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Perfect Phrases in Amercian Sign Language for Beginners--Lou Fant.pdf

Perfect Phrases in Amercian Sign…

winniebree 2010-09-14 评分 0 浏览量 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《Perfect Phrases in Amercian Sign Language for Beginners--Lou Fantpdf》,可适用于外语资料领域,主题内容包含PerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersThispageintentionallyleftb符等。

PerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersThispageintentionallyleftblankESSENTIALPHRASESFORCOMMUNICATINGWITHUSERSOFASLPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersLouFantandBarbaraBernsteinFant•IllustrationsbyBettyGMiller••NewYorkChicagoSanFranciscoLisbonLondonMadridMexicoCityMilanNewDelhiSanJuanSeoulSingaporeSydneyTorontoCopyrightbyEstateofLouFantandBarbaraBernsteinFantAllrightsreservedExceptaspermittedundertheUnitedStatesCopyrightActof,nopartofthispublicationmaybereproducedordistributedinanyformorbyanymeans,orstoredinadatabaseorretrievalsystem,withoutthepriorwrittenpermissionofthepublisherISBN:MHID:ThematerialinthiseBookalsoappearsintheprintversionofthistitle:ISBN:,MHID:AlltrademarksaretrademarksoftheirrespectiveownersRatherthanputatrademarksymbolaftereveryoccurrenceofatrademarkedname,weusenamesinaneditorialfashiononly,andtothebenefitofthetrademarkowner,withnointentionofinfringementofthetrademarkWheresuchdesignationsappearinthisbook,theyhavebeenprintedwithinitialcapsMcGrawHilleBooksareavailableatspecialquantitydiscountstouseaspremiumsandsalespromotions,orforuseincorporatetrainingprogramsTocontactarepresentativepleaseemailusatbulksalesmcgrawhillcomTERMSOFUSEThisisacopyrightedworkandTheMcGrawHillCompanies,Inc(“McGrawHill”)anditslicensorsreserveallrightsinandtotheworkUseofthisworkissubjecttothesetermsExceptaspermittedundertheCopyrightActofandtherighttostoreandretrieveonecopyofthework,youmaynotdecompile,disassemble,reverseengineer,reproduce,modify,createderivativeworksbasedupon,transmit,distribute,disseminate,sell,publishorsublicensetheworkoranypartofitwithoutMcGrawHill’spriorconsentYoumayusetheworkforyourownnoncommercialandpersonaluseanyotheruseoftheworkisstrictlyprohibitedYourrighttousetheworkmaybeterminatedifyoufailtocomplywiththesetermsTHEWORKISPROVIDED“ASIS”McGRAWHILLANDITSLICENSORSMAKENOGUARANTEESORWARRANTIESASTOTHEACCURACY,ADEQUACYORCOMPLETENESSOFORRESULTSTOBEOBTAINEDFROMUSINGTHEWORK,INCLUDINGANYINFORMATIONTHATCANBEACCESSEDTHROUGHTHEWORKVIAHYPERLINKOROTHERWISE,ANDEXPRESSLYDISCLAIMANYWARRANTY,EXPRESSORIMPLIED,INCLUDINGBUTNOTLIMITEDTOIMPLIEDWARRANTIESOFMERCHANTABILITYORFITNESSFORAPARTICULARPURPOSEMcGrawHillanditslicensorsdonotwarrantorguaranteethatthefunctionscontainedintheworkwillmeetyourrequirementsorthatitsoperationwillbeuninterruptedorerrorfreeNeitherMcGrawHillnoritslicensorsshallbeliabletoyouoranyoneelseforanyinaccuracy,errororomission,regardlessofcause,intheworkorforanydamagesresultingtherefromMcGrawHillhasnoresponsibilityforthecontentofanyinformationaccessedthroughtheworkUndernocircumstancesshallMcGrawHillandoritslicensorsbeliableforanyindirect,incidental,special,punitive,consequentialorsimilardamagesthatresultfromtheuseoforinabilitytousethework,evenifanyofthemhasbeenadvisedofthepossibilityofsuchdamagesThislimitationofliabilityshallapplytoanyclaimorcausewhatsoeverwhethersuchclaimorcausearisesincontract,tortorotherwisevContentsPrefaceviiAcknowledgmentsixChapterBasicSentenceTypesChapterQuestionSignsChapterGreetings,Introductions,andCommonExpressionsChapterGettingBetterAcquaintedChapterSigningandDeafnessChapterHealthChapterNumbers,Time,Dates,andMoneyChapterTechnologyChapterHolidaysandOccasionsChapterAdditionalVocabularyAppendix:TheManualAlphabetThispageintentionallyleftblankviiPrefaceThisbookisdesignedtoprovidevariousphrasesforbeginninglearnersofAmericanSignLanguageorthosewhowishtocommunicatewiththeDeafAmericanSignLanguageisthedominantsignlanguageoftheDeafcommunityintheUnitedStatesandEnglishspeakingpartsofCanadaHerearesomekeyphrasesforeverydaycommunicationconcerninggreetings,introductions,signinganddeafness,health,numbers,time,money,andmoreinshort,basicsurvivalphrasesinAmericanSignLanguageThisbookisnotmeanttoteachthefundamentalsofASLgrammarorofferacomprehensivearrayofphrases(longerdiscussionsofASLgrammarandbasicscanbefoundelsewhere,andalmostphrasescanbefoundinTheAmericanSignLanguagePhraseBook,ThirdEdition)Evenso,thosewhoconsistentlyusethesebasicphrasesmaydiscoverthattheybegintounderstandsomesignconceptsandcanbuilduponthisfoundationtocontinuelearningAmericanSignLanguageItisimportanttobeawarethatAmericanSignisavisualspatiallanguagedistinctfromspokenEnglishIthasitsowngrammar,andtheorderinwhichsignsareputtogetherisdifferentfromEnglishASLgrammarincorporatesnotonlytheuseoffacialexpressionsbutheadandbodymovementsandtheefficientuseofspacearoundthesigneraswellThispageintentionallyleftblankixAcknowledgmentsIwishtoconveymyheartfeltappreciationtoDaveAMorrison,mydearfriendandcolleagueatSeattleCentralCommunityCollege,forhisspiritedperusalofthisbookandsuggestedchangesIextendmygratitudeoncemoretoHollyMcGuireatMcGrawHillforherguidanceandassistanceonthisprojectAndtomymother,RitaBernstein,thankyouforthelifelessonsyouhavetaughtmeAllmylovetoyouThispageintentionallyleftblankPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersThispageintentionallyleftblankChapterBasicSentenceTypesAsImentionedearlierintheIntroductionchapter,facialexpressionsplayaverysignificantroleinASLInaspokenlanguage,theriseandfallofthevoiceaddsmeaningtothewordsspokenImaginethevariouswaysonecansay“Iloveyou”ThecharacteristicrisingofthevoicetowardtheendofaquestionisanotherexampleFacialexpressionsaretoASLasvocalinflectionistospokenEnglishThroughoutthisbook,youwillnotethatthephrasesaredelineatedasstatementsorquestionsThefacehasthesedutiesandsuppliesadditionalsubtletiesandnuancesofmeaningSignshavemeaningsinandofthemselvesjustaswordsdo,butthesemeaningsarealtered,shaped,enriched,andamplifiedbyfacialexpressionsThisistrueespeciallywhenoneasksquestionsinASLIngeneral,whenoneasksawhsign(who,what,why,where,when,which,how,andhowmanyorhowmuchseeChapter),theeyebrowsaredownwardAllotherquestionsusuallycausetheeyebrowstomoveupwardforexample,questionsthatrequireanaffirmativeornegativeresponseTosupportanaffirmativeresponse,noddingoftheheadwouldoccur,eg,“Yes,I’mmarried,”orashakingoftheheadwiththe“I’mnotmarried”responsePerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersForawhsignquestion,theeyebrowsusuallygodownwardThewhsignquestionisalsoaccompaniedbyaheadtiltEyebrowsmoveupwardforotherquestionsandareusuallyaccompaniedbyaheadtiltChapterQuestionSignsThewhsignmaycomeatthebeginningorattheendofaquestion,oritmayappearinbothplacesIfyouwishtoemphasizeaquestion,placeitattheendWHOPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersWHATSHRUGWHATQuestionSignsWHYWHEREPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersWHENWHICHQuestionSignsHOWHOWMANYHOWMUCHThispageintentionallyleftblankChapterGreetings,Introductions,andCommonExpressionsHelloHELLOPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersGoodmorningGOODMORNINGGoodafternoonGOODAFTERNOONGreetings,Introductions,andCommonExpressionsGoodnightGOODNIGHTI’mgladtoseeyouHAPPYSEEPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersGoodbyeGOODBYEPleasePLEASEGreetings,Introductions,andCommonExpressionsYesYESNoNOPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersThankyouGOODExcusemeEXCUSEGreetings,Introductions,andCommonExpressionsIt’sallrightIt’sokayALLRIGHTI’msorrySORRYPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersWhatisyournameNAMEWHATSHRUGMynameisINAMEFingerspellyournameGreetings,Introductions,andCommonExpressionsIt’snicetomeetyouNICEMEETWheredoyouliveLIVEWHEREPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersWhereareyoufromFROMWHEREAreyouinschoolSCHOOLYOUGreetings,Introductions,andCommonExpressionsI’mastudentLEARNAGENTIAGENTisasignusedinconjunctionwithanothersigninordertodesignateapersonwhodoesaparticularthingTheAGENTsigncanbeusedwithmostbutnotalloccupationsPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersWhatkindofworkdoyoudoWORKMAJORWHATSHRUGGreetings,Introductions,andCommonExpressionsI’madoctorIDOCTORI’malawyerteacherLAWTEACHPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersHeknowsmeHESHEITKNOWSMEVerbsinASLfallintothreecategories:nondirectionalverbs,onedirectionalverbs,andmultidirectionalverbsMovementinverbsignsmayexpresswhoisperforminganaction(thesubject)andtowhomtheactionisdirected(thedirectobject)ThisqualityofmovementiscalledverbdirectionalityThenondirectionalverbs(liketheoneabove)donotexpresseithersubjectordirectobjecttherefore,thesetwothings(subjectanddirectobjectnounsandpronouns)mustbesuppliedGreetings,Introductions,andCommonExpressionsIloveyouILOVEYOUThisisalsoanondirectionalverbPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersIseehimheritISEEInregardtoverbdirectionality,asseeninthisexampleonedirectionalverbsignsexpressdirectobjectbutnotsubjectthatis,onedirectionalverbsmovetowardthedirectobjectthus,anounorpronounisnotrequiredIhelpyouHELPHereweseeanexampleofamultidirectionalverbsigninwhichthemovementgoesfromthesubjecttowardthedirectobjectthus,neithersubjectnordirectobjectissignedGreetings,Introductions,andCommonExpressionsYoutellmeYOUTELLMEThisisanotheronedirectionalverbsignPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersCanyougivemethetimeYOUGIVEMETIMECANChapterGettingBetterAcquaintedHowareyouHOWYOUPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersFineFINEGettingBetterAcquaintedAdditionalvocabulary:IamsicktiredwonderfulSICKTIREDWONDERFULPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersAreyoumarriedMARRYYOUYes,I’mmarriedYESMARRYMEGettingBetterAcquaintedMayIintroducemywifeINTRODUCEWIFEPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersAdditionalvocabulary:MayIintroducemyhusbandsondaughterfriendDAUGHTERFRIENDAftermakingthesignforthepersonyouareintroducing,youthenfingerspellthatperson’snameHUSBANDSONGettingBetterAcquaintedI’msingleIONLYI’mdivorcedIDIVORCEDPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersDoyouhaveanychildrenCHILDRENHAVEYOUGettingBetterAcquaintedHaveyoueatenDidyoueatAreyoufinishedeatingEATFINISHPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersIhaven’teatenyetEATLATEIGettingBetterAcquaintedAreyouhungryHUNGERYOUPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersLet’syouandIgotoarestaurantYOUANDIGOTORESTAURANTGettingBetterAcquaintedWhatareyougoingtoorderORDERWHATSHRUGPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersIwillorderbreakfastEATMORNINGORDERWILLIGettingBetterAcquaintedLunchdinnerEATNOONEATNIGHTPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersShecan’tgoWOMANGOTOCAN’THESHEITGettingBetterAcquaintedDoyouhaveacarCARHAVEMayIgowithyouIWITHPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersComevisitmesometimeCOMEVISITONLYTIMEChapterSigningandDeafnessI’mlearningsignlanguageILEARNSIGNLANGUAGEPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersSignslowly,pleaseSIGNSLOWPLEASESigningandDeafnessPleaserepeatAGAINPLEASEPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersIcanfingerspell,butIcan’treaditwellREADGOODCAN’TFINGERSPELLCANBUTSigningandDeafnessYousignfastSIGNRAPIDYOUPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersIunderstandIUNDERSTANDIdon’tunderstandUNDERSTANDSigningandDeafnessWouldyouwriteit,pleaseWRITEPLEASEHowdoyousignWhat’sthesignforSIGNHOWAskthesequestionsbypointingtowhateveritisyouwanttoknowthesignfororbyfingerspellingthewordPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersThere’snosignforthatyouhavetofingerspellitMUSTSIGNHAVENONEFINGERSPELLSigningandDeafnessWhatdoesmeanWHATSHRUGToaskthisquestion,firstmakethesignofwhateveritisthatyouwanttoknowthemeaningof,thensignMEANWHATSHRUGMEANPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersAreyoudeafDEAF(A)DEAF(B)YOUEitherwayofsigning“deaf”isacceptableSigningandDeafnessI’mnotdeafI’mhearingSPEAKIDEAFNOTPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersI’mhardofhearingHARDOFHEARINGISigningandDeafnessDoyouuseahearingaidHEARINGAIDUSEYOUPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersCanyoureadlipsLIPREADCANYOUSigningandDeafnessIspeakalittleSPEAKLITTLEBITIwasborndeafBIRTHDEAFThispageintentionallyleftblankChapterHealthHowdoyoufeelHOWFEELPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersDoyoufeelallrightFEELALLRIGHTHealthIdon’tfeelwellFEELGOODNOTPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersIamsickISICKHealthIamreallysickITRUESICKWhenthesignerwishestostressoremphasizestatements,thentheTRUEsignisusedPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersIfeelbetternowFEELBETTERNOWHealthWhereistherestroomTOILETWHEREPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersWashyourhandsWASHHANDS()Thissign,showninthreesteps,isamimeofactuallywashingthehandsWASHHANDS()WASHHANDS()HealthWashyourfaceWASHFACESimilarly,thissignisamimeofactuallywashingthefaceWheredoesithurtPAINWHEREPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersMyheadachesHEADACHEIIhaveatoothacheTOOTHACHEIHealthIhaveastomachacheSTOMACHACHEIThesignPAINmaybeplacedanywhereonthebodytodenotethatyouarehurtorhaveapaininthatpartofyourbodyPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersIhaveacoldBLOWNOSEIDoyouhaveanyaspirinHAVEFingerspellASPIRINASPIRINHealthIneedadentistdoctorDENTISTDOCTORMUSTIPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersIhavetotakepillsPILLMUSTI’verunoutofmedicineMEDICINEUSEDUPHealthIt’stimetotakeyourtemperatureTIMEFORORALTHERMOMETERPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersYouhavetohaveashotHYPODERMICMUSTNEEDYOUTheMUSTsignmaymean“need”or“should”andisdonedifferentlydependingonthemeaningdesiredIfsomethingismandatory,thenmakeonemovementdownIfsomethingisoptionalbutdesirable,thenmaketwogentledownwardmovementsHealthYouneedtohaveanXrayMUSTNEEDYOUFingerspellXRAYXRAYPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersWereanybonesbrokenBODYBREAKANYThereisnostandardsignfor“bone,”sothestatementhereismoregenerallyreadas,“Isanythinginyourbodybroken”Ifyouwishtosign“bone”specifically,youmustfingerspellitorfindoutwhatthelocalsignforitisHealthCalltheambulanceEMERGENCYVEHICLEBECKONThesignfor“ambulance”indicatesthespinningredlightontopofthevehicleandmayrefertoanyemergencyvehicleorjusttheflashingredlightitselfMywifeisinthehospitalWIFEHOSPITALAnyfamilymemberorfriendssigncanbesubstitutedinlieuofWIFEtocreatenewphrasesTheHOSPITALsignismadebydrawingacrossonthesleevePerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersDoyouhavehospitalizationinsuranceHOSPITALINSURANCEHAVEChapterNumbers,Time,Dates,andMoneySeeChapterforadditionalvocabularyinnumbers,time,andmoneyWhat’syourphonenumberPHONENUMBERWHATSHRUGPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersMyphonenumberisMYPHONENUMBERFingerspellyourphonenumberafterthesignNUMBER(SeeChapterfornumbersigns)Numbers,Time,Dates,andMoneyWhattimeisitTIMEItis:TIMEPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersItis:TIMENumbers,Time,Dates,andMoneyIhaveanappointmentat:APPOINTMENTTIMEPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersHowoldareyouOLDYOUNumbers,Time,Dates,andMoneyHeisyearsoldHESHEITOLDPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersMybirthdayisApril,ThemonthsofMarch,April,May,June,andJulyarespelledoutMonthswithmorelettersareabbreviatedinfingerspellingAPRILDAYMYBIRTHNumbers,Time,Dates,andMoneyI’llseeyounextMondaySEENEARFUTUREMONDAYPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersHegoestothemovieseveryTuesdayEVERYTUESDAYGOTOMOVIEHESHEITBymovingthesignforadayoftheweekdownward,asdonewithTUESDAYhere,youconveytheideaofeveryweekonthatdayNumbers,Time,Dates,andMoneyIseehereverySaturdayEVERYSATURDAYSEEPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersIvisitedmyaunttwomonthsagoTWOMONTHSPASTAUNTVISITNumbers,Time,Dates,andMoneyIboughtanewhousetwoyearsagoTWOYEARSAGOBUYNEWHOUSEPerfectPhrasesinAmericanSignLanguageforBeginnersIgraduateintwoyearsTWOYEARSFROMNOWGRADUATEINumbers,Time,Dates,andMoneyIpayeverythreemonthsPAYEVERYTHREEMONTHSPerfectPhrasesinAmerican

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