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首页 词汇380

词汇380.doc

词汇380

cherrymiao
2010-07-08 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《词汇380doc》,可适用于求职/职场领域

高考英语总复习资料重点讲解:英语词汇题详解Inthisfactory,suggestionsoftenhavetowaitformonthsbeforetheyarefullyAadmittedBacknowledgedCabsorbedDconsidered答案Dconsidered注释considered考虑admit承认absorb吸收。注意acknowledge)(=agreeoradmitthetruthofconfess)承认,供认AHeacknowledgedhismistake(他承认了他的错误。)B接动名词Heacknowledgedhavingbeenbeaten(他承认被打败了。))(expressthanksfor)致谢AMaryacknowledgedthegiftwithapleasantletter(玛丽致函感谢馈赠的礼物。)BHislongservicewiththecompanywasacknowledgedwithapresent(向他赠送礼品以感谢他长期来对公司的服务。)Theboyslippedoutoftheroomandheadedfortheswimmingpoolwithouthisparents'       Acommand          Bconviction          Cconsent                 Dcompromise答案Cconsent注释consent同意,赞成,答应。conviction深信,确信。compromise妥协,折中。command命令,指令掌握,运用能力。Ourresearchhasfocusedonadrugwhichissoastobeabletochangebrainchemistry       Apowerful                Binfluential          Cmonstrous                 Dvigorous答案Apowerful注释powerful(=havingorproducinggreatpower)强有力的。在这里四个形容词中,只有powerful(有效力的)可与表示药物的名词搭配。influential有影响的,有势力的,monstrous异常大的,vigorous精力旺盛的,强健有力的。ThelostcaroftheLeeswasfoundinthewoodsoffthehighway       Avanished                 Babandoned                 Cscattered                 Drejected答案Babandoned注释abandoned(=giveupcompletely)放弃,抛弃)Thescientistabandonedhisresearchforlackoffund)Thesailorsabandonedtheburningship注意abandon暗指某人对其所抛弃的人或物将会发生什么事情不感兴趣,如把撞坏的汽车抛弃在路旁。vanish(=suddenlydisappeargooutofexistence)vi消失,绝迹)Theairplanevanishedintotheclouds)Manykindsofanimalshavevanishedformtheearth(许多种类的动物以在地球上绝迹。)  scatter(=send,goindifferentdirection)驱使,使分散Thepolicescatteredthecrowed(警察驱散人群。)(=throworputinvariousdirections)撒,到处放Hescatteredhisclothesallovertheroomreject(=refusetoaccept)拒绝接受SherejectedmysuggestionHenry'snewsreportcoveringtheconferencewassothatnothinghadbeenomitted       Aunderstanding                                          Bcomprehensible       Ccomprehensive                                   Dunderstandable答案Ccomprehensive注释comprehensive完全的无所不包的comprehensible能懂的,可以理解的understandable可以理解的,主要用来指人的行为。understanding用来指人时,表示"善于理解别人或别人问题的(人)。"注意下面的搭配:acomprehensivemap(街区详图)acomprehensibleremark(听得懂的话),anunderstandablemistake(可以理解的错误)anunderstandingfriend(一位能理解人的朋友)。ShewasafraidthatunlessthetrainspeededupshewouldlosehertoScotland       Aticket                   Bplace                   Cseat                   Dconnection答案Dconnection注释loseone'sconnectionto误了到地方去的(汽车、火车、轮船的)联运ThetrainwaslateandImissedmyconnectionTheshipwasinastormoffJamaica       Adrowned                   Bsunk                  Cwrecked          Dsubmitted答案Cwrecked注释wreckvt撞坏,毁坏)Mysonwreckedmycar)Mycarwascompletelywreckedintheaccident       sinkvt下沉,沉没,该动词也可作及物动词用,意为“使下沉”,但按本题句意看,用被动语态不妥。drown溺死,淹死:(vt)Hedrownedhiswife(vi)Hedrownedintheriver(他在河里淹死了。)submit)(=putoneselfunderthecontrolofanother)提交,呈送(to):Shouldawifesubmitherselftoherhusband(妻子应顺从他丈夫吗?))(=putforwardforoption,discussion,decisionect)提出(供评论、讨论决定等)Youmustsubmityourrequesttothecommittee)(=surrender(to),givein)屈服,投降:Afterbeingdefeated,theysubmittedtotheenemy(打败后,他们向敌人投降了。)Noonehasbeenabletotracetheauthorofthepoem       Astill                          Byet                          Calready                          Djust答案Byet注释yet常用于现在完成时的否定句中,意为“尚,还”。MorethanonethirdoftheChineseintheUnitedStatesliveinCalifornia,inSanFrancisco       Apreviously                       Bpredominantly                       Cpractically               Dpermanently答案Bpredominantly注释predominantly(=mostlymainly)主要地。previously(=comingearlierintimeororder)先前,早先Thisisbetterthananysolutionpreviously(这个办法比以前提出的任何解决办法都好。)practically(=reallyinapracticalway)实际上。permanently(=goingonforalongtime)永久地。本题译文:在美国,华人中有三分之一居住在加利福尼亚洲,其中主要是在旧金山。Thenewsecretaryhaswrittenaremarkablyreportonlyinafewpagesbutwithallthedetails       Aconcise                  Bclear                  Cprecise                  Delaborate答案Aconcise注释concise(=briefgivingmuchinformationinfewwords)简明扼要的:Hegaveaconcisereportofthemeeting(他对会议作了简明扼要的报道。)clear清楚的。precise(=exactcorrectlystatedfreeformerror)精确的,明白无误的Pleasetellmetheprecisemeasurements(请告诉我精确的尺寸。)elaborate(=workedoutwithmuchcarecarefullyprepared)精心制作的,丰盛的:Peterworkedoutanelaborateschemeforraisingthemoney(彼得制定了一项详尽得计划来筹集着笔款项。)孤立地看,似乎个形容词均能修饰report,但从句子的逻辑关系看,后半句中有onlyinafewpagesbutwithallthedetails,故concise是最贴切的选择了。Themanagingdirectortookthefortheaccident,althoughitwasnotreallyhisfault       Aguilt                   Bcharge                   Cblame                  Daccusatio答案Cblame注释taketheblamefor对承担责任。Takechargeof负责管理(照顾)。注意charge前无冠词theTheworkeragreedtothestrikeifthecompanywouldsatisfytheirdemands       Acallfor                   Bcallforth                   Ccalloff                   Dcallup答案Ccalloff     注释详见III,,注释。Icouldjustseeacarinthedistance,butIcouldn'twhatcoloritwas       Alookout                 Bmakeout                          Cgetacross                  Dtakeafter答案Bmakeout     注释详见III,注释。Hehasimpressedhisemployersconsiderablyandheissoontobepromoted       Aeventually                   Byet                   Cfinally                   Daccordingly答案Daccordingly注释accordingly(=forthatreason,therefore)因此,所以。Itwasagreatforhimtobepleasanttopeoplehedidn'tlike       Aattempt                   Btrouble                  Cpower                   Deffort答案Deffort注释effort(作可数名词用)(=vigorousattempt)努力的尝试:Doesitrequireagreateffortofwilltogiveupsmoking(戒烟需要坚强的毅力吗?)Thefiremenmanagedtothefireintime       Aextinguish                   Bprevent                   Csuppress                   Druin答案Aextinguish注释extinguish(=putout)vt扑灭(火焰等)。Stopthefire虽然也可以搭配,但按本句题意用extinguish为最佳。WhatismostobviousinthisbookareallthosedetailsofdailylivingwhichmakeMrsRichardcommon       Anothingbut                       Banythingbut               Caboveall                Dratherthan答案Banythingbut注释anythingbut(=farfrombeing)根本不Theboysknewtheybadbrokentherules,andtheywereanythingbuthappywhentheywerecalledtotheoffice(=Theywereunhappyandafraid)nothingbut只不过Don'thavehimforafriendhe'snothingbutacriminal(不要把他当朋友,他只不过是个罪犯。)Ihavenothingbuttwodollars(我只有美元。)aboveall最重要的。ratherthan而不是Thecarwascompletelyandthedriverseriouslyinjured       Abrokenoff                        Btakenoff                Cwrittenoff                Dpickedup答案Cwrittenoff注释writeoff报废,参看III,注释breakoff参看III注释takeoff参看III注释pickup参看III,注释。Onthishappyoccasion,I'dliketosaythatwearemuchobligedtoyouforyourkindcooperation       Aevenso                  Beverso                  Casyet                  Dsofar答案Beverso注释everso(=very)非常It'seversocold与名词搭配时则用eversuch,如:She'seversuchanicegirl(她是一位非常好的姑娘。)evenso(=althoughthatistrue,neverthelessstill)即使如此:Thefirewasout,butevenso,thesmellofsmokewasstrong(=Thefirewasout,butthesmellwasstillthere)Hisnewappointmenttakesfromthebeginningofnextmonth       Aplace                   Beffect                  Cpost                   Doffice、答案Beffect 注释takeeffect生效。Thepolicemanstoppedhimwhenhewasdrivinghomeandhimofspeeding       Acharged                   Baccused                   Cblamed                   Ddeprived答案Baccused注释accusesbof控告某人犯有,warnsbof警告、告戒某人有deprivesbofsth剥夺某人某事。chargesbwithmurder(指控某人犯有杀人罪)。MrSmithgraduallyaknowledgeofthesubject       Aattained                   Bachieved                   Crequired           Dacquired答案Dacquired注释acquired(=gainforoneselfbyskillorability,byone'sowneffortsorbehavior)(由技术、能力、努力或行为)获得得到:HehasacquiredagoodcommandofEnglishlanguage(他已精通英语。)achieve,vt取得(胜利、成功等),实现(目标、目的等)。attain,vt达到(目的等),取得(成就等):)Ihopeyouwillattainyourobject(我希望你会达到你的目的。))HeattainedsuccessthroughhardworkThisisthepianoonwhichthecomposercreatedsomeofhisgreatestworks  Aactual                   Bgenuine                   Creal                   Doriginal答案Aactual 注释本题中actual(=existinginfact,notimaginary)实际使用过的。actual,read,genuine是同义词,有时可以互换,如:anactual(orreal)eventinhistory,(历史上的真实事件),real(orgenuine)banknotes(真钞票),其反义词是false(假的)original(原来的),其反义词是duplicate(复制的)。从不同的角度看,似乎任何一个选择都说得过去,但按照题意选Aactual最佳,因为题中强调的不是钢琴的真假,而是指作曲家“实际使用过的”。本题译文:这是作曲家创作他的一些杰出作品时实际使用过的那台钢琴。Mycameracanbetotakepicturesincloudyorsunnyconditions  Atreated                   Badopted                   Cadjusted                   Dremedied答案Cadjusted注释adjust(=arrange,putinorderoragreementmakesuitableorconvenientforuse)强调,调节,使适应Thebodyadjustsitselftochangeoftemperature(身体能自行调节以适应温度的变化。)Myeyeshavenotbeenadjustedtodarkyet(我的眼睛还没有适应黑暗。)本句中adjust是不及物动词。ImustadjustmywatchIt'sslow(我必须调一下我的表。它走得慢了。)AccordingtothepsychoanalystSigmundFreud,wisdomcomesfromtheofmaturity  Afulfillment                                      Bachievement   Cestablishment                           Daccomplishment答案Bachievement注释achievement(=somethingsuccessfullyfinishedorgainedespeciallythroughskillandhardwork)取得,达到,成就。例如:achievementage智力成熟年龄。fulfilment(=theactoffulfillingorconditionofbeingfulfilled)履行,实行。如:Hewaswillingtofaceanyhardshipinfulfilmentofhisduties(他愿意迎向困难去履行他得职责。)establishment建立,建设。Accomplishment(顺利)完成:Itwasagreataccomplishmenttofinishthehousecleaningintwodays(两天内打扫完这栋屋子是件很了不起的事。)Thenumberofticketswillbedeterminedbythesizeofthestadium       Aadaptable                        Bacceptable                 Cadvisable                 Davailable答案Davailable注释available(=capableofbeingusedthatmaybeobtained)可用的,有效的,可得到的。例如:)Therearenodoctorsavailableintheremoteareas(在边远地区没有大夫。))Thereticketsareavailableforonmonth(这些票有效期一个月。)acceptable可以接受的:Noneofthesuggestionswasacceptableadvisable明智的,可取的,适当的:Ithinkitadvisablethathebeassignedtothejob(我认为指派他干这项工作是可取的。)adaptable能适应的:HeisanadaptablemanandwillsoonlearnthenewworkToomanyhotelshavebeenbuiltandthishasprices,makingholidayscheaper  Acutshort                   Bcutout                   Ccutoff                   Dcutdown答案Dcutdown注释cutdown参阅III,注释。Heisaveryhonestofficialandneveranygiftsfromthepeoplewhosoughthishelp  Aaccepted                   Breceived                   Ctookup                   Dexcepted答案Aaccepted注释receive收到,接到,指“收,接”这一动作而accept是经过考虑“接受”下来,表示当事人的态度,如:Ireceivedthepresent,butIdidnotacceptit(我收到了这件礼物,但我没有接受。)Hewasnottotheclubbecausehewasn'tamember       Aallowed                         Badmitted                 Cpermitted                 Dapproved答案Badmitted注释admitsbto(=allowsborsthtoenterletin)允许某人某物进入让进入:)Childrenarenotadmitted(儿童免进。)Onlyonehundredboysareadmittedtotheschooltheschooleveryyear(这所学校每年只收名男生。)admit(=acknowledgeconfess)承认,供认:)Wehavetoadmitthatheisahighlycompetentman(我们不得不承认他是一位能力很强的人。))Thethiefadmittedhiscrime)Sheadmittedhavingreadtheletter,)Iadmitbreakingthewindow注意admit后可接动名词的一般式或完成式。)Wemustadmitthetasktobedifficult。注意admit也可以接复合结构。allow和permit后均可接sbtodosth,故不合本题题意。approvesth批准approveofdoingsth(=thinkwellof)赞成,赞许:)Iamafraidtheywon'tapproveofyourgoingthere(恐怕他们不会赞成你去那里的。))Idon'tapproveofyourwayoflookingatthings(我不赞同你看待事情的方法。)Althoughhedoesn'tlikethatlaw,hewillwithit       Aconfine                   Bconform                   Ccomply                   Dcontend答案Ccomply   注释complywith遵守。TheDepartmentisalsodeeplyinvariousimprovementschemes       Aconnected           Bincluded                   Cinvolved   Dimplied答案Cinvolved注释beinvolvedin参与。Beincludedin包括在中。Keysshouldneverbehiddenaroundthehousesincethievesknowwheretolook       Avirtually                Bvariously                 Cunavoidably                 Dinvariably答案Dinvariably注释invariably总是,不变地。Virtually事实上,实际上。unavoidably不可避免地。Theboyhadaescapewhenheranacrosstheroadinfrontofthebus       Aclose                   Bshort                   Cnarrow                   Dfine答案Cnarrow 注释haveanarrowescape幸免遇难。DoyoumindifIwithmyworkwhileyouaregettingteaready       Agetthrough                 Bturnto                 Ccarryon                Dcomeon答案Ccarryon     注释carryon继续,参看Ⅲ,。Ileftfortheofficeearlierthanusualthismorningtrafficjam  Ainlinewith                               Bincaseof  Cforthesakeof                           Dattheriskof答案Bincaseof注释incaseof参看Ⅲ,注释。Inlinewith(=inagreementwith)与一致,符合:Hisactionswerenotinlinewithhisbelief本句中inlinewith作表语。Inlinewithhistoryandsocialevolutionsocialismisinevitable本句中inlinewith引导地短语作状语,意为“按照”。Forthesakeof为了起见。Atthesakeof冒的风险。Thefinanceministerhasnotbeensosinceheraisedtaxestosuchahighlevel       Apopular                Bwellknown                 Cfavorable                Dpreferable答案Apopular注释popular此处意为“(=likedandadmired)受爱戴的,有名声或声望的”。Itiswrongforsomeoneinsuchahighinthegovernmenttobehavetoobadlyinpublic       Asituation                Bposition                 Cemployment                Dprofession答案Bposition注释position此句中指“地位”(不可数,有时加不定冠词),如:)Shewasawomanofhighposition)ahigh(low)positionsocietyWeallknewfromtheverythattheplanwouldfail       Aoutcome           Boutset                   Cincome                   Doutput答案Boutset注释outset开端,开始,fromtheveryoutset(从一开始)。outbreak爆发,发生。outcome结局income收入。output产量。Helookedratheruntidyasthereweretwobuttonsfromhiscoat  Aloosing       Blosing                           Coff                   Dmissing答案Dmissing注释missing缺少的abookwithsomemissingpages(缺页书)。Lawyersoftenmakehigherfortheirworkthantheyshould  Abills                          Bcharges                           Cprices           Dcosts答案Bcharges注释makechargesfor对收(费)索(价)。charge也可以用作动词,表示“收费,索价”,如:)Wedon'tchargeanythingforthat(对此我们不收费。))Howmuchdoyouchargeforahaircut(理个发要收多少钱?)TheworkmenmadesomuchthatMrsWalkerhadtospendthreedayscleaningupafterwards       Atrouble                   Bdamage                   Cmess                   Dnuisance答案Cmess注释makemess弄得乱七八糟。Makeamessof“把弄得乱七八糟”:Hemadeamessofhiswork(他把他的工作搞得乱七八糟。Theyhaveheldseveralmeetingstonextyear'sproductionplans  Asetdown                   Bmakeout           Cworkup   Ddrawup答案Ddrawup注释参阅III,。本题译文:他们已开过几次会议来起草明年得生产计划。Howcanwegetthislanguagepointtothestudents  Adown                   Bround                   Cacross                   Dinto答案Cacross注释参阅III,注释。本题译文:我们怎样才能把这个语言点向学生讲清楚?Thisbookgivesabriefofthehistoryofthecastleanddetailsoftheartcollectioninthemainhall       Aoutline                   Breference                   Carticle           Doutlook答案Aoutline注释outline轮廓,概要giveanoutlineofsth概要说明某事。Dresswarmly,you'llcatchcold       Aonthecontrary               Borrather                Corelse                 Dinnoway答案Corelse注释orelse(=otherwiseifnot)否则:Hurryup,or(else)you'llbelateKate'sambitiontobecomeanursefromadesiretohelpothers       Aprompted                 Bpromoted                 Cprogrammed         Dproceeded答案Dproceeded注释proceedform(=ariseform)来自由产生:)Cloudsofsmokeproceededformthechimney(从烟囱里升起缕缕浓烟。))Thisproceededfromignorance(这是出于无知。)注意proceed的其他用法:(=goontodosthcontinue)接着(做某事)继续进行)Heproceededtogivemeavividdescriptionofthemountainousscenerythere(他接着给我栩栩如生地描述那里的山区景色。))接介词withNowpleaseproceedwithyourstory(现在请你接着将下去。))接介词to:Wewillnowproceedtothenextbusiness(我们现在将接着干下面的一件事。))准备取得(某种学位):HewillproceedtothedegreeofMAthisyear(他准备今年取得文科硕士学位。)本题译文:凯特想当护士的志向出自于帮助他人的愿望。Theislandwheretheserarebirdsnesthasbeendeclareda       Aobservation               Breservation               Cpreservation               Dconservation答案Dconservation注释conservation保存(自然资源等)theconservationofsoilandwater水土保持thelawofconservationofenergy能量守恒定律。observation观察reservation(旅馆房间、戏院座位等的)预定保留(意见)美保留地:)Haveyoumakeyourreservations(你预定了没有?))Iwillacceptthesuggestionwithoutreservation(我将毫无保留地接受这项建议。))ThegovernmenthassetapartIndianreservations(政府已经划出印地安人保留地。)preservation保存Wemuststriveforthepreservationofournaturalresources(我们必须努力保护自然资源)conservation,preservation,reservation从汉语概念出发时很容易混淆。Conservation是动词conserve派生的名词,与原来动词的意义相同,表示"保持、保存”时,强调“珍惜、节用。Preservation是动词preserve派生的名词,强调“收藏、保存”使之完好无损或质量不变常与食品、博物馆收藏的展品等词搭配。Reservation主要指意见、看法等的“保留”作“保留地”解时,尤指美国印地安人保留地或澳大利亚土著民族保留地。本题指自然生态的保持,用conservation最切题。本题译文:这个珍禽巢居的岛已宣布为自然保护区。AlthoughJohnwastheeldestinthefamily,healwayslethissisterchargeofthehouse Atake                   Bhold                   Cmake                   Dget答案Atake注释takechargeof(=tobeorbecomeresponsibleforsborsth)负责、掌管、看管Hetookchargeofthedepartment(orthechildren)Thechildenjoyedupthewoodenbricksthenknockingthemdown  Aadding           Bpushing                   Cpiling           Dforming答案Cpiling注释pileup(=layinapileorasifi

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