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首页 《寄托蓝宝书_GRE词汇突破(升级完整版)+》◆免积分笔考蓝宝书

《寄托蓝宝书_GRE词汇突破(升级完整版)+》◆免积分笔考蓝宝书.doc

《寄托蓝宝书_GRE词汇突破(升级完整版)+》◆免积分笔考蓝宝书

lifeng85315
2010-06-09 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《《寄托蓝宝书_GRE词汇突破(升级完整版)+》◆免积分笔考蓝宝书doc》,可适用于外语资料领域

蓝宝GRE最新笔考词汇突破©寄托天下蓝宝GRE笔考词汇突破核心词汇Listabandonalignabacusn算盘(framewithballsforcalculating)(类)abacus·calculated=balance·weighted算盘·计算=天平·称量(工具及其作用)abacus·calculate=sextant·navigate算盘·计算=六分仪·航海(工具及其作用)abandonvt放弃(togiveupwithoutintenttoreturn)n放任放纵(类)abandon·inhibition=voluble·terseness放纵·压抑=罗嗦的·简洁(反义)abandon·inhibition=conscious·numbness放任·压抑=有意识的·麻木(反义)abandon·inhibition=tranquility·agitation放纵·压抑=冷静·激动(反义)abandon·inhibition=despair·hope放纵·压抑=绝望·希望(反义)(反)salvage◆abandon救助◆放弃(towithdrawone'ssupportorhelpfrom)(例)Heabandonedhimselftodespair他自暴自弃。abasev贬低降低地位、威望或尊严(tolowerinrank,prestige,oresteem)(类)abase·prestige=damp·ardor降低·声望=抑制·热情(动作及其相关对象)abase·status=shorten·length降低·地位=缩短·长度(动作及其相关对象)curtail·duration=abase·strength缩减·持续时间=降低·力量(动作及其相关对象)(记)abase(降低)→贬低(同)bemean,degrade,demean,humiliate(例)Amanwhobetraysafriendabaseshimself叛友者实为自贬身份。abashvt使不安使愧疚(todestroytheselfpossession沉着orselfconfidenceof)(类)unabashed·embarrassment=unheralded·announcement不知羞耻的·局促不安=未预告的·宣告(反义)【注:unabashed:notabashed意思是不知羞耻的。同undisguised,unapologetic,brazen,shameless,barefaced,blatant,brassy,brazenfaced,impudent,overbold,unblushing】(反)embolden◆abashfaze使大胆◆使不安使狼狈(同)confound,confuse,discomfit,disconcert,faze(记)bash联想:bath洗澡→在别人面前洗澡是令人害羞的abatev减轻减低(toreduceindegreeorintensity)(类)abate·tax=alleviate·distress减轻·税=减轻·压力(动作与其相关对象)abate·force=fade·loudness减轻·力量=减弱·声音(动作与其相关对象)abate·intensity=taper·width减轻·强度=逐渐变细·宽(动作与其相关对象)abate·degree=discount·price减轻·程度=减价·价格(动作与其相关对象)(反)intensify强化promote促进augment增加increaseinintensity剧烈增长(例)thestormabatedslowly暴风雨逐渐减弱。(同)lull,moderate,relent,slacken,subside,wane(记)ab(否定)ate(吃)联想:不吃是为了减轻体重。abbreviatev缩写缩短,(tomakebriefer)(类)abridge·word=abbreviate·letter删减·词语=简化·文字(动作及其相关对象)abbreviation·sentence=synopsis·narrative句子缩写·句子=叙述摘要·叙述(动作及其相关对象)abbreviation·sentence=abridgment·essay句子缩写·句子=文章删节·文章(动作及其相关对象)(反)extend扩增protract延长(同)abridge,curtail,cut,retrench,slash(例)toabbreviatetheDecembertoDec把December简写为Decabdicatev让位放弃(torelinquishformally)(类)abdicate·throne=recant·belief让位·王位=放弃信仰·信仰(动作及其相关对象)(反)abdicate◆constitute让位◆任命abdicate◆assume放弃◆采纳abdicate◆usurp让位◆篡位(记)abdic(说话命令)ate联想:不再命令→退位(同)discard,shed,slough,renounce,resignabdomenn腹下腹(stomachandbowels)aberrantadj异常的非常规的(deviatingfromtheusualornaturaltype)(类)aberrant·standard=digressive·topic异常的·标准=离题的·主题(反)aberrant◆normal异常的◆正常的(记)aberr(=error错误)ant→走向错误→越轨的(同)anomalous,atypical,deviant(例)arocketonanaberrantcourse逸出轨道的火箭abetv帮助、支持、怂恿(toassistorsupportintheachievementofapurpose)(类)abet·assistance=counsel·guidance协助·帮助=顾问·指导(同义)abet·encouragement=elucidate·clarity协助·鼓励=阐明·清晰(行为及其结果)(反)stymiefrustrateobstructthwartimpedeforestall(阻挠)(记)联想:因为一个赌所以要帮助(例)abettedthethiefinrobbingthebank怂恿盗贼抢劫银行abeyancen中止暂停搁置(temporaryinactivity)(反)abeyance◆continuance暂停◆继续abeyance◆fulfillment中止◆施行(同)doldrums,latency,quiescence,suspension(记)abey=obey遵守。联想:遵守停火(暂停)协议。(例)Thelawgointoabeyance这项法律停止生效。abhorvt憎恶痛恨(toregardwithextremerepugnance)(类)abhorrence·dislike=adoration·fondness厌恶·不喜欢=崇拜·爱(程度)(反)abhor◆greatlyadmire痛恨◆非常崇拜(记)abhor(恨,怕)参考:horrible可怕的(同)detest,execrate,loathe,contemn,disdainabidingadj永久的持久的(toremainstableorfixedinastate)(反)evanescentephemeral(短暂的)(同)enduring,firm,steadfast,steady(记)来自abide容忍联想:能忍的人能够持久地做一件事(例)anabidingloveofmusic对音乐持久的爱好anabidingfriendship永恒的友谊abjectadj卑微的精神不振的(castdowninspirit)(反)exultant(得意洋洋的)spirited(生气勃勃地)exciting(兴奋的)(记)abject(抛扔)→抛掉的→可怜的精神不振的参考:reject拒绝丢弃project投射(例)Hewasmadeabjectbysuffering他被痛苦折磨得无精打采。abjurev发誓放弃(renounceuponoath)(反)affirm肯定espouse支持embrace支持(干扰:insist)(记)abjure(发誓)→发誓不要参考:jury陪审团perjury伪证adjure恳请conjure恳求(例)Heabjuredtheerrorsofhisformerfaith他发誓放弃以前信念的错误。ablutionn洗澡洗礼(awashingofthebody,especiallyaspartofareligiousrite)(记)词根:lut(洗)参考:dilute稀释另类记忆:参看pollution联想:被污染所以要洗干净。abnegationv放弃自我牺牲(renunciationselfsacrifice)(反)abnegate◆reaffirm放弃◆重新肯定(记)neg(反对否认)→放弃参考:negative(消极的)renege(背信否认)abolitionn废除废除奴隶制(类)anarchist·government=abolitionist·slavery无政府主义者反政府=废奴主义者反奴隶制(反)abolition◆persistinslavery废除奴隶制◆坚持奴隶制(记)参考:abolish(废除)abolish◆establish废除◆建立abominatev憎恶(tohateorloatheintensely)(反)abominate◆esteem憎恶◆尊敬(同)abhor,detest,execrate,loathe(记)abomin(=词根:omen预兆)→不好的兆头→憎恶参考:ominous:预兆的恶兆的另类记忆:bomb(炸弹)联想:人们都很憎恶炸弹。aboriginalladj土著的,原来的n土著居民(记)ori(=起源升起)参考:origin起源oriental东方的abortiveadj早产的,流产的,失败的(failingtoaccomplishanintendedobjectivefruitless)(例)Wehadtoabandonourabortiveattempts我们不得不放弃我们失败的尝试。(记)AbortRetryFail?异常中断重试失败?计算机上经常出现的提示aboundvi多,大量存在,富于,充满(tobegreatinnumberoramount)aboveboardadj无欺诈的(freefromalltracesofdeceit)adv光明磊落地(forthrightstraight)(反)surreptitious◆barefacedaboveboard暗中的◆公然的无欺诈的chicanery◆aboveboardaction欺诈◆光明磊落abradev磨损(toruborwearawayespeciallybyfriction:erode)(类)abraded·friction=vaporized·heat磨损由于摩擦=蒸发由于加热(反)abrade◆augment磨损◆增加(同)corrade,erode,gall,graze,rub,ruffle,wearabreastadv并排地齐头并进的比肩的(uptoaparticularstandardorlevel)(例)keepsabreastofthelatesttrends与最新的潮流齐头并进。(记)abreast胸abridgev删减缩短压缩(toreducethelengthofawrittentextcondense)(反)condensed◆unabridged浓缩的◆未压缩的(反)amplify(扩大)extendinlengthprotract(延长)(记)参考:abbreviate缩写brief简报(例)Therightsofcitizensmustnotbeabridged公民权利不能擅予削减。abrogatev废除(法令等)取消(toabolishbyauthoritativeaction)(反)embrace支持uphold支持institute创立(记)ab(否定)rog(问)ate→不再值得过问→干脆取消参考:interrogate(审问)(例)Thiscustomwasabrogatedyearsago这一惯例多年前业已废除。abruptadj突然的,陡峭的,生硬的(unexpectedlysudden)(记)rupt折断参考:rupture破裂裂开bankrupt破产corruptv腐败堕落abscissionv切断(反)abscission◆processofgrafting切断◆嫁接abscondv潜逃(todepartsecretlyandhideoneself)(类)abscond·leave=(stealpilfer)·take潜逃·离开=偷·拿(偷偷与正常)abscond·depart=secrete·store=lurk·wait潜逃·离开=隐藏·储藏=埋伏·等待scheme·plot=follow·shadow=leave·abscond策划·阴谋=跟随·尾随=离开·潜逃(记)abs(离开)cond(隐藏)参考:recondite(深奥的)condiment(调味品)absentmindedadj心不在焉的茫然的absolutev绝对的无限制的(completetotallyunlimitedcertain)(类)inevitable·chance=absolute·variability不可避免不会偶然=绝对不会改变(反面特征)(反)absolute◆qualified绝对的◆有限制的absolvev赦免使无罪(tosetfreefromanobligationortheconsequencesofguilt)(类)exculpatory·absolve=motivational·stir=hortative·encourage辩解的·赦免=激发的·煽动=劝告的·鼓励(目的)(反)inculpate治罪indict起诉(记)absolve(解决)联想:问题解决→无罪赦免参考:solvent(可溶解的)(同)exempt,discharge,dispense,excuse,relieve(例)Theyagreetoabsolveusfromourobligation他们同意免除我们的责任。absorbvt吸收,吸引对光线吸收(不反射)(反)exude流出dissipate驱散reflect反射abstainv主动戒绝自我抑制(torefrainfromsomethingbyone'sownchoice)(类)mandatory·comply=forbidden·abstain强制的·服从=禁止的·戒除(前者要求后者)(记)ab(否定)stain(污点)联想:不要污点→主动戒绝坏毛病(例)abstainfromtraditionalpoliticalrhetoric避开不用传统的政治修辞abstemiousadj有节制的(restraintespeciallyintheconsumptionoffood)(类)reticent·talk=abstemious·gorge沉默寡言的很少谈论=节制的不贪吃(类)abstemious·indulge=austere·decorate有节制的不放纵=简朴的不修饰(反面特征)参考:timeworn·novelty=convolution·simplicity陈旧·新颖=复杂·简单(反义)【干扰:austere·decorate】(注意反面特征关系与反义关系的不同)(反)abstemious◆indulgent节制的◆放纵的abstractvt摘要提炼,抽象化心不在焉(反)abstract◆elaborate提炼◆使复杂abstraction◆attention心不在焉◆关注(记)abstract(往外拉)联想:摘出参考:tractor拖拉机retract撤回收回abstruseadj深奥的(difficulttocomprehendrecondite)(类)abstruse·comprehension=indiscernible·vision深奥的·理解=看不见的·显现(难以)(反)accessible(可了解的)patent(明显的)(记)abs(不)trus(进入推)→不能进入→深奥的参考:protrusion伸出intrusion侵扰truss(支架:起到支撑推一把的作用)(例)Yourstatementisabittooabstruse你的话很难理解。absurbadj荒谬的,荒唐可笑的(insaneloonypreposterous)(反)rational理性的sensible有判断力的abundantadj丰富的盛产富于(反)infrequent,rare,uncommoninadequate,scanty,scarceabusev辱骂毁谤(toattackinwordsrevile)滥用虐待(类)declamation·grandiloquence=diatribe·abuse雄辩·夸夸其谈=恶骂·辱骂(同义)【注】grandiloquence:apompousstyleinlanguagedeclaim:tospeakpompously(类)polemic·disputatious=invective·abusive好争论的·好争辩的=漫骂的·辱骂的(同义)diatribe·abuse=burlesque·mockery恶骂·辱骂=讽刺的嘲笑·嘲笑(同义)(例)verbalabuse污言秽语toabuseaprivilege滥用特权toabuseahorse虐待一匹马(记)ab(表否定)use(用)不怎么好好用→滥用abutv邻接,毗邻(lieadjacent)(类)contiguous·abut=simultaneous·coincide毗邻的·毗邻=同时发生的·同时发生(形动同义)(记)观察:a和b在字母表中毗邻u和t在字母表中也毗邻→邻接,毗邻abysmaladj深不可测的无底的(immeasurablyloworwretched)(类)stygian·dark=abysmal·low极黑的·黑=极深的·低的(程度)(记)来自:abyss(深渊)abyss(谐音:必死)联想:一个人跳入深渊必死。acarpousadj不结果实的(effete,nolongerfertile,wornout)(记)carpo前缀表示果实参考:carpodermis果皮accedev同意(concede)加入(条约)(tobecomeapartytoantreaty)(反)demur(反对)(记)cede(放弃割让)→放弃自己的意见→同意参考:concede让步recede后退academicadj学院的学术的理论的(记)参考:academician学会委员院士大学生acceleratev加速促进(tomovefaster:gainspeed)(类)accelerate·speed=prolong·duration加速·速度=延长·持续时间(动作及其相关对象)expedite·process=accelerate·pace促进·过程=加速·步调(动作及其相关对象)(反)accelerate◆retard促进◆阻碍(记)celer(速度)→加速参考:celerity(敏捷速度)accentuatev重读,强调(tostressoremphasizeintensify)(记)ac(加强)cent(=cant唱说)uate→重读参考:accent重音accessn通路(passage)入口vt接近accessibleadj易接近的可理解的(easytoapproachobtainable)(类)cache·hidden=summit·inaccessible隐藏处是隐藏的=顶点是难以达到的(正面特征)(反)abstruse◆accessiblepatent深奥的◆容易理解的明显的(记)来自access(通路入门)cess(走)参考:successprocessaccessoryadj附属的(additionalobjectusefulbutnotessentialthing)(反)accessory◆ofprimarilyimportance附属的◆主要的(记)刚入门(access)一般都要当下属。参考:process过程(例)accessoryofabicycle自行车的附件accidentaladj意外的偶然的(occurringunexpectedlyorbychance)(类)inventiveness·accidental=effect·casual创造发明·意外的=必然结果·偶然的(反面特征)【注】effect:somethingthatinevitablyfollowsanantecedent必然结果(反)safeguard·accident=hedge·loss安全装置·事故=篱笆·丢失(防止关系)intentional·accidental=arrogant·humble故意的·意外的=傲慢的·谦逊的(反义)(记)cid(落下)→意外的联想:苹果落下是意外的但牛顿从中发现必然的规律。参考:incident(事件事变)deciduous(每年落叶的)acclaimnv称赞欢呼(topraiseenthusiasticallyandoftenpublicly)(同)commendapplaudcomplimenthailkudizepraiserecommend(派)acclaimedadj受欢迎的acclimatevt使适应气候环境(toadapttoanewclimate,environment)(反)acclimate◆makeunfamiliarwith使适应◆使不熟悉(记)acclimate(气候)联想:适应气候、环境acclivityn向上的斜坡(anupwardslope,asofahill)accoladen推崇备至赞扬(anexpressionofpraise)(反)accolade◆cuttingremarkspeakillderogate称赞◆苛评挑毛病贬损accolade◆criticismexcoriatedisapprobation赞扬◆批评严厉的责难不赞成accolade◆reprobatereproofdenigration极力赞扬◆斥责谴责毁誉accolade◆swearworddenunciationcastigation极力赞扬◆咒骂谴责斥责(记)cola联想可乐可乐产品在全球得到赞誉(例)Theplayreceivedaccoladesfromthepress这部戏受到报纸的称赞。accommodatev提供方便(toprovidewithsomethingdesiredasahelpfulservice)(类)obliterate·remove=accommodate·supply删除·除去=提供方便·供给(同义)(记)参考:commodityn日用品商品(用来提供生活上的方便)accomodatingadj能够通融的乐于助人的accompanyvt陪伴,伴奏accomplicen同谋帮凶(oneassociatedwithanotherespeciallyinwrongdoing)accomplishvt完成,实现(tosucceedindoingbringtopass)(记)参考:accomplished娴熟的有造诣的:毫无疑问的不容置疑的accordvt使符合使一致(tocausetoconformoragreebringintoharmony)n一致(记)参考:inaccordwith和…一致accostvt问候致意(greet,hail,salute)大胆靠近(toapproachboldlyorinachallengingorsometimesadefensivemanner)(类)accost·approach=importune·request大胆靠近·接近=不断要求强求·要求(前者是后者的特殊方式)干扰:(bequest·give)(glorify·praise)(例)Wewereaccostedbyabeggarwhodemandedmoney我们大着胆子靠近一个要钱的乞丐。accountabilityn有责任有义务(记)来自account帐目说明accretv逐渐增长(tomakelargerorgreater,asbyincreasedgrowth)(类)accrete·growth=erode·destruction=inch·advance渐增是逐渐增长=腐蚀是逐渐破坏=缓慢移动是逐渐前进强调逐渐的过程(干扰:endure·tolerance同义)(反)accrete◆wearaway渐增◆销蚀accretion◆reductioninsubstancecausedbyerosion渐增◆因腐蚀减少accruevi自然增加,产生accumulatevi积聚堆积(togatherorpileupespeciallylittlebylittleamass)(反)dissipate◆accumulate消散浪费◆积累accurateadj正确的,精确的accusev谴责指责(tochargewithashortcomingoranerro)acerbicadj酸的涩的(acidintemper,mood,ortone)(反)acerbic◆sweet酸的◆甜的acerbity◆saccharin酸◆糖精(记)acer(谐音:涩)或者从形近词acid(酸的刻薄的)角度进行记忆acidulousadj微酸的尖酸刻薄的(slightlysourintasteorinmanner)(记)acid酸参考:acidity酸度酸性achromaticadj非彩色的,无色的(possessingnohue)(类)achromatic·hue=extraneous·essence=transitory·permanence无色的·色调=无关的·本质=短暂的·永久(记)a(表示无)chroma(色彩)→无色的acknowledgevt承认(toadmittheexistence,reality,ortruthof)acmen.顶点极点(thehighestpointorstage)(类)acme·mountain=crest·wave山顶·山=浪尖·海浪(事物及其顶点)acme·surpass=impossible·execute顶点无法超越=不可能的无法执行(同)apex,apogeeclimax,peak,pinnacle,summitzenithacolyten侍僧,助手(记)谐音“爱客来的”联想:爱客人来的助手accornn橡树果,橡子acousticadj有关声音的,声学的acquaintvt使熟知通知(tomakefamiliar:causetoknowfirsthand)(记)参考:acquaintance认识熟人acquiescev勉强同意默许(toaccepttacitlyorpassively)(类)intransigent·acquiesce=deferential·offend不妥协的·默许=恭敬的·冒犯(反面特征)(反)resist抵制defy抗拒(记)acquiesce(=quiet安静)联想:保持沉默→默许(同)assent,accede,agree,consent(例)Weacquiescedintheirplan我们只得默认他们的计划。acquisitionn获得(theactofacquiring)(反)divestiture◆acquisition剥夺◆获得【注:divest:vtodepriveordispossessespeciallyofproperty,authority,ortitle】(记)来自acquire获得得到。参考:acquired后天努力得到的acquisitive渴望获得的贪婪的acren英亩(类)ream·paper=acre·land纸的单位·纸=亩·土地acquitvt宣告无罪(tofreeorclearfromachargeoraccusation)acridadj辛辣的刺鼻的(sharpandharshintasteorodor)(类)acrid·odor=gratingpiercing·sound刺激的·味道=刺耳的·声音(形修饰名)acrid·gentleness=forthright·guile辛辣的·温和的=直率的·狡诈(反面特征)(反)acrid◆gentle辛辣的◆温和的acrimoniousadj刻薄的(causticespeciallyinfeeling,language,ormanner)(反)acrimonious◆harmonious刻薄的◆和谐融洽的(记)acri(尖酸)→刻薄的(例)Histendencytoutteracrimoniousremarksalienatedhisaudience说话刻薄的习惯使他疏远了听众。acrobatn杂技演员,随机应变者(记)acro高bat走→高空行走(如阿迪江)→杂技演员参考:acrophobia恐高症acronym首字母缩写词actuatevt促使(记)act行为uate→使有作为→促使参考:activate刺激使活泼acuityn锐利视力或观察力敏锐敏捷(acutenessofvisionorperceptionkeenness)acumenn敏锐聪明(keennessanddepthofperception)(类)alacrity·prompt=acumen·shrewd敏捷·快速=敏锐·干练(同义)(反)acumen◆unabletodiscerning敏锐◆不能辨别的(记)acu(尖)men→敏锐参考:acupuncture针灸(例)Hisbusinessacumenhelpedhimtosucceedwhereothershadfailed他在商业上的敏锐帮他在其他人失败的地方获得成功。acuteadj敏锐的锐角的(医)急性的(havingasuddenonset发作,sharprise,andshortcourse)(类)perspicacity·acute=caprice·whimsical敏锐·敏锐的=反复无常·多变的(名形同义)(反)acute◆mild急性的◆温和的(例)acutedisease急性病adagen谚语(asayingofteninmetaphoricalformthatembodiesacommonobservation)(同)saying,word,proverb,saw谚语,byword格言谚语笑柄(记)adage(时代)联想:谚语在不同时代都禁得起检验。易混淆:badge徽章adamantadj坚硬的固执的不动摇的(unshakableespeciallyinopposite)(类)adamant·flexibility=refractory·control坚固不柔软=难以操作的不可控制impossible·execute=adamant·move不可能的不可操作=顽固的不改变路线(反)vacillatory动摇inclinetoyield容易妥协的(记)adam大坝ant一个大坝上的蚂蚁如果不够固执和坚强千里之堤如何毁于蚁穴呢?(例)Hewasadamantinhisdeterminationtopunishthecorruptofficials他下了决心坚决惩治那些贪官污吏。adaptvt修改使适应(tobringintocorrespondenceormakesuitable)(反)adapt修改◆remainunchanged保持不变的(例)aspeciesthathasadaptedwelltowinterclimes很适应冬天气候的物种(记)adapt(灵巧的适当的本身就是一个词啊)addendumn附录补遗(asupplementtoabook)(类)addendum·document=postscript·letter附录附属于文件=附言附属于信件(记)由add而来参考另外一词:append附加添加addictv沉溺上瘾(todevote(oneself)tosomethinghabitually)(类)disabuse·error=rehabilitate·addiction打消错误念头·错误=回到从前状态·上瘾(动作与其相关对象)inured·tolerance=addicted·dependency习惯的容易忍受=上瘾的容易依赖(记)addict(要求)→不断要求→上瘾参考:dictator独裁者additionn加增加物(例)Ourbabybrotherisanadditiontoourfamily新出生的弟弟使我们家多了一口人。(记)inaddition(alsoaswellas也另外加之)inadditionto(overandabovebesides加于…之上除…之外又)additive:adj附加的n添加剂addressv致词(todeliveraformalspeechto)对付处理着手解决(todealwith)(例)Headdressedhimselftotheproblem他忙于处理问题。adherev依附粘着(toholdfastorstickbygluingorgrasping)(反)adhere◆detach依附◆分离adherent◆forerunner追随者◆先行者adjacentadj邻近的接近的毗邻的(closetolyingnear)adjournvi延期休会(tosuspendasessionindefinitelyortoanothertimeorplace)(类)convoke◆adjourn召集召开会议◆休会中止(记)adjourn(=journey旅行)→因为旅行停止开会。参考:journal刊物journalism新闻学(例)ThemeetingwillbeadjournedtillnextWednesday会议暂停,下星期三继续举行。adjudicatev判决,宣判,裁决(记)来自judge法官参考:judicious明智的prejudice偏见成见adjunctn附属物附件(somethingaddedtoanotherthingbutnotessentiallyapartofit)(类)adjunct◆essentialelement附属部分◆基本部分(记)ad(增加)junct(结合连接)联想:加上连接→附属物参考:conjunct结合的共同的adjurevt恳请(以起誓或诅咒等形式)命令(记)参考:perjury伪证abjure发誓放弃conjure恳求adjustvt调整使适合adjutantn副官助手adlibadj即兴的(spoken,composed,orperformedwithoutpreparation)(类)adlib·impromptu=side·divergent即兴的·即兴的=偏向一侧的·偏离的(同义)administrationn管理,行政部门admissionn许可入场录取(theactorprocessofadmitting)(记)参考:admit允许admissible可容纳的可允许的admonishv告诫责备(toreproveorexpresswarninginagentle,earnestmanner)(类)peccadillo·sin小罪·罪(小和正常)不确定:admonishment·castigation=告诫·苛责(程度)admonish·denounce=punish·pillory告诫·公开责备=惩罚·示众(一般公开关系)pretense·deceive=admonition·reprove伪装是一种欺骗=告诫是一种责备alibi·exculpate=warning·admonish用托词的方式来辩解=用警告的方式来告诫(记)参考:monitor班长监视器(负责监督)(同)reprove,chide,monishrebuke,reprimand,reproach(例)Headmonishedthosefranticfootballfanstochangetheirwickedways他告诫那些疯狂的足球迷们改变那种捣蛋的做法。adobeEdEubin砖坯,土坯(记)美国Adobe公司,是著名图形软件photoshop等的生产商区别:abode住所adolescentadj青春期的n青少年adoptvt收养采用(记)adopt选择→采用参考:option选择adorevt崇拜热爱非常喜欢(toregardwithlovingadmirationanddevotion)(类)adoration·affection=abhorrence·dislike=fascination·interest崇拜·好感=痛恨·讨厌=强烈爱好·爱好(程度)adulate·fawn=woolove·adore谄媚

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