下载

0下载券

加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 2013年中考英语单项选择题易错题318例附详解

2013年中考英语单项选择题易错题318例附详解.doc

2013年中考英语单项选择题易错题318例附详解

Miranda新玲
2019-02-20 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《2013年中考英语单项选择题易错题318例附详解doc》,可适用于初中教育领域

年中考英语单项选择题易错题、押题例(附详解)HeneverofvisitingtheGreatWallAtiringBtireCtiresDtiredC,动词的第三人称单数tireof厌倦厌烦MostSundayswegotohelpUncleWang星期天加S是表示泛起所有星期天这是也是固定用语翻译:大多数星期天的早上我们都要去帮助王叔叔AmorningBmorningsCthemorningDofmorningsHelookedhalfdead,hiseyes(“紧闭双眼”,AclosedtightBclosingtightCclosedtightlyDshuttightly根据应该用副词tightly,先排除前两项D在语法上没错,但习惯用法是closeone'seyes而不是shutone'seyes)Thefoodgoodandwell(“tastegood”和“sellwell”都不需要用被Atastes,sellsBistasted,issoldCtaste,sellDsmell,sold动语态Therewillbevisionphonestheendofthiscentury(“在本世纪结束之前”AbyBatCforDonB在语法上也可以,但意思不太准确,因为一定是在“本世纪最后”)Ihavesomeinworkingouttheproblemhavesomedifficultyindoingsth做某事有困难。关键不在于B和C的不同,而在于单词difficulty是既可数亦不可数。一般习惯用法是以单数形容“难题”,即difficulty。至于你的提问,没错difficulties和troubles有很相近的意思。如果考题给的答案是C,那是错的。AdifficultyBdifficultiesCtroublesDdifficultThereisawirepolealongtheroadmeter每隔米。Deveryfiftymeters才对,每米CD均不能与单数meter搭配A则没有争议答案为BAaboutfiftyBeveryfiftiethCeachfiftyDeverySouthernersrice填Live更好吧。feedonv动物以…为食,以…为能源Owlsfeedonmiceandothersmallanimalsliveon人以…为食靠odoTheartisttriedhisbesttopaintwhathesawwithhisaswellaswithhiseyesAbrainBmindCheadDsoulyoumaygooutyourhomeworkisdoneAexceptBunlessCuntilDas你可以出去走一走散散步了,因为(既然)你的工作已经完成。as表原因,既然的意思A除了B如果不C直到,与not连用WhyisMarryunhappyEveryonewenttothedancesheAwithoutBbesidesCexceptDbutOnmywayhome,IsawathiefmoneyfromaladybythepoliceAbeingcaughtstealingBhavingcaughtstalingCcaughtstealingDbecaughtstealingofyoucomesinfirstwillreceiveaprizeANomatterwhichBwhicheverCwhateverDwhomever因为whoever=nomatterwhowhichever=nomatterwhichwhatever=nomatterwhat所以你把他替换带进去看就明白了,没有whoofyou的说法,只有whichofyou的说法。因此选Cwhicheverofyou指代你们当中的任意一个人,which具有选择的意味isnoneedtosayanythingtotheotherworkeraboutthatmatterAItBThereCWhetherthereDWhatMary,don'tfilltheformpencilbutinkAwith,inBin,withCwith,withDin,inWhatwouldhappentheynotrisetomorrowAshouldBhadCwouldDifIfthesetrousersaretooshort,buyasomewhatbiggerAsetBoneConesDpairWhatdoyouthinkofthesongsInfact,ofthemsoundsbeautifulAnotallBnooneCnoteveryoneDnoteveryone=nonenotoneofthem可以是部分否定也可是全部否定HeshowedverylittleconsiderationthefeelingsofothersAtoBforConDby,itiseasytodrillaholeinitwithlaseras引导让步状语从句时,通常后面做表语的名词或形容词要放在as前倒装AHardasisthediamondBHardisasthediamondCHardasthediamondisDAsthediamondishardHenryfeltthatitwastimeforhimtostartbusinessofhisown,soheleftbankA,a,theBa,a,theC,,theDa,the,theWhynotputsomeflowersbythewindowWeThebossdoesn'tlikeflowersAcouldn'tBmustn'tCwon'tDcan'tIwentonwithmystoryjustIhadleftoffAwhereverBwhereCwhenDwheneverHowdoyoufindtoworkwithhimAthisBthatCitDyourselfIknowtheteachertoAmywhensheofabrightgirlAwasreferring,spokeBrefers,hasbrokenCreferred,wasspeakingDwasreferring,wasspeakingLikemanyotherswhotravelaround,LouisadmittedthattheworstthingisnotbeingabletoseeherfamilyandfriendsshewouldlikeAaslongasBasfarasCaswellasDasmuchasTomakethingsworse,manyofthemenhavegoneofftocitiesinsearchofhigherpay,leavingwomenfromnearlyvillageswiththeworkAtocarryonBcarryingonCcarriedoutDgoinginIfounditastonishingthathe这里是虚拟语气的用法,虚拟语气有一种情况:在“Itisathat…”句型中,that从句中谓语动词常用should动词原形。这类形容词有important,necessary,essential,advisable,urgent,vital,desirable等。这里的astonishing也属于这类形容词AwouldrefusetotravelfirsttimeBshouldrefusetotravelfirsttimeCshouldrefusetotravelfirstclassDshouldrefusetotravelfirsttrainSeethatyouagain宾语从句see是确保的意思。A这个答案是省略了成分AarenotBarenotgoingtobeCwillnotDwouldn'tbeIdon'tlikethewayhetalkstomeAthatBhowCwhatDwhich定语从句的先行词是way时,引导词可省Theboy'sbadhabitshismothermanysleeplessnightsAtookBofferedCspentDcostWhatarethestudentsthemachinesAuptoBuptodoCuptowithDuptodowith这些学生想用机器干什么呢beuptosth是在谋划什么的意思whatarethestudentsupto就是一个正确的句子,意思是这些学生在预谋什么但是加了个themachines就要在前面补一个with表示用机器Thespeaker,forhersplendidspeeches,waswarmlyreceivedbytheaudienceAhavingknownBhavingbeenknownCknowingDknown判断横线填什么,首先看动词和名词之间的关系。【know】和【speaker】之间明显是被动关系,【演讲者被别人知道】因此排除没有被动的AB两项那么【C】多了一个being,意思是正在被知道,但题意表达的是【已经被知道】因此选【D】答案翻译:这个因他精彩演讲而被人熟悉的演讲者,被观众热烈的欢迎了hissonrushedoutoftheroomdidherealizetheseriousnessoftheproblemAItwasnotuntilBNotuntilCTillDUntilWhoseishandwriting,LiLei'sorYangMei'sYangMei's,IthinkAabetterBbetterCbetterDmorebetter从后面的句子LiLei'sorYangMei's可以看出这是一个选择疑问句,而且存在比较关系。这句话理解为“李蕾和杨梅谁是更好的手写者”whosehandwritingisbetter,LiLei'sorYangMei'swhoseisabetterhandwriting,LiLei'sorYangMei's句型如果是前者就是better后者就是abetter希望你看的明白IinabrickfactoryfortwelveyearsNowI'mafarmerAworkedBworkChaveworkedDwasworking时态对不上如选hadworked,则前句是过去完成时,那表示说这句话时是在过去的时间,而NowI'mafarmer又说明说话的时间是在现在,两者矛盾如选c,则表示说这两句话的时间是在现在Whataboutthespeechhemadethisafternoonhesaidsoquiteexciting,IthinkAwhatBThatCDAll答案是BThathesaidsowasquiteexciting这是主语从句,that是从句的连接词,hesaidso是句子的主语。so是said的宾语。如果是A的话,句子必须是:Whathesaidwasquiteexciting,Ithinkso不见了,所以what就是said的宾语。如果是C的话,句子是:ALL(that)hesaidwasquiteexciting,Ithink(that)可以省略,这样,allthat==what。翻译:我认为,他这样的演说棒极了。Thathesaidso(主语)was(系动词做谓语)quiteexciting(表语)。你当时漏了was这个系动词做谓语的动词。Idon'tthinkFrankisEnglishmanasBillAasableanBableasanCasanableDanasabledon'tthinkFrankisasableanEnglishmanasBillas```as中间的顺序是adjaannIt'sraininghard,I'mafraidI'llmissthetrainifIwaithereCanIgiveyouaAhandBliftCmovementDdriveIdon'tknowEnglish,notFrenchAmentionBmentionedCtomentionDmentioningWhendidMrBlacktakeyoutoBeijingAAsayoungmanBAttheageofCInmytwentiesDIwasA不能表明是“过去”B是中式英语思维的产物,只是用于表述用,不是“回答”D则是答非所问CoulditbeinthemeetingroomyouhadtalkwithmeyesterdayeveningyouleftbehindyourkeysandpapersAthat,whereBthat,thatCwhere,whereDwhere,that"Inotdomyhomework,"saidtheboy"You,"saidhisfatherAwill,willBshall,shallCshall,willDwill,shallBooksarethemostimportantrecordswekeepman'sthoughts,ideasandfeelingsAonBawayCofDintouchwithWhatdopeoplewearwhentheygotothetheatreWell,itisn'tveryPeoplecanwearanythingtheylikeAcertainBnormalCmodernDsimpleIdidn'tlikeAuntLucy,whowithoutwarningandbringinguspresentsAalwaysturnedupBhasalwaysturnedupChadalwaysturnedupDwasalwaysturningupDoyouhaveanyblouseinyellowSorryWhataboutthiscreamcolorItwellwithalmostanythingAgoesBfitsCdoesDgetsThepeopleinvitedtotheballmaydresstheypleaseAhoweverBwhateverCwhereverDwhenever邀请到舞会的人可以穿任何他们想穿的I'mafraidIhaven'tgottimetothematterrightnowAgointoBlookforCturnoverDcleanoutThechairmanorderedthatthemeetingputoffAshouldBisCwasDbeHaveyouseenpenIleftitherethismorningIsitblackoneIthinkIsawitsomewhereAa,theBthe,theCthe,aDa,aDidyouenjoythebookYes,itwassointerestingthatIcouldn'titAgetridofBbreakawayfromCkeepawayfromDtearmyselfawayfromAmIthewayifIturntheradioAin,onBon,offCall,downDby,offAintheway表示造成不便turnon打开句子翻译如果我开收音机会不会造成大家的不便HeleneusedtobeveryshybutshehasgrownitnowAwithoutBoverCawayDoutofIsawsomeforeignersinthereceptionroomAseatingBseatCtositDseatedHerfatherwassoangryatallshewasdoinghewalkedoutAwhat,thatBthat,thatCthat,whichDwhich,as前一个that,allthat=what,allthatIwasdoing,所有我正在做的事情后一个that,是和前面的so连用,sothat,太。。以致于。爸爸太生气以致于走出了房间WeleaveittoyourownjudgmentyoushoulddoitAbecauseBthatCwhetherDwhatYoucanneverimaginewhatgreatdifficultyIhavehadthepatientwhosuchaseriouswoundAtreating,receivedBtreat,receivedCtreating,acceptedDtotreat,receivedWhydidn'tyoucometothestationfiveminutesagoIfyouhadcomeherealittleearlier,youthelasttrainAwillhavecaughtBshallcatchCwouldhavecaughtDhadcaughtThenewshasbeenheardontheradiothreetimestodayAtobroadcastBbroadcastCbeingbroadcastDbroadcastingTom'sbrotherisclever,theboycan'tbetrustedAonlyBorCforDandDoesittoletlittlechildrenplayinstreetsAmakesenseBhavesenseCgetsensesDmakeasenseAlice,whydidn'tyoucomeyesterdayI,butIhadanunexpectedvisitorAhadBwouldCwasgoingtoDdidGoldismostvaluableofallmetalsAthemuchBtheveryCthefarDfarthethateveryonestaredathimAToorudeisheBSorudewasheCSuchrudehewasDSorudehewasthesonseeshisfather,thefirstwordhewillsayisalways"Givemesomemoney"AAsfarBAslongasCEvenifDAswellashehadfortradewithagricultureproductsAWhatagreatgiftBWhatabeautifulgiftCHowbeautifulapresentDHowbeautifulagiftKenta,bornafreeman,wasapersonnowAwasinchainsBinchains被逮捕了CinchainDwhoisinchainMarywasadoctorandshecouldwritepoemsSoTomAwasBcouldCitwaswithDitwasIfwebelievesomethingistrueandgoodweshouldholdonitAtoBatCforDupDellalikesdancing,butdoesn'tlikeswimmingC是指玛丽也是这样(喜欢跳舞,不喜欢游泳)如果只有likedancing,就可以用A了,但是现在是既有肯定(喜欢跳舞)又有否定(不喜欢游泳),这种肯否定错综的句子,就要使用soitiswithsbASodoesMaryBNeitherdoesMaryCSoitisWithMaryDNordoesMaryWhodidtheteacherthearticleAhavewrittenBhavetowriteChavewriteDhavewritesAreyousuregreatprogressthisyearYes,ofcourse可以变成Areyousurethatsheisgetting……besureof是固定搭配besuretodo是一定的意思AofhergettingBofhertogetChertogetDhergettingIdropinatyourhouseaftertheconcert,orthatbetoolateNo,notatallACould,wouldBMay,mustCWould,canDCan,shouldCouldIdosth意味“请问我可以做某事吗”用could是表示语气的委婉,更为礼貌。Would是表示对将来的猜测,明显这里不是猜测,是在征询意见。wouldthatbetoolate那会不会太晚了这里不用could是因为could有表示“能不能”的意思,会被误解为“能不能晚一点”(实际上用could与后面的内容也是有冲突的,更加不能用could)should是指“有没有必要”,在这里说不通theboy'slastremark,themanlookedathimcuriouslyAToBWithCAtDBy我觉得是atAttheboyslastremarkthebooksellerlookedathim听到那男孩最后的那句话,卖书的人就看着他。句中第一个介词at表示动作、感情的原因,意思是“因……而见(听)……而一……就”。又如:Iwasfrightenedatthenews我听到那个消息吓了一跳。Shewasverypleasedathersonsachievements她因儿子取得的成绩而非常高兴。Thebabystoppedcryingatthesightofhismother这婴儿一看到母亲就不哭了forhisbravery,hewasaskedtogiveaspeechAAdmiredBAdmiringCHavingadmiredDBeingadmiredThefishisgoneitA正确,表示具体事情实际发生的可能性时,may,must,常用于肯定句,must一般不用于否定句和疑问句,can常用于否定句,疑问句或感叹句中,表示疑惑,惊讶后不相信等意思这是五三高考英语中专题五的知识讲解。ACanourcateatBMustourcateatCMightourcathaveeatenDMustourcathaveeatenTheweatherfine,theydecidedtogooutforalongwalkAwasBbeenCbeingDhavingbeenC独立主格结构独立主格的结构是由名词主格代词现在分词因为逗号后是个完整的句子前后两句的主语相同都是they所以句号前不可能是个完整的句子ABC都能够成完整的句子所以不选其作用相当于一个状语从句,常用来表示时间、原因、条件、行为方式或伴随情况等。HehisfatherforanewbicycleonhistwelfthbirthdayAdemandedBrequiredCrequestedDaskedHeissoablethathe'sevenpaidforasasdollarsadayAmanyBmuchCmoreDgreatthatsheshouldcomehereontimeASupposeBDemandCThinkDBelieveItwasanexcitingmomentforthesefootballfansthisyear,forthefirsttimeinyearstheirteamwontheWorldCupAthatBwhileCwhichDWhen很确定不是which因为后面的句子很完整。不能用关系代词的。。只有用关系副词。所以说thatwhich都不行。。貌似when说明从句的动作和主句的动作可以是同时,也可以是先后发生while则强调主句的动作在从句动作的发生的过程中或主从句两个动作同时发生。、所以呢。。你看这里while就不行了。。因为不是同时发生的。。JohnmayphonetonightIdon'twanttogoouthephonesAaslongasBinorderthatCincaseDsothat因为前面用的是may,表示可能,而inordertha是为了,以便的意思,表示目的incase是假使,万一的意思,表示可能,所以应该选incase更好InhecaughtaseriousillnesseffecthestillsuffersAforwhoseBforwhichCfromwhichDfromwhoseTherewouldbenoindustryAiftherewouldbenosteelBifthereisnosteelCwithoutsteelDistherenosteelShesatdownwithnothingtodoexcepttothetreeAtotalkBtalkingCtalkedDTalk固定搭配havenothingtodobutexceptdo一般说来,介词后接动词应是动名词。但是介词but、except却比较特殊,后接动词时,可以接不定式,并且这个不定式可以带to也可以不带to:当它前面的谓语含有实义动词do(可以是各种形式)时,其后的不定式通常不带to:Hedidnothingbutplaychessyesterday当它前面的谓语没有实义动词do时,其后的不定式通常要带to:Ihavenochoicebuttodoit当其前含有实义动词do但不是用作谓语时,其后的不定式带不带to均可,但以不带to为多见:There'snothingtodobut(to)waitiswhatIwanttotellyou:themeetingisputofftillFridayAThisBThatCItDWhich翻译:我想告诉你的是:会议推迟到周五。This指代what也指代后文会议要推迟的消息。如果用that,则表示之前已经说过的,那么谓语应该用was。It一般用于强调句式,如It`sthat。Whichiswhat这样的句式没有意义,属重复。Mary,Don'tfilltheforpencilbutinkAwith,inBin,withCwith,withDin,inI'dliketobuyanexpensivecameraWell,TomWehaveseveralmodelsAtobechosenfromBtobechoseCtochoosefromDtochooseJamwaskilledintrafficaccidentItalkedwithhimyesterdayafternoonAIsthatsoBSorrytohearthatCWhatapity!DPardonClearly,inasystemeverydecisionismadeonthebasisoftraditionalone,progressmaybedifficulttoachieveAthatBwhichCwhenDwhereDidHarrypaintthewholehousehimselfHebecausehedoesn'tliketoclimbaladderAhadn'tpainteditBpainteditChaditpaintedDhadpainteditIloveyoumorethanher,childYoumeanmorethanloveherormorethanshelovesAyou,meBI,youCyou,youDI,meMarymyletter,otherwiseshewouldhavegonetotheconcertAhasBoughttohavereceivedCcouldn'thavereceivedDshouldn'thavereceivedIthinkyou'vegottothepointachangeisneededotherwiseyou'llfailAwhenBthatCwhereDWhich为where引导的定语从句,修饰point,因从句中缺少主、宾语,故先排除whichthat。另外point在句中意为“(在空间或时间上真实的或想象的)点或状况”等。其后常用where引导定语从句。本句意为“我认为你已到了需要改变一下的地步,否则你就会失败”,再如:IvecometothepointwhereIcantstandherarguinganylonger我已达到了再也不能忍受她争吵的地步了。WeyourhelpandkindnessverymuchAloveBofferCthankDvalueHowaboutthebookyouarereadingGoodindeedItmanyproblemswehavecomeacrossinourstudyAsaysBtalksCcoversDreferWithalotofdifficultproblems,themanagerfelllikeacatonhotbricksAtosettleBsettlingCsettledDbeingsettled翻译:由于有很多问题需要解决,经理就像是热锅上的蚂蚁过去分词表示动作完成或者被动。如果已经完成了经理就不用着急了淘汰A现在分词表示和主动,问题与解决之间是被动关系,因此淘汰动词不定式表示将来时,问题要去解决,这里主动表被动现在分词被动语态,表示动作正在进行,由于很多问题正在被解决,不符合题意IsthattheverycaryoucometheotherdayAbyBinConDwithCedricwassoangrythathekickedachairandbrokeoneofitslegs,IthoughtwasratherfunnyAAsBitCthatDWhichas和which代替整句话引导非限制性定语从句时的区别位置which定从只能放在后面而as定从位置比较灵活前、中、后皆可意思as有正如的含义而which只能翻译成这、这一点本句定从中的ithought是插入语可以不考虑which代替前面整个句子只能翻译成这。。。。而as代替前面整个句子翻译成正如。。。显然后者不通所以答案是DwhichTomSawyertopaintthefencehimselfbuthegothisfriendstodoitforhimAsupposedBhassupposedChadsupposedDwassupposedWhatdopeoplewearwhentheygotothetheatreWell,itisn'tverypeoplecanwearanythingtheylikeAcertainBnormalCmodernDsimpleTheDutchsettledinHolland,MichiganTheythetownthecharacterittodayAhavegiven,haveBhavegiven,hasCgave,ishavingDaregiving,doeshaveDon'tgetupPleasewhereyouareKEEP后常加宾语再加补足语,即加名词(宾语)再加形容词(补足语)或KEEP加表状态的动名词,中的…INBED是介词短语,所以不能换Yes,IAremain,won'tBstay,don'tCsit,maynotDkeep,won'tYoucanhavethismagazineIfinishreadingitAsothatBbecauseCunlessDthemomentMarytoAustraliamanytimesbutshe'sbackagainnowAhasbeenBhadbeenChadgoneDwentItstormedalldayduringtimetheshipbrokeupAthisBthatCwhichDwhatThelookonMissWhite'sfacetoldusthatshewasgreattroubleAworrying,inBworried,inCworrying,withDworried,withTheshopownerwillgetallthesegoodsorderedtothecustomerstodayAtodeliverBdeliveringCdeliverDdeliveredThepoliceweretoldthattheboywaslastseennearthepoolAmissing,playedBmissing,playingCmissed,playingDmissed,toplay这句话的意思是最后看见这个失踪的男孩时他正在西湖附近玩耍。missing是失踪的意思,missed是感到思念的意思。playing是表主动,伴随状态。,shecouldn'tsayevenawordABeingexcitingBbeingexcitedCBeingexciteDExcitingI'llgotoQingdaoformynewjobnextweekI'mverymuchyourgoingthereI'llgowithyouAagainst,aloneBof,togetherCfor,longerDabout,againShortageofmoneyisaproblemforthem,itprobablyalwayswillbeAtobecontinuedBcontinuedCbeingcontinuedDcontinuingHaveyouhadagoodeveningWell,Ithisfilmontelevisionbutit'srubbishsoIthinkI'llturnitoffnowAamwatchingBwaswatchingChavebeenwatchingDhadbeenwatchingHehaddecidedtogiveitupbutonsecondthoughtshedecidedtotrythirdtimeAthe,aB,Ca,aD,ahisworkwasstillasithadbeenAItwaswhythatBWhyisthatCItiswhythatDWhywasitthatBobcameinsecondinmeterraceAthe,Ba,theCthe,aD,theFiveminutesearlier,wecouldhavecaughtthelastbusAandBbutCorDSo如果早到分钟,我们就可以赶上最后一班火车,虚拟句型,这是一个承接关系全句为:Ifwegetthetrainstationminitesearlier,andwewill如果把earlier改为late,就应选择C,那样全局翻译为:我们迟到了分钟,否则可以赶上最后一班火车的。Sallyissaidinaforeigncompany,butIhavenoideawhichcompanysheworkedinAtohaveworkedBtoworkCtobeworkingDtohavebeenworkingDidyougotothecinemalastnightIsthefilminterestingYes,moresothanAIexpectBI'veexpectedCIwasexpectingDI'dexpectedWorkstartseverydayatamandgoesonuntillateafternoonabreakatmiddayAbyBwithCforDafterIsthisthewayyoutreatanoldmanAwhichBhowCbywhichDyoudon'tlikehimisnoneofmybusinessAWhatBWhoCThatDWhetherThepeoplemustcontinuewhatthosedeaddidn'tfinishAlivingBaliveClivelyDLivealive与living的区别形容词:【相同点】两个词都表示“活着的”、“有生命的”living与alive都可作表语例如:IshisfatherstilllivingTheoldmanisstillalive【异同点】living可以作前置定语修饰形容词alive则不可例如:livinglanguage对alivelanguage错名词:【异同点】只有living前加the方可表示“活着的人”,作主语时,视作复数。Thelivingaremoreimportanttousthanthedead活着的人对我们来说比死去的人更重要。词义:【异同点】living主要指在某个时候是活着的,而alive指本来有死的可能,但仍活着的。而且,作主语补足语或宾语补足语时,只能用alive作比喻义(如“活像……”、“活生生的”等)解时,要用living。例如:Theenemyofficerwascaughtalive(作主语补足语,不用living)那位敌方军官被活捉了。Wefoundthesnakealive(作宾语补足语,不用living)Heisthelivingimageofhisfather(比喻义,不用alive)他活象他父亲。ItriedthebrownjacketintheshopanditlookedwonderfulmeAon,onBto,toCin,inDon,inIdon'tthinkheisright,AdoIBdon'tICisn'theDisheDoyouknowouttownatallNoThisisthefirsttimeIhereAwasBhavebeenCcameDamcomingDoyougetalongwellwithyourauntAYes,mostlyonholidaysBNotparticularlyCNoSheisnotallrightDYes,sheisThesepictureswillshowyouAwhatdoesourvillagelooklikeBwhatourvillagelookslikeChowdoesourvillagelooklikeDhowourvillagelookslikeComeI'llintroducemyfriend,BobtoyouAclosely,closeBclose,closelyCclose,closeDclosely,closelycome是动词用副词修饰close与closely都有副词的意义但close通常表示凑过来而closely通常表示“仔细地”friend是名词通常是用形容词修饰的close在这里是“亲密的”的意思修饰“朋友”wouldbeourhomeinthefutureAItBSuchCSoDWhich以表语开头的句子:有时为了把较长的主语放在后面,须将表语和谓语都提到主语前。如:Suchwouldbeourhomeinthefuture我们将来的家就是这个样子。倒装以作状语的介词短语开头:当主语较长或主语所带修饰语较长时,为了使句子平衡,常将状语置于句首,句子用完全倒装语序。例:ATothecoalminecameacompanyofPLAsoldierswithordersfromtheheadquarterstorescuethetrappedminersBAcompanyofPLAsoldierscametothecoalminewithordersfromtheheadquarterstorescuethetrappedminers一个连队的解放军战士来到了那座煤矿,奉司令部之命解救受困的矿工。例:AOnthegroundlaysomeairconditioners,whicharetobeshippedtosomeothercitiesBSomeairconditionerslayontheground,whicharetobeshippedtosomeothercities地上放着一些空调,等着用船运到其他城市去。从例句中可看出,采用倒装语序的A句结构平衡稳妥,读起来自然流畅,而采用自然语序的B句结构零乱,读起来也别扭。因而,在主语较长时就应采用倒装语序以取得理想的表达效果以表语开头的句子:有时为了把较长的主语放在后面,须将表语和谓语都提到主语前。如:Suchwouldbeourhomeinthefuture我们将来的家就是这个样子。以副词here,there开头的句子,也采用完全倒装来保持句子平衡。如:Hereistheletteryouhavebeenlookingforwardto你盼望已久的信在这儿。Shewassosadthatshecouldn'thertearsAkeepawayBkeepbackCkeepfromDkeepoutThelittleboyhisbuttonsinawrongwayAdidupBtookupCmadeupDgotup修理Theroomneedsdoingup这房子需要修缮。使穿上ShewasdoneupinherSundaybest她穿着节日盛装。使精疲力尽Hewasdoneupafterthelongtrip长途旅行后他精疲力尽。HeisfamousratheranactorthanhissongsAas,forBfor,asCfor,forDas,asbefamousas意为:作为……是出名的,如:Heisfamousasawriter作为一个作家他是有名气的。befamousfor意为:因……而著名,如:Beijingisfamousformanyplacesofinterest北京以许多名胜古迹而著称。ItnodifferencewhowillgothereAtakesBmakesCgivesDbringsHeknowslittleaboutthecityasifhetheresofarAisn'tBweren'tCshouldn'thavebeenDhadn'tbeenWereallthesepeopleinthebusinjuredintheaccidentNo,onlythreepassengerswhogothurtAitwasBtherewasCtheywereDtherehad因为所使用的是强调句结构。Onlythreepassegersgothurt变成强调句就成了:Itwasonlythreepassengersthatgothurt强调句结构是:Itiswasthat,TheboykeptaskingsillyquestionsuntilmypatiencefinallyandturnedadeafeartohimAranover跑过去,溢出,超过限度,匆匆看,辗过,扼要复述,放送(录音磁带等至完)Branaway跑开Cranout跑出去用光Dranup升起,使)增长othergoodstudents,theteacherthinks,HankisstudentAComparedwith,amostsatisfiedBComparedto,themostsatisfiedCComparedwith,amoresatisfyingDComparingto,themostsatisfyingcomparewith与…比较compareto比喻为Comparedto表示把比作,这里不能用satisfied表示自己很满意,satisfying表示让人满意的amostsatisfying表示一个很有让人满意的学生,没有the的话,most翻译成很,非常I'vebeenwaitingforthephonesinceo'clockHeisnotonlyaskillfuldriverbuthealsoknowstheroadverywellAHowlonghasbebeenawayBWhat'sthematterwithJohnCIdon'tthinkyoushouldworryaboutJohnDI'mafraidthere'ssomethingwrongwiththetelephoneCanyoupickmeupOfcourseI'lldriveyouyouaregoingAwhereBtotheplaceCwhichDIftowhich=where,此处缺少了介词to(I…lldriveyoutowhichyouaregoing),towhich=where如果是B,句子going后面少了toC也是B的原因D就句意不对了areyoutryingtoprovetothepoliceWhereIwaslastnightAWhyBHowCWhatDWhenWhatalargeandbrightroom!IsitaclassroomNoItthestudents'readingroomAreferstoBstandsforCissupposedtobeDismeantforrefersto(谈及)Bstandfor(代表)Cissupposedtobe(应该)Dismeantfor(用来)HeaskedthedoctorwhowasthemanatthemomentAbeingoperatedBbeingoperatedonCtobeoperatedDoperatedonNothavingfinishedhishomework,towatchTVAMotherforbadehimBsohewasforbiddenCandhewantedDhewasforbiddenScienceandengineeringstudentsoftentheirheadsinbooksinsteadofgoingtodancesandcinemasAcoverBburyChideDdevoteIthoughtyouwouldn'tmindWell,asamatteroffactI,butyoufirstAdidn't,shouldletknowBdon't,shouldletmeknowCdidn't,shouldhaveletmeknowDdon't,shouldhaveletmeknowWhothatpianoMysister,whenshetimeAplays,ishavingBisplaying,hasCisplaying,hashadDplays,has都是一般现在时平时谁用(弹)那个钢琴我妹妹,她有空的时候注意是thatpiano,如果是正在弹钢琴的话应用isplayingthepiano"Iwanttoknowwhyyoudidn'tdoas"saidtheteacherAtobetoldBtellingCtoldDtoldtoDidyoufindyourwatchyesterdayNo,Ididn'tfind,butI'veboughtAit,itBone,oneCit,oneDone,itTherooffellhehadtimetodashintotheroomtosavehisbabyAbeforeBasCafterDuntilIsthereanythinginterestinginQueenslandYesIheardthatyouhadstudiedtherelastyearAaren'tyougoingthereBHaven'tyougonethereCDidn'tyougothereDHaven'tyoubeenthereBelieveitornot,hecameAdrunkhomelastnightBhomelastnightdrunkChomedrunklastnightDlastnighthomedrunk参考答案CBCABABCDDBACDCCDDDACDABBADBDABBDCBBCDBABCAACBBCCADAABDDABACCCCCDBACDCDCCBDDBBDDAAABACACDBDABDCCDDCDBDCCABABDDABDDACBBBDCBBBABBCBCDCDBBBBACDCABACBDDDADDACDCABBADAABCCABDBBAABDDCBBDADDBCACBCADACAADCDBCABABCCDDCBDAAADADADDBCACBAACBBBABCABCAACAACDBADCDCDADCADCACCDCDBDDBBADACBDBBADCDDDAADBDCAADBBBCBBAABDACCCACDBDBCDDCAD

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

评分:

/68

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利