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首页 专四听力50篇.doc

专四听力50篇.doc

专四听力50篇.doc

上传者: YL 2018-03-12 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《专四听力50篇doc》,可适用于外语资料领域,主题内容包含TownandCountryLifeinEnglandThereisabigdifferencebetweentownlifeandcountryl符等。

TownandCountryLifeinEnglandThereisabigdifferencebetweentownlifeandcountrylifeinEnglandInthecountry,everybodyknowseverybodyelseTheyknowwhattimeyougetup,whattimeyougotobedandwhatyouhavefordinnerIfyouwanthelp,youwillalwaysgetitandyouwillbegladtohelpothersInalargetownlikeLondon,however,ItcansometimeshappenthatyouhaveneverseenyournextdoorneighborandyoudonotknowhisnameoranythingabouthimPeopleinLondonareoftenverylonelyThisisbecausepeoplegotodifferentplacesintheeveningsandatweekendsIfyouwalkthroughthestreetsinthecentreofLondononSunday,itislikeatownwithoutpeopleOneissorryforoldpeoplelivingontheirownTheycoulddieintheirhomesandwouldnotbediscoveredforweeksorevenmonths(words)AChangeinWomenrsquosLifeTheimportantchangeinwomen#slifepatternhasonlyrecentlybeguntohaveitsfulleffectonwomenrsquoseconomicpositionEvenafewyearsagomostgirlsleftschoolatthefirstopportunity,andmostofthemtookafulltimejobHowever,whentheymarried,theyusuallyleftworkatonceandneverreturnedtoitTodaytheschoolleavingageissixteen,manygirlsstayatschoolafterthatage,andthoughwomentendtomarryyounger,moremarriedwomenstayatworkatleastuntilshortlybeforetheirfirstchildisbornVerymanymoreafterwardsreturntofulltimeorparttimeworkSuchchangeshaveledtoanewrelationshipinmarriage,withthehusbandacceptingagreatershareofthedutiesandsatisfactionsoffamilylifeandwithbothhusbandandwifesharingmoreequallyinprovidingthemoney,andrunningthehome,accordingtotheabilitiesandinterestsofeachofthem(words)UsefulWordsandExpressions:lifepattern生活方式shareAPopularPastimeoftheEnglishPeopleOneofthebestmeansofunderstandingthepeopleofanynationiswatchingwhattheydowiththeirnonworkingtimeMostEnglishmen,womenandchildrenlovegrowingthings,especiallyflowersVisitorstoEnglandinspring,summer,orautumnarelikelytoseegardensallthewayalongtherailwaylinesThereareflowersattheairportsandflowersinfactorygrounds,aswellasingardensalongtheroadsEachEnglishtownhasatleastoneparkwithbeautifullykeptflowerbedsPublicbuildingsofeverykindhavebrilliantwindowboxesandsometimesbasketsofflowersarehangingonthemButwhattheEnglishenjoymostisgrowingthingsthemselves,Ifitisimpossibletohaveagarden,thenawindowboxorsomethinggrowinginapotwilldoLookingateachother#sgardensisapopularpastimewiththeEnglish(words)UsefulWordsandExpressions:windowbox:窗台上的花盆箱pastime消遣娱乐SwimmingismyfavoritepastimeBritishandAmericanPoliceOfficersRealpolicemen,bothinBritainandtheUS,hardlyrecognizeanycommonpointsbetweentheirlivesandwhattheyseeonTViftheyevergethomeintimeSomethingsarealmostthesame,ofcourse,butthepolicemendonotthinkmuchofthemThefirstdifferenceisthatapoliceman#sreallifedealswiththelawMostofwhathelearnsisthelawHehastoknowactuallywhatactionsareagainstthelawandwhatfactscanbeusedtoprovethemincourtHehastoknownearlyasmuchlawasalawyer,andwhat#smore,hehastoputitintopracticeonhisfeet,inthedarkand,runningdownanarrowstreetaftersomeonehewantstotalktoLittleofhistimeisspentintalkingwithbeautifulgirlsorinbravelyfacingcruelcriminalsHewillspendmostofhisworkinglifearrangingmillionsofwordsonthousandsofformsabouthundredsofsad,ordinarypeoplewhoareguiltymdashornotofstupid,unimportantcrimes(words)UsefulWordsandExpressions:thinkmuchof重视尊重incourt在法庭上criminal罪犯犯罪者guilty犯罪的有罪的LivingSpaceHowmuchlivingspacedoesapersonneedWhathappenswhenhisspaceneedsarenotmetScientistsaredoingexperimentsonratstotrytodeterminetheeffectsofovercrowdedconditionsonmanRecentstudieshaveshownthatthebehaviourofratsisgreatlyaffectedbyspaceIfratshaveenoughlivingspace,theyeatwell,sleepwellandproducetheiryoungwellButiftheirlivingconditionsbecometoocrowded,theirbehaviourandeventheirhealthchangeobviouslyTheycannotsleepandeatwell,andsignsoffearandworrybecomeclearThemorecrowdedtheyare,themoretheytendtobiteeachotherandevenkilleachotherThus,forrats,populationandviolencearedirectlyrelatedIsthisanaturallawforhumansocietyaswellIsenoughspacenotonlysatisfactory,butnecessaryforhumansurvivalTheseareinterestingquestions(words)TheUnitedNationsIn,representativesofnationsmettoplanthisorganizationItwascalledtheUnitedNationsAfterthewar,manymorenationsjoinedTherearetwomajorpartsoftheUnitedNationsOneiscalledtheGeneralAssembly,mtheGeneralAssembly,everymembernationisrepresentedandhasanequalvoteThesecondpartiscalledtheSecurityCouncilIthasrepresentativesofjustnationsFivenationsarepermanentmembers:theUnitedStates,Russia,France,Britain,andChina,TheothermembersareelectedeverytwoyearsbytheGeneralAssemblyThemajorjoboftheSecurityCouncilistokeeppeaceintheworldIfnecessary,itcansendtroopsfrommembernationstotrytostoplittlewarsbeforetheyturnintobigonesItishardtogetthenationsoftheSecurityCounciltoagreeonwhenthisisnecessaryButtheydidvotetotrytostopwars(words)UsefulWordsandExpressions:representative代表GeneralAssembly联合国大会permanent永久的持久的SecurityCouncil联合国安全理事会PlasticWeuseplasticwraptoprotectourfoodsWeputourgarbageinplasticbagsorplasticcansWesitonplasticchairs,playwithplastictoys,drinkfromplasticcups,andwashourhairwithshampoofromplasticbottles!PlasticdoesnotgrowinnatureItismadebymixingcertainthingstogetherWecallitaproducedormanufacturedmaterialPlasticwasfirstmadeinthesfromplants,suchaswoodandcottonThatplasticwassoftandburnedeasilyThefirstmodernplasticsweremadeinthesMostclearplasticstartsoutasthick,blackoilThatplasticcoatinginsideapanbeginsasnaturalgasOvertheyears,hundredsofdifferentplasticshavebeendevelopedSomearehardandstrongSomearesoftandbendableSomeareclearSomearemanycoloredThereisaplasticforalmosteveryneedScientistscontinuetoexperimentwithplasticsTheyhopetofindevenwaystousethem!(words)DisplayofGoodsAresupermarketsdesignedtopersuadeustobuymoreFreshfruitandvegetablesaredisplayednearsupermarketentrancesThisgivestheimpressionthatonlyhealthyfoodissoldintheshopBasicfoodsthateveryonebuys,likesugarandtea,arenotputneareachotherTheyarekeptindifferentaislessocustomersaretakenpastotherattractivefoodsbeforetheyfindwhattheywantInthisway,shoppersareencouragedtobuyproductsthattheydonotreallyneedSweetsareoftenplacedatchildren#seyelevelatthecheckoutWhileparentsarewaitingtopay,childrenreachforthesweetsandputtheminthetrolleyMoreisboughtfromafifteenfootdisplayofonetypeofproductthanfromatenfootoneCustomersalsobuymorewhenshelvesarefullthanwhentheyarehalfemptyTheydonotliketobuyfromshelveswithfewproductsonthembecausetheyfeelthereissomethingwrongwiththoseproductsthatarethere(words)UsefulWordsandExpressions:aisle走廊过道trolley手推车checkout收款台AlbertEinsteinAlbertEinsteinwasborninGermanyinHis号fatherownedafactorythatmadeelectricaldevicesHismotherenjoyedmusicandbooksHisparentswereJewishbuttheydidnotobservemanyofthereligionrsquosrulesAlbertwasaquietchildwhospentmuchofhistimealoneHewasslowtotalkandhaddifficultylearningtoreadWhenAlbertwasfiveyearsold,hisfathergavehimacompassThechildwasfilledwithwonderwhenhediscoveredthatthecompassneedlealwayspointedinthesamedirectionmdashtothenorthHeaskedhisfatherandhisunclewhatcausedtheneedletomoveTheiranswersaboutmagnetismandgravityweredifficultfortheboytounderstandYethespentalotoftimethinkingaboutthemHesaidlaterthathefeltsomethinghiddenhadtobebehindthings(words)Usefulexpressionsandwords:device装置设备leavetoonersquosowndevices听任某人自行其是允许某人按自己的意愿做事Sheleftthechildtoherowndevicesforanhourintheafternoon她允许孩子在下午有一个小时的自由支配时间。compass指南针beyondonersquoscompass某人力所不及speakwithincompass谨慎小心地说withinsbrsquoscompass某人力所能及的withinthecompassof在helliphellip范围内catchfetchtakeacompass兜圈子绕道拐弯抹角keepsthwithincompass把某种事物限制在适当的范围内magnetism磁力PrivateCarsWiththeincreaseinthegeneralstandardofliving,someordinaryChinesefamiliesbegintoaffordacarYetopinionsofthedevelopmentofaprivatecarvaryfrompersontopersonItgivesamuchgreaterdegreeofcomfortandmobilityTheownerofacarisnolongerforcedtorelyonpublictransport,andhencenoirritationcausedbywaitingforbusesortaxisHowever,othersstronglyobjecttodevelopingprivatecarsTheymaintainthatasmoreandmorecarsareproducedandruninthestreet,alargevolumeofpoisonousgaswillbegivenoff,pollutingtheatmosphereandcausingactualharmtothehealthofpeopleWhetherprivatecarsshouldbedevelopedinChinaisadifficultquestiontoanswer,yetthedesireforthecomfortandindependenceaprivatecarcanbringwillnotbeeliminated(words)AHenpeckedHusbandandHisWifeTherewasoncealarge,fatwomanwhohadasmall,thinhusbandHehadajobinabigcompanyandwasgivenhisweeklywageseveryFridayeveningAssoonashegothomeonFridays,hiswifeusedtomakehimgiveherallhismoney,andthensheusedtogivehimbackonlyenoughtobuyhislunchinhiscompanyeverydayOneday,thesmallmancamehomeveryexcitedHehurriedintothelivingroomHiswifewaslisteningtotheradioandeatingchocolatesthereYouwillneverguesswhathappenedtometoday,dear,hesaidHewaitedforafewsecondsandthenadded,Iwontenthousanddollarsonthelottery!Thatiswonderful!saidhiswifedelightedlyButthenshepulledalongfaceandaddedangrily,Buthowcouldyouaffordtobuytheticket(words)UsefulWordsandExpressions:henpecked怕老婆的妻管严的lottery彩票agreatlottery虚无缥缈的事pullalongface拉下脸来mdashmdashhaveafacetosaythat脸皮厚得竟能讲出这种话AYoungMan#sPromiseOnedayayoungmanwaswritingalettertohishaveafacetosaythatgirlfriendwholivedjustafewmilesawayinanearbytownHewastellingherhowmuchhelovedherandhowwonderfulhethoughtshewasThemorehewrotethemorepoetichebecameFinally,hesaidthatinordertobewithherhewouldsufferthegreatestdifficulties,hewouldfacethegreatestdangersthatanyonecouldimagineInfact,tospendonlyoneminutewithher,hewouldswimacrossthewidestriver,hewouldenterthedeepestforest,andhewouldfightagainstthefiercestanimalswithhisbarehandsHefinishedtheletter,signedhisname,andthensuddenlyrememberedthathehadforgottentomentionsomethingquiteimportantSo,inapostscriptbelowhisname,headded:Bytheway,I#llbeovertoseeyouonWednesdaynight,ifitdoesn#train(words)AKindNeighborMrandMrsJones#apartmentwasfullofluggage,packages,furnitureandboxesBothofthemwereverybusywhentheyheardthedoorbellringMrsJoneswenttoopenitandshesawamiddleagedladyoutsideTheladysaidshelivednextdoorMrsJonesinvitedhertocomeinandapologizedbecausetherewasnoplaceforhertositOh,that#sOK,saidtheladyIjustcometowelcomeyoutoyournewhomeAsyouknow,insomepartsofthiscityneighborsarenotfriendlyatallTherearesomeapartmenthouseswherepeopledon#tknowanyoftheirneighbors,noteventheonesnextdoorButinthisbuildingeveryoneisveryfriendlywitheveryoneelseWearelikeonebighappyfamilyI#msureyou#llbeveryhappyhereMrandMrsJonessaid,Butmadam,wearenotnewdwellersinthisapartmentWersquovelivedherefortwoyearsWersquoremovingouttomorrow(words)ThatIsn#tOurFaultMrandMrsWilliamsgotmarriedwhenhewastwentythree,andshewastwentyTwentyfiveyearslater,theyhadabigparty,andaphotographercameandtooksomephotographsofthemThenthephotographergaveMrsWilliamsacardandsaid,They#llbereadynextWednesdayYoucangetthemfromstudioNo,MrsWilliamssaid,pleasesendthemtousThephotographsarrivedaweeklater,butMrsWilliamswasnothappywhenshesawthemShegotintohercaranddrovetothephotographer#sstudioShewentinsideandsaidangrily,Youtooksomephotographsofmeandmyhusbandlastweek,butI#mnotgoingtopayforthemOh,whynotthephotographeraskedBecausemyhusbandlookslikeamonkey,MrsWilliamssaidWell,thephotographeranswered,thatisn#tourfaultWhydidnrsquotyouthinkofthatbeforeyoumarriedhim(words)AGuide#sAnswerIn,theCivilWarstartedintheUnitedStatesbetweentheNorthernandtheSouthernstatesThewarcontinuedwithgreatbitternessuntil,whentheNorthernerswerevictoriousHowever,eventoday,manySouthernershavenotforgottentheirdefeat,orforgiventheNorthernersAfewyearsago,apartyofAmericantouristsweregoingroundoneofthebattlefieldsoftheCivilWarwithaguidewhocamefromoneoftheSouthernstatesAteachplace,theguidetoldthetouristsstirringstoriesabouthowafewSouthernsoldiershadconqueredpowerfulforcesofNorthernersthereAtlast,oneofthetourists,aladywhocamefromtheNorth,stoppedtheguideandsaidtohim,ButsurelytheNorthernarmymusthavewonatleastonevictoryintheCivilWarNotaslongasI#mtheguidehere,madam,answeredtheSouthernguide(words)AQualifiedPilotThecaptainofasmallshiphadtogoalongarockycoast,buthewasunfamiliarwithit,sohetriedtofindaqualifiedpilottoguidehimHewentashoreinoneofthesmallports,andalocalfishermanpretendedthathewasapilotbecauseheneededsomemoneyThecaptaintookhimonboardandaskedhimwheretosteertheshipAfterhalfanhourthecaptainbegantosuspectthatthefishermandidnotreallyknowwhathewasdoingandwherehewasgoingAreyousureyouareaqualifiedpilotheaskedOh,yes,answeredthefishermanIknoweveryrockonthispartofthecoastSuddenlytherewasaterriblecrashfromundertheshipAtoncethefishermanadded,Andthatrsquosoneofthem(words)LivingThingsReactYouandallorganismsliveinanenvironmentAnenvironmentismadeupofeverythingthatsurroundsanorganismItcanincludetheair,thewater,thesoil,andevenotherorganismsAnorganismrespondstochangesinitsenvironmentWhenanorganismrespondstoachange,itreactsincertainwaysAlllivingthingsrespondinsomewayHaveyouevernoticedhowplantsandinsectsrespondtolightPlantsbendtowardlightInsectsflytowardlightLivingthingsalsorespondinotherwaysTheleavesonsometreesrespondtoachangeinseasonInautumn,theychangecolorsandthenfalloffthebranchesAnimalsalsorespondtoachangeinseasonSquirrelssavenutsforthewinterBearssleepthroughthewinterinacaveYourespondtoyourenvironmentinmanyways,tooYoumayshiverifyouarecoldWhatotherwaysdoyourespondtochangesinyourenvironment(words)FloweringPlantsWhatarcthepartsofaflowerFlowerscanhavemalepartsandfemalepartsThefemalepartsmakeeggsthatbecomeseedsThemalepartsmakepollenPollenisapowderymaterialthatisneededbytheeggstomakeseedsTomakeseeds,pollenandeggsmustcometogetherThewind,insects,andbirdsbringpollentoeggsManyanimalsloveflowers#brightcolorsTheyalsolikeasugaryliquidinflowersThisiscallednectarWhiletheydrinknectar,pollenrubsoffontheirbodiesAstheymove,someofthispollengetsdeliveredtothefemaleflowerpartsOvertime,thefemalepartsturnintofruitsthatcontainseedsAnimalsofteneatthefruitsandtheseedspassthroughtheirbodiesaswasteTheanimalsdonotknowtheyareworkingfortheplantsbyplantingseedsastheytraveltodifferentplaces!(words)UsefulwordsandExpressions:flowering开花的pollen花粉powdery粉状的sugar含糖的甜的nectar花蜜甘露rub磨擦FindingtheDirectionandLocationHowcanyoutellwhichdirectionByday,lookfortheSunItisintheeastinthemorningandthewestintheafternoonAtnight,usetheBigDippertohelpyoufindtheNorthStarItwouldbebettertobringacompassbecauseitsneedlealwayspointsnorthHowdoyouknowhowfaryouhavegoneYoucouldcounteverystepEachstepisabouttwofeetYoursquodbetterwearapedometerwhichisatoolthatcountsstepsIfyouknowwhereyoustarted,whichdirectionyouareheading,andhowfaryouhavegone,youcanuseagoodmaptofigureoutexactlywhereyouareTodaythereisanewwayfortravelerstofigureoutwheretheyareItistheGPSIthassatellitesthatorbittheearthandconstantlybroadcasttheirpositionsSomedayyoumaycarryasmallreceiverasyouhikeanduseGPStofindoutifyouarethereyet!(words)UsefulWordsandExpressions:dipper北斗七星compass罗盘pedometer步数计GPS=GlobalPositionSystem全球定位系统orbit轨道绕helliphellip轨道而行receiver接收器WavesHowdoeslightgetfromthesuntotheearthHowdoesmusicgetfromthestagetotheaudienceTheymovethesamewaymdashinwaves!LightandsoundareformsofenergyAllwavescarryenergy,buttheymaycarryitdifferentlyLightandsoundtravelthroughdifferentkindsofmatterForexample,lightwavescannotmovethroughwalls,butsoundwavescanThatiswhyyoucanhearpeopletalkinginanotherroomeventhoughyoucannotseehemTheenergyofsomewavesisdestructiveAnearthquakeproducesseismicwavesCatchawaveAskafriendtostandafewfeetawayfromyouStretchaspringbetweenyouShakethespringtotransferenergytoitWhathappensThespringbouncesupanddowninwavesWhenthewavesreachyourfriend,theybouncebacktoyou!Lightwavestravel,kilometers(,miles)persecond!TheycanalsotravelthroughavacuumThatiswhylightfromthesunanddistantstarscantravelthroughspacetotheearth!(words)UsefulWordsandExpressions:destructive破坏的seismic地震的vacuum真空SoilsTherearemanydifferentkindsofsoilsDifferentsoilshavedifferenttypesofrockandmineralsinthemSomesoilshavemorewaterinthemthanothersSomesoilsmighthavemoreplantandanimalmaterialinthem,tooDifferentkindsofsoilsarefoundindifferentpartsoftheworldThereareseveralkindsofsoilsfoundintheUnitedStatesInsomeareas,thesoilhasalotofclayOthersoilsareverysandyLoamisakindofsoilthathasagoodmixtureofclayandsandInsomeplaces,soillayersareverythickLotsofplantsgrowinplaceswithathicksoillayerIndryandwindyplacessoillayersaremuchthinnerLayersofsoilonmountainsarethinbecausegravitypullsthesoildownhillThetypeofsoilinaparticularplaceaffectswhatkindsofplantscangrowthere(words)UsefulWords:clay黏土泥土loam肥土layer层gravity地心引力重力downhill往下CrisisLifeisacontest!WhowillwinAbluebirdandsparrowbothcompeteforspacetobuildtheirnestsAfastgrowingmapletreeandslowergrowingdogwoodcompeteforthesunlighttheybothneedOilcompeteswithcoalandnuclearpowerasanenergysourceforelectricpowerplantsThereisaproblemThereisalimitedamountofspaceforbirds,sunlightfortrees,andenergyforpeople!Ifwedonotcutbackonourusesofsomeofourresources,somedaytheywillbegone!HowcanweuseenergytodayandknowwewillhaveenoughtogoaroundinthefutureWecanchoosealternate,orreplacement,energyresourcesIttakestheearthmillionsofyearstocreatecoal,oil,andgasTheyarenonrenewableresourcesSolarenergy,windenergyandwaterenergyarerenewableWhatotherwayscanweconserveourresourcesHowcanwemakesurethereisalwaysenoughtogoaround(words)UsefulwordsandUsefulwordsandexpressions:bluebird蓝知更鸟sparrow麻雀dogwood山茱萸powerplant发电厂发电站alternate替换物nonrenewableresources不可再生资源conserve保存保藏America#sWorstSurpriseDecember,wasoneoftheworstdaysinAmericanhistoryNearlyallAmericanswhoareoldenoughtorememberthatdaycanstillrememberwhattheyweredoingatthemomenttheyheardthenewsThenewswasthatAmericahadbeenattacked!Shortlybefore:PM,aradiodispatchcameintoWashingtonfromHonolulu,Hawaii,AirRaid,PearlHarbormdashThisisnodrillJapaneseplaneshadbegunanattackonthelargestAmericanmilitarybaseinthePacificTheyfirstdestroyedplanesonthegroundThentheybombedtheshipsintheharborNoonehadexpectedtheattackSonoonewaspreparedforitAnditdidnottakelongfortheJapanesetodotheirdamageWhenthesmokecleared,theNavycounteditslossesEighteenshipshadbeensunkorbadlydamagedNearlyplaneshadbeendestroyedMorethan,Americanshadbeenkilledandmorethan,wounded(words)UsefulWordsandExpressions:dispatch派遣急件airraid空袭drill军事训练操练PearlHarbor珍珠港GreatDepressionintheUSIn,thebillsstartedtocomeinAmericanindustryhadproducedtoomanygoodsAmericanscouldnotaffordtobuyallofthemSofactorieshadtocutdownontheirproductionManyworkerslosttheirjobsInvestorstriedtogettheirmoneybackButbusinessesdidnothaveenoughmoneytopaythemBankstriedtogettheirmoneybackfrominvestorsButtheinvestorscouldnotpay,eitherToomanypeopleowedmoneyAndfewofthemcouldpaytheirbillsDuringthenextfewyears,businessgotworseandworseBy,banksalloverthecountrywereclosingPeoplewith

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