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首页 【黑格尔:谁抽象地思维?(英文)】Who Thinks Abstractly

【黑格尔:谁抽象地思维?(英文)】Who Thinks Abstractly.doc

【黑格尔:谁抽象地思维?(英文)】Who Thinks Abs…

西山望海楼
2010-06-12 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《【黑格尔:谁抽象地思维?(英文)】Who Thinks Abstractlydoc》,可适用于人文社科领域

WhoThinksAbstractlyWritten:byHegelcSource:Kaufmann,WalterHegel:TextsandCommentaryPublished:GardenCity,NY:AnchorBooks,,ppThinkAbstractlySauvequipeut!Letthosewhocansavethemselves!EvennowIcanhearatraitor,boughtbytheenemy,exclaimthesewords,denouncingthisessaybecauseitwillplainlydealwithmetaphysicsFormetaphysicsisaword,nolessthanabstract,andalmostthinkingaswell,fromwhicheverybodymoreorlessrunsawayasfromamanwhohascaughttheplagueButtheintentionherereallyisnotsowicked,asifthemeaningofthinkingandofabstractweretobeexplainedhereThereisnothingthebeautifulworldfindsasintolerableasexplanationsI,too,finditterriblewhensomebodybeginstoexplain,forwhenworstcomestoworstIunderstandeverythingmyselfHeretheexplanationofthinkingandabstractwouldinanycasebeentirelysuperfluousforitisonlybecausethebeautifulworldknowswhatitmeanstobeabstractthatitrunsawayJustasonedoesnotdesirewhatonedoesnotknow,onealsocannothateitNorisitmyintenttotrycraftilytoreconcilethebeautifulworldwiththinkingorwiththeabstractasif,underthesemblanceofsmalltalk,thinkingandtheabstractweretobeputovertillintheendtheyhadfoundtheirwayintosocietyincognito,withouthavingarousedanydisgustevenasiftheyweretobeadoptedimperceptiblybysociety,or,astheSwabianssay,hereingezäunselt,beforetheauthorofthiscomplicationsuddenlyexposedthisstrangeguest,namelytheabstract,whomthewholepartyhadlongtreatedandrecognizedunderadifferenttitleasifhewereagoodoldacquaintanceSuchscenesofrecognitionwhicharemeanttoinstructtheworldagainstitswillhavetheinexcusablefaultthattheysimultaneouslyhumiliate,andthewirepullertrieswithhisartificetogainalittlefamebutthishumiliationandthisvanitydestroytheeffect,fortheypushawayagainaninstructiongainedatsuchapriceInanycase,suchaplanwouldberuinedfromthestart,foritwouldrequirethatthecrucialwordoftheriddleisnotspokenattheoutsetButthishasalreadyhappenedinthetitleIfthisessaytoyedwithsuchcraftiness,thesewordsshouldnothavebeenallowedtoenterrightinthebeginningbutlikethecabinetmemberinacomedy,theyshouldhavebeenrequiredtowalkaroundduringtheentireplayintheirovercoat,unbuttoningitonlyinthelastscene,disclosingtheflashingstarofwisdomTheunbuttoningofthemetaphysicalovercoatwouldbelesseffective,tobesure,thantheunbuttoningoftheminister's:itwouldbringtolightnomorethanacoupleofwords,andthebestpartofthejokeoughttobethatitisshownthatsocietyhaslongbeeninpossessionofthematteritselfsowhattheywouldgainintheendwouldbethemerename,whiletheminister'sstarsignifiessomethingrealabagofmoneyThateverybodypresentshouldknowwhatthinkingisandwhatisabstractispresupposedingoodsociety,andwecertainlyareingoodsocietyThequestionismerelywhothinksabstractlyTheintent,asalreadymentioned,isnottoreconcilesocietywiththesethings,toexpectittodealwithsomethingdifficult,toappealtoitsconsciencenotfrivolouslytoneglectsuchamatterthatbefitstherankandstatusofbeingsgiftedwithreasonRatheritismyintenttoreconcilethebeautifulworldwithitself,althoughitdoesnotseemtohaveabadconscienceaboutthisneglectstill,atleastdeepdown,ithasacertainrespectforabstractthinkingassomethingexalted,anditlookstheotherwaynotbecauseitseemstoolowlybutbecauseitappearstooexalted,notbecauseitseemstoomeanbutrathertoonoble,orconverselybecauseitseemsanEspèce,somethingspecialitseemssomethingthatdoesnotlendonedistinctioningeneralsociety,likenewclothes,butrathersomethingthatlikewretchedclothes,orrichonesiftheyaredecoratedwithpreciousstonesinancientmountsorembroiderythat,beiteversorich,haslongbecomequasiChineseexcludesonefromsocietyormakesoneridiculousinitWhothinksabstractlyTheuneducated,nottheeducatedGoodsocietydoesnotthinkabstractlybecauseitistooeasy,becauseitistoolowly(notreferringtotheexternalstatus)notfromanemptyaffectationofnobilitythatwouldplaceitselfabovethatofwhichitisnotcapable,butonaccountoftheinwardinferiorityofthematterTheprejudiceandrespectforabstractthinkingaresogreatthatsensitivenostrilswillbegintosmellsomesatireorironyatthispointbutsincetheyreadthemorningpapertheyknowthatthereisaprizetobehadforsatiresandthatIshouldthereforesoonerearnitbycompetingforitthangiveupherewithoutfurtheradoIhaveonlytoadduceexamplesformyproposition:everybodywillgrantthattheyconfirmitAmurdererisledtotheplaceofexecutionForthecommonpopulaceheisnothingbutamurdererLadiesperhapsremarkthatheisastrong,handsome,interestingmanThepopulacefindsthisremarkterrible:WhatAmurdererhandsomeHowcanonethinksowickedlyandcallamurdererhandsomenodoubt,youyourselvesaresomethingnotmuchbetter!Thisisthecorruptionofmoralsthatisprevalentintheupperclasses,apriestmayadd,knowingthebottomofthingsandhumanheartsOnewhoknowsmentracesthedevelopmentofthecriminal'smind:hefindsinhishistory,inhiseducation,abadfamilyrelationshipbetweenhisfatherandmother,sometremendousharshnessafterthishumanbeinghaddonesomeminorwrong,sohebecameembitteredagainstthesocialorderafirstreactiontothisthatineffectexpelledhimandhenceforthdidnotmakeitpossibleforhimtopreservehimselfexceptthroughcrimeTheremaybepeoplewhowillsaywhentheyhearsuchthings:hewantstoexcusethismurderer!AfterallIrememberhowinmyyouthIheardamayorlamentthatwritersofbooksweregoingtoofarandsoughttoextirpateChristianityandrighteousnessaltogethersomebodyhadwrittenadefenseofsuicideterrible,reallytooterrible!FurtherquestionsrevealedthatTheSufferingsofWertherbyGoethe,weremeantThisisabstractthinking:toseenothinginthemurdererexcepttheabstractfactthatheisamurderer,andtoannulallotherhumanessenceinhimwiththissimplequalityItisquitedifferentinrefined,sentimentalcirclesinLeipzigTheretheystrewedandboundflowersonthewheelandonthecriminalwhowastiedtoitButthisagainistheoppositeabstractionTheChristiansmayindeedtriflewithRosicrucianism,orrathercrossrosism,andwreatherosesaroundthecrossThecrossisthegallowsandwheelthathavelongbeenhallowedIthaslostitsonesidedsignificanceofbeingtheinstrumentofdishonorablepunishmentand,onthecontrary,suggeststhenotionofthehighestpainandthedeepestrejectiontogetherwiththemostjoyousraptureanddivinehonorThewheelinLeipzig,ontheotherhand,wreathedwithvioletsandpoppies,isareconciliationàlaKotzebue,akindofslovenlysociabilitybetweensentimentalityandbadnessInquiteadifferentmannerIonceheardacommonoldwomanwhoworkedinahospitalkilltheabstractionofthemurdererandbringhimtolifeforhonorTheseveredheadhadbeenplacedonthescaffold,andthesunwasshiningHowbeautifully,shesaid,thesunofGod'sgraceshinesonBinder'shead!Youarenotworthyofhavingthesunshineonyou,onesaystoarascalwithwhomoneisangryThiswomansawthatthemurderer'sheadwasstruckbythesunshineandthuswasstillworthyofitSheraiseditfromthepunishmentofthescaffoldintothesunnygraceofGod,andinsteadofaccomplishingthereconciliationwithvioletsandsentimentalvanity,sawhimacceptedingraceinthehighersunOldwoman,youreggsarerotten!themaidsaystothemarketwomanWhatshereplies,myeggsrottenYoumayberotten!YousaythataboutmyeggsYouDidnotliceeatyourfatheronthehighwaysDidn'tyourmotherrunawaywiththeFrench,anddidn'tyourgrandmotherdieinapublichospitalLethergetawholeshirtinsteadofthatflimsyscarfweknowwellwhereshegotthatscarfandherhats:ifitwerenotforthoseofficers,manywouldn'tbedeckedoutlikethatthesedays,andiftheirladyshipspaidmoreattentiontotheirhouseholds,manywouldbeinjailrightnowLethermendtheholesinherstockings!Inbrief,shedoesnotleaveonewholethreadonherShethinksabstractlyandsubsumestheotherwomanscarf,hat,shirt,etc,aswellasherfingersandotherpartsofher,andherfatherandwholefamily,toosolelyunderthecrimethatshehasfoundtheeggsrottenEverythingaboutheriscoloredthroughandthroughbytheserotteneggs,whilethoseofficersofwhichthemarketwomanspokeif,asonemayseriouslydoubt,thereisanythingtothatmayhavegottoseeverydifferentthingsTomovefromthemaidtoaservant,noservantisworseoffthanonewhoworksforamanoflowclassandlowincomeandheisbetteroffthenoblerhismasterisThecommonmanagainthinksmoreabstractly,hegiveshimselfnobleairsvisàvistheservantandrelateshimselftotheothermanmerelyastoaservantheclingstothisonepredicateTheservantisbestoffamongtheFrenchThenoblemanisfamiliarwithhisservant,theFrenchmanishisfriendWhentheyarealone,theservantdoesthetalking:seeDiderot'sJacquesetsonmaîtrethemasterdoesnothingbuttakesnuffandseewhattimeitisandletstheservanttakecareofeverythingelseThenoblemanknowsthattheservantisnotmerelyaservant,butalsoknowsthelatestcitynews,thegirls,andharborsgoodsuggestionsheaskshimaboutthesematters,andtheservantmaysaywhatheknowsaboutthesequestionsWithaFrenchmaster,theservantmaynotonlydothishemayalsobroachasubject,havehisownopinionsandinsistonthemandwhenthemasterwantssomething,itisnotdonewithanorderbuthehastoargueandconvincetheservantofhisopinionandaddagoodwordtomakesurethatthisopinionretainstheupperhandInthearmyweencounterthesamedifferenceAmongtheAustriansasoldiermaybebeaten,heiscanailleforwhateverhasthepassiverighttobebeateniscanailleThusthecommonsoldierisfortheofficerthisabstractumofabeatablesubjectwithwhomagentlemanwhohasauniformandportd'epéemusttroublehimselfandthatcoulddriveonetomakeapactwiththedevilNotebyWalterKaufman:InthenineteenthcenturyeditionofHegel'sWerke,thisarticle(Werdenktabstrakt)appearsinvolumeXVII,Rosenkranzdiscussesitbriefly(f)andsaysthatitshows"howmuchHegelenteredintotheBerlinmannerGlocknerreprintsitinhiseditionoftheWerkeinvolXX(),whichisentitled:VermischteSchriftenausderBerlinerZeitHeincludesitamong"fourfeuilletonsthatHegelwroteforlocalpapersduringthelateryearsofhisBerlinperiodButGlockneradmits:“Theexactplaceofpublicationisunfortunatelyunknowntome”Hoffmeister,whosecriticaleditionofHegel'sBerlinerSchriften:()ismuchmorecomprehensivethanGlockner's(pagesversus),doesnotincludethisarticleInafootnotehesaysthatitbelongstoHegel's“Jenaperiod()”Thisisanuncharacteristicslip:atthebeginningofHegelwenttoBamberg,intoNürnbergandinthefirstweeksof,beforeheleftJena,hecertainlylackedthetimeandpeaceofmindtowritethisarticleOfGlockner's"fourfeuilletons"Hoffmeisterretainsonlyone,andthatisreallyalettertoanewspaper,protestingtheirreviewofanewplayHoffmeistergivesnoreasonsfordatingthisarticlesomuchearlierthanRosenkranzandGlocknerdidPossibly,thedisparagingremarkaboutKotzebue(aGermanplaywright,)suggestsadatebeforeKotzebuewasstabbedtodeathbyaGermantheologystudentThatthepiecewaswritteninJenaseemsmostunlikely:itissoverydifferentfromthearticlesandthePhenomenologythatHegelwroteduringhisharassedandunhappyyearsinthatcityButHoffmeistercouldberightthatitwaswritteninor

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【黑格尔:谁抽象地思维?(英文)】Who Thinks Abstractly

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