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首页 新概念二册词组总结.doc

新概念二册词组总结.doc

新概念二册词组总结.doc

上传者: olargg 2018-03-11 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《新概念二册词组总结doc》,可适用于外语资料领域,主题内容包含Lessons一、常用词组和语言点gotothetheatre去看戏gotothefilmmovie去看电影interesting令人感兴趣的(表示符等。

Lessons一、常用词组和语言点gotothetheatre去看戏gotothefilmmovie去看电影interesting令人感兴趣的(表示主动)Interested对helliphellip感到有趣的(表示被动)getangry生气get为系动词。如:Igotboredatthelectureturnround转过身roundaround指在周围如:lookroundaround向四周看angrilyadv生气地(形容词argry变y为i再加ly成为副词。)如:happyrarrhappilypayattention注意(后常接介词to)如:Youshouldpayattentiontoyourhandwritingintheend最后(近义词:atlastfinally)noneofyourbusiness不关你的事getup起床stayinbed呆在床上until直到nothellipuntil直到helliphellip才helliphellipWhataday!W对名词感叹How对形容词、副词感叹。justthen就在那时(justnow刚才)Lessons一、常用词组和语言点visit:gotusee拜访参观publicgardens公园teachsbsth教某人某事(teach接双宾语)lendsbsth借给某人某物sendhellipto寄给helliphellip(比较:sendof:派人去请)onthelastnight在最后一天晚上(具体日期前用介词on)makeadecision做出决定decide(V)receivegetaletterfromsbhearfromsb收到某人的来信agreatnumberof:many许多(后加可数名词)flyto:gotohellipbyplanetakeaplanetohellip飞往Lessons一、常用词组和语言点attheaiport在机场(at强调ldquo点rdquo)trytodohellip设法做(不一定成功)while当helliphellip时候(常与进行时连用)keepguard守卫toonersquossurprise令某人惊讶的是(如:tomysurprise)toonersquosrelief令人长舒一口气的是toonersquosexcitement令人兴奋的是toonersquosdisappointment令人失望的是befullof装满(近义词组befilledwith)enterfor报名参加(考试等)win比赛战斗hellip获胜Lessons一、常用词组和语言点rrrrbefivemilesfrom地点离helliphellip英里cover()覆盖经常用作becoveredwith由helliphellip覆盖()距离相当于travelWecaveredmilesyesterday昨天我们走了英里。inthreeminutes=inthreeminutesrsquotime用分钟时间uptonow到现在为止agreatmany可数名词许多大量sparepart零部件备件onetheother一个另一个(共两者)inthisway以这种方式用这种方法moveto搬到knockat敲helliphellipaskfor要helliphellip(注意区别askldquo问rdquo)aglassof一杯helliphellipinreturnforhellip做为helliphellip的回报standononersquoshead倒立goaway走开callat光顾拜访onceamonth每月一次twiceamonth每月两次threetimesamonth每月三次Lessons一、常用词组和语言点onWednesdayevening在星期三晚上morningafternoonevening等词前有具体的限定词时一般用介词on如果限定词为thisthatlastnext等时不用介词。如::onafinemorningthatmorningacrowdof一群alargecrowdof一大群theminutehand分针thehourhand时针Thesecondhand秒针refusetodo拒绝做helliphellipatthatmoment在那一刻那时belongto属于trytodo设法做allowsbtodohellip允许某人做afriendofmyfatherrsquos(双重所有格)我父亲的一位朋友Lessons一、常用词组tttalawyerrsquosoffice律师事务所borrowhellipfrom向hellip借(lendhellipto借给payback偿还(payoff还清)payfor为hellip付钱acrosstheAtlantic横渡大西洋setout出发启程plentyof可数不可数许多大量(指足够或超出所需要的量)saygoodbyetohellip向hellip告别beaway离开beproudof以hellip为自豪takepartin参加Lessons一、常用词组和语言点agroupof一群atpresent目前atthestation在火车站duringthistime在此期间giveaperformance演出asusual像往常一样haveadifficulttime日子不好过(近义表达法:haveahardtime)keeporder维持秩序onhellipoccasion在helliphellip场合driveon继续行驶ontheway在路上wavetohellip向helliphellip招手askforalift要求搭车assoonas一helliphellip就helliphellip(引导时间状语从句)saygoodmorningto向helliphellip问早上好apartfrom除helliphellip之外afew可数名词几个(表肯定)few可数名词没几个(表否定)neither(两者之中的)任何一个不helliphellip(后接单数)Lesson一、常用词组和语言点feelnervous感到紧张(feel系动词)lookup抬头看cancouldaffordtodo负担得起做某事inaweakvoice无力地说Inhellipvoice用helliphellip声音atrafficpoliceman交警welcomehellipto欢迎到helliphellip来payattentionto注意failtodo没能做noparking不许停车Notalking不许说话。Nosmoking不许吸烟。Nolittering不许乱扔杂物。Lesson一、常用词组和语言点atleast至少(反义词组atmost最多)inspiteof尽管(近义词despite)takepartin参加inadress穿一条裙子growup长大lookfor寻找haveagoodmeal吃得好paythebill付帐单givebackto还给helliphellipLesson一、常用词组和语言点atanymoment在任何时候随时hurrytohellip勿忙赶往sellout售完Whatapity!真遗憾!真可惜!justthen就在那时(注意区别:justnow刚才)atonce立刻马上(近义词:immediately)mightmayaswell动原还是helliphellip好insteadof代替(注意区别:instead。Insteadof往用于句中而instead往往用于句尾)giveup放弃awasteof浪费helliphellipbeinterestedin对helliphellip感兴趣Lesson一、常用词组和语言点drivesbmad逼疯nightandday日日夜夜forsomereason由于某种原因comeintouse开始使用(类似表达法:comeinto)driveaway赶走knockdown撞倒asumofmoney一笔钱alargesumofmoney一大笔钱bedeterminedtodo决心做某事dreamofabouthellip梦想helliphellipreceivealetterfromsbhearfromsb收到某人的来信apieceof一张一片thinkof想helliphelliptenmonthslater十个月后writetosb给某人写信eachother互相(指两者之间三者以上用oneanother)decidetodo决心做某事Lesson一、常用词组和语言点rrrhavealetterfromsbreceivealetterfromsb收到某人的来信nextyear明年gethaveasurprise惊讶inthecountry在乡下Itlooksstrange它看起来古怪(look为系动词)feelupset感到烦恼感到难受(feel为系动词)complainabouthellip抱怨helliphellipaknockatthedoor一阵敲门声(knock为名词)Lesson一、常用词组和语言点unusual不同寻常的(反义词:usual)fromhelliptohellip从helliphellip到helliphellipsincethen自那时起ontheroofof在helliphellip的顶上onanotheroccasion还有一次另一次asusual象往事一样callouttohellip向helliphellip高喊so形容词副词that句子如此helliphellip以至于fallinto掉入insight在视线中看得见(反义词组:outofsight看不见)runaway跑开throwbackto扔回Lesson一、常用词组和语言点arrivein大地点到达arriveat小地点gettoreachatlast终于最后thewaytohellip去helliphellip的路notonlyhellipbuthellipaswellnotonlyhellipbuthellipnotonlyhellipbutalsohellip不仅helliphellip而且neitherhellipnorhellip既不helliphellip也不helliphellipeachother互相(指两者)alotof=lotsof许多大量ofcourse当然inthesameway以同样的方式betterthan胜过whetherhelliporhellip是否helliphellip还是helliphellipforamomentforawhile一会upsidedown弄倒了挂倒了Lesson一、常用词组和语言点putup搭起建起inthemiddleof在helliphellip中间assoonashelliphellip一helliphellip就helliphellipsmellgood闻着香(smell为系动词)tellastorytellstories讲故事singasongsingsongs唱歌bythecampfire在营火旁(by:在hellip旁边如bythewindow在窗户旁边)putout熄灭sleepsoundly睡得香(也可以用haveasoundsleep表示)wakeup醒来befullofhellip装满helliphellipwinditsway蜿蜒而过(类似表达:fightonersquosway杀过去feelonersquosway摸索行进shoulderonersquosway用肩膀撞着过去)believein信任becauseof名词代词由于(because句子)haveaneffect起作用turnhelliptointo把变成Lesson一、常用词组和语言点tellsbaboutsth告诉某人某事usedtodosth过去常常做某事beusedtosthbeusedtodoingsth习惯做某事atthattime在那时makespareparts制作零部件employ在那时雇(employment名词employee雇员employer雇主)thelongroadtoseccess漫长的成功之路inhistwenties在他多岁的时候(如:inherseventies在她多岁的时候)asadjadv原级as像helliphellip一样notashellipas=notsohellipas不像helliphellip一样thaneverbefore比以往任何时候awelldressedwoman一个穿着讲究的妇女(注意dress用过去分词类似的表达方式还有:awarmheartedman一个热心肠的人awhitehairedman一个白发的人handsthtosb把某物递给某人(也可用handsbsth)wrapup包起来thanusual比平常ashellipaspossible尽可能helliphellipfindout发现onceaweek每周一次Lesson一、常用词组和语言点beabletodohellip能做helliphellipsetout出发启程becaughtinastorm遇上了风暴becaughtinarain淋雨onarrivingattheshore一到岸上(on动名词=assoonas句子。如:Onhearingthenews,shebecameveryexcited也可说Assoonassheheardthenews,shebecameveryexcited)nothellipanyonenomorehellip不再pickup)拾起拣起如:pickupastonefromthebround)接收信号pickupradiosignal(接收无线电信号))用车去接某人)开始学IpickedupFrenchtwomonthsagocallat地点callonsb拜访thelocalpolice当地警察局beworried担心mostsurprised:verysurprised非常惊讶(ldquomost形容词rdquo前不用the时不是形容词最高级most相当于very)wakeup醒来wakesbup叫醒某人Lesson一、常用词组和语言点usedtodo过去常常做某事ashortwhileagoashorttimeago不久前regret后悔)regretdoing后悔做过helliphellip)regrettodo后悔去做helliphellipseesbdo看见某人做过某事seesbdoing看见某人正在做某事(其它的感观动词如:watch,hear等也有这种用法)fullofhellip装满helliphellipdriveathellip开车向helliphellip冲去drivetohellip朝helliphellip方向开(类似的表达法如:throwto扔向helliphellipthrowat砸向helliphellip)such名词thathellipso形容词副词thathellip如此helliphellip以至于helliphellipshortlyafterwards没过多久set,up创立建立(setupanewworldrecord创新的世界纪录)setout出发besuretodohellip肯定会做helliphellipintendtodo想做helliphellipeverytwohours每两个小时onthecoast在海岸Lesson一、常用词组和语言点infouryearsrsquotimeinfouryears四年后agreatmany可数名词许多大量Olympicstandard奥运会标准的bytheendof到helliphellip末例:bytheendofnextmonth到下个月底前lookforwardto盼望着(to为介词后边接名词或动名词)returnto回到dreamofhellip梦想helliphellipplantodohellip计划做某事settledown安顿下来定居下来nosoonerhellipthanhellip刚一helliphellip就helliphelliphardlyhellipwhenhellip刚一helliphellip就helliphellip(用法与nosoonerhellipthan一样如放在句首句子需倒装。)complainabout埋怨抱怨eventhoughevenif即使asif似乎好像intheend最后thinkof想到考虑到morethanhecouldbear超过他能妨受的程度Lesson一、常用词组和语言点inhospital住院asksbtodo要求某人做某事refusetodo拒绝做某事askfor要helliphellipinquireabout寻问allowsbtodo允许某人做helliphellipnextto挨着lookup抬头Lookupathellip抬头看helliphelliptakeaseat坐下sitdownbeseatedbebusydoingbebusywith忙于helliphellipindespair失望中fix凝视使集中(onersquoseyesattentionbeFixedhellip眼睛盯着注意力集中在helliphellip)Ifyouatemoreandtalkedless,wewouldbothenjoyourdinner如果你多吃点少说点我们两个都会吃得好点。此句为虚拟语气与现在事实相反。)与现在事实相反的虚拟条件句:wouldcouldIfhellip过去式(be的过去式用were)hellipmight动原shouldhellip)与过去事实相反的虚拟条件句:wouldcouldIfhelliphad过去分词mighthave过去分词shouldhellip)与将来事实相反的虚拟条件句(有两种构成方式):wouldcouldA:Ifhellipshould动原might动原shouldhellipshouldcouleB:Ifhellipwereto动原might动原shouldLesson一、常用词组和语言点saytosb对某人来说lookatoneselfinthemirrow照镜子infrontof在helliphellip前面regretdoing后悔做过某事atonce立刻马上neechrsquothavesaidthat没必要这么说(与过去事实相反的虚拟语气)remindsbofhellip提醒某人helliphelliphaveawalk散步goforawalk去散步havearest休息afteratimeafterawhile过了一会儿assoonashellip一helliphellip就helliphellippickup拣起拾起becoveredwith覆盖着(文中指镶嵌着)haveaglimpseof看一眼看一下tellthedifferencebetweenhellipandhellip辩别helliphellip之间的不同Lesson一、常用词组和语言点forthefirsttime第一次atfirst起初beabletodo能做helliphelliptakephotographs照像runintotroublegetintotrouble陷入困境atonepoint在某个地方Itseemscertainthathellip似乎肯定getoverthemountains越过山头insight在视线中(看得见)taketherisk冒helliphellip的风险rushuptohellip跑到helliphellip跟前haveapicnic野餐attheedgeof在helliphellip边上so形容词副词that如此helliphellip以至于helliphellipoutofbreath上气不接下气catchupwith追上超上gothrough翻看such名词thathellip如此helliphellip以至于helliphellipLesson一、常用词组和语言点alargesumofmoney一大笔钱returehellipto归还helliphellipwrapup包起来payback偿还payoff还清payforhellip为helliphellip付钱inthisway用这种方法以这种方式anumberof可数名词许多accountfor)说明原因)占helliphellip(多大比例)thefactthatoneoftheboxeswasextremelyheavythat引导同位语从句Itoccurstosb某人突然想起helliphellipbeastonishedathellip惊讶于helliphellipontopof在helliphellip顶部apileof一堆helliphellipsohellipthathellip如此helliphellip以至于helliphelliprunaway逃跑admitdoinghellip承认做过helliphelliphaveatrip做一次旅行confinehelliptohellip限制在helliphellip范围内ordersbtodo命令某人做Lesson一、常用词组和语言点forsale待售bhaunted闹鬼gotosleep入睡(近义词组fallasleep)heardastangemoisecomingfromthebar听到酒吧里传来了一阵奇怪的声音(coming为现在分词做宾语补足语)thenextmorning第二天(用于叙述故事等前边加the)turnoff关(灯)(反义词组:turnon打开)gotobad上床睡觉evenif即使giveaway送掉放弃(机会等)pullout拨出forawhile一会儿trytodo设法做某事befullof装满helliphellipeitherhelliporhellip或者helliphellip或者helliphellipmakeanoise制做噪音makenoisesbebusydoing忙于做某事(bebusywithsth)feelworried感到担心(feel为系动词)atlast最后终于(近义词词组:finally,intheend)removehellipfrom从helliphellip挪走Lesson一、常用词组和语言点tiredofsleepingonthefloor由于对睡地板感到疲倦betiredofdoing对helliphellip感到疲倦此分词短语省略了being,作原因状语。saveup存储攒钱carrysthontohellip把某物搬移到某处(onto可拼写为一个词也可分开onto表示动作的方向into也有此类用法)blowup(恶劣天气)来临并加剧(blowblewblown)agustofwind一阵大风(gust表示ldquo一阵强风狂风rdquogust可单独使用也可用于词组ldquoagustofrdquo)crashingintothecountyardbelow将床摔碎在下面的院子里(现在分词短语作ldquoitrdquo的宾语补足语)nothellipuntil直到helliphellip才helliphellipwakeup醒来smashtopieces摔成碎片Glancingatthebitsofhellip(本句中ldquoglancingathelliprdquo现在分词短语作时间状语意为:Afterheglancedat)glanceat瞥视一瞥takeforaride就当作是一次兜风takehellipfor把helliphellip当作helliphelliploseonersquosway迷路mytriptookmelongerthanIexpectedtake此处意为ldquo花费(时间)通常用ldquoitrdquo作形式主语的结构:Ittakessb不定式IttakesmetenminutestoreadEnglisheverymorninggetonthebus上公共汽车getagoodviewofcountryside饱览美丽的乡村风光Irsquolltellyouwheretogetoff我会告诉你在哪下车(wheretogetoff=whereyoushouldgetoff)Thisisasfaraswego我们的车就到此为止了。asfaras表示ldquo达到helliphellip程度rdquo(限度)forgettodoforgetdoing忘记做某事Iforgottotellyouthehomework忘记做过某事inthisthatcase既然这样那样的话preferto更愿意做helliphellipLesson一、常用词组和语言点thingsgotsobad情况变得如此糟糕(things用作复数表示情形、状况事情)goonadiet进行节食ondiet节食firstofall首先writeout写出payavisittosb拜访某人asfatasever与往常一样胖asever是asheeverwas的省略形式。如:asbeautifulasever,asquickaseverItwasobviousthathewasveryembarrassed显然他感到很尴尬。此句ldquoItrdquo为先行主语that引导一个名词从句作真正的主语动词不定式也可做真正主语。如:ItshardtoseethestarsonsuchadayItcontainedfivelargebarsofchocolate里面装了五块大巧克力。Contain和include都有ldquo包含、包括rdquo的意思。但contain通常指在某个容器中包含include的主语范围也广contain指包含的全部事物而include指其中一部分ldquo包括rdquo并不一定是全部物品。raise和riseraise:为及物动词ldquo提起rdquoldquo举起rdquoldquo使升高rdquoldquo提高rdquoldquo增加rdquoldquo养育rdquo例如:raisehand举手raisesalary增加工资raiseafamily养家糊口rise:为不及物动物升高上涨(太阳、月亮)升起过去式为rose过去分词risen。例如:ThemoonrosefromthetopofthetreeTheriverisrisingaftertherainlay和lieLay为及物动物后在直接加宾语意为ldquo平放rdquoldquo搁rdquoldquo布置rdquoldquo准备rdquo等过去式和过去分词为ldquolaidldquo例如:Helaidhiscoatonthechair他把大衣放在了椅子上Wheredidyoulaymybook?你把我的书放在哪儿了?lie为不及物动词ldquo躺rdquoldquo平卧rdquoldquo躺下rdquo等。现在分词为ldquolyingrdquo过去式为ldquolayldquo过去分词为lain例如:Theylieonthebeachallday他们一整天都在沙滩上躺着。Thedoctortoldmetolie(down)onthebed医生叫我躺在床上。beat和winbeat意为ldquo击败rdquoldquo打败rdquoldquo战胜rdquo过去式为beat过去分词beaten后常接ldquo人rdquoTheenemywasbeatenback敌人被击退了。win意为ldquo获胜rdquoldquo赢得rdquo过去式过去分词为won后常接ldquo比赛rdquo等TheFranceteamwontheworldcupIhavebeenworkinghardallmorning我辛辛苦苦干了整整一个上午。此句用了现在完成进行时结构为:主havehasbeendoing此时态表示某一动作在一段时间内持续进行而且动作有现在的结果。例如:Ithasbeenrainingthewholenight整个晚上一直都在下雨。gethellipinorder把helliphellip整理好tomakemattersworse更糟糕的是matters用作复数形式表示ldquo事情rdquoldquo事态rdquoldquo状况rdquoashortwhileago几分钟之前getabigsurprise大吃一惊gazeat紧盯目光一动不动inyoursparetime在你空闲的时候Lesson一、常用词组和语言点atlast最后终于putout扑灭熄灭findout(经过努力)发现找出theremainsofasnake一条死蛇remainsofhelliphelliphellip尸体残骸ldquoremainsrdquo用复数inthisway就这样用这种方法以这种方式snatchup抓住whenitdidsohellip当它这样做的时候ldquosordquo此处指前面提到过的动作causeandreasoncause和reason做名词之意时都表示ldquo原因rdquoldquo理由rdquo可互相替换但cause与介词of连用reason与介词for连用atschool上学atwork工作(在名词前省略了定冠词ldquotherdquo泛指在干什么。)atexactlythatmoment恰恰在此时bebusydoingsth忙于做某事如:Irsquombusypreparingmyexam我这忙着准备考试。becoveredwith被helliphellip覆盖pickup拿起拣起搭起ringbacklater晚一点再来电话hangupthereceiver挂掉电话whatamess一团糟糟糕透顶nosoonerhellipthanldquo刚(一)helliphellip就rdquoLesson一、常用词组和语言点cometrue成为现实Itissaid据说(在课文中作插入语)usedtodosth过去常常(惯常)做某事否定式可用usednot,缩写usednrsquot或didnrsquotuseto,后面只能接动词不定式beusedto习惯于helliphellip的后面接名词或动名词(ving)形式。failto接不定式表否定意为ldquo不能rdquo或ldquo失败rdquo做某事armedwiththenowmachine由于装备着这台新机器过去分词短语作状语表伴随状态。ldquoarmrdquo本意为名词ldquo胳膊rdquo此处用作动词。ldquoarmwithrdquo装备helliphelliptheentrancetothecave洞的入口ldquotordquo表示ldquo属于rdquo如:thekeytothedoor,theanswertothequestioninspiteofthis尽管如此would与usedto都可以用来表示已经不存在的习惯或状态两词有时可以互相替换有时则不可以。()would不可用于一个故事或叙述的开始。usedto可用于开始然后用would描述习惯性动作。例:WeusedtohavesportsintheafternoonwhenwewereinprimaryschoolWewouldplaybasketball,wouldswim,andhellip()在强调与现在的对比时用usedto合适。例:Weusedtodoexerciseeverymorning,butnowIgiveitup()Would需要指出具体时间而usedto则不必。IusedtolivenearmyworkandIwouldalwaysgethomeearlyandwouldcooksomedeliciousdishesonceayear每年一次once时间表示ldquo多长时间一次rdquoonceaday一天一次onceaweek一周一次enterfor报名参加(活动、比赛等)agreatdealof大量的(后面接不可数名词)oneof其中之一(后面接可数名词复数)breakdown出故障抛锚spend花费(时间、金钱)spend时间(金钱)(in)doingsthonsth例:Ispendtwentyminutes(in)readingEnglisheverymorningIspendtwentyminutesonEnglisheverymorninghavetroubledoingsth在做某事过程中遇到麻烦bedifferentfrom与helliphellip不同noless不亚于不少于Lesson一、常用词组和语言点Theassistantwhoservedhernotlikethewayshewasdressed接待她的售货员不喜欢她的那副打扮。此句中含有两个关系从句其中ldquowhoservedherrdquo修饰先行词theassistantldquoshewasdressedrdquo修饰thewayldquobedressedrdquo常用被动语态表示ldquo打扮rdquo。Shereturnedtotheshopthefollowingmorningdressedinafurcoatwithhellipintheother句中ldquodressedinafurcoatrdquo过去分词短语作状语表伴随状态介词ldquowithrdquo引导的介词短语也作伴随状语。seekout找出、找到Notrealizingwhoshewashellip没有认出她是谁hellip现在分词短语作伴随状语动词前加not表示否定形式还可以用其他否定词如:without,never等。beeagertodo迫不及待地做某事急于做某事enjoyoneselfdoing开心做某事beforefinallybuyinghellip连词before后加现在分词短语代替一个时间状语从句。主besaid据说(是对不太有把握的事情发表看法时一种谨慎的说法。)butitisonlyinrecentyearsthatithashellip但是只是近几年来才helliphellipItiswas被强调部分thatwho此为强调句或分裂句结构被强调部分可以为主语、宾语、补语一般强调人时用ldquowhordquo例ItwasTomwhowenttothetheatreinabluesuityesterdayeveningItwasyesterdayeveningthatTomwenttothetheatreinabluesuithavethdtreeoutdown把树砍掉havehas宾过去分词叫别人去完成某件事过去分词短语作宾语补足语例外:Hehadhishaircut意思为:HeaskedThehairdressertocuthishairsofar迄今为止pointout指出inspiteof尽管不顾不管。Inspiteofallthathasbeensaid是介词短语作让步状语。thathasbeensaid是all的定语ldquothatrdquo不能省略。notoneofthem没有一个人意为ldquononeoftherdquoldquonoonerdquoldquonobodyrdquo但语气要强strikedown(常用被动语态)使突然死去使病倒Lesson一、常用词组和语言点everytime每当每次(作连词引导一个时间状语从句)complainof抱怨(或complainabout)becomeanexpertathellip成为helliphellip方面专家能手sothat为的是(引导目的状语从句)同样带ldquotordquo的不定式ldquoinordertordquoldquosoastordquo以及ldquoinorderthatrdquo都可以引导目的状语。inordernotto和soasnotto为否定形式意思为ldquo为了不helliphelliprdquoldquo以防helliprdquolookinto查看arelationofyours你的一个亲戚(名词双重所有格结构)intendtodo计划打算想要thatisall就这些事(做结束语用)Arelationofiscomingtoseeyou你的一个亲戚要来看你。(现在进行时态表即将要发生的动作。表示从一个地方运动到另一个地方的动词通常有这种用法。如:arrive,come,drive,go,fly,leave,start,travel等)例:TheChristmasDayiscoming圣诞节快到了。Heisarrivingthismorning他将于早晨到达。Lesson一、常用词组和语言点atacostof造价为helliphellip耗资helliphellip以helliphellip的价格rightfromthestart从最开始troublewiththeHubble哈勃望远镜有问题(注意介词with)puthellipright纠正错误、校正eagleeye鹰眼(也可作ldquo锐利的目光rdquo意)thousandsof成千上万的(注意s和of同时出现)undercontrol受到控制在控制中comeon开始来临washaway冲刷putout熄灭takeroot生根inplaceof代替(类似的动词短语takeplaceof)Lesson一、常用词组和语言点alargecircleoffriends交际很广admiresbforsth钦佩羡慕toonersquossurprise使某人吃惊的是laughat嘲笑serveas用作helliphellip当作helliphellip充当helliphellipporward提出(计划建议等)suggest建议(在suggest、recommend、demand等动词后的宾语从句中谓语动词为should动词原形形式should可以被省略属虚拟语气的一种)Lesson一、常用词组和语言点dressedupas装扮成helliphellip的样子(dress经常用被动式bedressed)setoffdownthemainstreet沿着主街出发了(setoff出发down表示ldquo沿着rdquo、ldquo顺着rdquo)shouldhaveknown本应知道(shouldhave过去分词:表示应该发生但实际上并未发生的事情对过去的虚拟)oughtto应该(相当于should)holdupthetraffic阻碍交通letsboff放过饶恕bythistime到这个时候worthdoing值得做helliphellip有做helliphellip的价值refusetodo拒绝做helliphellipsincethen自那时起havesthdone让(别人)做某事Lesson一、常用词组和语言点spendhislifestudying用毕生精力研究helliphellip(sbspend时间钱onsth(in)doingsth花时间钱做某事)inallpartsoftheworld在世界各地setuphiscamp搭建帐蓬intime及时risklife冒生命危险(risk名词动名词)avoiddoingsth避免做某事nomatter无论不管insistondoingsth坚持做某事preventsbfromdoingsth阻止做某事(介词from可以被省略)Lesson一、常用词组和语言点heavytraffic拥挤的交通Afterhavingbeeninstructed(此部分在句子中做时间状语after后接动名词完成式的被动结构)musthave过去分词表示对过去事情的推测inamournfulvoice用悲伤的声调(inhelliphellipvoice用helliphellip样的声调)beunawareof没有意识到helliphellip没有查觉到helliphellip(beawareof:注意到helliphellip知道helliphellip)catchsightof突然看到helliphellipbreakinto突然helliphellip起来爆发出helliphelliplookon旁观outoftheway不挡路不碍事(反意词组为:intheway)oncemore再一次又一次Lesson一、常用词组和语言点takeitsnamefrom以helliphellip命名beof名词用来表示人或物的特征相当于beof形容词beresponsiblefor对helliphellip需负责任承担责任的gowrong(机器等)发生故障出毛病(go为系动词)slowhellipdown把helliphellip弄慢(slow为动词)Ifhelliphad过去分词wouldcouldmightshouldhave过去分词表示与过去事实不相符的

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