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首页 英语词源词典复件 l

英语词源词典复件 l.doc

英语词源词典复件 l

baibainn
2018-09-05 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语词源词典复件 ldoc》,可适用于服务领域

latrysuffixmeaning"worshipof,"inuseinnativeformationsfromc(egbardolatry),fromGklatreia"worship,servicepaidtothegods,hiredlabor,"relatedtolatron"pay,hire,"latris"servant,worshipper"lessthesuffixmeaning"lacking"isfromOEleas,fromleas"free(from),devoid(of),false,feigned,"fromPGmc*lausaz(cfDuloos,Gerlos"less,"ONlauss"loose,free,vacant,dissolute,"MDulos,Gerlos"loose,free,"Gothlaus"empty,vain")Relatedtolooseandleaselingdimsuffix,,fromOElinganominalsuffix(notoriginallydim),fromPGmc*lingaattestedinhistoricalGmclanguagesasasimplesuffix,butprobablyrepresentingafusionofthesuffixesrepresentedbyEngle(cficicle,thimble,handle),OEol,ul,elanding,suffixindicating"personorthingofaspecifickindororigininmascnounsalso"sonof"(cffarthing,atheling,OEhoring"adulterer,fornicator")Boththesesuffixeshadoccasionaldimforce,butthiswasonlyslightlyevidentinOElinganditsequivalentsinGmclanguagesexceptON,whereitcommonlywasusedasadim,suffix,espinwordsdesignatingtheyoungofanimals(eggæslingr"gosling")Thusitispossiblethatthediense"payamorousattentionto"asaeuphemismfor"havesex,"itisattestedfromcLovechild"childbornoutofwedlock,"firstattested,fromearlierlovebrat(c)Lovesickisattestedfromlovelornfrom(seelose)Phraseforloveormoney"foranything"isattestedfromTofallinloveisattestedfromThephrasenolovelost(betweentwopeople)isambiguousandwasusedcinreftotwowholoveeachotherwell(c)aswellastwowhohavenoloveforeachother()love(v)OElufian,fromPGmc*lubojanan,fromrootoflove(n)Lovehate(adj)"ambivalent"isfrom,originallyaterminpsychologicaljargonloveapple"tomato,",correspondingtoFrpommed'amour,Gerliebesapfel,butthereasonforthetermremainsobscureOneguessisthatitisacorruptionofItpomode'MoriorSppomedeiMoro,lit"Moorishapple"lovebird,"smallspeciesofWAfricanparrot,notedfortheremarkableattentionmatingpairspaytooneanother"figsenseof"alover"isattestedfrom"Holdhands,youlovebirds"EmilSitkalovelyOEluflic"affectionate,loveable,"themodernsenseof"lovableonaccountofbeauty,attractive"isfromc,"appliedindiscriminatelytoallpleasingmaterialobjects,fromapieceofplumcaketoaGothiccathedral"Marshlow(adj)MElah(c),fromONlagr"low,"fromPGmc*lægaz(cfOFrislech,Dulaag,Gerläge"low"),lit"thatwhichislyingflat"relatedtoOElicgan(seelie(v))Meaning"humbleinrank"isfromc"undignified"isfromsenseof"dejected,dispirited"isattestedfromInreferencetosounds,itisattestedfromIngeographicalusage,itreferstothepartofacountryneartheseashore(ccfLowCountries"Holland,Belgium,Luxemburg,")Lowdown"vulgar"isfromLowbrow"personwhoisnotintellectual"isfirstattested,saidtohavebeencoinedbyhumoristWillIrwinLowlife(adj)"disreputable,vulgar"isfromasanoun,"coarse,nogoodperson"itisrecordedfromLowly"humble"isfromclow(v)OEhlowan"makeanoiselikeacow,"fromPGmc*khlo(cfMDuloeyen,OHGhluojen),fromonomatopoeicPIEbase*kla(seeclaim)lowboy"chestofdrawersonshortlegs,",fromlow(adj)Frbois"wood"(seebush)lower(v)"tocausetodescend,",fromlower(adj),fromMElahghere(c),compoflow(adj)lower(v)(alsolour),MElouren,luren"tofrown,lurk,"fromOE*luranorfromitscognates,MLGluren,MDuloeren"lieinwait"Lowestofttypeofporcelain,namedforatowninSuffolkwhereitwasmadefromlox,AmerEng,fromYiddishlaks,fromMHGlahs"salmon,"fromPGmc*lakhs,fromthecommonIErootforthefish(cfLithlaszisza,Ruslosos,Pollosos"salmon")loyaltyc,fromOFrloyalté(Frloyauté),fromOFrloial,fromLlegalis"legal,"fromlex(genlegis"law")ReplacedAngloNormleal(qv),fromthesameLsourceSensedevelopmentinEngisfeudal,vianotionof"faithfulincarryingoutlegalobligations"Loyaltyoathfirstattestedlozengec,fromOFrlosenge"windowpane,smallsquarecake,"etc,usedformanyflatquadrilateralthingsCognatesinSplosanje,Catalanllosange,ItlozangaProbablyfromapreRomanCelticlanguage,perhapsIberian*lausaorGaul*lausa"flatstone"(cfProvlausa,Splosa,Catalanllosa,Portlousa"slab,tombstone"),fromapreCelticlanguageOriginallyinEngaterminheraldrymeaning"smallcakeortablet(originallydiamondshaped)ofmedicineandsugar,etc,meanttobeheldinthemouthanddissolved"isfromLSD"lysergicaciddiethylamide,",fromGer"Lysergsäurediäthylamid"(abbreviatedLSDinaSwissjournalfrom)Lysergic()isformedfromthelysinhydrolysisfirstsyllableofergoticluau,fromHawaiianlu'au,lit"youngtarotops,"whichwereservedatoutdoorfeastslubber,"big,clumsy,stupidfellowwholivesinidleness,"fromlobre,earlierlobi"lazylout,"relatedtolob,andprobablyofScandoriginAsailors'wordsincec(cflandlubber),butearliestusewasoflazymonks(cfabbeylubber)Cfalsolubberwort,thenameofthemythicalherbthatproduceslaziness()andLubberland"imaginarylandofplentywithoutwork"()lubricate,fromLlubricatus,ppoflubricare"tomakeslipperyorsmooth,"fromlubricus"slippery"Colloquialshorteninglubeisattestedfromlucent"shining,bright,luminous,"c,fromLlucentem,prpoflucere"toshine"(seelight(n))Lucianmascpropername,fromLLucianus(cfFrLucien),aderivativeofRomanLucius,fromlux(genlucis)"light"(seelight(n))lucid,"bright,shining,"fromLlucidus"light,bright,clear,"fromlucere"toshine,"fromlux(genlucis)"light,"fromPIEbase*leuk"toshine,bebright"(seelight(n))Senseof"easytounderstand"firstrecordedLucidinterval"periodofcalmortemporarysanity"()isfromMLlucidaintervalla(pl),whichwascommoninmedievalEnglegaldocuments(cfnonestcomposmentis,sedgaudetlucidisintervallis)LuciferOELucifer"Satan,"also"morningstar,"fromLLucifer"morningstar,"lit"lightbringing,"fromlux(genlucis)ferre"carry"(seeinfer)BeliefthatitwasthepropernameofSatanbeganwithitsusedinBibletotranslateGkPhosphoros,whichtranslatesHebHelelbenShaharinIsaiahxiv"Howartthoufallenfromheaven,OLucifer,sonofthemorning!"KJVTheversewasinterpretedbyChristiansasareferenceto"Satan,"becauseofthementionofafallfromHeaven,eventhoughitisliterallyareferencetotheKingofBabylon(cfIsaiahxiv)Lucifermatch"frictionmatch"isfromLucite,proprietaryname(EIDuPontdeNemoursandCo,Wilmington,Del,US)forasolid,transparentplastic,fromLluc(i)"light"luckcfromMDuluc,shorteningofgheluc"happiness,goodfortune,"ofunknownoriginRelatedtoMHGg(e)lücke,GerGlück"fortune,goodluck"PerhapsfirstborrowedinEngasagamblingtermLuckybreakdatesfromToluckout"succeedthroughluck"isAmerEngcolloquial,firstattestedlucrativec,fromLlucrativus"gainful,profitable,"fromlucratus,ppoflucrari"togain,"fromlucrum"gain,profit"lucrec,fromLlucrum"gain,profit,"fromPIEbase*lu*leu(cfGkapolanein"toenjoy,"Gothlauns,Gerlohn"wages,reward,"andpossiblySktlotam,lotram"booty")Filthylucre(Titi:)isTyndale'srenderingofGkaischronkerdosLucretiafempropername,fromLLucretia,femofLucretius,Romanmascpropername,originallythenameofaRomangenslucubration,"literaryworkshowingsignsoftoocarefulelaboration,"fromLlucubrationem(nomlucubratio)"nocturnalstudy,nightwork,"fromlucubratus,ppoflucubrare,lit"toworkbyartificiallight,"fromstemoflucere"toshine"(seelight(n))Lucyfempropername,fromFrLucie,fromLLucia,femofLucius(seeLucian)Luddite,fromnametakenbyanorganizedbandofweaverswhodestroyedmachineryinMidlandsandnorthernEnglandforfearitwoulddeprivethemofworkSupposedlyfromNedLudd,aLeicestershireworkerwhoinhaddonethesamebeforethroughinsanity(butthestorywasfirsttoldin)Appliedtomodernrejectersofautomationandtechnologyfromatleastludicrous,"pertainingtoplayorsport,"fromLludicrus,fromludicrum"sourceofamusement,joke,"fromludere"toplay,"which,withLludus"agame,play,"maybefromEtruscan,orfromaPIEbase*leid"toplay"Senseof"ridiculous"isattestedfromluffc,fromOFrlof,anobscurenauticaldevice,orfromMDuloef"windwardsideofaship"LuftwaffeGerairforceinWorldWarII,,fromGer,lit"airweapon,"fromLuft(seeloft)lug(v)c,"tomove(something)heavilyorslowly,"fromScand(cfSwedlugga,Norwlugge"topullbythehair")seelug(n)lug(n),"handleofapitcher,"fromlugge(Scot)"earflapofacap,ear"(incScotlandthiswastheonlywordfor"ear"),probablyfromScand(cfSwedlugg"forelock,"Norwlugg"tuftofhair")Theconnectingnotionis"somethingthatcanbegrippedandpulled"AppliedctomechanicalobjectsthatcanbegrabbedorgrippedMeaning"stupidfellow"isfromthatof"lout,sponger"is,AmerEngluge,fromFrluge"smallcoastingsled,"fromSavoydial,fromMLsludia"sled"(c),perhapsfromaGaulishwordfromthesamerootasEngsled,slideLuger,fromGeorgLuger,Gerfirearmsexpertluggage,fromlug(v)"todrag"so,lit"whathastobeluggedabout"(or,inJohnson'sdefinition,"anythingofmorebulkthanvalue")Inc,theusualwordfor"baggagebelongingtopassengers"lugubrious,fromLlugubris"mournful,pertainingtomourning,"fromlugere"tomourn,"fromPIEbase*leug"tobreak,tocausepain"(cfGklygros"mournful,sad,"Sktrujati"breaks,torments,"Lettishlauzit"tobreaktheheart")lugworm,fromlug,probablyaCelticwordunrelatedtolug(n)orlug(v)(thefirstrecordeduseisinaCornwallcontext)wormlukeobsoleteexceptinlukewarm(),fromMEleuk"tepid"(c),perhapsfromMDuorOFrisleuk,orfromOEhleowe(adv)"warm"Firstrecordoflukewarminthefigsenseof"lackinginzeal"(ofpersonsortheiractions)isfromcLukemascpropername,fromLLucas(GkLoukas),contractionofLucanuslit"ofLucania,"districtinLowerItaly,homeoftheLucani,abranchoftheSabellineracelull(v)c,lullen"hushtosleep,"probablyimitativeoflulusoundusedtolullachildtosleep(cfSwedlulla"tohumalullaby,"Gerlullen"torock,"Sktlolati"movestoandfro,"MDulollen"tomutter")Thenounisattestedfromlullabyc,lulleyby,fromMElollai,lullay,fromlullen(seelull)Secondelementperhapsfrombyby"goodby"lulu"remarkablepersonorthing,"(firstattestedinabaseballarticlefromNewOrleans,US),perhapsfromearlierlooly"beautifulgirl,"ofunknownoriginlumbago(impliedinlumbaginous),fromLLlumbago"weaknessofloinsandlowerback,"fromLlumbus"loin"lumbar"pertainingtoorsituatedneartheloins,",fromModLlumbaris,fromLlumbus"loin"lumber(n)"timbersawnintoroughplanks,",AmerEng(Massachusetts),earlier"disusedbitoffurnitureheavy,uselessobjects"(),probablyfromlumber(v),perhapsinfluencedbyLombard,fromtheItalianimmigrantsfamousaspawnbrokersandmoneylendersinEngland(seeLombard)Theevolutionofsensewouldbebecausealumberhouse("pawnshop")naturallyaccumulatesoddsandendsoffurnitureLumberjackfirstattested,CanadianEnglumber(v)"tomoveclumsily,"c,lomere,probablyfromaScandsource(cfdialSwedloma"moveslowly,"ONlami"lame"),ultimatelycognatewithlame(adj)luminaryc,"sourceof(artificial)light,"fromMFrluminarie"lamp,light,"fromLLluminare"light,torch,lamp,heavenlybody,"lit"thatwhichgiveslight,"fromLlumen(genluminis)"light"Senseof"notableperson"isfirstrecordedLuminescenceisfromLuminosityinastronomysenseof"intrinsicbrightnessofaheavenlybody"(asdistinguishedfromapparentmagnitude,whichdiminisheswithdistance),isattestedfromluminous,"fulloflight,"fromLluminosus"shining,fulloflight,"fromlumen(genluminis)"light,"relatedtolucere"toshine"(seelight(n))lummox,EastAnglianslang,perhapsfromdumbox,influencedbylumberingorfromEAngliandialectalformoflummock"moveheavilyorclumsily,"ofuncertainoriginlump(n)c,lumpe,perhapsfromaScandinaviansource(cfcognateDanlumpe,c),ofunknownoriginPhraselumpin(one's)throat"feelingoftightnessbroughtonbyemotion"isfromLumps"hardknocks,abeating"iscolloquial,fromlump(v)"endure"(nowusuallyincontrasttolike),,apparentlyanextendedsensefromanoldermeaning"tolooksulky,dislike"(),ofunknownorigin,perhapsasymbolicsound(cfgrump,harumph,etc)lumpectomy,fromlump(n),coinedonmodelofmastectomylumpenproletariatfromMarx,,whousedittomean"rabble,poorestoftheworkingclass,"fromGerlump"ragamuffin"proletariat(qv)Secondarysenseof"boorish,stupidpeople"ledtolumpenbeingtakenasasuffixmeaning"unenlightened"lunacy,"conditionofbeingalunatic,"formedinEngfromlunatic(qv)Originallyinreftointermittentperiodsofinsanity,suchaswerebelievedtobetriggeredbythemoon'scycleTheOEequivalentwasmonaðseocnes"monthsickness"lunar"oforpertainingtothemoon,",fromOFrlunaire,fromLlunaris"ofthemoon,"fromluna"moon,"(withcapitalL)"moongoddess,"from*leuksna(cfOCSluna"moon,"OPrusslauxnos"stars,"MIrluan"light,moon"),fromthesamesourceaslux,lumen"light"Thelunamoth()socalledforthecrescentshapedmarkingsonitswingslunatic(adj)c,"affectedwithperiodicinsanity,dependentonthechangesofthemoon,"fromOFrlunatique"insane,"fromLlunaticus"moonstruck,"fromluna"moon"CfOEmonseoc"lunatic,"lit"moonsick"MHGlune"humor,temper,mood,whim,fancy"(GerLaune),fromLlunaCfalsoNTGkseleniazomai"beepileptic,"fromselene"moon"Thenounmeaning"lunaticperson"isfirstrecordedLunaticfringe()wasapparentlycoinedbyUSpoliticianTheodoreRooseveltLunaticsoup()wasAustralianslangfor"alcoholicdrink"lunchmodernsenseof"middayrepast"is,shortenedformofluncheonTheverbmeaning"totaketolunch"isattestedfromluncheon,nonechenche"lightmiddaymeal,"fromnone"noon"schench"drink,"fromOEscenc,fromscencan"pourout"AlteredbynorthernEngdiallunch"hunkofbreadorcheese"(),whichprobablyisfromSplonja"aslice,"lit"loin"Whenitfirstappeared,luncheonmeant"thickpiece,hunk"senseof"lightrepastbetweenmealtimes"isfrom,espinreftoanearlyafternoonmealeatenbythosewhohaveanoontimedinnerTypeofrestaurantcalledaluncheonetteisattestedfrom,AmerEngSlangphraseouttolunch"insane,stupid,clueless"firstrecorded,onnotionofbeing"notthere"lunette,fromMFr,lit"littlemoon,"dimoflune"moon,"fromLlunaOriginallyatypeofhorseshoe,laterappliedtoawiderangeofobjectsandornamentationsresemblingacrescentmoonlungOElungen(pl),fromPGmc*lungw(cfONlunge,OFrislungen,MDulonghe,Gerlunge"lung"),lit"thelightorgan,"fromPIE*lengwh"notheavy,light,easy,agile,nimble"(cfRuslëgkij,Pollekki"light"Ruslëgkoje,Pollekkie"lung,"Gkelaphros"light"inweightseealsolever)CfPortleve"lung,"fromLlevis"light"Irscaman"lungs,"fromscaman"light"Welshysgyfaint"lungs,"fromysgafn"light"Seealsolightslunge,"athrustwithasword,"originallyafencingterm,shortenedfromallonge,fromFrallonger"toextend,thrust,"fromOFralongier"tolengthen,makelong,"fromà"to"OFrlong,fromLlongus"long"(seelong(adj))Theverbisattestedfromthesenseof"tomakeasuddenforwardrush"isfromlunk"slowwittedperson,",AmerEngcolloquial,fromlunkhead(),possiblyanalteredformoflump(n)headLupercaliaRomanfestivalheldFeb,inhonorofLupercus,god(identifiedwithLyceanPan)whohadagrottoatthefootofthePalatineHill,fromLLupercalia(pl),fromLupercalis"pertainingtoLupercus,"whosenamederivesfromlupus"wolf"lupine"wolflike,",fromFrlupine"wolflike,"fromLlupinus"ofthewolf,"fromlupus"wolf"Theplantnameisattestedfrom,fromLlupinusbutthereasonforassociationwiththeanimalisunclearperhapsitwassocalledbecauseofabeliefthattheplantswereharmfultosoillupus,usedofseveraldiseasesthatcauseulcerationsoftheskin,fromMLlupus,fromLlupus"wolf,"apparentlybecauseit"devours"theaffectedpartlurch()"suddenpitchtooneside,"(inByron's"DonJuan"),fromearlierleelarch(),anauticaltermfor"suddenviolentrolltoleewardwhichashipoftentakesinahighsea,"perhapsfromFrlacher"toletgo,"fromLlaxus(seelax)lurch()"predicament,",fromMElurch(v)"tobeatinagameofskill(oftenbyagreatmanypoints),"c,probablylit"tomakeacompletevictoryinlorche,"agameakintobackgammon,fromOFrlourcheThegamenameisperhapsrelatedtoMElurken,lorken"toliehidden,lieinambush,"oritmaybeadoptedintoFrfromMHGlurz"left,"also"wrong"lure(n)c,"somethingwhichalluresorentices,"fromAngloFrlure,fromOFrloirre"deviceusedtorecallhawks,lure,"fromFrank*loþr,fromPGmc*lothran"tocall"(cfMHGluoder,MLGloder"lure,bait,"GerLuder"lure,deceit,bait,"OElaþian"tocall,invite")Originallyabunchoffeathersonalongcord,fromwhichthehawkisfedduringitstrainingUsedofmeansofalluringotheranimals(espfish)fromcTechnically,baitissomethingtheanimalcaneatlureisamoregeneraltermTheverbisfromc,ofhawks,ofpersonslurid,fromLluridus"paleyellow,ghastly,"ofuncertainorigin,perhapscognatewithGkkhloros(seeChloe)Thefigurativesenseof"sensational"isfirstattestedlurkc,lurken"tohide,liehidden,"probablyfromScand(cfdialNorwlurka"tosneakaway,"dialSwedlurka"tobeslowinone'swork"),perhapsultrelatedtoMEluren"tofrown,lurk"(seelower(v))lusciousc,variantoflicius,whichisperhapsashorteningofdeliciouslush(adj),"lax,flaccid,soft,tender,"fromOFrlasche"soft,succulent,"fromlaschier"loosen,"fromLLlaxicare"becomeshaky,"relatedtoLlaxare"loosen,"fromlaxus"loose"(seelax)Senseof"luxuriantingrowth"isfirstattestederroneouslyappliedtocolorssincelush(n),"drunkard,"fromearlier()slangmeaning"liquor"(inphraselushken"alehouse")perhapsahumoroususeoflush(adj)orfromRomanyorShelta(tinkers'jargon)Lusitania,theLatinnameofaregionroughlycorrespondingtomodernPortugalinmodernuse,allusiveorpoeticfor"Portugal"lustOElust"desire,pleasure,"fromPGmc*lustuz(cfOS,OFris,Du,Gerlust,ONlyst,Gothlustus"pleasure,desire,lust"),fromPIE*las"tobeeager,wanton,orunruly"(cfLlascivus"wanton,playful,lustful"seelascivious)InME,"anysourceofpleasureordelight,"also"anappetite,"also"alikingforaperson,"also"fertility"(ofsoil)Senseof"sinfulsexualdesire,degradinganimalpassion"(nowthemainmeaning)developedinlateOEfromtheword'suseinBibletranslationsInotherGmclanguages,thecognatesoflusttendtostillmeansimply"pleasure"Theverbisfirstattestedc,"toplease,delight"senseof"tohaveastrongsexualdesire(fororafter)"isfirstattestedinbiblicaluseLusty(c)mostlyhasescapedtheChristianizationofthewordtheoriginalusagewas"joyful,merry,"later"fullofhealthyvigor"(c)Thesenseof"fullofdesire"isattestedfromclusterc,fromMFrlustre"gloss,radiance,"commonRomanic(cfSp,Portlustre,Rumlustru,Itlustro"splendor,brilliancy"),fromLlustrare"spreadlightover,brighten,illumine,"relatedtolucere"shine,"lux"light"(seelight(n))lute,fromOFrlut,fromOProvlaut,fromArabical'ud,theArabianlute,lit"thewood"(sourceofSplaud,Portalaude,Itliuto),wherealisthedefinitearticleLutheran,fromnameofGerreligiousreformerMartinLuther()usedbyCatholicscinreferencetoallProtestants,regardlessofsectlutz"skatingjump,",altofnameofAustrianfigureskaterAloisLutz(–),whoinventeditluxuriantc,fromLluxuriantem(nomluxurians),prpofluxuriare"havetoexcess,growprofusely"(seeluxuriate)luxuriate,"toindulgeinluxury,"fromLluxuriatum,ppofluxuriare"indulge,havetoexcess,"fromluxuria"excess"(seeluxury)luxuriousc,"lascivious,lecherous,unchaste,"fromOFrluxurius(Frluxurieux),fromLluxuriosus,fromluxuria(seeluxury)Meaning"giventoluxury,voluptuous"(ofpersons)isfromOfthings,meaning"characterizedbyluxury"isattestedfromluxury,"lasciviousness,sinfulselfindulgence,"fromOFrluxurie,fromLluxuria"excess,luxury,"fromluxus"excess,extravagance,magnificence,"probablyafiguseofluxus(adj)"dislocated,"whichisrelatedtoluctari"wrestle,strain"LostitspejorativetaintcMeaning"habitofindulgenceinwhatischoiceorcostly"isfromthatof"sumptuoussurroundings"isfromthatof"somethingenjoyableorcomfortablebeyondlife'snecessities"isfromFirstusedasanadjectivelycanthropy,fromGklykanthropia,fromlykos"wolf"anthropos"man"Originallyaformofmadness(describedbyancientwriters)inwhichtheafflictedthoughthewasawolfappliedtoactualtransformationsofpersons(espwitches)intowolvessince(seewerewolf)lyceumc,LversionofGklykeion,groveorgardenwithcoveredwalksnearAthenswhereAristotletaught,fromneutofLykeios"wolfslayer,"anepithetofApollo,whosetemplewasnearby,fromlykos"wolf"Hence,Frlycée,namegiveninFrancetostaterunsecondaryschoolsInEngland,earlyc,lyceumwasthenametakenbyanumberofliterarysocietiesinUS,afterc,itwasthenameofinstitutesthatsponsoredpopularlecturesinscienceandliteratureLycraelasticpolyurethanefiber,,proprietaryname(regbyEIDuPontdeNemoursandCompany,Wilmington,Del,US)ofanelasticpolyurethanefiberlyeOElæg,leag,fromPGmc*laugo(cfMDuloghe,Duloog,OHGlouga,GerLauge"lye"),fromPIEroot*lou"towash"(seelave)Thesubstancewasusedintheolddaysinplaceofsoap,henceOHGluhhen"towash,"ONlaug"hotbath,hotspring,"Danlørdag,Swedlördag"Saturday,"lit"washingday"ChamberlyeintheMiddleAgeswasthenameforurineusedasadetergentlyingc,actionoflie(v)"torecline"Lyingin"beinginchildbed"isattestedfromclymphinphysiologysense,"colorlessfluidfoundinthebody,"fromFrlymphe,fromLlympha"water,clearwater,agoddessofwater,"variantoflumpæ"waters,"alteredbyinflofGknymphe"goddessofaspring,nymph"lynch(v),fromearlierLynchlaw(),likelynamedafterWilliamLynch()ofPittsylvania,Va,whocledavigilancecommitteetokeeporderthereduringtheRevolutionOthersourcestracethenametoCharlesLynch()aVirginiamagistratewhofinedandimprisonedToriesinhisdistrictc,buttheconnectiontohimislesslikelyOriginallyanysortofsummaryjustice,especiallybyfloggingnarrowingoffocusto"extralegalexecutionbyhanging"iscLynchmobisattestedfromThesurnameiseitherfromOEhlinc"hill"orIrLoingseach"sailor"lynx,fromLlynx(cfSp,Itlince),fromGklyngz,probablyfromPIE*leuk"light,"inreferencetoitsgleamingeyesoritsabilitytoseeinthedark(cfLithluzzis,OHGluhs,Gerluchs,OElox,Dulos,Swedlo"lynx")lyrec,fromOFrlire,fromLlyra,fromGklyra,aforeignwordofuncertainoriginlyric(n)"alyricpoem,",fromMFrlyrique"shortpoemexpressingpersonalemotion,"fromLlyricus"oforforthelyre,"fromGklyrikos"singingtothelyre,"fromlyra"lyre"Meaning"wordsofapopularsong"isfirstrecorde
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