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首页 2014华师词汇学练习测试题库

2014华师词汇学练习测试题库.doc

2014华师词汇学练习测试题库

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2018-08-03 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《2014华师词汇学练习测试题库doc》,可适用于领域

试题种类:单项选择题干:Functionalwordsare选项:adverbs,prepositions,conjunctionsadjective,nouns,articlesarticles,prepositions,conjunctionsverbs,pronouns,prepositions答案:题干:TheNormanConqueststartedacontinualflowofFrenchwordsintoEnglishofthemarestillinusetoday选项:EightyfivepercentFiftysixpercentSeventytwopercentSeventyfivepercent答案:题干:Stylisticmeaningmaybedefinedasthefeatureofofwords选项:formalityaffectivenessappropriatenesspartofspeech答案:题干:Nonbasicvocabularyincludes选项:argotandjargonarchaismsandneologismstechnicaltermsalltheabove答案:题干:Ofthefivecharacteristicslistedforthebasicwordstock,themostimportantis选项:allnationalcharacterproductivitypolysemycollocability答案:题干:WhichofthefollowingisNOTtrue选项:AwordisthesmallestformofalangueAwordisasoundunityAwordhasagivenmeaningAwordcanbeusedfreelyinasentence答案:题干:WhichofthefollowingisNOTstudiedinsemantics选项:polysemylanguagefamilyambiguitycomplementaries答案:题干:Thehyponymsoflsquovegetablersquoare选项:banana,pear,jampear,apple,bananacucumber,celery,peastree,pine,elm答案:题干:Thediscreteunitswhichrealizemorphemesareknownas选项:allomorphsphonemesmorphslexis答案:题干:isawordformationprocessbywhichawordischangedfromonewordclassintoanotherwithoutthechangeofform选项:BlendingAffixationBackformationConversion答案:题干:ThefirstmonolingualEnglishdictionarywascompiledin选项:答案:题干:ldquoFailureisthemotherofsuccessrdquoIsanexampleof选项:euphemismpersonificationmetonymymetaphor答案:题干:ldquochildmdashparentrdquoareantonyms选项:rootderivativerelativecomplementary答案:题干:Thewordldquowaterrdquoismotivated选项:phoneticallysemanticallymorphologicallynon答案:题干:ldquoGivesomebodyaninchandhersquolltakeamilerdquoisa选项:sentenceidiomproverbclauseidiombothAandB答案:题干:Narrowingexcludes选项:changefrommaterialnounstocommonnounschangefromcommonnounstopropernounswordsshortenedfromphrasestoretainthemeaningofthewholeforeconomychangefromspecificmeaningstogeneralmeanings答案:题干:Accordingtotheidiomaticityofidioms,idiomsinclude选项:trueidiomssemiidiomsregularcombinationsalltheabove答案:题干:Motelisaanis选项:blendclippedwordinitialismacronym答案:题干:ldquosowrdquo(toplantseedsontheground)andldquosowrdquo(fullygrownfemalepig)arecalled选项:Homophoneshomographsperfecthomonymsacronyms答案:题干:ldquodierdquoandldquopassawayrdquoaresynonymsTheydifferin选项:connotativemeaningemotivemeaningstylisticmeaningalltheabove答案:题干:Hersquosnice,buthehasnrsquotmuchbrain选项:SimilemetaphorMetonymysynecdoche答案:题干:Whichofthefollowingisnotassociativemeaning选项:collocativemeaningstylisticmeaningaffectivemeaningprimarymeaning答案:题干:OnebillionisinBritishEnglish选项:,,,,,,,,,,,,,,答案:题干:Themorphemeldquosrdquoinldquodesksrdquoismorpheme选项:derivationalfreeinflectionalroot答案:题干:arecontraryterms选项:deadaliveparentchildsinglemarriedlikedislike答案:none题干:ThefirstpeopleknowntoinhabittheBritishIsleswereTheirlanguagesweredialectsofstillanotherbranchoftheIndoEuropeanLanguageFamily选项:GermanGermanicCeltsCelticItalianItalicSwedenSwedish答案:题干:ThemodesofmodemEnglishvocabularygrowthroughthreemajorchannels:,semanticchangeand选项:exchangelendingderivationborrowingcreationborrowingaffixationcreation答案:题干:Conversionisamethodof选项:turningwordsofonepartofspeechintothoseofadifferentpartofspeechconvertingwordsofonemeaningintothoseofadifferentmeaningderivingwordsbygrammaticalmeanschangingwordsinmorphologicalstructure答案:题干:Backformationisconsideredtobetheoppositeprocessof选项:prefixationsuffixationacronymyconversion答案:题干:AssociativemeaningisNOTaffectedby选项:experienceculturelanguageeducation答案:题干:Wordsmainlyinvolvedinconversionare选项:nouns,verbsandadverbsnouns,adjectivesandverbsnouns,prepositionsandverbsadjectives,adverbsandverbs答案:题干:Thewordldquoneckrdquointhephraseldquotheneckofthebottlerdquoisrelatedto选项:onomatopoeicmotivationsemanticmotivationmorphologicalmotivationetymologicalmotivation答案:题干:Nounsconvertedfromadjectiveshaveallthecharacteristicsofnounsandachieveafullnounstatus,thusknownas选项:partialconversionfullconversionfunctionalshiftgrammaticalshift答案:题干:ModernEnglishbeganwiththeestablishmentofinEngland选项:printingBourgeoisRevolutionIndustrialRevolutionRenaissanceTime答案:题干:Whichofthefollowingwordisformedbyclipping选项:kghifiTVdorm答案:题干:Coumoundingisalsocalled选项:acronymyderivationcompositionconversion答案:题干:Thederivationalprocess,inwhichanitemisconvertedtoanewwordclasswithouttheadditionofanaffix,iscalled选项:fullconversionpartialconversionfunctionalshift  zeroderivation答案:题干:Backformationisthemethodofcreatingwordsbythesupposedsuffixes选项:removing shortening adding  writing答案:题干:Collocationcanaffectthe 选项:themeaningofwordsthestructureofthesentencesthespellingofwordsthefunctionofthewords答案:题干:Extensionofmeaningisalsoknownas选项:elevationtransfergeneralizationspecialization答案:题干:Connotativemeaningisunstable,varyingconsiderablyaccordingto 选项:culturehistoricalperiodtheexperienceoftheindividualalltheabove答案:题干:Grammaticalmeaningrefersto选项:partofspeechtensesingualrandpluralmeaningalltheabove答案:题干:TherearetwomainapproachestothestudyofEnglishwordsnamely选项:descriptiveandprescriptivesynchronicanddiachronicspokenandwrittencompetenceandperformance答案:题干:Wordsidenticalonlyinspellingbutdifferentinsoundandmeaningare选项:HomographsPerfecthomonymsHomophonesSynonymy答案:题干:AIDSisawordof选项:blendinitialismacronymclipping答案:题干:ThegeneralestimateofthepresentdayEnglishvocabularyisover选项:,,,,,,答案:题干:Compositionandcompoundingare选项:nearsynonymshomonymsrelativesynonymabsolutesynonym答案:题干:aremedium-sizeddictionaries选项:DeskdictionariesUnabridgeddictionariesMonolingualdictionariesBilingualdictionaries答案:题干:PaperintodayrsquospapermeansnewspaperItsmeaningisdeterminedbythe选项:nonlinguisticcontextextracontextgrammaticalcontextlexicalcontext答案:题干:Degradationofmeaningistheoppositeofsemantic选项:narrowingelevationtransferexpansion答案:题干:TheoldmeaningofliquorisliquidButnowitmeansalcoholicdrinkItisaprocessof选项:degradationextensionelevationnarrowing答案:题干:Conceptualmeaningisalsoknownas选项:denotativemeaningcollocativemeaninglexicalmeaningconnotativemeaning答案:题干:Thewordldquoreadinglamprdquoismotivated选项:phoneticallysemanticallymorphologicallynon答案:题干:Bymeansof,aspeakerindicateswhichthingsintheworld(includingpersons)arebeingtalkedabout选项:conceptreferencesensesymbol答案:题干:Thewordldquolaw-abidingrdquoisa选项:verbcompoundadjectivecompoundadvervbcompoundnouncompound答案:题干:ldquo-fyrdquoisasuffix选项:nounverbadverbadjective答案:题干:Thewordldquorecollectionrdquohasmorphemes选项:答案:题干:Theminimalmeaningfulunitisknownas选项:morphemesphonemeswordsallomorphs答案:题干:Itisassumedthattheworldhasapproximately,(someputit,)languages,whichcanbegroupedintoroughlylanguagefamiliesonthebasisofsimilaritiesintheirbasicwordstockandgrammar选项:答案:题干:Wordsmayfallintoandbynotion选项:basicwordstock,nonbasicvocabularycontentwords,functionalwordsnativewords,borrowedwordsspeakingwords,writtenwords答案:题干:arewordsborrowedearlyinthepastandnowarewellassimilatedintotheEnglishlanguage选项:DenizensAliensTranslationsloansSemanticloans答案:题干:OldEnglishhasavocabularyofabouttowords选项:,,,,,,,,,,,,答案:题干:Theminimalmeaningfulunitsareknownas选项:allomorphsfreemorphemesmorphemeswords答案:题干:Theform-rsquosinthemanrsquosroleisa选项:boundrootprefixsuffixinflectionalaffix答案:题干:Aisthatpartofawordformthatremainswhenallinflectionalandderivationalaffixeshavebeenremoved选项:rootstemmorphemeaffix答案:题干:istheformationofnewwordsbyjoiningtwoormorestems选项:affixationblendingconversioncompounding答案:题干:Whichofthefollowingwordisformedbyprefixation选项:withoutdislikedarkenpass答案:题干:Theformationofnewwordsbyconvertingwordsofoneclasstoanotherclassiscalled选项:clippingcompoundingconversionacronymy答案:题干:Themostproductiveconversionistheconversionthattakesplacebetweenand选项:nouns,verbsajectives,nounsadjectives,verbsverbs,adverbs答案:题干:Theformationofnewwordsbycombiningpartsoftwowordsorawordplusapartofanotherwordis选项:blendingcompounding,affixationclipping答案:题干:Thewordworkfareisablendformedby选项:headtailheadheadheadwordwordtail答案:题干:Theworddiscoisformedby选项:acronymyclippingblendingcompounding答案:题干:Thespeakerrsquosattitudetowardsthepersonorthinginquestionisknownas选项:connotativemeaningstylisticmeaningaffectivemeaningcollocativemeaning答案:题干:Thewordgreenhornismotivated选项:semanticallymorphologicallyetymologicallynon答案:题干:aregenerallydefinedaswordsdifferentinmeaningbuteitheridenticalbothinsoundandspellingoridenticalonlyinsoundorspelling选项:PolysemantsSynonymsHomonymsHyponyms答案:题干:Policemanandconstablearedifferentin选项:denotationconnotationapplicationcollocativemeaning答案:题干:referstotheprocessbywhichwordsrisefromhumblebeginnignstopositionsofimportance选项:ExtensionNarrowingElevationDegradation答案:题干:Therelationshipbetweenflowerandtulipis选项:Homonymysynonymypolysemyhyponymy答案:题干:Insomecases,themeaningofawordmaybeinfluencedbythestructureinwhichitoccursThisiswhatwecallcontext选项:lexicallinguisticgrammaticalextralinguistic答案:题干:Theidiomroughandreadyhasused选项:alliterationrepetionsimileeuphemism答案:题干:Completethefollowingidiom:nownever选项:andtoorafter答案:none题干:ThetranslationoftheidiomThepotcallsthecattleblackintoChinesemaybe选项:闻言知人入乡随俗不可以貌取人五十步笑百步答案:题干:Unabridgeddictionariesshouldbelargeinscopeandsize,containingatleastheadwords选项:,,,,答案:题干:Ifonewishestoexpressacertainideabutdoesnotknowtheword,thebestsourceisa选项:dictionaryofusagedictinaryofsynonymsencyclopedicdictionarythesaurus答案:题干:WhichofthegroupsareallwordsofAmericanspellings选项:draft,jail,fulfildraft,gaol,fulfildraught,gaol,fulfilldraught,jail,fulfill答案:题干:AChineseEnglishDictionaryisadictionary选项:monolingualbilingualpocketunabridged答案:题干:ThetypeoftransferthatthewordgrowthsinldquoNailsarethingrowthsattheendsofthefingersrdquohasexperiencedis选项:associatedtransferconcretetoabstractabstracttoconcretetransferofsensation答案:题干:TheoldmeaningofjournalisdailypaperButnowitmeansperiodicalThenitsmeaninghasexperienced选项:degradationelevationnarrowingextension答案:题干:TheoldmeaningofsillyishappyButnowitmeansfoolishThenitsmeaninghasexperienced选项:extensionnarrowingelevationdegradation答案:题干:Dearanddeerare选项:homographshomophonesperfecthomonymspolysemants答案:试题种类:判断题回顶部题干:Awordcanbedefinedindifferentwaysfromdifferentpointsofview答案:true题干:Thewordsapersoncanuseinspeakingandwritingformhisactivevocabulary答案:true题干:BorrowinghasbroughtmostsynonymstotheEnglishlanguage答案:true题干:Awordwhichhasasynonymnaturallyhasanantonym答案:false题干:Contentwordsarenumerousandmorefrequentlyusedthanfunctionalwordsonaverage答案:false题干:Thecharacteristicsofthebasicwordstockincludeallnationalcharacter,denizensandproductivity答案:false题干:DuringtheMiddleEnglishperiod,Celtic,LatinandEnglishexistedsidebyside答案:false题干:Inadequatecontextisoftenthecauseofambiguity答案:true题干:Thewaytodifferentiatehomonymsfrompolysemantsismainlytoseetheiroriginsaswellassenserelatedness答案:true题干:Insomepairsofantonyms,onetermmaycoverthemeaningoftheotherword答案:true题干:Aliensarewordsofthenativeelement答案:false题干:DenizensarewordswhichwereborrowedfromotherlanguagesbutlaterbecameassimilatedintotheEnglishlanguage答案:true题干:Inflectionalaffixesaregrammaticalmarkers答案:true题干:Conceptandsensemeanthesameandthusareinterchangeable答案:false题干:Referencereferstotherelationshipbetweenthelinguisticsymbolsandtheobjectiveworld答案:true题干:Contradictorytermsarenongradable答案:true题干:Acronymsarewordsofinitialletterswhicharepronouncedascommonwords答案:true题干:Grammaticalmeaningreferstopartofspeech,tensesofverbs,stylisticfeaturesofwordsandsoon答案:false题干:Halfconvertedadjectivesareusedascommonnounswhilefullconvertedonesstillretainadjectivefeatures答案:false题干:Affectivemeaningindicatestheattitudeoftheuser,whetherpositiveornegative答案:true题干:Theconnotativemeaningisalsoknownasconnotations,whicharegenerallyfoundinthedictionary答案:false题干:Prefixesdonotgenerallychangepartofspeechwhereassuffixesdo答案:true题干:Inmoderntimes,vocabularydevelopsmainlybymeansofchangingmeaningsofoldwords答案:false题干:OldEnglishwasahighlyinflectedlanguage答案:true题干:Afreemorphemeisamorphemethatcanstandalone答案:true题干:Homonymscomemainlyfromborrowingmdashthemostimportantsource答案:false题干:MiddleEnglishlastedformorethanfourhundredyears答案:false题干:OldEnglishreferstothelanguageusedbetweenand答案:false题干:Extralinguisticcontextreferstothephysicalsituationorculturalbackground答案:true题干:Thesuperordinatediffersfromthesubordinateinthattheformercoverstheconceptofthelatter答案:true题干:Compoundingistheprocessofcreatingnewwordsbycombiningaffixesandbases答案:false题干:Hyponymydealswiththerelationshipofsemanticinclusion答案:true题干:Inanaturallanguage,mostwordsarenonmotivated答案:true题干:Lexicalcontextreferstothewordsthatappearonlybeforethelexicaliteminquestion答案:false题干:Aformtowhichanaffixofanykindcanbeaddediscalledastem答案:true题干:Freemorphemesaremorphemeswhichalonecanbeusedaswords答案:true题干:Contextgivesapolysemicwordadefinitemeaning答案:true题干:Whatremainsofawordaftertheremovalofallaffixesisastem答案:false题干:Motivationexplainswhyaparticularwordofalanguagehasaparticularmeaning答案:true题干:ByoriginEnglishismorecloselyrelatedtoGermanthantoFrench答案:true题干:Unlikeconceptualmeaning,associativemeaningisunstableandindeterminate答案:true题干:Idiomsaresetphraseswhosemeaningisoftendifficultorimpossibletoinferfromtheconstituentwords答案:true题干:Inthephraseldquothetonguesoffirerdquo,thewordfireissemanticallymotivated答案:false题干:Homographsarewordsidenticalinformbutdifferentinpronunciation答案:true题干:Themeaningofawordwhichisetymologicallymotivatediscloselyrelatedtoitsorigin答案:true题干:Theresultofthehumancognitionoftheobjectiveworldiscalledconcept答案:true题干:Dictionariesinwhichwordsareexplainedinthesamelanguagearecalledmonolingualdictionaries答案:true题干:Smallsizeddictionariesarecalledpocketdictionaries,whicharedesignedonlyforbeginners答案:false题干:Nonlinguisticcontextreferstocontextofsituation,cultureandstyle答案:false题干:Wordmeaningisgenerallyunderstoodwithoutcontext答案:true题干:ScandinavianlanguagesrefertoIcelandic,Norwegian,DanishandSwedish答案:true题干:OldEnglishwasahighlyinflectedlanguage答案:true题干:ThefourmajorforeigncontributorstoEnglishvocabularyinearliertimesareLatin,French,ScandinavianandItalian答案:false题干:MiddleEnglishabsorbedatremendousnumberofforeignwordsbutwithlittlechangeinwordendings答案:false题干:Compoundsarewordsformedbycombiningaffixesandstems答案:false题干:Opencompoundslooklikefreephrasesastheelementsformingeachwordarewrittenseparately答案:true题干:Asarule,thestressofcompoundsfallsonthefirstelement答案:true题干:Themeaningofacompoundisusuallythecombinationofthestems答案:false题干:Acompoundfunctionsasasinglegrammaticalunit,sotheinternalstructurecannotbechanged答案:true题干:Analternativeforconversionisfunctionalshift答案:true题干:Suchwordsasthepoor,thedeparted,aRepublicanareallexamplesofpartialconversion答案:false题干:Partialconversionandfullconversionareconcernedwithadjectiveswhenconvertedtonouns答案:true题干:Theconversionbetweennounsandverbsmayinvolveachangeofstress答案:true题干:Collocationcanaffectthemeaningofwords答案:true题干:Perfecthomonymssharethesamespellingandpronunciation答案:true题干:Mosthomonymsarewordsthatarethesameinspelling,butdifferinsoundandmeaning答案:false题干:Homonymsarewordswhosemeaningsarecloselyrelated答案:false题干:Synonymsareidenticalindenotationbutonlydifferentinstyleandaffection答案:false题干:Themajordifferencebetweenunlikedissimilar,homelydomesticisstylisticandthatbetweenblacknigger,determinedpigheadedisaffective答案:true题干:Intheactualcontext,thewordswhicharequitedifferentindictionarymeaningcanformsynonyms答案:true题干:Ifthewordsdifferinrangeandintensityofmeaning,thewordsarenotidenticalindenotation答案:true题干:Tochoosetherightsynonymsingroup,weshouldfindoutthedifferenceinconceptualmeaning,incolouringandinusage答案:true题干:Wordswhichhaveoppositemeaningsarecalledantonyms答案:true题干:Contradictorytermsdonotshowdegrees答案:true题干:Contrarytermsarenongradableandallowintermediatemembersinbetween答案:false题干:Theunmarkedtermofanantonymouspairoftencoversthemeaningofthemarked答案:true题干:Relativetermsarerelationalopposites,whichincludeverbsreversingtheactionofeachother答案:true题干:Antonymsshouldbeoppositesofsimilarintensity答案:true题干:Anidiomcontainsatleasttwowords答案:true题干:Idiomsarefixedinstructureandsocanneverbechanged答案:false题干:Idiomsareusuallydifficulttounderstandbecausethemeaningsofidiomsarenotinmanycasesthetotalofindividualwords答案:true题干:Someidiomsdenyanalysisintermsofgrammar答案:true题干:Allidiomsareusedintheirfigurativesenses答案:true题干:Sinceeachidiomisasemanticwhole,eachcanbereplacedbyasingleword答案:false题干:Semanticunityandstructuralstabilityaregeneralfeaturesofidioms,buttherearemanyexceptions答案:true题干:concatenationisasemanticprocessinwhichtheprimarymeaningstandsatthecentreandthesecondarymeaningsproceedoutofitineverydirectionlikerays答案:false题干:Synchronically,polysemyisviewedasthecoexistenceofvariousmeaningsofthesamewordinacertainhistoricalperiodoftime答案:true题干:Fromthesynchronicpointofview,polysemyisassumedtobetheresultofgrowthanddevelopmentofthesemanticstructureofoneandsameword答案:false题干:Intheidiomfromcradletograve,synecdocheisused答案:false题干:Insomecases,themeaningsofawordmaybeinfluencedbythestructureinwhichitoccursThisiswhatwecalllexicalcontext答案:false试题种类:填空题题干:wordsdenoteclearnotionsandthusareknownaswords答案:Content,notional题干:Archaismsarewordsnolongerinuseorinuse答案:common,obsolete题干:Wordsthathaveemotivevaluesmayfallintotwocategoriesor答案:appreciative,pejorative题干:ThelanguageusedbetweenandiscalledOldEnglish,whichhasavocabularyof答案:,题干:Themajormeansofwordformationare,conversionand答案:affixationcompounding题干:ThethreemainforeignlanguagesthathaveaffectedtheEnglishvocabularymostare,Greekand答案:LatinFrench题干:Affixation,alsocalled,istheformationofnewwordsbyaddingtostems答案:derivationaffixes题干:Generallyspeaking,donotchangepartofspeechofthestemsbuttheirmeaning,whereasdo答案:prefixessuffixes题干:HyponymydealswiththerelationofsemanticinclusionThegeneraltermisandthespecifictermsare答案:superordinatesubordinate题干:wordsenjoyafrequencyinusethancontentwords答案:functional,higher题干:Thereisnointrinsicrelationshipbetweensoundandastheconnectionbetweenthemisandconventional答案:meaning,arbitrary题干:Extens

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