下载

2下载券

加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 4 英语口语精华

4 英语口语精华.doc

4 英语口语精华

guestese
2018-09-05 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《4 英语口语精华doc》,可适用于外语资料领域

英语口语精华AWhatcollegeareyouattendingWhatareyoumajoringinWhat'syourmajorWhatgradeclass〖年级和班级〗areyouinWhatschooldidyougotoWheredoyougotoschoolHowmanycoursesareyoutakingthissemesterI'dbetterhitthebooks〖勤奋地钻研或学习〗ManystudentsareworkingatparttimejobsI'magraduate〖毕业生〗ofHarvardUniversityI'vegotsixmonthstogountilthegraduationHeworkedhiswaythroughcollege〖半工半读〗He'sbusypreparingforclass〖忙着准备功课〗Idon'tthinkIhaveamathematicalbrain〖数学头脑〗Thishasbeenahardcourse〖这门功课很难〗formeI'vebeenstudyingallday,andI'msickandtiredofit〖厌倦〗Heseemstobegettingonverywellatschool(他在学校似乎念得很好。)Speakingofschool,howareyourgradesthistermThecostsofcollegegethighereveryyearShe'saneasygoing〖随和的〗teacherThecourseItookwasaboveme〖超过我的能力〗AsfarasEnglishisconcerned,heissecondtonone(就英语来说没有人能够比得上他。)Heisburningthemidnightoil〖开夜车挑灯夜读〗Howdidthetestturnout(考试结果怎样?)IhopeI'llgodowninhistoryasafamousEnglishprofessor(我希望成为未来历史上有名的英文教授。)There'snothingwrongwithhardwork(刻苦没有错。)Examinationsareathand(考试在即。)Sheisatthetopofherclass(她名列前茅。)Howdidyougetoninyourexam(你考得怎样?)Heisacollegedropout(他从大学辍学半途而废。)HetookFrenchleave(他不辞而别。)Shewaskickedoutof〖开除退学〗theuniversitySewonthefirstplaceinaspeechcontest(第一名)I'mtakingcredithours(我修十九个学分。)Idon'twasn'ttocutclass〖旷课逃学〗HaveyoueverstudiedFrench(你学过法文吗?)What'sthebookabout(这本书写什么?)SheisgivingmepianolessonsinexchangeforherEnglishclassesWheredidyougotohighschool上英文课时最有用的句子:WhatdoyoucallthisinEnglish(怎么称呼这个?)Howdoyoupronouncethisword(怎么念?)Howdoyouspellit(如何拼写?)HowdoyousaythatinEnglish(用英文怎么说?)What'sthemeaningofNATOWhatdoesNATOmeanWhatdoesNATOstandfor(NATO代表什么?)Howdoes"live"differfrom"leave"(有什么不同?)What'sthedifferencebetweenAandBIcan'texpressmyselfverywellinEnglishHowwelldoIspeakEnglish(我英文说得怎么样?)BYouareadreamboat你是位(异性所追求的)理想人选Youaresuchadish你是个绝色美人I'vebeendyingtomeetyou我非常非常想见到你EverytimeIseeyou,youleavemeoutinthecold每次我见到你你都不睬我Ionlyhaveeyesforyou我只在意你I'ddoanythingtoseeyoucrackasmile为了博得你的一笑我情愿做任何事Yousweptmeoffmyfeet你使我神魂颠倒Youdon'thaveacareintheworld你不知人间烦恼为何物I'mstilltryingtogettosecondbasewithyou我仍旧试着想和你发展到‘第二阶段’(在美国firstbase指拉手接吻secondbase指抚摩等thirdbase指做爱)Ifyoudon'twanttoloseme,you'dbetterlayitontheline如果你不想失去我就最好一五一十地告诉我吧Tellmeyourstory,I'mallears告诉我你的故事我洗耳恭听Someday,whenyourshipcomein,you'llbuildyourdreamhouse总有一天当你有钱时你会建造你梦想的家Ihopeyourideatakeswing我希望你的想法成真Iwishthatyouwouldputyourcardsonthetable我希望你干脆把话挑明Haveyoueverseenyouroldflame你还见过你的旧情人吗Iftheshoefits,wearit如果是真的就承认吧Thisexperiencewillmakemeshowmytruecolor这种经历将使我暴露我的本性Ihaveabottomeddownmind我是个没有什么独到见解的人Ihavenodirection,Ijustgetwhereverthewindblows我没有方向只是随风到处飘Ican'tburnthecandleatbothendsforever我不能永远这么过分地消耗精力Wecouldmakebeautifulmusictogether我们也许会是和谐幸福的一对儿Youarealwaystryingtogetmygoat你总是想惹我发火I'mamanofmyword我是个讲信用的人Somedayyou'regoingtohavetofacethemusicforyouractions总有一天你将不得不承担自己的行为所带来的后果Justcoolyourheels!好了安静会儿吧Saveyourbreath!Idon'twanttohearit不要说了我不想听ReallyYouaresobad!真的吗?你真棒!!C容易弄错的美语下面一些用语或口语在字眼上颇有相似之处但在意义和用法上却有不同。使用时要特别小心以免出错。sonofagun与sonofabitch:sonofagun是对好友表示一种惊讶的口语(aninterjectionoranexclamationofsurprisebetweenverygoodfriends)有点像「坏蛋」、「家伙」的味道。但sonofabitch(或SOB)是美国人极为严重的骂人话(curseword)千万不可乱用以免闹事。因为这不但意味这位son没有确定的父亲同时母亲也是缺乏道德和贞操(lessvirtuous)。例如:*Ihavenotseenyouforalongtimeyou(are)sonofagun!(你这坏蛋啊我好久不见你了!)*Afterthetwomencalledeachother“sonofabitch”(SOB),theystartedafight(这两位男子互骂SOB後就动起武来。)至於sonofagun的来由据说从前女人可以住在海军船上服务。结果一位女人生下孩子时不知父亲是谁於是船上的人就以「gun」做为孩子的paternity孩子也就被称为「sonofagun」。虽然只用在好友中但有时也真有坏蛋的意思(evilpersonorarogue)所以不是恭维语(complimentaryword)除非真正好友少用为妙。atlarge与byandlarge:atlarge当形容词最常用的意思是指嫌犯脱逃逍遥法外(escape,referringtocriminalbeforearrest)而byandlarge当副词用意思是一般而言(generallyspeakingonthewhole)。例如:*Themurdersuspectisstillatlarge(凶手仍然逍遥法外)*Byandlarge,Ifeel(that)thenewproposalissensible(大体来说我认为新的建议是很切合实际的。)*Byandlarge,mostpeoplewillcareabouttheirweight(一般而言许多人关心他们的体重)然而有时atlarge也有「一般」(ingeneral)的意思。例如:*TheChinesepeopleatlargearepeace-loving(一般中国人是爱好和平的)Hereyougo与Hereyougoagain:Hereyougo是指给别人东西时说:「这就是你要的」(=Hereiswhatyouwant)有时也表示同意对方的意见(=youareright)有时又与thereyougo互用。*Thecashiersaid,“Hereyougo!”whenshegavemethechange(当收款员找我零钱时她说:「这就是!」)但是Hereyou(或we)goagain意思是「你又旧事重提了」表示对一件事情多次重复的厌烦。(feelannoyedwhensomethingisrepeatedoverandoveragain)。例如:*Whenhebroughtupthesameissuetome,Isaid,“Hereyougoagain!”(当他向我提出同样的问题时我说:「又是老话题了!」)至於“Heregoes”又是指说话者开始做某事时说:「开始了」。例如:*“Heregoes!”,shoutedtheracerashestartedrunning(当赛跑者开始跑步时喊著「我就开始了!」)tomarry(someone)与tobemarriedto(someone):marry当做及物动词时多用主动语态(activevoice)。例如:*Shemarriedamantenyearsyounger(或older)(她嫁给一位比她小或大十岁的男人)=Shemarriedamantenyearsherjunior(或senior)但是marry用在被动语态时(passivevoice)後面要用介系词to。例如:*Sheis(was)marriedtoamantenyearsyounger(older)=Sheis(was)marriedtoamantenyearsherjunior(senior)(假如用is指目前还是夫妻如用was可能已经不是夫妻了)然而在married後面用介系词by时又有「牧师证婚」的意思。例如:*Shewasmarriedbyamantenyearsyounger(是指为她证婚的牧师比她小十岁。)*Shewasmarriedbymyfather(为他证婚的牧师是我老爸。)(因为牧师证婚已成过去所以要用过去式was。)near与nearby:near是介系词(preposition)通常後面跟受词(object)但是nearby(或nearby)当形容词(adjective)意思是指「附近」(=close)只指某一地方(somewhere)没有特定地点(nospecificlocation)。例如:*Theschoolisneartherailwaystation(学校在火车站附近。)*Thepostofficeandlibraryarenearby(邮局和图书馆都在附近。)可见nearby(或nearby)通常後面不加受词不然就显得awkward了。所以很少人说:*Iateatanearrestaurant不过可以说:*Iateatanearbyrestaurant或*TherestaurantwhereIateisnearby(不过也有老外用near)schoolisopen与theschoolisopen:schoolisopen(或schoolsareopen)是指「学校开学」(classesareinsession)这里的open是形容词school前面不加冠词the意味整个中小学的schoolsystem。但是theschoolisopen多指学校的建筑物开放著但没有学生上课。同理:Hegoestoschool是指他去上学读书受教育而Hegoestotheschool又指他去学校的建筑物(看朋友、参观等)。至於Schoolisclosed(或Schoolsareclosed)是指「学校停课」前面也不加the。注意:close当形容词时也有「附近」(nearby)或「友善」(friendly)的意思。例如:*Theschoolisclose(=nearby)(学校在附近。)*Thatisacloseneighborhood(那是一个友善的住宅区)而Theschoolisopenedatam或*Theschoolisclosedatpm(都是指学校的建筑物开放或关闭的时间。)但是Thestoreisopen是指店铺在营业中(=Businessisgoingon)而Thestoreisclosed又是指店铺暂时不营业。假如店铺是永久性的「关门大吉」就应该说:*Thestorewascloseddown(permanently)不过closed当形容词时又有「保守」(conservative)或受某种「限制」(restricted)的意思。例如:*Thisisaclosedcommunity(这是一个保守的社区。)(由於宗教信仰等原因美国有的社区不欢迎外来的人。)D美国人的口头禅Itisashame!这是一句可以用在许多适当情况的口语(Catchallphrase)是表示一种轻度的「遗憾」或「同情」(aformofsympathyorregret)但没有「羞耻」的意思。例如:Itisashamethatyourcargotstuckinthesnow(你的汽车陷在雪里真糟糕。)WhenIsaid,"Ilosttendollarsfrommypocket",hereplied,"Itisashame!"(当我说:「我从口袋里掉了十块钱」他回答:「真遗憾?」)至於"Whatashame"其实与"itisashame"意思相似也有"Itistoobad"的味道。例如:Whatashamethathisson'sbehaviorissorude(他儿子的粗鲁行为是令人遗憾的)Mayiteverbethus!意思是:希望保持现在的情况不会改变。(Ihopeitwillnotchangemaythesituationalwaysremainthesame)通常用在喜庆时也有祝你与现在一样的健康快乐之意。(Ihopeyouarealwaysashealthyandhappyasnow)例如:Wearewonderfulfriendsmayiteverbethus!(我们是好友愿永远如此!)Hesaidtothenewlyweds,"Mayiteverbethus!"(他对新婚夫妇说:「愿你们永远这样的恩爱、幸福」)AmIbeingpetty意思是:「我是气量小吗?」或「我是心胸狭窄吗?」(narrowminded)这是一个人做了或说了某件事情後唯恐别人批评或指责而自加「反省」的表态。(或表示谦虚)这里用verbtobe的现在进行式表示气量小或心胸窄是「暂时性」的。而AmIpetty又是指「经常性」的。(但是谁又愿意承认自己是经常的气量小心胸窄呢!所以为了「自尊心」通常不说"Iampetty"只说"Iambeingpetty"同理:AmIbeingoverreactive(或oversensitive)(我是反应过火或过份敏感吗?)Areyoubeinginbadmood(你情绪不好吗?)都是强调「暂时性」。否则就不必使用现在进行式(being)(主词可用任何人称代名词you,we,he,she,they等动词可用任何时态。)Staytuned!这多半是指播音员在收音机或电视上所说的。意思是:「稍等一下下面还有」(Staywhereyouareinthesamechannel)但也可以表示对一件事情的继续讨论(tokeepcontinuingthesameissue)。(tuned是形容词原意是调好电台或电视)例如:Staytuned,therewillbemoreonthissubjecttomorrow(稍等这个问题明天再谈。)Staytuned的等候时间可长可短要看情况而定。然而"waitamoment"通常是指immediately时间较短。例如:Staytuned(或waitamoment)Iwillberightback(指马上回来)但是:Wehavetostaytunedregardingthenamechangeofourschool(我们必须等待校名的变更)(等待时间较长)Youcansaythatagain!这句话的意思是「我同意你」(Iagreewithyou)或「你对了」(Youareright)例如:Whentheprofessorspokeonhumanrights,thestudentsresponded,"Youcansaythatagain!"(当教授谈到人权时学生回答说:「你说得对!」)虽然这句话的主词通常只用第二人称单数You但在某些情况下也可以用其他人称。例如:WhenweheardMrClinton'sspeechontaxreduction,mywifeturnedtomeandsaid,"Hecansaythatagain!"(当我们听到柯林顿先生减税的讲演时内人转头对我说:「他说得对!」)Letmesleeponit意思是「让我考虑一下」或「让我想想看」(letmethinkaboutit)(这与sleep没有关系)例如:Letmesleeponyourproposal(让我考虑你的建议。)Whenheaskedifshewantedtostaywithhim,shesaid,"Letmesleeponit"(当他问她要不要留下来她说:「要想想看」。)在"letmesleeponit"中me可用其他人称代名词(him,her,you,us,them等)it有时也用this或that代替。Takeheart!意思是「勇敢些」、「不必苦恼」、「振作起来」(bebravedon'tworrydon'tletthingsgetyoudown)(多半指感情方面比较emotional)例如:Takeheart,andthesituationwillbebetter(不必怕情况会好些。)Takeheart,Iamsureyouwillbesuccessfulinthefuture(振作起来吧我相信你将来会成功的。)Tunehimout!意思是「别听他的」「不必理会他」(don'tlistentohimdon'tpayattentiontohim)例如:MrLeejusttalkednonsensetunehimout(李先生在瞎扯别听他的。)Iamgoingtotuneheroutwhenshebeginstospeakonthesubject(当她谈及主题时我不想理会她。)Thehusbandtunedouthiswifewhenhewaswatchingthefootballgame(老公看足球赛时没有理会太座。)(tuneout有时也可连在一起使用)(在"tunehimout"这句口语里动词tune可用任何时态受词him也可用其他人称代名词。)E美式惯用语EgI'llbackyouupalltheway我完全支持你。原句:IwillsupportyoufrombeginningtoendEgWhydon'tyougetoffmyback不要来打扰我好不好?原句:Don'tdisturbmeEgThat'senoughofyourbacktalk不许你回嘴。原句:Idon'tlikethewayyouarguewithmeEgOh,myachingback啊呀天啊真糟!原句:OhGod!EgImustsaythisaboutLeehe'sreallyontheball他做人醒目勤奋。原句:He'sreallyworkinghardEgI'mbeat我累死了。原句:I'minexhaustedEgWhyshouldIbeatmybrainsoutforthesalaryI'mgetting我拿这么一点薪水犯不着伤脑筋。原句:I'monlygettingasmallsalary,soIdon'tneedtoworktoohardEgRowbeatit!走开点。原句:Getaway。EgWheredidyougetthebeatupoldcar你从哪儿弄来那辆老爷车?原句:Wheredidyoubuythebrokendowncar?EgKeepyourbigmouthshut住嘴。原句:StoptalkingEgHeisabigtimeoperator他这人很吃得开。原句:HehasRoodconnectionsEgGivemeabreak给我一个机会啦。原句:GivemeachanceEgDon'tbrushmeoff不要敷衍我。原句:Don'tstallmeEgIdon'tbuyyourstory我不相信你。原句:Idon'tbelieveyouEgLet'scallitquits算了吧!原句:Let'sforgetitEgHiswordscarryalotofweight他的话很有力量。原句:HeisveryinfluentialEgHeistryingtocashinonme他想占我便宜。原句:HeistryingtotakeadvantagefrommeEgIt'salotofchickenfeed这是小意思不算什么。原句:It'snothingEgDon'tchickenoutBeaman不要退缩了。原句:Don'tbackoutEgIt'smycupoftea这很合我胃口。原句:It'smyfavoriteEg"What'smycut"我有什么好处?原句:what'smyshareEgCutitout不要这个样子啦!原句:Don'tbelikethatEgThatwillbetheday有这么一天就好了。原句:It'snotpossibleEgHedoublecrossedme他出卖了我。原句:HebetrayedmeEgHe'sdownandout他已经完了。原句:HeisfinishedEgDropdead走开点。原句:GoawayEgTakeiteasy不要这么紧张。原句:RelaxWhat'seatingyou你有什么烦恼?原句:what'sbotheringyouKeepaneyeonhim看住他。原句:WatchhimHeisafasttalker他老是说得天花乱坠。原句:HeisalwaysbraggingIamfedup我已经厌倦了。原句:IamsickandtiredPleasefillmein请你把情形告诉我。原句:PleasetellmeallaboutitIt'sfullofhotair这是雷声大雨点小。原句:LotsoftalkandnoactionWhat'sthegag这里面有什么奥妙?原句:What'sthetrickHetoldmetogetlost他叫我走开。原句:hetoldmegoawayThat'sagoodgimmick那是一个好办法。原句:That'sgoodthinkingHegavemeapainintheneck他真叫我头痛。原句:HegavemetroubleHe'salwaysonthego他永远是前进的。原句:He'salwaysgoingaheadI'llhaveanothergoatit我再试一次。原句:I'lltryagainI'llgoalongwithyou我同意你。原句:I'llagreewithyouIt'sagooddeal这是一个好买卖。原句:It'sagoodbargainHealwaysgoofsoff他总是糊里糊涂。原句:HealwaysslipsGoon不要这个样子啦!原句:Don'tbelikethatIt'sallGreektome我全不懂。原句:Idon'tunderstandI'vehadit糟了(吃饱了)。原句:I'vehadenoughI'mhardup我经济很困难。原句:Idon'thavemoneyHe'shavingahardtime他的处境不好。原句:He'sintroubleDotohell!滚蛋!原句:GoawayIt'sahit这件事很受人欢迎。原句:It'sverypopularHe'sinhotwater他在水深火热中。原句:HeisindeeptroubleSoyoufinallybroketheice你终于打破了僵局。原句:SoyoufinallybrokethroughWhat'sinitforme我有什么好处?原句:What'smyshareHeisinajam他可糟了。原句:HeisingreattroubleDon'tjumponme不要跟我发火。原句:Don'tbeangryatmeIt'salotofjunks这都是一些鬼东西。原句:It'salotofgarbageIgotabigkickoutofit这件事真令我开心。原句:ItmakesmelaughWhatthekickbackforme我有回扣拿吗?原句:What'smycutunderthetableHekickedthebucket他已经归天。原句:HediedAreyoukidding你是不是开玩笑?原句:AreyoujokingOh!youarekillingme!笑死人了。原句:It'sreallyfunnyKnockitoff不要这个样子。原句:Don'tbelikethatStoppullingmyleg不要开我玩笑了。原句:Don'tmakefunofmeYouareoutofline你太过份了。原句:YouareoverdoingitPleasebringmeuptodate把最近的情形告诉我。原句:PleasegivemethelatestinformationIwillmakeituptoyou我一定会补偿你的。原句:I'llcompensateyouYoumadeitagain(Youdiditagain)你又得手了。原句:YousucceedagainYouhitthenailonthehead你真是一言中的。原句:YouareabsolutelyrightNodice不行。原句:NowayHeisanut他有点精神病。原句:HeisinsaneNuts!胡说!原句:Nonsense!It'sonthehouse这是免费的。原句:It'sfreeHeisanoperator(hereitmeansathiefaswindlerect)他是一个老滑头。原句:HeisaswindlerDon'tpanic不要慌啊!原句:Don'tbenervousHepassedout他已经昏倒了!原句:HefaintedTomeitisjustpeanuts对我来讲这太不值得了。原句:It'snothingtomeHeisaphoney他是一个骗子。原句:HeisfakePickmeupatseventonight今天晚上七点钟你来接我。原句:ComeandgetmeatseventonightHewasputonthespot他已经给人打死了。原句:HewaskilledHeputsupagoodshow他的表现很好。原句:HebehaveshimselfwellIcan'tputupwithyouanylonger我不能再忍耐了。原句:Ican'tstandyouanylongerLet'scallitquits我们算了吧!原句:Let'sforgetthewholethingHewastakenforaride他受骗了。原句:HewasfooledLetitride让他去吧!原句:KeepitasitisI'mrunningthisshop我管理这个铺子。原句:I'mtheowneroftheshopTimeisrunningout时间不多了。原句:ThereisnotmuchtimeHegotthesack他被开除了。原句:HewasfiredSayswho谁说的?我不同意。原句:Idon'tagreeLet'shaveashowdownwithJohn我们跟约翰摊牌。原句:Let'stellTomthetruthWhat'supyoursleeves你变的是什么戏法?原句:WhatdoyouhaveinmindIamonlyasmallpotato我只是一个小角色。原句:I'mnobody.JohnLeeisasomebodyalthoughbewasanobodytwoyearsago李约翰现在已是名人虽然两年前是默默无闻的原句:JohnLeeisaveryimportantmanalthoughhewasanobodytwoyearsagoHeisnowinthesoup他现在糟糕了。原句:HeisnowingreattroubleKeepstallinghim继续拖延他吧。原句:KeepbrushinghimoffJackwasallsteamedup杰克非常冲动。原句:JackwasfuriousI'mhavingaswelltime我玩得很开心。原句:I'mhavingawonderfultimeIwastakenin我受骗了。原句:IwascheatedTellittothemarines我不会相信的。原句:Idon'tbelieveThat'sit不错就是这样。原句:That'sthewholestoryThereyougoagain啊呀!你又来了!原句:NonotagainWhat'sup有什么好新闻?原句:What'sgoingonWhatareyouupto你又搞什么鬼?原句:Whatdoyouintendtodonow?I'monthewagon我戒酒了。原句:IquitdrinkingWallshaveears隔墙有耳。原句:KeepyourvoicedownStillwaterrunsdeep大智若愚。原句:AwisemanplayingafoolWhatdoyousay你的意思怎么样?原句:WhatdoyouthinkSowhat那又怎么样?原句:WhatcanyoudoaboutitWhat'sup有什么事情吗?原句:Anythinghappen创建时间:上一页目录页下一页资源收集于网络E书制作Iris更多精彩在我爱E书非商业电子书仅供收藏

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

文档小程序码

使用微信“扫一扫”扫码寻找文档

1

打开微信

2

扫描小程序码

3

发布寻找信息

4

等待寻找结果

我知道了
评分:

/17

4 英语口语精华

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利