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首页 2018全国Ⅰ-英语高考真题

2018全国Ⅰ-英语高考真题

2018全国Ⅰ-英语高考真题

Frank学凯
2018-06-09 0人阅读 0 0 0 暂无简介 举报

简介:本文档为《2018全国Ⅰ-英语高考真题docx》,可适用于考试题库领域

第二部分阅读理解(共两节满分分)第一节(共小题:每小题分,满分分)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。AWashington,DCBicycleToursCherryBlossomBikeTourinWashington,DCDuration:hoursThissmallgroupbiketourisafantasticwaytoseetheworldfamouscherrytreeswithbeautifulflowersofWashingtonDCYourguidewillprovideahistorylessonaboutthetreesandthefamousmonumentswheretheyblossomReserveyourspotbeforeavailabilityandthecherryblossomsdisappear!WashingtonCapitalMonumentsBicycleTourDuration:hours(miles)JoinaguidedbiketourandviewsomeofthemostpopularmonumentsinWashington,DCExplorethemonumentsandmemorialsontheNationalMallasyourguidesharesuniquefactsandhistoryateachstopGuidedtourincludesbike,helmet,cookiesandbottledwaterCapitalCityBikeTourinWashington,DCDuration:hoursMorningorAfternoon,thisbiketouristheperfecttourforDCnewcomersandlocalslookingtoexperienceWashington,DCinahealthywaywithminimumeffortKnowledgeableguideswillentertainyouwiththemostinterestingstoriesaboutPresidentsCongress,memorials,andparksComfortablebikesandasmoothtourroute(路线)makecyclingbetweenthesitesfunandrelaxingWashingtonCapitalSitesatNightBicycleTourDuration:hours(miles)JoinasmallgroupbiketourforaneveningofexplorationintheheartofWashington,DCGetupclosetothemonumentsandmemorialsasyoubikethesitesofCapitolHillandtheNationalMallFrequentstopsaremadeforphototakingasyourguideoffersuniquefactsandhistoryTourincludesbike,helmet,andbottledwaterAllridersareequippedwithreflectivevestsandsafetylightsWhichtourdoyouneedtobookinadvanceACherryBlossomBikeTourinWashington,DCBWashingtonCapitalMonumentsBicycleTourCCapitalCityBikeTourinWashington,DCDWashingtonCapitalSitesatNightBicycleTourWhatwillyoudoontheCapitalCityBikeTourAMeetfamouspeopleBGotoanationalparkCVisitwellknownmuseumsDEnjoyinterestingstoriesWhichofthefollowingdoesthebicycletouratnightprovide?ACitymapsBCamerasCMealsDSafetylightsBGoodMorningBritain#sSusannaReidisusedtogrillingguestsonthesofaeverymorningbutsheiscookingupastorminherlatestroleshowingfamilieshowtopreparedeliciousandnutritiousmealsonatightbudget。InSaveMoney:GoodFood,shevisitsadifferenthomeeachweekandwiththehelpofchefMattTebbuttofferstoptipsonhowtoreducefoodwaste,whilepreparingrecipesforunder£perfamilyadayAndtheGoodMorningBritainpresentersaysshe#sbeenabletoputalotofwhatshe#slearntintopracticeinherownhome,preparingmealsforsons,Sam,,Finn,,andJack,ldquoWeloveMexicanchurrossoIbuythemonmyphonefrommylocalMexicantakeawayrestaurant,sheexplainsIpay£foraportion(份)butMattmakesthemforpaportion,becausetheyareflour,water,sugarandoilEverybodycanbuytakeawayfood,butsometimeswe#renotawarehowcheaplywecanmakethisfoodourselvesrdquoTheeightpartseries(系列节目),Savemoney:GoodFood,followsinthefootstepsofITV#sSaveMoney:GoodHealth,whichgaveviewersadviceonhowtogetvaluefromthevastrangeofhealthproductsonthemarketWithfoodourbiggestweeklyhouseholdexpense,SusannaandMattspendtimewithadifferentfamilyeachweekIntonight#sEasterspecialtheycometotheaidofafamilyinneedofsomedeliciousinspirationonabudgetTheteamtransformsthefamily#slongweekendofcelebrationwithlessexpensivebutstilltastyrecipesWhatdoweknowaboutSusannaReid?ASheenjoysembarrassingherguestsBShehasstartedanewprogrammeCShedislikesworkingearlyinthemorningDShehashadatightbudgetforherfamilyHowdoesMattTebbutthelpSusannaAHebuyscookingmaterialsforherBHepreparesfoodforherkidsCHeassistsherincookingmattersDHeinvitesguestfamiliesforherWhatdoestheauthorintendtodoinparagraph?ASummarizethepreviousparagraphsBProvidesomeadviceforthereadersCAddsomebackgroundinformationD:IntroduceanewtopicfordiscussionWhatcanbeasuitabletitleforthetextAKeepingFitbyEatingSmartBBalancingOurDailyDietCMakingYourselfaPerfectChefDCookingWellforLessCLanguageshavebeencomingandgoingforthousandsofyears,butinrecenttimestherehasbeenlesscomingandalotmoregoingWhentheworldwasstillpopulatedbyhuntergathererssmalltightlyknit(联系)groupsdevelopedtheirownpatternsofspeechindependentofeachotherSomelanguageexpertsbelievethat,yearsago,whentheworldhadjustfivetotenmillionpeople,theyspokeperhaps,languagesbetweenthemSoonafterwards,manyofthosepeoplestartedsettlingdowntobecomefarmers,andtheirlanguagestoobecamemoresettledandfewerinnumberInrecentcenturies,trade,industrialisation,thedevelopmentofthenationstateandthespreadofuniversalcompulsoryeducation,especiallyglobalisationandbettercommunicationsinthepastfewdecades,allhavecausedmanylanguagestodisappear,anddominantlanguagessuchasEnglishSpanishandChineseareincreasinglytakingoverAtpresent,theworldhasabout,languagesThedistributionoftheselanguagesishugelyunevenThegeneralruleisthatmildzoneshaverelativelyfewlanguages,oftenspokenbymanypeople,whilehotwetzoneshavelots,oftenspokenbysmallnumbersEuropehasonlyaroundlanguagestheAmericasabout,Africa,andAsiaandthePacificperhaps,,ofwhichPapuaNewGuineaaloneaccountsforwelloverThemediannumber(中位数)ofspeakersismere,,whichthathalftheworld#slanguagesarespokenbyfewerpeoplethanthatAlreadywelloverofthetotalof,languagesareclosetoextinction(消亡),withonlyafewelderlyspeakersleftPick,atrandom,BusuuinCameroon(eightremainingspeakers),ChiapanecoinMexico(),LipanApacheintheUnitedStates(twoorthree)orWadjiguinAustralia(one,withaquestionmark):noneoftheseseemstohavemuchchanceofsurvivalWhatcanweinferaboutlanguagesinhuntergatherertimesATheydevelopedveryfastBTheywerelargeinnumberCTheyhadsimilarpatternsDTheywerecloselyconnectedWhichofthefollowingbestexplainsdominantunderlinedinparagraph?AComplexBAdvancedCPowerfulDModernHowmanylanguagesarespokenbylessthan,peopleatpresent?AAbout,B,About,CAbout,DAbout,Whatisthemainideaofthetext?ANewlanguageswillbecreatedBPeople#slifestylesarereflectedinlanguagesCHumandevelopmentresultsinfewerlanguagesDGeographydetermineslanguageevolutionDWemaythinkwersquoreaculturethatgetsridofourworntechnologyatthefirstsightofsomethingshinyandnew,butanewstudyshowsthatwekeepusingourolddevices(装置)wellaftertheygooutofstyleThatrsquosbadnewsfortheenvironmentandourwalletsastheseoutdateddevicesconsumemuchmoreenergythantheneweronesthatdothesamethingsTofigureouthowmuchpowerthesedevicesareusing,CallieBabbittandhercolleaguesattheRochesterInstituteofTechnologyinNewYorktrackedtheenvironmentalcostsforeachproductthroughoutitslifefromwhenitsmineralsareminedtowhenwestopusingthedeviceThismethodprovidedareadoorhowhomeenergyusehasevolvedsincetheearlysDevicesweregroupedbygenerationDesktopcomputersbasicmobilephones,andboxsetTVsdefinedDigitalcamerasarrivedonthesceneinAndWPplayers,smartphones,andLCDTVsenteredhomesinbeforetabletsandereadersshowedupinAsweaccumulatedmoredevices,however,wedidn#tthrowoutouroldonesThelivingroomtelevisionisreplacedandgetsplantedinthekidsrsquoroom,andsuddenlyonedayyouhaveaTVineveryroomofthehouse,rdquosaidoneresearcherTheaveragenumberofelectronicdevicesrosefromfourperhouseholdintoinWersquorenotjustkeepingtheseolddevicesWecontinuetousethemAccordingtotheanalysisofBabbitt#steam,olddesktopmonitorsandboxTVswithcathoderaytubesaretheworstdeviceswiththeirenergyconsumptionandcontributiontogreenhousegasemissions(排放)morethandoublingduringthetowindowSowhat#sthesolution(解决方案)Theteam#sdataonlywentuptobuttheresearchersalsoexploredwhatwouldhappenifconsumersreplacedoldproductswithnewelectronicsthatservemorethanonefunction,suchasatabletforwordprocessingandTVviewingTheyfoundthatmoreondemandentertainmentviewingontabletsinsteadofTVsanddesktopcomputerscouldcutenergyconsumptionbyWhatdoestheauthorthinkofnewdevicesATheyareenvironmentfriendlyBTheyarenobetterthantheoldCTheycostmoretouseathomeDTheygooutofstylequicklyWhydidBabbitt#steamconducttheresearchAToreducethecostofmineralsBTotestthelifecycleofaproductCToupdateconsumersonnewtechnologyDTofindoutelectricityconsumptionofthedevicesWhichofthefollowingusestheleastenergyATheboxsetTVBThetabletCTheLCDTVDThedesktopcomputerWhatdoesthetextsuggestpeopledoaboutoldelectronicdevicesAStopusingthemBTakethemapartCUpgradethemDRecyclethem第二节(共小题:每小题分,满分分)根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。ColorisfundamentalinhomedesignsomethingyoursquollalwayshaveineveryroomAgraspofhowtomanagecolorinyourspacesinoneofthefirststepstocreatingroomsyou#lllovetoliveinDoyouwantaroomthat#sfulloflifeProfessionalOrareyoujustlookingforaplacetorelaxafteralongday,coloristhekeytomakingaroomfeelthewayyouwantittofeelOvertheyears,therehavebeenanumberofdifferenttechniquestohelpdesignersapproachthisimportantpointtheycangetalittlecomplexButgoodnewsisthattherersquoerreallyonlythreekindsofdecisionsyouneedtomakeaboutcolorinyourhome:thesmallones,themediumones,andthelargeonesTheylsquorethelittlespotsofcolorlikethrowpillows,mirrorsandbasketsthatmostofususetoaddvisualinteresttoourroomsLesstiringthanpaintingyourwallsandlessexpensivethanbuyingacolorfulsofa,smallcolorchoicesbringwiththemthesignificantbenefitofbeingeasilychangeableMediumcolorchoicesaregenerallyfurniturepiecessuchassofas,dinnertablesorbookshelvesTheyrequireabiggercommitmentthansmallerones,andtheyhaveamorepowerfuleffectonthefeelingofaspaceThelargecolordecisionsinyourroomsconcernthewalls,ceilings,andfloorsWhetheryou#relookingatwallpaperorpaint,thetime,effortandrelativeexpenseputintoitaresignificantAWhileallofthemareusefulBWhateveryou#relookingforCIfyou#reexperimentingwithacolorDSmallcolorchoicesaretheoneswersquoremostfamiliarwithEit#snotreallyagoodideatousetoomanysmallcolorpiecesFSoitpaystobesure,becauseyouwanttogetitrightthefirsttimeGColorchoicesinthisrangeareastepupfromthesmallonesintwomajorways第三部分语言知识运用(共两节满分分)第一节(共小题每小题分满分分)阅读下面短文从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。Duringmysecondyearatthecitycollege,Iwastoldthattheeducationdepartmentwasofferingaldquofreerdquocourse,calledThinkingChess,forthreecreditsItheideaoftakingtheclassbecause,afterall,whodoesnrsquotwanttoafewdollarsMorethanthat,IrsquodalwayswantedtolearnchessAnd,evenifIwerenrsquotenoughaboreecredits,newsaboutourwasappealingenoughtomeHewasaninternationalgrandmaster,whichIwouldbelearningfromoneofthegamersquosIcouldhardlywaittohimMauriceAshleywaskindandsmart,aformergraduatereturningtoteach,andthiswasnogameforhimhemeantbusinessInhisintroduction,hemadeitthatourcreditswouldbehardearnedInordertotheclassamongothercriteria,wehadtowriteapaperonhowweplantowhatwewouldlearninclasstoourfutureprofessionsandtoourlivesImanagedtogetanAinthatandleanedlifelessonsthathaveservedmewellbeyondtheTenyearsaftermychessclasswithAshley,I#mstillputtingtousewhatheme:ldquotheabsolutemostimportantthatyoulearnwhenyouplaychessishowtomakegoodOneverysinglemoveyouhavetoasituation,processwhatyouropponent(对手)isdoingandthebestmovefromamongallyouroptionsrdquoThesewordsstillringtruetodayinmyasajournalistAporwardBjumpedatCtriedoutDturneddownAwasteBearnCsaveDpayAexcitedBworriedCmovedDtiredAtitleBcompetitorCtextbookDinstructorAurgedBdemandedCheldDmeantAfastestBeasiestCbestDrarestAinterviewBmeetCchallengeDbeatAchanceBqualificationChonorDjobArealBperfectCclearDpossibleAattendBpassCskipDobserveAaddBexposeCapplyDcompareAeventuallyBnaturallyCdirectlyDnormallyAgameBpresentationCcourseDexperimentAcriterionBclassroomCdepartmentDsituationAtaughtBwroteCquestionedDpromisedAfactBstepCmannerDskillAgradesBdecisionsCimpressionsDcommentsAanalyzeBdescribeCrebuildDcontrolAannounceBsignalCblockDevaluateAroleBdesireCconcernDbehavior第二节(共小题每小题分,满分分)阅读下面短文,在空白处填入个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。Accordingtoareviewofevidenceinamedicaljournal,runnerslivethreeyears(long)thannonrunners,Youdon#thavetorunfastorforlong(see)thebenefitYoumaydrink,smoke,beoverweightandstillreduceyourriskof(die)earlybyrunningWhilerunningregularlycanrsquotmakeyouliveforeverthereviewsaysit(be)moreeffectiveatlengtheninglifewalking,cyclingorswimmingTwooftheauthorsofthereviewalsomadeastudypublishedinshowedamerefivetominuteadayofrunningreducedtheriskofheartdiseaseandearlydeathsfromall(cause)ThebestexerciseisonethatyouenjoyandwilldoButotherwiseit#sprobablyrunningToavoidkneepain,youcanrunonsoftsurfaces,doexercisesto(strength)yourlegmuscles(肌肉),avoidhillsandgetgoodrunningshoesRunningischeap,easyandit#salways(energy)Ifyouaretimepoor,youneedrunforonlyhalfthetimetogetthesamebenefitsasothersports,soperhapsweshouldallgiveatry第四部分写作(共两节,满分分)第一节短文改错(共小题每小题分,满分分)假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(and),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。注意:每处错误及其修改均仅限一词只允许修改处,多者(从第处起)不计分。Duringmylastwinterholiday,IwenttocountrysidewithmyfathertovisitmygrandparentsIfindabigchangethereThefirsttimeIwentthere,theywerelivinginasmallhousewithdogs,ducks,andanotheranimalsLastwinterwhenIwenthereagain,theyhadabigseparatehousetoraisedozensofchickenTheyalsohadasmallpondwhichtheyraisedfishMygrandpasaidlastsummertheyearnedquitealotbysellthefishIfelthappilythattheirlifehadimprovedAttheendofourtripItoldmyfatherthatIplannedtoreturnforeverytwoyears,butheagreed第二节书面表达(满分分)假定你是李华,你的新西兰朋友Terry将去中国朋友家做客,发邮件向你询问有关习俗。请你回复邮件,内容包括:到达时间合适的礼物餐桌礼仪注意:词数左右可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

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