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首页 ever用法

ever用法.doc

ever用法

lee1900cema
2010-07-23 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《ever用法doc》,可适用于求职/职场领域

多数英语学习者见到词尾带ever的单词就习惯性地将其译成"无论……"其实这种做法在很多情况下是行不通的因为那只是这类单词的用法之一除此之外此类单词还有其他一些用法值得英语学习者注意。因这类单词在阅读和测试中出现频率较高而在不同语境中其用法和含义却不尽相同。在近三年的全国英语四级试题中每年都有一道涉及ever用法的试题:)WeagreedtoaccepttheythoughtwasthebesttouristguideA)whateverB)whomeverC)whicheverD)whoever)difficultieswemaycomeacross,we'llhelponeanothertoovercomethemA)WhereverB)Whatever C)HoweverD)Whenever)TheyalwaysgivethevacantseatstocomesfirstA)whoeverB)whomever C)whoD)whom  在第)题中,whatever意为"无论什么"引导状语从句而在第)和第)题中whoever意为"thepersonwho或anyonewho"用来引导宾语从句。这类由"特殊疑问词+ever"构成的单词有:whatever,whichever,whoever,wherever,whenever,however现将它们的用法归纳如下:引导让步状语从句:这也是这类单词最常见的用法一般译为"无论……"。如:Keepcalm,whateverhappens(无论什么)Whoeveryouare,youcan'tpassthisway(无论谁)Iwillfindherwherevershemaybe(无论在哪里)Comeandseemewheneveryouwantto(无论何时)Howeverfrightenedyoumaybeyourself,youmustremainoutwardlycalm(无论怎样)whatever,whoever,whichever引导名词性从句)whatever起双重作用相当于"anythingthat"或"anythat"可引导主语从句和宾语从句。①可以将其看成兼为先行词的关系代词相当于"anythingthat"在从句中作主语或宾语。如:WhateverIhaveisatyourservice(引导主语从句在从句中作宾语)Prisonershavetoeatwhateverthey'regiven(引导宾语从句在从句中作宾语)I'lljustsaywhatevercomesintomymind(引导宾语从句在从句中作主语)②可以将其看成兼为先行词的关系代词相当于"anythat,在从句中作定语。如:Shewouldtellhimwhatevernewsshegot(=anynewsthat)Whatevermeasuresareadoptedmustbeconsistentwiththerules(=anymeasuresthat))whoever起双重作用相当于"anyonewho",可引导主语从句和宾语从句。前面提到的年月和年月的两道四级试题均属于此种用法。又如:Iwillgivemytickettowhoeverwantsit(引导宾语从句)Whoevergetsthejobwillhavealotofworktodo(引导主语从句))whichever引导主语从句或宾语从句译为"无论哪一个"。如:Whicheverofyoucomesinfirstwillreceiveaprize(引导主语从句) Iwilltakewhicheverfitsthesockets(引导宾语从句) 在英语学习中无论是阅读文章还是做题都要看清语境结合上下文来确定单词的含义。不能只记住这类单词"无论……"的意思并将其运用于各种场合。请做下面的练习来巩固一下上面讲的。 Exercises:)makesmistakesmustcorrectthemA)WhomeverB)WhicheverC)WhoeverD)Whatever)YoucantakeseatyoulikeA)whereverB)whicheverC)whomeverD)whenever)CollegestudentsarefreetostudyintereststhemA)whereverB)whicheverC)wheneverD)whatever)FreemovieticketswillbegiventocomesfirstA)whoeverB)whomeverC)whoseverD)however)Youdon'thavetoworry,sincenoonewillnoticeyoudoA)whicheverB)whateverC)howeverD)whenever)DoesBritishforeignpolicyremainthesame,isinpowerA)thatpartyB)whosepartyC)whicheverpartyD)whateverparty)Airisallaroundusweareontheearth,wearesurroundedbyairA)WhereverB)WhateverC)HoweverD)Whenever)hardhetries,heneverseemsabletodotheworksatisfactorilyA)WhereverB)WhateverC)WheneverD)However)I'llgotothetheatreIgetthechanceA)whereverB)whateverC)wheneverD)however)planyouadopt,youwillencounterdifficultiesA)WhereverB)WhicheverC)WheneverD)Whoever参考答案:))C)B)D)A)B)))C)A)D)C)B)hashelpedtosavethedrowninggirlisworthpraisingwethinkdeservestheawardwillcertainlygetitHefeelssurethatwinstheelectionwillhavethesupportofbothpartiesleavestheroomlastoughttoturnoffthelightsAstotriathlon(三项全能),gainsthemostpointsineveryeventwinsthegamewilltakepartinthephysicscontestwillbeannouncedattomorrow'smeetingAwhoBwhoever

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