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首页 HTTP协议中文版

HTTP协议中文版.pdf

HTTP协议中文版

云端听海
2010-07-02 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《HTTP协议中文版pdf》,可适用于IT/计算机领域

RFCHTTP年月Fielding等标准路线页网络工作组RFielding请求注释:加州大学欧文分校废弃:JGettys类别:标准路线康柏WCJCMogul康柏HFrystykWC麻省理工LMasinter施乐PLeach微软TBernersLeeWC麻省理工年月超文本传输协议HTTP该备忘录的地位本文规定因特网社区的因特网标准路线协议以及讨论的请求和改善的建议。关于该协议的标准化状态及地位请参考当前版的“因特网官方协议标准”(STD)。发布该备忘录没有限制。版权声明因特网社区()版权所有(C)。保留所有权利。摘要超文本传输协议(HTTP)是分布式、协作的、超媒体信息系统的应用层协议。它是通用的无状态的协议可以用在超文本用途之外的许多任务如名称服务器和分布式目标管理系统通过扩展它的请求方法错误码和头部。HTTP的一个特性是数据表示的引入和协商允许系统建立独立的传输数据。HTTP已经首先于年被WWW全球信息使用。该规范定义的协议用“HTTP”表示是对RFC的更新。RFCHTTP年月Fielding等标准路线页目录超文本传输协议HTTP·······························································································该备忘录的地位·······················································································································版权声明···································································································································摘要··········································································································································目录··········································································································································序言······································································································································目的····························································································································要求····························································································································术语····························································································································全面操作··················································································································词法约定及通用语法·········································································································扩张BNF·················································································································基本规则··················································································································协议参数·····························································································································HTTP版本················································································································统一资源标识符······································································································通用语法·······································································································超广本传输协议URL··················································································URI比较········································································································日期时间格式·········································································································完整日期·······································································································变化秒数·······································································································字符集······················································································································缺省字符集···································································································内容编码··················································································································传输编码··················································································································大块传输编码·······························································································媒体类型··················································································································官方化和文本缺省值···················································································多体类型·······································································································产品记号··················································································································质量值······················································································································语言标签················································································································实体标签················································································································范围单位················································································································HTTP消息···························································································································消息类型··················································································································消息头部··················································································································消息主体··················································································································消息长度··················································································································通用头部域··············································································································请求····································································································································RFCHTTP年月Fielding等标准路线页请求行······················································································································方法···············································································································请求URI·······································································································请求定位的资源······································································································请求头部域··············································································································响应····································································································································状态行······················································································································状态码和原因短语·······················································································响应头部域··············································································································实体····································································································································实体头部域··············································································································实体主体··················································································································类型···············································································································实体长度·······································································································连接····································································································································永久连接··················································································································目的···············································································································全面操作·······································································································协商····································································································管道····································································································代理服务器···································································································实践考虑·······································································································消息传输要求···········································································································永久连接和流控···························································································监视连接的错误状态消息···········································································使用(Continue)状态·········································································服务器提前关闭连接的客房端行为···························································方法定义·····························································································································安全和等效方法······································································································安全方法·······································································································等效方法·······································································································OPTIONS··················································································································GET···························································································································HEAD·······················································································································POST·························································································································PUT···························································································································DELETE···················································································································TRACE······················································································································CONNECT················································································································状态码定义·······················································································································信息类xx·····················································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·······透明协商················································································································HTTP缓存·························································································································正确缓存·····································································································警告·············································································································缓存控制机制·····························································································显式用户代理警告·····················································································规则和警告的例外·····················································································客户端控制行为·························································································截止模型················································································································服务器指定截止·························································································启发式截止·································································································年龄计算·····································································································截止计算···············································

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