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首页 [间谍王.戴笠与中国特工.pdf

[间谍王.戴笠与中国特工.pdf

[间谍王.戴笠与中国特工.pdf

上传者: 至爱永恒 2018-01-13 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《[间谍王.戴笠与中国特工pdf》,可适用于领域,主题内容包含SpymasterABOOKThePhilipELilienthalimprinthonorsspecialbooksincommemoration符等。

SpymasterABOOKThePhilipELilienthalimprinthonorsspecialbooksincommemorationofamanwhoseworkattheUniversityofCaliforniaPressfromtowasmarkedbydedicationtoyoungauthorsandtohighstandardsinthefieldofAsianStudiesFriends,family,authors,andfoundationshavetogetherendowedtheLilienthalFund,whichenablesthePresstopublishunderthisimprintselectedbooksinawaythatreflectsthetasteandjudgmentofagreatandbelovededitorSpymasterDaiLiandtheChineseSecretServiceFredericWakemanJrUNIVERSITYOFCALIFORNIAPRESSBerkeleyLosAngelesLondonUniversityofCaliforniaPressBerkeleyandLosAngeles,CaliforniaUniversityofCaliforniaPress,LtdLondon,EnglandcopybyTheRegentsoftheUniversityofCaliforniaLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataWakeman,FredericESpymaster:DaiLiandtheChinesesecretserviceFredericWakeman,JrpcmIncludesbibliographicalreferencesandindexisbnndashndashndash(Cloth:alkpaper)ndashDai,Li,ndashSecretservicemdashChinamdashHistorymdashthcenturyGeneralsmdashChinamdashBiographyITitle:DailiandtheChinesesecretserviceIITitledsdwmdashdcManufacturedintheUnitedStatesofAmericaThepaperusedinthispublicationisbothacidfreeandtotallychlorinefree(TCF)ItmeetstheminimumrequirementsofANSINISOZndash(R)ThepublishergratefullyacknowledgesthegenerouscontributiontothisbookprovidedbythePhilipELilienthalAsianStudiesEndowmentFundoftheUniversityofCaliforniaPressAssociates,whichissupportedbyamajorgiftfromSallyLilienthalHewasawhitefacedman,ratherflatnose,lotsofgoldteethinthefrontofhismouthIfoundoutlaterhehadhisteethknockeddownhisthroatbytheCommunistsinSouthChinaandhehadthemputbackin,ingoldHehaddarkblackhairandwideseteyes,andwhenIusedapairofbinoculars,IrsquodhavetoopenthemuptogivethemtohimsohecouldusethemHewasaboivefeeteightandaverypleasantmangenerally,butwithdelicatehandsandIthoughthewasmdashwell,apansy,thewayIfirstsizedhimupthere,butIfoundoutthathewasaruthlessman,butpersonally,withhimandmelivinginthesameroommuchofthetimewithaninterpreter,becausehedidnrsquotunderstandmdashorIdidnrsquotunderstandhisbrandofChinese,IfoundoutthathewasaverykindpersonandIlikedhimHemighthavebeenaskunkandallthosethingsmdashhemighthavebeenawitchorallofthethingsthattheyaccusedhimofbeing,andanassassin,apoisoner,asaboteurofthefirstwater,butIfoundouthewasagreatmanintheGeneralissimorsquosfieldofvisionandhelikedhimHewastheonlymanthatwasallowedintheGeneralissimorsquosbedroomarmedatanytimeofdayornight,andthatshowedagreatdealoftrustinChina,ifyouknowwhatthatmeansAnyoneelsethatcameeveninGeneralissimorsquosHeadquartersparkedhisgunattheentrancewhenhewentin,butnotDaiLiadmiralmiltonmiles,TalkBeforetheConferenceoftheNewYorkStateAssociationofPoliceChiefs,Schenectady,NewYork,July,contentsacknowledgmentsxiprefacexiiiabbreviationsxviimapsxixImagesofDaiLiLivingofftheLandToubenTheLeagueofTenldquoVigorousPracticerdquo:TheChiangFreemasonryTheFoundingoftheLixingsheTheLixingsheandtheBlueShirtsTheBlueShirtsrsquoldquoFascismrdquoIdeologicalRivalries:TheBlueShirtsandtheldquoCCrdquoCliqueTheBlueShirtsintheProvincesTheShanghaiStation,ndashDeathSquadsAssassinationsPoliceAcademiesSleepinginTheirCoffinsSkirtsandSashesWarandtheSpecialMovementCorpsTheTrainingCampsCodesDaiLi,MiltonMiles,andtheFoundationofSACOSACOTrainingCampsSpyingDaiLirsquosWartimeSmugglingNetworksJuntonginWartimeChongqingFallingStarAfterword:Daemonsappendixaorganizationofthegeneralunitofspecialtrainingappendixborganizationofjuntongheadquarters,ndashappendixctermsofthesinoamericanspecialtechnicalcooperationagreementappendixdsacotrainingunitsnotesbibliographyglossaryindexillustrationsDaiLirsquoshometownBaoanBaoanstreetsceneDaiLi,hisbrotherDaiYunlin,andhissonDaiCangyiLanYuexi,DaiLirsquosmotherDaiLiasayoungmanNationalistgeneralHuZongnanMaoRenfeng,deputydirectorofJuntongandlaterdirectoroftheBureautoPreserveSecretsChiangKaishekrsquosvillaoutsideNanjingChineseBoyScoutsChenLifu,founderoftheCentralStatisticsBureauDaiLiandchildrenatparty,ChristmasDaiLirsquosBaorsquoanmansionSongZiwen(TVSoong),ChiangKaishekrsquosbrotherinlawandministerofforeignaffairsDuYuesheng,leaderoftheGreenGangXiaoBo,deputyChinesemilitaryattacheacuteandDaiLirsquosagentinWashington,DCWartimeChongqingixRearAdmiralMiltonMilesattheendofWWIINationalistChinesecommandoStudentsatUnitNinelearnwhattodoatthesceneofacrimefromexGmanLtCdrCaputoOneofDaiLirsquosprisonsatBaimansioninHappyValleyPanHannianrsquosundergroundCCPheadquartersinShanghaiZhouFohai,presidentofthepuppetgovernmentrsquosExecutiveYuanFragmentofaletterfromGeneralDaiLitoGeneralWilliamDonovan,director,OfficeofStrategicServicesKongXiangxi(HHKung),ministeroffinanceZhengJiemin,DaiLirsquossuccessorasdirectorofJuntongxillustrationsacknowledgmentsSupportfortheresearchthatresultedinthisbookwasprovidedbytheCenterforChineseStudies,theCommitteeonResearch,theInstituteofEastAsianStudies,andtheWalterandEliseHaasChairendowmentatBerkeley,bytheCommitteeonScholarlyCommunicationwiththePeoplersquosRepublicofChina,bytheNationalEndowmentfortheHumanities,andbytheUnitedStatesInformationAgencyIwouldliketoexpressmysinceregratitudetothemanyarchivists,librarians,andscholarswhohelpedmegainaccesstomaterialsattheBancroftLibrary(Berkeley),theBeijingNationalLibrary,theBeijingUniversityLibrary,theBritishLibrary,theBureauofInvestigationArchives(Taiwan),theCambridgeUniversityLibrary,theCenterforChineseStudiesLibrary(Berkeley),theEastAsianLibrary(Columbia),theEastAsiaticLibrary(Berkeley),theGovernmentDocumentsLibrary(Berkeley),theHarvardYenchingInstitute,theHooverInstitutionandArchives,theLibraryofCongress,theMilitaryReferenceDivisionoftheUSNationalArchives,theModernHistoryResearchInstituteLibraryoftheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences,theNewYorkPublicLibrary,thePublicRecordOffice,theSecondNationalArchives(Nanjing),theShanghaiAcademyofSocialSciences,theShanghaiMunicipalArchives,theShanghaiMunicipalLibrary,theWashingtonNavalYard,theWasonCollection(Cornell),andtheYaleUniversityLibraryEspeciallyhelpfulinthisregardwereCaiShaoqing,AnnieKChang,CPChen,thelateChrsquoenLifu,ChrsquoiuJunghua,ChouHanchrsquoin,FengShoucai,SuzanneGold,HanWeizhi,HuSheng,HuangMeizhen,RichardCKagan,thelateLiZongyi,LinBihjaw,MaChanglin,NiMengxiong,AndreaSevetson,ShiMeiding,SunJiang,WangDehua,WangQingcheng,thelateMartinWilbur,WuTiqian,XuYoufang,ZhangZhongli,ZhengZursquoan,ZhuHong,andZhuQingzuoxiResearchassistancewasprovidedbyanumberofpresentandformerChinesehistorygraduatestudentsatBerkeleyTheseincludeDouglasFix,DavidFraser,BlaineGaustad,KennethKoerner,KevinLanddeck,SeungjoonLee,JenlingLiu,KongDanOh,JoshuaRosenzweig,ShangQuan,DouglasStiffler,JeffreyWasserstrom,TimothyWeston,JohnWilliams,XuGuomin,andYuMaochunTwootheryoungscholars,DingLanandLindaLSu,werealsoveryhelpfulJoshuaRosenzweigwasimmenselyeffectiveinthelaststagesofcopyediting,andIcannotthankhimenoughforhisdisciplinedsedulousnessintracingtextsandrunningdowndocumentsIoweagreatdebttomytwoprofessionalresearchassistants:SusanStone,whohelpedcompiletheearliestchaptersofthisbook,andElinorLevine,whoprovidedinvaluableassistancethroughoutwithtables,charts,appendices,miscellaneousresearch,collation,andfinalcompilationofthemanuscriptMycolleagueWenhsinYehfirstintroducedmetoprimarymaterialsonDaiLianddiscoveredthetroveoflettersfromAugustVollmerrsquosChinesecriminologystudentsintheBancroftLibraryFurtherscholarlysuggestionswereprovidedbyShermanCochran,SueFarquhar,BrynaGoodman,ThomasGrunfeld,DavidKahn,BrianMartin,MarciaRistaino,BernardWasserstein,andWuXiaomingMembersoftheBerkeleyEastAsiaSeminar,supportedbytheWangFamilyFoundation,alsocontributedtotherevisionofthebook,especiallytothesectiononwartimecodesIamparticularlygratefultomyfather,FredericWakemanSr,andtoProfessorsChristianHenriot,KennethPomerantz,IrwinScheiner,andHansvandeVenfortheircloseandcarefulreadingofthemanuscriptAboveall,IwishtothankDrLiangHeforhergenerousintellectualandemotionalencouragementHerrenderingofthevolumeinChinesewentfarbeyondasimpletranslationItledherthroughmanyoftheoriginalsourcesanewandcompelledhermorethanoncetomeaningfullychallengemyinterpretationoftheeventsthatfollowxiiacknowledgmentsprefaceDaiLiwasastudentwho,afterall,neveractuallygraduatedfromtheSixthCavalryClassoftheWhampoaAcademyEventhoughhedidnotknowhowtorideahorseverywell,hewasstillextremelyfondofhorsesHisownfacelookedlikeahorsersquosface,especiallybecausehehadanoseinfectionandwasconstantlydrippingmucous,sothathissnifflingstronglyresembledthewayinwhichahorseisconstantlysnortingEachdayhehadtouseatremendousnumberofhandkerchiefsjusttokeephisnosewipedcleanHestronglybelievedinthesaying:ldquoIfapersonrsquosfaceresemblesananimal,thenitisthefaceofaveryimportantandnoblepersonrdquoIfotherpeoplespokeinfrontofhim,comparinghimtoahorse,hedidnottakethisamissInfact,tothecontrary,hewasextremelypleasedLater,thealiasthatheusedwasMaXingjianHorseConstantandRegularConsequently,heregardedhimselfasahorseHeoftensaidthathewaswillingfortherestofhislifetoofferhislaborlikeahoundorhorsequanmazhilaotoChiangKaishekHewascheerfullywillingtoactasahoundorhorseforoneofthemosteviltyrantsinChinesehistory,andtookgreatprideinthisshenzui,ldquoTheDaiLiIKnewrdquoThisisabookaboutanextraordinarysecretpoliceman,asinisterspecteroftheshadowswhoselifeembodiedthetensionintwentiethcenturyChinabetweenmercurialfeudalpersonalismandsteadfastrevolutionarydisciplineAtoncebothaselfconsciousknighterrantandamodernorganizationalgenius,DaiLisoughttocreateanewsubjectivitywithinhimselfbyfashioningaheroicpersonalityfittodominatetheByzantineworldofRepublicanpoliticalintrigueHissubjectivitywasnotmerelyinstrumentalRather,itwasoneamonganumberofnovelprofessionalidentitiesmdashbanker,journalist,lawyer,housewife,officer,actress,doctormdashadoptedbyChinarsquosnewelitesafterthemonarchyfellinThesefreshidentitiesreflectedmanyofthecontinuitiesanddiscontinuitiesinthemakingofxiiimodernChina:theattemptofthestatetosubstituteitselfforthefamily,thespreadofvocationaleducationaftertheoldexaminationsystembrokedown,andtheriseofnewsocialactorstoreplacethescholarofficialswhosefortunesfellwiththedemiseofimperialConfucianismDaiLicamefromonesuchcouche:thebackwaterldquomiddlecountyrdquoeliteswhoasyoungmenleftthesparseshadeoftheirancestralvillagestosetoorthelushcitiesofthecoastinsearchofwealthandpowerThisnewstratumofadolescentSoldiersofOrange,socialorphanssotospeak,hadnoroadmapathandButtheywerefueledbypersonalambitionanddrivenbyasenseofnationalmissionthatsomehowhadaplacefortheirownfrettingdesiresYetwheremanylackedtheenergytocarryoutthatmission,DaiLiwasabletoovercomethedisjuncturebetweenavillagerealmoffacetofacerelationshipsandamoreuniversalarenaofprofessionalimperativesandimpersonalexpertiseBehindtheformerwasthebuttressofhierarchy,astateofmindthatsuffusedDaiLirsquospaternalismtowardhissecretserviceminionsParadoxicallyaugmentingtheimpersonalityofthelatterwereDairsquosextendedpersonalnetworks:fromhishometowninJiangshancountydownrivertotheprovincialcapitalandontoShanghai,Canton,andultimatelyNanjingfromriverjunkstosteamshipsandeventuallyaircraftfromspyingasthecottageindustryoftheheroesofldquoriversandlakesrdquotoespionageasanadvancedindustryofhighlytrainedagentsandelectroniceavesdroppersandfromChinesegangstersandmercenaryalliestoBritishspecialoperativesandAmericanOSScaseofficersThisextensionreflectedinpartanewdivisionbetweenruralandurbanChina,especiallyinthewarfareoftheperiodDaiLifoundhisinitialfootingasasecretservicechiefinChinarsquosurbansettings,whichwereperfectenvironmentsforthekidnappings,tortures,andassassinationshismeninflictedduringtheWhiteTerrorofthesandearlysAtthattime,warlordconflictfocusedonrailroads,rivers,andcitiesButwiththeWarofResistance,thebattlefield,ldquodispersedintermsofspaceandtime,rdquoshiftedfromthecitiestothecountrysideDaiLirsquosurbanopponentsleftthebackalleysofShanghaitoconcentrateonnewmeansofstrifeinthehinterland:popularmobilization,economicwarfare,infiltration,subversion,andpropagandaDaiLaiwelcomedthechange,thoughittookallofhiswillandcunningtoholdthelineagainsttheruralstrategyrsquosCommunistpractitionersAsabrilliantleader,moreover,hehadthecapacitytocontaincontradictionsandonceagain,heovercamethedisjuncturebothbyforceofpersonalityinwrestingcontroloftheNationalistsrsquoruralbrigadesfromhismilitaryrivalsandbymakinglogisticalplanstocontestthecivilwarabouttocomeatthetimeofhisdeathinxivprefaceDaiLirsquosrelianceuponhispersonalisticleadershipstylehadseveralshortcomingsForone,itfrequentlydrewhimintointernecinesquabbleswithNationalistrivalsthatdissipatedhisenergySecond,itfocusedhisdisciplinaryattentiononanexaggeratedmilitarystylethatsuitedChiangKaishekandthathelpedalleviatehisownsenseofinferiorityaroundseasonedmilitarycommanderswhohadthebattlefieldexperiencehelackedThird,itpreventedhimfromdelegatingresponsibilitytohisdeputiesandentrustinginformationtopapermdashtheldquofilesrdquocommontoalltrulymodernintelligenceorganizationsmdashratherthantohisphenomenalmemoryAnd,fourth,itkepthimfromappreciatingthemoretheatrical,ifslovenly,politicalmannerofhismasterrsquosarchenemy,MaoZedongYet,intheend,itwasDaiLirsquosindomitablewillandhabileacumenthatcountedmorethanpoliticalcontingencyorbureaucraticnecessityinbuoyinghimtothecrestofChinarsquospoliticalcurrentsduringthoserevolutionarytimesSocialprocessesandeconomicdevelopmentswillalwaysbethesourceofimportantsecularchange,butpoliticsarenotmerelyepiphenomenalPiouspopulismnotwithstanding,thepersonalitiesofdramaticallypowerfulmenandwomenremainthevitalsubstanceofhistoryasweknowitprefacexvabbreviationsAGFRTSAirandGroundForcesResourcesandTechnicalStaffCBIChinaBurmaIndiaCCPChineseCommunistPartyCCSSChineseCultureStudySocietyCECCentralExecutiveCommitteeCICCommanderinChiefCIDCriminalInvestigationDepartmentCSBCentralStatisticsBureauCYSSChineseYouthStrengthSocietyFAIGForeignAffairsInvestigationGroupGMDGuomindangGPUGosudarstvennoePoliticheskoeUpravlenieJCSJointChiefsofStaffLPALoyalandPatrioticArmyMACMilitaryAffairsCommissionNEPNewEconomicProgramOGPUObrsquoedinennoeGosudarstvennoePoliticheskoeUpravlenieONIOfficeofNavalIntelligenceOSTROfficeofSpecialTechnologicalResearchPIDPoliticalIndoctrinationDepartmentPIOPoliticalIndoctrinationOfficerPRCPeoplersquosRepublicofChinaRACARevolutionaryArmyComradesAssociationRYCARevolutionYouthComradesAssociationSACSEASouthAsia,China,SoutheastAsiaSCRCSocietyofChineseRevolutionaryComradesSISSecretIntelligenceServiceSMPShanghaiMunicipalPoliceSSDSpecialServicesDepartmentxviiKilometerMileXuanwuLakeShanghaiNanjingRailwayYangziRiverQinhuaiRiverSanpailouStDingjiaqiaoStNanjingStationMingtombsSunYatsenrsquosmausoleumZhongshanStZhongshanStZiwuxianStNavalAcademyBritishConsulateUSConsulateJapaneseConsulateNanjingUniversityNationalGovernmentMunicipalCouncilCentralOfficeofGuomindangAirportTaipingmenGateZhongshanmenGateEastChangrsquoanGateJiangdongGateGuanghuamenGateZhonghuamenGateHanjiaLaneFourLaneXihuaGateGoatskinLaneChickenGooseLaneCaoduLaneModelPrisonWhampoaRoadErlangmiaoStZhanyuanRoadNMapNanjing,FRENCHCONCESSIONINTERNATIONALSETTLEMENTHUXI(Badlands)RobisonRoadConnaughtRoadJessfieldRoadGreatWesternRoadAvenueHaigRueLafayetteAvenueJoffreRteStanislasChevalierAvenueRoadFerryRoadAvenueFochWeihaiweiRoadSingaporeRoadBrenanRoadEdinburghRoadYuyuanYuyuenRoadTifengRoadGordonRoadHardoonRoadSeymourRoadRueRatardRoutedeGrochyRueDoumerRuedesSoeursRouteVallonRueMassenetRouteJosephFreacuteluptBubblingWellRoadmilekilometerPoliceStationColumbiaRoadPootooRoadHongqiaoRoadMapShanghai,HuangpuRiverTheBundGreatEasternGateSmallEasternGateNorthGateWestGateSouthGatePublicRecreationGroundShanghaiNanjingRailwayLineNorthRailwayStationFrenchParkGardenBridgeBaolunPaulunHospitalCHINESECITYHONGKOUHONGKEWPUDONGNANDAOZHABEICHAPEILITTLETOKYOAveDubailRueWagnerAvenueEdwardVIIRueduConsulatGuangzhouCantonRoadFuzhouHankouHank#ouRoadNanjingNankingRoadZhejiangChekiangRdBeijingPekingRoadHainingHainingRoadBooneRoadLiyuanLiyuenRoadRueChapsalRueAdmiralBayleRueAugusteBoppeRteVoyronRueEugeneBardRueLagreneRteRueKraetzerWeikweiWeiguiRoadRuePalikaoRueLaguerreJiujiangChiuchiangRoadBurkillRdYunnanRoadLloydRdFujianFuchienRoadTianjinTientsinRoadJingkeeRdShanxiShanhsiRoadAlabasterRdGuangxiRoadShandongShantungRdWenzhouWenchouRdFuchouRoadSichuanSzechuanRoadVoisinBoulevarddeMontignyMohawkRoadJukongChuumlkungRoadWardRoadJIANGSUANHUIFUJIANZHEJIANGJIANGXIQiantangRiverHangzhouBayLakeTaiPoyangLakeEASTCHINASEAKUOCANGMTNSTIANTAIMTNSWUYIMTNSHuangshanMountainXin#anRiverCaoeRiverOuRiverTIANMUMTNSMiKmChangJiangRiverShanghaiSuzhouWuxiNanjingJiangshanNanchangLushanJiujiangBaorsquoanPuchengHangzhouShaoxingNingboWenzhouTaizhouXIANXIALINGNMapSouthernChinaChapterImagesofDaiLiIrose,andtheHatchetManbowed,whileLingperformedthecustomaryelaborateintroductionHewasdressedintheblueblackhighcollareduniformoftheParty,perhapsforty,gimleteyed,andofmediumstatureheworehisunrulyhaircoreignstyleandpartedatthesideHecarriedhimselfwiththeairofonewhohaspowerandusesitintelligentlyandruthlesslyThathewasthemostfearedmaninChinaIcouldwellbelieveherbertyardley,TheChineseBlackChamber,THEHIMMLEROFCHINAOneforeignjournalistlaterrecalledDaiLiasafacelessfellow,alwaysshroudedintheshadowsoftheroomwhileotherswereopenlyholdingforthYetDaiLimadeastrongifmotleyimpressionuponthefewWesternerswhomethimduringhisapogeeduringthePacificWarItwassaidofhimthatldquonofigureinWorldWarIIismoreblack,seenfromonesidemorewhiteviewedfromtheotherrdquoVirtuallyallwerestruckbytheacuityofhisgazeldquoDaiLiisofmediumheightandwellbuilt,ruggedlookingandstrong,withacrispmilitarymannerHehaswelldefinedfeatures,sharpeyeswithadirectglance,andafirm,determinedmouth,rdquosaidanOSSagentworkingbehindenemylinesunderDaiLirsquosguidanceldquoHewasahandsome,slendermanwithtinybeautifulhands,rdquowroteanAmericanmilitaryofficerbornofparentswhoweremissionariesinChinaldquoHewalkedasifhehadaramrodforaspineHehadastrong,longstrideliketheexaggeratedstrideoftheheroinaChinesetheaterHehadasharp,appraisingeyewhichseemedtotakeinamanrsquosfeaturesandhischaracterforfuturereferencerdquoTomostforeignersinChinaduringthes,DaiLiwasalegendaryfigure,widelythoughttobeldquonottheAdmiralCanarisofChina,buttheHeinrichHimmlerrdquoOliverCaldwellwritesthatldquoDaiLiimpressedoneasbrilliant,imaginative,ruthless,andunscrupulousHewastheHimmlerofNationalistChinaHewastheenemyofalmosteveryidealofAmericandemocracyHetriedtounifyChinaunderChiangbyenforcingironcontrolHewascold,crafty,andbrutalrdquoTheNaziSSchiefrsquoslabelwasnoteasytoshed,andWesternerswhootherwisecalledhimldquoTLrdquoforshortoftenreferredtoDaiLiasldquoChinarsquosHimmlerrdquoWithinUSgovernmentintelligencecirclesatthattime,mostofficersbelievedldquothatGeneralDaiLiwaswellknownasanassassinthathewastheheadofaGestapolikeorganizationwhichwasknown,inShanghaiatleast,asthelsquoBlueShirtsrsquothatheranhisownconcentrationcampforpoliticalenemiesthathedidnrsquotlikeforeigners,andthatfewofthemhadevermethimrdquoDaiLihimselfknewofthissobriquet,andonmorethanoneoccasionhesoughttopersuadehisAmericanfriendsthathestoodfordemocracyOnApril,,ChiangKaishekreviewedtheldquocracktroopsrdquooftheSinoAmericanCooperativeOrganizationrsquos(SACO)UnitNine,whichwaslocatedinldquoHappyValleyrdquo(Geleshan),outsideChongqingThateveningasplendidbanquetwasserved,washeddownwithtwohundredc

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