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首页 医学博士英语统考写作教程是

医学博士英语统考写作教程是.doc

医学博士英语统考写作教程是

wangbadan43
2018-09-05 0人阅读 0 0 0 暂无简介 举报

简介:本文档为《医学博士英语统考写作教程是doc》,可适用于医药卫生领域

表达“是”:“Tobe”这个句型(主+系动词+表语)是英语里最最基本的最最富有表达力的句型之一。“是”的意思往往隐藏在句子中不用表达出来。下面介绍三个陈述、描述、表达观点、态度及判断的句型是几乎每篇文章都可以用到的。注意下面的重复例句说明同样的意思可以用不同的“是”句型来表达。IItiswaswillbe形容词+forsbtodosth…(表达对(某人)做某事怎么怎么样的一种判断是每篇文章一定可以用到的句型。)常用的形容词有:necessaryunnecessaryimportantunimportantadvantageousdisadvantageouscommonuncommonconvenientinconvenientgoodbadeasydifficultbeneficialharmfulhelpfulhelplessreasonableunreasonablepossibleimpossiblelikelyunlikelyfortunateunfortunate例句:I.合理地搭配膳食也非常重要。ItisveryimportantforustohaveareasonableandbalanceddietI.他们错认为有营养的东西就是鸡、鸭、鱼、肉等含蛋白质较多的动物性食品。Itistotallywrongfortheparentstothinkthatonlyproteinrichanimalfood,suchasfish,meatandpoultry,isnutritiousItismistakenthatonlyanimalfoods,suchaschickenandfish,arenutritiousI.学生们在有“心头疙瘩”时寻求心理咨询的帮助对他们有很大好处。ItisbeneficialforthecollegestudentstomakeuseofmentalconsultationwhentheyhavementalproblemsWhentheyhavementalproblems,studentsshouldgotoseekhelpfrommentalconsultationI.笔者曾提出要用社会医学观和人文医学观指导卫生改革。ThewriterpointedoutthatitwasnecessaryforustoreformthecurrentmedicalcarefromtheviewpointsofsocialmedicineandhumanisticmedicineThewriterpointedoutthatitwasnecessaryforustoreformthecurrentmedicalcareMuchattentionshouldbegiventopatientsasmenI.开展全方位、多层次的健康服务和健康教育促进健康是低投入高产出的事业。Itisefficientandeconomicalforustofosterimprovepeople’shealththroughallkindsofhealthserviceandhealtheducationI.尽管冬季寒冷但是仍需进行必要的体育锻炼。Althoughitiscoldinwinter,itisnecessaryforustogoinforphysicaltrainingI.所以选择食物时应选择富含碳水化合物(carbohydrate)同时有适量的纤维素(cellulose)和少量的脂肪的食物。Therefore,itisadvisableforthemtochoosefoodswhichcontainarichamountofcarbohydrate,amoderateamountofcelluloseandasmallamountoffatTherefore,theyshouldhavefoodswhichcontainalotofcarbohydrate,somecelluloseandalittlefatI.中年人的饮食要含有丰富的蛋白质、维生素、钙、磷(phosphorus)等。Itisbeneficialimportantformiddleagedpeopletohaveadietwhichisrichinprotein,vitamins,calciumandphosphorusMiddleagedpeopleshouldhaveenoughprotein,vitamins,calciumandphosphorusintheirdietI.私人医院还难以与具备优势的公立医院形成公平、有效的竞争局面。ItisnowdifficultforprivatehospitalstocompetewithpublichospitalsonafairandeffectivebasisItisnowdifficultfortheprivatehospitalstocompetewithpublichospitalsI.艾滋病不会经电话机、餐饮具、卧具、游泳池或浴室等公共设施传播。ItisimpossibleforAIDStospreadthroughpublicfacilitiessuchastelephones,tableware,bedding,swimmingpoolsandbathroomsIIItiswaswillbe形容词+that句子(表达某事怎么怎么样也是一种非常常用的表达判断和结论的句型可以和上面的句型互换在语法上属于名词性从句要特别留意。)例句:II.合理地搭配膳食也非常重要。Itisveryimportantthatweshouldhaveareasonableandbalanceddiet要用虚拟语气II.他们错认为有营养的东西就是鸡、鸭、鱼、肉等含蛋白质较多的动物性食品。Itistotallywrongthattheparentsthinkthatonlyproteinrichanimalfood,suchasfish,meatandpoultry,isnutritiousII.学生们在有“心头疙瘩”时寻求心理咨询的帮助已经越来越普遍。ItismoreandmorecommonthatcollegestudentsmakeuseofmentalconsultationwhentheyhavementalproblemsII.用社会医学观和人文医学观指导卫生改革是很有必要的。ItisnecessarythatcurrentreformofhealthcareshouldbecarriedoutinthelightofsocialmedicineandhumanisticmedicineII.开展全方位、多层次的健康服务和健康教育促进健康是低投入高产出的事业。Itisefficientandhelpfulthatwecarryoutallkindsofhealthserviceandhealtheducationtofosterimprovepeople’shealthII.尽管冬季寒冷但是仍需进行必要的体育锻炼。ItisimportantthatpeopleshouldgoinforsportsinspiteofcoldweatherinwinterII.所以选择食物时应选择富含碳水化合物(carbohydrate)同时有适量的纤维素(cellulose)和少量的脂肪的食物。Itis,therefore,reasonablethattheyshouldhavefoodswhichcontainrichcarbohydrate,certaincelluloseandalittlefatII.不言而喻食物所含的热量要充分满足青少年脑力活动与体力活动的需要。ItisobviousthattheenergyprovidedbythefoodshouldmeettheneedsofmentalandphysicalactivitiesoftheadolescentsItisobviousthatcaloriesofthefoodshouldmeettheneedsofadolescentsII.很有可能一些被有效控制的传染病重新流行一些新的传染病不断爆发。ItwillbemostlikelythatsomeoldinfectiousdiseaseswhichhavealreadybeeneffectivelycontrolledwillspreadonceagainandsomenewoneswillbreakoutItwillbemostlikelythatsomeoldinfectiousdiseaseswillspreadagainandsomenewoneswillappearII.中国/的农村人口只占用/的全国医疗卫生费用,这是令人吃惊的。ItisastonishingthatoftheChinesepopulationintheruralareasonlyspendofthetotalnationalmedicalresourcesItissurprisingthatoftheChinesepeopleinthecountrysideonlyuseofthetotalnationalmedicalfundsIII名词词组+be+that句子(表达某事物是什么也是表达判断和总结的常用句型。)常用的名词词组有:theobvioussolutiontothisproblemtheexperts’opinionofaboutthisissuetheeffectivewayofdoingsththekeypointofsththechiefsignofsththeserioussituationthedefiniteevidenceoneofthegraveconsequencesofsththegoodreasonforthisphenomenonthefirstproblembroughtbysththecommonbeliefthepublicopinionthegreatestdifficultyinsth例句:III.解决这个问题的方法不言而明那就是为孩子提供足够的粮食类食品。TheobvioussolutiontothisproblemisthatparentsshouldprovidetheirchildrenwithenoughgrainfoodIII.笔者曾提出要用社会医学观和人文医学观指导卫生改革。(作者的观点是要用社会医学观和人文医学观指导卫生改革。)Thewriter’sopinionisthatcurrentreformofhealthcareshouldbecarriedoutinthelightofsocialmedicineandhumanisticmedicineIII.开展全方位、多层次的健康服务和健康教育促进健康是低投入高产出的事业。(促进健康的高效而经济的途径是开展各种健康服务和健康教育。)TheefficientandeconomicalwaytofosterhealthisthatwecarryoutallkindsofhealthserviceandeducationIII.寒冷的气候条件下进行体育锻炼一定要注意自我保健。(我们要注意的关键是寒冷的冬天进行体育锻炼一定要自我保健。)ThekeypointweshouldrememberisthatwehavetotakegoodcareofourhealthwhenwegoinforsportsincoldweatherIII.此期主要表现是全身淋巴结持续性肿大。ThechiefsignatthisstageisthatlymphnodesalloverthebodygrowswollencontinuouslyIII.洋医院的优势在于病人能象客人一样享受到舒适的环境、医务人员的尊重和周到的服务。Theadvantageofforeigninvestedhospitalsisthatlikeaguestapatientcanenjoycomfortableenvironment,respectfrommedicalworkersandconsideratemedicalservicesIII.现在的问题是我国的健康教育还很落后不能适应提高全民健康素质战略任务的需求。TheproblemisthatthebackwardhealtheducationinourcountrycannotfulfillthegreattaskofimprovingtheheathofallthepeopleIII.社区卫生服务的意义在于它体现了人文医学精神使卫生服务提高一个档次人民健康水平更上一层楼。Thesignificanceofcommunityhealthserviceisthatitisconcernedwithalltheneedsofpeopleandthuscanprovidebettermedicalservicetoimprovepeople’shealthIII.不可否认的事实是传染病的暴发流行不是一个国家和地区可以控制的。ThefactisthatnoonecountryorareacancontroltheoutbreakandspreadofinfectiousdiseasesIII.过度医疗引起的一个严重后果是政府不满意人民群众不满意有良知的医务工作者也不满意。Oneofthegraveconsequencesofexcessivemedicaltreatmentisthatthegovernment,peopleandmedicalworkerswithconsciencearealldissatisfied课堂作业(itis+形容词+forsbtodosth)不定式我们必须培养独立分析解决问题的能力。如果再不采取有效措施这种形势就更难处理了。这本书告诉我们知道如何调节自己适应改变了的环境对人至关重要。有人认为政府采取限制私人汽车的措施来解决交通堵塞的问题是有效的。大多数单亲父母独自照顾家庭有困难。对初学者来说用英语思维比说英语更难。要找到与你观点相同的学生并不容易。对于大多数国家来说发展外贸是当务之急。因此所有大学生在入学后头几周能想一想怎样利用好学习和休闲时间这显然最好不过。过年送礼这对中国人来说是很常见的。五六十年代工作的目的是为人民服务。在市场经济的今天工作的目的是为了赚钱。Referencekeys:不定式(itis+形容词+forsbtodosth))ItisnecessaryforustodeveloptheabilitytoanalyzeandsolveproblemsindependentlyWemustdeveloptheabilitytoanalyzeandsolveproblemsindependently)Ifeffectivemeasureisnottakenintime,itwillbemoreandmoredifficulttodealwith(copewith,handle)thissituation)Thebooktellsusthatitisessentialforustoknowhowtoadjustoneselftothechangedsurroundings)Somepeoplethinkthatitiseffectiveforthegovernmenttotakemeasurestolimitprivatecarsifitwantstosolvetheproblemoftrafficjams)Mostsingleparentsfoundthatitwasdifficultforthemtotakecareof(lookafter)theirfamilyalone(bythemselves))ItismoredifficultforanEnglishlearnertothinkinEnglishthantospeakEnglish)Itisnoteasyforyoutofindastudentwhowouldagreewithyou(whokeepsthesameviewasyours)(whosharesyouropinion)(withthesameviewasyours))Itismostimportantformostcountriestodeveloptheirforeigntrade)Therefore,itisobviouslyhelpful(advisable)forallthecollegestudentstothinkoverhowtomakeagooduseoflearningandsparetimeinthefirstweeksaftertheiradmission)ItiscommonforChinesepeopletosend(present)giftsduringtheSpringFestival)Insands,thepurposeofworkwastoservethepeople,whileinthecurrentmarketeconomytoday,toworkistomakemoney练习:用英语表达以下意念:还应保证低热量、低脂肪并适当地控制碳水化合物的摄人量。艾滋病也不会经咳嗽、喷嚏、蚊虫叮咬等途径传播。每年有数百万的人死于吸烟直接引起的疾病但吸烟者仍然难以戒烟。在岁以上的男性中前列腺(prostategland)肥大是常见的。现在拓展护士角色的做法既不恰当也不安全。重要的是护理要灵活对于病人不断变化的临床要求能够迅速作出反应。此期的重要特征是青年人的行为迅速发展。循证医学(evidencebasedmedicine)的原则是治疗要基于经过系统评价的大量的临床证据上。作者的忧虑是禁止医院“以药养医”在目前是行不通的。人在社会交往中吃亏、被误解、受委屈的事情总是不可避免的。个年轻人将至少要养活~名老人和小孩这对他们来说显然是不公平的。医生与病人的交流关键是使病人对其病情和治疗有清楚的了解。这些问题的解决最基本的前提就是政府提供足够的农村卫生资源。严重的问题是广大农民看病非常不方便。危险的是一些被有效控制的传染病重新流行一些新的传染病不断出现。建立和谐医患关系的有效而简单的办法是要关心病人真心对待他们。令人难以相信的是机器人能够对人实施心脏手术。可怕的是艾滋病的传播速度越来越快范围越来越广。幸运的是他们及时地得到了正确的营养指导改变了不良膳食结构。讨论的重点是医生如何树立“病人第一、质量第一、服务第一”的理念。Referencekeys:还应保证低热量、低脂肪并适当地控制碳水化合物的摄人量。ItisimportanttohavefoodswithlowcaloriesandlowfatandtocontrolappropriatelytheintakeofcarbohydrateItisimportanttohavefoodswithlowcaloriesandlowfatandwithappropriateamountofcarbohydrateItisimportantthattheyshouldhavefoodswithlowcaloriesandlowfatandcontrolappropriatelytheintakeofcarbohydrateTheyshouldhavefoodswithlowcaloriesandlowfat艾滋病也不会经咳嗽、喷嚏、蚊虫叮咬等途径传播。ItisimpossibleforAIDStospreadthroughsuchapproachesascoughing,sneezingandmosquitobitesItisimpossiblethatAIDSspreadsthroughsuchapproachesascoughing,sneezingandmosquitobites每年有数百万的人死于吸烟直接引起的疾病但吸烟者仍然难以戒烟。Althoughdiseasescauseddirectlybysmokingkillmillionsofpeopleeachyear,itisstilldifficultforsmokerstostopMillionsofpeoplediefromdiseasescauseddirectlybysmokingeveryyear,butitisstillextremelydifficultforsmokerstogiveupsmoking在岁以上的男性中前列腺肥大是常见的。ItiscommonforaprostateglandtobecomeenlargedinmenfiftyyearsofageandolderItiscommonthataprostateglandbecomesenlargedinmenfiftyyearsofageandolder现在拓展护士角色的做法既不恰当也不安全。ItisnolongerappropriateorsafetowidentherolesofnurseItisnolongerappropriateorsafethatwewidentherolesofnurse重要的是护理要灵活对于病人不断变化的临床要求能够迅速作出反应。Itisvitalforcaretobeflexibleandabletorespondrapidlytoapatient’schangingclinicalneedsItisvitalthatcareshouldbeflexibleandabletorespondrapidlytoapatient’schangingclinicalneeds此期的重要特征是青年人的行为迅速发展。AsignificantfeatureofthisstageisthatadolescentbehaviourundergoesarapiddevelopmentItischaracteristicforadolescentsatthisstagetoundergoarapiddevelopmentinbehaviour循证医学(evidencebasedmedicine)的原则是治疗要基于经过系统评价的大量的临床证据上。TheprincipleofevidencebasedmedicineisthatdoctorsshouldbasetheirtreatmentsonahugeamountofclinicevidencethathasbeensystematicallyviewedTheprincipleofevidencebasedmedicineisthattreatmentsshouldbebasedonahugeamountofclinicevidencethathasbeensystematicallyviewed作者的忧虑是禁止医院“以药养医”在目前是行不通的。Theauthor’sworryisthatitisinfeasibletoforbidhospitalstosupportmedicinewithunreasonableprofitsfrommedicationsTheauthor’sworryisthatitisinfeasibletoprohibithospitalsfromgettinghugeprofitsfromsellingmedicationstosupporttheirmedicalservicesThewriterworriesthatitisimpossibletoforbidhospitalstogethugeprofitsfrommedicines人在社会交往中吃亏、被误解、受委屈的事情总是不可避免的。Itisinevitableforanyonetosufferaloss,bemisunderstoodorwrongedinthesocialintercourseItisinevitablethatanyonemaysufferaloss,bemisunderstoodorwrongedinthesocialintercourseAnyoneissuretohavemanyunpleasantexperienceswhenhegetsalongwithpeople个年轻人将至少要养活~名老人和小孩这对他们来说显然是不公平的。ItisobviouslyunfairfortwoyoungpersonstoprovideforatleastsixtotwelveoldpeopleandchildrenItisobviouslyunfairthattwoyoungpersonswillprovideforatleastsixtotwelveoldpeopleandchildren医生与病人的交流关键是使病人对其病情和治疗有清楚的了解。ThekeypointofthecommunicationbetweendoctorsandpatientsisthatthepatientshaveagoodunderstandingoftheirconditionsandtreatmentsInthecommunicationbetweendoctorsandpatients,itisvitaltohavepatientsunderstandtheirconditionsandtreatmentswell这些问题的解决最基本的前提就是政府提供足够的农村卫生资源。TheessentialpreconditionforresolvingtheseproblemsisthattheGovernmentshouldprovideenoughmedicalresourcesforthecountrysideInordertoresolvetheseproblems,itisessentialfortheGovernmenttoprovideenoughmedicalresourcesforthecountryside严重的问题是广大农民看病非常不方便。Theseriousproblemisthatitisveryinconvenientformassesoffarmerstoseekmedicalattention危险的是一些被有效控制的传染病重新流行一些新的传染病不断出现。Thedangeristhatsomeoftheeffectivelycontrolledinfectiousdiseasesbegintogetspreadandsomenewonesareemergingcomingforth建立和谐医患关系的有效而简单的办法是要关心病人真心对待他们。Asimpleandeffectivewayofestablishingfriendlyrelationshipbetweendoctorsandpatientsisthatdoctorsshowconcernforpatientsandtreatthemwell令人难以相信的是机器人能够对人实施心脏手术。ItisincrediblethatarobotmachinecanperformaheartoperationonahumanItisincredibleforarobotmachinetoperformaheartoperationonahuman可怕的是艾滋病的传播速度越来越快范围越来越广。ItisterriblethatAIDSisspreadingfasterandfaster,aswellasmoreandmorewidelyItisterribleforAIDStospreadatafasterandfasterspeed,andtowiderandwiderareas幸运的是他们及时地得到了正确的营养指导改变了不良膳食结构。ItwasfortunatethattheygottimelycorrectguidanceonnutritionsothattheycouldchangetheirunhealthydietarystructureItwasfortunateforthemtogettimelycorrectguidanceonnutritionandtochangetheirunhealthydietarystructure讨论的重点是医生如何树立“病人第一、质量第一、服务第一”的理念。Thefocusofthediscussionwashowdoctorscouldhaveestablishbearthenotion“patientfirst,qualityfirst,servicefirst”intheirmind

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