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首页 小升初英语总复习

小升初英语总复习.doc

小升初英语总复习

圆圆慧敏
2017-06-12 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《小升初英语总复习doc》,可适用于领域

小升初英语总复习一、名词表示某一事物有具体的和抽象的之分。分为可数名词和不可数名词。强调:不可数名词都默认为单数所以总是用is或者was最好不要根据some、any、alotof等词去作判断以免受误导。、可数名词如何变ldquo复数形式rdquo:a.一般情况下直接加s如:bookbooks,bagbags,catcats,bedbeds读音:清辅音后读s浊辅音和元音后读z。b.以sxshch结尾加es如:busbuses,boxboxes,brushbrushes,watchwatches读音:iz。c.以ldquo辅音字母yrdquo结尾变y为i,再加es如:familyfamilies,strawberrystrawberries读音:z。d.以ldquof或ferdquo结尾变f或fe为v,再加es如:knifeknivesthiefthieves读音:z。e.以ldquoordquo结尾的词分两种情况)有生命的es读音:z如:mangomangoestomatotomatoesheroheroes)无生命的s读音:z如:photophotosradioradiosf不规则名词复数:manmen,womanwomen,policemanpolicemen,policewomanpolicewomen,snowmansnowmen,mousemice,childchildren,footfeet,toothteeth,fishfish,peoplepeople,ChineseChinese,JapaneseJapanese、不可数名词没有复数。如果要计算不可数名词所表达的数量就得在数词和不可数名词之间加上ldquo量词ofrdquo。例如:aglassofwater,apieceofpaper,abottleofjuice判断步骤:↗如是am、is或was原形读句子读该单词认识该单词理解意思看be动词如是are或were加s或es练一练:、写出下列各词的复数。Ihimthisherwatchmangochildphotodiarydayfootdresstoothsheepboxstrawberrythiefengineerpeachsandwichmanwomanleafpeople、用所给名词的正确形式填空。)Aretheretwo(box)onthetable)Icanseesome(people)inthecinema)Howmany(day)arethereinaweek)Herersquorefive(bottle)of(juice)foryou)This(violin)ishersThose(grape)areoverthere二、冠词冠词是一种虚词不能独立使用通常放在名词的前面分为ldquo不定冠词rdquo和ldquo定冠词rdquo两种。、不定冠词:a、an。用在单数名词前表示ldquo一个一件rdquo。an用在以元音ldquo音素rdquo开头的单词前。如:anemail,anorange,anoldman,anEnglishwatch,anhour、定冠词:the。用在单数或者复数名词前。the没有具体意思有时翻译为这、那。它的基本用法:)用来表示特指某些)人或某些)事物。如:Themaponthewallisnew)表示说话者双方都知道的人或事物。如:Lookatthepicture,please)表示再次提到前面谈过的人或事物。如:ThisisastampThestampisbeautiful)用在表示世界上独一无二的事物前。如:thesun太阳themoon月亮theearth地球)用在由普通名词构成的专有名词前。如:theGreatWall长城)用在江河、湖海等专有名词前。如:theChangjiangRiver长江)此外序数词、形容词最高级、乐器名称等词前面和一些习惯用语中一般都用定冠词the。如:thefirstday,thebestboy,playthepiano,inthesameclass确定用a、an还是the时可根据汉语意思。练一练:、用a或an填空。​​ldquoUrdquoicecreamgoalkeeperteapotappleofficeEnglishbookumbrellaunithour、根据需要填写冠词aan或the。)Whoisgirlbehindtree)oldmanhastwochildren,sonanddaughter)ThisisorangeorangeisLucyrsquos)HelikesplayingguitarWehavesamehobby)WeallhadgoodtimelastSunday)Shewantstobedoctor数词我们学过两类:基数词和序数词。基数用于表示数量多少而基数词用于表示次序常在日期中出现。区别:基数词前面没有ldquotherdquo序数词前一定要有ldquotherdquo。、超过二十以上的两位数需要在个位和十位之间加上ldquordquo。如:twentyone、三位数以上的则需要在百位数后再加上and。如:aonehundredandone、用基数词来修饰可数名词时一定别忘了它的复数形式。如:十八个男孩eighteenboys、用基数词修饰不可数名词时如是复数变它的量词为复数。如:两碗米饭twobowlsofrice、序数词一般加ldquothrdquo特殊的有:first,second,third,fifth,eighth,ninth,twelfth以及二十及二十以外的整十:twentieth,thirtieth,fortiethldquo第几十几rdquo:前面整十不变后面ldquo几rdquo改为序数词。如:eightyeighth练一练:、请翻译下列短语。)名学生)本英语书)九杯凉水)个孩子)月)月日)第九周)年前))上学第一天、把下列基数词改成序数词。onetwothreeninefourteentwentythirtyfiveeightyone四、代词代词有两种:人称代词和物主代词。、人称代词分为:第一、第二、第三人称且有单复数之分。、人称代词的主格在句中做主语一般用在动词前疑问句除外)宾格在句中做宾语多用于动词、介词后。、形容词性物主代词起形容词的作用后面一定要跟名词表示该名词是属于谁的。、名词性物主代词=形容词性物主代词名词。如:Thisismybag=ThisismineThatisherruler=Thatishers一般看后面有没有名词如有就用形容词性物主代词如无就用名词性物主代词。请牢记下表: 单数 复数人称代词主格Iyouhesheit weyouthey宾格meyouhimheritusyouthem物主代词形容词性myyourhisheritsouryourtheir名词性mineyourshishersitsoursyourstheirs练一练:、按要求写出相应人称代词。I宾格)she形容词性物主代词)we名词性物主代词)he复数)us单数)theirs主格)its宾格)、想一想把下表补充完整。人称代词物主代词单数复数单数复数主格宾格主格宾格形容词性名词性形容词性名词性第一人称meusour第二人称youyou第三人称hethemhistheirheritits、用所给词的适当形式填空。)ThatisnotkiteThatkiteisverysmall,butisverybig(I))ThedressisGiveitto(she))Isthiswatch(you)No,itrsquosnot(I))ismybrothernameisJackLook!Thosestampsare(he))dressesarered(we)Whatcolourare(you))Showyourkite,OK(they))IhaveabeautifulcatnameisMimiThesecakesare(it))AretheseticketsNo,arenotarenrsquothere(they))ShallhavealookatthatclassroomThatisclassroom(we))ismyauntDoyouknowjobisanurse(she))WhereareIcanrsquotfindLetrsquoscallparents(they))Donrsquottouchisnotacat,isatiger!(it))sisterisillPleasegoandsee(she))Thegirlbehindisourfriend(she)五、形容词、副词、形容词表示某一事物或人的特征副词表示某一动作的特征。形容词和副词有三种形式:原形、比较级、最高级。比较级:er最高级:theest两个重要特征:asas中间一定用原形than的前面一定要er。、形容词、副词比较级的规则变化如下:)一般直接er。如:talltaller,fastfaster单音节词如果以e结尾只加r。如:latelater)重读闭音节词如末尾只有一个辅音字母须双写这个字母再加er。如:bigbigger,fatfatter)以辅音字母加y结尾的词变y为i再加er。如:heavyheavier,earlyearlier)双音节和多音节词的比较级应在原级前加more构成。如:beautifulmorebeautiful,carefulmorecareful,quietlymorequietly,interestingmoreinteresting)有些不规则变化的须逐一加以记忆。如:goodwellndashbetter,badillndashworse,manymuchndashmore,farndashfartherfurther,oldndasholderelder练一练:、写出下列形容词、副词的比较级。biggoodlongtalloldshortthinheavyyoungfatlightstronghighfarlowearlylatewellfastslow、用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。)Icanswimas(fast)asthefish,Ithink)Look!Hishandsare(big)thanmine)Ithinkyoudothesethings(well)thanyourclassmates)Whosebagis(heavy),yoursormine)DoesJimrunasslow)asDavidYes,butMikeruns(slow)thanthem)Youhavesevenbooks,butIhave(many)thanyouIhaveten)Ijump(far)thansomeoftheboysinmyclass)Irsquomvery(thin),butshersquos(thin)thanme)Itgetsand(warm)whenspringcomeshere六、介词、一种虚词。不能单独作句子成分它只有跟它后面的宾语一起构成介词短语才能在句子中起作用。有:in,on,under,with,behind,about,near,before,after,for,to,up,down,from,infrontof,outof,fromto,atthebackof、表示时间的介词有:at,on,in。)at表示ldquo在某一个具体的时间点上rdquo或用在固定词组中。如:attenorsquoclock,at:am,atnight,attheweekend)on表示ldquo在某日或某日的时间段rdquo。如:onFriday,onthefirstofOctober,onMondaymorning)in表示ldquo在某一段时间月份、季节)里rdquo。如:intheafternoon,inSeptember,insummer,in、in一词还有其他的固定搭配如:inblue穿着蓝色的衣服)inEnglish用英语表达)takepartin参加)。练一练:、选用括号内恰当的介词填空。)Whatrsquosthis(at,on,in)English)Christmasis(at,on,in)thethofDecember)Theman(with,on,in)blackisSuHairsquosfather)Hedoesnrsquotdowell(at,on,in)PE)Lookatthosebirds(on,in)thetree)Wearegoingtomeet(at,on,in)thebusstop(at,on,in)halfpastten)Isthereacat(under,behind,in)thedoor)Helenrsquoswritingpaperis(in,infrontof)hercomputer)Welive(at,on,in)anewhousenow)Doesitoftenrain(at,on,in)springthere、圈出下列句子中运用不恰当的介词并将正确的答案写在横线上。)JimisgoodinEnglishandMaths)Thefilmswereinthegroundjustnow)Theyaretalkingtotheirplans)HowmanystudentshavetheirbirthdaysonMay)WomenrsquosDayisatthethirdofMarch)Icanjogtoschoolonthemorning)Didyouwatertreesatthefarm)CanyoucomeandhelpmeonmyEnglish)IusuallytakephotosinSundaymorning)WhatdidyoudoontheSpringFestival七、动词这里所说的动词是指各种动词总称其中包括be动词、情态动词、助动词、行为动词就是我们平时总说的那种动词)。动词、名词和形容词不太容易区分如不能一眼看出可用如下方法:先用ldquo一量词)rdquo如:一个、一张等)和这个词连起来说如说得通一般认为是名词说不通再用ldquo很rdquo去判断就是把ldquo很rdquo和为个词连起来说说得通一般就是形容词都说不通就是动词。目前我们学过的以后可能不同)另外一些很明显的如人称代词、数词、情态动词等一下就可以知道)、be动词am,is,are,was,were))ammdashwas,isndashwas,arewere口诀:我用am,你用are,is用在他她它所有复数全用are。)肯定和否定句Iam(not)fromLondonHeis(not)ateacherSheis(not)inthediningroomMyhairis(not)longHereyesare(not)small)一般疑问句AmIaChineseYes,youareNo,youarenrsquotAretheyAmericanYes,theyareNo,theyarenrsquotIsthecatfatYes,itisNo,itisnrsquot)be动词的否定形式:amnot没有缩写形式)arenot=arenrsquotisnot=isnrsquot。用恰当的be动词填空。练一练:、用be动词的适当形式填空。)IaboyyouaboyNo,Inot)ThegirlJack#ssister)Thedogtallandfat)Themanwithbigeyesateacher)yourbrotherintheclassroom)Howyourfather)MikeandLiuTaoatschool)Whosedressthis)Whosesocksthey)WhoI)Thejeansonthedesk)Hereascarfforyou)Heresomesweatersforyou)TheblackglovesforSuYang)ThispairofglovesforYangLing)Thetwocupsofmilkforme)Someteaintheglass)Gaoshan#sshirtoverthere)Mysister#snameNancy)DavidandHelenfromEngland)Thereagirlintheroom)Theresomeapplesonthetree)thereanyapplejuiceinthebottle)Theresomebreadontheplate)You,heandIfromChina)Thereaboy,twogirls,threemenandtenwomeninthepark、助动词do,does,did)do,does用于一般现在时其过去式did用于一般过去时。它们通常用在疑问句和否定句中。它们的否定形式:donot=donrsquot,doesnot=doesnrsquot,didnot=didnrsquot。注意:在一般现在时中does用于第三人称单数其余一律用助动词do助动词do,does,did后面一定要用动词原形。练、用适当的助动词填空。)youlikethismagazine)Thegirllikebreadforbreakfast)WhatsheattheweekendsSheusuallyplaysgameswithherfriends)WhayoudolastSundayIwrotetomyfriend)DidyouseeaBeijingoperaNo,I)HenotvisitafarmlastNationalDayholiday)Theynotlikeplayingvolleyball)JimhaveapicnicwithhisfamilyeverySaturdayYes,he)HelenandYangLinggotoschoolonfooteveryday)HowmanykiteswehaveWehaveten、找出下列句子中的错误将序号填入题前括号内并改正。())DidyouhadabiglunchwithyourfamilylastSpringFestivalABC())WhatdotheboyhaveinhispencilboxHehasarubberABC())TheydoesnrsquotlikethefilmABC())DoJimgetupatsixeverydayABC())Don#tgivingtheballtoLiuTaoABC、情态动词情态动词也是一类特殊的动词平时我们不把它说成是动词。情态动词可以和行为动词同时出现在同一个句子中。我们现在学过的情态动词有:can、could、shall、should、will、would、may、might、must。注意:情态动词后动词总是用原形。不受其他任何条件影响)其否定形式:cannot=canrsquot,mustnot=mustnrsquot,注意:maynot和shallnot无缩写形式)练一练:选择填空。())Thesignonthewallmeansyou​​​​​stayawayfromthebuildingAmustBcanrsquotCshouldn#t())HowmanybooksyouseeonthedeskAmayBcanCshould())ItmeansyoumakenoiseinthelibraryAshouldBshouldn#tCcan())youlikeaglassofmilkYes,pleaseAMayBCouldCWould())youseethesignoverthereSorry,IcanrsquotACanBCanrsquotCShould())wegototheparkbybusAMayBMustCShall、行为动词就是我们平时上课时说的动词表示某一动作或行为。如:sweep、live等。行为动词我们已学过它们的四种形式:原形、第三人称单数ses、现在分词也叫动名词)ing、过去式ed。)动词第三人称单数变化规则:A、一般直接加ldquosrdquo如:playndashplays,visitndashvisits,speakndashspeaksB、以ldquosrdquoldquoxrdquoldquoshrdquoldquochrdquo结尾时加ldquoesrdquo如:catchndashcatches,watchndashwatchesC、以ldquo辅音字母yrdquo结尾时变ldquoyrdquo为ldquoirdquo再加ldquoesrdquo如:carryndashcarries,studyndashstudies。)现在分词动名词)构成规则:A、一般直接加ldquoingrdquo如:gondashgoing,dondashdoing,lookndashlookingB、以不发音的ldquoerdquo结尾的单词去ldquoerdquo加ldquoingrdquo如:takendashtaking,makendashmaking,havendashhavingC、以重读闭音节结尾的词如末尾只有一个辅音字母需要双写这个字母再加ldquoingrdquo如:putndashputting,stopndashstopping,runndashrunning,getndashgetting,swimndashswimming,sitndashsitting,beginndashbeginning,jogndashjogging,forgetndashforgetting。)过去式构成规则:A、一般直接加ldquoedrdquo如:plantndashplanted,visitndashvisited,pickndashpickedB、以不发音字母ldquoerdquo结尾直接加ldquoedrdquo如:likendashliked,hopendashhoped,tastendashtastedC、以ldquo辅音字母yrdquo结尾时变ldquoyrdquo为ldquoirdquo再加ldquoedrdquo如:tryndashtried,carryndashcarried,studyndashstudiedD、有些动词要双写最后一个字母再加ldquoedrdquo如:stopndashstoppedE、还有很多动词的过去式是不规则的请记忆:是am(be)wasbeing是are(be)werebeing是bewas,werebeing成为becomebecamebecoming开始beginbeganbeginning弯曲bendbentbending吹blowblewblowing买buyboughtbuying能cancould捕捉catchcaughtcatching选择choosechosechoosing来comecamecoming切cutcutcutting做do,doesdiddoing画drawdrewdrawing饮drinkdrankdrinking吃eatateeating感觉feelfeltfeeling发现findfoundfinding飞flyflewflying忘记forgetforgotforgetting得到getgotgetting给givegavegiving走gowentgoing成长growgrewgrowing有have,hashadhaving听hearheardhearing受伤hurthurthurting保持keepkeptkeeping知道knowknewknowing学习learnlearned,learntlearning允许让letletletting躺lielaylying制造makemademaking可以maymight意味meanmeantmeaning会见meetmetmeeting必须mustmust放置putputputting读readreadreading骑、乘rideroderiding响、鸣ringrangringing跑runranrunning说saysaidsaying看见seesawseeing将shallshould唱歌singsangsinging坐下sitsatsitting睡觉sleepsleptsleeping说speakspokespeaking度过spendspentspending。练一练:、写出下列动词的第三人称单数。drinkgostaymakelookhavepasscarrycomewatchplantflystudybrushdoteachtakesee、写出下列动词的现在分词。putgiveflygetdancesitrunplanttakeswimaskstoptakewritehavesmokethinkwanttell、写出下列动词的过去式。isamflyplantaredrinkplaygomakedoesdanceworryasktasteeatdrawputthrowkickpassdo、用动词的适当形式填空。)ItoschoolfromMondaytoFridayMybrotheroftentoschoolwithmeYesterdaywetoschooltogetherWeliketoschoolverymuch(go))TheyusuallylunchathomeButlastweek,theylunchatschool(have))ThatmyEnglishbookItnewButnowitnothereItthereamomentago(be))MysisterlikesverymuchSheoftenatourschoolfestivalLastterm,shealotofsongsintheschoolhallShebeautifully(sing))WhatheusuallyonSundayHeusuallyhishomeworkLook!HehishomeworknowhehishomeworklastSundayYes,he(do))DopeopleusuallymooncakesatMidautumnFestivalYes,theydoDidyoumooncakeslastMidautumnFestivalYes,IdidIalotofdeliciousmooncakes(eat)八、thereherebe结构、therebe结构表示ldquo某时、某地存在着什么事物或人rdquo包括thereis、thereare、therewas、therewere。herebe结构与它类似用法也完全相同只不过是表示ldquo这里存在着什么事物或人rdquo。、和have、has、had的区别:)Therebe句型表示:在某地有某物或人)而have、has、had表示:某人拥有某物。)在therebe句型中主语是单数be动词用is主语是复数be动词用are如有几件物品be动词根据最近be动词的那个名词决定mdashmdashldquo就近原则rdquo。)therebe句型的否定句在be动词后加not,一般疑问句把be动词调到句首。)therebe句型与have(has)的区别:therebe表示在某地有某物或人)have(has)表示某人拥有某物。)some和any在therebe句型中的运用:some用于肯定句any用于否定句或疑问句。)and和or在therebe句型中的运用:and用于肯定句or用于否定句或疑问句。)针对数量提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:Howmany名词复数arethere介词短语?Howmuch不可数名词isthere介词短语?)针对主语提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:Whatrsquos介词短语?)Therebe结构一般用在句子的开头而have等词只能用于某一个主语后面。练一练:、用恰当的be动词填空。)Therefourseasonsinayear)Therenotanytreestwoyearsago)thereapostofficenearyourschoolYes,there)HowmanystopsthereThereonlyone)Therenotanystampsontheenvelope)thereanybirdsinthetree)ThereashoppingcentrenearourschoollastyearButnowtherenoone)Thereonlythreeofus:mydad,mymumandme)Heresomebreadforyou)InNewYork,therealotofraininspring、选用ldquohave,has,had,thereis,thereare,therewas,therewererdquo填空。)Iagoodfatherandagoodmother)atelescopeonthedesk)Heataperecorder)abasketballintheplayground)Theyanicegarden)Myfatherastorybooklastyear)areadingroominthebuilding)WhatdoesMike)anybooksinthebookcase)Howmanystudentsintheclassroom)astorybookonthetableamomentago)Whatdoyou)Myparentssomenicepictures)somemapsonthewall)amapoftheworldonthewall)Davidrsquosfriendssometents)manychildrenonthehill九、someany的用法some用于肯定句any用于否定句和一般疑问句。请注意看例句后扩号中说明的用法。例:Thereissomewaterintheglass肯定句)Therearesomeflowersinthegarden肯定句)Therearenrsquotanylampsinthestudy否定句)Arethereanymapsonthewall一般疑问句)Wouldyoulikesomeorangejuice希望得到肯定答)Doyouwanttotakeanyphotosattheparty一般疑问句)练一练:选用some或any填空。)Thereisnrsquotmilkinthefridge)Icanseecars,butIcanrsquotseebuses)HehasfriendsinEngland)Weretherefruittreesonthefarm)Herearepresentsforyou)DoesTomwanttotakephotos)Istherericeinthekitchen)Therearenewbuildingsinourschool)WouldyoulikecakesNo,Irsquodnotlikecakes,butIrsquodlikecoffee)AretherepicturesonthewallNo,therearenrsquotpictures十、动词不定式、to加动词原形构成一种非谓语形式在这里不是介词无词义。如:IwanttomakeaNewYearcard我想制作一张新年贺卡。Wouldyouliketohaveapicnicwithus你愿意和我们一起去野餐吗?、to保留原来动词的一些特征它可以带自己的宾语和状语等。如:Togettherefaster,youcantakebusNo想快一点到那儿你可以坐路车。、to前有时带疑问词what,when,where,which,why,how等。如:HersquosaskingYangLinghowtogetthere他正在问杨玲怎样到达那里。总而言之一定要记住:to后面用动词原形。练一练:、用扩号中所给动词的适当形式填空。)Peoplewouldlike​​​​​(go)tofarmsinthecountryside)Itrsquostime​​​​​(have)lunch)Iwant​​​​​(buy)somepresentsformyfriends)Thethiefbegan​​​​​(run))Pleaseshouwmehow​​​​​(go)totheshoppingcentre)Wouldyoulike​​​​​(join)us)Donrsquotforget​​​​​(write)ldquoHappyNewYearrdquo)Shewasveryglad​​​​​(see)them)Pleaseremember​​​​​(close)thewindowsbeforeyougohome)Irsquomsorry​​​​​(hear)that、圈出下列句子中的错误并改正。)Wouldyoulikegocampingwithus)Helen,showuxhowdrawingasquare)Iwanttowritesalettertomypenfriend)Itrsquostimeforusgotoschool)LiuTaowantstoshowingPeterrsquosphotostohismum十一、动名词其实就是动词的ldquo现在分词rdquo。它既有ldquo名词性质rdquo可作主语)又具有动词性质可带宾语)。如:Pleasekeepquietinthereadingroom还有我们的一些课题:Askingtheway中是ldquo名词性质rdquoMyhobbyiscollectingstamps中是ldquo动词性质rdquo带了宾语stamps、remember记住)后面跟动名词表示ldquo记得做过某事rdquo跟to动词原形表示ldquo记得要去做某事rdquo。如:Irememberpostingthelettertoday我记得今天把信寄走了。Pleaseremembertopostthelettertoday请记住今天要把信寄走。、forget忘记)后面跟动名词表示ldquo忘记做过某事实际做过)rdquo跟to动词原形表示ldquo忘记去做某事实际没做)rdquo。如:Iforgetdoinghomeworkthismorning我忘记今天早上做过作业了。Iforgettodohomeworkthismorning我忘记今天早上做作业了。、stop停止)后面跟动名词表示ldquo停止做某事rdquo跟to动词原形表示ldquo停止正在做的事而去做别的事rdquo。如:Stopsmoking,please请不要吸烟。WearetiredLetrsquosstoptohavearest我们累了让我们停下来休息一下。、like喜欢)后面跟动名词表示一个人的爱好和习惯意思是ldquo喜欢干某事rdquo跟to动词原形常用于wouldliketodosomething表示ldquo某人想要、愿意干某事rdquo。如:Iliketakingawalkaftersuppereveryday我喜欢每天晚饭后去散步。Iwouldliketohavesomechips我想要吃些薯条。练一练:、用扩号内所给动词的适当形式填空。)​​​​(swim)isnotasfastasrunning)ItrsquossunnytodayLetrsquosgo​​​​(fish))Doyoulike​​​​(read)Englishinthemorning)Areyougoodat​​​​(dance))Whereisthe​​​​(shop)centre)Wouldyouliketogo​​​​(jog)withme)Myhobbyis​​​​(play)football)SuHailikes​​​​(watch)cartoonsonSundays、选择扩号内动词的适当形式填空。)Irsquomsorry​​​​(hearing,tohear)that)Jimisgoodat​​​​(swimming,toswim))Shallwego​​​​(skating,toskate))Today,myworkis​​​​(looking,tolook)afterthebaby)Irsquomgoing​​​​(flying,tofly)akiteintheplayground)Ilike​​​​(playing,toplay)basketballafterschool)Wouldyoulike​​​​(going,togo)totheGreatWall)JimisaskingLiuTaohow​​(getting,toget)totheHistoryMuseum十二、时间和日期的表达、有两种时间表达法:A)直接读写数词。如::ninefifteen:tenthirty:elevenfortyfive:sevenofive:twotwentyfive:fivefiftyfiveB)借助past和to来表达。past一般用于分钟以内含分钟)的时间表达to一般用于超过分钟的时间表达。一刻钟可以用aquarter表示半小时可以用half表示。如::aquarterpastnine:halfpastten:aquartertotwelve:fivepastseven:twentyfivepasttwo:fivetosix注意:询问时间可用句型ldquoWhatrsquosthetimerdquo或者ldquoWhattimeisitrdquo。、日期的表达:the序数词of月份。如:thethirdofJune六月三日注意:询问日期可用句型ldquoWhatdateisittodayrdquo或者ldquoWhatrsquosthedatetodayrdquo。练一练:、用两种方法表达下列时间。::::::、用英语表达下列日期。五月一日九月十日三月八日四月五日七月九日八月三日一月十五日六月二日十二月二十五日、同义句转换每空一词。)WhatrsquosthetimeItrsquoselevenfortyfiveisitItrsquos)ItrsquossevenofiveItrsquostimeforbreakfastItrsquosItrsquostime)WhatrsquosthedatetodayItrsquosstOctoberisittodayItrsquos十三、名词所有格、有生命的名词所有格:A)单数后加ldquorsquosrdquo如:SuHairsquostwinsister苏海的双胞胎妹妹Jimrsquosfamily吉姆的一家B)以ldquosrdquo结尾的复数名词只需加ldquorsquordquo如:TeachersrsquoDay教师节thetwinsrsquoparentsC)不以ldquosrdquo结尾的复数名词则仍需加ldquorsquosrdquo如:ChildrenrsquosDay儿童节注意:表示两人或几人共有的物品只需在最后一人名后加ldquorsquosrdquo如:BenandJimrsquosbook、无生命的名词所有格一般与ldquoofrdquo构成短语。如:aphotoofhisfamily他家的一张照片thecolourofherskirt她的短裙的颜色练一练:翻译下列词组:大卫的叔叔我妹妹的邮票妇女节老师们的办公室他笔友的信这本书的名字双胞胎的书房孩子们的爱好邮局的大门十四、句子的种类类别例句用法标点陈述句肯定ThisisabagIlikespring描述一件事情或者说明说话人的看法类别例句用法标点陈述句否定IcanrsquotseeabagoverthereIdon#tknow描述一件事情或者说明说话人的看法疑问句一般AreyouastudentDoyoulikepuppetsCanyouspeakEnglish用于提出问题特殊when什么时间who谁whose谁的where在哪里which哪一个why为什么what什么whattime什么时间whatcolour什么颜色whatabout怎么样whatday星期几whatdate什么日期whatfor为何目的how怎样howold多大岁数howmany数量多少howmuch多少钱howabout怎么样howfar多远选择Isyourfriendaboyoragirl反意Itrsquosafineday,isnrsquotit祁使句肯定Putithere表示命令、建议或请求或!否定Donrsquotlookatthenoticeboard感叹句Howsmartthescarfis!Whatasmartscarf!Howsmartthescarvesare!Whatsmartscarves!表示惊讶、喜悦、赞美、厌恶或愤怒等强烈感情练一练:、填入适当的疑问词。)walletisitItrsquosmine)istheChristmasDayItrsquosonthethofDecember)isthediaryItrsquosunderthechair)istheboyinblueHersquosMike)aretheearphonesTheyareyuan)isthehairdryerItrsquosblue)isittodayItrsquosSunday)wasityesterdayItwasthethofOctober)thisredoneItrsquosbeautiful)isitfromhereItrsquosaboutkilometresaway)A:CanIhavesomepaperandsomecrayonsB:A:Iwanttomakeakite)isyourcousinHersquosyearsold)doyouhavedinnerAtorsquoclock)oneisfatter,theblueoneortheredoneTheblueone、对划线部分提问。)Icanseeeightrubbersintheboxcanseeinthebox)Myfatherisfinetodayyourfathertoday)LiuTaoisplayingfootballintheplaygroundLiuTaointheplayground)Thefilmswereonthegroundthefilms)Thegirlwithbigeyesismysisterrsquosfriendsisterrsquosfriend)MybirthdayisonthethofSeptemberyourbirthday)Irsquodlikeanicecakeforbreakfastlikeforbreakfast)ThatrsquosNancyrsquosskirtisthat、按要求改写句子。)Itrsquosabook改为一般疑问句)ita)Myfatherisinthestudy对划线部分提问)isfather)DoyouwatchTVeverySunday做肯定答),I)Thispictureisbeautiful改为以what引导的感叹句)Whatpicture!)Openthedoorforh

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