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首页 【书籍】原则-雷·达里奥.pdf

【书籍】原则-雷·达里奥.pdf

【书籍】原则-雷·达里奥.pdf

荣浩_天天向上荣 2018-01-19 评分 0 浏览量 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《【书籍】原则-雷·达里奥pdf》,可适用于经济金融领域,主题内容包含介绍前第章原则的重要性第章我最重要的活原则个成⻓过程实现梦想的五步骤第三章我的管理原则原则汇总列表货贡献和勘误录Principlesareconce符等。

介绍前第章原则的重要性第章我最重要的活原则个成⻓过程实现梦想的五步骤第三章我的管理原则原则汇总列表货贡献和勘误录PrinciplesareconceptsthatcanbeappliedoverandoveragaininsimilarcircumstancesasdistinctfromnarrowanswerstospecificquestionsEverygamehasprinciplesthatsuccessfulplayersmastertoachievewinningresultsSodoeslifePrinciplesarewaysofsuccessfullydealingwiththelawsofnatureorthelawsoflifeThosewhounderstandmoreofthemandunderstandthemwellknowhowtointeractwiththeworldmoreeffectivelythanthosewhoknowfewerofthemorknowthemlesswellDifferentprinciplesapplytodifferentaspectsoflifeeg,thereareskiingprinciplesforskiing,parentingprinciplesforparenting,managementprinciplesformanaging,ldquoinvestmentprinciplesrdquoforinvesting,etcandthereareoverarchinglifeprinciplesthatinfluenceourapproachestoallthingsAnd,ofcourse,differentpeoplesubscribetodifferentprinciplesthattheybelieveworkbest原则是能够在相似场景下反复运的套概念有别于具体问题的狭义回答。每个游戏的获胜者都有遵循的原则活也是如此。原则是应对然或活规律的种种式。对原则理解越透彻越能在活中游刃有余。活的不同也有各的原则例如滑雪有ldquo滑雪原则rdquo做⺟的有ldquo⺟原则rdquo管理有ldquo管理原则投资有ldquo投资原则rdquo等等也存在配切包罗万象的ldquo活原则rdquo。当然每个都有认为最有效的原则。IamconfidentthatwhateversuccessBridgewaterandIhavehadhasresultedfromouroperatingbycertainprinciplesCreatingagreatculture,findingtherightpeople,managingthemtodogreatthingsandsolvingproblemscreativelyandsystematicallyarechallengesfacedbyallorganizationsWhatdifferentiatesthemishowtheyapproachthesechallengesTheprincipleslaidoutinthepagesthatfollowconveyouruniquewaysofdoingthesethings,whicharethereasonsforouruniqueresultsBridgewaterrsquossuccesshasresultedfromtalentedpeopleoperatingbytheprinciplessetouthere,anditwillcontinueiftheseorothertalentedpeoplecontinuetooperatebythemLikegettingfit,virtuallyanyonecandoitiftheyarewillingtodowhatittakes我坚信我和桥联合基所获得的成功都是得益于我们遵循了某些原则。创造了良好的企业化对合适的员指导他们成就业各部⻔都能以有创意的式系统解决问题应对挑战。他们的差异来应对挑战的法不同。本书要详述的原则体现了我们独特的做事法这也是我们脱颖出的原因。桥联合基的成功得益于群遵循原则处事的才们如果后辈才继续遵循这些原则定能续写成功。就像健样只有家都愿意有所付出才能有所收获。Whatiswrittenhereisjustmyunderstandingofwhatittakes:mymostfundamentallifeprinciples,myapproachtogettingwhatIwant,andmyldquomanagementprinciples,rdquowhicharebasedonthosefoundationsTakentogether,theseprinciplesaremeanttopaintapictureofaprocessforthesystematicpursuitoftruthandexcellenceandfortherewardsthataccompanythispursuitIputtheminwritingforpeopletoconsiderinordertohelpBridgewaterandthepeopleIcareaboutmost我来说说遵循原则带来的收获吧:我最根本的套原则实现理想的套法以及基于根本原则下延伸的管理原则。综上所述这些原则帮助我系统地描绘出追求真理和卓越的蓝图收获随之来的回报。我写下这些原则供们参考原本是想为了帮助桥联合基和我最关的们。Untilrecently,IdidnrsquotwriteouttheseprinciplesbecauseIfeltthatitwaspresumptuousformetotellotherswhatwouldworkbestforthemButovertime,IsawthepeoplewhoIcaredaboutmoststrugglingwithproblemsandwantedtohelpthemIalsofoundthattheirproblemswerealmostalwaystheresultofviolatingoneormoreoftheseprinciples,andthattheirproblemscouldbesolvedbyapplyingtheseprinciplesSoIbeganwritingdownthetypesofproblemsandthebrokenprinciplesthatcausedthemWhenIbegan,IdidnrsquotknowhowmanyprinciplesIwouldendupwithbut,throughthisprocess,IdiscoveredthataboutprinciplesprettymuchcoveralltheproblemsIrsquomsurethatIwillcomeupwithmoreasIlearnmore直以来我都没有写下这些原则因为我觉得告诉别怎样最好的作是有点以为是的。但我是发现我最关的那群Introduction简介夜与些棘的问题做争我想帮助他们。我也发现他们的问题乎都是因为或多或少地违背了我想写的这些原则。只要遵循这些原则问题就能迎刃解。于是我开始记录他们遇到的问题写下这些问题背后违背的原则。当初开始写的时候并不知道我会写多少条但在这个过程中我发现概条原则就以解决所有的问题了。当然以后我学的越多也会发现更多新的原则涌现。SinceIlearnedtheseprinciplesbyencounteringrealityandreflectingonmyencounters,andIamstilldoingthesethings,IexpecttherearemoreprinciplestocomeSoIamstillcreatingthisdocumentbythrowingvariousthoughtsdownwhentheyoccurtome,tryingtoputtheminsomesensibleorderandtryingtosmoothoverthebumpsOrganizingtheseprinciplesintoasensibleorderisachallengesincetheyrelatetoeachothermorelikeamatrixthanasasequenceTohelpguideyou,Irsquovetriedtoorganizethemaroundlargethemeslikebuildingagreatculture,managingpeoplewell,andcreativeproblemsolvingIwillcontinuethesethings,sothisisanevolvingdocument我是通过遭遇现实进反思才学到这些原则的。如今我仍在这样做也期待总结出更多新的原则。创建原则总结时我思绪活跃试图以合理的顺序对原则进总结但这些原则之间的关系就像是矩阵样没有明显的次序。为了更好地向你提供指导我尝试以主题类别对这些原则进归类包括创造良好的化管理好员创新问题、解决案等。我会持续更新所以这本书本也是份不断发展完善的件。WhenIsaythatthesearemyprinciples,IdonrsquotmeanthatinapossessiveoregotisticalwayIjustmeanthattheyareexplanationsofwhatIpersonallybelieveIbelievethatthepeopleIworkwithandcareaboutmustthinkforthemselvesIsettheseprinciplesoutandexplainedthelogicbehindthemsothatwecantogetherexploretheirmeritsandstresstestthemWhileIamconfidentthattheseprinciplesworkwellbecauseIhavethoughthardaboutthem,theyhaveworkedwellformeformanyyears,andtheyhavestooduptothescrutinyofthehundredsofsmart,skepticalpeople,IalsobelievethatnothingiscertainIbelievethatthebestwecanhopeforishighlyprobableByputtingthemoutthereandstresstestingthem,theprobabilitiesoftheirbeingrightwillincrease我说这些原则是我的原则并不是狂妄或据为有这些只是我个信奉的理论已。我希望我的合作伙伴和我关的都能独思考。我列出这些原则解释了背后的逻辑我们同探讨这些原则的优点也要继续检验这些原则。我对这些原则颇具信这些都是我冥思苦想得来的多年来在我上证明是之有效的历经数百位聪慧的质疑它们都通过了考验。我也相信世事绝对我想梦想是可以实现的只要把这些原则列出来并予以考验成功的率就会增加。IalsobelievethatthoseprinciplesthataremostvaluabletoeachofuscomefromourownencounterswithrealityandourreflectionsontheseencountersndashnotfrombeingtaughtandsimplyacceptingsomeoneelsersquosprinciplesSo,Iputtheseoutthereforyoutoreflectonwhenyouareencounteringyourrealities,andnotforyoutoblindlyfollowWhatIhopeformostisthatyouandotherswillcarefullyconsiderthemandtryoperatingbythemaspartofyourprocessfordiscoveringwhatworksbestforyouThroughthisexploration,andwiththeirincreasedusage,notonlywilltheybeunderstood,buttheywillevolvefromldquoRayrsquosprinciplesrdquotoldquoourprinciples,rdquoandRaywillfadeoutofthepictureinmuchthesamewayasmemoriesofonersquosskiortennisinstructorfadeandpeopleonlypayattentiontowhatworksSo,whendigestingeachprinciple,pleasehellip同时我认为最有价值的原则都不是教出来的或简单接受他的原则是通过有的现实经历与反思得出来的。书中列出这些原则是供你参照反思的经历不是要你盲遵循我列的这些原则。我最希望看到你能仔细思忖本书之后内容中详述的各种原则尝试使这些原则摸索出最适合的原则。在探寻和不断使中不仅理解这些原则是有天ldquo雷的原则(译者注:作者的名字是雷达奥)rdquo悄然逝去属于你的ldquo我的原则rdquo会跃然纸上。这就像们学会滑雪或球后教练的影也会逐渐淡去我们只会记得那些之有效的东西。justwhatIbelieve,otherswillcertainlyhavetheirownprinciples,andpossiblyeventheirownprinciplesdocuments,andfuturemanagersofBridgewaterwillworkintheirownwaystodeterminewhatprinciplesBridgewaterwilloperatebyAtmost,thiswillremainasonereferenceofprinciplesforpeopletoconsiderwhentheyaredecidingwhatrsquosimportantandhowtobehave本书主要阐述的是我信奉的原则别也有他们信奉的原则他们很可能也有写原则的汇总件。桥联合基公司未来的管理者会以他们的式作决定公司遵循什么原则。多当们临重要决定不知如何时本书能在原则提供些参考。那么在消化每条原则时请做到以下这条:BeforeIdiscussthemanagementprinciplesthemselves,itrsquosimportantformetoarticulatemyownmostfundamentallifeprinciplesbecausemymanagementprinciplesareanextensionofthem在探讨管理原则之前我必须要详述我活中的根本原则因为管理原则也只是它们的延伸扩展。InPart,IexplainwhatImeanbyprinciples,whyIbelievetheyareimportant,andhowtheyareessentialforgettingwhatyouwantoutoflife第章会解释我说的原则是指什么为什么我认为原则很重要以及它们在实现理想中所起的关键作。PartexplainsmymostfundamentallifeprinciplesIdescribewhatIbelievearethebestwaysofinteractingwithrealitytolearnwhatitrsquoslike,andhowtomosteffectivelydealwithittogetwhatyouwantIalsodiscusswhatIbelievearethemostcommontrapsthatpeoplefallintothatpreventthemfromgettingwhattheywant,andhowpeoplersquoslivescanberadicallybetterbyavoidingthemIwrotethissoyoucanbetterunderstandwhymyotherprinciplesarewhattheyare,thoughyoudonrsquotneedtoreadthisparttounderstandtheothers第章我会阐述我活中最根本的原则。我会描述同活现实打交道和了解事实真相最有的原则还会谈谈如何最有效地运这些原则实现理想。本章还会探讨阻碍理想实现的最常⻅的些陷阱避免这些陷从根本上改变。阅读此部分你能更好地理解我论述的其他原则不过跳过此部分也不影响其他内容的理解。PartisaboutmymanagementprinciplesAsIhaverunBridgewaterformorethanyears,itexplainsBridgewaterrsquosapproachuptillnowItbeginsatthebigpicture,conceptuallevel,withanexplanationofwhyIbelievethatanycompanyrsquosresultsareprimarilydeterminedbyitspeopleanditscultureItthendrillsdownintowhatIbelievearetheimportantprinciplesbehindcreatingagreatculture,hiringtherightpeople,managingthemtoachieveexcellence,solvingproblemssystematicallyandmakinggooddecisions第三章讲的是我的管理原则。我管理桥联合基公司已经超过年了这些管理原则今都在使。本章开始会笼统地阐释之后会从概念层解释为什么任何公司的成功都主要归功于员和公司化。随后将深探讨系列重要的原则在这些原则的指导下我才能创造出良好的公司化雇佣合适的员在管理中助他们实现业绩系统地解决问题并作出正确的抉择。ThereareofcourselotsofothertypesofprinciplesForexample,IhopetoonedaywriteaboutmyinvestmentprinciplesHowever,managementprinciplesarenowwhatweneedmost,soherearetheonesthatIthinkmakesenseandhaveworkedforme当然存在很多其他类别的原则说我希望有天我能写下我的投资原则不过管理原则是我们现在最急需的所以我才写了这些我认为最有意义的对我最有的原则。hellipaskyourself:ldquoIsittruerdquo问:ldquo这是对的么?rdquoWhatfollowsarethreedistinctpartsthatcanbereadeitherindependentlyorasaconnectedwholePartisaboutthepurposeandimportanceofhavingprinciplesingeneral,havingnothingtodowithminePartexplainsmymostfundamentallifeprinciplesthatapplytoeverythingIdoPart,explainsmymanagementprinciplesastheyarebeinglivedoutatBridgewaterSincemymanagementprinciplesaresimplymymostfundamentallifeprinciplesappliedtomanagement,readingPartwillhelpyoutobetterunderstandPart,butitrsquosnotrequiredmdashyoucangodirectlytoParttoseewhatmymanagementprinciplesareandhowBridgewaterhasbeenrunOnedayIrsquodliketowriteaPartonmyinvestmentprinciplesIfyouarelookingtogetthemostbangforyourbuck(ie,understandingfortheeffort),IsuggestthatyoureadPartsand,andthebeginningofPart(throughtheSummaryandTableofPrinciples)whichwillgiveyounearlythewholepictureItrsquosonlyaboutpagesofanormalsizebook本书分为三个章节可单独阅读每个章节也可以从头读到尾。第章整体讲述了有原则的的和重要性这些和我的原则关。第章阐述了围绕我活的最重要的根本原则。第三章详述了我管理桥联合基公司时遵循的管理原则。我的管理原则其实就是根本活原则在管理领域的应因此阅读第章将有助于对第三章的理解。当然你也可以直接阅读第三章看看我都有哪些管理原则桥联合基是如何基于这些原则进管理的。未来有天我可能会写第四章聊聊我在投资领域的原则。如果你想尽快读到最多的货建议你读第章和第章后阅读第三章从总结到原则汇总列表的内容这些共也就正常书籍的⻚涵盖了全书的精华。Aboveallelse,Iwantyoutothinkforyourselfmdashtodecide)whatyouwant,)whatistrueand)whattodoaboutitIwantyoutodothatinaclearheadedthoughtfulway,sothatyougetwhatyouwantIwrotethisbooktohelpyoudothatIamgoingtoaskonlytwothingsofyoumdash)thatyoubeopenmindedand)thatyouhonestlyanswersomequestionsaboutwhatyouwant,whatistrueandwhatyouwanttodoaboutitIfyoudothesethings,IbelievethatyouwillgetalotoutofthisbookIfyoucanrsquotdothesethings,youshouldreflectonwhythatis,becauseyouprobablyhavediscoveredoneofyourgreatestimpedimentstogettingwhatyouwantoutoflife除此之外也请你想想:)你想要什么?)真实情况是怎样的?)如何应对?希望你能头脑清晰地想下以得到你想要的东西。我写这本书就是为了实现这个的。我只对你们提两个要求:)思想要开放。)当我问到你想要什么真实情况是怎样的以及你想如何处理时请诚实回答这些问题。若你按我说的做了我相信你能从书中受益良多。如果你做不到这些就该想想为什么做不到因为这样你就可能会发现阻碍成功的最障碍了。Principles《原则》byRayDalio雷达奥著IbelievethathavingprinciplesthatworkisessentialforgettingwhatwewantoutoflifeIalsobelievethattounderstandeachotherwehavetounderstandeachotherrsquosprinciplesThatiswhyIbelieveweneedtotalkaboutthem我认为掌握原则对于实现理想关重要我相信要想知知彼也必须了解彼此的处事原则。在我看来这就是为什么原则问题值得谈的原因。Wewillbeginbyexaminingthefollowingquestions:先来看看下个问题吧:Whatareprinciples原则是什么?Whyareprinciplesimportant原则为何重要?Wheredoprinciplescomefrom原则来何处?DoyouhaveprinciplesthatyouliveyourlifebyWhatarethey你活中有恪守的原则么都有哪些?Howwelldoyouthinktheywillwork,andwhy这些原则你认为之有效么为什么?Answerallquestionswithcompletehonesty,withoutworryingwhatIorothersmightthinkThathonestywillallowyoutobecomfortablelivingwithyourownprinciples,andtojudgeyourselfbyhowconsistentlyyouoperatebythemIfyoudonrsquothavemanywellthoughtoutprinciples,donrsquotworryWewillgettheretogether,ifweremainopenminded回答上述问题时需担忧我或别会怎么想。坦诚回答就好坦诚对的处事原则才能与之和谐相处才能判断的为是否不违背原则。即使你没有太多深思熟虑的原则也没关系请随我起解放思想建属于你的原则。IwisheveryonewrotedowntheirprinciplesIwishIcouldreadandcomparetheprinciplesofallthepeopleIrsquominterestedinmdashSteveJobs,AlbertEinstein,peoplerunningforpoliticaloffice,peopleIsharemylifewith,etcI#dlovetoknowwhattheyvaluemostandwhatprinciplestheyusetogetwhattheywantImaginehowgreatthatwouldbemdashegimaginehowPart:TheImportanceofPrinciples第章原则的重要性muchvaluablefundamentalthinkingcouldbeharnessedIhopethatmydoingthiswillencourageotherstodothesame我希望家都能写下的原则。我希望能够知道所有我感兴趣的写下的原则是什么像是史蒂夫middot乔布斯阿尔伯特middot爱因斯坦竞选从政之与我共度之等希望可以拿我的原则和他们的原则进较。我很想知道他们最珍视什么实现梦想时都遵循什么原则。想想都觉得棒极了这汇总起来对我的思维该多有价值啊。我希望我写的原则能够励其他也将的原则写下来。Yourvaluesarewhatyouconsiderimportant,literallywhatyouldquovaluerdquoPrinciplesarewhatallowyoutolivealifeconsistentwiththosevaluesPrinciplesconnectyourvaluestoyouractionstheyarebeaconsthatguideyouractions,andhelpyousuccessfullydealwiththelawsofrealityItistoyourprinciplesthatyouturnwhenyoufacehardchoices价值观是你认为重要的、ldquo有价值rdquo的东西在活中若想顺从的价值观我们需要的就是原则。原则连接价值观与动它如指引动的灯塔帮你成功应对现实活中的条条框框。当临两难抉择之时遵循原则就能迎刃解。AllsuccessfulpeopleoperatebyprinciplesthathelpthembesuccessfulWithoutprinciples,youwouldbeforcedtoreacttocircumstancesthatcomeatyouwithoutconsideringwhatyouvaluemostandhowtomakechoicestogetwhatyouwantThiswouldpreventyoufrommakingthemostofyourlifeWhileoperatingwithoutprinciplesisbadforindividuals,itisevenworseforgroupsofindividuals(suchascompanies)becauseitleadstopeoplerandomlybumpingintoeachotherwithoutunderstandingtheirownvaluesandhowtobehaveinordertobeconsistentwiththosevalues成功恪守帮助他们成功的套原则。如果没有原则那么当你临抉择之时你将变得常被动因为你不知道最珍视什么对选择也从下。如此来就更别谈实现价值了。个处事没有原则已经很糟糕了集体(如公司)处事没有原则就更糟糕了因为在这样的集体中家在根本不了解各的价值观的情况下就凑到起为处事也法同各的价值观相匹配。Sometimesweforgeourownprinciplesandsometimesweacceptothersrsquoprinciples,orholisticpackagesofprinciples,suchasreligionandlegalsystemsWhileitisnrsquotnecessarilyabadthingtouseothersrsquoprinciplesmdashitrsquosdifficulttocomeupwithyourown,andoftenmuchwisdomhasgoneintothosealreadycreatedmdashadoptingprepackagedprincipleswithoutmuchthoughtexposesyoutotheriskofinconsistencywithyourtruevaluesHoldingincompatibleprinciplescanleadtoconflictbetweenvaluesandactionsmdashlikethehypocritewhohasclaimstobeofareligionyetbehavescountertoitsteachingsYourprinciplesneedtoreflectvaluesyoureallybelievein我们时锻造的处事原则时汲取学习他的处事原则或接受整套的原则譬如宗教信条或法律制度。别的原则也不⻅得就是坏事毕竟要想出套原则太费脑了已创的原则历经千锤百炼也可能更靠谱。但不假思索就接受各)Whatareprinciples)原则是什么?)Whyareprinciplesimportant)原则为何重要?)Wheredoprinciplescomefrom)原则源何处?种预先ldquo打包rdquo好的整套原则体系结果很有可能这些原则会与最真实的价值观冲突进导致价值观与为的盾碰撞。就像是个伪君样表上声称信奉某宗教为上却与教义背道驰。你的原则必须反应出你真正信奉的价值观。YourprincipleswilldetermineyourstandardsofbehaviorWhenyouenterintorelationshipswithotherpeople,yourandtheirprincipleswilldeterminehowyouinteractPeoplewhohavesharedvaluesandprinciplesgetalongPeoplewhodonrsquotwillsufferthroughconstantmisunderstandingsandconflictwithoneanotherTooofteninrelationships,peoplersquosprinciplesareunclearThinkaboutthepeoplewithwhomyouareclosestAretheirvaluesalignedwithyours你的处事原则会决定你的为标准当你同他初识时你们各恪守的原则将会决定你们的互动模式若你们的价值观与原则能够达到共享家就相处愉快否则在相处中就会临持续不断的误解和冲突。与的关系中们所秉持的原则都模糊不清。现在想想与你最为亲密的他们的价值观和你的致么?Whatdoyouvaluemostdeeply你内最珍视是什么?ThoseprinciplesthataremostvaluablecomefromourownexperiencesandourreflectionsonthoseexperiencesEverytimewefacehardchoices,werefineourprinciplesbyaskingourselvesdifficultquestionsForexample,whenourrepresentativesinWashingtonareinvestigatingwhethervarioussegmentsofsocietyarebehavingethically,theyaresimultaneouslygrapplingwithquestionssuchas,ldquoShouldthegovernmentpunishpeopleforbadethics,orshoulditjustwriteandenforcethelawsrdquoQuestionsofthiskindmdashinthiscase,aboutthenatureofgovernmentmdashpromptthoughtfulassessmentsofalternativeapproachesTheseassessmentsinturnleadtoprinciplesthatcanbeappliedtosimilaroccasionsinthefutureAsanotherexample,ldquoIwonrsquotstealrdquocanbeaprincipletowhichyoureferwhenthechoiceofwhetherornottostealarisesButtobemosteffective,eachprinciplemustbeconsistentwithyourvalues,andthisconsistencydemandsthatyouask:WhyIsthereasonyouwonrsquotstealbecauseyoufeelempathyforyourpotentialvictimIsitbecauseyoufeargettingcaughtByaskingsuchquestions,werefineourunderstanding,andthedevelopmentofourprinciplesbecomesbetteralignedwithourcorevaluesTobesuccessful,youmustmakecorrect,toughchoicesYoumustbeabletoldquocutoffalegtosavealife,rdquobothonanindividualleveland,ifyouleadpeople,onagrouplevelAndtobeagreatleader,itisimportanttorememberthatyouwillhavetomakethesechoicesbyunderstandingandcaringforyourpeople,notbyfollowingthem来经历与反思的原则最有价值。每当临两难抉择之际我们会扪问反复琢磨在这样的过程中完善我们的原则。例如当我们的华盛顿代表在调查社会各领域的为道德情况时其实他们也同时在纠结些问题譬如ldquo对道德败坏的为政府是该施以惩戒还是仅仅法施法呢?rdquo这种问题涉及针对政府本质的讨论会引起对于各种备选案的评估。相应的评估本就形成了可适于未来类似情况的原则。还有个例如果你有这样个原则ldquo我绝不会偷东西rdquo那当你对偷或不偷的选择时就会适这原则。然如果想要使选择的过程更加效那么每项原则就必须与个的价值观致。为了满这种致性就不得不再问问:为什么不偷?不偷的理由是因为同情潜在的受害者吗?还是因为害怕被抓?只有问过了这些问题我们才能更深地了解。原则在不断发展中会和我们的核价值观越来越致。想要)DoyouhaveprinciplesthatyouliveyourlifebyWhatarethey)你活中有恪守的原则么都有哪些原则?)Howwelldoyouthinktheywillwork,andwhy)这些原则你认为之有效么为什么?成功就必须做出正确的、艰难的选择。你必须要有壮断腕的勇个处事如此在领导个团队时也是如此。如果想要成为个成功的领导者就必须谨记选择需是本着对团队成员的理解和关做出的不仅仅是为了顺应他们。YouhavetoanswerthesequestionsforyourselfWhatIhopeformostisthatyouwillcarefullyconsidertheprincipleswewillbeexploringinthisdocumentandtryoperatingbythem,aspartoftheprocessofdiscoveringwhatworksbestforyouIntime,theanswerstothesequestionswillevolvefromldquoRayrsquosprinciplesrdquotoldquomyprinciples,rdquoandldquoRayrdquowillfadefromthepictureinmuchthesamewayasmemoriesofyourskiinstructororbasketballcoachfadeafteryouhavemasteredthesport你必须亲回答上述问题。我最希望看到的是你能仔细思考本书中探索的各种原则并尝试试它们从发现什么最适合你。有天这些问题的答案都能通过ldquo我的原则rdquo不再是ldquo雷的原则rdquo解答时ldquo雷的原则rdquo悄然逝去属于你的ldquo我的原则ldquo跃然纸上。就像你学滑雪和打篮球样旦你学会了教练的影也就逐渐退去了。So,asIbelievethatadoptingprepackagedprincipleswithoutmuchthoughtisrisky,IamaskingyoutojoinmeinthoughtfullydiscussingtheprinciplesthatguidehowweactWhenconsideringeachprinciple,pleaseaskyourself,ldquoIsittruerdquoWhilethisparticulardocumentwillalwaysexpressjustwhatIbelieve,otherpeoplewillcertainlyhavetheirownprinciples,andpossiblyeventheirownprinciplesdocuments,andfuturemanagersofBridgewaterwillworkintheirownwaystodeterminewhatprinciplesBridgewaterwilloperatebyAtmost,thiswillremainasonereferenceofprinciplesforpeopletoconsiderwhentheyaredecidingwhatrsquosimportantandhowtobehave我认为不假思索地接受各种预先ldquo打包rdquo好的整套原则体系是有⻛险的。我邀请你同我道仔细思考和探讨这些指导我们为的原则。考虑每条原则时请问ldquo这是对的么?rdquo这本书列的都是我信奉的原则别肯定也有他们的原则甚可能也会出本他们的原则件。桥联合基之后的每届总也有他的处事式来决定公司运营该遵循什么原则。我这本书的原则最多也就是当们就重事项或为做决策时可以作为个参考的标准。TimeislikeariverthatwilltakeyouforwardintoencounterswithrealitythatwillrequireyoutomakedecisionsYoucanrsquotstopthemovementdownthisriver,andyoucanrsquotavoidtheencountersYoucanonlyapproachtheseencountersinthebestwaypossible时间宛如条⻓河你在顺流下的过程中邂逅各种现实的经历并需要你做出各种选择。你法阻河的流动就像你法避免各种现实情况不期遇样只能以所能及的办法化解。Thatiswhatthispartisallabout这就是本章想谈的内容。Sinceweareallproductsofourgenesandourenvironmentsandapproachtheworldwithbiases,IthinkitisrelevantformetotellyouabitofmybackgroundsothatyoucanknowwhereIrsquomcomingfrom我们都是基因和环境的产物处的世界充满歧视我觉得有必要跟你们谈点我的个背景便于各位了解我来何处。IgrewupinamiddleclassneighborhoodonLongIsland,theonlysonofajazzmusicianandastayathomemomIwasaveryordinarykid,andalessthanordinarystudentIlikedplayingwithmyfriendsmdashforexample,touchfootballinthestreetmdashandIdidn#tliketheschoolpartofschool,partlybecauseIhad,andstillhave,abadrotememoryandpartlybecauseIcouldnrsquotgetexcitedaboorcingmyselftorememberwhatotherswantedmetorememberwithoutunderstandingwhatallthisworkwasgoingtogetmeInordertobemotivated,IneededtoworkforwhatIwanted,notforwhatotherpeoplewantedmetodoAndinordertobesuccessful,IneededtofigureoormyselfhowtogetwhatIwanted,notrememberthefactsIwasbeingtoldtoremember我在⻓岛的个中产阶级社区⻓亲是位爵乐家⺟亲不出是位家庭主妇。我呢曾是个很普通的孩但在学校是个不那么听话的学。那时我和帮朋友们厮混在街上踢踢球什么的。并不是很喜欢学校上课的式可能是因为我直不擅⻓死记硬背教科书上的内容当然我现在依旧如此还可能是因为如果别要我在完全没搞清楚是怎么回事的情况下就囫囵吞枣死记硬背我可真是点都提不起兴趣。做事要想有劲得些我想做的事情他逼迫我为之。想要做成件事我得弄清楚获得成功的过程强记那些没的知识点。Rotememoryismemoryforthingsthatdonrsquothaveanintrinsiclogicforbeingwhattheyare,likearandomseriesofnumbers,wordsinaforeignlanguageandpeoplersquosnames(allofwhichIhavetroublewith)Ontheotherhand,IhaveagreatmemoryforthingsthatmakesenseinacontextForexample,Icantelly

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