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首页 英语词源词典复件 o

英语词源词典复件 o.doc

英语词源词典复件 o

baibainn
2018-09-05 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语词源词典复件 odoc》,可适用于服务领域

oholicabstractedfromalcoholic(qv)oidsuffixfor"like,likethatof,"fromGkoeides,fromeidos"form,"relatedtoidein"tosee,"eidenai"toknow"lit"tosee,"fromPIE*weides,frombase*weid"tosee,toknow"(seevision)olacommercialsuffix,probablyoriginallyinpianola(qv)orsuffixformingnounsofquality,state,orcondition,fromMEour,fromOFrour(Freur),fromLorem(nomor),asuffixaddedtoppverbalstemsAlsoinsomecasesfromLatorem(nomator)Theourformpredominatedafterc,buttherewasapartialrevivaloforontheLmodelfromcInUS,viaWebster,orisuniversal,whileinBritainourisusedinmostcases(butwithexceptions:author,error,senator,ancestor,etc)osissuffixexpressingstateorcondition,inmedicalterminologydenoting"astateofdisease,"fromLosis,fromGkosis,formedfromtheaoristofverbsendinginoItcorrespondstoLatioourseeorointerjoffear,surprise,admiration,etc,seeohObloodtype,,originally"zero,"denotingabsenceofAandBagglutinogensO'asaprefixinIrishnames,fromIró,ua(OIrau)"descendant"o'clockc,abbreviationofoftheclock,fromMEoftheclokke()Attestedfrominreftodirectionlementnearafrontier"isfromPhraseoutpostofEmpire()echoesKiplingoutpouring,"actionofpouringout,"fromoutinfofpour(qv)Originallytransf,ofthingsspiritualsenseof"thatwhichispouredout"(again,usuallytransf)isfirstrecordedoutput(n),fromoutandputTillc,atechnicaltermintheironandcoaltradeTheverbisattestedfromc,originally"toexpel"meaning"toproduce"isfromoutrage(n),"violentbehavior,excess,extravagance,"fromOFroutrage(c),earlieroltrage(c),fromVL*ultraticum"excess,"fromLultra"beyond"Etymologically,"thepassingbeyondreasonablebounds"inanysensemeaningnarrowedinEngtowardviolentexcessesbecauseoffolketymologyfromoutrageOfinjuriestofeelings,principles,etc,fromTheverbisfrominthesenseof"togotoexcess"withmeaning"doviolenceto"Outrageousisfromcmodernteenslangusagesofitunwittinglyapproachtheoriginalandetymologicalsenseofthewordoutre"exaggerated,extravagant,eccentric,",fromFroutré,ppofoutrer"tocarrytoexcess,overdo,overstrain,exaggerate,"fromoutre"beyond"(seeoutrage)outreach(n)"anorganization'sinvolvementinthecommunity,",fromoutreach(qv)Theverb()tendstobeusedinliteralsensesoutriggerdeviceusedinPacificandIndianoceanstostabilizecanoes,,altered(byinfluenceofrig)fromoutligger()"asparprojectingfromavessel,"probablyfromthesamerootasDuuitlegger,lit"outlyer"outrightc,ofdirection,"straightahead,"fromoutright(qv)Meaning"allatonce"isattestedfromoutset"actofsettingoutonajourney,business,etc",fromoutset(v)Theearlierwordforthiswasoutsetting()outshine,fromoutshine(v)Figsenseof"tosurpassinsplendororexcellence"isfromoutside(n),"outerside,"fromoutside(qv)TheadjisattestedfromtheprepfromtheadvfromOutsiderisfirstattestedfigsenseof"apersonisolatedfromconventionalsociety"isfirstrecordedThesenseofracehorses"outside"thefavoritesisfromhenceoutsidechance()outskirt"outerborder,",fromoutskirt(qv)NowonlyinpluralOriginallyinSpenseroutsmart"toprovetoocleverfor,",fromoutsmartoutsourceinreftojobsgoingoverseas,by,fromoutsourceoutspoken"giventospeakingfreely,",originallyScottish,fromoutptofspeak(qv)outstanding,"projecting,prominent,detached"(impliedinoutstand(v)),fromoutstandFigurativesenseof"conspicuous,striking"isfirstrecordedMeaning"unpaid,unsettled"isfromoutstretchc,fromoutstretch(qv)outstrip,"topassinrunning,"fromoutMEstrip"movequickly,"ofunknownoriginFigsenseof"toexcelorsurpassinanything"isfromoutwardOEutweard"towardtheoutside"(ofanenclosure,surface,etc),earlierutanweard,fromute,utan"outside"(fromutseeout)weard"ward"Ofpersons,inreftotheexternalappearance(usuallyopposedtoinnerfeelings),itisattestedfrom(impliedinoutwardly)Outwardbound"directedonacourseoutfromhomeport"isfirstrecordedwithcapitalinitials,itreferstoaseaschoolfoundedinoutwit"togetthebetterofbysuperiorwits,",fromoutwit(qv)ouzelOEosle"blackbird,"fromWGmc*amslon(cfOHGamsala,Geramsel),probablyfromPIE*ams"black,blackbird"(cfLmerula"blackbird,"Welshmwyalch"blackbird,thrush,"Bretmoualch"ouzel")ouzoliquorflavoredwithaniseed,,fromModGkouzo,ofuncertainoriginOnetheoryisthatitderivesfromItusoMassalia,lit"forMarsailles,"whichwasstampedonselectedpackagesofsilkwormcocoonsbeingshippedfromThessaly,andcametobetakeninGkfor"ofsuperiorquality"oval,fromMLovalis"eggshaped"(cfFroval,),lit"oforpertainingtoanegg,"fromLovum"egg,"fromPIE*owyo*oyyo"egg"(seeegg)TheclassicalLwordwasovatusOvaltineproprietarynameofadrinkmix,,probablybasedonLovum(seeoval),becauseeggsareoneoftheingredientsovary,fromModLovarium"ovary"(c),fromMLovaria"theovaryofabird"(c),fromLovum"egg,"fromPIE*owyo*oyyo"egg"(seeegg)InclassicalL,ovariusmeant"eggkeeper"Ovarian(adj)isattestedfromovate(n),fromassumedLplOvates,fromGkOuateis"soothsayers,prophets,"mentionedbyStraboasathirdorderintheGaulishhierarchy,fromPCelt*vateis,plof*vatis,cognatewithLvatis,OIrfaith,WelshofyddThemodernword,andtheartificialsensesattachedtoit,arefromthecCelticrevivalandthewordappearsfirstinHenryRowlandsovation,fromLovationem(nomovatio)"atriumph,rejoicing,"fromovare"exult,rejoice,triumph,"probablyimitativeofashout(cfGkeuazein"touttercriesofjoy")InRomanhistory,alessertriumph,grantedtoacommanderforachievementsinsufficienttoentitlehimtoatriumphproperFigurativesenseof"burstofenthusiasticapplause"isfirstattestedovenOEofen"furnace,oven,"fromPGmc*ukhnaz(cfOFris,Duoven,GerOfen,ONofn,OSwedoghn,Gothauhns),fromPIE*aukw"cookingpot"(cfSktukhah"pot,cookingpot,"Laulla"pot,"Gkipnos),originally,perhaps,"somethinghollowedout"Theovenbird()socalledbecauseoftheshapeofitsnestInslang,ofawoman,tohave(something)intheoven"tobepregnant"isattestedfromoverOEofer,fromPGmc*uberi(cfOSobar,OFrisover,ONyfir,OHGubar,Gerüber,Gothufar"over,above"),fromPIE*uper(seesuper)Senseof"finished"isattestedfromInradiocommunication,usedtoindicatethespeakerhasfinishedspeaking()WidelyusedasaprefixinOEandotherGmclangsOverly"excessively"isfromOEoferliceAdjectivephraseoverthecounterisattestedfrom,originallyofstocksandsharesoverachiever,fromoveragentnounofachieveoverexpose,inphotography,fromoverexpose(qv)Figsense,inreftocelebrity,firstattested(impliedinoverexposure)overextend"totakeontoomuch"(work,debt,etc),,fromoverextendoverreact,fromoverreact(qv)FirstattestedinLewisMumfordoversexed,fromoverppofsex(qv)overact,"togotoofarinaction,"fromoveract(qv)Meaning"toplayapartwithtoomuchemphasis,tochewthescenery"isfromoverage"asurplusamount,",abankingterm,coinedfromover,onmodelofshortageoverall"everywhere,"OEofereall,fromofer"over"eall"all"senseof"includingeverything"isfromClothingsense(usuallyplural)of"loosetrousersofastrongmaterialwornbycowboys,etc"isfromSpecificsense"loosefittingcanvastrouserswithabibandstraptop"(originallywornbyworkmenoverotherclothestoprotectthemfromwet,dirt,etc)isattestedfromoveranxiousfromoveranxiousAhybridwordintroducedbynovelistSamuelRichardson()in"Pamela"overawe,coinedbySpenserfromoveraweoverbear,"tocarryover,"fromoverbear(v)Meaning"tobeardownbyweightofphysicalforce"isfrom(inCoverdale),originallynautical,ofanoverwhelmingwindfigsenseof"toovercomeandrepressbypower,authority,etc"isfromoverbite"overlappingofthelowerteethbytheupperones,",fromoverbiteoverblown,"blownover,passedaway,"fromverboverblow(c),fromoverblowMeaning"inflated,puffedup"(withvanity,etc)isfromoverboard"overthesideofaship,"OEoforbord,frombord"thesideofaship"Figsenseof"excessively,beyondone'smeans"(espinphrasetogooverboard)firstattestedinDamonRunyonoverbook"tosellmoreticketsthanthereareseats,",fromoverbook,originallyinreftotheatersoverburden(v)"toputtoomuchweighton,",fromoverburdenEarliestusesarefigurativeovercast(adj),originallyppofverbovercast(c),"tocover,tooverspread"aswithagarment,usuallyofweather,fromovercast(qv)Earliestsenseoftheverb(c)was"tooverthrow"overcharge(v),"tooverload,overburden,"fromoverchargeMeaning"tochargesomeonetoomuchmoney"isfromovercoat"largecoatwornoverordinaryclothing,",fromovercoatovercomeOEofercuman"toreach,overtake,"also"toconquer,prevailover,"fromofer"over"cuman"tocome"(seecome)AcommonGmccompound(cfMDuoverkomen,OHGubarqueman,Gerüberkommen)Inreftomentalorchemicalforce,"tooverwhelm,renderhelpless,"itisinlateOEMeaning"tosurmount"(adifficultyorobstacle)isfromcTheCivilRightsanthem"WeShallOvercome"wasputtogethercsfromlyricsfromCharlesTindley'sspiritual"I'llOvercomeSomeDay"(),andmelodyfrompreCivilWarspiritual"NoMoreAuctionBlockforMe"overcompensationinthepsychologicalsense,translatingGerüberkompensation,fromovercompensationAtermusedbyAAldertodenoteexaggeratedstrivingforpowerinsomeonewhohasaninnersenseofinferiorityoverconfident,fromoverconfidentovercrowd,fromovercrowdoverdoOEoferdon"todotoomuch,"fromofer"over"don"todo"CommonGmc(cfOHGubartuan)Meaning"toovertax,exhaust"(espinphrasetooverdoit)isattestedfromOffood,"tocooktoolong,"firstrecorded(inppadjoverdone)overdose(n),"anexcessivedose,"(v),"toadministermedicineintoolargeadose"(trans),fromoverdoseMeaning"totakeanoverdoseofdrugs"isfirstattestedoverdraw,inbankingsense,fromoverdrawoverdrive(n)"speedincreasinggearinanautomobile,",fromoverdriveoverdue"pasttheduedate,"ofbills,oflibrarybooks,ofmenstrualperiods,fromoverdueovereat"toeattoomuch,",fromovereatoverflow(v)OEoferfleow"toflowacross,flood,inundate,"also"toflowover(abrimorbank),"fromofer"over"fleow"flow"Thenounisattestedfromovergrazedofgrassland,,fromoverppofgraze(qv)overground(adj)"situatedaboveground"(asopposedtounderground),,fromoverground(n)overgrownc,"overspreadwithfoliage,"fromoverppofgrowMeaning"havinggrowntoolarge"isattestedfromoverhand,"upsidedown,"fromoverhandSenseintennis,etc,inreftohandpositionabovethatwhichisgripped,isfirstrecordedOfcricketandbaseballthrowsorbowls,"donewiththehandraisedabovetheshoulder"itisfirstrecordedoverhang(v),fromoverhang(qv)Thenounmeaning"factofoverhanging"isattestedfromoverhaul,fromoverhaul(qv),originallynautical,"pullriggingapartforexamination,"whichwasdonebyslackeningtheropebypullingintheoppositedirectiontothatinwhichitispulledinhoistingThenounisattestedfromReplacedoverhaleinsenseof"overtake"()overhead,"aboveone'shead"(adv),fromoverheadTheadjisattestedfromAsan,shortforoverheadcosts,etc,itisattestedfromoverhear"tohearwhatoneisnotmeanttohear,",fromoverhear(qv)Thenotionisperhaps"tohearbeyondtheintendedrangeofthevoice"OEoferhieranmeant"tonotlisten,todisregard,disobey"(cfoverlook,andMHGüberhaeren,MDuoverhoreninsamesense)overheat"tomaketoohot"(trans),,fromoverheat(v)Intranssense"tobecometoohot"isfrom,originallyinreftomotorenginesoverindulgencec,fromoverindulgence(qv)FirstattestedinDonneoverjoy(v),"torejoiceover,"fromoverjoy(qv)translatingLsupergaudere(inPsalmsxxxiv,etc)Transitivesenseof"tofillwithgladness"isfirstrecorded(nowusuallyinpp)overkill(n),fromoverkill(v)OriginallyinreferencetonucleararsenalsthegeneralsenseisfromTheverbisattestedfromoverlap(v)"topartiallyextendover,",overlap(qv)Thenounisattestedfromoverlay(v)"tocoverthesurfaceof(something),"c,fromoverlay(qv)Therealsowasanoverlie(c),butithadbeenmergedintothiswordbycThenounintheprintingsenseisattestedfrommeaning"transparentsheetoveramap,chart,etc"isfromoverload(v),"toloadwithtoogreataburden,"fromoverload(qv)Thenounisattestedfromofelectricalcurrent,fromoverlook(v)c,"toexamine,scrutinize,inspect,"fromoverlook(qv)AnotherMEsensewas"topeeroverthetopof"ThesetwoliteralsenseshavegivenrisetothetwomainmodernmeaningsMeaning"tolookoverorbeyondandthusnotsee,tochoosetonotnotice"isfirstrecordedSeeminglycontradictorysenseof"towatchoverofficially,keepaneyeon,superintend"isfromOverlookingalsowasthecommontermfor"inflictingtheevileyeon"(someoneorsomething)overmuch"toogreatinamount,",overmuch(qv)OEhadcognateofermicelovernightc,fromovernight(qv)Originally"ontheprecedingevening,"gensenseof"duringthenight"isattestedfromMeaning"inthecourseofasinglenight,henceseeminglyinstantaneously"isattestedfromoverpass"stretchofroadthatpassesoveranother,",AmerEng,fromoverpass(v)overplay"toemphasize(something)toomuch,",ametaphorfromcardgames,intooverplay(one's)hand,"tospoilone'shandbybiddinginexcessofitsvalue,"fromoverplay(v)overpopulate,fromoverpopulate(qv)FirstattestedinMalthus(inoverpopulousness)overpower(v)"toovercomewithsuperiorpower,",fromoverpower(qv)overprice"toprice(something)excessivelyhigh,",fromoverprice(v)overproduction,fromoverproduction(qv)overprotection,originallyinreftochildren,fromoverprotection(qv)overrate,fromoverrate(v)overreachc,"toreachaboveorbeyond"(trans),fromoverreach(qv)Meaning"toextendoversomething,tocoverit"isfromcSenseof"toreachbeyondone'sstrength"isfromoverrideOEoferridan,fromofer"over"ridan"toride"(seeride(v))Originallyliteral,ofcavalry,etcFigmeaning"tosetasidearrogantly"isfromThemechanicalsense"tosuspendautomaticoperation"isattestedfromoverrule"ruleagainstsetaside,asbyahigherauthority,",fromoverrule(v)overseas,fromoverseaPopularizedWWIasaBritisheuphemismfor"colonial"overseeOEoferseon"tolookdownupon,keepwatchover,"fromofer"over"seon"tosee"(seesee)Meaning"tosupervise"isattestedfromcoverseer"superintendent"isfromTheverblacksthedoublesenseofsimilaroverlook(qv),butthisemergesinthenounformoversight,whichmeansboth"supervision,caremanagement"(c)and"factofpassingoverwithoutseeing"()overshadowOEofersceadwian"tocastashadowover,obscure,"fromofer"over"sceadwian"toshadow"(seeshadow)usedtorenderLobumbrareinNTFigsenseisfromovershootc,"toshoot,run,orpassbeyond(apointorlimit),"overshoot(v)Inreftowaterwheels,theadjovershot"drivenbywatershotoverfromabove"isattestedfromcoverspendc,"towearout,"fromoverspend(qv)Meaning"tospendmorethanisnecessary"isattestedfromoverstep(v)OEofersteppan,fromofer"over"steppan"tostep"(seestep)Fromthebeginning,usedinfigsensesoverstock(v),fromoverstock(v)Thenounisattestedfromoverstuffedoffurniture,"completelycoveredwithathicklayerofstuffing,",fromoverppofstuff(v)overtc,"opentoview,"fromOFrovert(Frouvert),ppofovrir"toopen,"fromLaperire"toopen,uncover,"fromPIE*apweryofrom*ap"off,away"base*wer"tocover"(seeweir)CfLoperire"tocover,"fromthesamerootwithPIEprefix*op"over"andLithatveriu"open,"uzveriu"shut"overtake"tocomeupto,tocatchinpursuit,"c(impliedinppouertoken),fromovertake(qv)overthrow(v)c,"toknockdown,"fromoverthrow(qv)Figsenseof"tocastdownfrompower,defeat"isattestedfromcovertime"timeabovetheregularhoursofwork,",fromovertimeSportingsensefirstattested,inanicehockeycontextovertone,inliteralsense,fromovertonealoantranslationofGerOberton,firstusedbyGerphysicistHermannLudwigFerdinandvonHelmholtz()asacontractionofOverpartialton"upperpartialtone"Figsenseof"subtleimplication"isfrom,firstattestedinwritingsofWilliamJamesoverturec,"anintroductoryproposal,"fromOFroverture"opening,proposal,"fromLapertura"opening,"fromaperire"toopen,uncover"(seeovert)OrchestralsensefirstrecordedinEngoverturn(v)c,ofawheel,"torotate,rollover,"fromoverturn(v)Attestedfromcingeneraltranssense"tothrowoverviolently"figmeaning"toruin,destroy"isfromcOfjudicialdecisions,"toreverse,"itisattestedfromoverview(n)"survey,summary,",AmerEng,fromoverview(n)overweening,fromprpofoverwenen"beconceited,presume,"fromOEoferwenian,fromofer"over"wenian(seeween)overweight"inexcessofproperorordinaryweight,",fromoverweight(n)overwhelmc,"toturnupsidedown,tooverthrow,"fromoverMEwhelmen"toturnupsidedown"(seewhelm)Meaning"tosubmergecompletely"iscPerhapstheconnectingnotionisaboat,etc,washedover,andoverset,byabigwaveFigsenseof"tobringtoruin"isattestedfromoverwork(v)"tocausetoworktoohard,",fromoverwork(qv)OEoferwiercanmeant"toworkallover,"ie"todecoratethewholesurfaceof"overwrite,"towriteoverotherwriting,"fromoverwrite(qv)Ofcomputers,itisattestedfromMeaning"towritetooelaboratelyorornately"isfromoverwrought"workeduptotoohighapitch,",lit"overworked,"fromoverwrought(qv)overzealous,fromoverzealous(qv)oviparous"producingeggsthatarehatchedoutsidethebodyofthefemale,",fromLoviparus,fromovum"egg"(seeegg)stemofparere"tobringforth"(seepare)ovulation,fromModLovulum(seeovule)Ovulateisanbackformationovule,fromFrovule,fromModLovulum,lit"smallegg,"dimofLovum"egg"(seeovum)ovum(plova),,fromLovum"egg,"cognatewithGkoon,ONegg,OEæg,allfromPIEbase*owyo*oyyo"egg"(seeegg)oweOEagan(ptahte)"tohave,own,"fromPGmc*aiganan"topossess"(cfOFrisaga,ONeiga,OHGeigan,Gothaigan"topossess,have"),fromPIE*aik"tobemasterof,possess"(cfSktise"heowns,"isah"owner,lord,ruler"Avestanis"riches,"isvan"welloff,rich")Senseof"tohavetorepay"beganinlateOEwiththephraseagantogeldannelit"toowntoyield,"whichwasusedtotranslateLdebere(earlierinOEthiswouldhavebeensceal"shall")bycthephrasehadbeenshortenedtosimplyagan,andown(v)tookoverthisword'soriginalsenseAnoriginalGmcpreteritepresentverb(cfcan,dare,may,etc)Newpasttenseformowedarosectoreplaceoughte,whichdevelopedintoought()OwenEwenCelticpropername,ultfromGkeugenes"wellborn"viaGaelEoghann,OIrEogan,OWelshEugein,OugeinInMedievalrecords,frequentlyLatinizedasEugeniustheformEugeneemergedinScotlandbyTheBretonformEvenledtomodernFrIvainOweniteinreftothecommunisticsystemofsocialreformerRobertOwen()isattestedfromowlOEule,fromPGmc*uwwalon(cfDuuil,OHGuwila,GerEule,ONugla),adimofroot*uwwa,whichisimitativeofanowl'shoot(cfLulula"owl"cfalsoululation)Thebirdwasemployedproverbiallyandfigurativelyinreftonocturnalhabits,ugliness,andappearanceofgravityandwisdom(oftenironic)own(adj)OEagen"one'sown,"lit"possessedby,"fromPGmc*aigana"possessed,owned"(cfOSegan,OFrisegin,ONeiginn,Dueigen,Gereigen"own"),fromppofPIE*aik"tobemasterof,possess,"sourceofOEagan"tohave"(seeowe)own(v)evolvedinearlyMEfromOEgeagnian,fromrootagan"tohave,toown"(seeown),andinpartfromown(adj)(qv)Itbecameobsoleteafterc,butwasrevivedearlyc,inpartasabackformationofowner(),whichcontinuedToownup"makefullconfession"isfromoxOEoxa(ploxan),fromPGmc*ukhson(cfONoxi,OFrisoxa,MDuosse,GerOchso,Gothauhsa),fromPIE*uksin(cfWelshych"ox,"MIross"stag,"Sktuksa,Avestanuxshan"ox,bull")OxenistheonlytruesurvivalinModEngoftheOEweakpluralOxbow"semicircularbendinariver"isfirstrecorded,AmerEng(NewEngland),inreftotheshapeofthepieceofwoodwhichformsthecollarforanoxyoke(socalledfrom)OxforduniversitytowninEngland,MEOxforde,fromOEOxnaforda(c)lit"wheretheoxenford"Asthenameforatypeofshoelacedovertheinstep,itisattestedfromOxbridge(),aconflationofOxfordandCambridge,isusedinreftothecharacteristicscommontothetwouniversitiesOxfam()isshortforOxfordCommitteeforFamineReliefoxide"compoundofoxygenwithanotherelement,",fromFroxide(),coinedbyGdeMorveauandALavoisierfromox(ygène)(ac)ideSeeoxygenOxidation()isfromFroxidation(),nounofactionfromoxider"oxidize,"fromoxideVerboxidizeisattestedfrom(impliedinoxidizable)Oxonian"pertainingtoOxfordortoOxfordUniversity,c,fromMLoxonia,LatinizedformofMEOxforde(seeoxford)oxygengaseouschemicalelement,,fromFroxygène,coinedinbyFrchemistAntoineLaurentLavoisier(),fromGkoxys"sharp,acid"(seeacrid)Frgène"somethingthatproduces"(fromGkgenes"formation,creation")Intendedtomean"acidifying(principle),"fromFrprincipeacidifiantSocalledbecauseoxygenwasconsideredessentialintheformationofacidsTheelementwasisolatedbyPriestley(),whothoughtitanalteredformofcommonairandcalleditdephlogisticatedairoxymoron,fromGkoxymoron,nounuseofneutofoxymoros(adj)"pointedlyfoolish,"fromoxys"sharp"(seeacrid)moros"stupid"RhetoricalfigurebywhichcontradictorytermsareconjoinedsoastogivepointtothestatementorexpressiontheworditselfisanillustrationofthethingNowoftenusedlooselytomean"contradictioninterms"oyer,"ahearingofcauses,"fromAngloFroyer,fromOFroir,fromLaudire"tohear"(seeaudience)Especiallyinphraseoyerandterminer(),fromAngloFr(),lit"ahearinganddetermining,"inEnglandacourtofjudgesofassize,inUSahighercriminalcourtoyezc,fromAngloFroyez"hearye!"(c,OFroiez),acryuttered(usuallythrice)tocallattention,fromLsubjunctiveaudiatis,plimperativeofaudire"tohear"(AngloFroierseeaudience)oyster,fromOFroistre(Frhuître),fromLostrea,plorfemofostreum"oyster,"fromGkostreon,fromPIE*ost"bone"(seeosseous)RelatedtoGkostrakon"hardshell"andtoosteon"bone""Whythentheworld'smineOyster,whichI,withswordwillopen"Shakespeare,"TheMerryWivesofWindsor,"IIiiOzarkmountainsofsouthcentralUnitedStates,fromFrauxArcs,shortforauxArkansas"totheArkansas(Indians),"whoonceinhabitedthatregionSeeArkansasozone,fromGerOzon,coinedinbyGerchemistChristianFriedrichSchönbein()fromGkozon,neutprpofozein"tosmell"SocalledforitspungentodorÆolian,"ofthewind,"fromLÆolus"godofthewinds,"fromGkAiolos,fromaiolos"quicklymoving"ÆolianharpfirstrecordedTheancientdistrictofAiolisinAsiaMinorwassaidtohavebeennamedforthewindgod,henceÆolianalsoreferstoonebranchoftheancientGkpeopl
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