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首页 英语词源词典复件 J

英语词源词典复件 J.doc

英语词源词典复件 J

baibainn
2018-09-05 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语词源词典复件 Jdoc》,可适用于服务领域

JtheletterisalatemodificationofRomani,originallyascribalcreationincontinentalMLtodistinguishsmalliincursivewritingfromthestrokesofotherletters,especiallyinthefinalpositionsofwordsButinEng,ywasusedforthis,andjwasintroducedctotakeuptheconsonantalsoundthathadevolvedfromisinceLLtimesThisusagefirstwasattestedinSp,whereitwasinplacebeforeEngdictionariescontinuedtolumptogetherwordsbeginninginiandjuntilcj'accuseFr,lit"Iaccuse,"phrasemadefamousbyEmileZolainapublicletterattackingtheirregularitiesoftheDreyfustrial(publishedJan,)jab,"tothrustwithapoint,"Scotvariantofjob"tostrike,pierce,thrust,"fromMEjobben"tojab,thrust,peck"(c),ofunknownorigin,perhapsechoicNounmeaning"apunchwiththefist"isfromSenseof"injectionwithahypodermicneedle"isfromjabber(v)c,jablen,javeren,jaberen,probablyechoicJabberwocky,nonsenseword(perhapsbasedonjabber)coinedbyLewisCarroll,forthepoemofthesamename,whichhepublishedin"ThroughtheLookingGlass"ThepoemisaboutafabulousbeastcalledtheJabberwockjacinthc,anancientbluegem(probablysappe,buttheconnection,ifany,isobscurejongleur"wanderingminstrel,",fromNormFrjongleur,variantofOFrjogleor,fromLjoculatorem"jester,joker"(seejuggler)jonquil,speciesofnarcissus,fromFrjonquille,fromSpjunquillo,dimofjunco"rush,reed,"fromLjuncus"rush"socalledinreferencetoitsleavesThetypeofcanarybird()issocalledforitspaleyellowcolor,whichislikethatoftheflowerJordanriverinPalestinethecrossingofitissymbolicofdeathinhighflownlanguageasareftoNumxxxiiiJosephmascpropername,biblicalsonofJacobandRachel,fromLLJoseph,Josephus,fromGkIoseph,fromHebYoseph(alsoYehoseph,cfPslxxxi)"adds,increases,"causativeofyasaph"headded"josh,AmerEng,probablyfromthefamiliarversionofthepropernameJoshua,butjustwhichJoshua,orwhy,islongforgottenPerhapsitwastakenasatypicalnameofanoldfarmerThewordwasinuseearlierthanthecareerofUShumorist"JohnBillings,"pseudonymofHenryWheelerShaw(),whodidnotbegintowriteandlectureuntilbuthispopularityaftermayhaveinfluencethatofthewordAboutthemostoriginalitythatanywritercanhopetoachievehonestlyistostealwithgoodjudgment"JoshBillings"Joshuamascpropername,biblicalsuccessorofMoses,fromHebYehoshua,lit"theLordissalvation"Joshuatree()isperhapssocalledbecauseitsshapecomparedtopicturesofJoshuabrandishingaspear(Joshviii)joss"Chinesefigureofadeity,",fromChinesePidginEng,fromJavanesedejos,fromPortdeus"god,"fromLdeusColloquially,itcametomean"luck"Jossstick"Chineseincense"firstrecordedjostle,formedfromjousten(seejoust)frequentativesuffixtleTheusualspellingccwasjustleAnearliermeaningofthewordwas"tohavesexwith"(c)jot(n),borrowingofLjota,variantspellingofGkiota"theletteri,thesmallestletterinthealphabet,hencetheleastpartofanythingTheverb"tomakeashortnoteof"isattestedfromjoule"unitofelectricalenergy,",coinedinrecognitionofBritishphysicistJamesPJoule()jouncec,ofunknownorigin,perhapsablendofjumpandbouncejournalc,"bookofchurchservices,"fromAngloFrjurnal"aday,"fromOFrjournal,originally"daily"(adj),fromLLdiurnalis"daily"(seediurnal)Senseof"dailyrecordoftransactions"firstrecordedthatof"personaldiary"is,fromasensefoundinFrenchJournalismisinEng,likewisefromFr(whereitisattestedfrom)"Journalismwillkillyou,butitkeepsyoualivewhileyou'reatit"HoraceGreelyJournalist"onewhoseworkistowriteoreditpublicjournalsornewspapers"isfromJournalese"languagetypicalofnewspaperarticlesorheadlines"isfromjourneyc,"adefinedcourseoftraveling,"fromOFrjournée"day'sworkortravel,"fromVLdiurnum"day,"nounuseofneutofLdiurnus"ofoneday"(seediurnal)AsrecentlyasJohnson()theprimarysensewasstill"thetravelofaday"TheverbisfromcJourneyman(),"onewhoworksbyday,"preservestheetymologicalsenseItsAmerEngcolloquialshorteningjour(adj)isattestedfromjoustc,fromOFrjoster"tojoust,tilt,"fromVLjuxtare"toapproach,cometogether,meet,"originally"benextto,"fromLjuxta"beside,near,"relatedtojungere"join"(seejugular)ThesportwaspopularwithAngloNormanknights"Theseearlytournamentswereveryroughaffairs,ineverysense,quiteunlikethechivalrouscontestsoflaterdaystherivalpartiesfoughtingroups,anditwasconsiderednotonlyfairbutcommendabletoholdoffuntilyousawsomeofyouradversariesgettingtiredandthentojoinintheattackonthemtheobjectwasnottobreakalanceinthemostapprovedstyle,butfranklytodisableasmanyopponentsaspossibleforthesakeofobtainingtheirhorses,arms,andransoms"LFSalzman,"EnglishLifeintheMiddleAges,"Oxford,jovial,fromFr,fromItjoviale,lit"pertainingtoJupiter,"fromLJovialis"ofJupiter,"fromJovius(usedasgenofJuppiter)"Jupiter,"RomangodoftheskyThemeaning"goodhumored,merry,"isfromastrologicalbeliefthatthosebornunderthesignoftheplanetJupiterareofsuchdispositionsInclassicalL,thecompoundJuppiterreplacedOldLJovisasthegod'snameJovian,inreftotheplanetJupiter,isfromjowl,fromMEcholle"foldoffleshhangingfromthejaw"(c),perhapsrelatedtoOEceole"throat"(cognateofOIrgop,Irgob"beak,mouth")Aslightlydifferentjowl,meaning"jaw,"evolvedfromOEceafl,fromPGmc*kaflaz(cfGerkiefer,ONkjaptr"jaw,"Flemkavel,Dukevel"gum"),andthetwowordsinfluencedoneanotherinformandsenseThechangefromchtojhasnotbeenexplainedjoyc,"feelingofpleasureanddelight,"fromOFrjoie,fromLgaudia,plofgaudium"joy,"fromgaudere"rejoice,"fromPIEbase*gau(cfGkgaio"Irejoice,"MIrguaire"noble")JoyridingisAmerEng,joystickis,aviators'slangforthecontrolleverofanairplanejubilant,fromLjubilantem(nomjubilans),prpofjubilare"tocalltosomeone,"inChristianwriters,"toshoutforjoy,"relatedtojubilum"wildshout"FirstattestedinMiltonJubilationismucholderinEng(),fromOFrjubilacion,fromLjubilationem(nomjubilatio),fromjubilarejubilee,fromOFrjubilé,fromLLjubilæus"thejubileeyear,"originallyanadj,"ofthejubilee,"altered(byassociationwithLjubilare"toshoutwithjoy")fromGkiabelaios,fromiobelos,fromHebyobhel"jubilee,"formerly"atrumpet,ram'shorn,"lit"ram"Theoriginalnotionwasofayearofemancipationofslavesandrestorationoflands,tobecelebratedeverythyear(Levitxxv)itwasproclaimedbythesoundingofaram'shornontheDayofAtonementTheCatholicChurchsenseof"aperiodforremissionofsinpenaltiesinexchangeforpilgrimages,alms,etc"wasbeguninbyBonifaceVIIIThegeneralsenseof"seasonofrejoicing"isfirstrecorded,thoughthroughearlycthewordkeptitsspecificassociationwiththanniversariesAsatypeofAfricanAmericanfolksong,itisattestedfromJudahmascpropername,biblicalsonofJacobbyLeah,alsothenameofatribeofIsrael,fromHebYehudah,fromstemofydh,lit"praised"Judaism(attestedinAngloLfrom),fromLLJudaismus(Tertullian),fromGkIoudaismos,fromIoudaios"Jew"(seeJew)TheAngloLreferenceistoaspecialtaxleviedontheJewsofEnglandJudasbiblicalbetrayerofChrist,LatinformofGkIoudas,fromHebYehudha(seeJudah)Asanameforamalicioustraitor,itisattestedfromJudaspriestasanexclamationinplaceof"JesusChrist"isfromJudastree()supposedlywasthetypefromwhichJudashangedhimselfTheJudasgoat()leadssheeptotheshacklingpenJudemascpropername,HellenizedformofJudah(qv),maintainedintheBibleforthenamesoftwodisciplesofChrist,todistinguishthemfromJudas(qv)judge(v),"toformanopinionabout,"fromAngloFrjuger,fromOFrjugier"tojudge,"fromLjudicare"tojudge,"fromjudicem(nomjudex)"tojudge,"acompoundofjus"right,law"rootofdicere"tosay"(seediction)TheOEwordwasdeman(seedoom)Meaning"totryandpronouncesentenceupon(someone)inacourt"isfromcThenounisfromInHebrewhistory,itreferstoawarleadervestedwithtemporarypower(egBookofJudges),fromLjudexbeingusedtotranslateHebshophetjudgmentc,"apronunciationofanopinion,criticism,"fromOFrjugement,fromjugier(seejudge)Meaning"trialofmoralbeingsbyGod"isfromcSenseof"discernment"isfirstrecordedJudgmental"inclinedtomakemoraljudgments"isfromjudicatoryc,fromLLjudicatorius"judicial,"fromLjudicatus,ppofjudicare"tojudge"relatedtojudicem(seejudge)judicialc,fromLjudicalis"oforbelongingtoacourtofjustice,"fromjudicium"judgment,decision,"fromjudicem(seejudge)judiciary(adj),fromLjudiciarius"oforbelongingtoacourtofjustice,"fromjudicium"judgment,"fromjudicem(seejudge)Thenounmeaning"abodyofjudges,judgescollectively"isfromjudicious,"havingsoundjudgment,"fromMFrjudicieux,fromLjudicium"judgment,"fromjudicem(seejudge)Meaning"careful,prudent"isfromJudithfempropername,fromL,fromGkIoudith,fromHebYehudith,femofYehudh"Jewish,Jewess,"fromYehudha(seeJudah)Judyisapetformofitjudo,fromJapanesejudo,fromju"softness,gentleness"(fromChinesejou"soft,gentle")do"way,art,"fromChinesetao"way""ArefinedformofjujitsuintroducedinbyDrJigoroKano,usingprinciplesofmovementandbalance,andpracticedasasportorformofphysicalexercise"OEDjug"deepvesselforcarryingliquids,",jugge,variantofjubbe,ofunknownorigin,perhapsfromjug"alowwoman,amaidservant"(midc),analterationofacommonpersonalname,JoanorJudithUseasamusicalinstrumentisattestedfromJughead"klutz"isfromjughandle"tightcurvedroadusedforturns"isfromJugsfor"woman'sbreasts"firstrecordedinAustralianslang,shortformilkjugsJugendstilGerequivalentofartnouveau,from"Jugend,"lit"youth,"nameofaGermagazinebeguninstil"style"juggernaut,"hugewagonbearinganimageofthegodKrishna,"especiallythatatthetownofPuri,drawnannuallyinprocessioninwhich(apocryphally)devoteesallowedthemselvestobecrushedunderitswheelsinsacrificeAlteredfromJaggernaut,atitleofKrishna(anincarnationofVishnu),fromHindiJagannath,lit"lordoftheworld,"fromSktjagat"world"nathas"lord,master"ThefirstEuropeandescriptionofthefestivalisbyFriarOdoric(c)Figsenseof"anythingthatdemandsblinddevotionormercilesssacrifice"isfromjugglerc,iugulere"jester,buffoon,"also"wizard,sorcerer,"fromOEgeogelere"magician,conjurer,"alsofromAngloFrjogelour,fromOFrjogleor(acc),fromLjoculatorem(nomjoculator)"joker,"fromjoculari"tojoke"Connectingnotionbetween"magician"and"juggler"isdexterityjugular,fromModLjugularis,fromLjugulum"collarbone,throat,neck,"dimofjugum"yoke,"relatedtoiungere"tojoin,"fromPIE*yeug"tojoin"(cfSktyugam"yoke,"yunjati"binds,harnesses,"yogah"union"Hittiteyugan"yoke"Gkzygon"yoke,"zeugnyanai"tojoin,unite"OCSigo,OWelshiou"yoke"Lithjungas"yoke,"jungiu"fastenedinayoke"OEgeoc"yoke"probablyalsoLiuxta"closeby")juicec,fromOFrjus,fromLjus"broth,sauce,juice,"fromPIEbase*yus(cfSktyus"broth,"OCSjucha"broth,soup,"Lithjuse"fishsoup")Meaning"liquor"isfromthatof"electricity"isfirstrecordedJuicy"lively,interesting"firstrecordedinthissensejujitsu,fromJapanesejujutsu,fromju"softness,gentleness"(fromChinesejou"soft,gentle")jutsu"art,science,"fromChineseshu,shutjujubec,fromMLjujuba(pl),fromLLzizyphum,fromzizyphus,anAsiatictreewithdatelikefruit,fromGkzizyphon,fromPerszayzafunThemeaning"softcandywithdatelikeflavor"firstrecordedjukebox,fromjookjoint(),BlackEnglishslang,fromjuke,joog"wicked,disorderly,"inGullah(thecreolizedEnglishofthecoastlandsofSC,Ga,andnorthernFla),fromWolofandBambaradzug"unsavory"julepc,asyrupydrinkinwhichmedicinewasgiven,fromOFrjulep,fromMLjulapium,fromArjulab,fromPersgulab"rosewater,"fromgul"rose"ab"water"Senseof"alcoholicdrinkflavoredwithmint"isfirstrecordedJuliafempropername,fromLJulia,fromfemofJulius(qv)Julian"oldstyle"calendar,,inreferencetoreformsbyJuliusCaesarinBCE(seeJulius)julienne"kindofclearsoup,",fromFr,lit"(soupmade)inthemannerofJulien,"thepropername,fromanotherwiseunknowncookJulietfempropername,fromItGiulietta,dimofGiulia"Julia"Juliusmascpropername,fromLJulius,nameofaRomangens,perhapsacontractionof*Jovilios"pertainingtoordescendedfromJove"Julyc,Iulius,fromAngloFrjulie,OFrJule,fromLJulius,renamedafterhisdeathanddeificationinhonorofGaiusJuliusCaesar,whowasborninthismonth,whichwasformerlyQuintilis"fifth,"thefifthmonthoftheRomanrepublicancalendar,whichbeganitsyearinMarchAccentedinfirstsyllableinEnguntilcReplacedOEliðaseæfterra"latermildness,"fromliðe"mild"jumble(v),originally"tomoveconfusedly,"perhapscoinedonmodelofstumble,tumble,etcInc,itwasyetanothereuphemismfor"havesexwith"(asensefirstattested)Thenounmeaning"aconfusedmixture"isfromjumbo(adj)"verylarge,",AmerEng,inreftoJumbo,nameoftheLondonZoo'shugeelephant,soldFebtoUScircusshowmanPTBarnumThenameisprobablyfromslangjumbo"clumsy,unwieldyfellow"(),whichitselfispossiblyfromawordfor"elephant"inaWAfricanlanguage(cfKongonzamba)jump(v),perhapsonomatopoeic(cfbump)anothertheoryderivesitfromwordsinGalloRomancedialectsofsouthwesternFrance(cfjumba"torock,tobalance,swing,"yumpa"torock"),pickedupduringEnglishoccupationinHundredYearsWarSupersedednativeleap,bound,andspringinmostsensesMeaning"toattack"isfromthatof"todothesexactwith"isfromThenounisattestedfromMeaning"jazzmusicwithastrongbeat"firstrecorded,inCountBasie's"OneO'ClockJump"TojumptoaconclusionisfromJumpy"nervous"isfromJumpsuit"onepiececoverallmodeledonthosewornbyparatroopersandskydivers"isfromJumpingropeisfromJumpinalake"goawayandstopbeingapest"attestedfromjumper,apparentlyfromcjump"shortcoat,"also"woman'sunderbodice,"ofuncertainorigin,perhapsfromFrjupe"skirt,"whichisultfromArjubbah"looseoutergarment"Meaning"sleevelessdresswornoverablouse"firstrecordedAmerEngjunco,fromSpjunco"reed,bush,"asinjuncoave"reedsparrow,"abirdoftheIndiesjunction,"actofjoining,"fromLjunctionem(nomjunctio),nounofactionfromjungere"tojoin"(seejugular)Meaning"placewherethingsmeet"firstattested,originallyinreftorailroadtracksjuncture,"placewheretwothingsarejoined,"fromLjunctura"ajoining,uniting,ajoint,"fromjunctus,ppofjungere"tojoin"(seejugular)Senseof"pointintime"firstrecorded,probablyfromastrologyJune,fromLJunius(mensis),probablyavariantofJunonius,"sacredtoJuno"(seeJuno)ReplacedOEliðeseærra"earliermildness"Junebug,nameforvariousbeetleswhichappearinJune,firstattestedinSouthernUSdialectJungian,"oforpertainingtothepsychoanalyticschoolofDrCarlGustavJung"()jungle,fromHindijangal"desert,forest,wasteland,uncultivatedground,"fromSktjangalas"arid,sparselygrownwithtrees,"ofunknownoriginSpecificsenseof"landovergrownbyvegetationinawild,tangledmass"isfirstrecordedmeaning"placenotoriouslylawlessandviolent"isfirstrecorded,fromUptonSinclair'snovel(cfasphaltjungle,blackboardjungle,)Junglegymwasatrademarkname,,byJunglegymInc,Chicago,USJunglebunny,derogatoryfor"blackperson,"attestedfromjunior,fromLjunior,compofjuvenis"young,youngman"(seeyoung)Usedafteraperson'snametomean"theyoungeroftwo"from(inAngloL)AbbreviationJrisattestedfromMeaning"oflesserstanding,morerecent"isfromThatof"meantforyoungerpeople,ofsmallersize"isfromJuniorcollegefirstattestedjuniorhighschoolisfromJuniormiss"youngteenagegirl"isfromjuniper"evergreenshrub,",fromLjuniperus(cfFrgenièvre,Spenebro,Portzimbro,Itginepro),ofuncertainorigin,perhapsrelatedtojunco"reed"AppliedtovariousNAmerspeciesfromIntheBible,itrendersHebrethem,thenameofawhitefloweredshrubunrelatedtotheEuropeanevergreenjunk()"worthlessstuff,",junke"oldcableorrope"(nautical),ofuncertainorigin,perhapsfromOFrjunc"rush,"fromLjuncus"rush,reed"Nauticaluseextendedto"oldrefusefromboatsandships"(),thento"oldordiscardedarticlesofanykind"()Theverbmeaning"tothrowawayastrash,toscrap"isfromJunkie"drugaddict"isattestedfrom,butjunkfor"narcotic"issaidtobeolderJunkfoodisfromjunkartisfromjunkmailfirstattestedjunk()"Chinesesailingship,",fromPortjunco,fromMalayjong"ship,largeboat"(c),probablyfromJavanesedjongjunker"youngGernoble,",fromGer,fromOHGjuncherro,lit"younglord,"fromjunc"young"herro"lord"Pejorativesenseof"reactionaryyoungermemberofthePrussianaristocracy"()datesfromBismarck'sdomesticpolicyjunket,"basketinwhichfisharecaughtorcarried,"fromMLjuncata"rushbasket,"perhapsfromLjuncus"rush"Shiftedmeaningto"feast,banquet,"probablyvianotionofapicnicbasket,whichledtoextendedsenseof"pleasuretrip"(),andthento"tourbygovernmentofficialatpublicexpensefornodiscernablepublicbenefit"(,AmerEng)CfItcognategiuncata"creamcheese"(originallymadeinarushbasket)JunoRomangoddessofwomenandmarriage,perhapslit"theyoungone"(perhapsasgoddessofthenewmoon),fromanItalicrootakintoLjunior"younger,"juvenis"young"(seeyoung)junta,"Spanishlegislativecouncil,"fromSpjunta"council,meeting,convention,"fromMLjuncta"joint,"fromLjuncta,femppofjungere"tojoin"(seejugular)Meaningof"politicalormilitarygroupinpower"firstrecordedasjunto(fromconfusionwithSpnounsendingino),originallywithreftotheCabinetCouncilofCharlesIModernspellinginthissenseisfrompopularizedinconnectionwithcouncilformedtoresistNapoleonJupiterc,"supremedeityoftheancientRomans,"fromLIupeter,fromPIE*dyeupeter"godfather"(originallyvocative,"thenamenaturallyoccurringmostfrequentlyininvocations"Tucker),from*deiwos"god"(seedivine(adj))peter"father"inthesenseof"maleheadofahousehold"CfGkZeupater,vocativeofZeuspater"FatherZeus"SktDyauspita"heavenlyfather"TheplanetnameisattestedfromcJupiterPluvius"Jupiterasdispenserofrain"wasusedjocularlyfromJurassic"geologicalperiodbetweentheTriassicandtheCretaceous,",fromFrJurassique,lit"oftheJuraMountains,"betweenFranceandSwitzerland,whoselimestoneswerelaiddownduringthisperiodjuridical,fromLjuridicus,fromjus"right,law"(genjurisseejurist)dicere"tosay,tospeak"(seediction)jurisdictionc"administrationofjustice"(attestedfrominAngloL),fromLjurisdictionem(nomjurisdictio)"administrationofjustice,jurisdiction,"fromjus(genjurisseejurist)"right,law"dictionem(nomdictio)"asaying"Meaning"extentorrangeofadministrativepower"isfromcjurisprudence,"knowledgeoflaw,"fromLjurisprudentia"thescienceoflaw,"fromjuris"ofright,oflaw"(genofjusseejurist)prudentia"knowledge,aforeseeing"(seeprudence)Meaning"thephilosophyoflaw"isfirstattestedjurist,"onewhopracticeslaw,"fromMFrjuriste,fromMLjurista"jurist,"fromLjus,ius(genjuris)"law,"Lius"law,"fromPIE*yewes"law,"originallyatermofreligiouscult,perhapsmeaning"sacredformula"(cfLiurare"topronouncearitualformula,"Vedicyos"health,"Avestanyaozda"makerituallypure,"Irhuisse"just")TheGmcrootrepresentedbyOEæ"custom,law,"OHGewa,GerEhe"marriage,"thoughsometimesassociatedwiththisgroup,seemsrathertobelongtoPIE*ei"togo"Meaning"alegalwriter"isfromjuror(attestedfrominAngloL),fromAngloFrjurour(OFrjureor),fromLjuratonem(nomjurator)"swearer,"agentnounfromjurare"toswear"(seejury(n))jury(n)(attestedfrominAngloL),fromAngloFrjuree(),fromMLjurata"anoath,aninquest,"femppofLjurare"toswear,"fromjus(genjuris)"law"(seejurist)GrandjuryattestedfrominAngloFr(legraundJurre)Meaning"bodyofpersonschosentoawardprizesatanexhibition"isfromjury(adj)"temporary,",injurymast,anauticaltermforatemporarymastputinplaceofonebrokenorblownawayThewordisprobablyultfromOFrajurie"help,relief,"fromLadjutare(seeaid)jussive"grammaticalmodeexpressingcommand,",fromLjussus,ppofjubere"tobid,command"just(adj),"righteousintheeyesofGod,uprightandimpartial,"fromOFrjust,fromLjustus"upright,equitable,"fromjus(genjuris)"right,"especially"legalright,law,"fromOLatinious,perhapslit"sacredformula,"awordpeculiartoLatin(notgeneralItalic)thatoriginatedinthereligiouscults,fromPIEbase*yewes(cfAvestanyaozda"makerituallypure"seejurist)ThemoremundaneLlawwordlexcoveredspecificlawsasopposedtothebodyoflawsjust(adv)"merely,barely,",fromMEsenseof"exactly,punctually"(c),fromjust(adj)JustsostoryfirstattestedinKiplingjustice,"theexerciseofauthorityinvindicationofrightbyassigningrewardorpunishment,"fromOFrjustise,fromLjustitia"righteousness,equity,"fromjustus"upright,just"(seejust(adj))TheOFrwordhadwidespreadsenses,including"uprightness,equity,vindicationofright,courtofjustice,judge"ThewordbegantobeusedinEngcasatitleforajudicialofficerMeaning"theadministrationoflaw"isfromJusticeofthepeacefirstattestedIntheMercianhymns,LjustitiaisglossedbyOErehtwisnissejustifyc,"toadministerjustice,"also"toshow(something)tobejustorright,"fromOFrjustifer,fromLjustificare"actjustlytoward,makejust,"fromjustificus"dealingjustly,righteous,"fromjustus"just"(seejust(adj))rootoffacere"todo"(seefactitious)Meaning"tomakeexact"(nowlargelyrestrictedtotypesetting)isfromjut(v)"toprotrude,"c,corruptionofobsoletejet(seejetty)juteplantfiber,,fromBengalijhuto,fromSktjutas"twistedhair,"relatedtojata"braidofhair,"ofunknownorigin,probablyfromanonIElanguageJuteOEEotas,oneoftheancientGmcinhabitantsofJutlandinDenmark,duringthecinvasionofEnglandtheysettledinKentandHampshireRelatedtoONIotarjuvenile,fromLjuvenilis"oforbelongingtoyouth,"fromjuvenis"youngperson,"originally"young"(seeyoung)Hencejuvenilia"worksofaperson'syouth"()Juveniledelinquencyfirstrecordedjuxtaposition,coinedinFrcfromLjuxta"beside,near"FrpositionLatinjuxtaisacontractionof*jugista(adv),superlofadj*jugos"closelyconnected,"fromstemofjugum"yoke,"fromjungere"tojoin"(seejugular)jäger"Gersharpshooter,",fromGer,lit"huntsman,"fromjagen"tohunt,"fromOHGjagon,relatedtoOFrisjagia,Dujagen"tohunt,"ONjaga"todrive,tomovetoandfro"(seeyacht)AppliedtoriflemenandsharpshootersintheGerandAustrianarmie
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