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首页 人格式运动型政党与二元性的危险

人格式运动型政党与二元性的危险.pdf(英文)

人格式运动型政党与二元性的危险

lchj1951
2010-08-07 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《人格式运动型政党与二元性的危险pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

ThePersonalisticMovementPartyandtheDangersofDualityDissertationPresentedinPartialFulfillmentoftheRequirementsfortheDegreeDoctorofPhilosophyintheGraduateSchoolofTheOhioStateUniversityByDagDrangeMossigeGraduatePrograminPoliticalScienceTheOhioStateUniversityDissertationCommittee:DrRichardGunther,AdvisorDrAnthonyMughanDrMarcusKurtziiAbstractThisdissertationisacomparativestudyofpersonalisticmovementpartiesMovementpartiesareaparticulartypeofpartiesthatorganizationallyandideologicallystraddlethelinebetweenpoliticalpartiesandsocialmovementsWhileexistingworkshaveearlieridentifiedmovementpartiesoftheGreenandPostIndustrialExtremeRighttypes,thisdissertationidentifiesathirdtypeofthispartyfamily,thePersonalisticMovementPartyUnlikeothermembersofthispartygenus,personalisticmovementpartieshaveintheLatinAmericancontextprovenhighlydurable,andhaveremainedinsemiinstitutionalizedstatesforprolongedperiods,despiteattemptsatpartychangeThefailureofthispartytypetoinstitutionalizeispositedtobeaproductofacomplementarylogic:)Thedominanceofaleaderwhohascontemptfortheconstraintsofmoretraditionalparties,and)afundamentallydifferentconceptionoftheroleofthepoliticalpartyandpartyinstitutionalizationbyasignificantsectorofthepartyelite,whereagreatdivideexistsoneventhedesirabilityandvalueofbecomingamoretraditionalpoliticalorganizationAfteridentifyingthisconstructanditssignificance,arangeoftheoreticalpropositionsonpartychangeareexaminedintheempiricalchaptersofthedissertationThroughthemethodofeliteinterviewingwithmembersofthePJFpVinArgentina,andmembersofthePRDinMexico,thecharacteristicsandlogicsofthepersonalisticmovementpartyareexaminedindepthThestudyarrivesattheconclusionthatpersonalisticmovementpartiesarenotunitaryactors,butremaininaprofoundandpermanenttensionbetweenpartybuildersandmovementadvocateswithsharplydivergingreadingsoftheperceivedpoliticalreality,andfollowingdiverginglogicsiiiTomyparentsToPatriciaivAcknowledgementsIwanttostartfirstandforemostwithaheartfeltthankstotheOhioStateDepartmentofPoliticalScienceIappreciateimmenselythistimeofintellectualgrowth,andthankallfacultyandgraduatestudentswithwhomIhaveinteractedovertheseyearsMygreatestappreciationgoestomychair,RichardGunther,forallhissteadysupport,andforbothguidingmeandhelpingmechartmyowncourseinthestudyofpoliticalpartiesandinstitutionsIamverygratefultoMarkusKurtzandAnthonyMughanforservingonmycommittee,andforalwayschallengingmewiththeirhighlyvaluableinsightsIcouldnothaveaskedforabetterchair,andforabettercommitteeThereareindividualswhodidnothaveadirectroleinmydissertation,butwhosehelponothermattersmadeitallpossibleIwanttothankthestaffattheDepartmentofPoliticalScience,aboveallWayneDeYoung,DianaCamella,andRettaSemones,fortheirprofessionalandkindhelpwiththepracticalsidesofthisprocess,alwayscomplicatedbyfrequenttravelsandaforeigncitizenshipIowemythankstoDonnaGuyattheOSUDepartmentofHistoryforallowinganinfiltradotogleanfromhergreatknowledgeofLatinAmericanhistoryIamhighlygratefultoTheMershonCenterforInternationalSecurityStudies,theGraduateSchoolAlumniGrantsforGraduateResearchandScholarship,andtheTinkerFoundationfortravelandresearchsupportOut“inthefield,”inArgentinaIwanttosincerelythankalltheperonistsandnonperonistswhotooktimeoutoftheirschedulestomeetwithmeandsharetheirthoughtsonatopicforwhichIhavelongheldagreatpassionInparticular,IthankDeputyOsvaldoNemirovsciandPáginawriterMarioWainfeldforpracticalassistanceInaddition,IwouldliketothankAlejandroandBeatrizGavierfortheirfriendshipandhelpovertheyears,andforallowingmetovescapetotheirwonderfulgranjaintheprovincewheneverIneededabreakfromthebigcityInBuenosAires,IthankMónicaFaríasforherfriendshipandforourmanyilluminatingconversationsonArgentinepoliticsInArgentina,Miami,andelsewhere,IthankMaríaGavierforourlongandclosefriendshipovertheyears,forallcreativesolutionstoanyproblemencountered,andfordrawingmyinteresttowardthesouthernconeinthefirstplaceInMexico,mysincerethankstoallmembersofthePRDandotherorganizationswhosogenerouslysharedtheirtime,insights,andpassionformakingtheircountryabetterplaceIthanktheInstitutodeEstudiosdelaRevoluciónDemocráticaforaccesstopartymaterial,andthenewsarchiveHenriqueGonzálezCasanovaandthepoliticalsciencelibraryatUNAMIthankÁngelÁvila,FernandoAyala,DavidMartínez,RodianRangel,JeanFrancoisPrud’homme,andMaríaAntoinetaMoralesMuñozforacademicandpoliticaldiscussionsIparticularlythankSenatorHéctorBautistaandDeputyLuisSánchezfortheinvitationtoofferandtryoutmyownthoughtsonthePRDandMexicanpolitics,subjectsforwhichIbothholdastrongpassion,attheirconferenceonthePRDandsocialdemocracyIfinallysincerelythankJesúsOrtegaandFernándezNoroña,whorepresent,tosaytheleast,verydifferentvisionsoftheproperroleandfutureofthePRD,butwhobothgraciouslyhelpedmeinmyresearchInColumbus,IthankallwhosefriendshipandsupportmadeitpossibletosurviveandthoroughlyenjoytheseyearsinColumbusMydeepestthanksgotoJustinLanceandErinMcAdams,whosehousewasalwaysashelter(andworthyofmorethanonestarintheMichelinGuide),andfortheirlongfriendshipandsupportIthankmyotherColumbuscompañerosRomanIvanchenko,MicheleMorara,AnitaSaha,AngelaSerna,TomStefaniuk,SrdjanVucetic,KonstantinVössing,andLorenzoZambernardi,fortheirfriendship,whichIalreadyknowwilllastalifetimeAndthankstoEugeneHützandGogolBordelloforputtingitallintoperspectiveLastly,Ithankmyparentsforalltheirsupport,andforalwayslettingmetreadmyownpath,andmypartner,PatriciaMéndez,whoenduredbothlongdistances,andmany,manynightsoflongworkIdedicatethisdissertationtothemviVITAJulynd,…………………………………Born,Stavanger,Norway………………………………………………BA,NewsEditorialJournalismColoradoStateUniversity……………………………………………GraduateTeachingandResearchAssociateTheOhioStateUniversity………………………………………GraduateInstructorTheOhioStateUniversityFIELDOFSTUDYMajorField:PoliticalScienceMinorField:LatinAmericanHistoryviiTABLEOFCONTENTSAbstractiiDedicationiiiAcknowledgmentsivVitaviListofTablesviiiListofFiguresxListofAcronymsxiIntroductionChapter:ThePersonalisticMovementPartyChapter:TheGaullistParty:AnHistoricCaseofMovementPartyChangeChapter:ThePartidoJusticialista,:TheResilientMovementPartyChapter:ThePJ,:PartyCollapseandFrailResurrectionChapter:ANewPartidoMovimientoEmerges:PartidodelaRevoluciónDemocráticaChapter:TheBattleoverthePRD,:ThePartyvstheMovementChapter:Conclusion:TheDangersofDualityBibliographyAppendixA:PJDataAppendixB:PRDDataviiiLISTOFTABLESDistributionofformalrecordedinterviews,ArgentinaandMexicoElectoralsupportfor“gaullism,”PJpresidentialcandidatesPRDPercentageofnationalvote,andstateelectionsSecretariesgeneraloftheGaullistParty,Mendozacongressionalbyelection,April,Argentina,Oct,,presidentialelectionBuenosAiresprovince,Oct,,gubernatorialelectionBuenosAiresprovince,Nov,,nationaldeputieselectionArgentina,May,,presidentialelectionBuenosAiresprovince,Oct,,nationaldeputieselectiontotalvotefornationaldeputieselectionvotefornationaldeputies,fivemainprovincesArgentina,Oct,presidentialelectionPJvotevsspoiledandblankvote,senatoriallistfivemaindistrictsPJCongressleadership,April,,presidentialelectionvotetransferfrompresidentialelectionArgentina,April,,presidentialelection,peronistcandidatevotePJnationalcouncilexecutiveboard(partial),ParqueNorteProvinceofBuenosAires,Oct,,electoralresultsIdeologicalselfplacementofvoters,BuenosAiresprovince,postelectionstudyElectoralresultsOct,,FpVvsthePJopposedtoKirchnerPeronistelitepreferenceforperonismideologicaldefinitionandfuturePJmodelArgentina,Oct,,presidentialelectionProvincialheadsofgovernmentandrelationswithKirchnerPJNationalCongressleadership,electedMarch,PJnationalcouncilexecutiveboard,HeadsofprovincialPJbranchesandrelationswithKirchner,MayPRDinternalelection,July,PRDnationalelectionresults,July,PRDgubernatorialvictories,PRDgubernatorialvictories,PRDinternalelections,Nov,,candidateforMexicoCitymayorFederaldistrictelections,July,Desafuerovote,ChamberofDeputies,April,PRDinternalelection,March,PRDnationalexecutivecommittee(CEN),MexicoStategubernatorialelection,July,NayaritgubernatorialelectionJuly,PRDinternalelection,Dec,,candidateforMexicoCitymayorChiefofgovernment,federaldistrictelection,July,ixPRDthnationalcongressdelegatesbreakdownbycorrienteConvenciónNacionalDemocráticaleadership,AMLO’sgobiernolegítimo,COFIPEvote,Senate,Dec,PRDelites’preferredfutureorganizationalandideologicalmodelofthePRDPRDstateelectionresultsafterJuly,throughTabascogubernatorialelection,Oct,Michoacángubernatorialelection,Nov,TotalnumberofofficeselectedMarch,PRDinternalelectionfinalresults,March,PRDthcongressdistributionofelecteddelegatesbycorrientePRDthcongressvoteonnationalcouncilmembersCorrientestrengthPRDstateelectionresultscomparedwithAMLOJuly,resultsPRDreportedassassinationsSummaryoffindingsAPJpartymembership,MarchAPJofficial“spokespersons”(voceros),MarchAElectoralboard,PJnationalcouncil,MarchBPRDpartymembership,MarchBPartyoriginPorelBiendeTodossenatorialcandidates,majoritydistrictsBPRDfederaldeputiesbycorriente,MarchBPRDsenatorsbycorriente,MarchxLISTOFFIGURESThecyclicallogicofthepersonalisticmovementpartyEffectsofnontraditionalorganizationandorientationxiLISTOFACRONYMSACNRAsociaciónCívicaNacionalRevolucionariaADAcciónDemocráticaALDFAsambleaLegislativadelDistritoFederalAMLOAndrésManuelLópezObradorAPRAAlianzaPopularRevolucionariaAmericanaARAcciónparalaRepúblicaARIAfirmaciónparaunaRepúblicaIgualitariaCANACINTRACámaraNacionaldelaIndustriadeTransformaciónCAPComisióndeAcciónPolíticaCCCoaliciónCívicaCCSCuauhtémocCárdenasSolórzanoCDCorrienteDemocráticaCDUChristlichDemokratischeUnionCENComitéEjecutivoNacionalCEUConsejoEstudiantilUniversitarioCFKCristinaFernándezdeKirchnerCGTConfederaciónGeneraldelTrabajoCIDCorrientedeIzquierdaDemocráticaCNDConvenciónNacionalDemocráticaCOFIPECódigoFederaldeInstitucionesyProcedimientosElectoralesCPBTCoaliciónPorelBiendeTodosCRDCorrienteporlaReformaDemocrática(Mexico)CRDComitésdeDéfensedelaRépublique(France)CTACentraldeTrabajadoresdeArgentinaDFDistritoFederalEZLNEjércitoZapatistadeLiberaciónNacionalFAPFrenteAmplioProgresistaFDNFrenteDemocráticoNacionalFEDCAMFederaciónNacionaldeTrabajadoresCamionerosFGFrenteGrandeFNSForoNuevoSolFPFVFrentePopularFranciscoVillaFpVFrenteparalaVictoriaFREJULIFrenteJusticia,UniónyLibertad()FREPASOFrentePaísSolidarioFTVFederacióndeTierrayViviendaGDFGobiernodelDistritoFederalIDNIzquierdaDemocráticaNacionalIFEInstitutoFederalElectoralIMIzquierdaenMovimientoIMFInternationalMonetaryFundxiiISIzquierdaSocialJP“JotaPé”JuventudPeronista(“JotaPé”)MIDMovimientodeIntegraciónyDesarrolloMIJDMovimientoIndependientedeJubiladosyDesocupadosMOBIMovimientodeBasesInsurgentesMPAMovimientoProductivoArgentinoMPNMovimientoPopularNeuquinoNINuevaIzquierdaOIRMLOrganizacióndeIzquierdaRevolucionariaLíneadeMasasPAMIProgramadeAtenciónMédicaIntegralPANPartidoAutonomistaNacional(Argentina)PANPartidoAcciónNacional(Mexico)PARMPartidoAuténticodelaRevoluciónMexicanaPASCPartidoAlternativaSocialdemócratayCampesinaPAUFEPartidoUnidadFederalistaPCAPartidoComunistadelaArgentinaPCMPartidoComunistaMexicanoPIPartidoIntransigentePJPartidoJusticialistaPLPartidoLaboristaPMLPorfirioMuñozLedoPMSPartidoMexicanoSocialistaPMTPartidoMexicanodelosTrabajadoresPPPartidoPeronistaPRDPartidodelaRevoluciónDemocrática(Argentina)PRDPartidodelaRevoluciónDemocrática(Mexico)PRIPartidoRevolucionarioInstitucionalPROPropuestaRep

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人格式运动型政党与二元性的危险

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