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首页 jizhong英语语法图表[1]

jizhong英语语法图表[1].doc

jizhong英语语法图表[1]

秋天的雨
2018-09-08 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《jizhong英语语法图表[1]doc》,可适用于服务领域

语法网络图一.名词I名词的种类:专有名词普通名词国名地名人名团体机构名称可数名词不可数名词个体名词集体名词抽象名词物质名词II名词的数:规则名词的复数形式:名词的复数形式一般在单数形式后面加s或es。现将构成方法与读音规则列表如下:规则例词一般情况在词尾加smapmaps,seaseas,girlgirls,daydays以s,x,ch,sh结尾的名词后加esclassclasses,boxboxes,watchwatches,dishdishes以f或fe结尾的词变f和fe为v再加esleafleaves,thiefthieves,knifeknives,loafloaves,wifewives加sbeliefbeliefs,chiefchiefs,proofproofs,roofroofs,gulfgulfs以辅音字母加y结尾的名词变y为i加espartyparties,familyfamilies,storystories,citycities以元音字母加y结尾的名词或专有名词以y结尾的加stoytoys,boyboys,daydays,rayrays,HenryHenrys以辅音字母加o结尾的名词一般加esheroheroes,NegroNegroes,potatopotatoes,tomatotomatoes不少外来词加spianopianos,photophotos,autoautos,kilokilos,solosolos两者皆可zerozeroszeroes,volcanovolcanoesvolcanos以元音字母加o结尾的名词加sradioradios,bamboobamboos,zoozoos以th结尾的名词加struthtruths,mouthmouths,monthmonths,pathpaths,不规则名词复数:英语里有些名词的复数形式是不规则的现归纳如下:规则例词改变名词中的元音字母或其他形式manmen,womanwomen,footfeet,goosegeese,mousemice单复数相同sheep,deer,series,means,works,fish,speciesli,yuan,jin,只有复数形式ashes,trousers,clothes,thanks,goods,glasses,compasses,contentse,pretend,manage,agree,afford,determine,promise,happen只接动名词做宾语的动词或短语mind,miss,enjoy,imagine,practise,suggest,finish,escape,excuse,appreciate,admit,prevent,keep,dislike,avoid,risk,resist,considercan’thelp,feellike,succeedin,befondof,objectto,getdownto,beengagedin,insiston,thinkof,beproudof,takepridein,setabout,beafraidof,betiredof,lookforwardto,devoteoneselfto,beworth,bebusy,payattentionto,stickto两者都可以意义基本相同begin,start,like,love,hate,prefer,continue(接不定式多指具体的动作接动名词多指一般或习惯行为)need,want,require(接动名词主动形式表示被动意义若接不定式则应用被动形式)意义相反stoptodo停止手中事去做另一件事stopdoing停止正在做的事意义不同rememberforgetregrettodo(指动作尚未发生)rememberforgetregretdoing(指动作已经发生)goontodo(接着做另外一件事)goondoing(接着做同一件事)trytodo(设法努力去做尽力)trydoing(试试去做看有何结果)meantodo(打算做企图做)meandoing(意识是意味着)can’thelptodo(不能帮忙做)can’thelpdoing(忍不住要做)III非谓语动词做宾语补足语的区别:常见动词与宾语的逻辑关系及时间概念例句不定式ask,beg,expect,get,order,tell,want,wish,encourage主谓关系。强调动作将发生或已经完成Iheardhimcallmeseveraltimeshave,notice,see,watch,hear,feel,let,make现在分词notice,see,watch,hear,find,keep,have,feel主谓关系。强调动作正在进行尚未完成Ifoundherlisteningtotheradio过去分词动宾关系。动作已经完成多强调状态WefoundthevillagegreatlychangedIV非谓语动词做定语的区别:区别举例不定式与被修饰词往往有动宾关系一般式表示将来进行式表示与谓语动作同时发生完成式表示在谓语动词之前发生IhavealotofpaperstotypeIhavealotofpaperstobetyped动名词通常指被修饰词的用途无逻辑上的任何关系Shallwegototheswimmingpool现在分词与被修饰词之间是主谓关系表示动作与谓语动作同时发生theboilingwatertheboiledwaterthedevelopingcountrythedevelopedcountrythefallingleavesthefallenleaves过去分词与被修饰词之间是被动关系表示动作发生在谓语动作之前现已经完成V非谓语动词做主语和表语的区别:区别举例不定式多表示一个特定的具体的将来的动作做主语时可以借助于it把不定式移到句子后面。做表语有时可和主语交换位置而且意义不变并且还能用what来提问主语或表语。MydreamistobecomeateacherToobeythelawisimportant(dream,business,wish,idea,plan,duty,task做主语时常用)动名词与不定式的功能区别不大然而它更接近于名词表示的动作比较抽象或者泛指习惯性的动作有时也可以用it做形式主语做表语时可以和主语互换位置。ItisnousesayingthatagainandagainTeachingismyjob分词无名词的性质不能做主语。但是有形容词的性质可以做表语多表明主语的特征性质或者状态等可被very,quite,rather等副词修饰。现在分词多含有“令人…”之意说明主语的性质特征多表示主动主语多为物。过去分词一般表示被动或主语所处的状态含有“感到…”之意主语多是人。ThesituationisencouragingThebookiswellwritten(常见分词有astonishing,moving,tiring,disappointing,puzzling,shocking,boring,amusing及其ed形式)九.定语从句I定语从句起了形容词的作用在句中修饰一个名词或代词。被修饰的词叫做先行词引导定语从句的词叫关系词他的作用一是放在先行词与定语从句中间起了连接作用二是在从句中担当一个成分并与先行词保持数的一致。关系词先行词从句成分例句备注关系代词who人主语Doyouknowthemanwhoistalkingwithyourmotherwhom,which和that在从句中做宾语时常可以省略但介词提前时后面关系代词不能省略也不可以用thatwhom人宾语MrSmithisthepersonwithwhomIamworkingTheboy(whom)sheloveddiedinthewarwhose人物定语IlikethosebookswhosetopicsareabouthistoryTheboywhosefatherworksabroadismydeskmatethat人物主语宾语AplaneisamachinethatcanflySheisthepopstar(that)Iwanttoseeverymuchwhich物主语宾语Thebook(which)Igaveyouwasworth$Thepicturewhichwasabouttheaccidentwasterribleas人物主语宾语HeissuchapersonasisrespectedbyallofusThisisthesamepenasIlostyesterdayas做宾语一般不省略关系副词when时间时间状语Iwillneverforgetthedaywhenwemetthere可用onwhichwhere地点地点状语ThisisthehousewhereIwasborn可用inwhichwhy原因原因状语Ican’timaginethereasonwhyheturneddownmyoffer可用forwhichIIthat与which,who,whom的用法区别:情况用法说明例句只用that的情况.先行词为all,everything,anything,nothing,little,much,等不定代词时。.先行词被all,any,every,each,much,little,no,some,few等修饰时.先行词有形容词最高级和序数词修饰时.先行词既指人又指物时.先行词被theonly,thevery修饰时.句中已经有who或which时为了避免重复时HetoldmeeverythingthatheknowsAllthebooksthatyouofferedhasbeengivenoutThisisthebestfilmthatIhaveeverreadWetalkedaboutthepersonsandthingsthatwerememberedHeistheonlymanthatIwanttoseeWhoisthemanthatismakingaspeech只用which,who,whom的情况.在非限制性定语从句中只能用which指代物用whowhom指人.在由“介词关系代词”引导的定语从句中只能用which指物whom指人。.先行词本身是that时关系词用which,先行词为those,one,he时多用who。Hehasason,whohasgoneabroadforfurtherstudyIlikethepersontowhomtheteacheristalkingThosewhorespectothersareusuallyrespectedbyothersIIIas与which的区别:定语从句区别例句限制性定语从句中名词前有such和thesame修饰时关系代词用as,不能用whichHeisnotsuchafoolashelooksDon’treadsuchbooksasyoucan’tunderstand非限制性定语从句中as和which都可以指代前面整个主句。如果有“正如象”的含义并可以放在主句前也可以放在后面那么用as而which引导的从句只能放主句后并无“正如”的意思。Theywonthegame,aswehadexpectedTheywonthegame,whichwehadn’texpectedAsiswellknown,heisafamousfilmstarinthesIV限制性定语从句与非限制性定语从句的区别:类别语法意义及特征例句限制性定语从句对先行词起修饰限制作用如果去掉主句意思就不完整明确这种从句与主句的关系十分密切写时不用逗号分开。TheaccidenthappenedatthetimewhenIleft非限制性定语从句 对先行词作附加的说明与主句的关系不十分密切较松散。从句和主句之间用逗号分开相当于一个插入语不能用that引导关系代词做宾语时也不能省略。Hismother,whomheloveddeeply,diedtenyearsago十.名词性从句种类作用常用关联词例句主语从句在复合句中做主语相当于名词一般置谓语之前也可用it作形式主语主语从句放主句之后that,whether,if,asif,asthough,who,whose,which,how,when,where,why,what,whatever,whoever,whereverWhetherhewillcomeornotdoesn’tmattermuchWhoevercomesherewillbewelcome表语从句在复合句中做表语相当于名词位于系动词之后Itlooksasifitisgoingtosnow宾语从句在复合句中做宾语相当于名词Heaskedmewhichteamcouldwinthegame同位语从句放在名词之后(news,problem,idea,suggestion,advice,thought,hope,fact等)表明其具体内容YouhavenoideahowworriedweareThefactthatheliedagaingreatlysurprisedus十一。状语从句种类连接词注意点时间状语when,whenever,while,as,before,after,until,till,bythetime,assoonas,hardly…when,nosooner…than,themoment,theminute,immediately,directly,instantly主句表示将来意义时从句须用一般现在时while引导的从句中动词一般是延续性的until用在肯定句中主句动词是延续性的而否定句中主句动词为短暂性的。地点状语where,wherever原因状语because,as,since,nowthatbecause语气最强since较弱表示大家都明了的原因as又次之。条件状语if,unless,once,incase,aslongas,onconditionthat从句中动词时态不可用将来时常用一般时代替目的状语sothat,inorderthat,forfearthatsothat和inorderthat后常接may,should,could,would等情态动词结果状语so…that,such…that比较状语than,as…as,notsoas…as,themore…themore方式状语asif,asthough,asasif和asthough引导的从句一般用虚拟语气。让步状语though,although,evenif,eventhough,as,nomatterwhat,whatever,nomatterwho,whoever,nomatterwhich,whichever,nomatterhow,however,nomatterwhen,wheneveras在让步状语从句中常用倒装形式although和though用正常语序可和yet连用但不可和but连用十二。倒装句种类倒装条件例句完全倒装here,there,up,down,in,out,off,away等副词开头的句子表示强调Outrushedthechildren表示地点的介词短语作状语位于句首Underthetreestoodtwotablesandfourchairs强调表语置于句首或为保持句子平衡Presentatthemeetingwere,students部分倒装never,hardly,scarcely,seldom,little,notuntil,not等表示否定意义的副词放于句首HardlydidIknowwhathadhappenedonly和修饰的状语放于句首OnlythendidherealizedtheimportanceofEnglishnotonly…butalso连接并列的句子前倒后不倒NotonlydoesheknowFrench,butalsoheisexpertatitneither…nor…连接并列的句子前后都倒装NeitherdoIknowit,nordoIcareaboutitso…that,such…that中的so或such及修饰的成分放于句首时前倒后不倒Sobusyishethathecannotgoonaholidayas引导的让步状语Childasheis,hehaslearnedalotso,neither或nor表示前句内容也适用于另外的人或事。HecanplaythepianoSocani用于表示祝愿的祈使句中Mayyoubeingoodhealth!省略if的虚拟条件WereIyou,Iwouldnotdoitinthisway十三。虚拟语气类别用法例句If引导的条件从句与现在事实相反从句动词:过去式(be用were)主句动词:shouldwouldcouldmight动词原形Ifhewerehere,hewouldhelpus与过去事实相反从句动词:had过去分词主句动词:shouldwouldcouldmighthave过去分词IfIhadbeenfree,Iwouldhavevisitedyou与将来事实相反从句动词:过去式should动词原形were不定式主句动词:shouldwouldcouldmight动词原形Ifitshouldraintomorrow,wewouldnotgocamping其它状语从句asif引导的状语从句中动词用过去式或过去完成式Theyaretalkingasiftheyhadbeenfriendsforyearsinorderthatsothat引导的状语从句中动词用cancouldmaymightwould等动词原形Turnonthelightsothatwecanseeitclearly宾语从句demand,suggest,order,insist后接的从句中动词为should动词原形Hesuggestedthatwenotchangeourmindwish后的从句中分别用过去式过去完成式和shouldwould动词原形表示与现在过去和将来情况相反IwishIcouldbeapopsinger主语从句在Itisnecessaryimportantstrangethat…,Itissuggesteddemandedorderedrequestedthat…等从句中谓语动词用should动词原形Itisstrangethatsuchapersonshouldbeourfriends其它句型中Itistimethat…句型中动词用过去式或should动词原形It’shightimethatweleftwouldrather所接的从句中动词用过去式或者过去完成式IwouldratheryoustayedathomenowIfonly句型中动词常用过去式或者过去完成式表示强烈的愿望Ifonlyourdreamhadcometrue!十四。重要句型ItwasnotuntilmidnightthathefinishedhistaskNotuntilhecamebackfromabroadwasIabletoseehimagainTheharderyouwork,thegreaterprogressyouwillmakeHewalkedaroundthehouse,guninhandMayyoubeingoodhealth!Wishyouapleasantjourneybackhome!TheprofessorwasahumorousmanwithbignoseanddeepseteyesWhatsurprisedmemostwashisimaginationandpatienceHelayonthegrass,withhiseyeslookingattheskyandhishandsunderhisheadSittingunderthetreeareMrGreenandhisfirstteacherOnthewallhangtwopicturesoffamousscientistsLookingbackuponthosepastyears,hecouldn’thelpfeelingveryproudNosooner(Hardly)hadhearrivedatthetheatrethan(when)theplaystartedYoungasheis,hehaslearnedadvancedmathematicsHowIregretthehourswastedinthewoodsandfields!TherestandsabeautifulvaseinthecorneroftheroomTenmilesnorthofthetownliesapaperfactoryTheregoesthebellNowherehastheworldeverseensuchabirdashereItisnousecryingforhelpIfonlyIhadbeenyourstudentinthemiddleschool!ItisbelievedthatsuchathingwillnothappenagainOnlywhenheexplaineddidIrealizethereasonforthis“Heworksparticularlyhard”“Sohedoes,andsodoyou”NotonlyAlicebutalsoJaneandMaryaretiredofhavingoneexaminationafteranotherSuchwasAlbertEinstein,asimplepersonofgreatachievements十五。动词搭配addto增加增进add…to把…加进…addup相加addupto总计所有这一切说明)Idon'tthinkthesefactswillanything)Fiftynewbookshavebeenthelibrary)Themusicourenjoymentofthefilm)Youmusthavemadeamistakewhenyouthebill(addupto,addedto,addto,added…up)breakawayfrom打破脱离挣脱改掉breakdown出毛病身体(精神)衰弱分解拆开breakoff暂停中断breakin强行进入插话breakinto闯入breakintopieces成为碎片breakout爆发breakup捣碎驱散瓦解学期结束拆散breakthrough突破)Thecriminalmanagedtobreakthepoliceandranintothewoods)Whenheheardthenews,hebrokeandcried)Don'tbreakwhileothersarespeaking)Whydon'tyoubreakforafewminutesandhavesomecoffee)Whendoesschoolbreak)Afterharvestwebreakthesoilwithatoolpulledbytwooxen(awayfrom,down,in,off,up,up)bringup抚养呕吐提出bringabout造成bringout拿出出版bringin引入引进挣钱bringback使回想起bringdown使下降使倒下)Theshopkeeperbroughthispricetoonlyfivedollars)TheschoolhasbroughtnewforeignteacherstoteachoralEnglish)Thesongbroughthappymemoriesofourschooldays)Doyouknowwhatbroughtthismisunderstanding)Thekindoldmanagreedtobringtheyoungorphan)Wedecidedtobringthematteratthenextmeeting)Thewindbroughtalotoftreeslastnight)Nextmonththeywillbringaneweditionofthebook(down,in,back,about,up,up,down,out)callon号召拜访(某人)callat拜访、参观(某地)callfor去叫某人,要求,需要callup使回忆起,征召入伍callin召集请某人来callout大喊高叫calloff取消不举行)Doctorsareoftencalledinthemiddleofthewar)PleasewaitformeathomeI'llcallyouatyourhouseatseventonight)ThetrainscallsseveralbigcitiesbetweenBeijingandGuangzhou)Hecalledhername,butshedidn'tanswer)Thesportsmeetwascalledonaccountoftherain(in,for,at,out,off)comeabout发生出现comedown下跌落降传下来comein进来comeinto(sightbeingexistenceusenoticeeffect)comeon来临快点comeout出版结果是comealong一道来赶快cometo达到(anendanagreementastop)苏醒合计总共是comeover走过来comeup发芽走近comeacross偶然碰到comeback回想起comefrom来自源自)IcomethebookIlentyoulastmonth)HowdiditcomethatyoubothgotlostIthoughtyouhadamap)ItsuddenlycametomewhereIhadseentheboybefore)Comenow,orelseweshallbelate)Hecamemelikeatiger)Thepriceofpetrolhascomesincethebeginningofthisyear)Thewordcameusemanyyearsago)Whentheexaminationresultcame,hehadalreadygotajob)Thebillcameoverathousanddollars)Isowedtheseedsoveramonthago,buttheyhaven'tcomeyet(for,about,back,on,at,down,into,out,to,up)cutacross抄近路cutdown砍倒削减cutoff切断割掉断绝关系cutup连根拔除切碎through剪断凿穿cutout删(省)掉戒掉cutin插嘴)Don'tcutthistreeItwillbeveryshadyinsummer)Youmustcutthenumberofcigarettesyousmoke,oritwillcauseillness)Wedecidedtocutthemoor(旷野)tothevillage)Cuttingthetreemeanscuttingthetreeintopieces)Theelectricitywascutwhentheladyrefusedtopaythebill)WewerehavingapleasantconversationwhenTomcut(down,down,across,up,off,in)dieof(diseasehungergriefoldage)死于(疾病饥饿寒冷情感原因)diefrom死于(意外事故、情形)dieaway渐渐消逝dieout绝种diedown(炉火)渐熄dieoff逐一死去fallbehind落后falloverone'sfeet跌跤falldown掉下跌倒fallback撤退后退)Babiesoftenfallwhentheyarelearningtowalk)Ourteamseemstohavefallentheothers)Assoonastheenemiesfell,thepeoplereturnedtotheirvillage)Shefellthebenchandhadherlegbroken(down,behind,back,over)goinfor从事喜爱参加gothrough通过经受goover复习检查goup(价格)上涨建造起来goafter追捕追赶goagainst违反goahead先行开始吧问吧说吧goaway离开goby时间过去godown下沉降低(日、月)西沉goon(with)继续进行gowith相配陪同gowithout没有缺少goout外出熄灭goallout全力以赴gooff爆炸进行变坏断电停止供应gobackon背约食言gobeyond超出)Manynewfactorieshavegoneinthepastfewyears)Rentshavegonegreatlyrecently)Manyyearshavegonesincewefirstmet)Let'scontinueourjourneyuntilthesungoes)Hisactionswentthewillofthepeople,)Ican'tdoit,foritgoesmyduty)Overstudentswentthisentranceexamination)Thebombwentandkilledtenpeople)Thebuyerwentthecarcarefullybeforereachingadecision)Thistiedoesn'tgomyblueshirt)Ifyouthinkyoucansolvetheproblem,go)Manystudentswentplayingbasketball(up,up,by,down,against,beyond,through,off,over,with,ahead,infor)getdown下来记下使沮丧getdownto致力于专心于geton进展进步穿上上车getoff脱下,下车getin收集插(话)getaway逃跑逃脱去休假getover忘记越过克服从疾病中恢复getalongwith进展相处getup起床getthrough打通电话完成通过getround消息传开getclosetosth接近几乎getinto(trouble)getto(know)getback取回收回getout)ShespokesofastthatIcouldn'tgetwhathesaid)Wewillfindwaystogetdifficulties)Thestoryhasgot,andeveryoneknowsaboutit)WhenIgetwiththereport,I'llgotothecinema)Afteradeliciousmealthetwomengottobusiness)Don'talwaysgetawordwhenothersarespeaking)Ittookmealongtimetogetsuchanunpleasantexperience(down,over,round,through,down,in,over)giveaway赠送泄露出卖giveout发出疲劳分发公布giveoff发出(光、热、气体)givein(tosb)屈服giveup放弃让(座位))Hisaccentatlastgavehim)Theliquidgaveastrongsmell)Theheadmastergavethenamesoftheprizewinners)Thesoldiersgavethetowntotheenemies)Whowillhelpmetogivethebooks)Don'tbelieveinthosewhogivehisfriends)Afteralongwalk,mystrengthgave(away,off,out,up,out,away,out)handin交上提交handout分发handdown流传遗传hangabout闲逛hangup挂电话holdback阻止隐瞒holdup举起使停顿holdon别挂电话等坚持holdout持续坚持伸出holddown控制镇压)I'msureheisholdingsomething)ShemanagedtoholdheremotionuntilherguestshadleftThenshecried)TellhimtoholdamomentI'llcomesoon)Ourfoodsupplywon'tholdformorethanafewdays)Thetrainwasheldasaresultofthefloods)Thesemeasureshelpedtoholdthecity'spopulation)Holdyourleftarm,please(back,back,on,out,up,down,up)keepup(courage,English,spirits)保持keepupwith跟上keepoff(grass)不接近离开keepawayfrom避开不接近离…远远的keepoutofkeepto(rules,promise)坚持遵守keepon继续坚持下来keepback阻止留下隐瞒扣下keepfrom克制阻止)Theangryladytoldthestrangerstokeepfromher)Icanhardlykeepmytearsafterhearinghiswords)Onlypridekeptherburstingintotears)Icanscarcelykeepaskinghimwhathehasdone)"Don'ttouchme,"screamedthewoman,"Keep!")Keepuntilyousucceed)Keepyourcourage,andyou'llsucceedintheend)Thethickcoatcankeepthecold)Alwaystrytokeeptheruleswhenyouplayagame)Ican'tkeepwitheverythingyou'redoing(away,back,from,from,off,on,up,out,to,up)knockaton敲knockinto撞到某人身上knockdown撞倒knockoutof把…敲出knockover撞倒knockoff停止工作休息)Theboxersoonknockedhisopponent)Theofficestuffknocksatsixeveryday)Tryknockingthewindowandseeifthereisanyoneindoors)Hewassoabsorbedinhisbookthatheknockedthecarparkedthere(down,off,on,into)leavefor离开前往leaveout删去遗漏leavebehind遗留,忘记拿走leaveto留给遗嘱赠于leaveover遗留剩下延期)"Whosenamehasbeenleft"demandedtheteacher)Whenhedied,heleftallhispropertyhisniece)Hesuddenlyrealizedthathehadlefthisumbrella)Don'tleavethismatteruntiltomorrow)Leavesomemeatfortomorrow)Thosearequestionsleftbyhistory(out,to,behind,over,over,over)lookup查找向上看lookthrough翻阅浏览lookon旁观lookon…as看作lookinto调查lookafteratfor照顾看寻找lookout(for)当心lookaboutaroundround四下查看lookdownupon瞧不起lookbackupon回忆回顾lookabupanddown仔细打量某人lookabinthefaceeyes直视某人)Ispenttwohourslookingthestudents'papers)Look!Thereisabigholeinfront)Hetookpartinthegame,andtherestofusjustlookedandcheeredforhim)Theoldmanlookeduponthedaysofhisyouth)Shewassosnobbish(势利)thatshelookeduponallhisneighbours)Thepolicepromisedtolookthecaseassoonaspossible)Helookedbutsawnobody,andhelistenedbuthearnothing(through,out,on,back,down,into,aboutaroundround)makeup编造配制打扮组成makeupfor弥补makeintooffrom制成makeout弄懂发现看出,填写开列(清单)makefor走向驶往促使)Canyoumakethislengthofclothasuit)IaskedthedriverifhewasmakingLondon)Myfathermadeacheckformetobuythecamera)WemustmakethelossnextweekHetriedhardtomakeforthedamagehehaddone)Hemadeastory,whichIfoundhardtobelieve)Someoneiscoming,butIcan'tmakewhoitis(into,for,out,upup,up,out)passaway去世passby经过passdown(on)…to传给passthrough经历passover漠视忽视)Theoldclockhasbeenpassedtomefrommygrandfather'sgrandfather)Themanpassedlastweekinpeace)Wearepassingdifficulttimes)Thesecretarypassedthedetailsinthefirstpartofhisreport(down,away,through,over)payback还钱报复payfor付钱为…受到惩罚因…得到报应payoff还清)Howmuchdidyoupaythedictionary)Youshouldpaythemoneyyouborrowedfromme)I'llpayhimforallhiscrimes(罪行)againstme)Someday,you'llpaywhatyouhavedonetoday)Hasshepaythedebtyet(for,back,back,for,off)pickup拾起获得(information)接人站起收听自然习得(languageknowledge)恢复重获(pickuphealth)pickout挑选辨认看出)Ipickedtheinformationwhilewaitinginthequeue)Myfriendhasarrangedtopickmeat:)Thepatienthaspickedhealthduringthelasttwoweeks)Shepickedthemostexpensivepairofshoes)Ican'tpickJohninthecrowd)CanIpickVOAwiththisshortwaveradio)Hefelldownsuddenly,butpickedhimselfquickly(up,up,up,out,out,up,up)pickcottonflowerleaveswords选词putup搭起张贴举起安装投宿安排住下putupwith忍受putout伸出扑灭putoff推迟putinto放进翻译putaway放好存钱putdown记下平息puton穿戴上映增加(putonweightspeed)putforward提出提前putthrough接通电话putaside放到一边putback放回)Heputhalfhiswageeveryweek)Thegovernmentsoonputtherevolt(暴乱))PutyourwatchIt'sslow)Heputhishandformetoshake)PleaseputmetoExtension(分机))Weputfornightatthevillageinn)Heisveryproud,andheoftenputairs(摆架子))Wehadatelephoneputinouroffice)Ican'tputwithyourlaziness(away,down,forward,out,through,up,on,up,up)pulldown拆掉推翻pullon匆匆穿上off脱pullin进站pullout取出,(火车)离站pulldown往下拉,拆毁pullover驶到一边pullthrough恢复健康,渡过难关,脱离险境pullup(使)停住)Thetrainslowlypulledanddisappearedinthedistance)Alltheoldhousesherehavenowbeenpulled,andnewonesaretobebuilt)ThecarpulledwhenIblewthehorn)Thedoctorthinksthemanwillpull)Thedriverpulledatthetrafficlights(out,down,over,through,up)pushover推倒刮倒pushahead(on,forward)继续前进坚持下去pushthrough排除困难办好谋事努力设法通过挤过)We'vedecidedtopushwithourplantobuildanewroad)Manytreeswerepushedinthehurricane)Theyweredeterminedtopushthenewrulesatanycost)Takecarenottopushthebaby)Theypushedthecrowdandatlastreachedus(on,over,through,over,through)runacross偶然碰到runafter追逐追捕runaway逃跑runfor竞选runinto偶然碰到(困难)遇见(人)相撞runoutof用完)Ifyoudrivesofast,you'llrunsomeonesomeday)Iranafriendofmineintheexhibition)OurwaterhasrunCanyoufillupsomemorebottles)Whydoyoualwaysrunadventure)Hedidn'twanttorunpresidentthatyear)Inthatwayyouwillonlyrundifficulties(into,acrossinto,out,after,for,into)seeoff送行seethrough看透识破seeto照料照管sendfor派人去请sendoff送行sendout发出(光亮)等sendup发射setup建立setoff出发触发引起setout动身着手(todo)陈述setabout开始着手(doing)settowork(n)开始做setback拨回使推迟)Ishallsetmywatchbyfiveminutes)Wesetreadingthetextaloudimmediatelythebellrang)Wesetatdaybreakyesterdayandwe'vebeentravellingeversincethen)Isettoadvisehimnottodrink)Whatwerethereasonshesetinhisreport)Thepresidentsetaspecialgroupofsoldierstoguardhim)Theunpopularlawsetaseriesofprotests(抗议)(back,about,offout,out,out,up,off)takeoff脱掉起飞takeon呈现雇佣takeaway拿走takein吸收领会takeup从事占用(时间空间)takedown记录取下takeback收回takefor误认为takealong随身带takeover接管takeout)ItakeallIsaidabouthisdishonesty)Hewenttotheshelfandtookabookofpoems)AtfirstItookhimadoctor)Icanseethatmostofyouhavetakeneverythingthattheteachertaught)Billhasnowtakenhisfather'sbusiness)Myjobtakesmostofmytime)Thebosstooktwentypeopleforhisnewcompany(back,down,for,in,over,up,on)takechargeof负责,takesthforgranted想当然,takeholdof抓住,takepridein以………为自豪,taketheplaceof,代替taketurnstodo轮流做,takeoffice就职thinkof想起thinkof…as把…看作thinkout想出thinkup想出thinkabout考虑thinkover仔细考虑thinkwellofsb对某人看法好turnoffon打开turnover翻身反复考虑翻(书页)翻转turnout证明为结果制造成品turnto转向求助turndown调低拒绝turnagainst变得敌视反对turnaway打发走驱逐转过脸去turnback返回转回去turnround转过身来turnup向上翻露面出现音量调大turnin上缴turnupsidedown把倒置弄得乱七八糟)Thechildturneditsmotherforcomfort)Turnandletmeseeyourface)Howevermuchheturnedtheprobleminmind,hecouldfindnosatisfactorysolution)TheEnglisheveningpartyturnedagreatsuccess)Thesightoftheaccidentwastoomuchforhertobear,andsheturned)Thefootballstadiumwasfull,andmanypeoplehadtobeturned)Thearmyturnedhimonaccountof(因为)hispoorhealth)Sheturnedthewholehouseinhersearchforhermissingpurse)WheredidyourpurseturnIfounditinthesnow)Thevillagerssuddenlyturnedtheforeignerswholivednearby)Thefactoryturnsnewcarslastyear(to,round,over,out,away,away,down,upsidedown,up,against,out

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