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首页 医学博士英语统考写作教程数量关系

医学博士英语统考写作教程数量关系.doc

医学博士英语统考写作教程数量关系

wangbadan43
2018-09-05 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《医学博士英语统考写作教程数量关系doc》,可适用于医药卫生领域

、基本句型表达数量关系:从广义上来讲数量关系其实也是比较关系也与后面的“增加”、“减少”的句型密切相关。单独列为一个意念功能是希望考生注意数量的正确表达。这种句型在图表作文中运用得很多在摘要写作中主要用来提供一些重要证据。基本句型:beincreasedecreasedosthXtimesXas形容词或副词assth动词及词组:amounttoadduptocometoaccountfor(数量总计)increaserisedecreasefalldropfrom…to…increaserisedecreasefalldropbetween…and…(数量增减)increaserisedecreasefalldrop(by)XtimesX(数量增减)名词及词组:anincreaseadropinsththeproportionratioofsthtosth例句:年的门诊量比上一年增加了%达到多人。Comparedwiththoseoflastyear,theannualoutpatientsofincreasedrosewentupgrowby,amountingto,Comparedwiththoseoflastyear,therewasaincreasein’soutpatients,comingto,Theannualoutpatientsofincreasedrosewentupgrowbyofthoseoflastyear,addingupto,人均寿命在经济更发达的国家更长一些。日本上报的人均寿命最长达岁其次是加拿大岁。TheaveragelifeexpectancywaslongeramonginthemoredevelopedcountriesThelongestonewasreportedbyJapan,ItwasfollowedbyCanada’s,TheaveragelifeexpectancywaslongeramonginthemoredevelopedcountriesJapanreportedthelongestlifeexpectancy,ThiswasfollowedbyCanada,该市年的人平均医疗支出是改革开放开始的年的多倍。TheaveragemedicalexpensesofpeopleinthatcityinareovertimesasgreathighasinwhenthereformandopenpolicybeganTheaveragemedicalexpensesofpeopleinthatcityinareovertimesgreaterhigherthan(those)inwhenthereformandopenpolicybeganTheaveragemedicalexpensesofpeopleinthatcityinhaveincreasedovertimes,comparedwith(thosein)whenthereformandopenpolicybegan每周饮酒次数为次以上的妇女患乳腺癌的危险可增加%至%。AwomanwhohasormorealcoholicdrinkseachweekmayincreaseherdangerofbreastcancerbetweenandThedangerofbreastcancerforawomanwhohasormorealcoholicdrinkseachweekmaybeincreasedbetweenandThedangerofbreastcancerforawomanwhohasormorealcoholicdrinkseachweekmaybebetweenandgreaterthan(thatfor)onewhodoesnot三级医院治疗的病人平均为一级医院的%(两倍一半)。Onaverage,aGradeThreehospitaltreatsdealswith%twicehalfasmanypatientsasaGradeOnehospitalOnaverage,patientstreateddealtwithbyaGradeThreehospitalare%twicehalfasmanyasthosebyaGradeOnehospital根据《中国日报》报道年中国人的寿命比年增加了年男子达到了平均岁女性平均岁。婴儿死亡率也以每年%的速度下降。AccordingtoChinaDaily,lifeexpectancyofChinesepeopleroseincreased(by)yearsfromto,withanaverageofformenandforwomanAndinfantmortalitydeathratedroppeddecreasedonaveragebyeachyear为孩子提供足够的粮食类食品使碳水化合物提供的热量达到总热量的左右。ParentsshouldsupplyenoughgrainfoodtotheirchildrensothatthecaloriesprovidedbycarbohydratecanamounttoadduptocometoaccountforofthetotalcaloriesneededbythemParentsshouldsupplyenoughgrainfoodtotheirchildren,makingthecaloriesprovidedbycarbohydrateamounttoadduptocometoaccountforofthetotalcaloriesneededbythemWHO公布影响健康的四个因素中不良生活方式和行为占全球死亡因素的我国也占以上。AmongthefourhealthrelatedfactorsthatWHOpublished,unhealthylifestylesandbehaviorhaveaccountedforofthetotalcausesofdeathworldwide,whileinChinathefigurehasbeenaboveAmongthefourhealthrelatedfactorsthatWHOpublished,unhealthylifestylesandbehaviorhavecausedofthetotaldeathsworldwide,whileinChinatheyhavedonemorethan洋医院所收费用的%是患者为院方提供的高质量服务而付的而公立医院的收入则主要来自药品差价有的达到了总收入的%。ofthechargesbyforeignfundedhospitalscomefromhighqualityserviceforthepatients,whileoftheincomesofpublichospitalsfromhugeprofitsfrommedicinesofthechargesbyforeignfundedhospitalscomefromhighqualityserviceforthepatients,whiletheincomesofpublichospitalsmainlycomefromthepricedifferencesofmedicineswhichcanevenamounttoofthetotalincomeinsome农村卫生总费用所占比例没有变大反而缩小了中国/的人口只占用/的医疗卫生费用。Theproportionofexpenditureforruralhealthcaretothetotalnationalexpenditureforhealthcaredidnotincreasebutdecreased,fortheoftheChinesepopulationonlyusedofthetotalnationalexpenditureforhealthcareInsteadofbecominglarger,theproportionofruralmedicalexpendituretothetotalnationalmedicalexpenditurebecamesmaller,fortheoftheChinesepopulationonlyhadofthetotalnationalexpenditure世界上发达国家每l人所拥有的卫生服务人员为名根据年的统计数据我国的平均水平为人而农村不足人。Inthedevelopedcountries,everyonethousandpeoplehavemedicalworkersInourcountry,however,thenationalaveragenumberisandthenumberforruralareasislessthan,accordingtothestatisticsofForeveryonethousandpeople,therearemedicalworkersinthedevelopedcountries,butinourcountryonlyonaverageandevenfewerintheruralareasaccordingtothestatisticsofWHO推荐的一个卫生服务机构的服务人员高、中、初级职称的比例是l::我国农村是:.:.。TheratioofseniortointermediatetojuniormedicalprofessionalsrecommendedbyWHOforamedicalorganizationis::,butthisratiois::intheruralareasinChina而世界上有些发达国家的大都市CI的拥有量仅为每万人l台。Insomelargecitiesofdevelopedcountries,thereisonlyoneCTmachineforeverytwomillionpeopleInsomelargecitiesofdevelopedcountries,everytwomillionpeopleonlyhaveoneCTmachine吸烟者患心脏病的危险比普通人多两倍。AcigarettesmokerfacestimesthenormaldangerofsufferingaheartattackAcigarettesmokerfacesthedangerofsufferingaheartattacktwicemorethananormalpersonAcigarettesmokerfacestimesthedangerofsufferingaheartattackforanormalpersonThedangerofsufferingaheartattackforacigarettesmokeristimesasgreatasthatforanormalpersonThedangerofsufferingaheartattackforacigarettesmokeristwicemorethanthatforanormalperson新的治疗方法可以使该病的死亡率从%以上降到约%。Thenewtherapycanreducedecreasethemortalityoftheillnessfromabovetoabout练习:用英语表达以下意念:在从到年的年期间中国的私营医院增加了大约倍不过规模仍然很小。死于心血管疾病的人数比年前增加了一半。新中国成立的年全国医生只有大约万到了年年后这一数字达到了二百五十万。到年许多国家的人均用水量只有年的一半。十年前医疗费用只占整个预算的%而现在已占到%。根据一份调查报告该地区的农村婴儿死亡率是全国平均的七倍。碳水化合物提供的热量是人体热量的主要来源约占总热量的。我国O~%的大学生有心理问题%有心理障碍近年来高血压患病率下降心血管患病率下降。冬季比春季从事同等强度的运动热量消耗高%左右。岁以上成人高血压患病率为.%临界高血压患病率为.%合计总发病率为.%。目前合理的膳食摄盐量应该先控制在每日~g以后逐渐降低逐渐达g以下。年中国农村卫生费用占全国卫生总费用的.到年所占比例下降为.。按WHO的标准医护比应该是:而我国是:农村更低。我国乡村卫生院的病床平均使用率低于%有的才%―%。实施健康危险因素评价(healthriskfactorappraisal)的公司由年的%增加到年的%以上。积极参加运动的妇女与不活动的妇女相比患乳腺癌的可能性要低一半。一只雄性白鼠接受的咖啡因的最大剂量相当于一个男人每天喝杯咖啡的剂量。半数以上的病人症状改善了%以上有的达到%。从年到年个人医疗开支上升了近倍从元到元。

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