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首页 炼钢行业的典型火灾事故案例分析.ppt

炼钢行业的典型火灾事故案例分析.ppt

炼钢行业的典型火灾事故案例分析.ppt

上传者: 仙人指路 2018-04-02 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《炼钢行业的典型火灾事故案例分析ppt》,可适用于计划/解决方案领域,主题内容包含炼钢行业的火灾事故案例分析林哲次博士高炉毒气外漏(ToxicGasesleakfromBlastFurnace),DurgapurSteelPlan符等。

炼钢行业的火灾事故案例分析林哲次博士高炉毒气外漏(ToxicGasesleakfromBlastFurnace),DurgapurSteelPlant(DSP,孟加拉)伤意外事故发展:TheincidentoccurredwhentheemployeesoftheDSPwereworkingatblastfurnacenumberAtleastpeopleweretakenillaftertoxicmethane甲烷andcarbonmonoxideCOgasesleakedfromablastfurnaceattheDurgapurSteelPlant(DSP)inWestBengalrsquosBurdwandistrictThursday意外事故原因:不明焦炭炉爆炸、火灾(CokeOvenExplosion),PennsylvaniaSteelPlant(美国)名烧伤,名胸部疼痛意外事故发展:TheblastinthecokeovenatUnitedStatesSteelCorp#sClairtonCokeWorkshappenedaround:amWednesday,injuringworkers,atleasttwocritically,andcausingafirethatburnedforhoursafterward,意外事故原因:Unionofficialsarereportingtheexplosionwasrelatedtoagasline火从煤块研磨注入部门扩散开(FireBrokeOutinPulverizedCoalInjectionSection),MSPMetallicsteelplant(Orissa,印度)死名员工烧伤意外事故发展:TheincidentoccurredataroundPMonMondaywhensomeunsafeactionbyemployeesofsteelmanufacturingunitledtothefatalaccidentThreelaborersdiedonthespotwhileotherthreesuccumbedtoburnswhilebeingtakentoIndiraGandhiHospitalatRourkelaOfthefiveinjuredlaborers,threehavebeenkeptinICUwhiletheresttwoareunderobservation意外事故原因:两个可能原因:煤炭存贮槽自燃或焊接火星引燃火灾熔铁爆炸(Amoltenmetalexplosion),PennsylvaniaSteelPlant(美國)死名员工烧伤意外事故发展:熔铁喷出导致爆炸Itappearedavesselcontainingmoltenmetalerupted,spewingthemetalinside意外事故原因:不明原因熔铁喷出缆线隧道火灾(FireOccurredintheCableTunnel),BhilaiSteelPlant(BSP,印度)名员工烧伤意外事故发展:Theblaze,whichbrokeoutintheelectricalcabletunnelataroundhrs,soonengulfedtheMWPowerPlantNumberAbouthalfadozenfiretendersofBSP,locatedaboutkmfromhere,arestillbattlingtheinfernoassmokeisbillowingoutofthePowerandBlowingStation(PandBS)SourcessaidthefirewasbroughtundercontrolbynoonafterfirefightersbattledfornearlysevenhoursThePandBSalsosuppliescompressedairtotheBSP#sblastfurnaces意外事故原因:不明蒸汽爆炸(SteamexplosioninMillrsquosFurnace),BetaSteelCorpPlant(印第安納州,美国)死伤意外事故发展:OnepersonwaskilledandfourothersinjuredinasteamexplosionatanorthwestIndianasteelmillTheThursdaynightexplosionaboutpmatBetaSteelWatermixingwithmoltenslag熔渣inoneofthemill#sfurnacescausedtheExplosionldquoTherewasnofireintheexplosion,onlysteam,Lundysaidanelectricarcfurnacewitha,tonannualproductioncapacityandainchhotstriprollingmillwithamilliontonannualproductioncapacity意外事故原因:水意外跑进炉里Watergotintothefurnaceandsomehowgotunderthemoltensteelandcausedtheexplosion,电弧炉爆炸火灾(FireinMillrsquosFurnace),BetaSteelCorpPlant(印第安納州,美国)伤意外事故发展:BetaSteelsufferedaldquoslageruptionrdquo熔渣噴出intheirElectricArcFurnace(EAF)TheeruptionisunderinvestigationbuttheassumptionatthistimeiswatermayhavebeenintroducedintothevesselbyaccidentThereisdamagetotheEAFvesselandoursourcesareindicatingtherepairswilltakeworkingdaysandattheveryworstcasescenariouptotwoweeksNoneoftherollingequipmentwasaffectedandworkcontinuesatthemill意外事故原因:水意外跑进钢包里Watermayhavebeenintroducedintothevesselbyaccident米高烟囱爆炸(Explosioninametretallsteelchimney),CORUS(Scunthorpe斯肯索普,英国)無意外事故发展:AnexplosioninametretallsteelchimneyinScunthorpeThestackwasn#tadequatelyisolatedfromthelivegassystemwhentheweldingtookplace,meaningtracesofextremelyflammablegaswerepresentinsideThegasignitedduringtheworkandalmostblewtheflarestackinhalfFournearbycontractorswereluckytoescapeseriousinjuryintheincidentatDawesLaneCokeOvensonOctober意外事故原因:未隔绝可燃气体动火管制没落实failingtoremoveflammablegasfromthechimneybeforeundertakinghotrepairs,andfornotcarryingoutaproperriskassessment转化炉液钢爆炸、火灾(LiquidMetalExplodedinSteelConverter),VishweshwaraiahIronSteelLimited(VISL,印度)死员伤意外事故发展:Thesteelconvertercontaining,kgofliquidmetal(pigiron)atveryhightemperatureexplodedFiredisastersfollowingsteelconverterblast意外事故原因:不明高炉爆炸、火灾(ABlastFurnaceExplosion),CorusSteelworks(英国)死名员工烧伤意外事故发展:anexplosionoccurredinoneoftwofurnaces,ThefurnacesproducemoltenironintheinitialphaseofsteelproductionHundredsoftonsofwhitehotmetalpunchedaholeinthestructureLocalresidentssaidtheyheardaseriesofaroundfivebangsTheseexplosionsinsidethefurnaceignitedthegasesemittingfromthetopofthefurnace,startingafireAtthesametime,moltenironescapedfromthebaseofthefurnaceandspreadrapidlyacrossthecasthousefloorWorkersranfortheirlivesasariverofliquidmetalat,CrsquosignitedeverythinginitspathAllvictimsaresufferingvaryingdegreesofburnstotheirskin,lungsandwindpipes,causedbyinhalinghotgasesSomearebelievedtohavelostmorethanhalftheskinontheirbodyOtherssufferedbrokenbonesafterbeingthrownthroughtheair影片讲解VideoWeldingOnFlammableLiquidTank意外事故Accidents头顶上的天车打死电工(OverheadCranehitsteelworkerelectrician),CORUS(Scunthorpe斯肯索普,英国)死意外事故发展:HewasworkingonahighlevelaccessplatformonaSemiGoliathcranewhenheappearstohavebeenstruckbyanoverheadcraneoperatingaboveMrStanderlinewasworkingonahighlevelaccessplatformonasemiGoliathcranewhenhewastrappedandcrushedbyanoverheadcranethatwasoperatingonthecranetracklevelabove意外事故原因:MrStanderline#sdeathcamejustfivedaysafterayearoldwelderwasseriouslyhurtatthecontinuouscastingplant(連鑄廠)Priortostartinganyactivityariskassessmentshouldbemadetocheckthathazardsarecontrolled清除阻塞而夹伤(InjuredwhenClearaJam),CORUS(Skinningrove,英国)右小腿夹伤意外事故发展:DavidHarrison,atthetime,ateamleaderattheSkinningrovefactory,wasworkingonthemillfloorwheresteelisrolledintolongbeamsHewasattemptingtoclearajam清除阻塞inamachine,whichrequiresanoperatoractivatingcontrolsabovethemillfloorTheoperatorwasunabletoseeMrHarrisonandsoinstructionswererelayedviaathirdmanusingacombinationofhandsignalsandshoutingMrHarrisonwasstruckbymovingmachinery,severelyinjuringhisrightleg意外事故原因:WhileCoruswasawareofthehazardsandhadimplementedsafeoperatingprocedurestodealwithsomeoftherisks,itfailedtoinstallafullsafeisolationsystem,whichhadbeenidentifiedasnecessarypriortotheincident三吨铁压死卡车司机(Lorrydrivercrushedbythreetonesofsteel),CORUS(Staffordshire,英国)死意外事故发展:MrBeddow,whowasemployedbyAHingleyTransportLtd,washelpingtoloadsteelplatesontoalorryACorusemployeewasoperatingacranetoliftathreetonnepackofsteelfromatrailer,however,theloadwasnotlevel,andasitwaslifteditfellontopofMrBeddowandkilledhim意外事故原因:承载没有水平theloadwasnotlevel印度钢铁厂事故统计分析的意外事故发生在日常例行工作中岁年龄层为主起因于人的因素与个人疏忽伤害类以腿部受伤为主单独工作出事概率高炼钢部门比例最高技术不纯熟的契约工为契约商意外事故的主因炼钢是钢铁厂最危险的区域!炼钢部门包含各种潜在的危险!聯眾

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