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首页 英语词源词典复件 r

英语词源词典复件 r.doc

英语词源词典复件 r

baibainn
2018-09-05 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语词源词典复件 rdoc》,可适用于服务领域

ramanounsuffixmeaning"spectaculardisplayorinstanceof,",abstractedfrompanorama,ultimatelyfromGkhorama"sight"RInacircle,meaning"registered(trademark),"firstincorporatedinUSstatuesThreeRs()saidtohavebeengivenasatoastbySirWCurtis()RR"restandrelaxation,"firstrecorded,AmerEngRB"rhythmandblues"(typeofpopularmusic)firstattested,AmerEngRAFacronymforRoyalAirForce,foundedbyconsolidationofRoyalFlyingCorpsandRoyalNavalAirServiceREM,acronymforrapideyemovementROTCacronymforReserveOfficers'TrainingCorps,attestedfrom(itwasestablishedaspartoftheNationalDefenseActof)RSVPc,fromFrabbreviationofrépondez,s'ilvousplait"reply,ifyouplease"rabbet(impliedinrabbeting),fromOFrrabbat"arecessinawall,"lit"abeatingdown,"fromrabattre"beatdown,beatback"(seerebate)Theverbisattestedfromrabbi"Jewishdoctorofreligiouslaw,",(inOEinbiblicalcontextonlyinMEalsoasatitleprefixedtopersonalnames),fromLLrabbi,fromGkrhabbi,fromMishnaicHebrabbi"mymaster,"fromrabh"master,greatone,"titleofrespectforJewishdoctorsoflawi,firstpersonsingpronrubai,fromArabicrubaiyah,fromrubaiy"composedoffourelements"rubber"thingthatrubs,",fromrub(v)Themeaning"elasticsubstancefromtropicalplants"(shortforIndiarubber)firstrecorded,introducedtoEuropebyCharlesMariedelaCondamine,socalledbecauseitwasoriginallyusedasaneraser"Veryusefulforerasingthestrokesofblackleadpencils,andispopularlycalledrubber,andleadeater"entryforCaoutchoucin,Howard,"NewRoyalEncyclopedia,"Meaning"overshoesmadeofrubber"is,AmerEngslangsenseof"condom"isfromsSenseof"decidingmatch"inagameorcontestis,ofunknownorigin,andperhapsanentirelyseparatewordRubberneck(v)isattestedfromRubberstampisfromfigsenseof"institutionwhosepowerisformalbutnotreal"isfromthevinthissenseisfromRubbercementisattestedfromRubbercheckisfromrubbishc,fromAngloFrrubouses(),ofunknownoriginApparentlysomehowrelatedtorubbleTheverbsenseof"disparage,criticizeharshly"isfirstattestedinAustralianandNewZealandslangrubblec,fromAngloNorm*robel"bitsofbrokenstone,"probablyrelatedtorubbish,butalsopossiblyfromOFrrobe(seerob)rube,reub,fromshortenedformofmascpropernameReuben(qv),whichisattestedfromasaconventionaltypeofnameforacountrymanRubeGoldberg,fromtheUScartoonistReubenLuciusGoldberg()whodevisedfantasticallycomplexgadgetrytoaccomplishsimpletasksHisBritishcounterpartwasHeathRobinson()rubella"Germanmeasles,",fromModL,lit"rash,"fromL,neutplofrubellus"reddish,"dimofruber"red"(seered)Rubenesqueofawoman'sbody,"roundedandplump,",ofthetypecharacteristicofthepaintingsofFlempainterSirPeterPaulRubens()Rubiconinphrasetocross(orpass)theRubicon"takeadecisivestep,",inreftosmallstreamtotheAdriaticonthecoastofnorthernItaly,whichinancienttimesformedpartofthesouthernboundaryofCisalpineGaulcrossedbyCaesarwhenhelefthisprovincetoattackPompeyRubik'sCube,namedforteacherErnöRubik,whopatenteditinHungaryinrubleunitofRusmonetarysystem,,viaFr,fromRusrubl',perhapsfromrubiti"tochop,cut,"socalledbecausetheoriginalmetalliccurrencyofRussia(c)consistedofsilverbars,fromwhichthenecessaryamountwascutoffrubricc,"directionsinreligiousservices"(ofteninredwriting),fromOFrrubrique,fromLrubrica"redochre,redcoloringmatter,"fromruber,fromPIEbase*rudhro(seered)rubyc,fromOFrrubi,fromMLrubinuslapis"redstone"(cfItrubino),fromLrubeus"red,"relatedtoruber(seered)ModFrrubisispropthepluralofrubi,mistakenforsingrucksack,fromGerRucksack,fromAlpinedialectRück"theback"(fromGerRücken)Sack"sack"ruckus,possiblyablendofruction"disturbance"()andrumpus(qv)rudderOEroðor"paddle,oar,"fromPGmc*rothru(cfOFrisroder,MLGroder,MDuroeder,Duroer,OHGruodar,GerRuder"oar"),from*ro"steer"(seerow())suffixþra,usedtoformneutralnamesoftoolsMeaning"broad,flatpieceofwoodattachedtothesternofaboatandusedforsteering"isfromcSpellingwithdforthfirstrecordedruddyOErudig,probablyfromrudu"redness,"relatedtoread"red"(seered)AsaBritishslangeuphemismforbloody(qv),firstrecordedrudec,"coarse,rough"(ofsurfaces),fromLrudis"rough,crude,unlearned,"perhapsrelatedtorudus"rubble"Senseof"illmannered"isfromcRudesby"insolent,unmannerlyfellow"isfromRudeboy(alsorudie,forshort)inJamaicanslangisattestedfromFigphraserudeawakeningisattestedfromrudiment,fromMFr(c),fromLrudimentum"earlytraining,firstexperience,beginning,firstprinciple,"fromrudis"unlearned,untrained"(seerude)RudimentaryisfromRudolphmascpropername,fromGerRudolf,fromOHGHrodulf,lit"famewolf,"fromhruod"fame,glory"wolfRudrastormgodinVedicmythology,fromSktRudrah,lit"thehowler,roarer,"fromstemofrudati"weeps,laments,bewails,"cognatewithLrudere"toroar,bellow,"Lithrauda"wail,lamentation,"OEreotan"towail,lament"rue(v)"feelregret,"OEhreowan"makesorry,grieve"(classIIstrongverbpasttensehreaw,pphrowen),fromPGmc*khrewanan(cfOFrisriowa,MDurouwen,ODhrewan,Gerrewen)inpart,blendedwithOEweakvhreowian"feelpainorsorrow,"andperhapsinfluencedbyONhryggja"makesad,"bothfromPGmc*khruwjanan,fromthesamerootThenounmeaning"sorrow,repentance"isfromOEhreow,fromtheverbrue(n)"perennialevergreenshrub,",fromOFrrue,earlierrude,fromLruta"rue,"probablyfromGkrhyte,ofuncertainetymology,originallyaPeloponnesianwordThebittertasteofitsleavesledtomanypunningallusionstothenounformofrue(v)ruff(n)"kindoflargecollar,stifflystarched,worninc,",originallyinreftosleeves(ofcollars,from),probablyashortenedformofruffleCardplayingsenseisaseparateword,fromaformergameofthatname(),fromMFrroffle,earlierromfle(),fromItronfa,perhapsacorruptionoftrionfo"triumph"(fromFr,cftrump)Thegamewasinvoguecruffian,fromMFrrufian"apimp,"fromItruffiano"apander,pimp,"ofuncertainorigin,perhapsfromaGmcsourcerelatedtorough(qv),butDuroffiaan,GerRuffianaresaidtobefromFrenchEngmeaningmayhavebeeninfluencedbysimilarityofsoundtoroughTheRomanicwords(egMLruffianus,Provrufian,Catalanrufia,Sprufian)preservethesenseof"protectororownerofwhores"ForsenseevolutioninEng,cfbullyruffle(v)c,"todisturbthesmoothnessof,"perhapsfromONhrufla"toscratch,"orLowGerruffelen"towrinkle,curl,"bothofunknownoriginMeaning"disarrange"(hairorfeathers)firstrecordedsenseof"annoy,distract"isfromThenounmeaning"ornamentalfrill"isfromrufous"reddishbrown,",fromLrufus"red,reddish,redhaired,"fromOscoUmbriancognateofLruber"red"(seered)Rufusmascpropername,lit"redhaired,"fromLrufus(seerufous)rug,"coarsefabric,"ofScandorigin,cfNorwdialrugga"coarsecoverlet,"fromONrogg"shaggytuft,"probablyrelatedtoragandperhapsalsoroughSenseevolvedto"coverlet,wrap"(),then"matforthefloor"()Meaning"toupee"istheaterslangfromCutarug"dance"isslangfirstattestedTosweep(something)undertheruginthefigsenseisfromRugrat"baby,child"isfromrugby,afterRugby,publicschoolwherethegamewasplayed,fromcityofRugbyinWarwickshire,centralEnglandTheplacenameisRocheberie()"fortifiedplaceofamancalled*Hroca,"secondelementfromOEburh(datbyrig),replacedbycwithONby"village"FirstelementperhapsratherOEhroc"rook"RugbyUnionformedSlangruggerfor"rugbyplayer"isfromruggedc,"rough,shaggy,careworn"(originallyofanimals),fromONrogg"shaggytuft"(seerug)"Thepreciserelationshiptoraggedisnotquiteclear,butthestemisnodoubtultimatelythesame"OEDMeaning"strong,robust"isAmerEng,"WewerechallengedwithapeacetimechoicebetweentheAmericansystemofruggedindividualismandaEuropeanphilosophyofdiametricallyopposeddoctrinesdoctrinesofpaternalismandstatesocialism"HerbertHoover,ruin(n)c,"actofgivingwayandfallingdown,"fromOFrruine,fromLruina"acollapse"(cfSpruina,Itrovina),relatedtoruere"torush,fallviolently,collapse,"ofunknownoriginMeaning"completedestructionofanything"isfromTheverbisfirstrecorded,fromthenounfinancialsenseisattestedfromRuins"remainsofadecayedbuildingortown"isfromrule(n)c,"principleormaximgoverningconduct,"fromOFrriule,fromVL*regula,fromLregula"straightstick,bar,ruler,pattern,"relatedtoregere"torule,straighten,guide"(seeright)ReplacedOEwealdanMeaning"regulationgoverningplayofagame,etc"isfromPhraseruleofthumbfirstattestedRuleoflaw"supremacyofimpartialandwelldefinedlawstoanyindividual'spower"isfromMeaning"Stripusedformakingstraightlines"isrecordedfromTypographysenseisattestedfromrule(v)c,"tocontrol,guide,direct,"fromOFrriuler,fromLregulareLegalsenseisrecordedfrom(ruling"judicialdecision"isfrom)Ruler"onewhorules"isrecordedfromcmeaning"stripusedformakingstraightlines"isc(seerule(n))"RuleBrittania,"patrioticsong,isfromrum(n)"liquorfromsugarcaneormolasses,",originallyrumbullion(),rombostion(),ofuncertainorigin,perhapsfromrum(adj)"ThechiefefudlingtheymakeintheIslandieBarbadosisRumbullionaliasKillDevill,andthisismadeofsuggarcanedistilled,ahott,hellishandterribleliquor"TheEngwordwasborrowedintoDu,Ger,Sw,Dan,Sp,Port,It,Fr,andRusUsedsinceinNAmerasageneral(hostile)nameforintoxicatingliquorsRumrunner"smugglerortransporterofillicitliquor"isfromrum(adj)"excellent,",fromrome"fine"(),saidtobefromRomanyrom"male,husband"(seeRomany)Averycommonccantword,byithadcometomean"odd,strange,bad,spurious,"perhapsbecauseithadbeensooftenusedapprovinglybyroguesinreftooneanotherThiswasthemainsenseaftercrumba(n),fromCubanSp,originally"spree,carousal,"derivedfromSprumbo"spree,party,"earlier"ostentation,pomp,leadership,"perhapsoriginally"thecourseofaship,"fromrombo"rhombus,"inreferencetothecompass,whichismarkedwitharhombusTheverbisrecordedfromrumble(v)c,probablyrelatedtoMDurommelen"torumble,"MHGrummeln,ONrymja"toshout,roar,"allofimitativeoriginThenounisattestedfromcSlangnounmeaning"gangfight"isfromMeaning"backmostpartofacarriage"isfrom(earlierrumbler,),probablyfromtheeffectofsittingoverthewheelshencerumbleseat()ruminant(n),fromLruminantem(nomruminans),prpofruminare"tochewthecud"(seeruminate)ruminate,"toturnoverinthemind,"also"tochewcud"(),fromLruminatus,ppofruminare"tochewthecud,turnoverinthemind,"fromrumen(genruminis)"gullet,"ofuncertainoriginrummage,"actofarrangingcargoinaship,"apheticofMFrarrumage"arrangementofcargo,"fromarrumer"tostowgoodsintheholdofaship,"froma"to"rumer,probablyfromGmc(cfONrum"compartmentinaship,"OHGrum"space,"OErum,seeroom)Meaning"tosearch(theholdofaship)thoroughly"firstrecordedRummagesale()originallywasasaleatdocksofunclaimedgoodsrummycardgame,,rhummy,ofunknownoriginGinrummyisfirstattestedMeaning"drunkard"is,fromrumMeaning"opponentoftemperance"inUSpoliticsisfromrumorc,fromOFrrumour"widespreadnoiseorreport"(Frrumeur),fromLrumorem(nomrumor)"noise,clamor,commontalk,rumor,"relatedtoravus"hoarse"Theverbisrecordedfrominthesense"spreadarumor"Rumormillisfromrump"hindquarters,buttocksofananimal,"c,fromaScandsource(cfDan,Norwrumpe,Swedrumpa),cognatewithMDuromp,GerRumpf"trunk,torso"Senseof"smallremnant"derivesfrom"tail"andisfirstrecordedinreftotheEngRumpParliament(DecemberApril)rumple(v),possiblyavariantofrimple"towrinkle"(c),fromOEhrympelpossiblyinfluencedbyMDurumpelenrumpus,ofunknownorigin,possiblyanalterationofrobustious"boisterous,noisy"(seerobust)Firstrecordofrumpusroomisfromrun(v)themodernverbisamergeroftworelatedOEwordsThefirstisrinnan,irnan(strong,intransitive,ptran,pprunnen),fromPGmc*renwanan(cfMDurunnen,OS,OHG,Gothrinnan,Gerrinnen"toflow,run"),fromPIEbase*ren"torun"Thesenseof"causetorun"isfromOEærnan,earnan(weak,transitive,probablyametathesisof*rennan),fromPGmc*rannjanan,causativeoftheroot*ren"run"Ofstreams,etc,fromcofmachinery,fromMeaning"tobeinchargeof"isfirstattested,originallyAmerEngMeaning"toseekofficeinanelection"isfrom,AmerEngPhraserunforit"takeflight"isattestedfromMostfigurativeusesarefromhorseracingorhunting(cftorun(something)intotheground,,AmerEng),except(tofeel)rundown()whichisfromclocks(inthelitsense,)Torunacross"meet"isattestedfromTorunshort"exhaustone'ssupply"isfromtorunoutofinthesamesenseisfromrun(n)"spellofrunning,"c(earlierren,c),fromrun(v)Senseof"smallstream"firstrecorded,mostlyNorthernEngdialectandAmerEngMeaning"seriesorrushofdemandsonabank,etc"isfirstrecordedBaseballsenseisfromMeaning"singletripbyarailroadtrain"isfromMilitaryaircraftsenseisfromMeaning"totalnumberofcopiesprinted"isfromMeaning"tearinaknittedgarment"isfromPhrasearunforone'smoneyisfromRunin"quarrel,confrontation"isfromrunofthemill"unspectacular,",litinreftomaterialyieldedbyamill,etc,beforesortingforqualityFiguseisfromrunoff"precipitationwaterdrainedbystreamsandrivers,",fromrun(v)offMeaning"decidingraceafteratie"isfromelectoralsenseisfirstattested,AmerEngrunaround(n)"deceptive,evasivetreatment,",fromrun(v)aroundTheverbalphraserunaround"toassociate"(with)isfromrunaway(n),fromrun(v)awayruncible,anonsensewordcoinedbyEdwardLearusedespeciallyinrunciblespoon"spoonwiththreeshorttineslikeafork,"whichfirsttookthenamerundown(n)inbaseballsense,firstrecorded,fromrundownMeaning"listofentriesinahorseraceandtheodds"isfromslangsenseof"summary,account,listofinformationorfacts"isfromruneOErun,rune"secret,mystery,darkmysteriousstatement,"also"arunicletter,"fromPGmc*runo(cfONrun"asecret,magicsign,runiccharacter,"OHGruna"asecretconversation,whisper,"Gothruna),fromPIE*runo,sourceoftechnicaltermsofmagicinGmcandCelticThewordenteredMEasrounandbynormalevolutionwouldhavebecomeModEng*rown,butitdiedoutcwhentheuseofrunesdidThemodernusageisfrom,introducedbyGerphilologistsfromaScandsource(cfDanrune,fromONrun)TherunicalphabetisbelievedtohavedevelopedbycCEfromcontactwithGkwriting,thealphabetmodifiedtobemoreeasilycutintowoodorstoneCfalsoRunnymedeForsomenotesontheGermanicrunes,seethispagerungOEhrung"rod,bar,"fromPGmc*khrungo(cfMLGrunge,OHGrunga"stake,stud,stave,"MDuronghe,Durong"rung,"Gothhrugga"staff"),ofunknownoriginwithnoconnectionsoutsideGmcSenseinEngnarrowedto"roundorstaveofaladder"(firstattestedc),butusageofcognatewordsremainsmoregeneralinotherGmclanguagesrunnel"rivulet,",inHakluyt,fromOErinelle,adimformrelatedtorinnan"torun"(seerun(v))runnerc,fromrun(v)Meaning"smuggler"firstrecordedsenseof"embroideredclothforatable"isfromRunnerupisfrom,originallyindogracingrunningnofactionfromrun(v)tobein(orout)oftherunning"among"(or"notamong")"theleadcompetitorsinarace"()isametaphorfromhorseracing,wheremaketherunning"setthepace"isrecordedfromRunningmateoriginallywasahorseenteredinaracetosetthepaceforanotherfromthesamestablewhowasintendedtowin()USvicepresidentialsenseisrecordedfromRunningdogfirstrecorded,fromChineseandNKoreancommunistphrasesusedtodescribesupposedimperialistlackeys,cfMandarinzougou"runningdog,"onthenotionofadogthatrunsatitsmaster'scommandRunningboardfirstattested,inreftoshipsandboatsRunnymedeplaceinSurreywheretheMagnaChartawassigned,MERonimede()lit"meadowonthecouncilisland,"fromOErunieg"councilisland,"fromruninsenseof"council"(seerune)runt,"oldordecayedtreestump,"ofunknownoriginMeaningextendedto"smalloxorcow"()andbytootheranimalsandpeopleSpecificAmerEngsenseof"smallestofalitter"(espofpigs)isattestedfromSomeseeaconnectiontoMDurunt"ox,"butOEDthinksthisunlikely,andpronouncestheword"ofobscureorigin"runway,"customarytrackofananimal,"especiallyadeer,AmerEng,fromrun(v)wayMeaning"artificialslopingtrack"isattestedfromairfieldsenseisfromrupeeIndiancoin,,fromHindiorUrdurupiyah,fromSktrupyah"wroughtsilver,"originally"somethingprovidedwithanimage,acoin,"fromrupah"shape,likeness,image"Rupertmascpropername,probablyablendofGerRuprechtRobertrupture(n),fromLruptura"thebreaking(ofanarmorleg),fracture,"fromppstemofrumpere"tobreak,"cognatewithOEreafian"toseize,rob,plunder,"reofan"totear,break"ONrjufa"tobreak"seereft)Meaning"abdominalhernia"firstattestedTheverbisfirstrecordedrural,fromOFrrural(c),fromLruralis"ofthecountryside,"fromrus(genruris)"openland,country,"fromPIE*rur"openspace"(cfOCSravinu"level,"OIrroi,roe"plainfield,"OErum"space"seeroom)"Inearlyexamples,thereisusuallylittleornodifferencebetweenthemeaningsofruralandrustic,butinlaterusethetendencyistoemployruralwhentheideaoflocality(countryscenes,etc)isprominent,andrusticwhenthereisasuggestionofthemoreprimitivequalitiesormannersnaturallyattachingtocountrylife"OEDRuritanian"utopian,",fromRuritania,nameofanimaginarykingdominThePrisonerofZenda()byAnthonyHope(),whocoineditfromLrus(genruris)"country"(seerural)Latinateendingitania(cfMauritania)ruse,"dodgingmovementsofahuntedanimal,"fromOFrruse(c),nounuseofruser"tododge,repel,retreat,"fromLrecusare"deny,reject,oppose,"fromreintensiveprefix,causari"pleadasareason,object,allege,"fromcausa"reason,cause"OrtheOFrwordmaybefromLrursus"backwards""AFrenchwordneitherelegantnornecessary"JohnsonButtheverbrusewasusedinMErush(v)c(impliedinrushing),"todrivebackordown,"fromAngloFrrussher,fromOFrruser"tododge,repel"(seeruse)Meaning"todosomethingquickly"isfromtransitivesenseof"tohurryup(someoneorsomething)"isfromFootballsenseoriginallywasinrugby()Fraternitysororitysenseisfrom(originallyitwaswhatthefraternitydidtothestudent)Thenounisattestedfromcsenseof"massmigrationofpeople"(especiallytoagoldfield)isfrom,AmerEngMeaning"surgeofpleasure"isfromsRushhourfirstrecordedrush(n)"plantgrowinginmarshyground,"OEresc,earlierrisc,fromPGmc*rusk(cfMLGrusch,MHGrusch,WFrisrisk)OFrruscheprobablyisfromaGmcsourceUsedformakingtorchesandfingerrings,alsostrewnonfloorswhenvisitorsarriveditwasattestedatypeof"somethingofnovalue"fromcrusk"light,crispbitsofbreadorbiscuit,",fromSporPortrosca"roll,twistofbread,"lit"coil,spiral,"ofunknownorigin,perhapsfromapreLatinIberianwordRussellmascpropername,fromOFrrousel,dimofrous"red,"usedasapersonalnamerussetc,"clothofreddishbrowncolor"(senseofthecoloritselfisfirstrecorded),fromOFrrousset,fromrosset(adj)"reddish,"dimofros,rous"red,"fromLrussus,relatedtoruber"red,"fromPIE*reudh"red"(seered)Asacolorname,attestedfromThewordwasfirstappliedtoatypeofapples,toatypeofpearsRussia,fromMLRussi"thepeopleofRussia,"fromRus,thenativenameofthepeopleandthecountry(cfArabicRus,MedGkRhos),originallythenameofagroupofSwedmerchantwarriorswhoestablishedthemselvesaroundKievcandfoundedtheoriginalRussianprincipalityperhapsfromRuotsi,theFinnishnamefor"Sweden,"fromONRoþrslandi,oldnameofRoslagen"thelandofrowing,"wheretheFinnsfirstencounteredtheSwedesOrperhapsrelatedtotheIErootfor"red,"inreftohaircolorRussiancitystateswerefoundedandruledbyVikingsandtheirdescendantsTheRussianformofthename,Rossiya,appearstobefromByzantineGkRhosiaSlangorcolloqRusski"Russian"()isfromRusRusskiyRussianrouletteattestedfromrust(n)OErust,relatedtorudu"redness,"fromPGmc*rusta(cfFrisrust,OHG,Gerrost,MDuro(e)st),fromPIE*reudhsto(cfLithrustas"brownish,"rudeti"torust"Lrobigo,OCSruzda"rust"),frombase*reudh"red"TheverbisattestedfromcAsaplantdisease,attestedfromcRustBelt"dacayedurbanindustrialareasofmidcentralUS"()waspopularized,ifnotcoined,byWalterMondale'spresidentialcampaignrustic,fromLrusticus,fromrus(genruris)"openland,country"(seerural)Nounmeaning"acountryperson,peasant"isfromcrustication,fromLrusticationem(nomrusticatio)"actorfactoflivinginthecountry,"fromrusticatus,ppofrusticari"liveorstayinthecountry,"fromrusticus(seerustic)rustle"toemitsoft,rapidsounds,"(impliedinrustling),ofuncertainorigin,perhapsimitative(cfMLGruschen,MDuruusscen,Gerrauschen"torustle")ThenounisattestedfromMeaning"steal"(especiallycattle)firstattested,probablyfromearlierAmerEngslangsenseof"moveaboutvigorously"(),perhapsaseparateword,compoundedfromrushandhustlerustyOErustig,fromrust(seerust)CfFrisroastich,MDuroestich,OHGrostag,Gerrostig"Inthethandthcenturiesfrequentlyusedasatermofgeneraldisparagement"OEDOfskills,accomplishments,etc,firstattestedrut()"track,",probablyfromMEroute(seeroute)thoughOEDfindsthis"improbable"metaphoricmeaning"narrow,monotonousroutine"firstattestedrut()"animalmatingseason"(originallyofdeer),c,fromOFrrut,ruit,fromLLrutigum(nomrugitus)"abellowing,"fromppofLrugire"tobellow"Theverbisrecordedfromcrutabaga,fromSweddial(WGötland)rotabagge,fromrot"root"bagge"bag"Slangmeaning"dollar"isfromsRuthfempropername,biblicalancestorofDavid,fromHebRuth,probablyacontractionofreuth"companion,friend,fellowwoman"Ruthenian,oforpertainingtotheUkrainianpeople(earlierRuthene,),fromMLRutheni"theLittleRussians,"aderivativeofRussi(seeRussia)Forconsonantchange,cfMLPrut(h)eni,fromPrussi"Prussians"TheelementRuthenium()wassonamedbecauseitwasfirstnotedinoresfromtheUralMountainsruthlessc,fromreuthe"pity,compassion"(c),formedfromreuwen"torue"(seerue(v))onthemodeloftruetruth,etcRuthful(c)hasfallenfromusesincelatecexceptasadeliberatearchaismRuyLopeztypeofchessopening,,fromRuyLópezdeSegura(fl),Spbishopandwriteronchess,whodevelopeditryeOEryge,fromPGmc*ruig(cfOSroggo,ONrugr,OFrisrogga,MDurogghe,OHGrocko,GerRoggen),probablyoriginallyfromBaltoSlavic(cfOCSruzi,Rusrozhi"rye"Lithrugys"grainofrye,"plrugiai)Meaning"whiskey"firstatteste
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