconcept,apersonisnotonlyanaturalbeing,butalsoasocialoneSocialandenvironmentalfactors,suchasculturalbackground,occupation,familyandinterpersonalrelationshipcanaffectthepsychosomatichealthofahumanbeingmorethanwehaverealized)Inconclusion,currentmedicalmodeisasystemicandintegratedmedicalmode,whichcaresforbothdiseasesandpsychosocialfactorsTheoutbreaksofSARSandavailflumakeusrealizethedamageofnewinfectiousdiseasesandtheimportanceofenvironmentandecosystemSoanewmedicalmodeisneededtoserveusbetter(Inshort,sincethecurrentmedicalmodeembodiesanadvancedsystemicmedicalconcept,itwillbenefithumanbeingsbypromotinghumanhealthThereisnodoubtthatitsuitsthecontemporaryconditionsmuchbetterthanthetraditionalmodeTheoutbreaksofSARSandavianfluhavemadeusrealizetheimportanceofenvironmentandecosystemtohumanhealth,aswellasdangersofnewinfectiousdiseases
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