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首页 英语词源词典复件 v

英语词源词典复件 v.doc

英语词源词典复件 v

baibainn
2018-09-05 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《英语词源词典复件 vdoc》,可适用于服务领域

villesuffixsporadicallyinvoguesincec(cfdullsville,palookaville),abstractedfromthevilleinplacenames(Louisville,Greenville,etc),fromOFrville"town,"fromLvilla(seevilla)vorouscombformmeaning"eating,"fromLvorous,fromstemofvorare"todevour"(seevoracious)VInME,uandvwereusedinterchangeably,thoughwithapreferenceforvastheinitialletter(vnder,vain,etc)anduelsewhere(full,euer,etc)ThedistinctionintoconsonantandvowelidentitieswasestablishedinEngby,underinfluenceofcontinentalprinters,butintocsomedictionariesandothercataloguescontinuedtolistuandvwordsasasingleseriesNonativeAngloSaxonwordsbegininvexceptthose(vane,vat,vixen)alteredbythesouthwesternEnglandhabitofreplacinginitialfwithv(andinitialswithz)ConfusionofvandwwasalsoacharacteristicofcCockneyaccentsInGerrocketweaponssystemsofWWII,itstoodforVergeltungswaffe"reprisalweapon"Veightasatypeofmotorengineisrecordedfrom(Vengineisattestedfrom),socalledforthearrangementTheVfor"victory"handsignwasconceivedJanbyBelgianpoliticianandresistanceleaderVictordeLaveleattention"isrecordedfromvisiblec,fromOFrvisible(c),fromLvisibilis"thatmaybeseen,"fromvisus,ppofvidere"tosee"(seevision)Visigoth,fromLLVisigothus(plVisigothi),perhaps"WestGoths"(cfOHGwestan"fromthewest"),asopposedtoOstrogothi,butaccordingtosomeauthorities,VisiVesiappearstobeaLatinizedformofatribalnamevisionc,"somethingseenintheimaginationorinthesupernatural,"fromAngloFrvisioun,OFrvision,fromLvisionem(nomvisio)"actofseeing,sight,thingseen,"fromppstemofvidere"tosee,"fromPIEbase*weid"toknow,tosee"(cfSktveda"Iknow"Avestanvaeda"Iknow"Gkoida,Doricwoida"Iknow,"idein"tosee"OIrfis"vision,"find"white,"ie"clearlyseen,"fiuss"knowledge"Welshgwyn,Gaulishvindos,Bretongwenn"white"Goth,OSwed,OEwitan"toknow"Gothweitan"tosee"Engwise,Gerwissen"toknow"Lithvysti"tosee"Bulgvidya"Isee"Polwidziec'"tosee,"weidziec'"toknow"Rusvidet'"tosee,"vest'"news,"ORussvedat'"toknow")Themeaning"senseofsight"isfirstrecordedcMeaning"statesmanlikeforesight,politicalsagacity"isattestedfromvisionary(adj)"abletoseevisions,",fromvision(qv)Meaning"impractical"isattestedfromThenounisattestedfrom,fromtheadj,originally"onewhoindulgesinimpracticalfantasies"visit(v)c,"cometo(aperson)tocomfortorbenefit,"fromOFrvisiter,fromLvisitare"togotosee,cometoinspect,"frequentativeofvisere"behold,visit"(apersonorplace),fromppstemofvidere"tosee,notice,observe"(seevision)Originallyofthedeity,laterofpastorsanddoctors(c),generalsenseof"payacall"isfromMeaning"comeupon,afflict"(inreftosickness,punishment,etc)isrecordedfromcThenounis,fromtheverbVisitorisattestedfromsportssenseisfromvisitation,"avisitbyanecclesiasticalrepresentativetoexaminetheconditionofaparish,abbey,etc,"fromLvisitationem(seevisit)Thesupernaturalsenseof"asight,appearance"isattestedfromcvisorc,"frontpartofahelmet,"fromAngloFrviser,fromOFrvisiere,fromvis"face"(seevisage)Meaning"eyeshade"isrecordedfromvista,"avieworprospect,"fromItvista"sight,view,"nounuseoffemppofvedere"see,"fromLvidere"tosee"(seevision)Vistavisionformofwidescreencinematography,visual(adj),"comingfromtheeyeorsight"(asabeamoflight),fromLLvisualis"ofsight,"fromLvisus"sight,"fromvisus,ppofvidere"tosee"(seevision)Meaning"relatingtovision"isfirstattestedThenounmeaning"photographicfilmorothervisualdisplay"isfirstrecordedVisualize()isfirstattestedin,andperhapswascoinedby,Coleridgevitalc,"oformanifestinglife,"fromLvitalis"oforbelongingtolife,"fromvita"life,"relatedtovivere"tolive,"fromPIEbase*gwei(cfOPers*jivaka"alive"Gkbios"life,"zoon"animal"Lithgyvata"(eternal)life"OEcwic,cwicu"living,alive"OIrbethu"life"cfalsobio)Thesenseof"necessaryorimportant"isfrom,viathenotionof"essentialtolife"()Vitalstatisticsisattestedfrom,withreftobirth,marriage,death,etcmeaning"awoman'sbust,waist,andhipmeasurements"isfromVitalityisfromvitals"organsofthebodyessentialtolife"firstrecorded,fromtheadj,takenasanounvitamin,originallyvitamine()coinedbyPolbiochemistCasimirFunk(),fromLvita"life"(seevital)amine,becausetheywerethoughttocontainaminoacidsTheterminaleformallywasstrippedoffwhenscientistslearnedthetruenatureofthesubstanceinwasacceptablebecauseitwasusedforneutralsubstancesofundefinedcompositionTheletteringsystemofnomenclature(VitaminA,B,C,etc)wasintroducedatthesametimevitiate(v),fromLvitiatus,ppofvitiare"tomakefaulty,injure,spoil,corrupt,"fromvitium"fault,defect,blemish,crime,vice"(seevice())viticulture(impliedinviticultural),"thecultivationofgrapes,"fromLvitis"vine"(seevise)culturevitreous,fromLvitreus"ofglass,glassy,"fromvitreum"glass,"whichperhapswassocalledforitscolor(cfvitrium"woad")vitrify,fromMFrvitrifier(c),fromLvitrium"glass"(seevitreous)ficare,fromfacere"tomake,do"(seefactitious)vitriolc,"sulphateofiron,"fromOFrvitriol(c),fromMLvitriolum"vitriol,"fromneutofvitriolus,fromLLvitreolus"ofglass,"fromLvitreus"ofglass,glassy,"fromvitrium"glass"(seevitreous)SocalledfromitsglassyappearanceincertainstatesMeaning"bitterorcausticfeelings"firstattested,inallusiontothecorrosivepropertiesofvitriolvituperationc(impliedinvituperable),butrarebeforeearlyc,fromLvituperationem(nomvituperatio)"blame,censuring,"fromvituperatus,ppofvituperare"disparage,"fromvitiperos"havingfaults,"fromvitium"fault,defect"(seevice())parare"prepare,provide,procure"(seepare)VituperatiowasstrongerthaneitherLreprehensioorModEngvituperationVitusfromSvantovit,nameofaSlavicgodworshippedwithecstaticdancesontheBalticislandofRügen,transferredbyChristianmissionariestoSaintVitusTheItformofthenameisGuidoviva,fromItviva"(long)live,mayhe(orshe)live,"thirdpersonsingularpresentsubjunctiveofvivere"tolive,"fromLvivere"tolive"Probablyreborrowed()fromSpviva,fromvivir"tolive,"fromLvivere(seevital)SometimesalsoinLformvivat()vivavoce"bywordofmouth,",fromL,lit"livingvoice,"ablofvivavoxvivacity,fromLvivacitatem(nomvivacitas)"vitalforce,liveliness,"fromvivax(genvivacis)"lively,"also"longlived,"fromvivere"tolive"(seevital)Vivaciousisfirstrecordedcvive(interj)(inviveleroi),fromFr,lit"longlive"Frequivalentofviva(qv)JocularphraseviveladifférenceinreftothedifferencebetweenmenandwomenisrecordedfromAlsoinvivelabagatelle,lit"longlivenonsense,"denotingacarefreeattitudetolifeVivianmascpropername,fromLVivianus(cfFrVivien),lit"living,alive,"(seevivid)ButKleinsaysitis"probamisreadingoftheCelticnameNinian"vivid,fromLvividus"spirited,animated,lively,"fromvivus"alive,"fromPIE*gwei(seevital)ExtensiontocolorsisfirstrecordedSenseof"strong,distinct"(asofmemories,etc)isfromthatof"veryactiveorintense"(asofimagination,interest,etc)isfromvivify,fromOFrvivifier(c),fromLLvivificare"makealive,restoretolife,"fromvivificus"enlivening,"fromLvivus"alive"(seevivid)rootoffacere"tomake"(seefactitious)Vivificateinsamesenseisrecordedfromviviparous,fromLLviviparus"bringingforthalive,"fromLvivus"alive,living"parere"bringforth,bear"(seepare)vivisection"dissectionofalivinganimal,",fromLvivus"alive"(seevivid)(dis)section(seesection)VerbvivisectisanbackformationvixenOE*fyxen(impliedinadjfyxan),femoffox(seefox,andcfMHGvühsinne,Gerfüchsin)SolitaryEnglishsurvivaloftheGermanicfemininesuffixen,in(cfOEgyden"goddess"mynecen"nun,"frommunuc"monk"wlyfen"shewolf")Thefigsense"illtemperedwoman"isattestedfromThespellingshiftfromftovbeganlates(seeV)viz,abbreviationofvidelicet"thatistosay,towit,namely"(),fromLvidelicet,contractionofviderelicet"itispermissibletosee,"fromvidere"tosee"(seevision)licet"itisallowed,"thirdpersonsingularpresentindicativeoflicere"beallowed"Thezisnotaletter,butoriginallyatwirl,representingtheusualMLshorthandsymbolfortheendinget"Inreadingaloudusuallyrenderedby'namely'"OEDvizier,fromTurkvezir"counsellor,"fromArabicwazir"viceroy,"lit"onewhobears(theburdenofoffice),"lit"porter,carrier,"fromwazara"hecarried"ButKleinsaysArabicwazirisfromAvestanvicira"arbitrator,judge,"andreplacedArabickatib,lit"writer,"inthesense"secretaryofstate"Vlach"memberofaLatinspeakingraceoftheBalkans,aWalachianorRomanian,",fromBulgvlakhorSerbianvlah,fromOCSvlakhu,aSlavicadoptationofGmc*walh(cfOEwealh)"foreigner,"especiallyappliedtoCeltsandLatins(seeWelsh)Vladimirmascpropername,fromOCSVladimiru"RulingPeace,"fromvlasti"toruleover"(fromPIE*wal"tobestrong")miru"peace"(seeMir)vocabulary,"listofwordswithexplanations,"fromMLvocabularium"alistofwords,"fromLvocabulum"word,name,noun,"fromvocare"toname,call"(seevoice)Meaning"rangeoflanguageofapersonorgroup"isfirstattestedvocal(adj)c,"spoken,oral,"fromOFrvocal,fromLvocalis"sounding,sonorous,speaking,"asanoun,"avowel,"fromvox(genvocis)"voice"(seevoice)Inreftomusic(asopposedtoinstrumental),firstrecordedmeaning"outspoken"firstattestedTheverbvocalizeisattestedfromvocation,"spiritualcalling,"fromLvocationem(nomvocatio),lit"acalling,"fromvocatus"called,"ppofvocare"tocall"(seevoice)Senseof"one'soccupationorprofession"isfirstattestedvocativec,"showingthepersonorthingspokento,"fromMFrvocatif(femvocative),fromLvocativus(casus)"(caseof)calling,"fromvocatus,ppofvocare"tocall"(seevoice)TheLisatranslationofGkkletikeptosis,fromkletikos"relatedtocalling,"fromkletos"called"vociferous,fromLvociferari"toshout,yell,"fromvox(genvocis)"voice"rootofferre"tocarry"(seeinfer)Anounform,vociferation,isrecordedfromcvodka,fromRusvodka,lit"littlewater,"fromvoda"water"(fromPIE*wedor,*wodorseewater)dimsuffixkavogue,thevogue,"leadingplaceinpopularity,greatestsuccessoracceptance,"fromMFrvogue"fashion,success,drift,swayingmotion(ofaboat)"lit"arowing,"fromOFrvoguer"torow,sway,setsail,"probablyfromOLowGer*wogon,variantofwagon"float,fluctuate,"lit"tobalanceoneself"(seeweigh)Apparentlythenotionisofbeing"bornealongonthewavesoffashion"ItvogarealsoprobablyisborrowedfromGmcPhraseinvogue"havingaprominentplaceinpopularfashion"firstrecordedThefashionmagazinebeganpublicationinvoice(n)c,"soundmadebythehumanmouth,"fromOFrvoiz,fromLvocem(nomvox)"voice,sound,utterance,cry,call,speech,sentence,language,word,"relatedtovocare"tocall,"fromPIEbase*wek"givevocalutterance,speak"(cfSktvakti"speaks,says,"vacas"word"Avestanvac"speak,say"Gkaoreipon"spoke,said,"epos"word"OPruswackis"cry"Gererwähnen"tomention")ReplacedOEstefnMeaning"abilityinasinger"isfirstattestedVerbmeaning"toexpress"(afeeling,opinion,etc)firstattestedThenouninthissense(inreftogroupsofpeople,etc,egVoiceofAmerica)isrecordedfromvoid(adj)c,"unoccupied,vacant,"fromAngloFrandOFrvoide"empty,vast,wide,hollow,waste,"fromLvocivus"unoccupied,vacant,"relatedtovacuus"empty"(seevacuum)Meaning"lackingorwanting"(something)isrecordedfromcMeaning"legallyinvalid"isattestedfromNounsenseof"emptyspace,vacuum"isfromTheverbmeaning"toclear"(someplace,ofsomething)isfirstrecordedcmeaning"todeprive(something)oflegalvalidity"isattestedfromcvoila,fromFr,imperativeofvoir"tosee"la"there"voivode"localorprovincialrulerinTransylvania,Moldavia,etc,",fromRusvoevoda,originally"leaderofthearmy,"fromOCSvoji"warriors"voda"leader"CfHungvajvoda,Serbvojvoda,Polwojewodavolant"flying,",fromMFr,fromLvolantem(nomvolans),prpofvolare"tofly,"ofunknownoriginFrvoler,lit"tofly,"incacquiredasenseof"tosteal,"viathetransmeaning"tomakefly"volatile"fineorlight,"also"evaporatingrapidly"(),fromMFrvolatile,fromLvolatilis"fleeting,transitory,flying,"fromppstemofvolare"tofly,"ofunknownoriginSenseof"readilychanging,fickle"isfirstrecordedVolatilesinMEmeant"birds,butterflies,andotherwingedcreatures"(c)volcano,fromItvulcano"burningmountain,"fromLVulcanus"Vulcan,"Romangodoffire,also"fire,flames,volcano"(seeVulcan)ThenamewasfirstappliedtoMtEtnabytheRomans,whobelieveditwastheforgeofVulcanVolcanicfirstrecorded,fromFrvolcaniqueFigsenseof"pronetoexplosiveactivity"isattestedfromvole,volemouse,lit"fieldmouse,"withfirstelementprobablyfromONvöllr"field,"fromPGmc*walthuz(cfIcelandicvöllr,Swedvall"field,"OEwealdseewold)volition,fromFrvolition(c),fromMLvolitionem(nomvolitio)"will,volition,"fromLstem(asinvolo"Iwish")ofvelle"towish,"fromPIE*wel*wol"bepleasing"(seewill(v))volley,"dischargeofanumberofgunsatonce,"fromMFrvolee"flight"(c),fromVL*volta,femnounfromLvolatum,ppofvolare"tofly"Sportingsense(originallyintennis)isfrom(v),(n),fromnotionofhittingtheballinflightVolleyballisattestedfromVolsteadinreftoProhibitionlegislationinUS,,fromUSRepAndrewJVolstead(),RepublicanofMinnesota,whointroducedthebillinthatprohibitedthemanufacture,transportation,andsaleofbeveragescontainingmorethanpercentalcoholvoltunitofelectromotiveforce,,backformationfromadjvoltaic(),designatingelectricityproducedbychemicalaction,formedinallusiontoItphysicistAlessandroVolta(),whoperfectedachemicalprocessusedinelectricalbatteriesVoltageisfirstattestedvoltefaceareversalofopinion,,fromFr,fromItvoltafaccia,lit"turnface,"fromvolta,imperofvoltare"toturn"(fromVL*volvita,fromLvolvere"toroll"seevulva)faccia(seeface)voluble,"liabletoconstantchange,"fromFrvoluble,fromLvolubilis"thatturnsaround,rolling,flowing,fluent"(ofspeech),fromvolvere"toturnaround,roll"(seevulva)Meaning"fluent,talkative"firstrecordedvolumec,"rollofparchmentcontainingwriting,largebook,"fromOFrvolume,fromLvolumen(genvoluminis)"roll(asofamanuscript),coil,wreath,"fromvolvere"toturnaround,roll"(seevulva)Meaning"bookformingpartofaset"()isfromMFrGeneralizedsenseof"bulk,mass,quantity"()developedfromthatof"bulkorsizeofabook"(),againfollowingthesenseevolutionintheFrversionofthewordVoluminous"formingalargemass"isfromvoluntaryc(impliedinvoluntarily),fromLvoluntarius"ofone'sfreewill,"fromvoluntas"will,"fromtheancientaccusativesingularprpofvelle"towish"(seewill(v))Originallyoffeelings,lateralsoofactions(c)volunteer(n)c,"onewhooffershimselfformilitaryservice,"fromMFrvoluntaire,nounuseofadjmeaning"voluntary,"fromLvoluntarius"voluntary,ofone'sfreewill"(seevoluntary)NonmilitarysenseisfirstrecordedTheverbisfirstrecorded,fromthenounTennesseehasbeentheVolunteerStatesincetheMexicanWar,whenacallfor,volunteersbroughtout,menvoluptuousc,"ofdesiresorappetites,"fromOFrvoluptueux,fromLvoluptuosus"fullofpleasure,delightful,"fromvoluptas"pleasure,delight,"fromvolup"pleasurably,"perhapsultimatelyrelatedtovelle"towish,"fromPIE*wol*wel"bepleasing"(seewill(v))Meaning"addictedtosensualpleasure"isrecordedfromcSenseof"suggestiveofsensualpleasure"isattestedfrom(Byron)especiallyinreftofemininebeautyfromVoluptuary"oneaddictedtosensuouspleasures"isattestedfromvolute,"spiralornamentonanIoniccapital,"fromFrvolute,fromItvoluta,fromLvoluta"aspiralscroll,"originallyfemppofvolvere"toturnaround,roll"(seevulva)ExtendedtoanyspiralthingorpartAsatypeofspiralseashell,itisattestedfromvomit(n)c,"actofexpellingcontentsofthestomachthroughthemouth,"fromLvomitare"tovomitoften,"frequentativeofvomere"spewforth,discharge,"fromPIEbase*wem"tospit,vomit"(cfGkemein"tovomit,"emetikos"provokingsickness"Sktvamati"hevomits"Avestanvam"tospit"Lithvemiu"tovomit,"ONvæma"seasickness")Inreftothemattersoejected,itisattestedfromcTheverbisrecordedfromvomitorium,"passageoropeninginanancientamphitheater,leadingtoorfromtheseats,"fromL(Macrobius,Sat,VIiv)seevomitErroneousmeaning"placewhereancientRomans(allegedly)deliberatelyvomitedduringfeasts"isattestedfromvoodooreligiouswitchcraftofHaitiandSouthernUS,ultofAfricanorigin,,fromLouisianaFrvoudou,fromaWAfricanlanguage(egEweandFonvodu"spirit,demon,deity,"alsoVandoo,supposedlythenameofanAfricandeity,fromalanguageofDahomey)Cfvodun"fetishconnectedwithsnakeworshipinDahomey,"saidtobefromvo"tobeafraid,"orvo"harmful"Theverbisattestedfromvoracious,formedasanadjformofvoracity(),fromMFrvoracité,fromLvoracitatem(nomvoracitas)"greediness,ravenousness,"fromvorax(genvoracis)"greedy,"fromvorare"todevour,"fromPIEbase*gwer"toswallow,devour"(cfSktgirati"heswallows,"garah"drink"Gkbora"food"Lithgeriu"todrink"OCSziro"toswallow,"grulo"gullet")vortex,"whirlpool,eddyingmass,"fromLvortex,variantofvertex"aneddyofwater,wind,orflamewhirlpoolwhirlwind,"fromstemofvertere"toturn"(seeversus)PluralformisvorticesBecameprominentinctheoriesofastrophysics(byDescartes,etc)Inreftohumanaffairs,itisattestedfromVorticismasamovementinBritishartsandliteratureisattestedfrom,coinedbyEzraPoundvotary(n),"oneconsecratedbyavow,"fromLvotum(seevow)Originally"amonkornun,"generalsenseof"ardentdevoteeofsomeaimorpursuit"isfrom(inShakespeare,originallyinreftolove)vote(n)c,fromLvotum"avow,wish,promise,dedication,"nounuseofneutofvotus,ppofvovere"topromise,dedicate"(seevow)Theverbinthemodernsenseisattestedfromearlieritmeant"tovow"todosomething()votive,"dedicatedorgiveninfulfillmentofavow,"fromMFrvotif,fromLvotivus"oforpertainingtoavow,conformingtoone'swishes,"fromvotum(seevow)vouchc,"summonintocourttoproveatitle,"fromAngloFrvoucher,OFrvocher"tocall,summon,invoke,claim,"probablyfromGalloRomance*voticare,metathesisofLvocitare"tocallto,summoninsistently,"frequentativeofLvocare"tocall,callupon,summon"(seevoice)Meaning"guaranteetobetrueoraccurate"isfirstattestedvoucheroriginally"summoningofapersonintocourttowarrantthetitletoaproperty"seevouchMeaning"receiptfromabusinesstransaction"isfirstattestedsenseof"documentwhichcanbeexchangedforgoodsorservices"isattestedfromvouchsafec,vouchensafe"tovouchassafe"(seevouchandsafe)vow(n),fromAngloFrandOFrvou,fromLvotum"avow,wish,promise,dedication,"nounuseofneutofvotus,ppofvovere"topromisesolemnly,pledge,dedicate,vow,"fromPIEbase*ewegwh"tospeaksolemnly,vow"(cfSktvaghat"onewhooffersasacrifice"Gkeukhe"vow,wish,"eukhomai"Ipray")Theverbisattestedfromc,fromOFrvouervowelc,fromOFrvouel,fromLvocalis,inlitteravocalis,lit"vocalletter,"fromvox(genvocis)"voice"(seevoice)VowelshiftinreftothepronunciationchangebetweenMEandModEngisattestedfromTheHawaiianwordhooiaioia,meaning"certified,"hasthemostconsecutivevowelsofanywordincurrenthumanspeechtheEnglishrecordholderisqueueingvox,fromL,lit"voice"(seevoice)Especiallyinvoxpopuli()"thevoiceofthepeople"(thefullmaximisVoxpopulivoxDei"thevoiceofthepeopleisthevoiceofGod")voyage(n),fromOFrveiage"travel,journey,"fromLLviaticum"ajourney"(inclassicalL"provisionsforajourney"),nounuseofneutofviaticus"oforforajourney,"fromvia"road,journey,travel"Theverbisfirstattestedvoyeurascopophiliac,,fromFrvoyeur(),lit"onewhoviewsorinspects,"fromvoir"toview,"fromLvidere"tosee"(seevision)Voyeurismfirstrecordedvroom,echoicofthesoundofamotorenginerevvingVulcangodoffireandmetalworkinRomanmythology,,fromLVulcanus,awordofEtruscanoriginOftenwithallusionstohislamenessandtheunfaithfulnessofhiswife,VenusAsthenameofahypotheticalplanetbetweenMercuryandtheSun,itisattestedfromTheRomanfeastofVulcanaliawasonAugvulcanize,"toputintoflames,"fromVulcan(qv),nameoftheRomangodoffire,izeAsatreatmentforrubber,firstrecordedvulgar,"common,ordinary,"fromLvulgaris"oforpertainingtothecommonpeople,common,vulgar,"fromvulgus"thecommonpeople,multitude,crowd,throng,"fromPIEbase*wel"tocrowd,throng"(cfSktvargah"division,group,"Gkeilein"topress,throng,"MBretgwal'ch"abundance,"Welshgwala"sufficiency,enough")Meaning"coarse,low,illbred"isfirstrecorded,probablyfromearlieruse(withreferencetopeople)withmeaning"belongingtotheordinaryclass"()Vulgarian"richpersonofvulgarmanners"isrecordedfromvulgarity,"thecommonpeople,"fromLLvulgaritas"themultitude,"fromvulgaris(seevulgar)Meaning"coarseness,crudeness"isrecordedfromVulgate,LatintranslationoftheBible,especiallythatcompletedinbyStJerome(c),fromMLVulgata,fromLLvulgata"common,general,ordinary,popular"(invulgataeditio"popularedition"),fromLvulgata,femppofvulgare"makecommonorpublic,"fromvulgus"thecommonpeople"(seevulgar)SocalledbecausethetranslationsmadethebookaccessibletothecommonpeopleofancientRomevulnerable,fromLLvulnerabilis"wounding,"fromLvulnerare"towound,"fromvulnus(genvulneris)"wound,"perhapsrelatedtovellere"pluck,totear"vulpine"pertainingtoafox,foxlike,",fromLvulpinus"oforpertainingtoafox,"fromvulpes,earliervolpes(genvulpis,volpis)"fox,"ofunknownoriginvulturec,fromAngloFrvultur,OFrvoultour,fromLvultur,earliervoltur,perhapsrelatedtovellere"topluck,totear"Figsenseisrecordedfromvulva,fromLvulva,earliervolva"womb,femalesexualorgan,"lit"wrapper,"fromvolvere"toturn,twist,roll,revolve,"also"turnoverinthemind,"fromPIEbase*wel"toturn,revolve"(cfSktvalate"turnsround,"ulvam"womb,vulva"Lithvaltis"twine,net,"apvalus"round"OCSvaliti"roll,welter,"vluna"wave"Gkeluo"wind,wrap,"helix"spiralobject,"eilein"toturn,squeeze"Gothwalwjan"toroll"OEwealwian"roll,"weoloc"whelk,spiralshelledmollusk"OHGwalzan"toroll,waltz"OIrfulumain"rolling"Welsholwyn"wheel")VW,shortforVolkswagen,whichisGerfor"people'scar"(seefolkseewagon
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