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首页 Unit 8 Is there a post office near here?优质课件

Unit 8 Is there a post office near here?优质课件.ppt

Unit 8 Is there a post office n…

is_628358
2019-03-13 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《Unit 8 Is there a post office near here?优质课件ppt》,可适用于初中教育领域

UnitIsthereapostofficenearhereSectionAPeriodOneparkrestauranthotelgardenDoyouknowtheseplacespostofficebridgebanklibraryhospitalpayphonesupermarketpolicestationontheboxundertheboxintheboxWhereisthesoccerballItrsquoshelliptheboxWhereisthesoccerballItrsquoshelliptheboxbehindtheboxneartheboxWhereisthesoccerballItrsquoshelliptheboxnexttotheboxinfrontoftheboxWhereisthesoccerballacrossfromtheboxItrsquoshelliptheboxbetweenthebigboxandthesmallbox在helliphellip上面在helliphellip对面在helliphellip后面在helliphellip前面与helliphellip紧邻在两者之间onacrossfrominfrontofnexttobetweenbehindWhatrsquosthisinEnglishItisanWhatrsquosthisinEnglishItisastreetavenuestreetavenueWhatrsquosthisinEnglishItrsquosaWecanbuythingsinthemarketWhatrsquosinthepictureThereisamarketinthepicturemarket图片上有一座市场。WhatrsquosthisinEnglishItrsquosasupermarketWhatrsquosonthestreetThereisasupermarketonthestreet马路上有一个超市。WecanbuythingsinthesupermarketWhatrsquosinthepictureThereisainthepictureWhatrsquosthisItrsquosabankbank图片上有一个银行。WhatrsquosthisItrsquosaWhatrsquosinthepictureThereisahotelinthepicturehotelIsthereahotelinthepictureYes,thereis图片上有一个旅馆吗?是的。WhatrsquosthisItrsquosaWhatrsquosinthepictureThereisainthepicturerestaurantrestaurantIsthereabankinthepicture?No,thereisnrsquot图片上有一个银行吗?不没有。WhatrsquosthisItrsquosaWhatrsquosinthepictureThereisainthepictureparkparkIsthereahotelinthepicture?No,thereisnrsquot图片上有一个旅馆吗?不没有。WhatrsquosthisItrsquosaWhatrsquosinthepictureThereisainthepicturegardengardenIstherearestaurantinthepicture?No,thereisnrsquot图片上有一家餐馆吗?不没有。WhatrsquosthisItrsquosaWhatrsquosinthepictureThereisainthepicturelibrarylibraryIsthereagardeninthelibrary?Yes,thereis图书馆有一个花园吗?有有一个。WhatrsquosthisItrsquosaWhatrsquosinthepictureThereisainthepicturepostofficepostofficeIsthereacarinthepicture?Yes,thereis图片中有一辆车吗?不没有。WhatrsquosthisItrsquosaWhatrsquosonthestreetThereisaonthestreetpayphonepayphoneIsthereahotelonthestreet?No,thereisnrsquot街上有一家宾馆吗?不没有。IsthereapostofficenearhereYes,thereisItrsquosonLongStreetIstherearestaurantonBridgeStreetYes,thereisIaminaplaceIdonrsquotknowandIhavenomoneyIhavetogotothebanktogetsomeButIdonrsquotknowwherethebankisSoIcouldsay:IsthereabanknearhereMakeyourowndialoguebyusingthefollowingplacespostofficelibraryhotelsupermarketpayphoneFifthAvenueBridgeStreetCenterStreetWhereisthepayphoneItrsquosacrossfromthelibraryacrossfromDoyouknowwheretheyarenexttoWhereisthepayphoneItrsquosnexttothelibrarybetweenhellipandhellipWhereisthepayphoneItrsquosbetweenthepostofficeandthelibraryonWhereisthepayphoneItrsquosontheGreenStreetWhereisthepayphoneItrsquosinfrontofthelibraryinfrontofWhereisthepayphoneItrsquosbehindthelibrarybehindA:WherersquosthehospitalB:ItrsquosnexttothepolicestationA:WherersquostherestaurantB:ItrsquosnexttothepolicestationcAskandanswerquestionsabouttheplacesinaonpageA:WherersquosthebankB:ItrsquosonLongStreetA:WherersquosthehotelB:ItrsquosacrossfromthepostofficeA:WherersquosthepayphoneB:ItrsquosnexttothepostofficeA:WherersquostheparkB:ItrsquosbehindthehotelA:WherersquosthepostofficeB:Itrsquosacrossfromthehotelacrossfrom意为ldquo在helliphellip对面rdquoThebankisacrossfromourschool银行就在我们学校对面。【拓展】across作介词意为ldquo从一边到另一边横过rdquo。Canyouswimacrosstheriver你能游过这条河吗?infrontof意为ldquo在helliphellip前面rdquo(在某范围之外)Thereisacarinfrontofthehouse在房子前一辆小汽车。【辨析】inthefrontofldquo在helliphellip前面rdquo(在某范围之内)Thereisatableinthefrontoftheclassroom在教室的前面有一张桌子。nextto意为ldquo紧靠着紧挨着贴近rdquoThelittleboyisnexttohismother小男孩紧挨着他的母亲。【辨析】nextto与near的区别从空间讲near只表示ldquo在helliphellip附近rdquo而nextto有ldquo紧挨着rdquo之意nextto比near靠的更近。PetersitsnexttoMike彼特紧挨着迈克坐。PetersitsnearTom彼特坐在汤姆附近。HowcanIhelpyou需要我帮忙吗?表示向他人伸出援手主动提出帮助的意思此句还可说成:HowcanIhelpyou或HowmayIhelpyou类似的句子还有:MayIhelpyouDoyouneedanyhelpIsthereanythingIcanhelp(you)withWhatcanIdoforyouIrsquomnewintown我新来此地。town表示所居住的地方或城市里的闹市区城里,为不可数名词。IsthereagoodplacetoeathereIrsquomfromoutoftown这儿有吃饭的好地方吗?我对这里不熟。Isthereabankaroundhere这附近有银行吗?Yes,thereis是的有。Therebe句型表示的是ldquo某处有(存在)某人或某物rdquo其结构为Therebe(is,are,was,were)名词地点状语。例如:Therearefiftytwostudentsinourclass我们教室里有名学生。Thereisapencilinmypencilcase我的文具盒里有一只铅笔。Therebe句型否定句式的构成和含有be动词的其它句型一样在be后加上ldquonotrdquo。也可用ldquonordquo来表示。即:non(名词)=notaananyn(名词)例如:ThereisanorangeinherbagrarrThereisnrsquotanorangeinherbagrarrThereisnoorangeinherbagTherebe结构的一般疑问句变化只需把be动词移到句首再在句尾加上问号即可。例如: Thereissomemoneyinherhandbag rarrIsthereanymoneyinherhandbag(疑问句和否定句中some改为any,something改为anything)ThereissomethingnewintodayrsquosnewspaperrarrThereisnrsquotanythingnewintodayrsquosnewspaperrarrIsthereanythingnewintodayrsquosnewspaperschoolbookstoreparkbankpostofficesupermarketrestauranthotellibrarypayphoneschoollibrarybankparkhotelrestaurantbookstorepayphonesupermarketpostofficePicturePictureMemoryChallengeWhatarethedifferencesbetweenthetwopicturesMakesentenceswithnextto,acrossfromandbetweenhellipandThehotelisacrossfromthebankThecinemaisbetweenthehotelandthelibraryVideoarcadeisnexttothesupermarketLookatthemapandpicturesbelowAskandanswer-Whereishellip-Itishellip-Isthereahellip-Yes,hellip-Whereishellip-Itishellip-Isthereahellip-Yes,hellip-Whereishellip-Itishellip-Isthereahellip-Yes,hellip附近有银行吗?是的。它在中心街上。附近有餐馆吗?阅读GrammarFocus部分完成下列句子。Yes,thereisItrsquosonCenterStreetIsthereabanknearhereArethereanyrestaurantsnearhere有在邮局前面有一家。旅馆在哪里它在公安局后面。银行在哪里Yes,therersquosoneinfrontofthepostofficeWherersquosthehotelItrsquosbehindthepolicestationWherersquosthebank它紧挨着邮局。公园在哪里?它在银行对面旅馆后面。投币电话在哪里?他们在邮局与图书馆对面。WherersquostheparkItrsquosnexttothepostofficeItrsquosacrossfromthebank,behindthehotelWherearethepayphonesTheyrsquorebetweenthepostofficeandthelibraryTherebe句型新目标英语七年级下语法归纳、基本概念:Therebe句型常用来表示客观存在意思是ldquo某地某时有某物某人rdquo、肯定句句型结构  Thereisapencilonthedesk桌子上有一支铅笔。Therebe(isare)+某物某人+某地某时。Therearetwopensinthepencilcase铅笔盒里有两支钢笔。Therebe句型中is,are的选择isare的选择取决于ldquo某物某人rdquo的单复数。即单数可数名词或不可数名词时用is,复数可数名词时用areThereapeninmypencilcaseisTheresomebooksonthedeskareTheresomewaterinthecupisB某物人有多个时谓语动词be要和最靠近它的那个名词的数保持一致即就近原则。Thereisapen,apencilboxandsomebooksonthedesk桌子上有一支钢笔一个铅笔盒和一些书。Therearesomebooks,apenandapencilboxonthedesk桌子上有一些书一支笔和一个铅笔盒。在桌子下有一本书。在书橱里有一些书。在地上有一个篮球。在门的后边有一个书包。在小汽车的前边有一些小孩。Thereisabookunderthetable(desk)TherearesomebooksinthebookcaseThereisabasketballonthefloorThereisabackpackbehindthedoorTherearesomekidsinfromofthecar否定句句型结构:  ATherebe(isare)+not+某物某人+某地某时。注意:原句中如有some一词也应改为anyThereisabirdinthetree.树上有一只鸟。Thereisn#tabirdinthetree.树上没有鸟。Therearesomedesksintheroom.房间里有些课桌。Therearenrsquotanydesksintheroom.房间里没有课桌。Thereisno单数可数名词不可数名词ThereisnobookinmybagThereisnrsquotabookinmybagThereisnowaterinthecupThereisnrsquotanywaterinthecupThereareno复数可数名词TherearenopicturesonthewallTherearenrsquotanypicturesonthewallB另一种否定结构是在be后no在梳妆台上没有手表在抽屉里没有(一些)字典在超市的对面没有饭馆在第六条大街上没有银行在我们学校没有外国学生ThereisnrsquotawatchonthedresserTherearenrsquotanydictionariesinthedrawerThereisnrsquotarestaurantacrossfromthesupermarketThereisnrsquotabankontheSixthAvenueTherearenrsquotanyforeignstudentsinourschool一般疑问句句型结构:Be(IsAre)there+某物某人+某地某时?Therearesomebirdsinthepicture图画中有些鸟。Arethereanybirdsinthepicture图画中有鸟吗对疑问句的回答:如果是肯定的答:Yes,thereis或:Yes,thereare.如果是否定的答:No,thereisnrsquot或:No,therearen#t.在图书馆旁边有一个投币电话吗在第五条大街上有一家超市吗在你家附近有宾馆吗在宾馆对面有银行吗在你家有兄弟姐妹吗IsthereapayphonenexttothelibraryIsthereasupermarketonFifthAvenueIsthereahotelnearyourhomeIsthereabankacrossfromthehotelArethereanybrothersandsistersinyourfamilyTherebe句型的特殊疑问句主要有howmanyhowmuch做引导词两种情况:Howmany提问可数名词的数量TherearestudentsinmyclassHowmanystudentsarethereinyourclass你们班有多少个学生?Howmuch提问不可数名词的数量Thereis¥yuaninmybagHowmuchmoneyisthereinyourbag你书包里有多少钱Therebe句型与have的区别Therebe句型表示ldquo存在有rdquo,havehas表示ldquo拥有rdquo、ldquo所有rdquo,两者不能同时使用。例如:桌子上有一架模型飞机。amodelplaneonthedesk我有一架模型飞机。amodelplaneIhaveThereis用havehas,thereisthereare,arethereisthere填空:Iagoodfatherandagoodmotheratelescope(望远镜)onthedeskHeataperecorderabasketballontheplaygroundShesomedressesTheyanicegardenWhatdoyouareadingroominthebuildingWhatdoesMikeanybooksinthebookcasehaveThereishasThereishashavehaveThereishaveArethereTheresomepaperandapenonthedesk.AisBareChaveDhasThere#sgoingtointomorrow#snewspapers.AhavesomethingnewBhavenewsomethingCbesomethingnewDbenewsomethingHowmanyarethereinyourclassroom?AdesksBdeskCchairDdooranyflowersonbothsidesofthestreetAIsthereBArethereCHasDHaveIsthereapayphoneintheneighborhoodYes,itrsquostheschoolAnearBonCbetweenDdownIsthereabankaroundhereYes,AitisBthisisCthereisDthatisThepayphonethelibraryAacrossfromBnexttoCnearDisacrossfromNancyisbetweenandAJim,IBI,JimChe,meDhim,meRememberthesentencesintheGrammarFocus用所学的介词描述在你所在地周围这些场所的位置。postoffice,policestation,school,busstationHowcanIgettoBeijingNormalUniversityHowcanIgettothetheatrefromthemarketHowcanIgettothelibraryfromthezooWhatisthewayfromthecafetothehotelCanyoutellmethewayfromthecollegetothevideoshopDirectionNorth(up)gostraightturnleftturnrightontheleftontheright交通标志知多少turnleftturnrightgostraightgostraightTurnleftTurnrightgouphellipgodownhellipgowalkontheleftontherightonyourleftonyourrightontheleftofontherightofMatchthewordsintheboxwiththesignsaagoalongbturnrightcturnleftcbaturnrightleft意为ldquo向右左拐rdquo在这里right和left都是副词意为ldquo向右向左rdquo。eg向左拐你会找到那家宾馆。Turnleftandyoucanfindthathotelgoalongdownhellipldquo沿着helliphellip走rdquo,down和along都是介词用法。eg沿着顺河走公园就在右边。WalkalongdownRiverStreetandtheparkisontherightontherightleft意为ldquo在右面在左面rdquoononersquosrightleft意为ldquo在某人的右面左面rdquoeg在右面有一家银行。Thereisabankontheright沿着这条路走图书馆就在你的左面。Walkdownthisroadandthelibraryisonyourleftatthefirstcrossing在第一个十字路口eg在第二个十字路口向右拐。TurnrightatthesecondcrossingImagineyouandyourpartnerarethetwopeopleinthepictureinbAskandanswerquestionsabouttheplacesd用下列词汇造句子:intheneighborhoodspendhelliponhellipwalkalongdownontherightbefreeenjoydoingsthturnleftclimbenjoysunshineroadclimbneighborhoodmoneyThereisaclothesstorenearmyhomeWhereisitItrsquosnexttothebankonBridgeRoadThereisasupermarketnearmyhomeWhereisitItrsquosbehindtheschoolonLongStreetneighborhood意为ldquo附近附近地区街坊rdquoeg我的街坊们都很友好。Myneighborhoodsarefriendlyintheneighborhood在附近eg在附近有一家中国餐馆。ThereisaChineserestaurantintheneighborhoodenjoy喜欢享受(近义词lovelike)后跟动名词。eg我妹妹喜欢听音乐。Mysisterenjoyslisteningtomusicspend花费(时间、金钱等)。)spend(时间、金钱)onstheg杰克每天花很多时间做作业。Jackspendsalotoftimeonhishomework)spend(时间、金钱)doingstheg我妹妹每天花很多时间读书。Mysisterspendsmuchtimereadingbooksmoney是不可数名词,作单数看eg钱是重要的但并不是一切。Moneyisimportant,butitisnrsquoteverythingfreeldquo免费的rdquoeg这些书都是免费的。Thesebooksarefree【拓展】free空闲的(反义词)busyeg格林先生本周不忙。MrGreenisnrsquotbusythisweek或(MrGreenisfreethisweek)easily容易地(副词)(easylyrarreasily)eg公共汽车站离这里很近你能很容易地找到。ThebusstopisnotfarfromhereYoucanfinditeasilyTogetthere,IusuallywalkoutandturnrightonBridgeRoad这是英语行文的一种方式在句子开头用todohellip短语并用逗号将其与句子的主体部分隔开相当于汉语ldquo(若)要做helliphellip的话rdquo。egTolistentoworldnews,pleasekeyinldquordquo若要收听国际新闻请键入ldquordquo。WhatdoesAnnalikedoinginthezooDoesAnnathinkmonkeysarelikepeopleWhyWhatdoesJohnliketodoattheparkAnnalikeswatchingthemonkeysclimbingaroundYesAnnathinksthatwhenthemonkeysarefighting,theylooklikeherfriendsfightingJohnlikestoexerciseattheparkJohnthinksthebestthingsdonotneedmoneyDoyouthinksoHowdoesLisagettothelibraryfromherhomeAnswerswillvaryLisawalkstothelibraryShegoesdownNorthRoadandthenturnsleftThelibraryisacrossfromtheparkThereisazooinAnnarsquosneighborhoodShelikestospendtimethereonweekendsShelovestowatchthemonkeysclimbingaroundThemonkeyssometimesfightTogetthere,sheusuallywalksoutandturnsrightonBridgeRoadThenshewalksalongBridgeRoadThezooisontherightBridgeRoadJohnlivesnearasupermarketHisparentsusuallyshopthereTherersquosabigparkacrossfromtheparkHeoftenexercisesintheparkbecausehelovesthecleanairandsunshineTogetthepark,hehastocrossthestreetLisalivesinanoisyneighborhoodThereisapostofficebetweenherhouseandaclothesstoreButherfavoriteplaceisthelibraryItisveryquietandsheenjoysreadingthereWhenshereadsbooks,timesgoesquicklyTogettothelibraryeasily,justgodownNorthRoadandturnleftItrsquosacrossfromtheparkNorthRoadIwanttobuyapenGivemesome,momAlicealwaysanhourplayingtheguitarItrsquossunnytodayTheisreallyniceTheyfoundthepostofficeGraceplayingcomputergamesverymuchPleasehavesomefruitItrsquossunshinemoneyeasilyspends选词填空。enjoy,free,spend,easily,money,sunshineenjoysfreeDrawamapofyourneighborhoodandwriteaboutitWheredoyouliveWhatisyourfavoriteplaceinyourneighborhoodWhyHowdoyougettherefromyourhomebIliveinanoisyneighborhoodMyhouseisbetweenalibraryandapostofficeThereisabankacrossfrommyhouseMyfavoriteplaceistheChildrenrsquosPalacebecauseIcanplaysportsandlearnEnglishthereTogetthere,IhavetogoalongtheCenterStreet,thenturnleftatthefirstcrossing,thenwalkalongNorthStreetTheChildrenrsquosPalaceisjustontherightfreeenjoyspendclimbing*Writefivesentencesaboutyourschoolusingthereisare提示:注意therebe句型一定要注意be动词(isare)与其后面的主语一致。特别应注意如果有两个或两个以上的主语时应与第一个保持一致。句型:Thereisarehellip(介词短语)hellipThereisazooonBridgeStreetThereisasupermarketnexttothebankThereisabusstopbehindthehospitalTherearetwopayphonesinfrontoftheparkThereisalibraryacrossfromtheclothesshopA:ExcusemeIsthereasupermarketnearhereYou:WalkalongNewStreetTurnleftatthefirstcrossingWalkalongBridgeandturnleftwhenyouseethelibraryThesupermarketisbetweenthehotelandthelibraryA:ThankyouverymuchYou:YoursquorewelcomeA:ExcusemeIstherealibrarynearhereYou:WalkalongBridgeStreetTurnleftatthefirstcrossingThenyoucanseethelibraryonyourrightItrsquosacrossfromaparkA:ThankyouverymuchYou:YoursquorewelcomeReviewthenewwordsandphrasesofthisunitMakeaconversationtointroduceyourfavoriteplaces*

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Unit 8 Is there a post office near here?优质课件

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