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首页 高考英语定语从句专项竞赛

高考英语定语从句专项竞赛.ppt

高考英语定语从句专项竞赛

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2018-11-14 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《高考英语定语从句专项竞赛ppt》,可适用于综合领域

’,什么叫定语从句?(’)用作定语对句子中的名词或代词进行修饰限定的主谓节构叫定语从句。,关系代词that指和在句中做,宾语和(’)人物主语表语Whose(属格):指人或物(作定语)=或(’)ofwhichwhomthe名词the名词ofwhichwhom,关系副词why表原因常用在先行词reason后面且=(’)forwhich,关系代词和关系副词不能引导非限定性定语从句。(’)thatwhy,在定语从句中关系代词有that,which,who,whom,和(’)whoseas,Who指人做whom指人做who也可以做(限定性定语从句)但前面有时不能(’)主语宾语介词宾语,先行词既有人又有物时定语从句关系词用不用which和(’)thatwho,when是关系副词在从句中做where也是关系副词在从句中做。(’)时间状语地点状语定语从句的基本节构是定语从句。(’)先行词关系词.先行词指物时用关系代词或在从句中做主语或宾语。(’)thatwhich、在限制性定语从句中如果先行词作时引导词可以省略但引导非限制性定语从句的引导词。(’)宾语不能省 当先行词是表示时间的名词如timedayyearmonthweek等同时又在从句中作时定语从句需要用关系副词when引导。引导定语从句的when也可以转换成“”的形式。(’)状语介词+which.先行词指物时先行词被或修饰时只能用that序数词形容词最高级 .当表示地点的先行词在从句中不是作状语而是作主语、宾语或表语时必须用关系代词或thatwhich引导非限制性定语从句的which可以指代前面的整个句子也可以指代前面的先行词。、除which外还可用whenwhom等关系副词或关系代词引导非限制性定语从句。(’)wherewho    .先行词指人时用关系代词或在从句中作主语或宾语  (’):thatwho .That与which的用法区别:先行词被theonly,,等修饰时只用that(’)theveryjustthe.当先行词是表示地点的名词如placeroommountainairport等同时又在从句中作状语时定语从句需要用关系副词引导。引导定语从句的where大都可以转换成“”的形式。(’)where介词+which(’)ThegirlyousawinthestreetisMaryAthatBwhoseCwhichDas(’)AIsthisfactoryalotofstudentsvisitedyesterdaytheoneBthatCwhichD(’)AThisisthebestbookIhavebeenlookingforallthisyearAwhoBwhomCwhichD(’)DTheboyhastwolovelydogsAwholivenextdoorBwhichlivesnextdoorCwhomlivesnextdoorDthatlivesnextdoor(’)DHaveyouvisitedthehousethefamousscientistwasbornAwhereBinthatCthatDwhich(’)AOctober,wasthedaythePeople’sRepublicofChinawasfoundedwhichBwhenCwhereDinwhich(’)BThefactoryMrLiusedtoworkwasclosedlastweekAwhenBwhereCthatDwhich(’)BTheytalkedforaboutanhourofthingsandpersonstheyrememberedintheschoolAwhichBthat  CwhoDwhom(’)BThisistheonlyarticleofthesethatwrittenbyhimAwasBwereCisDare(’)AThetrainshewastravelingwaslateAwhichBwhere  ConwhichDinthat(’)CHeoftenhelpsthestudentshethinksarenotquickattheirstudiesAwhomBwho  CwhenDbecause(’)BThisisjusttheplaceIamlongingtovisittheseyearsAthatBwhere  CinwhichDtowhere(’)AThisistheschoolMrSmithoncetaughtinthatBwhenCwhereDthere(’)CThehotelduringourholidaysstandsbytheseasideAwestayedatBwherewestayedatCwestayedDinthatwestayed(’)AIsthatthereasonyouareinfavoroftheproposalAwhichBwhatCwhyDforthat(’)CHehastwosons,workaschemistsA,twoofwhomBbothofwhomC,bothofwhichDallofwhom(’)BHeisthemostcarefulboyIknowAwhatBwhichCasD(’)DThisisMrSmith,IthinkhassomethinginterestingtotellusAwhoBwhomCthatD(’)AItwassuchaseriousmistake,causedbycarelessnessAwhichIthinkwasBwhichIthinkitwasCIthinkwhichwasDIthinkwhichitwas(’)AHehastoworkonSundays,hedoesnotlikeAandwhichBwhichCandwhenDwhen(’)B(’),ThejourneyaroundtheworldtookTheoldsailorninemonths,thesailingtimewasdays(全国,)A,ofwhichB,duringwhichC,fromwhichD,Forwhich(’)A,GeorgeOrwell,wasEricArthur,wrotemanypoliticalnoelsandessays(北京)A,therealnameB,whathisrealnameC,hisrealnameD,whoserealname(’)D,isreportedinthenewspapers,talksbetweenthetwocountriesaremakingprogress(北京)A,ItB,AsC,ThatD,What(’)B,TherewastimeIHatedtogotoschool(湖北)A,athatB,awhenC,thethatD,thewhen(’)B,Therearetwobuildings,standsnearlyahundredfeethigh(湖北)A,thelargerB,thelargerofthemC,thelargeronethatD,thelargerofwhich(’)D,Ihavemanyfriends,somearebusinessmen(全国,)A,ofthemB,fromthemC,whoofD,ofwhom(’)D,Thereweredirtymarksonhertrousersshehadwipedherhands(全国,)A,whereB,whichC,whenD,that(’)A,Therearealtogetherelevenbooksontheshelf,fivearemine(全国,)A,onwhichB,inwhichC,ofwhichD,fromwhich(’)C,Helenwasmuchkindertoheryoungestsonthantotheothers,,ofcourse,madetheothersenvyhim(天津)A,whoB,thatC,whatD,which(’)D,Americanwomenusuallyidentifytheirbestfriendassomeonetheycantalkfrequently(上海)A,whoB,asC,aboutwhichD,withwhom(’)D,Whatsurprisedmewasnotwhathesaidbuthesaid(湖北)A,thewayB,inthewaythatC,inthewayD,thewaywhich(’)A,Anyway,thatevening,,I’lltellyoumoreaboutlater,IendedupstayingatRachel’splace(浙江)A,whenB,whereC,whatD,which(’)Disoftenthecase,wehaveworkedouttheproductionPlan(江苏)A,WhichB,WhenC,WhatD,As(’)D,Thefactoryproduceshalfamillionpairsofshoeseveryyear,aresoldabroad(辽宁)A,ofwhichB,whichofC,ofthemD,ofthat(’)A,Beijing,lastyear,isaniceoldcity(北京)A,thatIvisitedB,whichIvisitedC,whereIvisitedD,inwhichIvisited(’)B,IcanthinkofmanycasesstudentsobviouslyknewalotofEnglishwordsandexpressionsbutcouldn'twriteagoodessay(,上海,)A,whyB,whichC,asD,where(’)D,WearelivinginanageManythingsaredoneoncomputer(北京春季)A,whichB,thatC,whoseD,when(’)D,hasbeenannounced,Weshallhaveourfinalexamsnextmonth(上海春季)A,ThatB,AsC,ItD,What(’)B,Wewillbeshownaroundthecity:schools,museums,andsomeotherplaces,othervisitorsseldomgo(北京)A,whatB,whichC,whereD,when(’)C,Alecaskedthepolicemanheworkedtocontacthimwhenevertherewasanaccident(上海)A,withhimB,whoC,withwhomD,whom(’)C,Sheheardaterriblenoise,broughtherheartintohermouthA,itB,whichC,thisD,thatMET(’)BTherearenothing!改错:(’)Letmehavealookatthedictionarythatyouboughtityesterday去掉it,先行词被,,,,修蚀时定语从句由关系代词as引导在从句中做主,宾,表语译成“如同”。(’)sosuchthesameasmanyasmuch

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