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首页 【书籍】原则-雷·达里奥

【书籍】原则-雷·达里奥.pdf

【书籍】原则-雷·达里奥

荣浩_天天向上荣
2018-01-19 0人阅读 0 0 0 暂无简介 举报

简介:本文档为《【书籍】原则-雷·达里奥pdf》,可适用于经济金融领域

介绍前⾔第⼀章原则的重要性第⼆章我最重要的⽣活原则个⼈成⻓过程实现梦想的五⼤步骤第三章我的管理原则原则汇总列表⼲货贡献和勘误⽬录PrinciplesareconceptsthatcanbeappliedoverandoveragaininsimilarcircumstancesasdistinctfromnarrowanswerstospecificquestionsEverygamehasprinciplesthatsuccessfulplayersmastertoachievewinningresultsSodoeslifePrinciplesarewaysofsuccessfullydealingwiththelawsofnatureorthelawsoflifeThosewhounderstandmoreofthemandunderstandthemwellknowhowtointeractwiththeworldmoreeffectivelythanthosewhoknowfewerofthemorknowthemlesswellDifferentprinciplesapplytodifferentaspectsoflifeeg,thereareskiingprinciplesforskiing,parentingprinciplesforparenting,managementprinciplesformanaging,ldquoinvestmentprinciplesrdquoforinvesting,etcandthereareoverarchinglifeprinciplesthatinfluenceourapproachestoallthingsAnd,ofcourse,differentpeoplesubscribetodifferentprinciplesthattheybelieveworkbest原则是能够在相似场景下反复运⽤的⼀套概念有别于具体问题的狭义回答。每个游戏的获胜者都有⾃⼰遵循的原则⽣活也是如此。原则是应对⾃然或⽣活规律的种种⽅式。对原则理解越透彻越能在⽣活中游刃有余。⽣活的不同⽅⾯也有各⾃的原则例如滑雪有ldquo滑雪原则rdquo做⽗⺟的有ldquo⽗⺟原则rdquo管理有ldquo管理原则投资有ldquo投资原则rdquo等等也存在⽀配⼀切包罗万象的ldquo⽣活原则rdquo。当然每个⼈都有⾃⼰认为最有效的原则。IamconfidentthatwhateversuccessBridgewaterandIhavehadhasresultedfromouroperatingbycertainprinciplesCreatingagreatculture,findingtherightpeople,managingthemtodogreatthingsandsolvingproblemscreativelyandsystematicallyarechallengesfacedbyallorganizationsWhatdifferentiatesthemishowtheyapproachthesechallengesTheprincipleslaidoutinthepagesthatfollowconveyouruniquewaysofdoingthesethings,whicharethereasonsforouruniqueresultsBridgewaterrsquossuccesshasresultedfromtalentedpeopleoperatingbytheprinciplessetouthere,anditwillcontinueiftheseorothertalentedpeoplecontinuetooperatebythemLikegettingfit,virtuallyanyonecandoitiftheyarewillingtodowhatittakes我坚信我和桥⽔联合基⾦所获得的成功都是得益于我们遵循了某些原则。创造了良好的企业⽂化⽤对合适的员⼯指导他们成就⼤业各部⻔都能以有创意的⽅式系统解决问题应对挑战。他们的差异来⾃应对挑战的⽅法不同。本书要详述的原则体现了我们独特的做事⽅法这也是我们脱颖⽽出的原因。桥⽔联合基⾦的成功得益于⼀群遵循原则处事的⼈才们如果后辈⼈才继续遵循这些原则定能续写成功。就像健⾝⼀样只有⼤家都愿意有所付出才能有所收获。Whatiswrittenhereisjustmyunderstandingofwhatittakes:mymostfundamentallifeprinciples,myapproachtogettingwhatIwant,andmyldquomanagementprinciples,rdquowhicharebasedonthosefoundationsTakentogether,theseprinciplesaremeanttopaintapictureofaprocessforthesystematicpursuitoftruthandexcellenceandfortherewardsthataccompanythispursuitIputtheminwritingforpeopletoconsiderinordertohelpBridgewaterandthepeopleIcareaboutmost我来说说遵循原则带来的收获吧:我最根本的⼀套原则实现理想的⼀套⽅法以及基于根本原则下延伸的管理原则。综上所述这些原则帮助我系统地描绘出追求真理和卓越的蓝图收获随之⽽来的回报。我写下这些原则供⼈们参考原本是想为了帮助桥⽔联合基⾦和我最关⼼的⼈们。Untilrecently,IdidnrsquotwriteouttheseprinciplesbecauseIfeltthatitwaspresumptuousformetotellotherswhatwouldworkbestforthemButovertime,IsawthepeoplewhoIcaredaboutmoststrugglingwithproblemsandwantedtohelpthemIalsofoundthattheirproblemswerealmostalwaystheresultofviolatingoneormoreoftheseprinciples,andthattheirproblemscouldbesolvedbyapplyingtheseprinciplesSoIbeganwritingdownthetypesofproblemsandthebrokenprinciplesthatcausedthemWhenIbegan,IdidnrsquotknowhowmanyprinciplesIwouldendupwithbut,throughthisprocess,IdiscoveredthataboutprinciplesprettymuchcoveralltheproblemsIrsquomsurethatIwillcomeupwithmoreasIlearnmore⼀直以来我都没有写下这些原则因为我觉得告诉别⼈怎样最好的⼯作是有点⾃以为是的。但我⽼是发现我最关⼼的那群Introduction简介⼈⽇夜与⼀些棘⼿的问题做⽃争我想帮助他们。我也发现他们的问题⼏乎都是因为或多或少地违背了我想写的这些原则。只要遵循这些原则问题就能迎刃⽽解。于是我开始记录他们遇到的问题写下这些问题背后违背的原则。当初开始写的时候并不知道我会写多少条但在这个过程中我发现⼤概条原则就⾜以解决所有的问题了。当然以后我学的越多也会发现更多新的原则涌现。SinceIlearnedtheseprinciplesbyencounteringrealityandreflectingonmyencounters,andIamstilldoingthesethings,IexpecttherearemoreprinciplestocomeSoIamstillcreatingthisdocumentbythrowingvariousthoughtsdownwhentheyoccurtome,tryingtoputtheminsomesensibleorderandtryingtosmoothoverthebumpsOrganizingtheseprinciplesintoasensibleorderisachallengesincetheyrelatetoeachothermorelikeamatrixthanasasequenceTohelpguideyou,Irsquovetriedtoorganizethemaroundlargethemeslikebuildingagreatculture,managingpeoplewell,andcreativeproblemsolvingIwillcontinuethesethings,sothisisanevolvingdocument我⾃⼰是通过遭遇现实进⾏反思才学到这些原则的。如今我仍在这样做也期待总结出更多新的原则。创建原则总结时我思绪活跃试图以合理的顺序对原则进⾏总结但这些原则之间的关系就像是矩阵⼀样没有明显的次序。为了更好地向你提供指导我尝试以主题类别对这些原则进⾏归类包括创造良好的⽂化管理好员⼯创新问题、解决⽅案等。我会持续更新所以这本书本⾝也是⼀份不断发展完善的⽂件。WhenIsaythatthesearemyprinciples,IdonrsquotmeanthatinapossessiveoregotisticalwayIjustmeanthattheyareexplanationsofwhatIpersonallybelieveIbelievethatthepeopleIworkwithandcareaboutmustthinkforthemselvesIsettheseprinciplesoutandexplainedthelogicbehindthemsothatwecantogetherexploretheirmeritsandstresstestthemWhileIamconfidentthattheseprinciplesworkwellbecauseIhavethoughthardaboutthem,theyhaveworkedwellformeformanyyears,andtheyhavestooduptothescrutinyofthehundredsofsmart,skepticalpeople,IalsobelievethatnothingiscertainIbelievethatthebestwecanhopeforishighlyprobableByputtingthemoutthereandstresstestingthem,theprobabilitiesoftheirbeingrightwillincrease我说这些原则是我的原则并不是狂妄⾃⼤或据为⼰有这些只是我个⼈信奉的理论⽽已。我希望我的合作伙伴和我关⼼的⼈都能⾃⼰独⽴思考。我列出这些原则解释了背后的逻辑我们⼀同探讨这些原则的优点也要继续检验这些原则。我对这些原则颇具信⼼这些都是我冥思苦想得来的多年来在我⾝上证明是⾏之有效的历经数百位聪慧⼈⼠的质疑它们都通过了考验。我也相信世事⽆绝对我想梦想是可以实现的只要把这些原则列出来并予以考验成功的⼏率就会增加。IalsobelievethatthoseprinciplesthataremostvaluabletoeachofuscomefromourownencounterswithrealityandourreflectionsontheseencountersndashnotfrombeingtaughtandsimplyacceptingsomeoneelsersquosprinciplesSo,Iputtheseoutthereforyoutoreflectonwhenyouareencounteringyourrealities,andnotforyoutoblindlyfollowWhatIhopeformostisthatyouandotherswillcarefullyconsiderthemandtryoperatingbythemaspartofyourprocessfordiscoveringwhatworksbestforyouThroughthisexploration,andwiththeirincreasedusage,notonlywilltheybeunderstood,buttheywillevolvefromldquoRayrsquosprinciplesrdquotoldquoourprinciples,rdquoandRaywillfadeoutofthepictureinmuchthesamewayasmemoriesofonersquosskiortennisinstructorfadeandpeopleonlypayattentiontowhatworksSo,whendigestingeachprinciple,pleasehellip同时我认为最有价值的原则都不是教出来的或简单接受他⼈的原则⽽是通过有⾃⼰的现实经历与反思得出来的。书中列出这些原则是供你参照反思⾃⼰的经历⽽不是要你盲⽬遵循我列的这些原则。我最希望看到你能仔细思忖本书之后内容中详述的各种原则尝试使⽤这些原则摸索出最适合⾃⼰的原则。在探寻和不断使⽤中不仅理解这些原则⽽是有⼀天ldquo雷的原则(译者注:作者的名字是雷达⾥奥)rdquo悄然逝去⽽属于你⾃⼰的ldquo我的原则rdquo会跃然纸上。这就像⼈们学会滑雪或⽹球后教练的影⼦也会逐渐淡去我们只会记得那些⾏之有效的东西。justwhatIbelieve,otherswillcertainlyhavetheirownprinciples,andpossiblyeventheirownprinciplesdocuments,andfuturemanagersofBridgewaterwillworkintheirownwaystodeterminewhatprinciplesBridgewaterwilloperatebyAtmost,thiswillremainasonereferenceofprinciplesforpeopletoconsiderwhentheyaredecidingwhatrsquosimportantandhowtobehave本书主要阐述的是我信奉的原则别⼈也有他们信奉的原则他们很可能也有写⾃⼰原则的汇总⽂件。桥⽔联合基⾦公司未来的管理者会以他们⾃⼰的⽅式⼯作决定公司遵循什么原则。⾄多当⼈们⾯临重要决定不知如何⼊⼿时本书能在原则⽅⾯提供⼀些参考。那么在消化每条原则时请做到以下这条:BeforeIdiscussthemanagementprinciplesthemselves,itrsquosimportantformetoarticulatemyownmostfundamentallifeprinciplesbecausemymanagementprinciplesareanextensionofthem在探讨管理原则之前我必须要详述我⽣活中的根本原则因为管理原则也只是它们的延伸扩展。InPart,IexplainwhatImeanbyprinciples,whyIbelievetheyareimportant,andhowtheyareessentialforgettingwhatyouwantoutoflife第⼀章会解释我说的原则是指什么为什么我认为原则很重要以及它们在实现⼈⽣理想中所起的关键作⽤。PartexplainsmymostfundamentallifeprinciplesIdescribewhatIbelievearethebestwaysofinteractingwithrealitytolearnwhatitrsquoslike,andhowtomosteffectivelydealwithittogetwhatyouwantIalsodiscusswhatIbelievearethemostcommontrapsthatpeoplefallintothatpreventthemfromgettingwhattheywant,andhowpeoplersquoslivescanberadicallybetterbyavoidingthemIwrotethissoyoucanbetterunderstandwhymyotherprinciplesarewhattheyare,thoughyoudonrsquotneedtoreadthisparttounderstandtheothers第⼆章我会阐述我⽣活中最根本的原则。我会描述同⽣活现实打交道和了解事实真相最有⽤的原则还会谈谈如何最有效地运⽤这些原则实现⼈⽣理想。本章还会探讨阻碍理想实现的最常⻅的⼀些陷阱避免这些陷从根本上改变⼈⽣。阅读此部分你能更好地理解我论述的其他原则不过跳过此部分也不影响其他内容的理解。PartisaboutmymanagementprinciplesAsIhaverunBridgewaterformorethanyears,itexplainsBridgewaterrsquosapproachuptillnowItbeginsatthebigpicture,conceptuallevel,withanexplanationofwhyIbelievethatanycompanyrsquosresultsareprimarilydeterminedbyitspeopleanditscultureItthendrillsdownintowhatIbelievearetheimportantprinciplesbehindcreatingagreatculture,hiringtherightpeople,managingthemtoachieveexcellence,solvingproblemssystematicallyandmakinggooddecisions第三章讲的是我的管理原则。我管理桥⽔联合基⾦公司已经超过年了这些管理原则⾄今都在使⽤。本章开始会笼统地阐释之后会从概念层⾯解释为什么任何公司的成功都主要归功于员⼯和公司⽂化。随后将深⼊探讨⼀系列重要的原则在这些原则的指导下我才能创造出良好的公司⽂化雇佣合适的员⼯在管理中助他们实现业绩系统地解决问题并作出正确的抉择。ThereareofcourselotsofothertypesofprinciplesForexample,IhopetoonedaywriteaboutmyinvestmentprinciplesHowever,managementprinciplesarenowwhatweneedmost,soherearetheonesthatIthinkmakesenseandhaveworkedforme当然存在很多其他类别的原则⽐⽅说我希望有⼀天我能写下我的投资原则不过管理原则是我们现在最急需的所以我才写了这些我认为最有意义的对我最有⽤的原则。hellipaskyourself:ldquoIsittruerdquo问⾃⼰:ldquo这是对的么?rdquoWhatfollowsarethreedistinctpartsthatcanbereadeitherindependentlyorasaconnectedwholePartisaboutthepurposeandimportanceofhavingprinciplesingeneral,havingnothingtodowithminePartexplainsmymostfundamentallifeprinciplesthatapplytoeverythingIdoPart,explainsmymanagementprinciplesastheyarebeinglivedoutatBridgewaterSincemymanagementprinciplesaresimplymymostfundamentallifeprinciplesappliedtomanagement,readingPartwillhelpyoutobetterunderstandPart,butitrsquosnotrequiredmdashyoucangodirectlytoParttoseewhatmymanagementprinciplesareandhowBridgewaterhasbeenrunOnedayIrsquodliketowriteaPartonmyinvestmentprinciplesIfyouarelookingtogetthemostbangforyourbuck(ie,understandingfortheeffort),IsuggestthatyoureadPartsand,andthebeginningofPart(throughtheSummaryandTableofPrinciples)whichwillgiveyounearlythewholepictureItrsquosonlyaboutpagesofanormalsizebook本书分为三个章节可单独阅读每个章节也可以从头读到尾。第⼀章整体讲述了有原则的⽬的和重要性这些和我⾃⼰的原则⽆关。第⼆章阐述了围绕我⽣活⽅⽅⾯⾯的最重要的根本原则。第三章详述了我管理桥⽔联合基⾦公司时遵循的管理原则。我的管理原则其实就是根本⽣活原则在管理领域的应⽤因此阅读第⼆章将有助于对第三章的理解。当然你也可以直接阅读第三章看看我都有哪些管理原则桥⽔联合基⾦是如何基于这些原则进⾏管理的。未来有⼀天我可能会写第四章聊聊我在投资领域的原则。如果你想尽快读到最多的⼲货建议你读第⼀章和第⼆章后阅读第三章从总结到原则汇总列表的内容这些⼀共也就正常书籍⼤⼩的⻚涵盖了全书的精华。Aboveallelse,Iwantyoutothinkforyourselfmdashtodecide)whatyouwant,)whatistrueand)whattodoaboutitIwantyoutodothatinaclearheadedthoughtfulway,sothatyougetwhatyouwantIwrotethisbooktohelpyoudothatIamgoingtoaskonlytwothingsofyoumdash)thatyoubeopenmindedand)thatyouhonestlyanswersomequestionsaboutwhatyouwant,whatistrueandwhatyouwanttodoaboutitIfyoudothesethings,IbelievethatyouwillgetalotoutofthisbookIfyoucanrsquotdothesethings,youshouldreflectonwhythatis,becauseyouprobablyhavediscoveredoneofyourgreatestimpedimentstogettingwhatyouwantoutoflife除此之外也请你想想:)你想要什么?)真实情况是怎样的?)如何应对?希望你能头脑清晰地想⼀下以得到你想要的东西。我写这本书就是为了实现这个⽬的。我只对你们提两个要求:)思想要开放。)当我问到你想要什么真实情况是怎样的以及你想如何处理时请诚实回答这些问题。若你按我说的做了我相信你能从书中受益良多。如果你做不到这些就该想想为什么做不到因为这样你就可能会发现阻碍⾃⼰成功的最⼤障碍了。Principles《原则》byRayDalio雷达⾥奥著IbelievethathavingprinciplesthatworkisessentialforgettingwhatwewantoutoflifeIalsobelievethattounderstandeachotherwehavetounderstandeachotherrsquosprinciplesThatiswhyIbelieveweneedtotalkaboutthem我认为掌握原则对于实现⼈⽣理想⾄关重要我相信要想知⼰知彼也必须了解彼此的处事原则。在我看来这就是为什么原则问题值得⼀谈的原因。Wewillbeginbyexaminingthefollowingquestions:先来看看下⾯⼏个问题吧:Whatareprinciples原则是什么?Whyareprinciplesimportant原则为何重要?Wheredoprinciplescomefrom原则来⾃何处?DoyouhaveprinciplesthatyouliveyourlifebyWhatarethey你⽣活中有恪守的原则么都有哪些?Howwelldoyouthinktheywillwork,andwhy这些原则你认为⾏之有效么为什么?Answerallquestionswithcompletehonesty,withoutworryingwhatIorothersmightthinkThathonestywillallowyoutobecomfortablelivingwithyourownprinciples,andtojudgeyourselfbyhowconsistentlyyouoperatebythemIfyoudonrsquothavemanywellthoughtoutprinciples,donrsquotworryWewillgettheretogether,ifweremainopenminded回答上述问题时⽆需担忧我或别⼈会怎么想。坦诚回答就好坦诚⾯对⾃⼰的处事原则才能与之和谐相处才能判断⾃⼰的⾏为是否不违背原则。即使你没有太多深思熟虑的原则也没关系请随我⼀起解放思想建⽴属于你⾃⼰的原则。IwisheveryonewrotedowntheirprinciplesIwishIcouldreadandcomparetheprinciplesofallthepeopleIrsquominterestedinmdashSteveJobs,AlbertEinstein,peoplerunningforpoliticaloffice,peopleIsharemylifewith,etcI#dlovetoknowwhattheyvaluemostandwhatprinciplestheyusetogetwhattheywantImaginehowgreatthatwouldbemdashegimaginehowPart:TheImportanceofPrinciples第⼀章原则的重要性muchvaluablefundamentalthinkingcouldbeharnessedIhopethatmydoingthiswillencourageotherstodothesame我希望⼤家都能写下⾃⼰的原则。我希望能够知道所有我感兴趣的⼈写下的原则是什么像是史蒂夫middot乔布斯阿尔伯特middot爱因斯坦竞选从政之⼈与我共度⼀⽣之⼈等希望可以拿我的原则和他们的原则进⾏⽐较。我很想知道他们最珍视什么实现梦想时都遵循什么原则。想⼀想都觉得棒极了这汇总起来对我⾃⼰的思维该多有价值啊。我希望我写的原则能够⿎励其他⼈也将⾃⼰的原则写下来。Yourvaluesarewhatyouconsiderimportant,literallywhatyouldquovaluerdquoPrinciplesarewhatallowyoutolivealifeconsistentwiththosevaluesPrinciplesconnectyourvaluestoyouractionstheyarebeaconsthatguideyouractions,andhelpyousuccessfullydealwiththelawsofrealityItistoyourprinciplesthatyouturnwhenyoufacehardchoices价值观是你认为重要的、ldquo有价值rdquo的东西⽽在⽣活中若想顺从⾃⼰的价值观我们需要的就是原则。原则连接价值观与⾏动它如指引⾏动的灯塔帮你成功应对现实⽣活中的条条框框。当⾯临两难抉择之时遵循原则就能迎刃⽽解。AllsuccessfulpeopleoperatebyprinciplesthathelpthembesuccessfulWithoutprinciples,youwouldbeforcedtoreacttocircumstancesthatcomeatyouwithoutconsideringwhatyouvaluemostandhowtomakechoicestogetwhatyouwantThiswouldpreventyoufrommakingthemostofyourlifeWhileoperatingwithoutprinciplesisbadforindividuals,itisevenworseforgroupsofindividuals(suchascompanies)becauseitleadstopeoplerandomlybumpingintoeachotherwithoutunderstandingtheirownvaluesandhowtobehaveinordertobeconsistentwiththosevalues成功⼈⼠恪守帮助他们成功的⼀套原则。如果没有原则那么当你⾯临抉择之时你将变得⾮常被动因为你不知道⾃⼰最珍视什么⾯对选择也⽆从下⼿。如此⼀来就更别谈实现⼈⽣价值了。个⼈处事没有原则已经很糟糕了⽽集体(如公司)处事没有原则就更糟糕了因为在这样的集体中⼤家在根本不了解各⾃的价值观的情况下就凑到⼀起⾏为处事也⽆法同各⾃的价值观相匹配。Sometimesweforgeourownprinciplesandsometimesweacceptothersrsquoprinciples,orholisticpackagesofprinciples,suchasreligionandlegalsystemsWhileitisnrsquotnecessarilyabadthingtouseothersrsquoprinciplesmdashitrsquosdifficulttocomeupwithyourown,andoftenmuchwisdomhasgoneintothosealreadycreatedmdashadoptingprepackagedprincipleswithoutmuchthoughtexposesyoutotheriskofinconsistencywithyourtruevaluesHoldingincompatibleprinciplescanleadtoconflictbetweenvaluesandactionsmdashlikethehypocritewhohasclaimstobeofareligionyetbehavescountertoitsteachingsYourprinciplesneedtoreflectvaluesyoureallybelievein我们时⽽锻造⾃⼰的处事原则时⽽汲取学习他⼈的处事原则或接受⼀整套的原则譬如宗教信条或法律制度。⽤别⼈的原则也不⻅得就是坏事毕竟要想出⼀套原则太费脑⼦了⽽已创的原则历经千锤百炼也可能更靠谱。但不假思索就接受各)Whatareprinciples)原则是什么?)Whyareprinciplesimportant)原则为何重要?)Wheredoprinciplescomefrom)原则源⾃何处?种预先ldquo打包rdquo好的整套原则体系结果很有可能这些原则会与⾃⼰最真实的价值观冲突进⽽导致价值观与⾏为的⽭盾碰撞。就像是⼀个伪君⼦⼀样表⾯上声称信奉某宗教⾏为上却与教义背道⽽驰。你的原则必须反应出你真正信奉的价值观。YourprincipleswilldetermineyourstandardsofbehaviorWhenyouenterintorelationshipswithotherpeople,yourandtheirprincipleswilldeterminehowyouinteractPeoplewhohavesharedvaluesandprinciplesgetalongPeoplewhodonrsquotwillsufferthroughconstantmisunderstandingsandconflictwithoneanotherTooofteninrelationships,peoplersquosprinciplesareunclearThinkaboutthepeoplewithwhomyouareclosestAretheirvaluesalignedwithyours你的处事原则会决定你的⾏为标准当你同他⼈初识时你们各⾃恪守的原则将会决定你们的互动模式若你们的价值观与原则能够达到共享⼤家就相处愉快否则在相处中就会⾯临持续不断的误解和冲突。⼈与⼈的关系中⼈们所秉持的原则⼤都模糊不清。现在想想与你最为亲密的⼈他们的价值观和你的⼀致么?Whatdoyouvaluemostdeeply你内⼼最珍视是什么?ThoseprinciplesthataremostvaluablecomefromourownexperiencesandourreflectionsonthoseexperiencesEverytimewefacehardchoices,werefineourprinciplesbyaskingourselvesdifficultquestionsForexample,whenourrepresentativesinWashingtonareinvestigatingwhethervarioussegmentsofsocietyarebehavingethically,theyaresimultaneouslygrapplingwithquestionssuchas,ldquoShouldthegovernmentpunishpeopleforbadethics,orshoulditjustwriteandenforcethelawsrdquoQuestionsofthiskindmdashinthiscase,aboutthenatureofgovernmentmdashpromptthoughtfulassessmentsofalternativeapproachesTheseassessmentsinturnleadtoprinciplesthatcanbeappliedtosimilaroccasionsinthefutureAsanotherexample,ldquoIwonrsquotstealrdquocanbeaprincipletowhichyoureferwhenthechoiceofwhetherornottostealarisesButtobemosteffective,eachprinciplemustbeconsistentwithyourvalues,andthisconsistencydemandsthatyouask:WhyIsthereasonyouwonrsquotstealbecauseyoufeelempathyforyourpotentialvictimIsitbecauseyoufeargettingcaughtByaskingsuchquestions,werefineourunderstanding,andthedevelopmentofourprinciplesbecomesbetteralignedwithourcorevaluesTobesuccessful,youmustmakecorrect,toughchoicesYoumustbeabletoldquocutoffalegtosavealife,rdquobothonanindividualleveland,ifyouleadpeople,onagrouplevelAndtobeagreatleader,itisimportanttorememberthatyouwillhavetomakethesechoicesbyunderstandingandcaringforyourpeople,notbyfollowingthem来⾃⾃⾝经历与反思的原则最有价值。每当⾯临两难抉择之际我们会扪⼼⾃问反复琢磨在这样的过程中完善我们的原则。例如当我们的华盛顿代表在调查社会各领域的⾏为道德情况时其实他们也同时在纠结⼀些问题譬如ldquo⾯对道德败坏的⾏为政府是该施以惩戒还是仅仅⽴法施法呢?rdquo这种问题涉及针对政府本质的讨论会引起对于各种备选⽅案的评估。相应的评估本⾝就形成了可适⽤于未来类似情况的原则。还有⼀个例⼦如果你有这样⼀个原则ldquo我绝不会偷东西rdquo那当你⾯对偷或不偷的选择时就会适⽤这⼀原则。然⽽如果想要使选择的过程更加⾼效那么每⼀项原则就必须与个⼈的价值观⼀致。为了满⾜这种⼀致性就不得不再问问⾃⼰:为什么不偷?不偷的理由是因为同情潜在的受害者吗?还是因为害怕被抓?只有问过了这些问题我们才能更深⼊地了解⾃⼰。原则在不断发展中会和我们的核⼼价值观越来越⼀致。想要)DoyouhaveprinciplesthatyouliveyourlifebyWhatarethey)你⽣活中有恪守的原则么都有哪些原则?)Howwelldoyouthinktheywillwork,andwhy)这些原则你认为⾏之有效么为什么?成功就必须做出正确的、艰难的选择。你必须要有壮⼠断腕的勇⽓个⼈处事如此在领导⼀个团队时也是如此。如果想要成为⼀个成功的领导者就必须谨记选择需是本着对团队成员的理解和关⼼做出的⽽不仅仅是为了顺应他们。YouhavetoanswerthesequestionsforyourselfWhatIhopeformostisthatyouwillcarefullyconsidertheprincipleswewillbeexploringinthisdocumentandtryoperatingbythem,aspartoftheprocessofdiscoveringwhatworksbestforyouIntime,theanswerstothesequestionswillevolvefromldquoRayrsquosprinciplesrdquotoldquomyprinciples,rdquoandldquoRayrdquowillfadefromthepictureinmuchthesamewayasmemoriesofyourskiinstructororbasketballcoachfadeafteryouhavemasteredthesport你必须亲⾃回答上述问题。我最希望看到的是你能仔细思考本书中探索的各种原则并尝试试⽤它们从⽽发现什么最适合你。有⼀天这些问题的答案都能通过ldquo我的原则rdquo⽽不再是ldquo雷的原则rdquo解答时ldquo雷的原则rdquo悄然逝去⽽属于你⾃⼰的ldquo我的原则ldquo跃然纸上。就像你学滑雪和打篮球⼀样⼀旦你学会了教练的影⼦也就逐渐退去了。So,asIbelievethatadoptingprepackagedprincipleswithoutmuchthoughtisrisky,IamaskingyoutojoinmeinthoughtfullydiscussingtheprinciplesthatguidehowweactWhenconsideringeachprinciple,pleaseaskyourself,ldquoIsittruerdquoWhilethisparticulardocumentwillalwaysexpressjustwhatIbelieve,otherpeoplewillcertainlyhavetheirownprinciples,andpossiblyeventheirownprinciplesdocuments,andfuturemanagersofBridgewaterwillworkintheirownwaystodeterminewhatprinciplesBridgewaterwilloperatebyAtmost,thiswillremainasonereferenceofprinciplesforpeopletoconsiderwhentheyaredecidingwhatrsquosimportantandhowtobehave我认为不假思索地接受各种预先ldquo打包rdquo好的整套原则体系是有⻛险的。我邀请你同我⼀道仔细思考和探讨这些指导我们⾏为的原则。考虑每条原则时请问⾃⼰ldquo这是对的么?rdquo这本书列的都是我⾃⼰信奉的原则别⼈肯定也有他们⾃⼰的原则甚⾄可能也会出⼀本他们⾃⼰的原则⽂件。桥⽔联合基⾦之后的每届⽼总也有他⾃⼰的处事⽅式⽤来决定公司运营该遵循什么原则。我这本书⾥的原则最多也就是当⼈们就重⼤事项或⾏为做决策时可以作为⼀个参考的标准。TimeislikeariverthatwilltakeyouforwardintoencounterswithrealitythatwillrequireyoutomakedecisionsYoucanrsquotstopthemovementdownthisriver,andyoucanrsquotavoidtheencountersYoucanonlyapproachtheseencountersinthebestwaypossible时间宛如⼀条⻓河你在顺流⽽下的过程中邂逅各种现实的经历并需要你做出各种选择。你⽆法阻⽌河⽔的流动就像你⽆法避免各种现实情况不期⽽遇⼀样只能以⼒所能及的办法化解。Thatiswhatthispartisallabout这就是本章想谈的内容。Sinceweareallproductsofourgenesandourenvironmentsandapproachtheworldwithbiases,IthinkitisrelevantformetotellyouabitofmybackgroundsothatyoucanknowwhereIrsquomcomingfrom我们都是基因和环境的产物⾝处的世界充满歧视我觉得有必要跟你们谈⼀点我的个⼈背景便于各位了解我来⾃何处。IgrewupinamiddleclassneighborhoodonLongIsland,theonlysonofajazzmusicianandastayathomemomIwasaveryordinarykid,andalessthanordinarystudentIlikedplayingwithmyfriendsmdashforexample,touchfootballinthestreetmdashandIdidn#tliketheschoolpartofschool,partlybecauseIhad,andstillhave,abadrotememoryandpartlybecauseIcouldnrsquotgetexcitedaboorcingmyselftorememberwhatotherswantedmetorememberwithoutunderstandingwhatallthisworkwasgoingtogetmeInordertobemotivated,IneededtoworkforwhatIwanted,notforwhatotherpeoplewantedmetodoAndinordertobesuccessful,IneededtofigureoormyselfhowtogetwhatIwanted,notrememberthefactsIwasbeingtoldtoremember我在⻓岛的⼀个中产阶级社区⻓⼤⽗亲是位爵⼠⾳乐家⺟亲⾜不出⼾是位家庭主妇。我呢曾是个很普通的⼩孩但在学校⾥⼜是个不那么听话的学⽣。那时我⽼和⼀帮朋友们厮混在街上踢踢⾜球什么的。并不是很喜欢学校上课的⽅式可能是因为我⼀直不擅⻓死记硬背教科书上的内容当然我现在依旧如此还可能是因为如果别⼈要我在完全没搞清楚是怎么⼀回事的情况下就囫囵吞枣死记硬背我可真是⼀点都提不起兴趣。做事要想有⼲劲得⼲些我⾃⼰想做的事情⽽⾮他⼈逼迫我为之。想要做成⼀件事我得弄清楚获得成功的过程⽽⾮强记那些没⽤的知识点。Rotememoryismemoryforthingsthatdonrsquothaveanintrinsiclogicforbeingwhattheyare,likearandomseriesofnumbers,wordsinaforeignlanguageandpeoplersquosnames(allofwhichIhavetroublewith)Ontheotherhand,IhaveagreatmemoryforthingsthatmakesenseinacontextForexample,Icantelly

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