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首页 医学博士英语统考写作教程比较

医学博士英语统考写作教程比较.doc

医学博士英语统考写作教程比较

wangbadan43
2018-09-05 0人阅读 0 0 0 暂无简介 举报

简介:本文档为《医学博士英语统考写作教程比较doc》,可适用于医药卫生领域

、基本句型比较事物:基本句型:…as…asAisasgoodasBAstudiesashardasBAstudieshardjustasBdoes形容词、副词的比较级+thanOf比较的范围,形容词、副词的最高级动词及词组:comparewithinsthresemblesthdifferfrominsthvaryfrom…to…makeacomparisonbetweensthhaveadifferenceinsthhavearesemblanceinsthhaveseveralthingsincommon形容词及词组:similartosthdifferentfrominsthsamewithcommon介词:likeunlikeAislikeBAisunlikeB副词及短语:Similarly,Likewise,Onthecontrary,InBycontrast,Inthesameway,Inasimilarway,Inadifferentway,Ontheonehand…,ontheotherhand…I表示相同与相似:例句:走路可给予你许多与慢跑或跑步同样的益处只不过所花时间长一些。Walkingcanbringyoumanyofthesamebenefitsasjoggingorrunningdoes,thoughittakesmoretimeWalkingcanbenefityoujustasjoggingorrunningdoes,butittakesmoretimeLikejoggingorrunning,walkingcanbringyoumanybenefits,thoughitismoretimeconsuming蛋白质的供热量虽与碳水化合物相同但价格较贵。Althoughproteincanprovidethesameamountofcaloriesascarbohydratedoes,itismoreexpensiveLikecarbohydrate,proteincanprovidecalories,butitismoreexpensive在这方面人和动物一样。ItisthesamewithmanaswithanimalsManandanimalsarethesameinthisManandanimalsaresimilarinthisManandanimalsarealikeinthisThereisaresemblancebetweenmanandanimalsinthis这是因为非典引起的症状与许多其它疾病相似。ThisisbecauseSARSproducessignslikemanyothersicknessesThisisbecauseSARSproducessignsthataresimilartothoseofotherdiseasesThisisbecauseSARSproducessignsthatresemblethoseofotherdiseases他的发现似乎与中国的一位科学家早些时候的研究相一致。HisfindingsseemtoagreewithaccordwithanearlierresearchbyaChinesescientistHisfindingsseemtobeinagreementwithinaccordwithanearlierresearchbyaChinesescientistHisfindingsseemtobesimilartothoseofanearlierresearchbyaChinesescientist人生气时大脑释放的激素与紧张应激状态下分泌的激素相同。Whenapersonisangry,thebrainreleasesthesamehormonesthatareproducedduringtense,stressfulsituationsThehormonesthatarereleasedbythebrainwhenapersonisangryarethesamethatareproducedduringtenseandstressfulsituations对有些人来说喝茶就像刷牙洗脸一样时早晨正常活动的一部分。ForsomepeopledrinkingteaisasmuchapartofnormalmorningactivitiesasbrushingteethorwashingfaceForsomepeopledrinkingteaisapartofnormalmorningactivitiesasbrushingteethorwashingfaceisForsomepeopledrinkingteaisapartofnormalmorningactivitieslikebrushingteethorwashingfaceII表示不同、差别、区别:例句:人有男女老少之分工农商学兵之分贫富地位高低之分ABC型性格之分四种气质之分等。Peopledifferaredifferentingender,age,occupation,socialstatus,characterandtemperamentTherearealwaysdifferencesbetweenpeopleingender,age,occupation,socialstatus,characterandnaturePeoplehavedifferentgenders,ages,occupations,socialandfinancialconditions,charactersandnatures医生与病人进行语言交流应注意因人而异、因时制宜和因地制宜。Whenadoctortalkswithhispatient,histalkshouldvaryfrompersontoperson,timetotimeandplacetoplaceTheconversationbetweenthedoctorandthepatientshoulddiffervaryaccordingtodifferentpersonsandoccasions由于病人的年龄、职业、性格特点、文化程度等不同而且个人的病情不同采取的交流方式也应该不同。Aspatientsdifferinage,occupation,character,educationanddisease,thewayoftalkingshouldvarydifferaccordinglyWaysofcommunicationshouldvarydifferbedifferentaccordingtoapatient’sage,occupation,character,educationandseverityoftheillnessWaysofcommunicationshouldbedifferent,becausepatientsaredifferent相反与仅仅两年前相比大学生们对心理咨询的态度完全不同。Onthecontrary,comparedwithonlytwoyearsago,theattitudeofcollegestudentstowardsmentalconsultationhasbeentotallydifferentOnthecontrary,theattitudeofcollegestudentstowardsmentalconsultationhasbeentotallydifferentfrom(that)onlytwoyearsago洋医院与公立医院最大的不同是前者挣的是服务费后者挣得是药品钱。ThebiggestdifferencebetweenforeignfundedhospitalsandpubliconesisthattheformerearnmoneyfromtheirservicesandthelatterfrommedicationsForeignfundedhospitalsdiffergreatlyfrompubliconesinthattheformermakemoneychieflyfromtheirservicesandthelatterfrommedicationsForeignfundedhospitalsmakemoneyfromservicesbutpubliconesfrommedicinesThatisthebiggestdifference专家还认为应该根据人的不同年龄和体质状况科学合理地搭配早膳。ExpertsthinkthatbreakfastshouldbedifferentlypreparedaccordingtodifferentconditionsofpeopleExpertsthinkthatbreakfastshoulddiffervaryaccordingtodifferentconditionsofpeopleExpertsthinkthatitisscientificandreasonablefordifferentpeopletohavedifferentbreakfasts患者是具有不同个性的独特的人对同一种情况反应会千差万别。Sincepatientsareuniquepersonswithvariousdifferentpersonalities,theywillrespondvariouslytothesamesituationBecausepatientsarealluniqueanddifferentinpersonality,theirresponsestothesamesituationaresurelyvariousdifferentBecausepatientsaredifferent,theirresponsestothesamesituationaresurelydifferent相反一旦进入青年期行为发展开始分化。Bycontrast,onceachildgrowsintoanadolescent,hisorherbehaviourbeginstobequitedifferentvariousfromeachotherBycontrast,inadolescencethebehaviorofadolescentsbeginstodiffer循证医学与传统医学的不同有三点:一、经验的来源不同二、证据来源不同三、对个人的要求不同。Therearethreedifferencesbetweenevidencebasedmedicineandtraditionalmedicine:(different)sourcesofexperience,(different)sourcesofevidenceand(different)requirementsfordoctorsEvidencebasedmedicinediffersfromtraditionalmedicineinsourcesofexperience,sourcesofevidenceandrequirementsfordoctorsIII表示对比:例句:这些家长们认为粮食所具有的营养价值像它们的市场价值一样无法与动物性食品相比。TheparentsthinkthatgraincannotbecomparedwithanimalfoodsintermsofnutritivevalueaswellasmarketvalueTheparentsthinkthatcomparedwithanimalfoodsgrainismuchinferiorinnutritivevalueaswellasmarketvalueTheparentsthinkthatgrainismuchinferiortoanimalfoodsintermsofnutritivevalueaswellasmarketvalueTheparentsthinkthatlikeitsmarketvalue,thenutritivevalueofgrainisnotashighasthatofanimalfoods全科医生的服务质量会比目前不到分钟看一个门诊病人的医疗质量高得多、好得多。AgeneralpractitionercanprovidemuchbettermedicalservicethanthecurrentoutpatientdepartmentwhichdealswithapatientinlessthanminutesThemedicalserviceofageneralpractitionerismuchbetterthanthatofanoutpatientdepartment,becausethelatterdealswithapatientinlessthanminutes目前与发达国家相比我国健康教育投入甚微健康教育运行机制和政府对健康教育的管理尚不够协调。Atpresent,comparedwithdevelopedcountries,ourcountrystillhasalongwaytogoinhealtheducationAtpresent,healtheducationinourcountryismuchpoorerthaninferiortothatinthedevelopedcountriesintermsofgovernmentinvestment,operationmechanismandmanagementAtpresent,comparedwithdevelopedcountries,therearemanyproblemsinourhealtheducation在三大物质中脂肪具有产热量最多的特点。Ofthethreesubstances,proteincanproducethegreatestamountofcaloriesProteincanproducemorecaloriesthantheothertwosubstances定期锻炼的最大受益者是你的心脏。RegularexercisebenefitsyourheartthemostYourheartbenefitsthemostfromregularexerciseRegularexercisebenefitsnothingmorethanyourheart与中轻年人相比老年人的新陈代谢(metabolism)已经明显衰退。Comparedwiththeyoungandmiddleaged,metabolismoftheoldpeoplehasobviouslydeclinedMetabolismofoldpeoplehasbeenobviouslyinferiortothatoftheyoungandmiddleagedMetabolismofoldpeoplehasbeenobviouslyslowerthanthatoftheyoungandmiddleaged不过国内其它医院相比洋医院目前的收费是很高的。ComparedwithotherkindsofhospitalinChina,chargesinforeigninvestedhospitalsareveryhighChargesinforeigninvestedhospitalsaremuchhigherthanthoseinotherkindsofhospitalinChina,目前在基础设施、诊疗设备、技术水平等方面民营医院还难以与具备优势的公立医院相提并论。Privateownedhospitalsarenowmuchinferiortopublicownedonesinbasicfacilities,medicalequipmentandskillsThebasicfacilities,medicaldevicesandskillsofprivateownedhospitalsarenowmuchpoorerthanthoseofpublicownedonesThebasicfacilities,medicaldevicesandskillsofprivateownedhospitalsarenotsocompetitiveasthoseofpublicownedonesAtpresent,privateownedhospitalscannotbecomparedcompetewithpublicownedonesinbasicfacilities,medicaldevicesandskills我国有些中小城市CT的人均拥有量超过了世界上有些发达国家。Insomeofthesmallandmiddlesizedcities,theowningrateofCTperpersonishigherthanexceedsthatinsomedevelopedcountriesInsomeofthesmallandmiddlesizedcities,peopleownmoreCTperpersonthanthoseinsomedevelopedcountries这意味着后一代人总是要比前一代人占有地球的更多时间和空间消耗更多的资源产生更多的污染Thismeansthatthelatergenerationalwaystakesupmoretimeandspaceontheearth,usesmoreresourcesandproducesmorepollutionthanthepreviousgeneration在过去年中世界上没有任何一个国家的医疗保健发展速度像中国那么快。Inthepastyears,nocountryintheworldhasmademorerapidprogressthanChinainmedicalcareInthepastyears,nocountryintheworldhasdevelopedinmedicalcareasquicklyasChina练习:用英语表达以下意念:艾滋病病毒感染者外表和正常人一样。同样的原因产生同样的结果。他们处理这种消毒骨的方法与处理骨折的方法相同。这种病像皮肤癌但又不是皮肤癌。一位美国科学家报导了类似的发现。他们的身体需要咖啡或茶就像吸烟者需要烟叶一样。像体温一样生存质量是可以科学测量的。我国的膳食结构与西方不同。相反同城里人不一样农民喜欢价廉方便的中医。两组的症状大大不同。相反有些高校对心理咨询的作用认识不足。研究人员发现男孩和女孩在学习方式上有一些重大差异。男女在智力方面当然没有差异。人类所需要的各种营养素其市场价格有高低之分。烧伤严重程度不同对烧伤病人的急救方式也不同。目前在所有治疗艾滋病的手段中“鸡尾酒疗法”是效果最好的。环境污染对人体的影响比我们意识到的要大得多。很明显放疗和化疗所带来的好处超过其不利的方面。健康教育作为防治慢性病的一种手段与其他方法相比有很多优点。中医看病没有西医来得快。西方人不能接受我们的一些生活习惯,正如我们不能理解他们的一些价值观念。ABS在各项指数上比较接近其中A在三者中生活质量最高。在防治不良生活方式疾病方面社区卫生服务比普通正规医院作用更大。开展健康教育、促进健康花费比治疗要少得多。竞争给我们带来的益处远比其代价大。安宁缓和医疗(hospicepalliativecare)比安乐死(euthanasia)似乎更是解决临终病人痛苦的良方。用最快速度建立起预防和治疗体系把突发公共卫生事件对人们的身体健康和生命安全造成的损失减至最小。医院用地越征越多房子越盖越洋设备越来越高尖。与老年人交谈时应用更尊重、更关心和体贴的语言更何况到公立医院看病的各种费用低于合资医院。

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