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首页 2012年全国大学生英语初赛试卷(C类).doc.docx

2012年全国大学生英语初赛试卷(C类).doc.docx

2012年全国大学生英语初赛试卷(C类).doc.docx

上传者: 碎月流笙 2018-03-11 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《2012年全国大学生英语初赛试卷(C类).docdocx》,可适用于外语资料领域,主题内容包含NationalEnglishContestforCollegeStudents(LevelCndashPreliminary)(总分:分时间:分符等。

NationalEnglishContestforCollegeStudents(LevelCndashPreliminary)(总分:分时间:分钟)PartIlisteningComprehension(marks)SectionA(marks)Inthissection,youwillhearfiveshortconversationsEachconversationwillbereadonlyonceAftereachconversation,therewillbeatwentysecondpauseDuringthepause,readthequestionandthethreechoicesmarkedA,BandC,anddecidewhichisthebestanswerThenmarkthecorrespondingletterontheanswersheetwithasinglelinethroughthecentreWhatdoesthemansaywecandotodealwithoilcrisisATomakefulluseofoilBTouseaslittleoilaspossibleCTofindalternativeenergyWheredoesthisconversationmostprobablytakeplaceAInaninsurancecompanyBInabankCInasupermarketAccordingtotheman,whoisgoingtotakeoverthepositiontheyaretalkingaboutAJaniceBSomeoneelseCMerylWhatdoesthewomansayaboutthemanrsquosreportforthemeetingAHehastogetitreadybeforetomorrownoonBHehasdonewellenoughCHehasenoughtimetoprepareitHowmanypeoplewillbeontheearthbytheyearaccordingtotheprofessorASomebillionBNearlybillionCOverbillionSectionB(marks)Inthissection,youwillheartwolongconversationsEachconversationwillbereadonlyonceAttheendofeachconversation,therewillbeaoneminutepauseDuringthepause,readthequestionsandthethreechoicesmarkedA,BandC,anddecidewhichisthebestanswerThenmarkthecorrespondingletterontheanswersheetwithasinglelinethroughthecentreConversationOneWhatrsquosthemainjobofSimonrsquosorganizationATheysendoutradiosignalstocommunicatewithotherplanetsBTheylookforlifeandintelligenceonotherplanetsCTheystudystarsthathaveplanetsorbitingaroundthemWhydoestheorganizationsearchforradiosignalsfromspaceATheirpresencemayprovetheexistenceofaliensBTheymayhelpscientistsfindouthowtheuniversestartedCTheyconveymessagesaboutlifeontheearthDoesSimonbelievethosestoriesaboutaliensvisitingourplanetANo,hedoesnrsquotbelievethematallBYes,hedoesbelievethosestoriesbecauseofhisstudyCYes,hebelievesthemalthoughhehasnoevidenceWhichofthefollowingfactorisconsideredtobeimportantinforminglifeaccordingtothepassageAGravityBMineralsCWaterWhendidtheldquobigbangrdquooccurANooneknowsBbillionyearsagoCbillionyearagoConversationTwoWhydidBobmakethenewslastmonthABecausehecriticizedtraditionaljobsBBecauseheearnedalotofmoneyCBecausehetriednewstrategiesinfindingajobInwhichwaydothebestsellerslikeldquoTheBrandCalledYourdquoandldquoThePersonalBrandingPhenomenonrdquohelppeopleATheyadvisepeopletopromotethemselvesasbrandsBTheyteachpeoplehowtobeaperfectpartnerCTheygivepeopletipsforjobinterviewWhendidBobcomeupwiththeideaofusingtheinternettofindajobATenyearsagowhenhewasacollegestudentBWhenhebegantodoresearchbetweenjobsCAfterhelaunchedthecampaignldquoGiveBobaJobrdquoWhatwasthepurposeofBobrsquosmakingthevideoATofulfillhisambitionasadirectorBTosellhisproductslikeTeddybearsandTshirtsCToadvertisehisskillsandtalentsHowcantheinternethelpBobinhisjobsearchexactlyAByhelpinghimmakefriendsBBypassingonthevideohemadeCByprovidingjobinformationforhimSectionC(marks)Inthissection,youwillhearfiveshortnewsitemsAftereachitem,whichwillbereadonlyonce,therewillbeapauseDuringthepause,readthequestionandthethreechoicesmarkedA,BandC,anddecidewhichisthebestanswerThenmarkthecorrespondingletterontheanswersheetwithasinglelinethroughthecentreHowmanytroopsaregoingtowithdrawfromAfghanistanbytheendofnextyearA,B,C,WhatisthefindingofthestudyALowcaloriefoodsmayleadtomoreweightBHighcaloriefoodsmayleadtomoreweightCHighcaloriefoodsmayleadtolessweightWhatdotheconflictingreportsshowaboutradiationATheradiationlevelgivenbyTokyoElectricismuchsmallerthanthatgivenbyothertestsBTheradiationlevelgivenbyothertestsissmallerthanthatgivenbyTokyoElectricCTheradiationleveliscloseto,timesthenormallevelWhyareCaribbeanServiceandEuropeTodayshutdownbyBBCABecauseoftheiroutdatedservicesBBecauseofcutsingovernmentfundingCBecauseoflackoftargetaudienceWhatrsquosthecauseofdemonstrationsincitiesandtownsacrossSyriaATheyarecallingformorefreedomBWorkersdemandhigherpayCSomethirtypeoplewerekilledbythepoliceSectionD(marks)Inthissection,youwillhearashortpassageTherearemissingwordsorphrasesFillintheblankswiththeexactwordsorphrasesyouhearThepassagewillbereadtwiceRemembertowritetheanswersontheanswersheetRecoveryfromjetlagcantakeaslongasadayforeverytimezonecrossedSoifyoursquoreflyingeastwestforyourholidayoronbusiness,itislikelytomeanafewdaysoffeelingtiredorevenunwellJetlagisthe()ofthebodyrsquosnaturalcycleandsomefactorsmakeitworseTheartificialatmosphereinsideaplanecanaffectthebodyinanumberofwaysandaddtotheeffectsofjetlagExercisingbeforeflightshelpstooffsettheeffectsonthebodyofreduced(),andaerobicexerciseafterwardshelpstoreoxygenateitDrinkplentyofwaterChildrenmayneedmoreDrinkingcarrotjuicebeforeflyingovercomesoxygendeficiencyEatlight,frequentmealsHeavymeals()thebloodcirculation,whichcanleadtodizzinessandfaintingFortwoweeksbeforeyoufly,eatplentyoffoodcontainingvitaminsAandEtheywillbuildupyour()andhelptokeepyoufitSleepasmuchasyoucanbeforetheflightandonitOnboard,wearearplugsandeyepadsbecausedarkness()secretionofthehormonesthatenhancesleepAvoidalcohol,whichrestrictsthebrainrsquosoxygenintakeLiketeaandcoffee,alcoholincreasesthedehydrationeffectofflyingIfyouneedtodrinktorelax,()thatthecabinenvironmentintensifiestheeffectofalcoholWearloose,comfortable,warmclothesandlimberupduringflightSittingdownforseveralhoursslowsdownthe(),leadingtolocalstiffness,crampsanddizzinessReadjusttolocaltimeassoonasyoucanBrightlighthelpsthebodystayalert,soifyouaregoingsomewheresunny,stayoutsideDonotsmokebeforeorduringtheflightsincesmoking()thebloodoxygenlevelIfyouneedtocalmyournerves,tryaromatherapyoilswhichhaveasedativeeffect()yourdoctorbeforeflyingifyouareonmedicationTheeffectsofsomedrugsarestrengthenedathighaltitudesandsomemayproduce()PartIIVocabularyandStructure(marks)ThereareincompletesentencesinthissectionForeachblanktherearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,CandDChoosetheonethatbestcompletesthesentenceThenmarkthecorrespondingletterontheanswersheetwithasinglelinethroughthecentreWhatweallworkforistofreetimeforthethingswereallywanttodoAoffBupCasideDinYouhiswordsseriouslyHewastalkingnonsenseAwonrsquottakeBmaynottakeCmustnrsquothavetakenDneednrsquothavetakenNeverhesitatetothefirstopportunitythatcomesalongAseizeBdrawCwhothatDobtainHismotherhatedcitylifelongedtoreturntothevillageinshegrewupAthatwhereBwhowhichCwhothatDwhowhereAllthings,IthinkIrsquodbettertakeyouradviceAconsideringBtobeconsideredCconsideredDhavebeenconsideredTwelveEuropeancountriesovertotheEuroonJanuaryst,AtransformedBswitchedCreversedDalteredSheisnrsquotanythingunpleasantaspeoplesaysheisAaslikeBlikeCasDlikeasStopcomplainingYoureallymynervesAgetdownBgetalongCgetoffDgetonTherewasnrsquottruthinwhathesaidAagrainofBarayofCapointofDadropofformysavings,IwouldnrsquotbeabletosurvivethesemiserabledaysAWasitnotBWereitnotCHaditbeennotDHadnrsquotitbeenTherewasapowercutthismorning,IcouldnrsquotdoanythingwithmycomputerASupposedlyBPresumablyCConsequentlyDEssentiallyAlarmclocksneedlesslywakehouseholdsIwanttodesignsomethingtargetedattheindividualsleeperAwholeBtotalCfullDhighbothpartiesagreeontheseissueswillacontractbesignedsoonAIfonlyBUnlessCShouldDOnlyifmdashIrsquoverunoutofcashCouldyoulendmeafewpoundsthiseveningmdashIrsquolljusthavetofindtimetogettothebankandmakeawithdrawalAIcanlendyousomenowBIrsquomnotsureIrsquovegotanyeitherCSorry,IhavenrsquotgotapennyinmyaccountDMycreditcardmustbelefthomemdashWersquoreallgoingtotheNewSkylineRestaurantforourendofyeargettogetherCanwecountyouinmdashOh,thanks,Sara,butAIdidnrsquotfindyouthenBIrsquovebeentotherestaurantonceCIrsquollpassthistimeDIrsquollmeetyouthereat:PartIIICloze(marks)ReadthefollowingpassageandfillineachblankwithonewordChoosethecorrectwordinoneofthefollowingthreeways:accordingtothecontext,byusingthecorrectformofthegivenword,orbyusingthegivenlettersofthewordRemembertowritetheanswersontheanswersheetDidyouknowthatforevery,novelswritten,onlyonegetspublishedSothe()(likely)thatIrsquolleverfulfillmyambitionofbecomingaprofessionalmysterywriterdoesnrsquotseemveryhighButtheprospectofturningmylifelongpassionintomylivelihoodandachievingfameand()foratthesametimeisjusttooexcitingformetobeputoffbydullstatisticsSowhatdoesit()ttobecomeawriterReadingisimportantmdashallwritersneedtoresearchtheirgenrethoroughlytofamiliarizethemselves()itscodesandconventionsMybookshelvesathomearestackedwiththenovelsofallthegreatmysterywriters,whichIrsquovereadandinmanycases,reread,despite()(know)allthetimeldquowhorsquoddoneitrdquoOfcourse,beingawriterrequiresimaginationYouhavetodevelopyourownpersonalstyleratherthansimplycopytheworkofldquothegreatsrdquoIrsquoveturnedout()dofshortcrimestoriesformyuniversitystudentmagazinemdashsomehavebeenpublished,somenot,butIrsquovealwaysaimedtoproduceoriginalandimaginativematerialLastbutnot(),successfulwriterspossessenormousselfdisciplineIrsquoveoftensacrificedmysociallifeinordertodevotethenecessarytimeandefforttoproducingagoodqualitystoryAndmorethanoncethathasmeant()themidnightoilWersquovegotanovelinsideusGettingitoutinanywherenearpublishableformisno()task,butwithimaginationanddetermination,andthehelpofanexpertonldquomasterclassrdquo,whocouldpossiblyfailto()retheirambitionPartIVReadingComprehension(marks)ReadthefollowingpassagesEachpassageisfollowedbyseveralquestionsRespondtothequestionsusinginformationfromthepassageRemembertowritetheanswersontheanswersheetSectionA(marks)QuestionsmdasharebasedonthefollowingpassageThetermcultureshockwasintroducedforthefirsttimeintodescribetheanxietyproducedwhenapersonmovestoacompletelynewenvironmentThistermexpressesthefeelingofnotknowingwhattodoorhowtodothingsinanewenvironmentThistermexpressesthefeelingofnotknowingwhattodoorhowtodothingsinanewenvironmentWecandescribecultureshockasthephysicalandemotionaldiscomfortapersonsufferswhencomingtoliveinaplacedifferentfromtheplaceoforiginOften,thewaythatwelivebeforeisnotacceptedorconsideredasnormalinthenewplaceEverythingisdifferent,forexample,notspeakingthelanguage,notknowinghowtousebankingmachines,notknowinghowtousetelephones,andsoforthThesymptomsofcultureshockcanappearatdifferenttimesAlthoughapersoncanexperiencerealpainfromcultureshock,itisalsoanopportunityforgrowingandlearningnewperspectivesCultureshockcanhelppeopledevelopabetterunderstandingofthemselvesandstimulatepersonalcreativityCultureshockhasmanystagesEachstagecanbeongoing,orappearonlyatcertaintimesInthefirststage,thenewarrivalmayfeelveryhappyaboutallofthenewexperienceThistimeiscalledthehoneymoonstageAfterward,thesecondstagepresentsitselfApersonmayencountersomedifficultiesindailylifeForexample,communicationdifficultiesmayoccur,suchasnotbeingunderstoodInthisstage,theremaybefeelingsofimpatience,angerandsadnessTransitionbetweentheoldmethodsandthoseofthenewcountryisadifficultprocessandtakestimetocompleteThethirdstageischaracterizedbygainingsomeunderstandingofthenewcultureAnewfeelingofpleasureandsenseofhumormaybeexperiencedApersonmaystarttofeelapsychologicalbalanceTheindividualismorefamiliarwiththeenvironmentandwantstobelongThisstartsanevaluationoftheoldwaysversusthoseofthenewInthefourthstage,thepersonrealizesthatthenewculturehasgoodandbadthingstoofferThisstagecanbeoneofdoubleintegrationortripleintegration,dependingonthenumberofculturesthatthepersonhastoprocessThisintegrationischaracterizedbyamoresolidfeelingofbelongingThepersonstartstodefinehimselforherselfandestablishgoalsforlivingThefifthstageisthestagethatiscalledthereentryshockThisoccurswhenapersonreturnstothenewlyacquiredcustomsareconsideredimproperintheoldcultureQuestionsmdashCompletethesummarywithwordsfromthepassage,changingtheformwherenecessary,withonlyonewordforeachblankIntroducedin,cultureshockisatermusedto()physicalandemotionaldiscomfortpeopleexperiencewhentheycometoorliveinanewplaceAlthoughmanypeoplesufferalotfromcultureshock,itisan()forpersonalimprovementThefivestagesofcultureshockmaylastforalongtimeorshowuponceinawhileInthefirststage,the()stage,thenewarrivalmightbeOKwitheverythingAfterward,()fromoldmethodstothenewonecallsfortimeandenergyDuringthethirdandfourthstage,peoplemaygainmoreunderstandingofthenewcultureandpossessobjectiveviewsThedoubleortripleintegrationis()byafeelingofbelongingThelaststage,calledreentryshock,referstothefeelingpeoplehavewhenreturningtotheirhomecountrySectionB(marks)QuestionsarebasedonthefollowingpassageForsomepeople,itwouldbeunthinkableButGabeHendersonisfindingfreedominarecentdecisionhecanceledhisMySpaceaccountTheyearsoldgraduatestudentstoppedhisaccountafterrealizingthatalotofhisonlinefriendswerereallyjustacquaintancesldquoThesuperficialemptinesscloudedtheexcitementIhadoncefelt,rdquoHendersonwroteinanarticleldquoItseemswehavelost,tosomedegree,thespecialdepththattruefriendshipisaboutrdquoJournalismprofessorMichaelBugeja,whoisastrongsupporteroffacetofacecommunication,readHendersonrsquoscolumnandsawitwasasignofhopeThoughhersquosnotantitechnology,Bugejaoftenlecturesstudentsaboutldquointerpersonalintelligencerdquomdashknowingwhen,where,andforwhatpurposetechnologyismostappropriateHepointsoutthestudentshersquosseenwalkingacrosscampus,holdinghandswitheachotherwhiletalkingoncellphonestosomeoneelseHersquosalsoseenthemincoffeeshops,surroundedbypeople,butstaringinsteadatacomputerscreenldquoTruefriends,rdquohesays,ldquoneedtolearnwhentostopbloggingandgoacrosscampustohelpafriendrdquoThesedays,youngpeoplearemorewiredthanevermdashbuttheyrsquorealsogettingmoreworriedIncreasingly,theyrsquovehadtodealwithonlinebullies,whoarepostinganythingfromembarrassingphotostoonlinethreatsAndincreasingly,youngpeoplealsoarerealizingthatthingstheypostontheirprofilescancomebacktohurtthemwhenapplyingforschoolsorjobsSocialnetworkingcanbeanldquoextremelyeffectiverdquowaytopublicizeeventstolargegroupsItcanevenhelpbuildasenseofcommunityoncampusPeoplejoinedFacebookasawaytomeetothersHowever,ithaslimitationsAgoodInternetprofilecouldmakeeventhemostboringpersonseemsomewhatinterestingPeoplearealsonotalwayshappywithtextmessagesonthecellphonesCellphonescanbeaquickwaytosayldquohaveagooddayrdquoBriendscanalsocancelanightoutwithatextmessagetoavoidhavingtoexplainldquoOurgenerationneedstogetoverthisfearofconfrontationandrejectionrdquoHendersonsaysldquoThefocusneedstobeonqualitycommunication,inallwaysrdquoBackinhislife,HendersonisenjoyingspendingmorefacetofacetimewithhisfriendsandlesswithhiscomputerHesayshisdecisiontoquithissocialnetworkingInternetaccountswasagoodoneldquoIrsquomnotsacrificingfriends,rdquohesays,ldquobecauseifapicture,somebasicinformationabouttheirlifeandaWebpageisallmyfriendshiphasbecome,thentherewasnothingtosacrificetobeginwithrdquoQuestionsmdashDecidewhetherthefollowingstatementsaretrue(T)orfalse(F)accordingtothepassageAlthoughHendersonquitMySpace,mostofhisonlinefriendsareactuallyclosefriendsAccordingtoBugeja,youngpeopleshouldknowwhentousetechnologyandwhentostopusingitSocialnetworkinghelpsbuildasenseofcommunitybuthasanegativeeffectonyoungpeoplersquoslifeifitisusedinappropriatelyQuestionsmdashAnswerthefollowingquestionsbrieflyaccordingtothepassageWhatdoesHendersonlosebyusingsocialnetworkingwebsiteslikeMyspaceWhatdoyoungpeopleneedtoovercomeinordertofocusonqualitycommunicationSectionC(marks)QuestionsmdasharebasedonthefollowingpassageldquoFivehellipFourhellipThreehellipTwohellipOnehellipSeeya!rdquoandChanceMcGuire,twentyfive,isairborneoffandashfootconcretedaminNorthernCaliforniaInonesecondhefallsfeet,intwosecondsfeet,andafterthreesecondsandfeet,heisflyingatmilesanhourMcGuireisapractitionerofwhathecallsthekingofallextremesportsBASEmdashanacronymforbuilding,antenna,span(bridge)andearth(cliffs)mdashjumpinghasoneofthesportingworldrsquoshighestfatalityrates:initsyearhistory,fortyndashsixparticipantshavebeenkilledYetthesporthasneverbeenmorepopular,withmorethanathousandjumpersintheUnitedStates,andmoreseekingtogetintoiteverydayItisanactivitywithoutmarginforerrorIfyourchutemalfunctions,donrsquotbotherresearchingforareservemdashthereisnrsquottimeTherearenosecondchancesStill,thesportmaybeaperfectfitwiththetimesAmericansmayhavemoreincommonwithMcGuirethantheyknoworcaretoadmitAmericahasembarkedonanationalorgyofthrillseekingandrisktakingTheriseofadventureandextremesportssuchasBASEjumping,snowboarding,iceclimbing,skateboarding,andparaglidingismerelythemostvividmanifestationofthisnewnationalbehaviorTherisingpopularityofextremesportsspeaksofaneagernessonthepartofmillionsofAmericanstoparticipateinactivitiesclosertotheedge,wheredanger,skill,andfearcombinetogiveweekendwarriorsandprofessionalathletesalikeasenseofpushingoutpersonalboundariesAccordingtoAmericanSportsDataInc,aconsultingfirm,participationinsocalledextremesportsiswayupSnowboardinghasgrownpercentinfiveyearsandnowboastsnearlymillionparticipantsMountainhiking,skateboarding,scubadivingmdashtheirgrowthcurvesrevealanationthatlovestoplaywithdangerContrastthatwithactivitiessuchasbaseball,touchfootball,andaerobics,allofwhichwereinsteadydeclinethroughoutthesThepursuitsthatarebecomingmorepopularhaveonethingincommon:theperceptionthattheyaresomehowmorechallengingthanagameoftouchfootballldquoEveryhumanbeingwithtwolegsandtwoarmsisgoingtowonderhowfast,howstrong,howenduringheorsheis,rdquosaysEricPerlman,amountaineerandfilmmakerspecializinginextremesportsldquoWearedesignedtoexperienceordierdquoQuestionsmdashCompletethefollowingsentenceswithinformationgiveninthepassageinamaximumofwordsforeachblankratesdoesnrsquotstoppeoplefromgettingintoBASEjumpingeverydayTheriseofextremesportsmanifeststhenationalbehaviorofandThecombinationoffear,skillanddangergivesbothamateursandprofessionalsasenseofQuestionsmdashChoosethebestansweraccordingtothepassageWhichofthefollowingactivitiesrevealsanationthatlovestoplayactivitiesclosertotheedgeATouchfootballBBaseballCScubadivingDAerobicsWhatdoesEricmeanbysayingldquoWearedesignedtoexperienceordierdquoALifewithgreatchallengesisameaningfuloneBLifewithoutgreatexperiencesisverycommonCPeoplemaydiewhiledoingextremesportsDExtremesportsareessentialpartsofhumanlifeSectionD(marks)QuestionsmdasharebasedonthefollowingpassageAlbertEinsteinwasoneofthegreatestthinkerstheworldhaseverknownHeformulatedtheoriesofrelativity,successfullydescribedthenatureoftheuniverseandcameupwiththemostfamousequationintheworldDavidBeckhamisthefootballerwhoseskillsandprecisionhavemadehimoneofthemostgiftedsportsmenofhisgenerationWhoismoreintelligentHowGardnerrsquostheoryofmultipleintelligences(MI)daresustoputthesetwomenonneighboringpedestalsInsteadofregardingintelligenceasasinglequantitymeasurablebypenandpapertests,Gardner,aneducationprofessoratHarvardUniversity,divideshumanintelligenceintonofewerthaneightseparatecategoriesrangingfrommathematicaltomusicalcompetence()HisideashaveprovokedvigorousdebateabouthowonedefinesintelligenceGardnerrsquospointisthatquantitymeasuresonlyonecapacity,thesortofmentalagilitythatisvaluedinacademicachievement,andthatthissinglenumberdoesnotdojusticetohumanpotentialSohehascreatedhisownspheresofachievementSome

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