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首页 2018年MBA考试英语阅读理解专项练习题

2018年MBA考试英语阅读理解专项练习题.docx

2018年MBA考试英语阅读理解专项练习题

Gordon志强
2017-03-15 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《2018年MBA考试英语阅读理解专项练习题docx》,可适用于高等教育领域

年MBA考试英语阅读理解专项练习题  阅读理解是英语的题型之一为帮助考生们备考复习以下是搜索整理的一份MBA理解专项练习题供参考练习希望对大家有所帮助!想了解更多相关信息请持续关注我们!  Text  Ifsustainablecompetitiveadvantagedependsonworkforceskills,AmericanfirmshaveaproblemHumanresourcemanagementisnottraditionallyseenascentraltothecompetitivesurvivalofthefirmintheUnitedStatesSkillacquisitionisconsideredanindividualresponsibilityLabourissimplyanotherfactorofproductiontobehiredrentedatthelowestpossiblecostmuchasonebuysrawmaterialsorequipment  ThelackofimportanceattachedtohumanresourcemanagementcanbeseeninthecorporatehierarchyInanAmericanfirmthechieffinancialofficerisalmostalwayssecondincommandThepostofheadofhumanresourcemanagementisusuallyaspecializedjob,offattheedgeofthecorporatehierarchyTheexecutivewhoholdsitisneverconsultedonmajorstrategicdecisionsandhasnochancetomoveuptoChiefExecutiveOfficer(CEO)Bywayofcontrast,inJapantheheadofhumanresourcemanagementiscentralusuallythesecondmostimportantexecutive,aftertheCEO,inthefirm'shierarchy  WhileAmericanfirmsoftentalkaboutthevastamountsspentontrainingtheirworkforce,infacttheyinvestlessintheskillsoftheiremployeesthandoeitherJapaneseorGermanfirmsThemoneytheydoinvestisalsomorehighlyconcentratedonprofessionalandmanagerialemployeesAndthelimitedinvestmentsthataremadeintrainingworkersarealsomuchmorenarrowlyfocusedonthespecificskillsnecessarytodothenextjobratherthanonthebasicbackgroundskillsthatmakeitpossibletoabsorbnewtechnologies  Asaresult,problemsemergewhennewbreakthroughtechnologiesarriveIfAmericanworkers,forexample,takemuchlongertolearnhowtooperatenewflexiblemanufacturingstationsthanworkersonGermany(astheydo),theeffectivecostofthosestationsislowerinGermanythanitisintheUnitedStatesMoretimeisrequiredbeforeequipmentisupandrunningatcapacity,andtheneedforextensiveretraininggeneratescostsandcreatesbottlenecksthatlimitthespeedwithwhichnewequipmentcanbeemployedTheresultisaslowerpaceoftechnologicalchange,AndintheendtheskillsofthebottomhalfofthepopulationaffectthewagesofthetophalfIfthebottomhalfcan'teffectivelystafftheprocessesthathavetobeoperated,themanagementandprofessionaljobsthatgowiththeseprocesseswilldisappear  WhichofthefollowingappliestothemanagementofhumanresourcesinAmericancompanies  ATheyhirepeopleatthelowestcostregardlessoftheirskills  BTheyseethegainingofskillsastheiremployees'ownbusiness  CTheyattachmoreimportancetoworkersthantoequipment  DTheyonlyhireskilledworkersbecauseofkeencompetition  WhatisthepositionoftheheadofhumanresourcemanagementinanAmericanfirm  AHeisoneofthemostimportantexecutivesinthefirm  BHispostislikelytodisappearwhennewtechnologiesareintroduced  CHeisdirectlyunderthechieffinancialexecutive  DHehasnosayinmakingimportantdecisionsinthefirm  ThemoneymostAmericanfirmsputintrainingmainlygoesto  Aworkerswhocanoperatenewequipment  Btechnologicalandmanagerialstaff  Cworkerswholackbasicbackgroundskills  Dtopexecutives  Accordingtothepassage,thedecisivefactorinmaintainingafirm'scompetitiveadvantageis  Atheintroductionofnewtechnologies  Btheimprovementofworkers'basicskills  Ctherationalcompositionofprofessionalandmanagerialemployees  Dtheattachmentofimportancetothebottomhaftoftheemployees  Whatisthemainideaofthepassage  AAmericanfirmsaredifferentfromJapaneseandGermanfirmsinhumanresourcemanagement  BExtensiveretrainingisindispensabletoeffectivehumanresourcemanagement  CTheheadofhumanresourcemanagementmustbeinthecentralpositioninafirm'shierarchy  DThehumanresourcemanagementstrategiesofAmericanfirmsaffecttheircompetitivecapacity  参考答案:BDBBD  Text  "WelcometotheUSAIMajorCreditcardsaccepted!"  Bythemillionstheyarecomingnolongerthetired,thepoor,thewretchedmasseslongingforabetterlivingThesearethewealthy"Wedon'thaveabudget,"saysabiologistfromBrazil,asshewalkswithtwocompanionsthroughNewYorkCity'sSouthStreet"Wejustuseourcreditcards"  TheUShaslongbeenoneoftheworld'smostpopulartouristdestinations,butthisyearhasbeenexceptionalFirsttherewastheWorldCup,whichdrewthousandsfromeverycorneroftheglobethencametheweakeningoftheUSdollaragainstmajorcurrenciesNowtheUS,stilltheworld'ssuperpower,canalsoclaimtobetheworld'sbargainbasement(廉价商品部)NobodyundersellsAmericathesedaysonjustabouteverything,fromconsumerelectronicstofashionclothestotennisracketsBottomretailpricesanywherefromtolowerthanthoseinEuropeandAsiahaveattractedsomemillionvisitors,whoareexpectedtoleavebehind$billioninThat'supfrom$billiontheyearbefore  True,noteveryonecomesjustforbargainsThereremainsanundeniablefascinationintherestoftheworldwithallthingsAmerican,nourishedbyHollywoodfilmsandUStelevisionseriesButshoppingtheUSAisprovingirresistibleEveryweekthousandsarrivewithemptysuitcasesreadytobefilledsomeevenrentanadditionalhotelroomtoholdtheirpurchasesThebuyingbinge(无节制)hasbecomeasimportantaswatchingOldFaithfulFountainseruptinYellowstoneParkorsunbathingonabeachinFlorida  TheUShascomeatlasttoappreciatewhatothercountrieslearnedlongago:thepouringinofforeigntouristsmaynotalwaysbeconvenient,butitdoesputmoneyinthebankAndwithatradedeficitatabout$billionandgrowingforthepastmonths,theUSneedsallthedepositsitcangetComparedwithAmericantouristsabroad,visitorstotheUSstaylongerandspendmoremoneyateachstopanaverageofnightand$atravelerversustheAmericans'fournightand$  FromwhattheBrazilianbiologistsays,weknowthattouristslikeher  Aarereluctanttocarrycashwiththem  Bsimplydon'tcarehowmuchtheyspend  Carenotgoodatplanningtheirexpenditure  Doftenspendmoremoneythantheycanafford  Thereasonwhywasexceptionalisthat  AitsawanunusuallylargenumberoftouriststotheUS  BitwitnessedadropinthenumberoftouriststotheUS  CtourismwashardlyaffectedbytheweakeningoftheUSdollarthatyear  DtouristscametotheUSforsightseeingratherthanforbargainsthatyear  Bysaying"nobodyundersellsAmerica"(Line,Para),theauthormeansthat  AnoothercountryunderestimatesthecompetitivenessofAmericanproducts  BnobodyexpectstheAmericanstocutthepricesoftheircommodities  CnobodyrestrainsthesellingofAmericangoods  DnoothercountrysellsatalowerpricethanAmerica  WhydoestheauthorassertthatallAmericanthingsarefascinatingtoforeigners  ABecausetheyhavegainedmuchpublicitythroughtheAmericanmedia  BBecausetheyrepresenttheworld'slatestfashions  CBecausetheyembodythemostsophisticatedtechnology  DBecausetheyareavailableatalltouristdestinations  FromthepassagewecanconcludethattheUShascometorealize  AtheweakeningiftheUSdollarcanresultintradedeficits  Bthelowertheretailprices,thegreatertheprofits  Ctourismcanmakegreatcontributionstoitseconomy  DvisitorstotheUSarewealthierthanUStouristsabroad  参考答案:BADAC

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