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首页 MLA Bibliographic Style Manual.pdf

MLA Bibliographic Style Manual.pdf

MLA Bibliographic Style Manual.…

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简介:本文档为《MLA Bibliographic Style Manualpdf》,可适用于人文社科领域,主题内容包含AvonGroveHighSchoolMLABibliographicStyleManualCompliedbyCharleenForbaMayer符等。

AvonGroveHighSchoolMLABibliographicStyleManualCompliedbyCharleenForbaMayer(consultedBud’sResearchGuideEphrataHighSchoolBibliographicManual)TABLEOFCONTENTSGeneralRulesBasicEntryRulesforAuthor’sNameRulesforPlaceofPublicationRulesforPublisherRulesforaTitle–SampleMLAWorksCited:Books,Anthologies,andReferenceBooksPrintPeriodicalsInterviewsTelevisionandRadioBroadcastsElectronicResourcesExamplesofPOWERLibraryCitations–BasicWebPageOtherElectronicSourcesEmailOnlineImages,Sounds,VideoClipsOnlineMapsCartoonsParentheticalCitations–“Howshouldmypaperappear”Samples:FrontPageWorksCitedPageBibliographicCitationsforBooks,Pamphlets,andReferenceBooksGeneralRules:ThelistbelowidentifiesthepossiblecomponentsofabookentryandtheorderinwhichtheyarenormallyarrangedAuthor’snameorcorporateauthororeditor’snameTitleofapartofthebookforanthologies,collectionsofessays,orsomereferencebooks(“inquotationmarks”)–(ifany)Titleofbook(underlined)Nameoftheeditor,translator,orcompiler(ifany)Editionused(ifany)Number(s)ofthevolume(s)used(ifany)Nameoftheseries(donotunderline)–(ifany)Placeofpublication:nameofthepublisher,andthemostrecentdateofpublicationPagenumbers(ifonlyaspecificsectionofabookisused)BasicEntry:Author’sLastName,FirstNameTitleofBookCityofPublication:PublishingCompany,CopyrightDateRulesforAuthor’sName:Ingeneral,omittitles,affiliations,anddegreesthatprecedeorfollownameseg,PhD,Reverend,Sir,etcSuffixesthatareanessentialpartofaname(JrorIV)appearafterthegivennameie,Rockefeller,DavidD,IVRulesforPlaceofPublication:UsethefirstcitylistedIncludethestatepostalabbreviation(ie,PA)forrelativelyunknownorsmallcitiesRulesforPublisher:Omitarticles(a,an,the),businessabbreviations(Co,Corp,Inc,Ltd)anddescriptivewords(Books,House,Press,Publishers)Usestandardabbreviationswheneverpossible(Acad,Assn,Soc)Ifthepublisher’snameincludesthenameofaperson,useonlythelastname(JohnWiley=Wiley)Ifmorethanonepublishingcompanyislisted,usethefirstoneRulesforaTitle:Capitalizethefirstword,thelastword,andallimportantwordsofalltitlesandsubtitlesImportantwordsarenouns,pronouns,verbs,adjectives,adverbs,andsubordinatingconjunctions(eg,although,because,before,if,since,unless,when,etc)TypesofwordsthatDONOThavetobecapitalizedwithintitlesincludearticles(a,an,the),prepositions(eg,against,between,in,of,to,etc),andcoordinatingconjunctions(eg,and,but,ornor,for,so,yet)Separatethetitlefromthesubtitlewithacolon,unlessthemaintitleendsinaquestionmark,anexclamationpoint,oradashUnderlineoritalicizetitlesofworkspublishedindependentlysuchasbooks,audiovisuals,periodicals,andwebsitesUsequotationmarksforthetitlesofworkspublishedwithinlargerworksSuchtitlesincludethenamesofarticles(inencyclopedias,magazines,newspapers,etc),essays,shortstories,shortpoems,songs,chaptersofbooks,episodesoftelevisionshows,andwebpagesWhencitingbooks,usetheexacttitleaswrittenonthetitlepageDonotusethetitleinformationonthebookcoverorspinePunctuationRule:Commasandperiodsgoinsideclosingquotationmarks,ALWAYSSAMPLEMLAWORKSCITEDNote:AllcitationsshouldbedoublespacedTheyaresinglespacedonthishandouttosavespaceBOOKS,ANTHOLOGIES,ANDREFERENCEBOOKSBasicentryAuthor’sLastName,FirstNameTitleofBookCityofPublication:PublishingCompany,CopyrightDateOneauthorConnelly,MichaelCityofBonesBoston:LittleBrown,Oneauthor(Bookinaseries)Craats,RennayHistoryofthesthCenturyUSAMankato,MN:Weigl,TwoauthorsBlauer,Ettagale,andJasonLaurePortugalNewYork:Children’sPress,Twoauthorswithsamelastname,noplaceofpublicationDeCourcy,Peter,andJudithDeCourcyASilentTragedyNp:Knopf,Threeauthors,editionWhitten,JeffreyL,LonnieDBentley,andVictorMBarlowSystemsAnalysisandDesignMethodsndedHomewood,IL:Irwin,Morethanthreeauthors,editionStewart,MarieM,etalBusinessEnglishandCommunicationthedNewYork:GreggDivisionMcGrawHill,Moreormorebooksbyoneauthor(usethreehyphensinsteadofnameforsecondormorebooks)Wittlinger,EllenHardLoveNewYork:SimonSchuster,What’sinaNameNewYork:SimonSchuster,Noauthor,seriesSpaininPicturesVisualGeographySerMinneapolis:Lerner,OneeditorLayman,Richard,edAmericanDecades:NewYork:GaleResearch,Twoeditors,seriesWilliams,MaryE,andTamaraLRoleff,edsTobaccoandSmoking:OpposingViewpointsOpposingViewpointsSerSanDiego:Greenhaven,Authorandeditor,revisededitionRobertson,JohnATheRightsoftheCriticallyIllEdNormanDorsenRevedToronto:Bantam,AbookbyacorporateauthorAmericanLibraryAssociationALAHandbookofOrganizationandMembershipDirectoryChicago:AmericanLibraryAssociation,Ananonymousbook(beginwithandalphabetizebytitleinthiscase,use“N”):TheNewWorldAtlasNewYork:Viking,AWorkinananthologyorcollection–singlevolume(citetheworkandtheanthology)Kafka,Franz“TheMetamorphosis”ACollectionofTwentiethCenturyLiteraturendedEdRobertSmithNewYork:LytleCo,AWorkinananthologyorcollection–multiplevolume(citethework,theanthologyandthevolume)Summers,Montague“TheVampireinLiterature”TheVampire:HisKithandKinInJamesPDraper,edWorldLiteratureCriticismvolsDetroit:GaleResearch,:UnitedStatesGovernmentPublicationUnitedStatesDepartmentofTransportationDetectingReportingSuspectedUnapprovedPartsWashington:GPO,Dissertation–UnpublishedHughey,AnnieCatherine"TheTreatmentoftheNegroinSouthCarolinaFiction"ThesisUofSouthCarolina,Dissertation–PublishedbyUniversityMicrofilmsLavely,MarciaMarvinAStudyofAmericanLiteraturewhichIncorporatestheUseoftheGullahDialect(SeaIslands)DissUofMississippi,AnnArbor:UMI,Poems,Essays,ShortStories,PlaysinAnthologiesPoe,EdgarAllan“TheRaven”GreatAmericanPoetryEdRichardJohnsonNewYork:McGraw,Articleinareferencebook–signedNorihiko,Fukuta“Rain”TheWorldBookEncyclopediaedArticleinareferencebook–unsigned“Chavez,Cesar”TheWorldBookEncyclopediaedDictionaries"BoutiqueHotel"TheTravelDictionaryNewedDictionaryofAmericanBiographyarticleAllen,Hervey"Poe,EdgarAllan"DictionaryofAmericanBiographyEdDumasMaloneNewYork:Scribner's,CurrentBiographyArticle"Hillerman,Tony"CurrentBiographyYearbookedEdJudithGrahamNewYork:HWWilson,CartoonsArrangethegeneralinformationasspecifiedbelow:Cartoonist“Titleofcartoon,ifany(inquotationmarks)”DescriptivelabelCartoonConcludewiththeusualpublicationinformationforthesourceBooth,GeorgeCartoonNewYorkerApr:PRINTPERIODICALS:Periodicalcitedworksshouldinclude:Author’sname(ifgiven)Titleofarticle(“inquotationmarks”)Nameoftheperiodical(underlined)–Donotinclude“The”inthetitleoftheperiodicalSeriesnumberorname(donotunderline)Volumenumber(scholarlyjournalonly)Yearofpublication(scholarlyjournalonly–inparentheses)ordateofpublication(writtenday–month–year–ieNov)Pagenumbers(Ifthepagesarenotconsecutiveintheperiodical,writethestartingpagenumberfollowedbytheplussignExampleNewsweekMar:Signednewspaperarticle(includesectionwithpage):McRorie,JessicaM“ContractUpdateintheMail”DailyLocalNewsWestChester,PAAug:AUnsignednewspaperarticle(includesectionwithpage):"DeathofaWriter"EditorialNewYorkTimesApr,lateed:AArticlefromaweeklymagazine:Noonan,David“YouWantStatinsWithThat”NewsweekJuly:Articlefromamonthlymagazine:Luoma,JonR“CatchtheFire!”DiscoverAug:Articlefromascholarlyjournal(paginationrunscontinuouslythroughouttheyear)Brown,Sterling"Arcadia,SouthCarolina"Opportunity:AJournalofNegroLife():INTERVIEWS:Tociteaninterviewthatyouconducted,givethenameofthepersoninterviewed,thekindofinterview(personal,telephone),andthedateIfyouwatchedatelevisioninterview,followtheBarbaraWaltersexamplebelowSmith,BettyPersonalinterviewSeptWalters,BarbaraInterviewwithAnneHecheABCWPVI,PhiladelphiaSeptTELEVISIONANDRADIOBROADCASTS:Format:"TitleofEpisodeorSegment"Credit(Performerorauthor)TitleofProgramNameofNetworkCallletters(ifany),CityofLocalStation(ifany)BroadcastDate"DebateonWelfareReform"FacetheNationCBSAug"Hurricane"RagingPlanetDiscoveryChannelMar"NamibianFestivalCommemoratesWarwithGermans"NarrDanielZwerdlingAllThingsConsideredNatlPublicRadioKERA,DallasSepCITINGELECTRONICSOURCES:Articlefromanonlinemagazine(onlyexistsonline)Weinberger,David"SwiftKick"DarwinAugAug<http:wwwdarwinmagcomreadswiftkick>Articlefromanonlinescholarlyjournal(existsonlineandinprint)Shammas,Carole"ANewLookatLongTermTrendsinWealthInequalityintheUnitedStates"TheAmericanHistoricalReview,ppNov<http:wwwjstororg>Articlefromanonlineencyclopedia"StockMarketCrashof"BritannicaOnlineVersApril,EncyclopediaBritannicaRetrievedAug<http:wwwebcom:cgibingDocF=microhtml>ExamplesofPOWERLibraryCitationsBasicCitation:Author'sname(ifgiven)Titleofarticleormaterial(“inquotationmarks”)Nameoftheperiodical(underlined)DateofpublicationNumberrangeforpages(ifgiven)Nameofsubscriptiondatabase(underlined)NameandlocationoflibraryDateofaccess<ElectronicaddressesorURLofdatabasehomepage>(ifknown)(<inanglebrackets>)EBSCOHostDatabases"WinnersLossers"BondBuyerJulyBusinessSourceEliteAvonGroveHighSchoolLib,WestGrove,PAAug<http:wwwepnetcom>SIRSDiscovererKean,Carol"What’sUpwiththeDowJones"Kids’WallStreetNewsJulyAug:SIRSDiscovererAvonGroveHighSchoolLib,WestGrove,PAAug<http:skssirscom>SearchasaurusKrantz,Matt“SmallCapsLeaveOthersintheirDust”USATodayAug:BSearchasaurusMidldleSearchPlusAvonGroveHighSchoolLib,Aug<http:webepnetcom>TheNewGroveDictionaryofMusicMusiciansOnlineFormat:Author:'Article',TheNewGroveDictionaryofMusicOnlineedLMacy(AccessedDayMonthYearofaccess),<http:wwwgrovemusiccom>OWNeighbour:'Schoenberg,Arnold',TheNewGroveDictionaryofMusicOnlineedLMacy(AccessedOct),<http:wwwgrovemusiccom>TheGroveDictionaryofArtOnlineFormat:Author:'Article',TheGroveDictionaryofArtOnline,edLMacy(AccessedDayMonthYearofAccess)<http:wwwgroveartcom>MRosenthal:'Gainsborough,Thomas',TheGroveDictionaryofArtOnline,edLMacy(AccessedOct),<http:wwwgroveartcom>BigchalkLibraryCoker,Margaret“FieryEndDrawingNearforRussia’sObstinateMir”ThePalmBeachPostMar,AbigchalkLibraryAvonGroveHighSchoolLib,WestGrove,PASept<http:wwwbigchalkcom>AssociatedPressDigitalArchivePhotographer(ifgiven)Titleofworkorshortdescription(underlined)DatephotographwastakenDatabase(underlined)NameandlocationoflibraryDateofaccessElectronicaddress(<URLofdatabasehomepageifknown,inanglebrackets>)"ChinaUSWu:HarryWe"AugAPDigitalArchiveAvonGroveHighSchoolLib,WestGrove,PAJan<http:accuweatheraporg>Kraychyk,George"GoldenGlobes:DenzelWashington"DecAPDigitalArchiveAvonGroveHighSchool,Lib,WestGrove,PAFeb<http:accuweatheraporg>ElectricLibraryElementaryEagan,Jack“WatchingfortheNextBigCrash”USNewsWorldReportOctElectricLibraryElementaryAvonGroveHighSchoolLib,WestGrove,PAMay<wwwelibrarycom>ContemporaryAuthors"SaulBellow"ContemporaryAuthorsGaleGroupDatabasesAvonGroveHighSchoolLib,WestGrove,PAAug<http:wwwinfotracgalegroupcom>PoemFinderRothPublishingEditorialBoard"PoemExplanation:“MendingWall"byRobertFrost"PoemFinderontheWebRothPublishing,IncMay<http:wwwpoemfindercom>FullTextJournalArticlesfromOtherOnlineDatabasesFormat:Author'sLastName,FirstName"ArticleTitle”TitleofSourcePublicationDateofSourcePublication,Edition:VolumeIssuePageDatabaseOnlineDateofAccessArmes,Roy"JeanRenoir"GrolierMultimediaEncyclopediaparsGrolierMultimediaEncyclopediaOnlineNovArticleinanelectronicmagazineAdler,Jerry"GhostofEverest"NewsweekMayOct<http:newsweekcomnwsrvissueaprintedintsocusohtm>ArticlefromanonlinenewspaperWren,Christopher"ABodyonMtEverest,aMysteryHalfSolved"NewYorkTimesontheWebMayMay<http:searchnytimescomsearchdailybinfastwebgetdocsitesitewAAAaEbodyEonEmtEeverest>OnlinebookwithinascholarlyprojectFrost,RobertNorthofBostonProjectBartlebyEdStevenvanLeeuwenJulyColumbiaUOctober<http:wwwbartlebycomindexhtml>ProfessionalorPersonalsiteResearchstrategy:atutorialCornellUniversityLibrarySept<http:campusgwlibrarycornelleducgibinmanntomcgisection=helpURL=newhelpnewhelphtml>Liu,AlanTheVoiceoftheShuttle:MinorityStudiesPageOctEnglishDepartment,UofCalifornia,SantaBarbaraNov<http:vosucsbedushuttleminorityhtml>Lancashire,IanHomepageMay<http:wwwchassutorontocaianindexhtml>BasicWebPageFormat:Authorofinformation“TitleofWebpage(orportionofWebsite)”TitleofWebSiteCopyrightdateofWebsiteordateoflastupdateSponsoringcompany,organization,orproducerDateofaccess<addressofWebpageused>“BiologyGuide”HighSchoolHubSchmidelWojcikAug<http:highschoolhuborghubbiologycfm>Nordenberg,Tamar“WeightLoss”DiscoveryHealth:DietFadsDiscoveryCommunicationsIncAug<http:healthdiscoverycomutilitiesaboutvisitoragreementhtml>Email(Electronicmail)Format:Sender'sName"Title"(fromSubjectline)EmailtotheauthorDateofmessageMarySmith“StockMarketBlues”EmailtotheauthorAugOnlinePoemNesbit,EdithBalladsandLyricsofSocialismLondon,VictorianWomenWritersProjectEdPerryWillettAprIndianaUAug<http:wwwindianaedu~letrsvwwpnesbitballsochtml>EncyclopediaArticle(CDROM)Format:Author(ifgiven)"TitleofMaterialAccessed"Dateofmaterial(ifgiven)TitleofEncyclopediaEdition,release,orversion(ifrelevant)CDROMNameofvendor(ifrelevant)Electronicpublicationdate"GeneticEngineering"Compton'sInteractiveEncyclopediaVersionCDROMCompton'sNewMedia,Inc,OnlineImage(includedateofcreation,ifknown,anddateofdownload)Evans,RobertPennyPictureDisplayMuseumofModernArt,NewYorkJune<http:wwwmomaorgcollectionphotographypagesevanspennyhtml>OnlineSoundorVideoClip(includedaterecordedanddownloaded)Nader,RalphInterviewwithRaySuarezTalkoftheNationNationalPublicRadioAprJuly<http:wwwnprorgramfilestotnoram>OnlineMapsDelaware,OhiomapScaleundeterminedgeneratedbyDebPeoplesusing“MapQuestcom,Inc”Feb<http:wwwmapquestcommapsmapadpcountry=USaddress=city=state=zipcode=homesubmitx=homesubmity=>OnlineCartoonsLowe,ChanCartoonUSATodayOnlineAugAug<http:wwwusatodaycomnewsopinioncartoonshtm>PARENTHETICALCITATIONSEachcitationmustincludethelastnameoftheauthorandthespecificpagenumberwherethecitedmaterialmaybefoundThecitationisplacedinparentheses,anditcomesbeforetheendpunctuationofthesentenceandafterthequotationmarks(inthecaseofaquote)Thereisaspacebetweentheauthor'snameandthepagenumbers,butnopunctuationThecitationshouldincludeonlytheinformationnecessarytoenablethereadertoidentifythesourceusedaslistedintheworkscitedIfyoursourcedoesnothavepagenumbers,omitthenumbersfromyourparentheticalreferenceIfyousourcehasparagraphnumbersinsteadofpagenumberscitethesourcelike(Smith,pars)UsethefollowingexamplesasaguideforwritingparentheticalcitationsInacitation,indicateonlythepageonwhichthenoteisfoundDonotincludeallofthepagesyouhaveused,onlyincludethepageonwhichthedataorinformationisfoundBooks,Magazines,andJournals–SingleAuthor(insertthelastnameoftheauthorinthecitationattheendoriftheauthor’snameappearsinthetext,insertthepagenumberattheend)Thisideahasbeenpresentedtoallmembersoftheorganization(Smith)Smithhaspresentedthisideatoallmembersoftheorganization()Books,Magazines,andJournals–MultipleAuthors(insertallauthors’lastnameattheendofthecitationoriftheauthors’lastnamesappearinthetext,insertthepagenumberattheend)Recyclin

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