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首页 英语词源词典复件 h

英语词源词典复件 h.doc

英语词源词典复件 h

baibainn
2018-09-05 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语词源词典复件 hdoc》,可适用于服务领域

hood"stateorconditionofbeing,"fromOEhad"condition,position,"cognatewithGerheit,Duheid,allfromPGmc*khaidusOriginallyafreestandingword,cfOEhed"position,dignity,"ONheiðr"honor,dignity,"Gothhaidus"manner"itsurvivesinEngonlyinthissuffixHthepronunciation"aitch"wasinOFr(ache),andisfromapresumedLL*accha(cfIteffe,elle,emme),withthecentralsoundapproximatingthevalueoftheletterwhenitpassedfromRomantoGermanic,whereitatfirstrepresentedastrong,distinctlyaspiratedkhsoundclosetothatinScottishlochInearlierLtheletterwascalledhaInRomancelanguages,thesoundbecamesilentinLLandwasomittedinOFrandIt,butitwasrestoredinMEspellinginwordsborrowedfromOFr,andoftenlaterinpronunciation,tooThusModEnghaswordsultimatelyfromLwithmissingh(egable,fromLhabile)withasilenth(egheir,hour)withaformerlysilenthnowvocalized(eghumble,honor)andevenafewwithanexcrescenthfittedinconfusiontowordsthatneverhadone(eghostage,hermit)Relicsoftheformerlyunvoicedhpersistinpedanticinsistenceonanhistorical(object)andinobsminehostTheuseindigraphs(egsconductstatementoffactsmoralsadversitymethodmeansobservationsurpriseaccentuationinversiondirectstatementmystificationexposureofnakednesspessimismaudiencethesympathetictheintelligenttheselfsatisfiedvictimbystanderthepublicaninnercircletherespectabletheselfhumourSeehumorhump(inhumpbacked),fromDuhomp"lump,"fromMLGhump"bump,"fromPGmc*khumpReplaced,orperhapsinfluencedby,OEcrumpAmeaningattestedfromis"moundinarailwayyardoverwhichcarsmustbepushed,"whichmaybebehindthefigsenseof"criticalpointofanundertaking"()Theverbmeaning"todothesexactwith"isattestedfrom,butthesourceofthisindicatesitisanolderwordHumpbackwhaleisfromHumphreymascpropername,fromOEHunfrið,probablyfromPGmc*hun"strength"OEfrið"peace"TodinewithDukeHumphrey(c)meanttogowithoutameal,thoughthereasonfortheexpressionnowisobscureHumptydumptyfromFrnurseryrhymehero(therhymefirstattestedinEng),probablyareduplicationofHumpty,apetformofHumphreyOriginally,humptydumptywasadrink(),"aleboiledwithbrandy,"probablyfromhumpanddump,buttheconnectionisobscureandtheremaynotbeoneMeaning"ashort,dumpy,humpshoulderedperson"()isattestedearlierinEngthanthenurseryrhyme,thoughitmaybefromthenotionofananthropomorphicegg"'It'sveryprovoking,'HumptyDumptysaid,'tobecalledaneggvery!'""ThroughtheLookingGlass,"humus,fromLhumus"earth,soil,"probablyfromhumi"ontheground,"fromPIE*ghom(cfGkkhamai"ontheground,"Lithzeme,OCSzemlja"earth,"Lhumilis"low")humvee,PersianGulfWarmilitaryslang,roughacronymforhighmobilitymultipurposewheeledvehicleHunOE,tribefromcentralAsiathatoverranEuropeinthecandc(espundertheirkingAttila,calledFlagellumDei"TheScourgeofGod"),fromMLHunni,apparentlyultfromTurkicHunyü,thenameofatribe(theywereknowninChinaasHanorHiongnu)Figsenseof"recklessdestroyerofbeauty"isfromAppliedtotheGermaninWorldWarIbytheirenemiesbecauseofstoriesofatrocities,butthenicknameoriginallywasurgedonGersoldiersboundforChinabyKaiserWilhelmIIin,whichcausedascandalhunchoriginally()averb,"topush,thrust,"ofunknownoriginMeaning"raiseorbendintoahump"is,inhunchbackedPerhapsavariantofbunchFigurativesenseof"hint,tip"(a"push"towardasolutionoranswer),firstrecorded,ledtothatof"premonition,presentiment"()hundredOEhundred"acountingof,"fromWGmc*khundrath(cfONhundrað,Gerhundert),firstelementisPGmc*hunda"hundred"(cfGothhund,OHGhunt),fromPIE*kmtom"hundred"(cfSktsatam,Avestansatem,Gkhekaton,Lcentum,Lithsimtas,OIrcet,Bretkant"hundred")SecondelementisPGmc*rath"reckoning,number"(cfGothraþjo"areckoning,account,number,"garaþjan"tocount")OEalsousedsimplehund,aswellashundteontigMeaning"divisionofacountyorshirewithitsowncourt"(stillinsomeBritishplacenamesandUSstateofDelaware)wasinOEandprobablyrepresentshidesoflandTheHundredYearsWar(whichranintermittentlyfromto)wasfirstsocalledinhung(adj)pasttenseofhangmeaning"havingimpressivemalegenitals"isfromofajury,"unabletoagree,"Hungoverisfromhungup"obsessed"isfromHungary,fromMLHungaria,fromMedievalGkOungroi,GerUngarn,namesappliedtotheMagyarshungerOEhungor"uneaseorpaincausedbylackoffood,cravingappetite,debilityfromlackoffood,"fromPGmc*khungrus(cfOHGhungar,ONhungr,Gerhunger,Duhonger,Gothhuhrus),probablyfromPIEbase*kenk"toburn,bedry,pain"HungryisOEhungrighunk,"largepiececutoff,"probablyfromWFlemhunke(usedofbreadandmeat),whichisperhapsrelatedtoDuhomp"lump,hump"Meaning"attractive,sexuallyappealingman"isfirstattestedinjivetalk(inAustralianslang,itisrecordedfrom)hunker"tosquat,crouch,",Scottish,probablyfromONhuka"tocrouch,"hoka,hokra"tocrawl"Hunkerdown,SouthernUSdialectalphrase,popularizedc,fromnorthernBritishhunker"haunch"hunkydory,AmerEng(popularizedcbyaChristyMinstrelsong),perhapsareduplicationofhunkey"allright,satisfactory"(),fromhunk"inasafeposition"()NewYorkCityslang,fromDuhonk"goal,home,"fromMDuhonc"placeofrefuge,hidingplace"Atheoryfrom,however,tracesittoHonchodori,saidtobeastreetinYokohama,Japan,wheresailorswentfordiversionsofthesortsailorsenjoyhuntOEhuntian"chasegame,"relatedtohentan"toseize,"fromPGmc*khuntojan(cfGothhinþan"toseize,capture,"OHGhunda"booty"),fromPIE*kendGeneralsenseof"searchdiligently"(foranything)isfirstrecordedcThenounmeaning"bodyofpersonsassociatedforthepurposeofhuntingwithapackofhounds"isfirstrecordedHappyhuntinggrounds"NativeAmericanafterlifeparadise"isfrom"LastoftheMohicans"()HuntingdonOEHuntandun()"HilloftheHuntsman"(orofamancalledHunta)Huntington'schorea,namedforUSneurologistGeorgeHuntington(),whodescribeditinhurdleOEhyrdel"frameofintertwinedtwigsusedasatemporarybarrier,"dimofhyrd"door,"fromPGmc*khurdis(cfGerHürde"hurdle,fold,pen"ONhurð,Gothhaurds"door"),fromPIE*krtis(cfLcratis"hurdle,wickerwork,"Gkkartalos"akindofbasket,"kyrtos"fishingcreel"),frombase*qrt"toweave,twisttogether"(cfSktkrt"tospin")Senseof"barriertojumpinarace"firstrecordedfigurativesenseof"obstacle"ishurdygurdy,perhapsimitativeofitssoundandinfluencedbychirdygirdy"uproar,confusion"hurlc,hurlen,probablyrelatedtoLowGerhurreln"tothrow,todash,"andEFrishurreln"toroar,tobluster"OEDsuggestsallarefromonomatopoeic*hurr"expressingrapidmotion"seealsohurryFordifferencebetweenhurlandhurtle(whichapparentlywereconfusedsinceearlyME)seehurtlehurlingverbalnounofhurl(qv)attestedasaformofhockeyplayedinIrelandcasthenameofagamelikehandballthatoncewaspopularinCornwallhurlyburly,alterationofphrasehurlingandburling,reduplicationofchurling"commotion,tumult,"verbalnounofhurl(qv)HurlingtimewasthenameappliedbychroniclerstotheperiodoftumultandcommotionaroundWatTyler'srebellionhurrah,alterationofhuzza,apparentlyinflbysimilarshoutsinGer,Dan,SwedMayhavebeenpickedupduringThirtyYears'WarAccordingtoMorizHeyne,thiswasthebattlecryofPrussiansoldiersduringtheWarofLiberation()Hoorayisitspopularformandisalmostasoldhurricane,apartiallydeformedadoptationfromSphuracan(GonzaloFernandezdeOviedoyValdés,"HistoriaGeneralyNaturaldelasIndias,"),furacan(intheworksofPedroMártirDeAnghiera,chaplaintothecourtofKingFerdinandandQueenIsabellaandhistorianofSpanishexplorations),fromanArawakan(WIndies)wordInPort,itbecamefuracãoConfusionofinitialhandfcommoninSpintheseyearstheconquistadorisknownincontemporaryrecordsasbothHernandoandFernandoCortésFirstinEnginRichardEden's"DecadesoftheNewWorld":"Thesetempestesoftheayer(whichtheGrecianscauleTiphones)theycaulefuracanes"OEDrecordssomedifferentspellings,mostlyfromthelatec,includingforcane,herrycano,harrycain,hurlecaneModernformbecamefrequentfrom,establishedafterShakespeareuseshurricano("KingLear,""TroilusandCressida"),butinreferencetowaterspoutshurry(v),firstrecordedinShakespeare,whouseditoften,perhapsaWMidlandssenseofMEhurren"tovibraterapidly,buzz,"fromPGmc*khurza"tomovewithhaste"(cfMHGhurren"towhir,movefast,"OSwedhurra"towhirlround"),whichalsoperhapsistherootofhurlThenounis,fromtheverbReduplicatedformhurryscurryisfromhurst"hillock"(especiallyasandyone),also"grove,woodedeminence,"fromOEhyrst,fromPGmc*khurstiz(cfMDuhorst"underwood,"GerHorst"thicket,shrubbery")Commoninplacenames(cfAmherst)hurtc,fromOFrhurter"toram,strike,collide,"perhapsfromFrank*hurt(cfMHGhurten"runat,collide,"ONhrutr"ram")Senseof"injury"ispurelyanEngdevelopmentSenseof"knock"diedoutc,butcfhurtlehurtlec,hurteln,probablyfreqofhurten(seehurt)Theessentialnotioninhurtleisthatofforciblecollision,inhurlthatofforcibleprojectionhusbandOEhusbonda"maleheadofahousehold,"probablyfromONhusbondi"masterofthehouse,"fromhus"house"bondi"householder,dweller,freeholder,peasant,"frombuandi,prpofbua"todwell"Thesenseof"peasantfarmer"(c)ispreservedinhusbandry(firstattestedcinthissense)Beginningc,replacedOEweras"marriedman,"companionofwif,asadlossforEngpoetryTheverb"managethriftily"is,fromthenounintheobsoletesenseof"steward"(c)Slangshorteninghubbyfirstattestedhush,variantofMEhuisht(c),probablyofimitativeorigin,withterminaltlostprobablybybeingmistakenforaptsuffixHushhush(adj)isreduplicationHushmoneyisattestedfromHushpuppy"deepfriedballofcornmealbatter"firstattestedasatypeoflightweightsoftshoe,itisaproprietaryname,registeredhusk,huske"dry,outerskinofcertainfruitsandseeds,"perhapsfromMDuhuuskyn"littlehouse,coreoffruit,case,"dimofhuus"house"husky()"hoarse,"cinreferencetoacattledisease(ofpersons,),fromthenotionof"dryasahusk"senseof"toughandstrong,"isfirstfoundAmerEng,onanalogyofcornhuskshusky()"Eskimodog,",CanadianEng,earlier()hoskey"anEskimo,"shortenedvariantofEhuskemay(),itselfavariantofEskimohussar,fromGerHusar,fromHungarianhuszar"lighthorseman,"originally"freebooter,"fromOSerbhusar,varofkursar"pirate,"fromItcorsaro(seecorsair)BodiesoflighthorsemenorganizedinHungarylatec,widelyimitatedelsewhereinEuropeHussite,followerofJohnHuss,BohemianreligiousreformerburntinHisnameisanabbreviationofthenameofhisnativevillage,Husinec,lit"goosepen"hussy,"mistressofahousehold,housewife,"altofMEhusewif,fromhuse"house"wif"wife"Graduallybroadenedtomean"anywomanorgirl,"andbywasbeingappliedto"awomanorgirlwhoshowscasualorimproperbehavior,"andageneralderogatorysensehadovertakenthewordbyc"Itiscommontousehousewifeinagood,andhuswifeorhussyinabadsense"JohnsonhustingsOEhusting"meeting,court,tribunal,"fromONhusðing"council,"fromhus"house"ðing"assembly"(seething)socalledbecauseitwasameetingofthemenwhoformedthe"household"ofanoblemanorkingThenativeOEwordforthiswasfolcgemotThepluralbecametheusualformcsenseof"temporaryplatformforpoliticalspeeches"developedbyfromLondon'sCourtofHustings,presidedoverbytheLordMayor,whichwasheldonaplatformintheGuildhallThissensebroadenedtoencompassthewholeelectionprocesshustle,"toshaketoandfro"(especiallyofmoneyinacap,aspartofagamecalledhustlecap),metathesizedfromDuhutselen,husseln"toshake,totoss,"freqofhutsen,varofhotsen"toshake""Thestemshot,hutappearinanumberofformationsinbothHighandLowGermandialects,allimplyingashakingmovement"OEDMeaningof"pushroughly,shove"firstrecordedThatof"hurry,movequickly"isfrom"Togetinaquick,illegalmanner"isinAmerEng"tosellgoodsaggressively"isThenounsenseof"illegalbusinessactivity"isfirstrecordedinAmerEngHustler"thief"isfirstrecordedinsenseof"energeticperson"(especiallyasalesman)itisfrominsenseof"prostitute"itdatesfromhut,fromFrhutte"cottage"(c),fromMHGhütte"cottage,hut,"probablyfromPGmc*khudjan,fromtherootofOEhydan"tohide"ApparentlyfirstinEngasamilitarywordhutch,"storagechest"(alsoappliedtothebiblical"arkofGod"),fromOFrhuche,fromMLhutica"chest,"ofuncertainoriginSenseof"cupboardforfoodordishes"firstrecordedthatof"boxlikepenforananimal"isfromHutterite,inreftoMoravianAnabaptistsectestablishedbyJacobHutter(d)huzza,originallyasailor'sshoutofexaltation,encouragement,orapplausePerhapsoriginallyahoistingcryhyacinthinthisformearlierjacinth(),fromGkhyakinthos,probablyultfromanonIEMediterraneanlanguageUsedinancientGreeceofabluegem,perhapssapphire,andofapurpleordeepredflower,butexactlywhichoneisunknown(gladiolus,iris,andlarkspurhavebeensuggested)FabledtohavesproutedfromthebloodofHyakinthos,youthbelovedbyApolloandaccidentallyslainbyhimTheflowerissaidtohavetheletters"AI"or"AIAI"onitspetalsThemodernuseinreftoafloweringplantgenusisfromHyadesstarclusterinconstellationTaurus,,fromGkHyades,popularlyexplainedas"rainbringers"(fromhyein"torain"),becausewetweathersupposedlybegancoincidentallywiththeirheliacalrising,butinfactprobablyfromhys"swine"(theLwordforthemwasSuculæ"littlepigs")hybrid,fromLhybrida,varofibrida"mongrel,"specifically"offspringofatamesowandawildboar,"ofunknownoriginbutprobablyfromGkandsomehowrelatedtohubrisArarewordbeforechydra,genusnameofafreshwaterpolyp,fromGkHydra,manyheadedLernaeanwaterserpentslainbyHercules(thissenseisattestedinEngfromc),fromhydor(genhydatos)"water"(seewater(n))relatedtoSktudrah"aquaticanimal"andOEottur"otter"Usedfigurativelyfor"anymultiplicityofevils"Johnsonhydrangea,coinedinModLbyLinnæusascompoundofGkhydr,stemofhydor"water"(seewater(n))angeion"vessel,capsule"socalledfromtheshrub'scupshapedseedpodshydrant,coinedinAmerEngfromGkhydr,stemofhydor"water"(seewater(n))ant,prpendingofLverbshydrate,"compoundofwaterandanotherchemical,"fromFrhydrate,coinedbyFrchemistJosephLouisProust()fromGkhydr,stemofhydor"water"(seewater(n))Theverbisfirstattestedhydraulic,fromGkhydraulikosorganon"waterorgan,"fromhydr,stemofhydor"water"(seewater(n))aulos"musicalinstrument,hollowtube"ExtendedinLauthorstootherkindsofwaterengineshydrocarbon,"compoundofhydrogenandcarbon,"formedinEngfromhydro,combformofGkhydor"water"(seewater(n))carbonhydroelectric,formedinEngfromhydro,combformofGkhydor"water"(seewater(n))electrichydrofoil,"boatthattravelsthroughwateronwings,"formedinEngfromhydro,combformofGkhydor"water"(seewater(n))foil(n)hydrogen,fromFrhydrogène,coinedbyGdeMorveaufromGkhydr,stemofhydros"water"Frgène"producing"SocalledbecauseitformswaterwhenexposedtooxygenHydrogenbombfirstrecordedshortenedformHbombisfromhydrolysis,formedinEngfromhydro,combformofGkhydor"water"(seewater(n))lysis"aloosening,adissolution,"fromlyein"toloosen,dissolve"(seelose)hydrophobia,fromLLhydrophobia(CæliusAurelianus,c),fromGkhydrophobia(Celsius,CE),fromhydrophobos"dreadingwater,"fromhydr,stemofhydros"water"phobos"dread,fear"(seephobia)Socalledbecausehumansufferersshowaversiontowaterandhavedifficultyswallowingithydroplane(n),coinedinAmerEngwithsenseof"motorboatthatglidesonthesurfaceofwater,"fromhydro,combformofGkhydor"water"plane(fromairplane)Theverbisfirstattested,"toskimthesurfaceofwaterbyuseofhydroplanes"meaning"skidonathinlayerofwater"(espofautomobiletires)firstrecorded,properlyaquaplane(inthissense)hydroponics,formedinEngfromhydro,combformofGkhydor"water"(seewater(n))ponics,fromGkponein"tolabor,toil,"fromponos"labor"(seespan(v))hyena,fromOFrhiene,fromLhyaena,fromGkhyaina"swine"(fem),fromhys"pig"Appliedtocruel,treacherous,andgreedypersonssinceatleasthygiene,fromFrhygiène,ultfromGkhygieinetechne"thehealthfulart,"fromhygies"healthy,"lit"livingwell"(personifiedasthegoddessHygieia),fromPIE*eyugwiees"havingavigorouslife"TheGkadjwasusedbyAristotleasanounmeaning"health"HygienicisborrowingofFrhygiéniqueHyksos,thdynastyofEgyptiankings(BCE),called"ShepherdKings,"fromGkHyksos,fromEgyptian,eitherhiqshasu"rulerofnomads,"orheqakhoswe"chiefofforeignlands"hymen,fromFrhymen(c),ultfromGkhymen"virginalmembrane,thinskin"OriginallyanymembranepresentspecificmeaningbeginswithVesalius,Hymeneal"weddinghymn"is,fromLhymenaeus,fromGkhymenaios"belongingtowedlock,wedding,weddingsong,"fromHymen,Gkgodofmarriage,representedasayouthcarryingatorchandaveilHymenoptera,"orderofinsectsthatincludesants,wasps,andbees,"coinedinModLbyLinnæusfromGkhymen(genhymenos)"membrane"pteron"wing"(seepetition)hymie"Jewishmale"(derogatory),byearlys,apparentlyoriginallyamongblackAmericans,fromcommonJewishmascpropernameHymie,apetformofHyman,fromHeb,lit"life"(themasccounterpartofEve,qv)hymnc,fromOFrymneandOEymen,bothfromLhymnus"songofpraise,"fromGkhymnos"songorodeinpraiseofgodsorheroes,"usedinSeptuagintforvariousHebwordsmeaning"songpraisingGod"Possiblyavarofhymenaios"weddingsong,"fromHymen,Gkgodofmarriage(seehymen)Evidenceforthesilentndatesfromatleasthype(n)"excessiveormisleadingpublicityoradvertising,",AmerEng(theverbisattestedfrom),probablyinpartabackformationofhyperbole,butalsofromunderworldslangsense"swindlebyoverchargingorshortchanging"(),abackformationofhyper"shortchangeconman"(),fromprefixhypermeaning"over,toexcess"Alsopossiblyinfluencedbydrugaddicts'slanghype,shorteningofhypodermicneedleInearlyc,hyp"morbiddepressionofthespirits"wascolloquialforhypochondria(usuallyasthehyporthehyps)hyperfromGkhyper(prepandadv)"over,beyond,overmuch,abovemeasure"Asawordbyitself,meaning"overexcited,"itisattestedfrom,shortforhyperactivehyperbaton,"figureofspeechinwhichthenaturalorderofwordsorphrasesisinverted,especiallyforthesakeofemphasis,"fromGkhyperbaton,lit"overstepping,"fromhyper"over"bainein"tostep"(seecome)hyperbola,fromGkhyperbole"extravagance,"lit"athrowingbeyond"(seehyperbole)Perhapssocalledbecausetheinclinationoftheplanetothebaseoftheconeexceedsthatofthesideoftheconehyperbole,fromLhyperbole,fromGkhyperbole"exaggeration,extravagance,"fromhyperballein"tothrowoverorbeyond,"fromhyper"beyond"bol,nomstemofballein"tothrow"RhetoricalsenseisfoundinAristotleandIsocrateshyperglycemia,LatinizedformofGkelementshyper"over"glykys"sweet"haima"blood"(seeemia)HyperionaTitan,sonofUranusandGaea,lateridentifiedwithApollo,fromGk,lit"hewholooksfromabove"hyperspace"spaceofmorethanthreedimensions,",fromhyperspace(n)Ahybridcorrectlyformeditwouldbesuperspacehyphenc,fromLLhyphen,fromGkhyphen"markjoiningtwosyllablesorwords,"probablyindicatinghowtheyweretobesung,"together,inone,"lit"underone,"fromhypo"under"hen,neutofheis"one"hypnosis,"inducementofsleep,"coined(asanalternativetohypnotism)fromGkhypnos"sleep"(seesomnolence)osis"condition"hypnotic,"inducingsleep,"originallyusedofdrugs,fromFrhypnotique"inclinedtosleep,soporific,"fromLLhypnoticus,fromGkhypnotikos"inclinedtosleep,puttingtosleep,sleepy,"fromhypnoun"puttosleep,"fromhypnos"sleep"(seesomnolence)Modernsenseof"inducedtrance"firstrecordedinEng,alongwithhypnotist,hypnotize,allcoinedbyDrJamesBraidhypnotism,shortforneurohypnotism(),coinedbyDrJamesBraidofManchester,England,fromhypnotic(qv)ismInthesamework()BraidcoinedtheverbhypnotizehypoGkhypo(prepandadv)"under"CognatewithLsubhypochondria,"illnesswithoutaspecificcause,"earlier()"depressionormelancholywithoutrealcause,"earlierstill()ypocandria"upperabdomen,"fromLLhypochondria"theabdomen,"fromGkhypochondria(neutpl),fromhypo"under"chondros"cartilage"(ofthebreastbone)ReflectingancientbeliefthatthevisceraofthehypochondriaweretheseatofmelancholyHypochondriac(n)inmodernsensefirstrecordedhypocrisyc,fromOFrypocrisie,fromLLhypocrisis,fromGkhypokrisis"actingonthestage,pretense,"fromhypokrinesthai"playapart,pretend,"also"answer,"fromhypo"under"middlevoiceofkrinein"tosift,decide"(seecrisis)Thesenseevolutionisfrom"separategradually"to"answer"to"answerafellowactoronstage"to"playapart"Thushypocrite(c)isultGkhypokrites"actoronthestage,pretender"hypodermic,formedinEngfromGkhypo"under"derma"skin"hypoglycemia,LatinizedformofGkelementshypo"under"glykys"sweet"haima"blood"(seeemia)hypotenuse,fromLLhypotenusa,fromGkhypoteinousa"stretchingunder"(therightangle),femprpofhypoteinein,fromhypo"under"teinein"tostretch"(seetenet)hypothalamus,coinedinGerfromGkhypo"under"thalamus"partofthebrainwhereanerveemerges"hypothermia,ModL,fromhypo(qv)Gktherme"heat"hypothesis,fromMFrhypothese,fromLLhypothesis,fromGkhypothesis"base,basisofanargument,supposition,"lit"aplacingunder,"fromhypo"under"thesis"aplacing,proposition"Aterminlogicnarrowerscientificsenseishypotheticalishypsiprefixmeaning"onhigh,"fromGkhypsi"aloft,onhigh,"relatedtohypsos"height"cognatewithSktos"above,over,"OCSvysoku"high"hyssopOEysope,fromIrishLatinhysopus,fromGkhyssopos,aplantofPalestine,usedinJewishpurificationrites,fromHeb'ezobh(cfSyriaczupha,Arzufa)hysterectomy,coinedinEngfromGkhystera"womb"(seeuterus)ectomy,fromGkektome"acuttingout"hysterical,fromLhystericus"ofthewomb,"fromGkhysterikos"ofthewomb,sufferinginthewomb,"fromhystera"womb"(seeuterus)OriginallydefinedasaneuroticconditionpeculiartowomenandthoughttobecausedbyadysfunctionoftheuterusHystericsishysteria,abstractnoun,formedhysteronproteron,fromLL,fromGk,lit"thelatter(putas)theformer"Afigureofspeechinwhichwhatshouldcomelastisputfirst,fromhysteron,neutofhysteros"latter,second,after"(fromPIE*udtero,frombase*ud"up,out"seeout)proteron,neutofproteros"former
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